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print a report of their programmes; others seem to be restrained by a fear of vain glory, especially the circles under the guidance of religious directors. They should remember the admonition of Scripture, not to keep their light hidden under a bushel. Whatever tends to glorify the work of the Church in the world, and promote self-improvement, ought to be made known to the brethren of the household of the true faith.

Publicity for good works of all kinds is in accord with the following advice from the Rev. Morgan M. Sheedy:

The Catholic Church trains her young people in a way to secure good morals, good citizenship, a respect for property rights and the rights of others. She has a firm faith in God, in Christ, in the Bible, and a firm acceptance of the religion of the Savior, without which civilization must eventually disappear.

Outside of the Church religion is fast drifting into infidelity; the Bible is regarded as mere literature; disbelief spreads apace. So we see there are splendid opportunities opening to the Church in this land. The field is inviting for a display of her best energies.

While doubt, infidelity, and materialism are making great inroads among other religious bodies, the Catholic Church alone is able to resist the attacks of these enemies of religion. And this is due not only to the truth and logic of her system, but to the care and sacrifices she makes in the Christian training of her children.

From that training must spring the highest type of American citizenship. The three essential elements, religion, morality, and intelligence, the pillars of human happiness and the firmest props of the duties of men and citizens, are embodied in the education of our Catholic youth. Hence with us it is an accepted maxim : The better the Catholic, the better the citizen. They who aspire to be fellow-citizens of the saints and of the household of God must be loyal and law-abiding members of society. Religion regulates the relations of class to class, gives to morals a sound basis, to legislation efficacy, to administration honesty. The Church is concerned with the welfare of men in all the complex relations of life; she is deeply interested in almost every movement that tends to uplift humanity. Her history is the history of modern civilization. She is not content to trust to the leavening influence which her teaching indirectly exercises on society in virtue of its power to transform the life of the individual, but she is ever ready to support practical measures for the moral and social betterment of the community.

Every movement, therefore, for good citizenship, for honest and efficient administration in city, state, and nation has her support and blessing. Her beneficent influence makes itself felt throughout the entire sphere of human life and conduct. She would hallow all the relations of men with the principles of the Sermon on the Mount, and bring to bear upon society the vivifying energy of Catholic truth. The supreme interest with which the Catholic regards all the great movements of the day is made manifest in the teaching and policy of the late Pope Leo XIII.

The Catholic citizen, therefore, who understands the aims and spirit of the Church must be in active sympathy with every movement for the public good. And the more he is imbued with the spirit of religion the more he conforms in his daily conduct to its teachings, all the more deeply will he be interested in what makes for civic righteousness; or, in other words, the better the Catholic, the better the citizen.

Now, I know of no period in our history when the influence of the better Catholic was more needed than to-day. We need him in politics, in business, in social life, in public administration. We need him to stay the tide of political corruption, which for the moment obscures the great democratic experiment. Ex-President Cleveland, in a recent address, reviewed our many moral defects as a people and earnestly appealed for a revival of the virtues of good citizenship. President Roosevelt is a strenuous lay preacher of the civic virtues. There is no form of government so much as a republic that demands wisdom and virtue in the people. Universal suffrage rcquires the individual voter to be not only a good citizen at the ballot-box, but a good citizen all the year round. He must by precept and example spread abroad and actively support, at all times, the principles of civic virtue and honest government. Catholic citizens everywhere should be pre-eminent in this work. Thus can we hope to allay the fears of those who find many discour. aging symptoms in the body politic.

M. C. M.

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BOOKS RECEIVED.

LONGMANS, GREEN & Co., New York:

Pragmatism; A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking. Popular Lectures on Phi

losophy. By William James. 8vo. Pp. xiii.-309. Price, cloth, $1.75 net. The Story of Ancient Irish Civilization. By P. W. Joyce, LL.D., M.RIA Small 8vo. Pp. viii.-175. The Legends of the Saints. An Introduction to Hagiography. From the French of Père Delehaye, S.J. Translated by Mrs. V. M. Crawford. Price $1.20. A History of Commerce. By Clive Day, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Economic History in Yale University. Price $2. Through Scylla and Charybdis; or, the Old Theology and

the New. By George Tyrrell. Price $1.50. BENZIGER BROTHERS, New York:

Ten Lectures on the Martyrs. By Paul Allard. Authorized Translation by Luigi Cappadelta. Price $2. Sursum Corda. Letters of the Countess de Saint-Martial (in Religion Sister Blanche), Sister of Charity of St. Vincent of Paul, together with a Brief Biographical Memoir by her brother, Baron Leopold de Fesche. Price $2. Madame Louise of France. By Leon de la Brière. Authorized Translation by Meta and Mary Brown. Price $2. Contemplative Prayer. Ven. Fr. Baker's Teaching I herton: from Sancta Sophia." Price $1.50. Short Meditations for Every Day in the Year. From the Italian. Translated by Dom Edward Luck, O.S.B., Bishop of Auckland. Price $1.60. A Tuscan Penitent. The Life and Legend of St. Margaret of Cortona. By Fr.

