Imagens das páginas

SEN. AND H. or REPs.] Documents accompanying the President's Message. (21st Cong. 1st SESS.

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Tennessee. This improvement was deemed important to received and disbursed by one of the Assistants, while the I keep a regular and certain intercourse between the Postmaster General was held responsible in law, for their

Western States and New Orleans-Memphis being a point proper application. The Assistant bad it in his power at on the Mississippi to which steamboats can come at all all times to withdraw, or furnish for the use of others, the seasons of the year: it being contemplated to extend this funds of the Department, to a large amount, without the

line to New Orleans by steamboats, as as the means knowled of its head or of aby other person attached to it. 1 of the Department will justify, and the public interest There was vo check upon any such transactions, nor any

sball require it. To give greater utility to this improve thing connected with the system calculated to bring them ment, a weekly line of coaches will also be established at to light. The Assistant made deposits of part of the funds the same time, from Florence, in Alabama, (where it will in different banks, subject to bis individual checks; and re

connect with the line from Huntsville,) to Bolivarin tained a part in his own hands, but to what amount is not 1 Teonessee, at which point it will form a junction with shown by any document or record in the Department. On the line from Nashville to Memphis.

the change of the system, there was found in an iron coffer, Such improvements are also provided in the transporta in bis possession, the sum of $19,876, 89, consisting of $1994 ▸tion of the mail through Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri, as in specie, and $19,857 794 in bapk notes, certificates, and

that the lines of stages three times a week between Louis- checks. Of this sum $2,633 76 were found to be counville, in Kentucky, and St. Louis, in Missouri, will con- terfeit, and $1,672 62 were in notes of broken banks, nect the correspondence and the travelling in a period of and of do value. A part of the remainder is of very two days less than the time now occupied ; and continue doubtful character. Such as was not ascertained to be the line to Fayette, beyond the centre of Missouri

, within good, bas been sent to the different States from wbich it the same time which is now allowed for reaching St. Louis. issued, for the purpose of determining its value, and ren. A weekly line of stages will also go into operation on the dering it available; but what proportion of it will be first of January next, from Fayette to Independence, bear found worthless or depreciated is not yet learned. the western boundary of that State.

The necessity of an entire change in the mode of conThese, with other improvements provided for by the ducting this business was most obvious. contracts which have just been made, will add 277,992 Directions have been given, that the money approprimiles to the annual transportation of the mail in stages. ated by law for the payment of salaries shall never be

Notwithstanding the increased expense wbich these united with the funds of the Department, but that it shall

additional services would require, the new contracts have be drawn by an agent appointed for that purpose, and i been made, including all the improvements, for $19,195 37 applied directly to the object for which it is appropriated ; ! per annum less than the sum paid under the expiring con 80 that the persons receiving it sball bave no accounts

tracts for the transportation of the mail in that section. The opened on the books of the Department. This will efadvantageous terms of these contracts will effect a saving fectually prevent advances and over payments, on that to the Department of about twenty-five per cent. in pro- bead, in future. portion to the services to be performed.

It was important to devise a system by which no moneys On entering the Department, my attention was, at an should be received, or disbursed, or in any manner come early day, drawn to the manner in which its funds were within the control of any one individual; but that all moneys received and disbursed. Circumstances transpired at the should be paid into the Department by certificates of devery threshold of this inquiry, which indicated a loose posite in banks, and that nothing could be drawn from such ness and irresponsibility entirely incompatible with that deposites, not even by the bead of the Department, withsystem which ought to characterize every branch of the out the sigpature of two distinct officers of the Department, public service. Moneys bad been advanced to different each acting independently of the other, and both certifying persons contrary to law; and persons in the immediate to the correctness of the act. Also, that the transfer of employment of the Department, who receive stipulated moneys from Postmasters to Contractors should be subsalaries, defined and appropriated by law, had received ject to the same guard, and require, in like manner, the moneys in advance from the funds of the Department, be investigation and signature of two distinct officers of the yond the allowances so provided, and wbich had not been Department. It was likewise necessary that the system appropriated. There stands at this day, on the books of should embrace a rule which should require Postmasters the Department, a balance of $2,164 16, for moneys for- to account promptly for the proceeds of their offices, and merly advanced out of the funds of the Department be prevent an accumulation of postage in their hands. This yond the compensation provided by law, to different has been done; and it is believed that the moueys of this officers and clerks who had been employed, but who have Department are now as effectually protected as those of left the service : the greater part of which will probably any other Department in the Government. never be collected. A considerable number of accounts The observance of the system which has been adopted, stand open against other individuals for moneys advanced, will require additional labor, but it is deemed essential to some of whom are now unknown to the Department. An the security and prosperity of this Departments act of Congress of April 21, 1806, appropriated $6,400 I bave the honor to be, with great regard, your obedifor repairing the road from Athens on the route to New ent servant, .

