« AnteriorContinuar »
21st Cong. Ist Sess.] Documents accompanying the President's Message. (SEN. AND H. OF REPS. ing each other have been ordered to repair to the United as the experience of the Navy may have shown applicable States. Immediately after their return, a tribunal will be to this purpose. To carry the latter objects into execuestablished to investigate these complaints, and to render tion, an additional appropriation will be required; bat justice alike to the aggressors and the aggrieved. their completion must result in an important saving in the
The squadron on the Pacific coast of South America naval expenditure, and would give to the nation, ivstead consists of the frigate Guerriere, the sloop St. Louis, and of the decaying fabrics of which the ships in ordinary dow the schooner Dauphin. No changes have been made in consist, a marine force which could be made to act the force of this squadron. Commodore Thompsou has promptly and efficiently for its defence. succeeded Commodore Jones in the.command; and the The dury of preparing ships for service, is, by the esGuerriere and St. Louis bave taken the places of the Bran- tablished regulations, committed to the Commandants of dywine and Vincennes. Commodore Jones has returned the yards, whose great object seems to be 'to hurry the to the United States in the former
, and the latter, acting equipment, and to incur as little expense as possible. under orders from the late Executive, after touching at Thus their preparation is imperfect, and the nation has to the Friendly and Sandwich Islands, will return by way of encounter a considerable experse iu foreign ports to obthe Cape of Good Hope. No information has been pre- tain the requisite supplies and repairs. The materials for Bented to the Department inducing a belief that ap in effecting these are sometimes not to be procured; and the crease of this force is necessary; though, doubtless, good ship, being. through the whole cruise, in a crippled state, policy forbids that any portion of it be withdrawn. An performs the service out and home al the risk of ber loss, nexed is a statement, marked A, showing the disposition and perhaps that of her crew. Such a system, in peace, of the public vessels now in commission.
is hazardous ; and, in time of war, dangerous in the extreme. The report of the Commissioners of the Navy, which some cases bave been brought to the notice of the Deis berewith transmitted, marked B, furnishes a detailed partment, in which ships ordered on voyages of two or statement of the number of ships of war in ordinary, their three years bave been so carelessly equipped, that the present condition, and the amount which will required whole cruise might be said to be a series of dangers and to fit them for service. These ships are represented to escapes, and their safe return a matter rather to be won. be in a state of premature and rapid decay, and, when the dered at than expected. In every instance in which it manner in which they bave been disposed of at the sta- can be conveniently done, the officer wbo is to command tions is considered, this ceases to be a matter of surprise, should attend to the equipment of his ship for sea.
No how muchsoever it may be of regret. It has been the one is so much interested in the proper discharge of this practice, when ships of war were to be laid up in ordina-duty; no one will perform it so well. ry, to place them under the general superintendence of It has been usual to discharge seamen at some foreign the Commandant of the yard, whose avocations bave been port, whenever the period of their enlistment expired, 80 multiplied by the Department, tbat he has but little or to pay the expenses of their return to the United States. time to devote to this duty. Thus, they remain exposed Both these plans are objectionable; the first, because it to the wasting ageccies of the seasons, rain, and sunshine : often leaves the seaman n wanderer on a foreigo sbore, and to all other causes which favor the decomposition of where be either must suffer from want, or go into the the materials of which tbey have been built. This sud- service of other nations ; thereby diminishing the number den destruction of a fabric, upon the construction of which of this useful body of men, or inflicting a heavy burden so much skill has been exercised, so much money expend- upon the funds provided for the support of the Navy: To ed, and upon the preservation of which so much of the guard against both these inconveniences, the practice is commercial and national security depends, cannot but de proposed to be adopted, of making the cruises of the mand that immediate and effectual means be adopted to ships of war shorter than bas been customary, and enarrest its progress. The impolicy of cutting down the listing the crews for such a term as certainly to allow of best timber in the country, and converting it into ships, their return to the United States before the expiration of which are to be subjected to this process of rapid destruc- the period of enlistment. tion, would seem to be too glaring not to have been po- The Navy Yards established and now is operation in ticed, and too ruinously wasteful not to have been discon- the United States, are located at the following places : tinued as soon as perceived. Within the last few years, Portsmouth, New Hampshire ; Brooklyn, New York : Pep. the vessels which were in preparation on the stocks bave sacola, Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, and Norfolk. been allowed to remain, under the protection of houses There is scarcely any part of the expenditure for the eserected over them. In the freport, market C, the Com- tablishment of a Navy which has contributed so much to missioners have offered suggestions as to the measures exhaust the general fund intended for its support, as that Degessary for preventing the progress of all evil which which has been applied to objects connected with the threatens to render abortive all the efforts of the Nation building and maintaining of Navy Yards. It appears from for the establishment of an effective daval force. The the report made to Congress by the Secretary of the Na. Attention of the President is respectfully invited to this wy for 1828, that the permanent expenses under this hend, branch of the concerns of the Navy, as a matter of minor including Naval, Ordinary, Hospital, and Civil, amount, importance to no one which can be presented for his con- appually, to $268,744. The great expense incurred in sideration.
