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Body lately found at Reading not that of Henry f. 11 De intolerable conduct of the parlia was discovered. I was myself at Read ment forces at Coventry; who, before ing a few days after, and saw the Ipot hoftilities were commenced on the side where it was taken up. The whole of the monarch, shot his servants at the breadth of the charm could not be more gates of the city. Charles was detere than two feet, and there was nothing mined not to go to war without a cause, which could lead to a suppohtion that and was contemplating the most pro there ever had been a vault. This inbable measures of making a reconcilia. telligence is confirmed by a friend, wha cion betwixt himself and his people, was himself a fpectator, and who has whilst his parliament were eagerly and fance, at my request, made particular resolutely preparing to defeat him. enquiries on the lpot. As Mr. P. has

R. D. adduced the vault as an argument that

i really was the body of Henry, I. if no MR. URBAN,

Dec. 16. vault was discovered, the argument will I

WAS much furprized, in reading at least be of equal force, that it was

your lift Magazine, to find a letter not his body. All writers agree that from one of your correspondents, who he was buried with great state.

“ Corligos himself F. Pigott, in which he la pus regium de Normannia ad Radinments a facrilege committed on the gum allatum eft, et aromatibus condia supposed bones of K. Henry I. which tum, et post tres menses folenniter in were, some time since, dug up amidst eadem ecclefia, quam ipfe a fundamenthe ruins of Reading Abbey. I have tis conftruxerat, venerabilem fepultu. hitherto been with held from troubling ram, quam vivus posuit, præsente rege you with my remarks on that circum- Stephano curo multis magnatibus, acitance, by a consciousness of the little cepit.” Mattb. Welming. p. 35, fol. skill I postess in antiquarian researches: Lond. 1570.

“ Cadaver regis apud nor should I now have ventured to ar- Radingum, in ecclefia, quam ipse funfert my opinion against one fo much my daverat, regaliter eft fepultum, præsuperior both in years and knowledge sentibus archiepiscopis, epifcopis, , et as Mr. P, did not that gentleman's milo magnatibus regħi.”

Matb. Paris.'po information, and his inis-statement of 74, ed. Wats. Lond. 1640. facts, arising probably from that cause, deportatur ad Redyngium oppidum, render fome antiver indispensably neces- magnaque funerali pompa fepulturæ fary.

datur.” Polydore Vergil, p. 19;, ed. Mr. P. informs us, that, “in digging Basil, 1534. It is not therefore improa foundation for a house of correction bable, as so much ceremony was used on the foot where the old abbey stood, in his funcral, that it should be extend. a vault was discovered, the only one ed also to the place, and that he shwuld there, and which was of curious work. be laid in something better than a commanthip; that in the vault was a leaden . mon grave, cipecially as we find mencoffin almost devoured by time; that a

cion made of his toinb : Pat. 21 Ric. II. perfect skeleton was contajncd therein, p. 3. m. 16, “confirm. libertatum, muwhich undoubtedly, was the king's, do abbas intra unum annum honefto refrom the distinguished' appearance of pararet tumbam et imaginem regis Henthe coffin, and the vault in which is rici fundatoris ibidem humati." Tann. was interred, and more particularly Notitia Monaslica, p. 15, Lond. 1744. from several fragments of routen leather There is another circumstance which found in the coffin, the body of that makes still more against it. He is laid, king being said to have been wrapped in by writers of good authority, to have tanned ox-hides." If it ihould be been buried in the church. “ His bo. proved that these assertions of Mr. P. die was conveied into England, and bware well founded, and that it really was ricd at Keading within the abbcy the body of the king, no one, I trust, church which he had founded.Holinjó. will helitate to join with him in con

Chron. vol. III. p. 45

* This town demning the facrilege he mentions; King Henry I. most stately beautificd but if, on the contrary, it should ap with a rich monastery, where, in the pear that there is every reason to be collegiate church of the abbey, himfölf lieve them groundless, there will be and queene (who both lay veiled and little need for thote lamentations which crowned), with their daughter Mandt Mr. P. has so liberally poured forth. the empreile, called the lady of England,

