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16 Clara Reeves's Opinion of Richardson, &c. controverted. to bear, without general indignation, the ries ought to set them above it. The demolition of their poetic thrines; till consciousness of this truth may preserve he waved the heretical banner, ignorance young minds from rod implicit a faith in and envy were seldom bold enough to the decisions of even the greatest writers publith decisions that arrogantly contro upon the compositions of iheir brethren. verted universal opinion; they were Mr. Hayley thus beautifully addresses awed into filence by the splendour of ef rising genius on ihat subject in his Ejay tablithed fame. But now, beneath the on Epic Poetry; and the passage applies shield of the late arch.infidel to the scripe equally to ingenious readers as to those turis or Apollo, no absurdity is thought who write : too :'agrant to be foifted upon the alteria “ The inborn vigour of your fouis defend, tion of the publick, and the press teems Nor lean too fondly on the firmelt friend; with the monsters of unfeeling criticism. Genius may fink on Criticilm's breast,
I saw an extra& lately, in one of the Ry weak dependance on her truth opprest; periodical publications, from Clara Sleep on her lar, and stretch his lifeless length, Reeves's Progress of Romance, in wħich Shorn by her soothing handof all his strength.” She is ridiculous enough to place Ris But, to return from general ideas on chardson's two immortal works, Gian- critical decision to the range affertion of dison and Clarisa, below his perithable Clara Reeves. No person endowed with Pamela, whose remembrance is only any refinement of perception, any accukept alive by the illustrious name of its racy of judgemeni, can think Pamela parent; a withering branch on a tree of superior to Grandison and Clarissa. amaranth.
No mind, defc&live in thole powers, The yet unsated pleasure which I had could have diclared the Englis Bardr. received from repeated perusals of the Either then that work was not written ENGLISH BARON, excited an affection. by Clara Recves, or fe is convicted of a ate regard for its author, and solicitude design to millead the taste of the publick. for her fame; therefore did the absur. She had not been more absurd, had the dity of asserting, that Pamela is the chef. asserted that Tilus Andronicus is the most d'euvre of Richardfon, pair as well as Sublime, and Love's Labour Loft the most disgus me; and, without any personal interesting, of Shakspeare's p'ays. Verily knowledge of this lady, excite those un we have seen decisions from a greater pen pleasant sensations which we feel from than Clara Reeves no whit leis extraorcontemplating folly in our friends, which dinary. Witness that which pronounces we know mu! is jure thein.
Dryden's bombast poem on the death of There is but one way of accounting Anne Killigrew to be the noblest ode in for a decision fo lenfeleis. The Engins the Engli language ! Baron, charming as it is, can and on The observations on Rousseau's Eloisa, no line of equality with Grandison, and quoted from the PROGRESS OF Ro. the yet greater Clarisa; which the late MANCE, are jult, but they are not new; Dr. Johnson, amidst his too frequent in they are not Clara Reeves's. The author justice to authors, and general parfimony himself insinuates his reafuns for the of praise, uniforınly asserted to be not composition of this work in the preface, only the first novel, but that perhaps it given under the form of a dialogue, full was the firit work in the English lan- of pretended reproach for that unfashionguage. The English Baron, its author able philofophy, which ventures to ex. well knows, is better written than Pa. cule the indiscretion of a single woman, mela, that dim dawn of an illustrious and treats the gallanties or the married genius; and the heart of Clara Reeves, ones with such unbounded severity. Tefs candid and fincere than her imagi. These reasons are also covertly given nation is happy, with the co-operation in a letter of St. Pieux to Eloisa, from of that eternal misleader self-conceit, Paris, in which he declaims upon the suggested this too common pra&tice of innocence of their attachment, yet un. disingenuous spirits, to attempt the de. tiain’d by infidelity, compared with the gradation of a superior writer, by ex. inconftant libertinism of the Parisian Lolling a work of his, which they know married ladies. they can ibemselves excel, above those In those passages, Rousseau covertly big ber efforts of his genius, which they suggests his own apology for the most feel unattainable,
faulty part of Eloisa. There is, there. Let the ingenuous reader always re fore, no new light thrown upon that collect, that there is a great deal of this work by Miss Reeves. finesse practised by authors whose abilie To what heights of arrogance is pub.
