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286 Stri&tures on the Behaviour of English Bishops to Dr. Seabury.
bates
ates to his own sentiments. The words

posed to yield the homage of adulation containing the assertion, to which Mrs. to prelates ; but surely, if a Protestant Piozzi objects, are printed from my bench resent with justice any such inmanuscript Journal, and were taken terference of the Pope in their concerns, down at the time. The Journal was as the assigning titular diocesàns to those read by Dr. Johnson, who pointed out sees over which they preside by virtue some inaccuracies, which I corrected, of their fovereign's appointment; they but did not mention any inaccuracy in acted conformably to the rules of plain the paragraph in question : and what is common sense, and the evangelical preItill more material, and very flattering cept of doing as they would be done by, to me, a confiderable part of my. Jour if they peremptorily refused to internal, containing this paragraph, was meddle in the ecclefiaftical concerns of read feveral years ago by Mrs. Thrale America, unless they had been assured berself, who had it for some time in her their taking a part in them would be poffeflion, and returned it to me, with acceptable to the rulers of the Thirteen out intimating that Dr. Johnson had United States. Men heated with the miftaken her fentiments.

zeal of party, like Jeremiah Leaming When my Journal was paffing and his associates, are ever inclined to through the press, it occurred to me, represent a backwardness towards takthat a peculiar delicacy was necessary ing such steps as no prudence could to be observed in reporting the opinion warrant, towards advancing the inte of one literary lady concerning the per rests of their feet in a land where Chrif. formance of another; and I had such tianity is prevalent, as equally culpable fcruples on that head, that in the proof with a disinclination to propagate its sheet I ftruck out the name of Mrs. doctrines among the heathen: elle Thrale from the paragraph in question, would i hey have forburnc the assertion, and two or three hundred copies of my that their imagination can frame no book were actually printed and pub reason to justify those whom they call lished without it; of these Sir Joshua the fuccefors of the apofiles in the Reynolds's copy happened to be one. church of England." They would But while the theet was working off, a have done better to remember, that the friend, for whose 'opinion I have great original propagators of Christianity exrespect, suggested that I had no right erted themselves in causing the light of to deprive Mrs. Thrale of the high ho the Gospel to shine among idclatrous nour which Dr. Johnson had done her, nations, not in obtruding episcopacy on by stating her opinion along with that those churches, who, as we learn from of Mr. Beauclerk, as coinciding with, various epifties of St. Paul, St. James, and, as it were, fan&tioning his own. and St. Peter, chofe rather to be guided

The observation appeared to me fo by a fynod of their most respectable elweighty and conclusive, that I haltened ders, than by a single bishop; from to the printing house, and, as a piece whom the Presbyterian mode of disci. of justice, restored Mrs. Thrale to that pline dates an origin equally antiunt and place from which a too fcrupulous deli- vencrable with the Epifcopal. cacy had excluded her.

The new-created Bishop Seabury, in On this simple state of facts I shall his gracious ansiver to this curious ad- . make no observation whatever.

drets, reprefents what he calls the Yours, &c. JAMES BOSWELL. gooi dispositions of the first ecclefiaftical

characters in England, as rendered inMr. URBAN,

effcctual by the intervention of civil auN article among the new publica- borliy;" which may appear rather furJast, p. 61-63, containing " the Ad..who are well aware, that the in érven. dress of the Episcopal Clergy of Con- tion of common sense, and not that of necticut," &c. wears fuch strong i apo the higher powers, was what prevented pearances of having received its last po- the right reverend bench from thus cxlith on this side the Atlantic, that I pofing themielves to the ridiculc of all must beg. leave to offer a few ftri&tures Christendom. The residue of the paon what is there asserted of the situation sagraph is couched in the following of the English bishops, and their beha words : “ whether it is better to lubo viour towards Dr. Seabury.

mit quietly to this ftate of things in EnMy former Jerters on the subject will gland, or ritk the confution which amply vouch for me, that I am not dif, would probably enfue, should an amendo

Feb. 23.

