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Letter from the Authorefs of The Progress of Romance.
117 spectacles of learning on his nose : if he a bad heart. I could forgive and pass has not the candle of good sense burn. by any injustice to my abilities as a ing by him, he will be never the bet writer, but I maft feel an attack upon ter." I recollect, in a pocket edition of my moral character; though it is not • Hudibras,” published about the be. uncommon for any author, who has ginning of this century, a cut put at been fayoured by the public, to meet the end of several of the cantos, of a with many false and illiberal attacks monkey in fpectacles, littiug between upon both. After having thrown out his two candles, reading, and making re- reflections in a general way, he draws his marks with his pen. Thiş amusement argument to a point, that clearly she s of my childilh hours I little thought of his injurious intention in one or botla applying to modern hypercriticism, into the alterpatives he gives me. “No che conxitution of which enters to large person (fays he) of any perception or a portion of self-sufficiency, pedantry, judgement could think "Pamela' fupeand scepticism. Yours, &c. R. S. rior to Grandison' or Clarissa. No
person defective in these points could have written the ` English Baron ;' cither then that work is not written by Clara Reeves, or else the is convicted of a design to mislead the public." I am well aware of the oblique infinuation, as well as the direct attack ; but 'trust that I cannot be hurt by either, because I have means in my own hands by which I can casily difprove them both. I shall offer one proof only of my integrity and veracity; but it shall be plain and simple, and it shall cariy
convi&tion with it. MR. URBAN, Ipswicb, Feb. so. “ Now mark how plain a tale shall put you
down," FIND myfelf called to the disagree.
able task of speaking publicly in my I have lived many years in intimate own defence, in answer to a very exe friend ihip with a daughter of Mr. Ritraordinary letter that appeared in your chardson, the only one now living, a Magazine of laft month, p. 16, in which lady of superior understanding, found I am treated very cavalierly, and in a judgement, great reading, and uncomway that is perfeâly new to me. mon modefty and humility. Through
Had the writer of that letter only im- her I am known to many others of that puted to me an error in judgement, I respected family. I would not lift up might have fat down in silence under the veil of retirement that conceals her the charge, which has been extended to from impertinent and obtrusive obmany writers of abilities infinitely lupe- servers, but to bear witness to the truth rior to mine, and is indeed cominon to of what I Thall communicate to you, human nature. But this unmerciful Sir. I have thewed most of my writcritic charges me with difingenuouinefs, ings to this dear lady, I have asked her and a design to mislead the judgement opinion of them, and often, very often, of others; a fault of a much higher na. have preferred her judgement' to my ture, which I shall not take to myself own. She saw the “ English Baron" while I have the power to prove myself in every stage of it, from first to lait. innocent of it. He says, “ that I have, She saw likewise every sheet of the against my own judgement, praised Mr. Progress of Romance” before it went Richardson's first and lowest work, and to press. I asked her opinion of the depreciated his fuperior ones, in order whole, but particularly that part which to injure his reputation as a writer." I speaks of her revered father. , “ Are trust that the manner in which he has you satisfied with what I have written treated me will, in some degree, defeat (faid I); is there any thing you would his intention ; for his malevolence is wish to have altered?" She antivered, but too apparent, notwithstanding his “ No, she had no obje&tion to make; panegyric on the “ Englith Baron," that some others thought as I did; and svhich he uses as a shield, behind which that I had a right to speak my true he may, with furer aim, direct hisar- opinion. Is it likely that the daughter rows of cenfure and calumny. It is and dcscendant of Mr. Richardson better to err in judgement than to have
118 Letter from Clara Reeve.- Miscellaneous Remarks and Queries. İhould be less jealous of his reputation MR. URBAN, than a stranger, who de benesta vingcalled I No youre Magazine for 13373 P: 451; never been called in question? Of this astrologer, then resident in Dublin, any impartial person may be convinced which reminds me of an epigram which who will refer to the “ Progress of Ro- he gave the original cause for, which has mance," where he will find the text not ever (that I know of) been made very different from the commentary, public, and seems too good to be conwhere every token of respect, even to signed to total oblivion. This Peter La veneration, is Mewn to Mr. Richard- Boissiere, and John Watson, were comfon; and what I have given as my own posers of rival almanacs in Dublin, and opinion (which I do not retract) is with had both printed lifts of the peers of all deference and liberality to that of Ireland. Watson, however, had the others. I shall only recite the conclud- precaution to procure leave from the ing sentence, which will properly finish house of peers for his publication ; but the subject.