W. T. BARRY. Orleans, and $6,000 for the road between Nashville and Natchez, to be expended under the direction of the Pre REPORT OF THE CHIEF, ENGINEER. sident, who designated the Postmaster Geveral to carry the law into effect. The moneys appropriated were mio


gled with the general fuods of the Department, out of which the expenses of the road were defrayed; and there

Washington, 18th November, 1829. are now standing on the books of the office, a balance of Hon. JOHN H. Eaton, Secretary of War: $1,405 67 agaiust the first, and against the other of these Sir: ln obedience to your instructions of the 12th roads a balance of $1,946 65, making together the sum September, I have the honor to report the progress of of $3,352 32, on account of moneys advanced by the De- an the operations under the Engineer Department during partment, and for which it is still accountable as so much the year ending the 30th September, 1829, and to premoney in hand, though these accounts originated twenty- sent an estimate of the funds wbich will be required for three years since. These facts evinced a radical defect in their prosecution during the ensuing year. This report is the system of financial operations of the Department. also a companied by two statements, marked A and B,

It appeared that all the funds of the Department were of which the first is an exhibit of the fiscal concerns of

21st Cong. 1st Sess.] Documents uccompanying the President's Message. (SEN. AND H. OF REPS. the department during the past year, showing the amount cover that tier. The amount estimated for the next year, of funds appropriated for each work, the amount drawn is therefore intended to be applied principally to constructfrom the Treasury and remitted to the disbursing officers, ing the outworks on the front of attack. and the amount of accounts rendered and settled witbin 7. Fort Calhoun, Hampton Roads, Virginia. The ex the same period: the second statement shows the fortifi- tent of operations on this work has corresponded with cations not yet commenced, for which plans have been what was contemplated at the beginning of the season. prepared; arranged in the order in which it is recommend. No contracts have been made for the supplies of ed that the works be commenced.

materials, during the past year, at the works in Hamp The operations under this department, during the year, ton Roads, but they have been obtained by purchase in have been as follows:

open market; the supplies have been, except in the artiI. FORTIFICATIONS.

cle of freestone before mentioned, very abundant, and of

superior quality; they have been obtained principally 1. Sea wall for the protection of George's Island, Boston from the country bordering on the waters of the ChesaHarbor, Massachuselts.--This work, the object of which is peake. to preserve an important site for one of the defences 8. Fort Macon, Beaufort, North Carolina. The proof Boston Harbor, has been completed, and a small ba- gress of operations on this work has not been so great as lance of the appropriation remains unexpended, wbich was expected, owing, as the superintending engineer rethe agent has been instructed to retain in his bands, in presents, to difficulties wbich bave arisen in procuring a order to apply it, if necessary, in the Spring, to the re- sufficient supply of bricks of a suitable quality; and this pair of any injury which the masonry may sustain in con- being the chief material used in the construction, the work sequence of the violent storms to which that part of the has been pecessarily retarded. It is hoped that arrangecoast is liable in the Winter, as well as to give additional ments will soon be made to obviate any further difficulty strength to those parts of the construction which may be on this subject. found to require it

9. Fort at Oak Island, North Carolina.-During the 2. Fort Adams, Newport, Rhode Island. The progress past year, the construction of this work bas been continued of operations on this work has been as great as the amount in a satisfactory manner, and a great portion of its masonry of the appropriation for the year would permit; the funds is now completed. bave been applied in the most efficient manner, and the 10. Fortifications in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. materials and workmanship are of an excellent character. -As contemplated at the time of my last annual report, An abundant supply of materials is obtained from Rhode an officer of engineers was assigned last winter to the Island and the peighboring States.