the support of these numerous establishments, makes it In addition to the measures proposed by the Commis- proper to inquire, whether it may not be materially disioners for the accomplishment of the objects to which minished by a reduction of their number, without affecttheir report refers, it is proper that some remarks being, injuriously, other important interests of the Navy. offered on points connected with this subject and on the opinion entertained by those most conversant with such which their opinions were not required to be expressed. subjects, seems to be, that the number now in operation It is believed that the true policy of the Government will is greater than the public service demands ; that a reducbe to discontinue, for the present, the building of ships of tion of them would effect an important diminution of ex: war, uples for some specific object, or immediate emer- penditure ; and that, by concentrating the means and genoy ; to provide for the thorough repair of the ships in materials for building, 'repairing, &c. at two or three ordinary ; for the erection of the necessary sheds for their points most favorable for buch purposes, it would tend protection : and for the establishment of a police at each greatly to promote the general objects of these estabof the naval stations, to superintend and enforce the em- lishments. ployment of the means recommended by the Board of Na- The Commissioners of the Navy Board vere directed, vy Commissioners for their preservation ; and such other on their lato visit of inspection into the condition of the
SEN. AND H. oF REPs.] Documents accompanying the President's Message. [21st Cong. 1st SESS. Navy Yards, to examine them with a view to this reduc- in the enforcement of the Revenue Laws, and if competent tion of their number, and to ascertaio, as far as practica- officers were attached to them, afford facilities for the colble, whether there may not be selected, on the numerous lection of materials for charts of these hitherto almost unbays and barbors of the United States, other sites, em explored coasts. bracing greater facilities and advantages than those which Sundry testimonials have been presented to the Dehave heretofore been employed for those objecte. partment (see copies and extracts marked E) showing
The report made by the Board, marked "o, is berewith that canvass made of cotton, had been successfully emtransmitted. It affords much interesting information on ployed in the merchant service of this and other countries, the points referred to them, and connected therewith, and and partially in the Navy; all favoring the presumption, is especially entitled to commendation for the independence that ibis article might be advantageously used in the Naof its views on a subject which, from its effects on local vy of the United States. It was determined, therefore, that interests, is calculated to excite local jealousy and opposi- some experiments should be made to test the accuracy of tion. The document is earnestly recommended to your these statements
. The execution of this duty has, for the consideration,
present, been committed to the superintendence of ComVarious representations have been made to the Depart. modore Elliott, and the experiments are now in progress. ment, of the advantages offered by the harbors of the small Sume trials will, also, be made of cordage prepared from keys in the gulf of Mexico, called the “Dry Tortugas." this material. as a Naval rendezvous and depot of supplies. Should It is also proposed to institute a course of experiments these represeаtations be correct, and the barbor found on the canvas and cordage made of American water rotsusceptible of defence, the importance of the position ted hemp, which has been represented as possessing durawould be equal to that of any other on the Southern bility and strength at least equal to the same qualities of coasts. In the month of May last, Commodores Rodgers the imported article. The importance of being relieved and Patterson were instructed to visit them, and make from a dependence on foreign supply, for materials essensuch general examination as would lead to a just estimate tial to the very existence of a Navy, justifies a full and deof their value and aptitude for the purposes contemplated cided trial of the products of our own country. This service was performed by Commodore Rodgers- The practice has, for some years past, prevailed in the Commodore Patterson having unfortunately been prevent Department, to make allowances, or extra compensation, ed by disease contracted on the journey, from joining in to officers who have been required to perform services not the examination.