Original Anecdote of Villiers, D. of Buckingham.The Jutæ. 17 lic criticism arrived, when one Mr. he replied, “I will to God they were Heron, “ of unbalhful forehead,” denies all foxes.” Another was, that, when the poetic sublimity to the language of the Duke on a time was calling with reSCRIPTURÈS; and, in a style deformed peated vehemence for a pot of ale, the by perpetual vulgarisms, decides upon landlord at the White Horse was heard the style of others, and gives the lie to to mutter in reply from a back room, the admiring fiat of ages; who denies to “ Your Grace is in a plaguy hurry; I'll Virgil and co Pope a grain of original come as soon as I have served my hogs.” genius ; pronounces the first of all pro. This circumstance the poet, had he heard fessedly descriptive poems, Thomson's of it, would have expressed in a strong Seafons, a nauseous work, and sentences and forcible manner, very different from it to oblivion ! And do we not see Mr. the following: Hoole exhibiting the poetafter Scott in Samę ale! fome ale ! th' impetuous Villiers the act of impotently attempting to new
cries : model the poetic matter of our greatest To whom the surly landlord thus replies : masters; miftaking for weeds some of Plague on your Grace ! you treat me like a their richest flowers, and, like the owl, 1'serve your Lordship--when I've fervid finding darkness in excessive light! Yours, &c. A.S.
ant of the Jutæ or Viti, I am 0he was told that Villiers, Duke of bliged to take notice of the reflexion that Buckingham, ended his days at an ale. Governor Pownall calls on my ancelors house in Yorkshire, because he undoubte by calling them pirates (Archæologia, edly spent the latter part of his life, and vol. VII. p. 369.) We Guri, or Viri, died, at the White Horse at Empingham, were permitted by King Ina to settle in in the county of Rutland, within a few this kingdom on an equal footing with miles of his noble mansion of Burleigh the rest of his subjects, because we are on the Hill + : an amazing instance descended, as we can prove by record, this of that abjectness of temper peculiar “ de nobili fanguine Anglorum," from ibe to spendthrifts! who certainly have not noble blood of tbe Angles (Leges Edo. the feelings of other men; since a man vardi.) Now Ina was too wise and too of true spirit would have concealed his just a prince to have suffered pirates, or infamy, and deplorable reverse of fore any set of men who were not of untune, in any remote corner of the king, doubted reputation, to mix with his dom, rather than have subjected himself peaceable and well-regulated people, to insult, and the most complicated mi. Give me leave to say, that few families sery and wretchedness, almost within have so antient or so cquitable a title to fight of the scene of his late splendour their possessions in this island. They and dissipation.
who came in with the ravaging Danes, When I was young (forty years ago), or with the Norman invader, certainly I used to visit for months at the next vile have not; and, if the early Saxons had lage to Empingham, where, among the committed any injustice in their first eftaold people, I picked up some anecdotes blishment, it was before we migrated respecting the abovementioned unhappy hither, for we had the rare felicity to peer, which were then fresh in the minds settle peaceably, and to be admitted to of men t. One of thele was, that, when all the privileges of fellow-citizens with he was riding one day in his park with general consent. Where is the man, his steward, he asked whose Theep (a unless he can prove his descent from the large Aock feeding before them) those Armorici, who can make it appear, that were? On the steward's answering, his ancesiors gained an establishment in your Grace's;” with some quickness this country on terms so respectable :
Ricardus Vitus Bahnstocbius. * See Mr. Pope's celebrated character of the Duke of Buckingham, in one of his
Mr. URBAN, cpiftles on the use and abuse of riches :
FACIT INDIGNATIO. In the worst inn's worst room," &c. ţ Burleigh on the Hill stands on a superb H for ,
AVING always had a high admieminence, overlooking the towij of Okeham and vale of Catmofe ; and is not the seat of the late Doctor SAMUEL JOHNSON, the Earl of Winchelsea.