A leaden coffin was indeed dug up were interred, as the private history of about 18 inches beneath the surface. the place avouchetin, chwugh others be

“ Corpus

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12 Body lately found at Reading not that of Henry I. flow the bodies of these two queenes was of a young person under 30 years elsewhere.Speed's Theatre of the Emp. of age; and that the plumber assured of Greai-Britain, p, 27, ed. Lond. 1614. him he had not the least idea that it One writer specifies the spot as before could be the coffin of Henry I. from the the altar: “ Corpus itaque Radingas state of the lead, which was cast in the delatum cum honore debito in ipfa ec- modern manner, as they had not at that clesia ante altare fepultum eft.” Gervase time attained to so great perfection in of Cant. v. Historiæ Angliæ Scriptores casting it. Decem, p. 1340, ed. I ond. 1652. From There seems, therefore, every

reason these evidences, and from other to suppose that it was not the body of clusions, there appears every reason to Henry l. It is probable he was buried believe that he was buried there. Now, in a vault; but no vault was here difby the plan of this church, ingeniously covered: the spot where the collin vas and accurately traced by Sir Henry found by no means agrees with the Englefeld, bart. v. Archæologia, vol. place of his burial, mentioned by hiftoVI. p. 61, it appears, thadibe extreme rians; the fragments of roteçn leather, houndary on the eastern fide is at the the only argument which feemed to be distance of about 180 feet from the of weight, are proved to have no au. piece of wall, again it which a small therity; and, from other appearances, house is built. The distance of ihe spot there are evident marks both of a later where the coffin was dug up from the date, and of a younger person. Perhaps abovementioned piece of wall is about also the length of the coflin may be 240 feet towards the east, and about 24 fome proof againīt it, as Henry is faid towards the fouth, which can never have to have been of middling stature. been within the limits of the church. But there is another circumstance,

The account of the fragidents of rot which, if true, will put the matter past ten leather, I own, stumbled me much. all doubt. It is expressly faid by SandI found your correspondent’s informa- ford, that, at the Reformation, his ticn, that Henry I. was wrapped in tan tomb was destroyed, and his bones ned ox-hides, confirmed by almost every thrown out : “ But well onight the mewriter who has mentioned his death.

mory thereof (his monument) perish, This appeared to carry much weight and be buried in the rubbith of oblia with it, and, of circumstantial evidences, viun, when the bones of this prince was indeed one of the strongeft that could not enjoy repose in his grave (not could be adduced. I accordingly ap. more happy in a quiet sepulchre than plied to a friend on the spot to send me the two Norman Williams, his father the most minute intelligence with re and brother), but were (upon the supspect to the leather; and from his let. pression of the religious houses in the ter, which is now before me, it is plain reign of K. Henry VIII.) thrown out, they can have no authority in the pre to make room for a stable of borfes, fent question. I will give you his own and the whole monastery converted to a words : “So far from the pieces of lea- dwelling house. He then quotes thesc ther giving an indication of its being vertes, which are allo in Camden. Henry I. that the plumber assured me

“ Hæccine red pietas? heu! dira piacula, those pieces were the remnants of an

primum old Nipper, which, though perfect when Neuftrius Henricus fitus hic inglorius urna, discovered, crumbled to pieces as foon Nunc jacet eje&us, tumulom rovus advena as toucted, and left nothing of its qurrit 1hape and form but the itiches, which Fruftra ; nam regi tenues invidit arenas were very discernible." His account of Auri sacra fames, regum metuenda sepul.

chris." the cofin in, that it was about 8 feet

Sandford's Geneal. Hift. p. 28. Lond. Jong, 7 inches high, rooted at the top,

1683. Camden, p. 143, ed. Gibson, illc ridge Auted, and reina,kably thick

Lond. 1695. with lead; that the lid was ornamented with a few fluds in form of diamonds; We know how the intolerant zeal of that there was an inscription in brals, the Reformers operated, when the most ubich was sent to the Antiquaria's So- ftatcly abbies, and the most venerable ciury, undilinguish ble except the two remains of antient architecture, were jorial letters, which the plumber docs laid without distinction in the general Det now recoileet. He further adds, The abbey of Reading in partithat the skull ivas examined by a very cular bears marks of the most unweafilul and experienced surgeon of Read- ried induftı y employed 'iu ils deftruc

ruin.