La Boiffiere, unfortunately neglecting " That all Richardson's works are of that measure, was committed to prison capital merit is indifputable ; but it by the house for a contempt. "This seems to me that • Pamela' has the most transaction gave occasion to the followoriginality; Grandison, the greatest ing lines, written by Arthur Dawfon, regularity and equality ; . Clarissa,' the esq. afterwards one of the barons of the highest graces, and the most defects.” court of Exchequer in Ireland; author
I thali nced say but little on the other of several pieces of like nature, which I subject, viz. the remarks upon Rouf- fear no person has been at the pains of feau's " Eloita.” A good-natured cri- preserving; the song called “ Bumper tic would have observed, that they pro: Squire Jones” being the only one of his ceed from the mouth of Hortensius; works that I know printed. into whose character I have thrown all The lords have imprison’d poor La Boiffiere such observations as are not properly For printing the name and the style of each my own, and for which I am obliged peer;
I hope, in repelling And there he must lie till he's not worth a this illiberal attack, I have kept in
For to tell who the peers are, reflects on the view that temper and candour which no
house. injiry should make any person lose fight of. I should be ashamed to use
In your last vol. p. 972, for • Ath. such language as I have received : loy read Athboy; and, p. 1024, for
• Ġodstone' read Godstowe. Godljione ridiculous, ab;urd, senseless, are the epithets which my polite critic has is in Surrey, Godfioue in Oxfordshire. thrown at me.
Your Obituary, P: 919, wants corWhile he is shooting his arrows at me and others, let him rection, yet not such as your corres
The take heed that none of them recoil.upon person mentioned in the former place
fpondent' suggests in p. 1024. himself, who has indeed, with " bathful forehead,” centured the writ. Tynte. The name of Stratford was
ivas Sir James Stratford (not-Strafford) ings of others in a more unjust and un
derived from his mother, who was a candid manner than that he condemns. daughter of the late Earl of AldboI had rather have been excused this ap
rough. Sir Charles Kemy's Tynte is peal to my friends ; but, thus called up of a Somerset hire family. The ancefon, I dare affirm that I am above the baie motive imputed to me, and also fors of Sir James were' long feitled in
STEPHEN SLOUCH. cqually above the meanness of malice
P. S. With your correspondent, p. or revenge. You may think
939, I much with to fee Welfted's
“ Hymn to the Creator ;” and also his I who command myself bave brib'd a fool
“ Ode to the Riplit Hon. Lieut. Gen. To be my herald ;--yet a modest mind, T'oppole the darts of caluosny, may wear
Wade, on his difaiming the Highlands, Its innocence in light; a safer Shield imitated from Horace; with the fourth Than adamant or gold.
Ode from the fourth Book of the same FENTON'S Mariamme. Aurhor." Qu. When were they pube You will please to obiesve, Sir, that' lidied, and are they in being ? S. S. I have addresied iny reply as to a man; for I cannot conceive it poluble that lo *, * In the TRIFLEP, No. I. p. 38, pruch malevolenct, withi tu Ihtle debi- l. ult. afier “many feines of aiuteCuch, cuid proceed from the pen at ment may be contained,” in, eri " and
to my friends.