it has not been without a strong trial of The Duke died in the year 1687. my patience that I have heard in conver
18 Vindication of Dr. Johnson and Mr. Boswell.
A writer in your Magazine of last knows that he himself could; and theremonth, under the signature of D. H. fore thinks it great presumption in Mr. with a view to depreciate the author of B. to pretend to that integrity which ten that very entertaining and instructive thousand possess as well as he.) 3. By work, which does great credit to the Dr. Blair's mentioning (499), that Dr. memory of Dr. Johnson, and to the Johnson loved and esteemed Mr. B. 4. head and heart of his friend, charges By Dr. Jobnson's having made (505) a him in capitals, (left the minuteness of very laughable parody on a passage in Sir his criticism Tould escape notice) with John Dalrymple's MEMOIRS: (the reae vanity, forwardness, impertinence, natio der may smile, but this is seriously re. nality, absurdity, and difrespect to the ferred to as a proof of the author's insuf. memory of Dr. Johnson : he further as-' ferable vanity.) 5. By the journalist's serts, that the Doctor told Mr. Boswell, claiming fome merit (507) in having as plainly as an Englishman can speak, persuaded Dr. J. to undertake the tour, " that his Journal was not fit to be print and thus having been, in some measure, ed :" and he concludes with this remark- the cause “ that our language has been able paragraph: • it is time to for- enriched with such a book as that which bear, since the od strap on the he published on his return; a book which knuckles is b 3 3 3 ciledoor to make (says Mi. Boswell) I never read but with Mr. B. virum volitare per ora (502); the warmest admiration, as I had such and there is no room' in heaven for men opportunities of knowing from what who do not think with him, (482.)” Of very meagre materials it was composed." all these heavy charges he does not ad. And, lastly, by his printing a letter duce a single proof, but quotes the pages (521) from Sir William Forbes, in which in which, be would have it underfood, that gentleman says, " that this Journal the reader 'may find his remarks fully is formed on the most instructive plan juftified and supported.
that can be thought of ;" and that he is The late Mr. Gray, in order to con “ not sure an ordinary observer would ceal his numerous plagiarisms, the epi- be so well acquainted either with Dr. J. thers, phrases, and sometimes half-lines, or the manners of the Hebrides, by a per• that he fole from preceding poets, which, fonal intercourse, as by a perufal of it." perhaps, at some future time may be Here is, literally, every single proof fully displayed, has, at the bottom of referred to, to substantiate the charge of his pages, occasionally quoted paffages vanily; and I suppose no reader will hefrom elder writers which he imitated : fitate to pronounce the journalist not and without doubt he thought himself guilty. Not one of the her charges securely sheltered under this apparent having better foundation, it is almost uncandour ; and that the indolent and necessary to examine them minutely; but, good-natured reader would never look that your correspondent may not say that further. D. H. has adopted a somewhat his antagonift follows his artful method, similar plan: having referred to the pare and shelters himself under generalities, I sages that were to substantiate his charge, fhall request your patience, Mr. Urban, he imagined the appearance of such ac a little longer. Let me, however, siap curacy and ingenuousness would soothe one moment, to mention a circumstance his reader to perfect credulity, and that that I have heard of the late Dr. Johnhe would never take the trouble of turnfon, which the futile remarks of this ing to the pages cited: but unluckily he critick have brought to my memory.-miscalculated; for, happening to be in the A very mean writer having in a pamcountry, and being perteatly at leisure, 1 phlet abused him very grossly, and very
