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TO THE

SCIENCE OF GOVERNMENT

AND

COMPEND OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL AND
CIVIL JURISPRUDENCE OF THE

UNITED STATES.

WITH A BRIEF

TREATISE ON POLITICAL ECONOMY.

DESIGNED FOR THE USE OF FAMILIES AND SCHOOLS.

TO WHICH IS APPENDED THE

NEW CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK.

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BUFFALO:
DER BY AND HEWSON, PUBLISHERS

AUBURN : DERBY, MILLER & CO.
CINCINNATI: HENRY W. DERBY.

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Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1839, by WARREN WEBSTER, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Northern District of New York.

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-9-33

PRE FACE.

It is the peculiar fortune of the people of the United States, to live under a government that secures to them, in an extraordinary degree, the blessings of civil and reli. gious liberty. It is believed that no other form of govern. ment is capable of conferring upon its citizens an equai amount of happiness.

Under our constitution, sovereignty resides with the people : in other words, they have the power of governing themselves. Consequently, it is of the first importance, that the depositories of political power should know how to apply this power intelligently and judiciously. The power to make and to administer the laws, is delegated to the representatives and agents of the people; the people should there. fore be competent to judge when, and how far, this

power

is constitutionally and beneficially exercised.

Distinguished as the American people are for their comparative general intelligence, a large portion of them, it must be confessed, are greatly wanting in political knowledge. And while so many books have been prepared to facilitate the means of instruction, and so much has been done in various ways to promote the interests of education generally, it is remarkable that the science of government has received so little attention.

Multitudes in this republic are annually arriving at that period of life, when they are to exercise, for the first time, their privileges as citizens. In the state of New York alone, the number is about fifteen thousand, and is composed, chiefly, of those whose education does not embrace even the first principles of political science. It is not to

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