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AN ACT autborizing the County of Allen to purcbase a / being partly in each of the States of Louisiana and Mis

portion of the reservation including Fort Wayne. sissippi, and on Week's Creek, which rises in Wilkinson Be it enacted, &c. That the associate Judges of the county, Mississippi, and runs into the parish of Feliciana, County of Allen, and State of Indiana, be, and they are Louisiana, through the line of demarcation dividing said hereby, authorized to enter, at minimum price, for the States, near the Lake of the Cross, adjoining the lands of use and benefit of said county, so much of the forty acres Christian Bingaman on the South ; the same baving reservation, including Fort Wayne, and reserved for the been reported for confirmation by the Commissioners use of the Indian Agency, established there, as may not of the Land Office at St. Helena, Louisiana; in their fall to the State of Indiana, under the act of the second report of January, one thousand eight hundred and day of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-twenty-four. seven, entitled "An act to grant a certain quantity of! Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Commisland in the State of Indiana, for the purpose of aiding said sioner of the General Land Office, upon being presented State in opening 2 canal to connect the waters of the with plats and certificates of survey of the said tracts of Wabash river with those of Lake Erie.".

land, legally executed by a proper officer, shall issue paApproved, May 31, 1830.

tents for the same; which patents shall operate only as a

relinquishment, on the part of the United States, of all AN ACT for the relief of John Reily.

right and title to said lands. Be it enacted, &c. That there shall be granted to John

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, if it shall apReily one thousand acres of land, in full satisfaction of a pear to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of the Genland warrant, issued by the State of Georgia, on the eral Land Office that the claims, or any part thereof, twenty-second day of December, seventeen hundred and herein mentioned, shall have been sold, patented or coneighty-five, for one thousand acres of land, to be located firmed, to any other person, previous to the passage of within the district ceded by the said State of Georgia to this act, then and in that case, the said John F. Carmithe United States. And the said John Reily is hereby chael shall be allowed to enter the same number of acres authorized to locate the said quantity of land, by legal of the claims thus sold, patented or confirmed, to any subdivisions, as near as may be, or any lands now offered other person, on any of the unappropriated lauds in the for sale by the United States, at the minimum price. And State of Mississippi, or in the land district of St. Helena, the President of the United States is hereby authorized in the State of Louisiana, that may be subject to private to cause patents to issue to the said John Reily, for the entry, conforming such entry to the divisions and subdiviland so to be located, on producing the certificate of the sions established by law. Register of the Land Office, as in other cases.

Approved : May 31, 1830. Approved, May 31, 1830.

AN ACT for the relief of Gabriel Godfroy. AN ACT for the relief of John Baptiste Jerome.

Be it enacted, dc. That it shall be the duty of the Third Be it enacted, &c. That it shall be the duty of the barn, the property of said Godfroy, and marked on a map

Auditor of the Treasury to ascertain the value of a certain Third Auditor of the Treasury to ascertain the value of referred to in the deposition of John McCalla, on file in a certain barn, the property of said Jerome, and marked the office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives, on a map referred to in the deposition of James Ganou, number fifteen, which was destroyed by order of an Amon file in the office of the Clerk of the House of Repre- erican officer, to prevent its use by the British and Indisentatives, number sixteen, which was destroyed by fire, by order of an American officer, to prevent its use as a

ans as & cover, in the battle of the twenty-second of cover by the British and Indians, in the battle of the Frenchtown, on the river Raisin ; and, also, to ascertain

January, one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, at twenty-second of January, one thousand eight hundred the value of the personal property belonging to said Godand thirteen, at Frenchtown, on the ri also, to ascertain the value of the personal property of fron

, and destroyed in and about said baru, in consequence said Jerome in and about said barn, and which was de- of the burning of the same; and the sum found to be due, stroyed in consequence of such burning; and the sum so

shall be paid out of any moneys in the Treasury, not found to be due, shall be paid out of any money in the

otherwise appropriated. Treasury, not otherwise appropriated.

Approved: May 31, 1830. Approved, May 31, 1830.

AN ACT for the relief of Samuel Ward. AN ACT for the relief of the legal representatives of be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to pay Sa

Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of the Treasury Simeon Theus, deceased.

muel Ward, surviving partner of the late firm of Samuel Be it enacted, &c. That the proper accounting officer Ward and brothers, out of any money in the Treasury, not of the Treasury be, and is hereby, authorized to pay, out otherwise appropriated, the legal interest due on a final of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropria- settlement certificate, issued by Benjamin Walker to Abted, to the legal representatives of Simeon Theus, de raham Whipple, Esquire, dated the twenty-third day of ceased, the sum of thirty-eight thousand two hundred October, one thousand seven bundred and eighty-six, numand eleven dollars and uinety-nino cents, being the amount ber two hundred and eighty.ope, the principal of which of bad bonds, for which he receipted to his predecessor, certificate has been paid to the said Sainuel Ward, under and for which he obtained no credit upon settlement at a law passed the twenty-fourth day of May, Anno Domini the Treasury.

one thousand eight bundred and twenty.eight: Provided, Approved, May 31, 1830.