Cbarleston station : he has been, as yet, chiefly occupied 3. Fort Hamilton, New Utrecht Point, New York. The with the preparatory arrangements for the construction of materials used in the coustruction of this work, are chiefly a fort on the shoal opposite to Fort Moultrie. The work obtained from the Southern part of the State of New has been traced out, and preparations made at Fort Joba

York; the supply is abundant, and the quality, both of son, on James's Island, for receiving materials and quarmaterials and workmanship, very good; the progress made tering the persons to be employed. A contract has been in the coustruction has been such that the completion of made for the delivery of 30,000 tons of stone for the founthe work may be expected during the next year, and the dation of the new fort, and active operatious will be forthestimate is founded on that expectation.

with commenced. 4 Repairs of Fort Lafayette, Narrows, New York. As Castle Pinckney enters into the system of defences Some difficulty was experienced in obtaining a sufficient projected for Charleston Harbor, the Superintending Ennumber of workmen to carry on these repairs at the same gineer bas been instructed to put it into a state of thorough time with the construction of Fort Hamilton, owing partly repair, agreeably to a project approved by the Departalso to the unhealthiness of the situation during the Sum- ment. The cost of the repairs will be about 10,000 dolmer, which deters workmen who can find advantageous lars. In addition to the funds now available for fortificaemployment elsewhere. Notwithstanding these disadvan- tions in Charleston Harbor, the sum of 25,000 dollars is tages, much work has been done, and the repairs will pro- estimated for, in order to enable the Superintending Enbably be completed this Winter, or early in the Spring; gineer to take advantage of all the facilities that may be the funds available are ample for this purpose.

presented by transient vessels, for obtaining a further sup6. Repairs of Fort Delaware, Delaware River. A con- ply of stone on the most reasonable terms. siderable part of the working season bad elapsed, before 11. Fort on Cockspur Island, Savannah River, Georgia. an officer became disposable for this work; and that cir- -The operations on this work have also been chiefly of a cumstance, combined with the sickness which prevailed at preparatory nature, such as an examination of the site, Fort Delaware during the Summer, has prevented the laying out the work, the construction of the wharves and completion of the repairs this season, but they will be in temporary, quarters, and the excavation of a short cabal to a great measure finished by the close of the year. The facilitate the delivery of materials. The small sam requiwork consists principally of repairs to the embankments red for the next year, is to be applied to the purchase of and wharves, necessary for the protection of the island, and the site which could not be concluded, for want of the for the service of the garrison.

special authority required by law in such cases. 6. Fort Monroe, Old Point Comfort, Virginia.--The 12. Fort at Santa Rosa Island, Pensacola Bay, Florida. masonry of the body of this work is nearly completed, -For the same reason which delayed the commenceand would have been closed, but for a failure in the sup- ment of operations on the two last mentioned worke, viz: ply of freestone, owing to the death of the person who the want of disposable officers, a considergble time elaphad engaged to furnish it; 60,000 cubic yards of earth sed, after the appropriation for this fort was made, before have been placed in the embankments, which will be dear- the officer charged with its construction could repair to ly completed to the extent at present contemplated, dur- bis post. Preparatory arrangements were commenced in ing the ensuing Winter. In order that the masonry November last; and in June, the excavations were begun. of the revetments may have time to consolidate Since that time, the work has been prosecuted with great before it is subjected to great pressure, occasioned activity, and to the entire satisfaction of the partby embankments of sand, it is proposed to raise ment. The estimate for the service of this work, daring these embankments at present, only to the level of the the ensuing year, is rather greater than usual; the reasons terre plein which is to receive the upper tier of guds, for which are, that, as a general rule, the construction I leaving for a future time the formation of the parapet to 'of such works can be carried on with more economy

SEN, AND H. or REPs.) Documents accompanying the President's Message. [21st Cong. 1st Sess. = when cireumstances will permit of its being done in a and represent the importance of early appropriations, in

short period; and in case of works on our Southern fron- securing the most efficient and economical application of tier, such is the mildness of the clinate, that, where the the fuuds for public works. This remark applies with

site is sufficiently bealthy, the operations are uninterrupt- peculiar force to the works situated in the Southeru reIed during the year, and the

facilities for applying a large gion of our country, where the Winter season, the most eum are consequently very great. In addition to this con- favorable, and, in some instances, the only one in which sideration, it is also urged that, in justice to the officers the work of construction can be carried on, is frequently and other persons employed on the coustruction of these lost, in consequence of the appropriations being mada works, they should be completed as rapidly as possible : at a late period of the session of Congress. To obaviate for, even in situations comparatively healthy, many of this inconvenience, as far as practicable, this year, with them, being necessarily not inured to the climate, con- regard to Fort Jackson, it was suggested that a portion of traet diseases which, if not fatal, produce an effect on their the contingent fund for fortifications should be applied to constitutions which may never be removed. The loss of the service of that work, that the engineer might make valuable lives, which the corps cannot cense to regret, immediate engagements for the purchase and delivery of bears testimony to the truth of this remark, and affords materials during the Winter ; but the idea was dbandoned the strongest argument in support of the principle pro- in consequence of the opinion of the President, that such posed to be adopted.

