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powers of a single and unassisted person; the field of inquiry
requires combined exertions, and diversified talent and experience.
These reflections on a subject to which we have always given
close attention, and on which, we hope, we have not laboured in
vain, have been not unnaturally suggested by the formation
within this past year of the British Archeological Association, an
association that has arisen out of the best auspices—a general
belief in its utility, and which we think will be attended with
the best results. Its numbers ensure such extensive connections,
that its researches can be prosecuted every where, without dif-
ficulty or discouragement. We know of no event connected
with our particular pursuits that has gratified us so much for
many years; we hail its rise with pleasure, we contemplate its
permanence and increase with confidence, and we hope that it
may in time weaken the force, if it cannot destroy the entire
power, of the poet's saying,
Mors etiam saxis, nominibusque venit.

S. URBAN.

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GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

JULY, 1844.

By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gext.

6-135.4

CONTENTS.
Mixor CORRESPONDENCE._British Roads adopted by the Romans-Families

of Seaman-Cheyné-Tooke-Anecdote of Sir James Thornhill proposed
as a Subject for a Picture-West't windows at Windsor

2

TaE FIRST-BORN, A DRAMA, by the Rev. W. Harness

3

Southey's Editorship of Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress

15

On the Scarabeus ...

16

Description of Stafford Castle (with a Plate)

18

New Church at East Grafton, Wilts (with a Viero)

19

Restoration of the Church at Woodchurch, Cheshire..

21

The Ancient custom of a Lady taking her Chamber

22

Roman Sepulchral Inscription found near Piercebridge....

24

Ornamental Tiles in Great Malvern Church, (with a Plate)

25

The Portraits of Versailles, No. IV.-Reigns of Louis XIII. and XIV...

31

On the Pottery termed Samian-Potters' stamps found in London

35

Value of the Metonic Cycle-Date of the First Passover

38

A Cavalier's Farewell to his Mistress-Rev. James Anderson

40

Confessionals existing in English Churches....

41

Remarks on Collier's edition of Shakespeare, &c.

42

RETROSPECTIVE Review.-Withers's Salt upon Salt ...

43

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Jesse's Scenes and Tales of Country Life, 49 ; Greenwood's Tree-Lifter, 53 ;

Milnes's Palm Leaves, 55 ; Mrs. Bray's Courtenay of Walreddon, 57 ;

Sandby's Mesmerism and its Opponents, 58 ; Miscellaneous Reviews 60

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

New Publications, 63 ; University of Oxford-University of Cambridge, 67 ;

Royal Geographical Society-Royal Asiatic Society-Wiltshire Topo-

graphical Society, 68; Numismatic Society, 69; Ethnological Society,

Society of Arts..

70

FINE ARTS.—British Sculptors at Rome, 70; Sir R. K. Porter's Drawings 71

ARCHITECTURE.-Oxford Architectural Society, 72 ; Royal Academy 73

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.-Society of Antiquaries, 75; Archæo.

logical Association Society of Northern Antiquaries--Ancient Armour.... 78

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.—Proceedings in Parliament, 79; Foreign

News-Domestic Occurrences

80

Promotions and Preferments, 83; Births, 84; Marriages

84

OBITUARY; with Memoirs of Earl of Bessborough ; M. Laffitte ; Sir William

Johnston, Bart.; Admiral Sir C. E. Nugent ; Vice-Adm. Sir Jahleel Bren.

ton; Lieut.-Gen. Sir T. Stubbs ; Lieut.-Gen. Loveday ; Major-Gen. W.

H. Beckwith ; Major-Gen. Sir O. Carey ; Major-Gen. F. J. T. Johnstone;

Lt. Col. W. G. White ; Wadham Wyndham, Esq.; John Tomes, Esq. ;

J. N. Wigney, Esq. M.P.; Thomas Bowes, Esq. ; John Herman Merivale,

Esq.; J. S. Duncan, Esq. D.C.L. ; John Grant Malcolmson, Esq. M.D.

Mr. Sebastian Pether ; Mr. Theodore Van Holst; Luigi Canonica ; Dr,

George Swiney; Capt. R. Fair, R.N.; James Stuart

87-101

CLERGY DECEASED

101

Deaths, arranged in Counties

103

Registrar-General's Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis–Markets-Prices

of Shares, 111; Meteorological Diary–Stocks ....