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Striatures on the Behaviour of Englia Bishops to Dr. Seabury. 287 ment be attempted, requires serious con. Episcopal Presbyter of the Scotch Church?federation,” Banishing all surmises of thus blending as much confusion as interpolation, I will for a moment cre possible in the space of four words. dit the above as genuine; and, being The Scotch Church,” if I have any unable to decide whether the Americans acquaintance with the language of my or English are called on to consider this native country, Britain, has most cerweighey matter ; in order to cut off the tainly, at this period, nothing episcopal jesuitical evasions of my antagonists, in it; and if so, his signature is entirely and meet thein, if poflible, on their of a piece with the rest of his letter, on own ground, take it succellively in ei which I shall waste but few words, and ther point of view. If construed into not one in obviating the reflections he an exhortation to his hearers at Middle casts on me, who, courting neither the town, it gives hints of somewhat ima smiles of the powerful, nor the shouts pending, similar to the crusade against of the multitude, in what I have writthe Saracens in the eleventh century : ten on these topics, am little moved by the Epifcopalians in Connecticut, last the utmost acrimony of censure. Irasci spring set forth to us as thirty thousand pro republica dicenti non oportet, 'is an ftrong, may by this time have swollen excellent observation of Cicero's; and into an Kort, equal in number to that of where religion and politics are interXerxes, under the auspices of their new woven, the precept comes with additi. Jpiritual leader, whose language is onal force. The captious question scarcely less temperate than that of Pe about the validity of Presbyterian orditer the hermit, when he unfurled his nations in Scotland during the reigns of confecrated banner, and rouled the those two last tyrants of the detested princes of Europe to the Holy War. house of Stuart, Cha. II. and James II. If it be alledged that this « serious even if answered according to his wishes, confideration" about shaking off a lay is totally foreign to the purpose : they “ defender of the faith," who is en who derive their million to preach the titled supreme in all causes, as wei Gospel froin an establishment of one ecclefiaftical as civil," instead of being hundred years, are, by every principle addressed to an American audience, is both of law and religion, the ecclesiastionly meant for the cars of Englishmen, cal superiors of bim a difenter from the it will prove Dr. Seabury an utter Htated worship of the land; which was stranger to the character of the people, the purport of my assertion. The mowho have indeed been involved in many tives of the English bilhops for denying broils, but not for the pious purpose of ordination to his penitent brethren I rendering the crozier independent on presume not to scan, not having the the crown : their representatives in par: honour of admission to their privy liament are at this very time engaged council; but from its not being endured in the falutary measure of endeavouring that they should hold the smallest preto put fome stop to the most flagrant ferinent, or even officiate in an English enorinities of spiritual courts; instead church, I leave the reader to judge of railing them above all law. The whether the idea of their being already very fuggesting innovations of a sedi- duly ordained, is prevalent on the south rious nature to the " serious confidera- of the Tweed. Even the oral tradition" of subjects to a foreign king, ill tions of my antagonist I will not cavil becomes any minister of the Gospel of at, but receive as authentic, on his fole Peace, and still less one who aliumes the authority, that of the illuftrious premitre.

late" confuting those who observed, that But I proceed to another symptom of ordaining anew these Scoiilh Episcopagenuine British. manufacture in this fian divines was forbidden by no canon, pamphlet, where the address and an- by judiciously stating that there was no fiver are followed by a list of Scotch law against parricide in antient Rome : bi shops fince 1688, when it is univer I cannot, however, refrain from ob. fally known that all legal episcopacy serving, that the talents of this anony. terminated in Scotland; this long inula mous mitred oracle, and his acuteness cer-roll of names, truly obscure and in discriminating offences, exactly cor. unedifying, may probably originate refpond with those of the town-clerk of from that correspondent of yours who Messina in Shakspeare's “ Much ado in June last was “ An Episcopal Cler. about Nothing,” who, on being inforıngyman," but in the Aplodix to your ed that Borachio called the prince's Jati vol. p. 1019, tigned himselfg. " An brother a villain, is for convidling him

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288 Advice to Epifcopalians.-Miss Reeve's Decision controverted.
of perjury į and, on its being added MR. URBAN, March 12, 1786.
wrongfully, cries out, “fat burglary Reeve may chuse to put upon the
as ever was committed."