Tomb of Henry J. demolished.--Anecdotes of Dr. Cooper. 13 tion. One of the principal charges page 199, vol. I. of Rapin, ed. Lond, against the Duke of Somerset, under 1732. John Brompton, Matthew of whom others relate this abbey was de Paris, Henry of Huntingdon, and Rostroyed, is his fury in the demolition of ger Howeden, say December the ift; tombs. Several writers expressly con Matthew of Westminster, and Gervare firm the fact of the demolition of that of Canterbury, Dec. 2. The fact is, of Henry I. It is not, therefore, pro he died at midnight, Dec. 1, which bable that the rage of the destroyers might casily occasion this variation. would stop here; that they would spare “ Calendas Decembris qua nocte decefthe bones of him whose toimb they "ere

fit." William of Malmejbury. Vide Redemolishing, and whose edifices they rum Angl. Script. poit Bcdam, p. 100, were levelling in the dust.

ed. Lond. 1596. In discoveries like the present, where

Yours, &c. JUVENIS. any thing curious is expected, it is im, poilible to restrain the minds of the Mr. URBAN, Oxford, Dec. 12. common people, who will infallibly X take those steps by which most money ing attempted, in various periodimay be obtained.' It is not therefore cal publications, to wound the ieputawonderful if many of the-bones were tion of the rev. Miles Cooper, LL.D. taken away, with the hopes of selling who died at Edinburgh last March, it them as valuable remains, and the cof- induced me to draw up the following fin immediately difpofed. of. Your fetch of his life and character. correfpondent, however, may reft fatis. In 1762, Dr. Cooper being a fellow fied with this alsurance, that, as soon as of Queen's College. Oxford, diltinthe thing was known, there was an im- guished for virtue and learning, Archmediate order from the mayor that no bishop Secker, the great ornament to bones Mould be carried away, and that human nature, piety, and literature, they were most of them peaceably de, appointed him president of King's Cola políted again with the relt that were lege at New York. On his arrival in dug up. As to the coffin, as it had no America, and taking poffeffion of the thing remarkable in it, its loss is not college, he was arraigned (according to much to be lamented, The end of all the custom of that country) before triantiquities seems to be, by collecting bunals of deacons, faints, mobs, and the remains of our ancestors, to obtain gospel minifters, to discover whether he

certain information concerning was a man of grace or a man of fin; them, to mark their progiets in arts and and, in the course of fifteen years, they science, and, by an attentive survey of found verdict against him, viz. Dr. their productions, to strike out improve. Myles Cooper is guilty of five capital ments for the benefit of the living. crimes, viz integrity, universal beneThofe antiquities, therefore, which are volence, a faithfui veneration for the regarded merely for their antiquity, are church of England and the house of of little intrinsic value. If they eluci. Hanover, a friendship for polite literadate no point in history, if they tend not ture, a dinike of pure licentious liber. to ascertain the state of antient manners ty, and the American vine planted in or of antient art, mankind will be little the bowling wilderness by St. Oliver the better for them. They may at first and the heroic regicides of the last cenbe regarded with some degree of enthu. tury. Those tryers convicted the Docfiasm ; but that will be confined to the tor also of being ignorant of the Proantiquary himself, and with him it teftant and Gospel meaning of pure liwill toon subtide, when the mind is at berty, conscience, constitution, whigleisure to consider their uselessness. gisin, and Magna Charia; they allo

I readily agree with your correspond. centured him for the fin of hospitality, ent in his encomiums on the late Mr. and for entertaining gentlemen with an Spicer ; but he is much mistaken if he elegant dinner and a glass of wine ;-in thinks there are not still many gentle, short, the Doctor was found to be a pomen in Reading, who would be equally lite and generous Englishman, without active in preventing any thing that bore any signs of true American grace, and, the appearance of the lacrilege he men therefore, an impure innovator of custions.

toms not known among the gospel miMr. P. is guilty of a little mistake in nillers, nor in the colleges of New-Eng. mentioning Henry the First's death as land. In the year 1775, the faints de, on the 2d of September. He will find creed to wreak their vengeance on it corrected in the note at the bottom of