an application of the fund was unauthorized by law, and 13. Fort at Mobile Point, Alabama.—The memoir ex- that it would be better to defer the completion of the fort planatory of the progress of this work, during the past for another year. year, has not yet been received; but, op reference to the 16. Repairs and Contingencies of Fortifications. --About annual statement, it appears that the funds advanced have one-third only of this appropriation has been drawn from been applied agreeably to the project offered at the com- the Treasury; that sum has been applied chiefly to the meneement of the year.

paymeut of a small arrearage due at Fort Delaware ; to 14 Tower at Bayou Dupré, Louisiana. A contract has repuirs at Fort Columbus, New York; Fort M'Henry and been made for the construction of this work, wbich is Fort Washington, Maryland; and Fort Moultrie, South now in progress, under the direction of an officer of engi- Carolina ; to the completion of a cistern at Fort Monroe ; neers, and will probably be completed during the ensuing to the service of fortifications on the Gulf of Mexico; to Winter.

defraying expenses of the Board of Engineers for fortifi15. Fort Jackson, Plaquemine Bend, Louisiana.At cations ; and the expenses incidental to a resolution of the the date of my last annual report, it was supposed that no Senate, relative to the examination of certain sites for an additional appropriation would be required for the com- armory on the Western Waters. pletion of this work, and consequently dove was made for

II. CIVIL CONSTRUCTIONS. the year 1829. The following extracts from the annual memoir of the Superintending Engineer, will explain the 1. Pier at La Plaisance Bay, Michigan Territory. The causes which have defeated this expectation, and made it construction of this pier was completed on the 30th necessary to ask for the further sum introduced into the September, with the exception of a part of the planking, estimate for next year.

which will be finished as soon as the materials can be ob" Many causes have tended to lead me from a correct tained from the mills. estimate, particularly in the article of bricks. They have 2. Huron River, Ohio. One of the piers intended to varied in size, from 64 to 76 cubic inches; and, of these form a channel at the entrance of this river, has been exdifferent sizes, millions have been received from year to tended to the length contemplated, and the other requires year. No correct idea was therefore formed of the total an addition of 150 yards of pier work to complete it. A number required, as has proved to be the case; por could a small additional sum is required for planking and raising uniformity, in size have been secured, owing to the inequa. these piers in some parts, where the action of the current lity of sbriukage of the clay of which they are made. *at has caused them to settle. all the Northern Atlantic ports, from whence they are 3. Black River, Ohio.-As stated in the last annual Re drawn, the size of the mould was made uniform ; this, port, the works for removing the sand-bar at the entrance however, did not secure the desired result.

of this river, were commenced in the autumn of 1828, "Another cause was the impracticability of ascertaining since which time satisfactory progress has been made in the number of this material remaining on hand, at any their construction particular period—the quantities always exceeding mil 4. Cleveland Harbor, Ohio.- To the length of the piers lione, did not justify

the expense of counting them. Ano forming the entrance of this harbor, 262 yards have been ther fruitful source of error, has been the vast difference added during the past year ; the sum stated in the estiin bulk between the soil when first taken from the ditch. mate will complete the work. es, or its natural position, and after it had completely 6. Grand River, Ohio.--No funds have been appropridried, when its bulk is very materially reduced ; added to ated this year for the works at the mouth of Grand River, wbich is the settli of some inches of the whole mass a further sum is now asked for to complete them; the proof the embankmeuts, owing to the compressibility of the gress of the construction, during the last year, has been as soil beneath, in a ratio nearly equal to the shrinking of the great as the means would permit-270 yards having been earth excavated. Various other causes have tended to added to the length of the piers. The beneficial effects retard the progress of this work, as detailed from time to resulting from the works, as stated in my last annual re time in the monthly reports, and made its cost exceed any port, continue to be felt. sum I had supposed requisite. Hence, then, the necessity 6. Cunningham's Creek, Ohio.-The pier at the mouth for the present estimated amount. The inconvenience and of this creek was nearly finished on the 30th of Septemincreased expense of suspending works of this description ber, and will be completed this year. from time to time, together with the impracticability of 7. Ashtabula Creek, Ohio.---'Í'be construction of piers giviog orders for the manufacture of materials, until after at the entrance of this creek having been completed, a the appropriations are made, have been so repeatedly made safe harbor bas been formed, and the required depth over known to your Department, as to make further mention the bár 'mentioned in my last annual report, will be obof this subject unnecessary.”