strictly within the line of their professional duty. The report inade by Commodore Rodgers, marked D, It is presumed that this practice had its origin in the is berewith transmitted. The result of his observations belief, that the compensation allowed these officers was WAS so favorable as to justify a full and minute survey. insufficient for their necessary support and an inadequate Accordingly, Lieutenants Tatnall and Gedoey, experi- return for their merits and services. Congress has not enced officers, and well qualified for this service, were only yielded to, but indirectly sanctioned, the procedure, ordered to repair to the point designated, and bave for by adopting estimates for the appropriations founded on some weeks been engaged in the performance of this du- these anticipated allowances; and the officers themselves ty. Their return is daily expected; and, when the infor- pow view it as a source of emolument, which ought not to mation obtained by them shall have been received, it will be denied to them. This state of things is irregular and be duly presented to your notice.
unequal in its operation, and not a little embarrassing to The value of the Live Oak growing on the public lands, the officer having the administration of the Department on the Southern coasts of the United States, as a source if the compensation now allowed by law is too small, it of supply of the best timber for the purposes of the Navy, should be increased; but let it be fixed, and not left has been long properly estimated by the public, and vari- to be dispensed at the pleasure, or by the favoritism of ous laws have been enacted by Congress with a view to its any one. preservation. This has been found to be a task of po or- The compensation pow made to the officers of the dinary difficulty. The great value of this material for the higher grades in the Navy, is probably far below what building of vessels of every description, and the high esti- their distinguished talents and services entitle them to remation in which it is held, make it an object of pillage to the ceive; and compared with the amount given to officers of unprincipled of all nations ; nod this is not likely to be re- the same or correspondent rank in the Army, is remarkstrained but by the adoption of measures more coercive in able for its inequality and insufficiency. Annexed is an their character than those which have been hitherto em- Exhibit, marked F, of the relative rank of the two classes ployed. It has been the practice to rely on the vigilance of of officers, and of the amouut of componsation made to Agents, distributed over different districts on the coasts. each under existing laws. It is difficult to understand on These Agents have been required to guard the public in- what principle of justice, or good policy, is founded this terest, and to bring to justice such as should be found tres- difference in the compensation made to officers in the passing on its rights. Hitherto their efforts have been un- same service, and of the same established rapk. 18 not the successful. In a few instances only have the Agents been same eminent talent required the command of a squadable to detect the depredators, or obtain restitution of the ron as for the conduct of an army! An equal share of property. From the nature of the country in which this professional skill? Is the Naval Officer less exposed to timber is found it must often happen that Agents on the personal danger ! 'Is bis responsibility lighter; or are bis land can afford but a very imperfect protection against labors less arduous ? Does he contribute less to guard these violators of the public rights. The whole coast the interest or sustain the rights and honor of his country? presents a series of bays and creeks, readily accessible to The establishment of schools for the instruction of the such boats as can bring off the timber; while the adjacent junior officers of the Navy, in the various branches of scidistrict may consist of impervious forests, or morasses and epoe appertaining to their profession, has so often been swamps, which forbid the approach of a superintending recommended to the favorable consideration of Congress, force.