Cooper's

more

14 Anecdotes of Dr. Cooper.Bowing at the Name of Jesus, Couper's head, and on all abettors of

Mr. URBAN, the royal-big b-treason against a million CCEPT a few miscellaneous obserfovereign, rebel, free, faithful, loyal, indepenaent subjects of America (a Spa I should be glad to know for what nith goddess). To effect it, the prudent reason our Reformed church retains the historian, the judge of jurisprudence, cuftom.of bowing at the name of JESUS; the deacons and gospel ministers of New- and when, and by whom, the oblervence York, held a conference, and sent mer was established. It tends, I am convinced, sengers to Connecticut (the region fixed to no good, and therefore I fhould reon by Dr. Ezra Styles for the mille, joice if it were abolished. I respect the nifts), to invite the holy mobs of W00 church into which I have been received, fer, Arnold, and Waterbury, to come and with her liberated from follies and and help them drive

away

the
tory ene-

fopperies which disfigure and disgrace my of the vine. Those fons of vio. her. lence, pleased with the prospect and St. Paul says, 1 Cor. xiv. 26,' “ Let with the hopes of plunder, obeyed the all things be done to edifying." This fummons, went to New-York, and ex exclusive worship we pay the Son, te pelled the beast and be-goat from that the neglecting his Almigbiy FATHER, is, goodly city.

i doubt, neither well nor deroutly maGovernor Tryon, Dr. Ccoper, and naged. It is reported of the great other loyalists, saved their lives by tak- Boyle, that he never mentioned the name ing shelter on board of his Majesty's of: God, without manifesing by his ships of war; while the mobs, deacons, attitude his veneration for his Maker, saints, and gospel ministers, spoiled their And fuch piety was pure, rational, and goods, drank up their liquors, and stole “edifying." But to pass by the King Cooper's library, worth 600l. Aterling, Immortal," and transfer to the Exalted for the sake of the vine. They also what is due to the Exalter, I fear this stole the library of King's College, “is not done to edifying." which was given by Lord Bute, the I know it has been replied, that this bishops, the universities * of England bowing does not, neither is it meant to and Ireland, and many lords and gen- signify any such exclusive worship of the tlemen, on account of the amiable cha. Son as I have above objectod to; that racter and literary fame of President its intention is to express merely our Cooper.

ready acknowledgement of Jesus and In 1775, Dr, Cooper having been his au:hority ; that by fo doing we de. robbed of his library and effeěts, he clare ourselves his faithful disciples and

to England, and was chosen submissive subjects; that he is our mafpreacher at the royal episcopal chapel in ter, and claims our adoration. But nei, Edinburgh, where attends one of the ther will these answers be aniversally most polite and learned congregations agreed to, nor will they bear the test of in Europe, from whom the Dočtor re examination, They will even thrink ceived every attention and mark of ci- from our artempt to subjc&t them to it. vility, as well as from the established Outward demonstrations of devotion clergy of the antient and learned king- respect our brethren and ourselves. In dom of Scotland. Yet, notwithstand the first instance, their design is uniforing, the uiccrated and receding consci- mity; To the end “ that all things beence of Xinenes, whose religious and ing done decently, and in order ;" wife political tenets accord with those of his traction and contrariety disturb us not. For brethren in America, led him to fill up the God we worship. “ is not the author the grave of Dr. Cooper with persecu- of confusion, but of peace.” And on tion, malice, and scandal ; and we have this I need scarcely expatiate. reason to believe he acted upon the ig They operate, secondly, in conse. noble maxini of his Protestant judge of quence of the intimate connection be. New-York, who says, “ a prudent hir

tween certain actions and certain trains torian is always a coward, and will ne of thought. The power and laws of ver give fire till deals protects him from mental alsociation have been frequently the Itroke of his enemy."

explained, and are now well known. If SASSICUS. the mind governs the body, the body in

came

* The university of Oxford, in particular, presented a copy of every work printed at their prele. Epit.

We have used the liberty given us by this correspondent, whose favours have always been citecmed. Edit.