THE TRIFLER, N° II. · Man is not born to continue merely an
individual separate from the rest of his Paulum Sepullæ difiat inertice
species, but should look upon himself Celeta virtus.
as the member of one common body. “ In earth if it forgotten lies,
It is not enough for him that he has “What is the valour of the brave? neither corrupied nor diminished the “What difference, when the coward dies, republic of letters, but he must make " And finks in filence to his grave?" additions of his own. What excuse
can be pleaded for him whose abilities IT
is the duty of every man, in what would have readily placed him confiever station of life he is placed, to derably high in the elteem of the pubrender himself as subservient to his fel. lick, for not exercising those abilities in low-creatures as lies in his power; if the general improvement of mankind, he is the favourite of fortune, to cheer and, though he has the power, has nog up the hearts of all who are drooping the will to be a profitable member of with age, want, or infirmity ; but more fociety? Such a man as this is, will be especially those who have been the mi- found highly culpable in the eye of ferable objects of accidental poverty. If Reason, for defeats and prejudices which, he is bleft with talents to please and in- in those whom Providence has only en. struct, it should be his first care to cul- dowed with a common share of undertivate those talents with application and standing, would have been at least experseverance, that in time he may be cured. if not guiltless. The spirit of able to exert them fuccesfully in the malignity will fall upon him with several causes of Virtue, Learnir Lin greater acrimony for refusing, like a berty, and Religion. These are the dark lanthorn, to extend the rays of four grand points upon which the hap- that light which others might have piness of mankind principally depends; shared with him, without any diminuand since the possession of these is not tion of his own luftre, beyond the nardistributed equally amongst us, but is row circle of his own conceptions, than enjoyed by some in a greater degree of if, in total ignorance of every enjoyperfection than by others, in this paper ment except rustic solitude, he had Í intend to encourage thuse who, though " Livid unregarded, unlamenied died." they are gifted with folid and extensive It would be difficult to determine abilities, have been prevented from ex whether this kind of singularity is the ercising them by the dread of disap- effect of modesty or pride; I hope more pointment, or the stubbornness of selfish frequently from the former than the vanity, and whose modesty or pride itill latter. That inay in time be worn off, forbids to call them forth as the friends, as a man's literary merit gradually stcals and champions of letters.
upon the world, without his knowing A defire of being admired is the first the reason; and as soon as the aura por principle that actuates a man to affume pularis, the gale of applause, hath waftthe character of an author; it is this ed it beyond the borders of private conthat nourishes him in the toilfome act verfation and domeftic occurrences, his of compofition, that animates him to wonder will be excited while his contepursue, patiently, the endless mazes of quence is establithed. Careilcs from the literature, that gives life and vigour to great, and praises from all, will crowd his sentiments, and it is the accomplish the ideal world; favours and rewards ment of his defign that instantly insures will prefent themselves to his mental him monumentum are perennius---eternal eye, and he will catch every opportuglory. It would indeed be impoitihle nity to call forth the latent sparks of to enumerate all those who have en genius and folidity, nor blush to coun: bewildered in their cager pursuit after tenance a rising reputation. fame, and have discouraged others by But when this proceeds from pride or attempting to establish their own repu caprice, neither the caresses of the great, tation. But however frequently this nor the praises of all, will be sufficient pallion of applaule may be baffled in its to lure him from his long-frequented attempt to break through the clouds paths of vanity and idleneis. He will that obscure it; when raised by public amuse himself with the lattering idcą and disinterested motives, it is highly of a contcious fuperiority over the relt worthy of attention, and, though it of mankind; exclaim with astonishment should fail in its first attempts, To far because man still continues to wander from discouraging others, thould excite amidst luch a world of errors, exposed them to the fame laudable example. - 10 thousands of temptations, and is cak
enough to be captivated by every charm neration of pofterity. What å mottify that dazzles only to allure, and allures ing reflection must this be, that, as foon only to ruin. He will expose the vices as their last breath fhall leave them, just and defects of mankind without being on the brink of annihilation, their po. willing to correct them, and censure pularity muft instantly cease, and that thofe frailties which himfelf is moftly merit which, when living, was fo apto be blamed for. This fort of men plauded and caressed, be buried in sudmay be deemed rather an evil than a den oblivion, without leaving a single blessing to fociety, and it had been trace of its existence behind! much better for themselves, and all Perhaps there are many who fix the about them, if their parents had taught principles of their absurdity upon the them fome honest trade, instead of the custom of the ancients, and, despising. pedantry of fchool-boys and the vanity whatever is modern and prevalent, hold of affected philosophy.