tained by means of a dredging machine pow in operation. I would here respectfully call your attention more par Coneaut Creek, Ohio.-The construction of piers at the ticularly to the last paragraph jūst quoted from the 'me entrance of this creek, for which the first appropriation moir of the Superintending Eogineer at Fort Jackson, was made at the last session of Congress, was commeno

21st Cong. 1st Sess.] Documents accompanying the President's Message. (SEN. AND H. OF REPs. ed during the Summer, and has been successfully con- tide Rock” and the “Sunken Rock,” for the removal of tinued.

which, contracts were made last Winter. That for 9. PresquIsle Bay, Pennsylvania.--The works form- deepening the water on the “Supken Rock," the ing the harbor of Erie have been completed, and the smaller of the two obstructions, has been accomplished, operation is attended with complete success in forming a but the Agent has informed me that the Contractor will spacious and commodious anchorage for the largest cluss abandon the “ Half-tide Rock," being convinced that he of vessels navigating Lake Erie. Over the bar, which cannot, without loss, comply with his engagements. As had formerly but one and a half feet of water, seven feet the work is one concerning which do person in the vicinity may be pow carried, even at a lower stage of water than had any experience, but one offer was made for the con is usual in the lake, and the effect of closing the breach tract, and for the same reason do penal bond was required in the peninsula, which has been done this year, will no of the Contractor. To effect the object of removing doubt be to improve the entrance still more.

these obstructions, a further appropriation is therefore 10. Dunkirk Harbor, New York.—The pier construct. required. ed as a breakwater to secure this barbor is found to have 18. Harbor of Saco, Maine. One of the piers for the the desired effect. A small sum is introduced into the improvement of this harbor remains to be constructed, and estimate in order to enable the engineer to complete the one of those completed will require some repairs, in conseplanking of the pier, which would suffer injury from quence of injury it received from storms. It is believed being left in its present unfinished state.

that the funds now available will be sufficient for these 11. Buffalo Harbor, New York.—The balance remain- purposes, and that the works will have the desired effect ing from the appropriatiou of 1828, has been advanta- of protecting the harbor. geously applied during this year; and, to complete the 19. Kennebunk River, Maine. The pier at the enimprovement of the barbor, a further sum is vow requi- trance of this river has been completed, except a small red; as stated in the general estimate. The importauce part of the sheathing, wbich could not be done before of this barbor to the commerce and navigation of Lake the close of the working season, but will be finished early Erie is considered such as fully to justify the expense in the Spring: incurred in making it safe and easy of access.

20. Berwick Branch of Piscataqua River, Maine.-The 12. Black Rock Harbor, New York. The object of the operations for improving the navigation of this river, near appropriation made at the last session of Congress for im- Berwick, has been conducted with intelligence and sucproving the entrance to this important harbor, which cess, during the year past, and it is believed that the funds forms the Western termination of the Erie Canal

, bas available will be sufficient to complete the removal of the been in a great measure accomplished by the erection of obstructions so as to afford a navigation of six feet water suitable works, of a substantial character. For the com at mid tide, which will effect the object for which the appletion of the works which have been thus commenced, propriation was granted. the additional sum. stated in the general estimate, which

21. Merrimack River, Massachusetts. The construcfalls below the origioal estimate of their cost, is required; tion of works at the mouth of this river, for improving the and with a view to the further security of the harbor, harbor of Newburyport, was commenced last Spring, maagreeably to the plan originally contemplated, the expe- terials for the purpose baving been prepared during the diency of asking for an appropriation to construct a mole preceding Winter. These works differ from those on the on the Eastern side of the entrance; is respectfully sub. Lakes in the material circumstance of being constructed mitted.

