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Gent. Mag. March 1786. Platz I.

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Historical Picture (the Suffering of Henry VI.contrasted with those of JOB)

from the Original in the Popeption of W. Sackson of Canterbury Esq"

Hiftoric Picture of Henry VII. and Job described. 191 accountable. The drawing is 25 by 16. tyrs ;” application was indeed made by In 1517 Holbein could have been only Henry the Seventh, who was pleased to 20, being born in 1498.

regard himself as the heir of the House Yours, &c.

J. D. of Lancaster, for that purpose; but it

is supposed that, on account of the exMR. URBAN, Canterbury, March 3. Pence which the prosecution of the plan By the defire of a late eminent anti

would have required, it was filently dropquary, I send you the following ac- ped. The late Mr. Cole had a missal with count of a curious picture in my pose prayers * addressed to him. But to retura fession, with my own conjectures con to the Picture, Behind the King Itands a cerning ic; hoping that some of your figure, which, I think, resembles that of correspondents, more conversant with the Duke of Gloucester in Mr W's pico matters of antiquity than myself, may eturet : of the resemblance I cannot peak be able to give you a more clear expla- with certainty, for I have not the 4to edination than mine., It consists of two tion of the “ Anecdotes," in which only the doors, three feet high, and each of them print from the picture is, and it is a long one foot in breadth; thele, when fut, time since I saw it. This figure is dreiled is formed one picture ; I have therefore put a short robe of a brown colour, and has them in one frame. I apprehend that a red cap on its head. Behind the Queen they have formerly belonged to an altar. is a lady, in red; on her head is a large piece; for I remember to have seen, not cap, with a black cawl. These are all unfrequently, in the Flemih churches, a the figures : the back ground represents a little cupboard in the middle part of the chamber. Mr W's picture more properaltar, in which the relics are kepts and ly describes the nuptial ceremony perI particularly recollect such a one at the forming before the door of a church ; church of St. Bertin, at St. Omer's, for that fuch was the custom of the which has little folding doors painted in times, we learn, I think, either from the compartiments, like these of mine. The Prologue or the Tale of the Wife of historical part of both of them shuts in. Bath . Mr. W. says, very troly, that wards. Each door of my picture is di “ long hair was a mark of virginity;" vided into cighe compartiments

. The first it was also a mark of royalty; and at’a of these represents the marriage of Henry very early period; for, if I recollect the Sixth; the hands of the Royal pair right, there was a severe punishinent oraré conjoined ; and a prelate is perform- dained, by the Salic law (once so well ing the nuptial ceremony, by holding a known by the splendid knight-errantry holy pallium over them. Henry is of our Edwards and Henrys), against dreited in an embroidered gown, which those who thould cut off the hair of a reaches to his feet, and he has a nimbus Prince. So much for the first compartisound his head. The Queen has on a ment, in the description of which I have

plain blue robe; the crown is on her been the more diffuse, because of its rehead; and her long hair hangs down femblance to Mr. W's curious picture. her waist, the prominence of which The second represents the Marriage-fealt, would better befit a matron than a bride. There are four figures at the table: at You must perceive that, as far as I have the head of it fits the King; next to him described this compartiment, it bears a a lady in a red dress, next to her the very close resemblance to Mr. Walpole's Queen; and at the bottom of the table picture of the marriage of Henry 'the an elderly man in red : the two guests do Sixth, described in the first volume of

not reseinhle the two at the marriage. the " Anecdotes of Painting,' &c.; and A man playing on a pipe is in the corwhich he imagines to have been painted ner of the room. Third compartiment, after the King's death. That both his, King Henry standing in a chamber hung and that which I am now describing, were round with armour; two chelts, filled fo, is, I think, clear, because of the with money, are open before him. Fourth, nimbus round the head; an honour, I be. The same figure, which seems to be re? lieve, not conferred on the living; nor ceiving intelligence of some great miloften on the dead, except they were en fortune, from three soldiers; probab:v of rolled in the Roman Calendar of Saints. the loss of the French Provinces. The King Henry owed this glorious distinction to the partiality of the painter, most proba * British Top. II. 112, n. bly one of his zealous partizans; for this *** Nor muchEdit. pious monarch was never enlisted, by the « Holbands at the Church-door had the Pope, in the Noble Army of Mar.

