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486 Remarks on Cole and Pen, in Somersetshire.-Gydstow House. feet; not arranged in any regular or surely, without a knowledge of some der; though at some places I could per favourable part to attack, he never ceive a chain of 8 or 10, connected would have hazarded the lives of the with each other, the bank of partition few faithful subjects he had collected, being of less elevation than the others against an enemy so numerous as this around. The diftance from pit to pit seems to have been. is but few feet.

Yours, &c.

À. CROCKER, To make a calculation of the number of these pits, I would suppose that each,

MR. URBAN,

June 12. on an average, contained 20 square feet

N Pointer's Chronology it is said, of land; from whence it would be

that “Godstow House was quiced found, that this common contained not by the Royalists, May the 23d, 1645;" less than 22,000. Besides which, are

and in Wood's MSS, in the Ashmolean many others in the adjoining lands; in

Museum it is said also, that Godítow the whole, I dare venture to suppose, a

was burnt down in the year 1645." hundred times as many as at Coxwell. Whether these spørs [Cole and Pen] and in the neighbouring villages, have

The common people at Wolvercote, were cities, or were encampments for a tradition that the nunnery was befoldiery in former wars, I must leave to the determination of Mr. Barrington prevent its falling into their hands, was

sieged by the Parliament forces, and, to and others: but, if they were the form burnt down by Col. David Walter* mer, Cole cuts a diminutive figure when (high-fheriff of Oxford hire), to whom compared with Pen.

it belonged. I wilh to know whether I would remark to you, that on an

any of the circumstances here mentioned eminence, about a mile north of these

are noticed by any of our historians. pits, is the spot where the brave Al.

In Wood's MSS. it is said also, that FRED gained the glorious and final vic

“ David Walter has a platforme ortory over "his encmies the Danes. To notice a little the history of those times, writings belonging to it.” If any of

prospect of the nunnery, and many we tind that ALFRED was overcome in

your ingenious correspondents know battle at Chippenbam in Wilts, and that whether they are in being, or where he took refuge in an obscure part of Somersetshire, acceflible only in the medium of your Magazine will much

to be found, an answer through the juin mer months, about 30 miles west of

obligc, Yours, &c. PHOSPHORUS, Penfelwood, and that the Danes pitched their camp not far from thele pits.

MR. URBAN,

June 10. Now, if I may venture tu hazard an opinion on a subject to much involved the following miscellaneous obfer

vations on Milton and others are be, that these excavations were the worthy of infertion in your useful Mir. work of Danish Soldiers, at the period cellany, they are much at your service, mentioned, for their common encamp

Yours, &c. C. T. 0. ment; and that the grand camp for their chiefs and officers was on the emi.

Where the great vision of the guarded mount,

&c, &c. nence alovementioned, perhaps of dif

Lycidas 161. ferent construction. A supposition also

Mr. T. Warton has most happily, is not void of probability, that ALFRED and inos poetically, explained this paiapproached the upper camp from the sage. It seems to have been called ibe forest of Selwood on the north, and took' mount by way of eminence. See Da. jt by furprize; after which the conquest piel's Panegyrick on the King's Maof the foldiery themselves was less dif- jesty, 19 ítan. ficult. ALFRED's vifit to these parts Could'st thou but see from Dover to ibe mouri, gave him luificient knowledge of the From Totness io the Orcades ;--, most vulnerable part of the enemy; and Their lean and fashy fongs.

· Lycid. 123: In a recers on the liurth hug of Wolvercore church is a buit, wider which is this. 11). scription : “ Here lieth the bodie of David Walter of Godftow, efq. the second son of Sir Jona Walier, lord chief baron of the Exchequer, groom of the bedchamber to King Charles The Second, and locuienant-general of the Odnance, which fie lus Majelly gave him as a reward of the great valour and loyalty he had the wed in the lervice of his father of gloria ous memory, during the civil wars. He was born at Saríden in this county, maricd.Elizabeth, the widow of Francis 1.010 Dacre, of Herli.nonceaux in Sufix, by wnom he had no Lat London the 22d of ARI, 1670, and in the 6.311 year of his age."

Flaly

Ven.

Miscellaneous Observations on Milion and other Writers. 487 Flasy is here used in a bad fense, as See Drayton's Polyolbion, 26 song. indeed it always is in English. The And in a dimble néar (even as a place divine, word vibrans in Latin is used in a good for contemplation fit) an ivy.ceiled bower, sense when applied to compofition. See As Nature bad iberein ordained fome Sylvan Cicero de Oratore, " et erat oratio cum power. incitata et vibrans tum etiam accurata

Surging waves, Par. Loft, lib. VII. et polita," speaking of Hortensius.