in tide water, and hence the project was considered in a 13. Gennessee River, New York. / The construction great measure experimental.' It is not surprising, thereprovement of these two harbors was commenced during the attended with complete success. A portion of the mole last Summer, under the direction of one agent, and has across the lateral chaonel has been undermined, and swept been continued in an approved wanner as far as the funds away by the tide. Measures have been taken to repair appropriated bave availed. By the close of this year the injury sustained ; in consequence of which, an additionabout one fifth of the work at each place will have been al appropriation will be required for the completion of finished.

the work agreeably to the original design. 15. Oswego Harbor, New York. The calm season on 22. Deer Island, Boston Harbor, Massachusetts.—SatisLake Ontario has been too short to enable the contractor factory progress has been made during the past year in to complete the piers at the entrance of this harbor, and the construction of the sea wall for the preservation of the work has also sustained some damage by storins, that island. As before remarked, with respect to wbich it was necessary to repair. An inspection of the George's Island, the works in Boston Harbor are liable to works in this barbor was made last year by the Officer injury, whilst incomplete, from the effects of violent of Engineers, who surveyed the several harbors on Lake storms. Such a oue occurred on the 31st of last month, Ontario, and he recommended the construction of a pier and the action of the Sea displaced a part of the upper head as requisite for their security. The estimate for course of stone on the more exposed part of the wall, the next year embraces, therefore, three items; the first for replacing of which will cause an expense of $1,200 or indemnifying the contractor for damages sustained in $1,500. storms; the second for completing the piers; the third 23. Plymouth Beach, Massachusetts.The expendifor the pier head; which is submitted for approval. Os tures on the work for the preservation of this beach bave, wego Harbor is the outlet of a Canal which connects for two years past, been very small; about $500 having Lake Ontario with the Erie Canal of New York, and is been applied to keeping them in repair; and it is desirable therefore an important point in the navigation of the to have a small sum disposable, to be used in checking the Like.

encroachments of the sea, until, by the effect of natural 16. Sackett's Harbor, New York.- The operatious for causes, constantly operating, the work shall have acquired the improvement of this harbor were placed, in the complete permanency, Spring of this year, under charge of the Assistant Quar 24. Provincetown Harbor, Massachusetts.-The appro termaster at that post, and are now conducted suunder the priation for the preservation of the poiot of land form. direction of the Quartermaster General.

ing this harbor was first made in 1826, and reverted last 17. Lovejoy's Narrows, Kennebec River, Maine. The year to the surplus fund, in consequence of the want of obstructions to the navigation of this river at the Nar. success which attended the endeavors of the Department rows, consisted of two masses of rock, called the "Half- to procure a local agent for directing the works, and the

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Documents accompanying the President's Message.

[21st Cong. Ist Sess.

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same cause has still prevented the application of the fundment of much work previously to the 30th September which was re-appropriated at the last session of Congress. last.

25. Hyannis Harbor, Massachusetts.—The construction 37. Inland passage between the St. Mary's River, Georof the Breakwater for the protection of this harbor bas gia, and St. John's River, Florida -The operations for been continued during the year, and a sroall balance of improving this navigation have been satisfactorily carried funds is still in the bands of the agent, to be applied, dext on during the last season, and it is expected that, by the Spring, to the same object.

middle of December, they will be completed as far as the 26. Nantucket Harbor, Massachusetts. In order to try available funds will suffice for that object. The additional the experiment of opening a deeper channel over the bar sum estimated for, is intended to cover the expense of at the entrance of this harbor, å dredging macbine, with superintendence and other contingencies. the necessary apparatus, was purchased last Spring, and 38. St. Mark's River, Florida.-For wapt of a suitable advantage has been taken of all the favorable weather Agent to conduct the work for improving the navigation which bas since occurred for using it. The agent res of this river, nothing has yet been done towards that ports that the channel already excavated remains open, object. and that be has no doubts of a satisfactory result from the 39. Apalachiocola River, Florida.-On the 8d of Sepcontinuance of the operations.

