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Four posts 8 feet long, 5 by 5,....
67 Two plates 16 feet long, 3 by 5,.
40 Twenty-four studs, 8 feet long, 2 by 4,..
128 Six floor joists 10 feet long, 2 by 6,. Eighteen rafters, 11 feet long, 2 by 4,.
631 56 feet flooring, 14 in. thick; 400 ft. roof boards; 400 ft. parallel boards, 8 ft. long; 250 ft. parallel boards, 12 feet long; 40 pieces battens, 1 by 3 inches, 8 feet long; 50 feet 14 2d clear,
200 lbs. 10 penny nails; 100 lbs. 8 penny nails; 50 lbs. 20 penny nails; 60 lbs. 4 penny nails; 2 boxes glass, 9x15; 6 pr. butts. 4 by 3; 6 doz. 14 inch screws; 6 doz. %4 inch. screws; 1% gross % screws; 25 inch mortice locks; 2 white mineral knobs; 2 door-latches; % gross clothes hooks.
66 perch stone, 700 brick; 225 yds. plastering; 300 lbs. white lead; 12 gallons oil.
N. B.-Prices of material and labor vary so greatly that it is impossible to give an accurate estimate of the cost of this design. The cost in ordinary times would not probably exceed $250 for the main building and $50 to $75 for wood house.
SPECIFICATIONS FOR DESIGN NO. 1.
FOUNDATIONS.—The foundation walls are all to be built of good wall stone, well laid in good lime and sand mortar. Trenches are to be dug, and the walls commenced below the action of the frost; all walls are to be 1% feet thick, and to show 1/4 feet above the grade, and the ground is to be properly graded around them. The walls are to be of same size as frame .so that the sills shall be even with the outside of wall. An extra wall is to be built through center for the joists to rest on.
FRAME.—The frame is to be woll made of the size described in the contract, and with partitions as shown in plan, and of good, straight, sound timber of the sizes described in the bill of materials accompanying. The sills are to be bedded in mortar, when placed upon the walls. All timbers designed for lath shall be placed 16 inches from .center to center; the floor joists 16 inches from center to center; the rafters not more than 2 feet from center to center, and the timbers and girts for receiving the siding not more than 4 feet from center to center. All the corners of the building to be well braced. The ceiling joists are to be supported in the center by stay laths attached to rafters.
All lumber to be used in the building is to be sound, of good quality, and thoroughly seasoned.
SIDING.–The frame is to be covered with pine boards, 1 inch thick, not exceeding 1 foot in width, planed and matched. Each joint and the corners of the building are to be battened with battens 24 inches in width and 1 inch thick, dressed with beveled edges, and Dailed to the sills, plates and each girt.
Roofs.-The roofs are all to be boarded with sound pine or whitewood boards, laid with close joints and well nailed. They are to be shingled with good sound pine shingles, laid in courses 5%, inches to the weather, or in the same proportion if the shingles are more than 18 inches in length; the ridges to be finished with saddle boards 6 inches wide, well nailed on, and the roof to project over the walls, at the ends and eaves, 2 feet, the under side of the projecting parts to be covered with plank, matched and planed and let into the rafters; the edges to be finished with an Ogee moulding.
WINDOW3 AND DOORS. —The windows and doors are to be made of good casings, with plain beveled mouldings on the inside, and with caps and pendents on the outside, as shown in the cut, Design No. 1. The doors to be good, strong panel doors, made of pine, 14 inches thiok, with not less than 4 panels in each door. The outside doors to be 3 feet by 8 feet, and to be hung with 3 strong butts each and furnished with strong locks; the inside doors 2 feet 10 inches by 8 feet and hung with 3 butts each, and provided with good latches.
The windows of the school room to be six in number, placed as in Plan No. 1, to be 12 lights each of 9x15 glass, each sash to be movable, and to be provided with good fastenings The front window to be a double or transom window of 16 lights, 9 by 15 in. glass, and placed as io plan. All windows to be well glazed with good glass and well puttied.
FLOORS.—The floors are all to be laid of good, sound, planed and matched flooring not over 8 inches in width, well blind-nailed, each plank to each joist.
CHIMNEYS.—The chimneys to be built of well burned brick with two flues, one for the smoke and one for the foul air. The smoke fiue to receive the pipe 16 inches below the ceiling, and to be provided with an iron thimble; the foul air flue to receive the ventilating tubes above the ceiling, both flues to be smoothly plastered inside.
VENTILATION.—Two ventilating flues with a capacity of 10x12 inches, are to be built as shown in plan, one on each side of the room, made of plank, well matched and the joints made perfectly tight, being put together with white lead and well nailed, and firmly fixed in the walls before plastering; the two flues to unite in the garret and to enter the ventilating fue in the chimney with a tight joint; registers to be placed in each flue near the base and also near the ceiling.
CEILING.–The school room and entries are to be ceiled with good plaster. The scoool room to have good base boards 10 inches in width, well fitted to the floor, and the entries to be boarded up with matched boards to the height of four feet from the floor, and to be provided with two strips across the back end and side of each, with good wardrobe hooks 1 foot apart.
PLASTERING.–The plastering to be made of three coats of good mortar, made of new lime and clean sand and hair; to be even and level on the face, and in every respect put on in a workmanlike manner. The last coat to be of good hard finish.
PAINTING.—The ceilings, base boards, wainscotting, windows, casings and doors, and a 1 wood-work in school room and entries, except the floors, to be painted with three coats of pure white lead mixed with linseed oil; the outside of building to be painted in like man. Der with such shade of color as may be ordered.
DESIGN NO. II.
This house is intended for the larger district schools in which there is often occasion to employ an extra teacher in the winter, or to have extra classes taught by some advanced pupil.
The main building is 30 ft. by 30 ft. with 13 ft. from floor to ceiling. The front building containing entries &c., is 28 ft. by 10 ft., with 9 ft. hight of ceiling. The arrangement is shown in the following ground plan No. 2.
The main school room in 29 feet square, and is seated for 74 pupils.
The two entrance halls are 10 ft. by 71 ft. each, and should be well provided with wardrobe hooks.
L. is a recitation room 10 ft. by Б с Б
12 ft. and well lighted by a large Us $0.
mullioned window in front. It T
should be provided with shelves
and cases on one side for library L
S. S. are the stoves with cold air tubes running beneath the floor,
as explained in design No. 1. a. a. are rows of seats and desks for larger pupils, 31 ft. long and occupying each desk and seat 21 ft. from front to front.
b. b. are rows of smaller desks and seats, 3 ft. long and 2 ft. 2 in. from front to front.
C. a middle row of small desks and seats which may be re. moved in summer if not needed.
The space in rear of seats is 3 ft. wide for classes, and the side passages are 21 ft. each. The aisles are 2 ft. in width.
There is but one ventilating flue shown in the plan. It is situated in the middle of the rear wall of the building, and terminates in a ventilating chimney and cap on top of building as shown in design N o. II. It would perhaps be better to make
Plan No. 2.