287

Cuthbert, of the Order of St. Francis, Capuchin. Price $1.35. History of the Books of the New Testament. By E. Jacquier. Translated from the French by Rev. J. Duggan. Vol. I. Preliminary Questions : St. Paul and His Epistles. Price $2. Honor Without Renown. By Mrs. Ínnes-Browne. A New Edition. Price $1.25. Thoughts and Fancies. By F. C. Kolbe, D.D. Price 75 cents. The Blind Sisters of St. Paul. By Maurice de la Suzeranne. Translation by L. M. Leggett. Price $2. The Finding of the Cross. By Louis de Combes. Translation by, Luigi Cappadelta. Price $2. Thomas William Allies. By Mary T. Allies. Price $1 25 net. "Friday Fare. Over one hundred receipts for days of abstinence or fasting. By Mrs. Charles Marshall, M.C.A. Price 35 cents. Madame Rose Lummis. By Delia Gleeson. Price $1.25 net. Ritual in Catholic Worship. Sermons Preached in Westminster Cathedral during the Lent of 1904. By Very Rev. F. Proctor. Price 50 cents net. The Life of the Blessed Julie Billiart, Foundress of the Institute of Notre Dame (of Namur;. By a member of the same society. Boulogne-sur-Mer, St. Patrick's Native Town. By Rev. Wiljam, Canon Fleming. Price 45 cents. Ireland and St. Patrick. By William Bullen Morris. Fourth Edition. Price 60 cents. Selected Poetry of Father Faber. By Rev. John Fitzpatrick, O.M.I. Price 90 cents. Good-Night Stories Told to Very Little Ones. By Mother M. Salome, St. Mary's Convent, Cambridge. Price 75 cents. Melor of the Silver Hand ; and Other Stories of the Bright Ages. By Rev. David Bearne, S.j. Price 85 cents. The Rhymed Life of St. Patrick. By_Katharine Tynan. Pictured by Lindsay Symington. Harmony člats: The Gifts of a Tenement House Fairy. By C. s. Whitmore. Price 85 cents. A Mirror of Shalott : Being a Collection of Tales Zold at an Unprofessional Symposium. By Rev. R. H. Benson, MA. Practical Sermons for all the Sundays and Holy days of the Year. By Rev. John Perry: 2 Vols. Synopsis Theologiæ Moralis et Pastoralis. Ad mentem S. Thomæ et S. Alphonsi. Hodiernis Moribus Ac. comadata. Tom. I.--Theologia Moralis Fundamentalis. Tom. II.- De Virtute Justitiæ et de Variis Statuum Obligationibus. Tom. III. De Sacramentis in Genere et in Specie

(Nova Editio). Auctore Ad. Tanquerey. CHARLES SCRIBNER's Sons, New York:

The Virgin Birth of Christ. Being Lectures Delivered under the Auspices of the Bible
Teachers' Training School. New York, 1907. By James Orr, M.A., D.D. Pp. xiv.-

301. Price $1.50 net.
D. APPLETON & Co., New York:

The Tents of Wickedness. By Miriam Coles Harris. Pp. 474. Price $1.50. THOMAS Y. CROWELL & Co., New York :

Famous Painters of America. By J. Walker McSpadden. Illustrated. Pp. x.-362. Price

$2.50 net. CHRISTIAN PRESS ASSOCIATION, New York:

A Colonel from W'yoming. By John Alexander Hugh Cameron. Pp. 364. B. W. HUEBSCH, New York:

Religion and Historic Faiths. By Otto Pfleiderer, D.D. Translated from the German by

Daniel A. Huebsch, Ph.D. Teachers COLLEGE, Columbia University, New York: Administration and Educational Work of American Juvenile Reform Schools. By David

S. Snedden, Ph.D. Pp. 206. FORDAM UNIVERSITY PRESS, New York: Makers of Modern Medicine. By James J. Walsh, M.D., Ph.D., LL.D. Pp. 362. Price

$2 net. Postage 15 cents extra. CATHOLIC SUMMER-SCHOOL PRESS, New York:

The Thirteenth Greatest of Centuries. ' By James J. Walsh, M.D., Ph.D., LL.D. Pp.

450. Price $2 50 net. Postage 20 cents extra. J. B. LYON COMPANY, Albany, N. Y.:

Life Sketches of Father Walworth. With Notes and Letters by Ellen H. Walworth. Pp.