and has so uniformly been passed by, without obtaining It is respectfully proposed that these agencies be discon- their sanction, that it is with reluctance the subject is again tinued, and that the protection of the public interest in this introduced to their notice. A firm belief, however, that timber be confided to a marine force, adapted to the pavi- its tendency would be to qualify them for a better disgation of the bays and inlets on which it is produced. charge of the high trust, which may at some future day
Other important services might be rendered by the ves- devolve upon them, in their capacities of commanders, sels employed on this duty. They might, if required, aid forms a sufficient motive for renewing the recommenda
21st Cong. Ist Sess.) Documents accompanying the President's Message. (SEN. AND H. OF REPS. tion, and submitting some views on the subject, which Under a system of regulations which would enable the have not been so much insisted on, and which may be en. seaman to obtain bis little supplies of nautical comforts, at titled to consideration. It has been remarked by & naval rates fixed, known, and moderate, and without dread of officer of much experience and observation, that no incon imposition, the Naval service would acquire a popularity venience in the Navy is more sensibly felt than the general with them, it has never enjoyed, and the present difficulty ignorance of the officers, of foreign languages. In addi- of recruiting seamen would be diminished to an extent im. tion to which, there is often great difficulty in procuring portapt as to time and expenditure. competent and proper persons to act in our ships of war In conformity to an act of the last Session of Congress, as interpreters and linguistas por bas any allowance ever in relation to the Africans stranded on the coast of Floribeen made by Congress for the pay and subsistence of da, a vessel was chartered, and bas sailed with them for such persons. The perplexities and disadvantages under Liberia, with the exception of two, who were unavoidably which our officers are placed by these circumstances, may detained by sickness. They were placed under the di: readily be conceived. They are brought in contact during rection of an Agent and an Assistant Surgeon of the Navy, their cruises, with nations speaking different languages; with a liberal supply of hospital and other stores. An subject to be drawn into correspondence with the author. effort was made to send to their native country, by the ities of different places; under the necessity often to board same vessel, two Africans who had been introduced into vessels of other nations for the purpose of examining their | Alabama, a few years sipee: but, so strong had their atpapers and documents; and often without the ability to tachment become to this country, that they availed themunderstand their import and tendency. In time of war selves of an opportunity, while preparing for the voyage, valuable prizes are lost from av ipability to translate their to make their escape : since which time they have not Papers, and to detect covered property and simulated doc- been recovered by the Agent of the Government. No uments; unnecessary and illegal detentions of vessels are cases of importation of this description of persons bave made, and consequent damages obtained from the Govo come to the knowledge of the Department withio ibe ernment.
present year. The schools which have been employed at New York It may be proper to remark that drafts have been lately and Norfolk, in the instruction of midshipmen in the ele- presented by the Agent at Liberia, for the purchase of mentary branches of mathematics, have been mere tempor munitions of war to enable the Colouists to defend themrary arrangements made by the Department, and have selves against the attacks of the neighboring tribes, with never been fustered or recognized by law. Their intro which they were threatened. These claims were rejectduction into use has not been effected by means very reg. ed, on the ground that no law was known to exist which ular or direct, but they have been tolerated by Govern authorized their payment, or which justified ady expendment, having been found useful, not withstanding the very iture beyond a temporary support to the restored caplimited range of instruction afforded by them. It is re- tives, spectfully proposed, that, until some better system can be The present confused and unsettled condition of the matured, these schools be authorized by law; and that fiscal concerns of the Navy Department, makes it proper such appropriation be made for their exiension and rup that the subject be brought to the notice of Congress : port as will enable the young officers to acquire a know. since, it is believed, their interposition alone can lead to ledge of such foreign languages as inay be important an equitable and fival adjustment. In the month of March for them to possess in the future pursuit of their profession. last, when it was discovered that these derangements in
The laws relating to Pursers in the Navy are believed to the finances existed, reference was made to the Board of be defective in some of their provisions. At present, Navy Commissioners, for such explanations as they might they do not provide a limitation to the periods of beir be enabled to give. Their communication in reply accontinuance in office, nor for the renewal of their official companies this report, marked G. From a desire to prebonds. Many advantages would probably, resolt from sent such a minute and detailed information on this subject their being appoiuted for stated periods, and made to re- as may be necessary for its proper illustration, the Fourth pew their bouds, as is now required of Navy Agents, Col- Auditor of the Treasury was requested by letter. (copy of lectors of the Customs, &c.