That Samuel Ward shall first execute and deliver to the

Comptroller of the Treasury, a bond of indemnity in AN ACT for the relief of Job F. Carmichael, of the State double the amount of the sum so to be paid, with such of Mississippi.

sufficient security as the said Comptroller shall direct and Be it enacted, &c. That John F. Carmichael, of the approve. State of Mississippi, be, and be is hereby confirmed in his Approved : May 31, 1830. claims to two tracts of land, by virtue of two Spanish grants in favor of Claudio Bougard, one dated the thir- AN ACT to amend the act, entitled “ An act for the relief eenth of November, one thousand seven hundred and of certain surviving Officers and Soldiers of the Army ighty-nine, for one thousand arpens, the other dated of the Revolution." ixth March, one thousand seveu hundred and ninety: Be it enacted, &c. That the second section of the act, enour, for one thousand and thirty-four arpents, lying and titled “ An act for the relief of certain surviving Oflicers

Vol. VI.-9

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and Soldiers of the Army of the Revolution," approved the ney to the roll of Revolutionary Pensioners, and to cause fifteenth of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty- him to be paid at the rate of eight dollars per month, from eight, shall not be coostrued to embrace Invalid Pension and after the first day of January, one thousand eight huners, and that the pension of invalid soldiers shall not be dred and twenty-eight. deducted from the amount receivable by them under the said act.

AN ACT for the relief of sundry Citizens of the United Approved : May 31, 1830.

States, who have lost property by the depredations of

certain Indian tribes. AN ACT to amend the Charter of Georgetown.

Be it enacted, &c. That the claims of certain citizens of Be it enacted, &c. That public notice of the time and the United States, named in the Senate document at the place of sale of any real property chargeable with taxes first session of the nineteenth Congress, number fifty-five, in Georgetown, in all cases hereafter, shall be given once for depredations committed on their property by the Inin each week, for twelve successive weeks, in some one dian tribes therein mentioned, and the claim of James and newspaper in the County of Wasbington, in wbich shall Jesse Morrison, and the claim of Burd and Abram Smith, be stated the number of the lot or lots, or parts thereof, for Indian depredations, be and the same are hereby subintended to be sold, and the value of the assessment, and mitted to the Third Auditor of the Treasury, for examinathe amount of the taxes due and owing thereon; and that tion and adjustment; who is hereby directed to be governBo much of the seventh section of an act of Congress, ap: ed in his decisions, by the provisions of the 14th section proved May twenty-sixth, one thousand eight hundred and of the act of March thirtieth, one thousand eight hundred twenty-four, as requires said potice to be given in the Na- and two, entitled “ An act to regulate trade and intertional Intelligencer, and in a newspaper in Alexandria, be, course with the Indian tribes, and to preserve peace on the and the same is hereby repealed: Provided, That nothing frontiers," and by treaty stipulations with any of the tribes in this act shall change the manner of giving notice of the mentioned, applicable to any of the cases: Provided, That sales of property owned by persons not residing in the no limitation of time for presenting clainis under that act District of Columbia.

sball bar any of the claims herein mentioned. And the Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That on the fuurth amount of each claim, when so established and ascertain. Monday of February vext, and on the same day biennially ed, shall be paid to the claimant or claimants, out of any thereafter, the citizens of Georgetown, qualified to vote for money in the Treasury dot otherwise appropriated, and Members of the two Boards of the Corporation of said the amount of each claim, when 80 ascertained and estaTown, shall, by ballot, elect some fit and proper person blished, shall be reported to Congress, with the evidence having the qualifications now required by law to be Mayor in its support, for final decision and allowance. of the Corporation of Georgetown, to continue in Office two Approved, May 31, 1830. years, and until a successor is duly elected, and the

person having at said election, which shall be conducted by Judges RESOLUTION, granting the use of the books in the Liof election appointed by the Corporation, the greatest brary of Congress to the heads of Departments, to cernumber of legal votes, shall be declared duly elected, and tain officers of Congress, and to Ex-Presidents of the in the event of an equal number of votes being given to United States. two or more candidates, the two Boards in joint meeting, Resolved, &c. That the President of the Senate and by ballot, shall elect the Mayor from the persons having Speaker of the House of Representatives for the time such equal number of votes. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That in the event of of the books in the Library of Congress, to the Secretary

being, be, and they are hereby authorized to grant the use the death or resignation of the Mayor, or his inability to of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of discharge the duties of his office, the two Boards of the War, the Secretary of the Navy, the Postmaster General, Corporation, in joint meeting, by ballot, shall elect some the Secretary of the Sepate, and Clerk of the House of fit person to fill the office until the next regular elec. Representatives, the Chaplains of Congress, and any intion.