spirited censure of her decrie, respecting
Many good men in all countries dir. Mr. Richardson's works, no discerning
fent from the establishment, afligning mind, that is unprejudiced, can misake
their motives for so doing with decency. it for a sally of dark-spirited malice.
But he who gives way to such intempe Had Miss Reeve apologized to the
rance of fpeech, as to insinuate in ex world for her strange diffent froin its
press terms, that the fpiritual rulers of universal voice on that subject_had the
his country are, as ecclefiaftics, fuper only said, that Pamela was more to her
rior to nobody;” and “ that rbe parra- taste than Clarissa, or Sir Charles Gran-
ments administered by them are of a very dison, that talte had perhaps been pitied
doubtful nature, if not absolutely inva- in silence; but the cool arrogance of an
bid," which he gives out as the publie absolute decision, that Pamela is the chef-
tenets of his feet; after such wild rants d'ouvre of Richardson, must prove a
of fanaticism, can have no title to call daring antradiction of the general opi-
himself harmless, unless from his inabi nion, which deserved the pointed repre-
lity to do any signal mischief. Preju-

henfion it has met. dices like these are not (as he terms In her letter of felf-defence, this lady them) “ favourable to lubordination thews a consciousness of something wrong, and to peace," but of the most peftilent since, referring to the censured pallages

The result of the battles of in her own work, the suppresses that Preston in 1715, and of Culloden in offenfive decihon, which produced the 1746, may have rendered the nonjurors comments fo displeasing to ber. Had the in one sense harmlejs; and it shall be said no more on the subject than she has my carnest prayer, that the excellent there instanced, viz. that Pamela seemed form of religion, which owes its efta- to her to have the most originality, the blishment in Scotland to the loyalty and unmeaning Itricture had only excited obvalour of past ages, may be transmitted fervations to the following purpose; down to the latest pofterity by men who Aninteresting story, carried on through have understanding enough to fpurn the many volumes, in a series of familiar léto fophiftry of pretenders to Superior fanc ters, was a new mode of novel-writing, tity, and sufficient integrity to emulare struck out by Mr. Richardson.-Pamela the virtues of their ancestors.

was the first attempt. It was naturally To conclude with a little feasonable written, and sometimes pathetic; but morality. Divided as this island is be- tedioró, and destitute of the higher graces tiveen Episcopalians and Presbyterians : 'of composition. The Author afterwards while the latter remain contented, thie' eslablished those beautiful and perfect former have certainly no reason to be works, Clarissa ond Grandison, upon the disatisfied with their portion of the in same epistolary plan. Are they less oriheritance, or to complain that their lot ginal for being infinitely more various, is not failen in a fair ground. As for more abundantly rich in contrasted chathe oftentatious title of " fucceffors to tacters; in wit, in humour, of which the Apofties," neirher party seem to there are scarce any gleains in Pamela; have any exclusive right to it, but in more polished; more pathetic ; and, beproportion as they exercise the evange. yond all bounds of comparison, more Jical virtues of the primitive ages; and, sublime ? Surely, therefore, the observaabove all things, let the minitters of ci tion, that the latter works of Mr. Richsher persuasion constantly bear in mind ardfon are less original than his first, is our blified Saviour's character of the highly irrational. Can an author, thus fcribes and pharisees, and the whole- improving upon his own plan, be deemfumc inference he draws from it : "they ed, either directly, or indirectly, a fer abroad their phylacteries and make Copyis? What former writings of any large the borders of their garments, and other author do the Clarifia and the love the uppermost feats at feasts, and

Grandison resemble? They have every to fit in the chief place in counsels, and poslīble claim to be considered as great greeiings in the market, and to be calls and perfect originals. ed of men Rabbi. But be not ye called

Our incensed Critic will allow no
Rabbi, for one is your master, cren

merit to ber Hypercritic, for the gene.
Christ, and ye are all brethren.” rous testimonry borne to che merit of her
Yours, &c. L. L.
ENGLISH BALON. is very fair to

dený

Remarks on the Works of Richardson.The Curate of Aldgate. 289 deny the possibility of ingenuousness to Should she, infidious, to the trial bring á decisive preference, so inconsistent with The pale crude berries of his earthly Spring, the marked ability of tbat work.