nothing good and worthy of imitation Plurimum enim intererit, quibus arribus, et but what the remoteft periods of antiquibus búnc eu
quity have recorded as the then pre. Moribus infituas.
vailing opinion. I remember an old « Por much it boots which way you train saying of a Latin poet (Virgil), that your boy,
will account at once for all the pre“The hopeful obje&t of your future joy." judices and faults which I have been We should think it almost impossible to censuring. He says, that a man's knowfind even an individual of this ftamp, ledge is wortb nothing, if he communicates were we to refcet for a moment upon
what he knows to any one besides. Howthe astonithing propensity which man
ever strange this may appear, we have discovers to be carefied and applauded; convincing proofs that it met with a with what raptures of imaginary bliss very cordial reception among the anhe clasps the dazzling charm of
We are told that Alexander larity in his arms, and what blasts of was angry with his tutor Aristotle for malignity he will endure, without fhud- publithing those lectures which had dering at the danger, merely to continue been delivered to that prince in private. in the enjoyment of his' darling fa- If this had been the only instance handvourite! But that there are some of ed down to us, we might have treated this stamp I am fully persuaded, and it as the chimera of a fabling poet; but my own knowledge of the world has out of many others which I have read brought me acquainted even with the and heard of, I shall conclude this paper persons and characters of them. To with the story of Rosicrufias's Sepulchre. dispute their abilities, would be as ab “ A person having occafion to dig fomefurd as to imitate their practice. But if what deep in the ground where this philosoo these abilities are suffered to lie dor- pher lay interred, met with a small door, have mant and forgotten, from a want of ing a wall on each fide of it. . His curiosity, courage or inclination in the posseffor to and the hopes of finding fome hidden treas: exert them, we are certainly not obliged fure, soon prompted him to force open the to reward them as though they were
door. He was immediately surprised by a
sudden blaze of lighi, and discovered a very exerted, nor esteem them as sufficient to make up for those crimnes which can
fair vault. At the upper end of it was the
ftatue of a man in armour, utting by a table, only be ascribed to himielf. We may and leaning on his left arm. He held atruna im pute to him the loss of many addi- cheon in his right band, and had a lamp tions and improvements to the republic burning before him. The man had no sooner
, of letters, and refuse to treat him as a set one foot within the vault, than the itatue, member of that body which the stub- erefting itself from its leaning pofture, food bornness of his nature refuses to or- bo, -upright, and, upon the fellow's advance nament.
ing another step, lifted up the trunchieon in Perhaps one reason (and that a strong its right hand. The man fill ventured a phe too) why these kind of men object blow, broke the lamp in a thousand pieces, to appear in a more public character is this : that, being conicious of a reputa: Upon the report of this adventure, the coun
and left his guest in a sudden darkneis.tion already established, fo as not easily try people foon came with lights to the le. to be loft, and dufident of their abilities pulchres and discovered that the ftatue, which when exposed to the rigour of partial was made of brass, was nothing more than a criticism, and the cavils of every fcrib- piece of clock-word, and that the floor of the bling puppy, they would prefer a nume vault was all loose, and underiaid with fevebuilt upon a temporary foundation to ral springs, which, upon any man's entering, the honours of immortality and the ven naturally produced what had happened."
Hiforical Account of Milton Abbas School.