dividual when in the District of Columbia, who may have Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the present been President of the United States, at the times, and on Mayor of Georgetown shall continue to fill the office of the same terms, conditions, and restrictions, as members of Mayor until the fourth Monday of February next.

Congress are allowed to use said books. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That so much of the

Approved, Jan. 13, 1830. present Charter of Georgetown, as it is inconsistent with the provisions of this act, be, and the same is hereby repealed.

RESOLUTION for obtaining the aggregate returns of Approved : May 31, 1830.

enumerations of the population of the United States.

Resolved, &c. That the Clerks of the several District and AN ACT for the relief of David Beard. Superior Courts of the United States be, and they are Be it enacted, &c. That there be paid, out of any money, several returns of the enumeration of the Inhabitants of

hereby directed to transmit to the Secretary of State, the not otherwise appropriated, to David Beard, the sum of three thousand nine hundred and ninety-eight dollars and the United States, filed in their respective offices by dieighty-four cents, being a balance due bim, arising from rection of the several acts of Congress, passed the first of the forfeiture and sale of certain goods, and wares and March, one thousand seven hundred and ninety; the twenmerchandize belonging to the said David Beard and Joseph ty-eighth of February, one thousand eight bundred; the Farwell, introduced into the District of Oswegatchie, 'in twenty-sixth of March, one thousand eight hundred and the State of New York, in the year one thousand eight ten; and the fourteenth of March, one thousand eight hun

dred and twenty.
hundred and twelve, and which were seized by Officers of
the Customs, for an alleged violation of the laws of the

Approved, May 28, 1830.
United States.
Approved: May 31, 1830.

RESOLUTION to suspend. proceedings against the Cor

poration of the House of Refuge in New York. AN ACT for the relief of Isaac Pinney.

Resolved, &c. That the Secretary of the Treasury be, Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of War be, and and is hereby, directed to suspend all proceedings for the he hereby is, directed to restore tho name of Isaac Pin- collection of a debt due to the United States from the So

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ciety or Corporation of the House of Refuge in the State) a several list of such persons, whether Revolutionary, inof New York, until the end of the next session of Congress. valid, or otherwise, as shall bave made application for a Approved, May 29, 1830.

pension, or an increase of pension, and as, in their opinion,

respectively, ought to be placed upon the pension roll, or RESOLUTION requiring annual Reports to be made to otherwise provided for, and for doing which they have no

Congress, in relation to applications for Pensions. sufficient power or authority, with the names and resiResolved, &c. That the Heads of Departments, wbo may dence of such persons, the capacity in which they served, severally [be] charged with the administration of the peo- the degree of relief proposed, and a brief statement of the sion laws of the United States of America, be, and they grounds thereof, to the end that Congress may consider hereby are, respectively, directed and required, as soon the same. as may be after the opening of each Session of Congress, to present to the Senate and House of Representatives, 1 Approved, May 29, 1830.)

SPEECH OF MR. FRELINGHUYSEN,

ON THE SUBJECT OF SUNDAY MAILS.

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IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES — May 8, 1830. ations of our Government an ecclesiastical dominion to dvou The following preamble and resolution being under it over the cousciences of men, and to encronch upon the consideration, viz.

riguts and freedom of religious belief and opinion. Sir, it

is due to all parties, as well as to ourselves, to examine * Tho Sabbath is justly regarded as a divine institution closely this charge in the spirit of candor, divested of all prejudice, can rightfully reject its claims; and although the Congress of the and with a single, sincere desire that the truth may be United States, from the peculiar and limited constitution of the known. General Government, cannot by law enforce its observance--yet, as they should not, by positive legislation, encroach upon the sa