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On the Ceremonies of the Church-Mr. Davis. A Meteor. 15 its turn, influences the mind. Anitudes nourings, left, while we appear to drain which at one time express our pious feel. nigh unto him with our lips, we be far ings, may, at another time, excite them. from him in our hearts; nor upprofitAs, when we pray, we generally kneel, able mortifications, telt, while we afflict so when we kneel we may often be in the body, the spirit remain fill unchaft. duced to pray. And hence arises the uti- ened; nor yet parlial or enmeaning relity of such observances, if rightly un. verences, leít, while we court the Son, derstood, and their danger if perverted, the anger of the Father be kindled And that this misapprehenfion and per. againit us, or our worship be accounted version may easily take place, is evident foolishness. from the example of our neighbours, Your humane and gentlemanlike who wander ignorantiy in the mifts of correspondent C. L. (lee Magazine for Roman Catholic fuperftition. Some may last May, p. 3.48), should recollect that thus bow to Jesus only, till they forget I never abufed Mr. Davis, nor his book, HIM that railed up from the dead, and till they had been cried up to the preat whole right hand Jesus fiiteen. judice of Mr. Gibbon. Of Mr. Davis's

But they urge again, this discrimi- publication my opinion is still the same, nates us as Christians. So there is great untavourable: of his perforal cbarater. need, they think, of this in a Chriftian what it always was, a good one. country, and in Chriftian churches? It ver intended to insult his memory, and diftinguishes us froin Socinians and free if I have, I am forry. Yet he was then, ibinkers, who deny the divinity of as he is now, much above my praile Cbrif, the jecord person in the Godhead, and equally above iny censure. But those you mention reject also the What Vindex has said weighs nothing 1bird. Yet you bow not to him. Is he with me; for it is affertion withour no person? The Athanasian will hardly proof, and railing without argument, I fay so. Anliver me then, "how is it would recommend it to this gentleman done to edifying?"

to publish a new spelling-book, for I tie Though not exactly the same, I have he has done me ide bonour to correct as strong objections to the amon, as so mine. frequently and lifelessly repeated, and to

Sept. 24, near Walthamftow, I obthe turning about at the Creed, to ridi.. served a imill meteor moving very culously practiled in our churches. Not quickly in almoli che fame direction Jong ago I was in a congregation where with those of the year 1782. It was of a clergyman at the altar, another in the

very Imall size, 1.o much larger than a desk, the clerk, and the charity children, pea, but exceeding brigit. li vanilled turned each different ways. Talk, what

joon after it had pabed ihe zenith. The kind of impreilion nut this make on

cime, as near as I can recollcet, about weak minds, 100 prone already to take 20 minutes before leven; the evening the shadow for the substance? A good citar and warm. Its duration not above and proper one? Surely not.

39 or 40 seconds. No one, that knows me or my prin.

The following cpigram was written ciples, will even hint that I am for doing by a voung geneinan of Oxford, and away of all ceremonies'; for it is my repeated to die fomenme ago by a frie:d firm, and I believe well-grounded, opie fince dead. I think it is worth pilo bion, that they frequently product in us, serving, as well as evidence, the quiet affurance of God's prelence; and religned proftra: Winy does Pruderie fo feldom her followers

While so many the fivours of Fortune powers, tion of ourselves before Him, which he

bless? regards favourably. The shrinking inward, and, as it were, accumulation of Tivat the one is a word, and the other a

The reason is chis, we may (fely conclude, ourselves, which kneeling promotes, is a filent yet striking expreffion of contrite

J. L. humility, and a beautiful emblem of that carneft meditation on, and retired enjoy ment of, and devout fubmillion to, the Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 12. Divine Grace, wluch is the fruit of a Nthe line of Criticisin,

till

talle true and living faith. Let us, therefore, prophet arose amonytt us, who, like bow before the aweful Majelty of Hea- Mahomet, by his great ability, and by ven, and fall trembling before our Judge, the destroying edge of thar brvad livord when we plead for mercy. Yet iet not fophiftical wir, taught dazzled mu our honourings be merely niouth-ho. cudos to think his devallarions holy, sed

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