And swear their flavour has the fruits outdone Let the Public judge who is the mali. His genius ripend in its Summer fun! cious and unjust accuser !-the person

“ Shall we not laugh if such a Judge there be?

" Shall we not rave if ***** ***** is she?" who avows the apprehended impoffibility,

A CONSTANT READER. that a woman of genius can think Pamela ihe chef d'æuvre of Richardson, or Miss

MR.URBAN,

April 14. Reeve, who asserts, that "this person has censured the writings of others in a more THE curacy of Aldgate having lately unjust and uncandid manner, than that Hallings (fee Obituary; Apr. 7:); and he condemns;' because his letter not only disallows the decree of Miss Reevelating to it; give me leave to supply you

there being some curious particulars rein question, but bears honest telimony with a little account of it, not perhaps against the critical decisions of a yet unacceptable to some of your readers. greater writer, where they attempt to tear the wreaths from the shrines of de.

The living is in the hands of an improparted Genius; also against the etfron priator (Mr. Kynaston), who stands in tery of Mr. Heron. who denies poetic the place of Lord Abbot, and appoints a fublimity to the scriptures; and to Vir- minifter, who is, as it were, Monachus ad gil and Pope an atom of real genius; and menfam. This minister is, at present, who sentences Thomson to speedy ob- the rev. Dr. Jackson, Prebendary of livion; and against the posthumous dog- The Curate of Aldgate, provided he con

Westminster, who nominates a Curate. mas of Mr. Scott, who attempts to prune, mutilate, and arrange afreh, the tinues a batchelor, succeeds of courfe to ideas and langage of Thomson, Gold

a living in Eflex, bequeathed for that Tmith, and Gray, without ever having follows the inscription on his monument,

purpose by one of his predeceffors. Here pollelled a tenth párt either of cheir genius or judgement.

now standing in the Welt aisle (the It is the duty of all people, 'who are

church stands North and, South) of themselves candidates for the palm of

Aldgate Church : Fame, to guard with active zeal those

Under this Pavement lietla the has already conferred upon their il

interred the Body of lustrious predecessors, when either able,

Benjamin Pratt, A. M. or in potent defamers, directly or indi for above 16 years late Curate tectly, seek to blight, or eclipse them.

of this Church. He affected to end his days Surely Mr. Richardson's daughter ill in Celibacy, and departed this Life the deserves the honour of her birth, if the

3d Day of May, A. D. 1715:

RESURGAM. could approve the injustice of Miss Reeve to the later works of her glorious father. These few humble pious words above, - But I correct myself-genius, or ac were all he desired thould be here incurate literary taste, are not always here- fcribed. Yet it ought not to be cona ditary. Mr. Richardson's daughter may cealed, that he bequeathed to the Right be of that order of beings, who, with Rev. Father in God the Ld. Bp. of Lone plain serise, and a thousand amiable qua- don for the time being (only in trust), Ticies, might posibly think Pamela more the perpecual advowson of the rectory of perfect composition than Ciaritsa and the parish and parish-church of GreenGrandifon.

stead juxta Chippin Ongar, in the county “Peace to all such!but should there one,

of Eflex, the first presentation to an intiwhose fires

mate friend, and after him to the imme. “ Invention kindles, and fair fame inspires;" diate reader, or molt inferior minister of A charming Novelist !--hould the appear

this HIS NATIVE PARISH CHURCH for With aim, degrading, as the critic ineer;

ever, and other churches alternately, Which Atticus, endeavouring to promote,

which may hereafter be built in this Deserv'd the just reproach Mulæus wrote; parish, as may be seen more at large in Should she, perversely throwing into thade

his WILL. The fairest products Fancy e'er display'd; His foul was adoined with great steadSince, on our Shakespear's page, the Goddess fastness to the most orthodox principles. threw

He was a person of great PIETY, LEHer fruits, and forers of immortal hue;

NITY, and CHARITY; and, in all his Should fuch a one, as Richardson's lov'd name actions, constantly fignalized himself a She breathes, and seems to analyze his claim, zealous, indefatigable, and most industrie

GENT. MAG. April, 1786.