five,"

hands

192 Hiforic Pikture of Henry VI. and Job described. hands are lifted up; and surprise and female figure dressed in a long "robe of grief are well expressed in the counte a greenith hue; she has on her head a nance. Beyond this compartiment, I white hood, which falls down on her am unable to find any certain traces of shoulders, and, I think, is

very

like those the history of Henry, the remaining worn by that order of lay lifters, who four, on this part of the door, and ali attend the fick: bebind her stand two those on the other, seem to be occupied 'men. How is this to be reconcilcd to by the story of Job. The figure and the story of Job Scripture tells us, thar tace of Henry, and the nimbus round his three friends went to comfort him ; he head, are continued through the bue we do not learn that'he received any whole of the picture; as also is the comfort from his wife. But the expoftudress, except in those parts where Job lated with him before his three friends is represented in his extreme misery. In came. the fifth compártiment, are' ten little I am inclined to believe that the obchildren, fivc of cach'fex, kneeling before jeæ of the painter, through the whole of the same figure as represented Henry VI. his work, was, in some measure, to draw who is in the attitude of bleRinig them.

a parallel between the sufferings of the Sixth, Satan “well appointed,” accord. King and the Patriarch. The history

ing to the mythology of the mob, with of - Henry is continued as far as it agrees cloven feet, and horns, and a tail. He is with that of Job. Each of thein was conversing with the Deity, a figure in a born in á fate of great worldly profpelong blue rohe, with a globe in the left writy, and for some time enjoyed it: this hand, and with a nimbus round the head. *

was succeeded by the severest'rrials, and This is Satan's application to God for the heaviest milery. But the parallel will permission to torment Job. Seventh, Satán hold no 'farther. ---Providence, which Playing a labouring servant, who is in a exercises its kindness and its wisdom, furrowed field-in the back-ground are sometimes, in bestowing temporal feli. two horses. This, I suppose, alludes 'to ''city, and sometimes in taking it away, the capture and laughter of Job's fer-, allowed that happiness to Job, which it vants, as they were ploughing in the field,denied to Henry; and which, if it were Eighth, Satan destroving the fons' and

to be obtained by worldly magnanimity, daughters of Job, who were feating in or its decline protracted by human pru-, a chamber. This is the last comparti- dence, had perhaps been secured no

At the back of this part of the Henry by the vigorous fpirit and un

a large figure, with a musical in- wearied perfeverance of Margaret of Itrument in his hand, giving directions Anjou: The meek and pious king, alto another, which seems to be that of a*

ways occupied in the exercise of religi. musician. The principal figure has been gious offices, religred all the coils of thought, by a learned antiquary, to bear itate to the care of this abler confort. much resemblance to that of Henry the

She was the head and the hand; and Seventh.

It is dretsed in a dark brown directed the confultations of the counrobe, linedwith white, which, being turn

cil, and ihe operations of the field. ed back, forms a white band round the Such was the wife of Henry. Let us neck and shoulders, and is continued, take a short vieiv of the wife of the gradually diminithing, to the waist, which Patriarch. I'will quote from a Right is girt with a belt. There is a black cap Rev. author. -" The next person in the on the head, but no glory round it.

drama," says he," is Jobs wife : the The first compartiment on the corre

acts a short part indeed, but a very fpi-, sponding door represents three shepherds rited one. The Devil assaulted Job, but telling the tale of their misfortunes and he seems to have got poffeffion of her, ly resembles that of King Henry, in the Happiness was so little to be expected

with such a woman, that onc almost 4th compartiment, already described, ex

wonders the facred writer, when he cept that the face of Job stems older aims to give us the highest idea of Job's smiting Job with a club, who is fit- lucceeding felicity, did not tell us, in ting naked on tome rushes. Third, job, express terms, that he lived to bury his

wife,” Whilft I am writing, a thought in the same fituation, reasoning with a

occurs to me, which will, I think,

throw some light on the more difficult • The figures on the back shall be engrave parts of the picture. Perhaps, the ed in a future Magazine. EDIT.