12

Embellished with Views of STAFFORD CASTLE and East GRAFTON Church, Wilts

and Fac-Similes of Ornamental Tiles in GREAT MALYERN Abbey Church.

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MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

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J. P. requests permission to explain a Gent. Mag. New Series, note, vol. xii* passage in_bis letter, (June, p. 601,) p. 602) are descended from Le Sieur upon the Roman Iters from London to de Touque, Toc, or Touke, as it is vari. Canterbury; upon which we made an edi. ously spelt in different copies of the Battorial note. " I have said that the tle Abbey Roll, where he is mentioned, Romans had two roads into Kent, and amongst others, as having attended Wil. that Cæsar marched on one of them on liam the Conqueror, at the Battle of his way to the Thames; because, as I Hastings. Now his name is not men. firmly believe, it was then a beaten road, tioned in the Index of Tenants in Capite, wbich the Britons had long previously where as a Norman Knight it naturally used as their ordinary way from the coast would be, nor, I believe, do any of the of Kent to the fordable part of the names of his children appear in the SurThames, spoken of by Cæsar. That many vey, as they probably would bad land of the roads in this island, that were been granted to bim, or his immediate de. adopted by the Romans, were originally scendants. From this it seems probable British roads, I doubt not: even the that he was either killed at the Battle of Watling Street seems to have been such Hastings or returned into Normandy, a road, improved by the Romans ; if we and that if be bad any children they did may derive the name from GWADULU, not possess land in Britain; and, since the meaning, in the language of the Britons, names of Tocbi, Tocbæ, Tocbe, Toc, to render or make firm, solid, or sound; Tocho, Toka, Toke, Tokesone, Tuke, which is corroborated by Richard of Ci. Tuka, and Thochi, occur as holders of rencester's writing it Via Guethelinga: Jands in the reign of Edward the Conand I have read that it was a pre-existing fessor, and the name of Thoke in the road repaired by the Romans.”

year 1014, (Lysons's Magna Britannia, J. N. inquires for any particulars (be- Norfolk,) it seems much more probable yond what appear in Bloomfield) of the that the families are of Saxon or Danish family of “Seaman of Norwich," amongst than of Norman origin. Can any of the whose members were Thomas Seaman, readers of tbe Gents. Magazine throw Sheriff of Norwich in 1679, and High . any light on the derivation of the name? Sheriff of Norfolk in 1688, and Sir Peter J. A. R. remarks, Among the great Seaman, Sheriff of Norwich in 1699, variety of bistorical subjects designed by Mayor in 1707, and High Sheriff of Nor the British artists of the present day, it folk in 1710. He is desirous more par. has often occurred to me that the followticularly of ascertaining the date and origin ing may be worthy of notice, which I of this family establishing tbemselves in bave never seen introduced, i. e. Sir Norfolk, and whether they were descended James Thornbill on a bigh scaffold paint. from the Cheshire family of Seaman, of ing within-side the dome of St. Paul's, whom there were members bearing pre. and in the attitude of running backward, cisely the same names. The Nortolk fa. and in great danger of falling over, while mily were seated at Heigham, wbich was a companion, observing this (with great in the hundred of Humbleyard, till it was presence of mind), is seen with a brush afterwards made part of the county and daubing over the painting in order to city of Norwich, as it now remains. alarm bim, and save bis lite. If this were

E. B. P. presumes A. H. S. (p. 339) managed by a clever artist, and the is aware that there was a family at Hever painter's anxiety manifested in bis coan. (Kent) of the name of Cheyné, or tenance, at seeing his work injured, as he Cheyney, which intermarried with that of appeared to be rushing forward to prethe Boleynes of Hever Castle and Roch. serve it, I think it might prove an in. ford Hall, Essex. The latter estate de. teresting picture. volved on the Tilney family in 1774. T. W.inquires where West's original (Vide Benger's Life of Anne Boleyne.) sketches for the Stained Glass that was A beautiful monumental brass still exists begun for the West window of St. in Hever church to the memory of Mar George's Chapel, Windsor, are to be garet Cheyné, 23 Aug. 1419.

found. M. M. M. writes : In Nichols's Lite.

ERRATA. In a small portion of the impresrary Anecdotes (vol. ix. p. 159.) it is sion of our present nuniber, at p. 40, line 25, stated that_the family of Toke, Tooke, for Sunday read Saturday, In p. 42, line 15 Tuke, or Tuck, &c. (for many otber read Falstát calls Simple “ Sir."

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