214. Drayton has unfurging seas. See With wild thyme and ihe gadding vine o'er. folio edit. p. 200, col. 2. This word, grown.

Lycid. 40.

which feldom occurs in any of our later This epithet of gadding is fingularly poets, is to be found likewise in the expreflive. He has an expression co Miror for Magistrates, edit. 1610. Şir qually happy in Comus, fee 550, Neptune's surging leas, p. 197. Amongft « flaunting honey-fuckle.” This Thom- Milton's Latinisins we find facile gates, son has adopted, and applies to the Par. Loft, b. IV. 967. This word oca woodbine :

curs in Burton's Anatomy of Melannor in the bower

'choly, sec p. 85, facile mcans. Where woodbines flaunt. Spring, 976. In full harmonic number join'd, their fongs Where were ye, Nymphs, when the re Divide the night, and lift our boughts to bed. morseless deep

Par. Loft, 6. IV. 687. Clos'd o'er the head of your lov’d Lycidas? 30. Make of your prayers one sweet sacrifice, This idea, which is taken originally And life my soul to braven. from Thcocritus, and has been repeat

SHAKSP. Hen. VIII. cdly remarked, is likewise in Spenser's Iris there, with humid bow, Astrophel.

Wavers th' odorous flowers that blow, Ah where were ye, this while, his Shepherd Flowers of more mingled hue, &c.

Comes, 10050 peers, To whom alive was nought fo dear as he ? Blow is here used neutrally, for And ye, fair maids, the matches of his years, makes to blow, like afiduo refonat Which in his grace did boast you most to be? cantu, see Virgil, lib. VII. 12. Ah! where were ye, when he of you had See Milton, Par. Loft, b. II. The need,

character of Moloch seems to have To stop his wound that wond'rously did given Addison many hints in his forbleed?

SPENSER.

mation of the character of Sempronius. Weep no more, woeful shepherds, weep no The same boisteroufness and impetuosia

more, For Lycidas your forrow is not dead.

ty is the prominent feature of both Lycidas, 165.

characters. Moloch exclaims, Spenser thus finely exclaims :

My sentence is for open war. o what is now of it become, aread:

In Cato, Sempronius says, Aye me! can so divine a thing be desd? My voice is fill for war. it is not dead, ne con il die,

See what Addison says, Spectator, vol. But lives for aye in blissful paradise.

In Cleaveland's Poems, edit. 1663, (Loose his beard and hoary hair. there are some bad verfes'" on the me Stream'd like a meteor to obe troubled air.) mory of Mr. Edward King, drowned

GRAY's Barda in the Irish feas;" the fam probably This fimile seems to have been fuga whom Milton laments.

gested by a pailage in Milton, Par. The idea of Uriel's descending on a Loit, b. 1. where Azazel unfuris the Jun-beam, Par. I.ost, book IV, which standard, has been proved to be borrowed in

which, full high advanced, Milton, feems to have given a hint to Sbore like a meteor fireaning so she wind Dr. Young, when he faid,

In the farne Ode Gray goes on,
Perbap: a cousand demigods ok frend

Gire with many a baron bold, &c.
On ev'ry beam we fee, to walk with men. Night 9.
Sec Par. Regained, b. II. 293.

Milton says,

And what resounds
And enter'o (non the inade

la fable or romance ut Ucher's ton High rooft, and walks beucath, and alleys Begirl with Briuth and Armoric knights. 380.

'browy, That open'd in the midst a woody scene ;

Sce Milton, Par. Loft, b. 11. 146.
Nature's own work ii (cem'a (Nature taught

For who would lose,
Ari)

Though full of pain, this intellectual being And, to a superftitious eye, the bount

dec. &c. Of wood-gous and wood-nympbs.

though

Line 51

Ab, no,

IV. N° 309.

488

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Remarks on Milton.- Observations on the Death of Fishes, thoughtle thought is much finer in MR. URBAN,

June re. Gray, and very different. The cast of

W

THEN I happen to visit a fartiły this passage is not 'unlike Mr. Gray's where gold and flwer-fifbes are : well known

kept in a glass-bowl, I am always For who, to dumb forgetfulness a prey,

pleased with the occurrence, because it This pleafing anxious being e'er refignt offers me an opportunity of observing

is the actions and propenlițies of those be. See Milton, Par. Lost, b. II. 492.

ings with whom we can be little ac, As when from mountain-tops the dussy quainted in their natural state.

Not Afcendiog, &c.