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290

Remarks or fome folea Pallages in St. Evremont's Essays. ous labourer in the feveral offices of his and the maxim is quoted in the Nelv, SACRED MINISTRY. He continually “the just shall live by Faith." Though endeavoured to illustrate his veneration justice, in the frict sense of the term, and efteem for the most glorious and wholly respects the views and actions of 'adoreable Trinity, and his high calling a man in civil and moral life, and bears of GOD IN CHRIST JESUS.

no immediate reference to the Deity or a And so he proceeded till he was just future state; yet the word has a more arrived at the prime of his age, and then extensive meaning in Scripture, where it was taken from his labours, to receive an is ufual for a part to comprehend the exceeding great reward.

wbole, because the connection between Thus does he still speak, and yet pro one duty and another, between religious pofe an eminent and illuftrious example and moral service, is so intimate, as in fact to all his succeeding brethren.

to be inseparable, and because both may NUNQUAM OBLIVIONI TRADEREN- be traced up to the same ruling princi TUR.

ple with the forfe of obligation to an all

feeing God. A portrait of Mr. Prate was in the pos. St. Evremont. 1. The most liberal, feffion of the late Mr. Hallicgs, painted generous men, are not usually the most by one of the Verelfts. I have reason to just. believe that it will be reserved for the Remark. This maxim, ill understood, future incumbents of Greenstead. D. N. and ill applied, will give some consolaP. 203. col. 1, l. 2. r, " p. 17." tion to spendthrifts and prodigals, and

help the liberal and generous (as they are MR. URBAN,

pleased to call themselves) to be lavilh Lately purchased a translation of the towards fome at the expence of others. The book was formerly in the poffeffion .extreme, or make St. Evremont answer.

of a man of considerable note in the world able for the ill use that the thoughtless of letters. In the margin are several re or the vicious might make of it, I would marks in MS. which I think are very observe, that there is some truch in ic just and pertinent; and, by your leave, I when properly understood. Rigid justice will communicate them to the public. is frequently allied to a cold and con

St. Evremont's letter to ibe Marfbal de tracted heart;, and though a virtue, that Crequi.

is effential to the interest and even the “I can say one thing of myself as ex- existence of civil life, thould not be traordinary as true; that is, that Mave brought into discredit by its connections, never in myself felt any confli& between yet it is frequently the effect of felfina Paffion and Reason.".

ness more than principle; and because, Remark. Then he must have been honesty is found to be the best policy, above or below humanity. His passions therefore too many are honelt only from must have been more refined, or his con- the hope of faring the better for it. fcience mutt have been more obsequious, “ We often meet with generosity and chan mankind in general find either the liberality in perfons of inflammable temone or the oher to be.

pers, and unfixed principles of conduct : St, Eyremont. "When the Scriptures -men governed by sudden impulses, and tell us that the juft are few, it means who are the creatures of instinct inore not, in my opinion, that men are not yet than of reason. I grant there is but lit. inclind to good works; but it seems to tle merit in such liberality. It is a fort intimate how little an inclination they of moral mechanism---if I may be allowed have to them out of a principle of jula the expreffion. Reflection bath no share tice,"

in it; and there is no virtue without just Remark. Sc. Evremont made this ob. and rational motives. It is said that fervation in confequence of his not under. Alexander was generous to a very high {tanding Scripture phraseology. The degree ; but who that hath read the hiljuft man, in the Sacred Writings, is not tory of young Ammon, whex turned loose the mere bones man, who acts on the to fcourge mankind, will say he was just ?" principles of <quity in his dealings with St. Evremont. « Brutus could kill a his fellow-creatures; but the man, who 'benefactor that aimed to be his master ; is habitually under he influence of that an abominable villainy among the paRigbreousness which includes the whole troos of gratitude an admirable virtue fvitem of moral and religious duties. with the iticklers for liberty," Hence it is said, in the Old Testament,

Remark.

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