paiuter, who venerated the pious cha

racter

ment.

door *

Sufferings of Henry VI. and Job paralleled. --Hendon Font. 193 falter of Henry, might regard the bold which is like those in the fifth and fixth and turbolent spirit of Margaret with companiments : all of them are marked different sensations. The revivers of with a cross, and have a rude repre. the arts were generally found amongst fentation of a legend round the edge. the religour orders; and, supposing the Such is the beft defcription I am able printer to have belonged to one of to give you of the picture. You, Mr. them, a thing not in probable, it is very Urban, and your readers, will excuse easy to apprchend that the character of this defaltory letter, written by one Henry,

linele versed in antiquarian researches. Whofe mind was bent to holinels,

I fhall be neither offended, nor furpris To number Ave Maries on his teada,

ed, to be told that my explanation of Whole ftudy was his eile-yud, and his loves the fory is erroneous; but thall be hapa Were brozen images of canonized fainismo

py to be corre&ed by any of your cor

respondents, whose pursuits and acI say,

it is easy to apprehend that such a quirements render them more able to character would be regarded by reli judge of matters of this sort than I am. ginus fuperftition with the highest re

Yours, &c. W. JACKSON Yerence; whild a woman, bursting be. yond the limits of that decent privacy MR. URBAN, Rocheffer, March 27. prescribed to her fox, and of queftionable chastity too, might be an obje&t of de in your Magazine for last month are

fome monumental inscriptions in teftation and horror. The painter might Mendon Church-yard, which bring to tegard this “ She-wolf of France," mind the font in the church at that dc"chis blood-bestained Neapoliran," like lightfully rural place. It ftands on the another Helen, bringing with her de- left band of the principal entrance, and diruction for her dowry.

is very remarkable for the antiquity of Fourch, Job naked, and on his

knees, its appearance, being of a square form praying to the Deity, before him, who and very large, having its lides ornaiss presented in the usual maner.

mented with columns, fupporting sirFifth, Three Musicians, one of them cular arches; which are, to the bed of offering a piece of yellow money to Job's my recoliction, in a tadle of Norman wife, who is standing at the door of architecture, and rudely executed. I houle, and foems in the attitude of refusing tould, Tır, esteem any of your correit. One of the men has an inftrument foundents entitled to my ancere thanks, in his hand, resembling a mandoline * who would give some relation concern

Sixth, fob's wife throwing watercoing this apparently venerable font. him out of a brass kettle: he is lying

ANÁTOR VETUSTATIS. on fome rufhes, is covered with boils, and has a piece of money in his hand,

MR: URBAN,

LEASE to inform your Carrefponexactly likeshe king : he is fitting at feat! PLEASI

dent R. G. of Lichfield, that, in his wife and another woman on his left the Library of Corpus Christi College, hand : there are allo four other figures at in Oxford, there is a large calle&ion of the table. Eighth, Job on this death-bed: che Mercurius Aulicus, probably cone by his fide a white friar, on his knees, taining all the numbers that were puber holding a lighed taper : he is in the

lished; and, I believe, also, of its anarticude of prayer; as alfo is Job's tagonist, the Mercurius Rufticus. It is wife and a figure in a red gown, be

very many years since I saw these vo. hind which fand four others. At the lumesk and therefore I recollect liste back of this part of the door is a figure elfe of them, but that they were numeof Job Ciscing on ruskes, which lie on a

rous. Some Oxford friend will pera Hone feat he is naked and full of boils, haps favour your readers with a more and has a piece of money in his hand, particular

plescription of them, and allo

with an account of what staces may These another correspondent takes to remain, either in the books of the core Be Job's friends bringing him " pieces of poration, or those of particular colleges, money," when he was restored to his prof. selasive co Queen Elizabeth's vifts to perity, and the seventh compartment repre. that tamous Uniwersity in 1566 and fents them " casing bread ; " i. e. feafting

Yours &s.