121 MR. URBAN, Bristol, Jan. 24. then the abovementioned feoffees should In
rev. Mr. Hutchins, author of the said school; but, if such licence could History of Dorset (in Bibl. Topog. not be obtained, that then the fcoffees, Britann. No XXXIV.) a short account is after the expiration of the faid term, given of the foundation of Milton Ab should sell the said manor, and employ bas school in that county. The author the money arising therefrom in the of the anecdotes has very properly ob- maintenance of the school, as long as served, that the account inserted in Mr. might be. In pursuance of which, Hutchins's Hiftory is so very inaccurate, Kirton conveyed the same manor, farm, that one can hardly suppose it to have and free chapel, to the before mentioned been the work of Mr. Hutchins. A feoffces, for the purposes abovemenhint is given, that the manuscript was tioned. I interpolated after it went out of Mr. The chief design of the foundation Hurchins's hands. Whether that was, was, without doubt, for the education or was not the case, let those who are of the novicus of, the abbey. The acquainted with the business speak out. purchase-money for the farm, with It is not my present incention to exa which the school was endowed, was mine the errors of Mr. Hutchins, or paid out of the abbey stock, and, as far his transcribers, but to present the pub as we can learn, the monks were intelic, by means of your Magazine, a
rested in it as much as the abbot. It fuller relation of the foundation and is well known that the sons of gentleendowment of the school than has hi men were often instructed in the motherto appeared.
nafteries; and perhaps, before the founThe school of Milton Abbas was dation of this ichool, there was no one founded by William Middleton, abbot belonging to, or near the monastery of of Milton, in the twelfth year of Hen. Milton, to which the neighbouring VIII. About the same time he pur- gentlemen might send their children. chased of Thomas Kirton che manor, On which account this school might be farm, and free chapel of Little Mayne considered as not only beneficial to the in the county of Dorset, with which he abbey, but allo to the whole adjoining endowed the school. The founder of country. the school was also a great benefactor In a late fuit between the lord of the to his convent, and his rebus may be manor of Milcon and the feoffees of the seen in the south aisle of Milton church, school, it was insisted on by the plainin which parish he was probably born. tiff, that the school was not intended for By a deed, dated 10th Feb. 12th Hen. grammar learning, but for teaching VIII. under the common feal of the reading, writing, and arithmetic, to abbey of Milton, the said abbot, with the poor inhabitants of Milton. It will the consent of his convent, granted the require no great strength of reasoning to laid manor of Little Mayne to Kirton, refute fo idle an hypothesis. The prowhich he had before purchased of him, bable intention of the foundation I have upon trust that Kirton should convey mentioned above; and shall only obthe same unto Giles Strangways, knt. serve, that the service of the church, Thomas Arundell, knt. Matthew A. the registers of abbies, and most acts of runden his son and heir apparent, Tho- law, were at that time written in Latin.' mas Trenchard, knt. John Horsey, kot. Even in common letters the Latin lane George De La Lynde, efq. John Ro- guage was generally used. Would an gers, efq. Thomas Hufley, Robert abbot then found a school for teaching Martin, Thomas Moreton, Robert Englich only? Of what service could Coker, Robert Strode, Henry Alley, that be either to the abbey or the fiare? John Frampron, Thomas Trenchard, Besides, it was not for the interest of John Williams, and Waltes Grey, the religious to diffuse learning amongit esqrs, and others, to the intent to main the daily : they kneiv too well that the tain a free grammar-school in the town pillars of fiiperitition must be fnaker of Milton, and to employ the profits of when the people were as intelligent as the said manor to the maintenance of themselves. Add to this, that in fire the said school, and of a schoolmatter, vile tenants in most of the manors bca for the term of 97 years : but if within longing to the monasteries were not perthat time licence inight be obtained to 'mitted to put their children to ichung alien the said manor in morimain, that without consent of their lords; the reaGent: Mag. Feb. 1786.