The men who have presented their respectful memoricredness of this day, or weaken its authority in the estimation of als to the Congress, are not among those that have ever the people

been friendly to either civil or ecclesiastical boudage. I ** Therefore, it is • RESOLVED, That the Committee on the Post Office and Post

have traced among them the vames of many illustrious Roads be instructed to report a bill, repealing so much of the act worthies of our Revolution. They seem to have rejoiced on the regulation of post offices as requires the delivery of letters, in an occasion that would bear their public testimony to packets, and papers on the Sabbath, and further to prohibit the the authority of the Christian Sabbath. Moreover, when transportation of the mail on that day :"

we seek for the proof of this upgracious charge, we find Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN spoke as follows: that justead of desiring any inroad to be made upon the MR. PRESIDENT: I have presented this resolution to the rights of conscience, the manifest design of the memoriSenate, not only in the hope that we may consider and alists has been to increase the entrenchments around respect the claims of the Sabbath, but also that an occa- beside other exceptionable features, a direct invasion of

these bigh interests. They saw in this act of Congress, sion may be afforded of disabusing the public in regard to the object of the memorialists.

religious liberty; that whilst it left all others tranquil, When it was proposed to our fellow.citizens, during the it attacked the principles of every postmaster in the land, Jast Congress, respectfully to petition for a repeal of the with all the multitudes of clerks, assistants and messengers law which required the travsportation of the mail and and mail carriers, and commanded them to disregard the the opening of poet offices on Sunday, it produced a and to make the Sabbath a day of business

, and of dis

Divine authority and the legislation of almost every State, spontaneous, cordial, and unexampled concert and co-operation, from one limit of the Union to the other. Thou-tracting servile labor. And without disturbing in the sands of our constituents, who would abhor all religious least degree the opinions or creed of any body of Christests and ecclesiastical domination, sent up their request

tians, Congress was besought to repeal a statute thus adthat a profanation of the Sabbath, as destructive of our

verse to individual privilege and public welfare. The temporal prosperity as it was offensive to God, might be truth is, Mr. President, the whole spirit and scope of repressed. Sir, it was a noble tribute to the just claims these applications have been tortured from their obvious of a dny, held sacred by all Christian men. It was a pa

intention, as I hope to show to every member of the

Senate. tion's voice, speaking on a subject deeply involving its best interests. I could wish that the plea had been re

The eleventh section of the act of Congress regulating garded, and at least rightly apprehended. The petition- the Post Office Department, requires that “postmasters ers would not have been charged with the design of unit- shall, on every day of the week, keep open their post offiing Church and State, in any dangerous alliance, bad ces, for the delivery of letters, packets, and papers, at all their motives been justly appreciated, or their language reasonable bours, No other statute of similar require distinctly understood. In looking over the memorials ment can be found in our civil or criminal code. It is an that have loaded your tables for the last and present ses anomaly in our legislation. In all our public laws beside, sions, I find among them the first names of our country. I we perceive a very commendable concern for the sanctity The principal merchants in all our important cities, judg: of the Sabbath. And when we recur to their provisions es, jurists, and legislators, the farmer, manufacturer, and we shall be furnished with a conclusive reply to the obmechanic, of every denomination, have combined å weight jection, that is derived from a diversity of sentiment, on of influence, and respectability of testimony on the sacred the proper season that should be devoted to religious duauthority of this holy day, as honorable to them as it should ties. Our predecessors have acted upon a true, republibe persuasive and prevalent with us.

can principle, that the feelings and opinions of the majoriThe honorable committee of the House of Representa- ty, were to be consulted. And when & collision might tires, to whom these memorials had been referred, in their arise, inasmuch as only one day could be tbus appropri. report

, made on the 31 of February, 1829, observe, “ It is ated, they wisely determined, in accordance with the senbelieved that the history of legislation in this country af timents of at lenst nive-tenths of our people, that the first fords do instance in which a stronger expression has been day of the week should be the Sabbatli of our Governmade, if regard be had to the pumbers, the wealth, or the ment. intelligence of the petitioners."

This public recognition is accorded to the Sabbath in Sir, what has wrought so sudden and singular 'n revo- our Federal Constitution. The President of the United lution in the public mind, if such indeed be the case? States, in the discharge of the high functions of his Whence has ariseu this clamorous opposition to an ob- legislative department, is expressly relieved from all emject that so lately seemed to draw to itself such univer- barrassment on Sunday. The business of the Supreme enl and popular approbation? When we open the vo- Court, the highest judicial tribunal of the country, is by lumes of remonstrances against the interference of Go-law directed to suspend its session on Sunday. Both vernment to prevent its own violations of the Sabbath, Houses of Congress, the Offices of the State, Treasury, but one prominent cause is urged. It is gravely assert- War, and Navy Departments, are all closed on Sunday. de tint the petitioners are striving to bring into the oper. And all the States of the Union I believe, (twenty-three

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