P. H. with him. The mandoline is a big Ep11. 1992. Gext. Mac. Mareb, 1986.

BIO.

March 19.

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194

Biographical Sketch of Dr. Jebb."
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. riction, that he owed a sacrifice to the

died at his

cause of truth, whatever it might be, O Nature in Parliament- Areet

, John

hc had purity of mind voluntarily to en Jebb, M. D. F. R. S. one of the care counter, and constancy so fupport. High, lieft members of the Society for Conti indeed, he Stood amongft the noble ar?

(ertors of religious liberty : and he was Encional Information ; formerly Fellow of Peter House, Cambridge.

farther destined to be the strenuous, the Struck wich the fate of academical eniightened defender of civil freedom

on its most solid and comprehenfive discipline, he proposed the liberal and

foundations. great design of public examination, im

In this field of exertion, this island, partially to include every order of itudents in the Several Colleges, and of Ireland, India, America, and wherever

else the rights of mankind feemed ca. adequate encouragement to every

kind of proficiency. To him, as an indivi- pable of being aided again fraud or dual, no change in the system was ne force, were to him the objects of in cellary for the acquirement of fame : universal patriotism. The erial by ju. for, while excellence of any kind thould ries, in subtance as well

as form; short

parliaments, equalized representation, be distinguished, his would have a fhare ampler than he was ever disposed warekrifted exercise of the right of to claim in the estimation of the bent fullrage mchele were the fecurities, the judges. He was respected as a mathe. conficutional claims of Englishmen, his

efforts ftrove to eftablish. Far from matician ; ftill more as a philosopher; and published, with the affiftance of carving and compromising how much

of their liberties Ahould be indulged two gentlemen, Messrs. Thorpe and Wollaston, for the use of those who them, as a favour, he thoughe full and were desirous to proceed in chat line, fair information was to be laid before a much-esteemed Selection of the them, aod, theirselves, to judge and to « Principia" of Newton, that grand and of giving offect to their sentiments,

act upon it. The mode of expreffing, result of fublime geometry, applicd to the elements of physics : "in his clasi- which he suggested, may be feen in his cal caste he was diftinguifhed : his eri. Letter to the Chairman of the Hunting

don Committees and in subsequent cracts. rical learning and abilities were ac, I was direct, open, peaceful, orderly: knowledged, even by those who

would and whenever it ball be adopted in have withed to have seen them exercif- the several counties, an effectual and ed in purfuits of less free and generous generally approved reform will be the inveftigation. As s preacher, fimpli fruit. Vor can I imagine any other city, Clearners, peculiar power of per method of uniting the public energy, fuasion, energy, the advantages of voice

on clear, confident, adequate princi. and manner, judgement, candour, face

pico, will be found. And the reftitu. riey, fenfibility, rendered him worthy to

tion of our own liberties, with improv. have been heard by any Attic audience; ed fecurity, he wished might be prelu.

so , fels with the love of truth and good freedom in cvery part of the globe. nefs, she reason and the hearts of a

His benevolent zcal, his cloquence, his congregation professing Chriftianity. His # Dilcourse on Benevolence" like there. No confidence in any party,

unwearied spirit, were exerted in foils will be more particularly recollected by no admiration of any man's abilities, maay. It has been reprinced, about no opinion even of his virtues, no hatwo years past, by the defire of those bits of attachment in politics, no indu. who felt the principles it explains, and affe&tionately recommends to be the friends he was the tenderest and the

ence of personal friendship (and of bafe of private contentment and of fo: warmeft), could win his acquiescence to cial good. It will probably be again any act of injustice, any deflexion from reprinccdi; fince chofe , labours are fic the great and indispensable rules of nithed, to which he was impelled by conduct, whatever were she plea. You the bet and most expansive affections.

life and death the farge;" refolute But neither present honour, carly pre: wholly to resign himself co truth and ferment, nor all the inviting hopes the the public, be loft in these all inferior world could offer, were of power to confiderations, incorrupcible alike by retain him in the church establifament. hope or fear ; by the love of praise or when his researches had fertled a con

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