Vindication of Dr. Johnson and Mr. Bofwelt. -19 clumsily at the same time, the pamphlet sense, and contain the wile decifions of was shewn to Johnson : after running his ages. As long as France Shall exist, the eye over the pages in which he was a- people of that country will probably be bused, he colded it away with a smile, vain, talkative, gay, and frivolous ; and adding these words :-"the fellow has so long, probably, will the inhabitants made a dinner out of me, but I could of old England preferve the characı have done it much better myself.” Thus ter they have long borne, that of a your correspondent has thewn at once his brave, generous, thinking, and someinalevolence and his impotence; for, what phlegmatick people. If, indeed, while he has adduced what is not in the we argue from the general character to least to the purpose," he has omitted what every individual in a country, we argue might very properly, have been objected fallly; but the general character is still tô Mr. Boswell, his making a very un true. Were it allowable, however, to reasonable account of high birth, and an- make any exception to this rule, with tiquity of family ; a circumstance which respect to individuals, it should be in the it is extremely idle in him to consider as case of Scotland; for a liberal-minded a matter of great importance, or ever to Scorchman, unbiassed by those national mention oftentatiouny; though, wo man prejudices, and unconnected with those ought wholly to despise it : nor indeed is national combinations, which disgrace it despised by any but by those who have that country, is a phænomenon indeed I it not, by persons of mean origin, who But that the very liberal writer of this yer are willing enough to obrain
any dis- Journal fould be charged with nationtinction whenever they can, and to trans- ality, is somewhat extraordinary.
He mit to their children honours which they who has said, that Dr. J. was particularly themselves pretend to think of no value. prejudiced against the Scots, because
II. The forwardness of the Journalist he thought their success in England rais proved, 1. by his having once intended ther exceeded the due proportion of their (301) to have been of a club in East- real merit; and because he could not but cheap. 2. By his drinking the Dutchess lee in them that nationality which he of Argyle's health at her own table (Mr. B.) conceives no liberal-minded (447). And 3. By his having, when Scotchman will deny ;" he who has faid very young, been guilty of a boyish that Dr. “ Johnson's Journey to the frolick in the playhouse (496). These Western Ilands' has been misapprehendcurious documents require no comment.. ed even to rancour by his counirymen;" III. The indisputable proofs of his im- he who has brought forward Dr. Johnpertinence are, 1. that he asked Dr. J; fon's pointed sarcasm, that “ Scotland as whether he had never been accustomed is composed of stone and water, with a to wear a night-cap, and whether it was litile earth appearing here and there anot best to wear one” (331); and 2. by bove the stone:” that he who exhibits such bis good-humouredly telling Dr. John- a rare example of candour, as is thewn son, when he threatened to return bastily in the pallages here cited, all written by
to London, that he should not go till a Scorchman, should be misapprehended | Mr. B. cold hiin it was fit for him to do and misreprelented “ even to rancour"
so (335.). IV: The solitary instance of by, his countrymen, would not be sure
That the Scorch are the mot national his catalogue, of what he is pleased to people upon earth, has been long with call, the Journaliit's “ absurdity, and justice observed.