tember, the Agent assigned to superintend the improve27. Edgartown Harbor, Massachusetts.-An appropria- ment of the navigation of this river reported, that, in contion was made last Spring for extending the pier on which sequence of the bigb stage of the water througbout the the light-house at the entrance of this harbor is built, and Summer, he had been unable to operate, but expected to the object has been accomplished in a satisfactory man- do so during the months of October or November. He

also states that the good effects of the work done last year 28. Warren River, Rhode Island.—The erection of a bave been sensibly felt in the navigation. pier and beacon op Allen's Rocks, in this river, has been 40. Bay of Mobile. The operation for deepening effected. The work is done in a substantial manner, and 41. Pass au Heron. these several channels of nathe expense has fallen a little short of the sum appropriat 42. Pascagoula River.) vigation is, for want of a ed for the objecte

sufficient number of officers, all placed under the charge 29. Stonington Harbor, Connecticut. The construction of the Engineer who superintends the construction of a of a Breakwater for the improvement of this harbor bas Fort at Mobile Point; the last is alone sufficient to been well conducted, and, from the protection which the occupy him very fully, and time bas, therefore, been work, even in its present unfinished state, is represented wanting for him to prepare bis Annual Reports up to to have afforded during the last equinoctial gales, the the 30th of September, and transmit them to this Debest results are anticipated from its completion.

partment. It is known, however, that a dredging ma30. Mill River, Connecticut.-A portion of the funds chine has been in operation on each channel for some time appropriated for the formation of a barbor at the mouth past. of this river, and for improving its navigation, has been 43. Red River, Louisiana and Arkansas.-Under the applied during the last season, to the construction of a direction of the commanding Engineer on the Gulf of Breakwater, and the balance will probably suffice to effect Mexico, a careful examination of the part of this river, what remains to be done next Spring, to complete the pro- which includes the Raft, was made last Summer, and a jected works.

project proposed for improving its navigation. An officer 31. 32. 33. Marcus Hook, Fort Mifflin, Port Penn, of Infantry bas been since detailed, to take charge of the Pennsylvania

operations for that purpose, which will be carried on this 34. New Castle, Delaware,

Winter. The Annual Report of the officer who superintends the 44. Mississippi River.—To conduct the operations for construction of these places has not been received, but improving the navigation of this river, with more effect, from his monthly reports of progress, it is concluded that the superintendent, Captain Henry Shreve, was authothe piers in the Delaware, at the several points, are very rized to construct a steamboat of such strength, and furnearly, if vot quite finished; some further funds may be nished with such apparatus, as can be applied to the rerequired for deepening the harbors around them. moval of spage. This boat having been completed, and

35. Ocracock' Inlet, North Carolina.—The operations, put in operation, has, according to the superintendent's under the acts appropriating funds for the removal of the report, fully answered the purpose. By means of its shoals that obstruct the navigation of tbis iulet, bave machinery, a spag or sawyer of the largest dimensions is been as yet confined to the construction and preparation removed in a few minutes ; and it is expected that the of the necessary macbinery. The Superintending Engineer continuance of the operations will go very far to effect at Fort Macov, under whose directions this was commenc- the important and highly desirable object of freeing tha ed, being unable, on accouut of bis distance from Ocra- navigation of the Mississippi from those dangerous impecock, to devote sufficient time to tbat object, without inter- dimeuts. fering with his other duties, the direction of the opera 45. Ohio River.-The operations for improving the tions has been assigned to another Officer of Engineers, navigation of this river have been this year confined to by whom they will be cominenced on the completion of deepening the channel through the "Grand Chain," near the machinery, which has beeu somewhat delayed by the its mouth; the charge of them was entrusted to the superfailure of Contractors.

intendent on the Mississippi river. On the 24th of Sep36. Cape Fear River, North Carolina.—To avoid, if tember, the boats and machinery for this purpose were in possible, imposing new duties on the Superintending readiness to take advantage of the first low stage of water Engineer at Oak Island, it was at first proposed to place in the river to cornmence operations. the operations for improving the navigation of this river 46.- Repairs of the Cumberland Road, between Cumber under the direction of the State Authorities, but the land and Wheeling. The superintendent appvinted to Board of Internal Improvements of North Carolina hav. direct this work was instructed to adopt the MacAdam ing requested that a different course might be pursued, system of road-making, and to apply the funds to repair they were afterwards given in charge to the abovemen- ing the worst parts of the road; the sum appropriated tioned officer, who has made suitable arrangements for being entirely inadequate to effect a complete repair of carrying them on. The lateness of the season at which it. With respect to the manner in which these instrnc. he was put in charge, and the unhealthiness of the river tions have been complied with, information is expected shores in the Summer, has prevented the Agcomplish-! in a few days froin an officer of Engineers, who is now


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