which is annexed, marked H) to report on the present The mode of compensating them is not euch as to lead condition of the accounts of his office, showing the probable to a correct discharge of their duties; por such as is like origin of these embarrassments, and to suggest such mealy to advance the public interests. The profits of these sures as he might think necessary to correct the evil. His officers arise, principally, from a per centage, which they answer is apvexed, marked I. are authorized to charge on the articles they sell to the The vacancy created in the command of the Navy Yard crews of ships. A part of these is furnished from tbe at Washington, by the death of the venerable and highly stores of the Goverament, and the remainder by an ad. esteemed Commodore Tingey, in February last, has been vance made to them, to be sold at their risk, and for their supplied by the appointment of Commodore Isaac Hull. owo advantage. The temptation to increase their profits In April, this officer commenced the discharge of the duby improper demands upon a class of persons little quali- ties of the station, and bas since, by great industry and jufied to detect imposition, may sometimes be difficult to dicious arrangement, reduced tbe chaos of materials acbe resisted, and ought not to be presented to them. When cumulated there to good order, and introduced a system their dealings are conducted upon principles of the ut- of discipline and economy favorable to the general operamost fairness, the income of pursers, in ships of the largest tions of the establishment. class, amounts to two or three times the compensation of the The laws concerning the Marine Corps, and the act of commander—an extent of remuneration which their ser- 1800, establishing regulations for the government of the vices canoot merit, and which is the more odious, when Navy, are recommended for revision. The papers marked it is known to be drawn from the pockets of men, who, K and L, contain the estimates for the Navy and Marine of all others in the employ of Government, earn their Corps : those marked M, N, O, are lists of deaths, disscanty wages with the most unremitted toil, and inces- missals, and resignations. sant persooal danger.
The appual report of the Navy Pension and Hospital lo lieu of their present emoluments, it is proposed that Funds, &c, will be presented at the usual time. they receive an appual salary, varied according to the re- The act of Congress authorizing the establishment of sponsibility imposed on them, by having a larger or small the Board of Navy Commissioners, appears to have been er amount of stock entrusted to their care, and the degree designed to provide auxiliaries to the Secretary of the of labor required for its disposition and preservation, Navy in the discharge of the ministerial duties of the De
partment. This body was required to be selected from by act of Congress, to cause the mail to be carried once amongst the most experieuced of the naval commanders, a week to all the post offices ; and, by the same act, be to whom a knowledge of those duties was presumed to be was authorized to make provision for the transmission of familiar, and by whom they might be expected to be most newspapers by mail, correctly discharged.
When the Federal Government was organized wder The subjects placed under the superintendence of the the present Constitution, in 1789, the Post Office estabBoard, by this distribution of the duties of the Depart-lishment was revised and perpetuated. There were then, ment, are pumerous, and of almost unlimited variety. and to the close of 1790, only seventy-five Post Offices in
It may be justly questioned, whether the present or the United States : and the extent of Post Roads in the ganization of this body is such as to secure the necessary United States amounted to 1,876 miles. Now, the vumber attention to the diversified subjects placed under its di- of Post Offices is eight thousand and four, and the Post rection, and whether a judicious division of its duties Roads amount to 115,000 miles. would not facilitate the proper execution of the objects The first line of mail coaches in the United States was proposed by the institution of this branch of the Depart- established in pursuance of an act of Congreso, passed mente
September 7, 1785, extending from Portsmouth, iv New Respectful reference is made to a communication from Hampshire, to Savannah, it Georgia. The transportation the Navy Board, in answer to inquiries having relation to of the mail, in coaches, amounts, at this time, to 6,607,818 this subject, herewith transmitted, marked P.
miles in one year, and from the first of January dext, it The present Naval Corps of the United States is believ. will be increased to 6,785,810 miles. The whole yearly ed to be more numerous than is required for the wants of transportation of the mail
, in coaches, sulkies, and on horsethe service, and more than can be advantageously em back, amounts to about 18,700,000 miles. ployed, with reference to their own advancement in the The whole amount of postages (the only source of rekuowledge and practice of their profession.
venue to the Department) from 1789 to July 1, 1829, " There can be po national establishment," says a dis- was
$26,441,496 tinguished Naval character, " like that of the Navy of the The whole expenses of the Department, United States, which will not, in the course of years, re- during the same period, were as folceive into its ranks some who are illy calculated to uphold
low : its character, much less to contribute thereto by their ta- Compensation to Postmasters 7,329,926 lents and subordination."