A late superficial, trivial representations of his friend." vain, and impudent writer, of that coun. The pages he refers to do not, in the try, has strongly protested against nati, smallest degree, warrant bis impuration. onal reflections; and one hears it asserted They indeed exhibit minute iraits of almost every day, that nothing is so illic character, which this fnarler chooses to beral. But the fact is, that the charac. call trivial, but which every other reader
ters, like the proverbs of nations, are must be highly pleated with. A journal generally founded on truth and goud does not afpire to the digni:y of history,
20 Vindication of Dr. Johnson and Mr. Boswell. and, even if it did, the author might that were casually started during this be defended; for certainly those lighter tour, and the minute occurrences of it, strokes of character, and those minute were not (he feared) of sufficient importincidents, which historians despise as un ance to engage the attention of the publick? worthy of notice, often give a more faith. That he meant nothing more than this is ful and lively portrait of a celebrated manifest, from his having written with man, than circunstances of more dignity his own hand at Oxford, the year before and moment. Who would with that Sir he died, a page in his friend's journal, Philip Warwick had suppressed his mi- to supply a defect in it; a trouble that nute account of Cromwell's first appear- he never would have taken, if he had not ance in the House of Commons, in a then thought that, some time or other, it coat ill made by a country taylor, with a would be published. dirty band, spotted with blood, in con I have now done with this futile cavil. sequence of his having cur himself when ler; but cannot dismiss him without obMhaving? What a trait of character have serving, that the last paragraph of his we in the well-known story of that art letter betrays that kind of ignorance, for ful, hypocritical, canting tyrant's having which a boy in the lowest form at Westthrown the cushion of his chair at the minster school, were he to fhew equal stuhead of one of his juntos, and drawn the pidity in explaining a pallage of an ancient pen
full of ink through the mouth of a- author, would be well fogged. The words nother, while they were signing the war. alluded to, which I have inentioned in a Tant for the execution of Charles i-An former part of this letier, are these : “ le amiable nobleman, who filled the first is time to forbcar, fwee the hardest rap on law-office in this country, and is yet liv. the knuckles is but a battledoor to make ing, is said, when he was possessed of the Mr. B. virum volitare per ora (502); and great seal, to have been often found ly. tbere is no room in heaven for men who do ing on a couch reading a dovel, with two not think with him." The page of Mr. B.'s or three of his children playing, round Journal quoted in proof of the latter af. him, and pulling his wig, which he bore fertion, is p. 422, in which, after speakwith per:e£t good-humour. If ever his ing of his father and Dr. Jolofon, he life should be inserted in the Biograpbia adds, " I trust they have met in beaven, Dritannica, and the conductor of that But I must obferve, iu juftice to my work should omit this little circumstance, friend's political opinions, and my own, as not of sufficient importance, I can that they have met in a place where there only say that he knows nothing of bio- is no room for wbiggism.” Mr. B. has graphy, of nature, or the human heart. throughout his book professed himself to Dr. J. in the Hebrides Ariding about with be, like Dr. Johnson, a tory, though a a target in his hand, and with a large blue moderate one: He describes his father bonnet on his busy grey wig, is Lord C. as a violent wbig, and he supposes his playing at blindman's búff with his chil- father, " who did not think with him," dren, or Cromwell frolicking with Harry and Dr. Johnlon, to be now in heaven : Martin in the council-chamber.
and yet this writer is fupid enough to VI. The only remaining charge a- fay, that, according to Mr. Botwell's gainit Mr. B. is a pretty heavy one, but own position, there is no room in heaven has just as little foundation as the rest. for those who do not think wild him; beIt is, that Dr. J. told the journalist (p. cause he has said, that " in heaven 276,) " that his journal was not fit for there is no room for wbiggism.” Had printing." Tl.. words referred to, to the words been, “ where there is no prove this assertion, are, “ Your journal room for wbigs," the matter would have is not written in a Novenly manner.. It been very different. I despair of ex. MIGHT BE PRINTED, were the subject plaining this distinction to your correfit for printing.” This method of prov. ipondent, unless I had the power which ing a man alive, by the wing that he is the fable supposes Iphigenia to have pos. dead, is quite novel; and was, I ima- sesled; but every reader of common gine, adopted on Mr. Bayes's plan, to sense must see at once, that it is very elevate and furprize. But I suppose we confiftent for a tory to suppose, that a shall be told, that we have Dr. Johnson's person of totally different principles from own authority that the subject was not himself may be admitted into heaven, and fit for printing. Who but this argu- yet at the same time to affert, that in the mentative suicidę does not at once foc regions of omnipotent power the System chat Dr. J. only means modestly to infi- must be (if I may use the words without nuate, that a narrative, composed of his profaneness,) not whiggism, but the owo layings and opinions on the topicks