370. Price $1.50. B. HERDER, St. Louis, Mo.:

Sermons to the Novices Regular. By Thomas à Kempis. Translation by Dom Vincent

Scully, C.R.L. Price $1.35. The Protestant Reformation. How It was Brought About
in Various Lands. By Rev. Charles Coppens, S.J. Price, paper, 15 cents; cloth, 40

Handbook of Céremonies for Priests and Seminarians. By John Baptist Muller,
S.J. Translated from the German by Andrew P. Gauss, S.J. Price $i. Arabella.
By Anna 1. Sadlier. Price 80 cents. Stories of the Great Feasts of Our Lord. Taken
from the Gospel Narrative and Tradition. By Rev. James Butler. The Love of Books.

cents.

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Being the " Philobiblion" of Richard de Bury, Bishop of Durham. With a Foreword by George Ambrose Burton, Bishop of Clifton. Price 60 cents. The Church in English History. A Manual for Catholic Schools. Being an Outline from the Introduction of Christianity to Catholic Emancipation in 1829. By J. M. Stone. Price $1. The Philosophers of the Smoking-Room. Conversations on Some Matters of Moment. By Francis Aveling, D.D. Price $1. Westminster Series: Theories of the Transmigration of Souls. By Rev. J. Gibbons, Ph.D. Mysticism. By Rev. R. H. Benson, M.A. The Catholic Sunday-School. Some Suggestions on its Aim and Management. By Rev.

Bernard Feeney. Price $1. Cousin Wilhelmina. By Anna T. Sadlier. Price $1. PAGE A. Cochran, Essex Junction, Vt.:

A Friendly Chat and Plain Talk About Mind Reading. Paper. Pp. 92. Price 50 cents. Houghton, MIFFLIN & Co., Boston:

Camping and Tramping with Roosevelt. By John Burroughs. With Illustrations. Pp.

xiv.-IIO. Price $ı net. Oliver Ditson COMPANY, Boston :

Sunday-School Hymn Book. Compiled by Sisters of Notre Dame. (With Accompani

ments.) Pp. 183. Price 75 cents prepaid. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, Washington, D. C.:

Twenty-First Annual Report of the Commission of Labor. 1906. Strikes and Lockouts.

Pp. 979.
CATHOLIC STANDARD AND Times PUBLISHING COMPANY, Philadelphia :

Latin Pronounced for Catholic Choirs; or, the Latin of High Mass, Vespers, and Hymns

Arranged Phonetically. By Rev. Edward J. Murphy.
St. Paul's Catholic HISTORICAL Society, St. Paul, Minn.:

Acta et Dicta. A Collection of Historical Data regarding the Origin and Growth of the

Catholic Church in the Northwest. Pp. 159. Price 75 cents per copy. THE ARTHUR H. CLARK COMPANY, Cleveland, Ohio:

Dr. John McLoughlin--the Father of Oregon. By Frederick V. Holman. With Portraits.

Pp. 300. Price $2.50 net.
H, M. GILL & Son, Dublin, Ireland:

The Crucifix. The Most Wonderful Book in the World. By Rev. William McLoughlin,

Mount Melleray Abbey.
THE "IRISH MESSENGER OFFICE, Dublin, Ireland:

Daily Mass; or, the Mystic Treasures of the Holy Sacrifice. By Rev. J. McDonnell, S.J

Pp. ii.-32. Paper. Price one penny. MM. GABRIEL BEAUCHESNE ET Cie. Paris :

Pourquoi l'on doit être Chrétien | Par M. Lepin. Paper. Pp. 61.

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A SIDE-LIGHT UPON THE ATTITUDE OF THE CHURCH TO

SCIENCE.

BY HERBERT THURSTON, S.J.

AM not quite sure whether it is St. Bénézet or his modern biographer that I am the more anxious to write about. St. Bénézet is a delightfully interesting person, but he is also rather mythical.

The biographer is real enough, but his life was not externally eventful, and one of the most remarkable things about him was his devotion to St. Bénézet. Perhaps under the circumstances it will be wisest to try to say a few words about both of them. The engineer of the twelfth century and the engineer of the nineteenth, will each help to throw the personality of the other into higher relief.

Let me begin by confessing, to my shame, that a few months ago I was unacquainted with the very name of either of these two heroes of science. It was a mere chance which led me to stumble across the track of St. Bénézet, and in the effort to learn something more about this quaint, mediæval figure I came to make acquaintance with the elaborate étude which M. de Saint-Venant, Membre de l'Institut, has consecrated to the memory of his patron.*

As the book is, unfortunately, but only too evidently, a posthumous work, it is prefaced by some little account of its author. There among the tributes paid by men of science to

* St. Bénéset, Patron des Ingénieurs. Par M. A. B. de Saint-Venant, Membre de l'Insti tut, etc., Bourges, 1889. Copyright. 1907. THE MISSIONARY SOCIETY OF ST. PAUL THE APOSTLE

IN THE STATE OF NEW YORK.
VOL. LXXXVI.-19

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