896,967 * There may exist, also, some who, when received into Transportation of the mail 16,062,618 the service, were calculated to become its ordaments, but
24,779,405 who may, through various concurring causes, bare dege. Derated into a reproach. Happily for this institution, the Leaving an aggregate amount of revenue of 1,662.091 Government retains in its hands the corrective for any de- The revenue of the Department is accounted for, as fects in the corps."
follows : "It is now twenty-eight years since a judicious propiog Amount of the several payments into the Treasury, was given to the Navy; a period sufficient to admit some from 1789 to 1828
1,103,063 useless suckers to repose under the shade of its virtues Amount of the losses in the transmission and its valor. The time would, therefore, seem to have of moveys during the same period
17,848 arrived to correct some of the evils of the service by a Balance, as exhibited on the Books of the peace establishment; and which it would go far to effect, Department, on the 1st of July, 1829,
641,680 by ridding it of the useless and insubordinate portion of its materials. The remainder would be preserved in more
1,662,091 correet views of the service, and their management be- From this statement, it appears that the Department come more easy to the Executive Department."
has always been sustained by its own resources, and that If, in pruning these excrescences from the too luxuriant no money bas, at any time, been drawn from the Treasury growth of the Navy, some branches should be lopped off, for the transportation of the mails ; but that it has contriwhich, in their day, have borne good fruit, let it be remeni- buted to the revenue of the
Government. bered that the Navy pension fund, with its ample stores, The sums paid into the Treasury, by the different Postis open for their sustenance and support; and, it may be masters-General, are as follows: Budded, that the Navy Asylum on the Schuylkill
, is now By Timothy Pickering, from December, 1798, so bear its completion as to promise at an early day to to March, 1796,
47,499 afford a permanent and comfortable residence to its dis- By Joseph Habersbam, from Juve, 1796, to abled founders, and to such as, though pot disabled, may September, 1801,
= 363,810 have merited, by their bravery, or long and faithful servi- By Gideon Granger, from December, 1801, to ces, the gratitude of their country.
+291,579 All which is respectfully submitted.
By Return J. Meigs, from March, 1814, to June,
By John McLean, from July, 1828, to DecemREPORT OF THE POSTMASTER GENERAL. ber, 1828,
18,466 Post OFFICE DEPARTMENT,
Making together the foregoing sum of 1,108,068 24th November, 1828.
The balance, of 641,680, exhibited by the books of this
Department, on the 1st of July, 1829, covers all the To the President of the United States :
balances due from Postmasters and others, of every deStr: I bave the bonor to submit the following report scription, which have been accumulating for forty years, of the state of this Department:
including those of the most doubtful, and many of a desThe General Post Office was established July 26, 1776. perate character. The Report of the late PostmasterThere was then but one line of posts, extending from Fal. General exhibited a balance of 382,106 10, as the amount mouth, in New England, to Savannah, in Georgia ; and of available funds at the disposition of the Department, on the Post Master General was authorized to establish such the 1st of July, 1828. The amount exhibited by the éross post roads as he should think proper.
books of the Department on that day, is 616,394 ; from • In October, 1782, the Post Master General was required, I which it appears that the sum of 284,289, of old balances
21st Cong. 1st Sess.]
Documents accompanying the President's Message.
(SEN. AND H. OF REPS,
was estimated to be either desperate, or of so uncertain It appears, therefore, that the funds of the Department ! a character
, as that no reliance could be bad upon any suffered a diminution, from July 1, 1828, to July 1, 1829, part of it: and it is believed, from examination, that this of $101,256 03.
1 estimate did not essentially vary from what will prove to In this result, all the collections made of former debts, i have been the actual amount of losses from 1789 to 1828 : as well as all losses ascertained within the year, are comTo the above amount of $284,289 prebended.
1 Must be added this aum, due for postages prior
The expense for transporting the mail, by reason of the to July 1, 1828, wbich is since found to be des
increased facilities contracted for, before the commence perate,
22,235 ment of the present year, from January 1 to July 1, 1829, Counterfeit money found on hand, $2,634
exceeded the expense for transportation during the correNotes of broken Banke,
spondiog period of the preceding year, $67,333, and the 4,306 expenditures of the Department for the same period, being
the first balf the current year, bad there been no increase Making, together, the total amount of losses by of postages, would have exceeded its revenue 68,681, equal bad debts and bad money,
310,830 to $137,362, for the year.
The actual excess of expedWhich sum, deducted from the above-mention- diture, however, owing to the increase of revenue for ed balance of
641,680 the half year ending July 1, 1829, amounts to but $49,
778 55. Leaves the actual balance, on the 1st of July,
When I entered upon the duties of the Department, on 1829,
$230,850 the 6th of April last, I found the contracts had been made, The fractions in this statement being omitted. and the responsibilities of the Department incurred, for The amount of moneys on hand, and due from Post- the whole of the current year, and from one to four years
masters, including judgments obtained on old accounts, in prospect, in the most expensive sections of the country. was reported by the late Postmaster General to be, on It appeared necessary, therefore, to direct the energies the 1st day of July, 1827,
$370,033 37 of the Department principally to the great object of susHe also reported an excess of expenditures
taining its operations, in the engagements which it bad albeyond the amount of receipts for the year
ready contracted, by its own resources. This could be ending the 1st of July, 1828, of
37,928 29 effected only by enforcing a strict observance of tbe law
on the part of Postmasters, in preventing, so far as prac Leaving a balance of moneys on band, and due
ticable, all abuses, and in accounting, regularly and from Postmasters, including judgments ob
promptly, for all the moneys coming into their hands; by tained on old accounts, on the 1st of July,
guarding against all further increase of expense, except 1828, of
$332,105 10 in cases absolutely demanded by the public interest; and The amount of postages
by instituting such checks and responsibilities in the mode from July, 1, 1828, to July
of transacting the business of the Department, as to secure 1, 1829, is found to be $1,707,418 42
more effectually, a proper application of its funds, and to The expenditures of the
prevent in all cases, a diversion of any part of them from Department for the same
their legitimate objects. period are as follows:
To correct abuses in the privilege of franking, which Compensation to
had prevailed to a considerable extent, and to prevent Postmasters $569,237 28
others, which were beginning to show themselves, it was Transportation
thought expedient to issue a circular to Postmasters, callof the Mail 1,153,646 21
ing their special attention to the subject, and enjoining reIncidental ex
Dewed vigilance and energy on their part. This circular, penses, 69,249 08
bearing date the 18th of May last, has not been without its 1,782,132 67
effect. The postages accounted for by Postmasters are
accumulativg in an increased ratio, which promises advanSbowing, in the amount of
tageous results. The proceeds of postages for the quarter expenditures from July
ending June 30, 1829, exceed the amount for the corres1, 1828, to July 1, 1829,
ponding quarter of 1828, by $30,376 59. The accounts for an excess beyond the
the quarter ending the 30th of September last, are not all amount of revenue, ad
examined, but so far as the examination has proceeded, it mitting that every cent
promises a proportionate increase. of postage of the last
The contracts for transporting the mail in the States of year shall be collected, of $74,714 15
Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Tennessee, Alabama, MississipAdd amount of
pi, and Louisiana, and the Territory of Arkansas, constitutbad debts, as
ing.ope section, will expire with the current year. The before men
rapid increase of population and of business in those seetioned $22,235 50
tions of country required considerable improvements in the And amount of
frequency, the celerity, and the imode of transporting the 4,306 38
mail on the leading routes, for which provision has been 26,641 88
made in the renewal of the contracts. $101,266 08 The mail communication between New Orleans and the
Seat' of the General Government, by way of Mobile and Leaving the true balance of available funds
Montgomery, in Alabama, and Augusta, in Georgia, will, at the disposal of the Department, on the
from the commencement of the ensuing year, be effected 1st of July, 1829, provided no farther losses
three times a week, affording comfortable conveyances for shall be sustained in the collection, viz:
travellers, and the whole trip performed in the period of Cash ip deposit
two weeks, each way, through the capitals of Virginia, Balances due from Postmasters
North Carolioa, South Carolina and Georgia. and others
Lines of four-horse post coaches will also be establish$230,846 07 ed, from the first day of January next, to run three times
a week, both ways, between Nashville and Memphis, in