(clouds long since I spent a fortnight at the If chance the radiant fun with farewel weet house of a friend where there was such Extend his evening beam, the fields revive,

a vivary, to which I paid no small ato&c. &c.

tention, taking every occasion to re. This beautiful expreffion is to be found

mark what paded within its narrow lie in a rather obleure paisage of Shak: mits. It was here that I ärft observed speare. See Henry VI. act II. ic. i.

the manner in which fishes die. As part 3

foon as the creature fickens, the head See kow the morning opes her golden gates,

finks lower and lower, and it stands as And takes her frowel of the glorious fun. it were on its head, till getting wcaker, Mr. Gray has an expression of this

and losing all. po:fc, the tailturns over, fore in a moft exquisite stanza, very

and at last it floats on the surface of the juftly commended Mr. Mason,

water, with its belly uppermost. The which is not inferred in his Elegy:

reason why fishes, when dead, swim in Him have we seen the greenwood lide alons, when the body is no longer balanced

that manner is very obvious: because, While o'er the leath we hied, our labour done by the fins of the belly, the broad mus. Oft as the woodlark pip'd her farewel fong , With w Aful eyes pursue the setting fun.

calar back preponderates by its own

gravity, and turns the belly uppermost, If my memory does not deceive me,

as lighter from its being a cavity, and I think I recutiect a more immediate because it contains the fivimming-bladimitation of the partage in Milton in a ders, which contribute to render it beautiful little poet of Dr. J. War- buoyant. , Some-that delight in gold ton's, but for the want of the book am and filver fifpes kare adopted a notion, anable to quote it.

that they need no aliment. True it is, Gray, who hardly ever borrows ideas that they will fubGkt for a long time from any author whatever of his own withour any apparent food but what country,' has occasionally honoured they can collect from pure water fieMilcon by imitating tim. He has quently changud : yet they must draw taken a whole line from his L'Allegro, come support from animalcula, . and line 60.

other nourishment supplied by the wa. Kigbe ageink rbe ea farn gale,

ter; because, though they seem to ex When ihe great fun begins his fafe. nothing, yet the consequences of eating Rigbe agairft obe callern gåte.

often drop from them. That they are By the mofa-growo pile he fate.

beft pleated with such jcjunc diet may

Defcens of Odin. casily be confuted; lince, if you tols He, has, adopted an attribute from them crumbs, they will leize them with Milton's Penserosa: see his defcription great readiness, not to say greedincís : of Melancholy.

however, bread should be given spare There held in holy passion fti!1

ingly, left, turning lour, it corrupt the forget thyself to marble, will

water. They will also feed on the waWiba jad leaden downward casi

ter.plant called lemna, ducks-meal, and Tbou fix skem on the carib as fast, 41.

: alfo on small fryzu. When they want to

move a liule, they gently protrude See Grar's Ode to Adverfity,

themselves with their pinne pectorales: And Mela choly, frient maid,

: bur it is sick their trong mulcular tails With learen-eye rbai loves tbe ground.

only that they, and all fithes, foot At beft the exprellion is a very unpoee aong with fuch, inconceivable rápidity. tical one, and hardly worth bormwing. It has been faid, that the eyes of fitris

In Miliun it is still worfe, from its are immoveable : but there arinrently contrast with the foregoing images of turn them foricand or backyard in their forgetting herself to martike.

..C, 1,0

Pockets

Observations on Gold and Silver Fifbes.--Interefling Debares. 489 fockets, as their occafions require. Gold and flver fifbes, though origiThey take little notice of a sighted nally natives of China and Japan, yet candle, though applied close to their are become so well reconciled to our heads, but Bounce and seem much climate as to thrive and multiply very frightened by a sudden froke of the fast in our ponds and ftews. Linnæus hand against the support whereon the ranks this species of blh under the gebowl is hung; especially when they ous of cyprinus, or carpi ảnd calls it have been motionless, and are perhaps cyprinus aurat&s. allcep. As alhes have no eye-lids, it Some people exhibit this fort of fifte is not ealy to discern when they are in a very fanciful way; for they cause Sleeping or vot, because their eyes are a glass.bowl to be blown with a large always open.

hollow space within, that does not comNothing can be more amusing than a municate with it. In this cavity they glass-bowl containing such fishes : 'the”, put a bird occasionally fo that you double refractions of the glass and water inay see a goldfinch or a linnet hopping represent them, when muving, in a . as it were in the midt of the water, and Mifting and changeable variety of di: - the fishes Swimming in a circle round it, mensions, fhades, and colours; while The simple exhibition of the files is the two mediums, allifted by the con- . agrecable and pleasant, but in so comcavo-convex shape of the vessel, mag plicated a way becomes whimsical and nify, and diftort them valily, not to unnatural, and liable to the objection mention that the introduction of another . due to him, element and its inhabitants into our parlours engages the fancy in a very

* Qui variare copit rem prodigialiièr unam." agreeable manner.

Yours, &c. V.

their poor.

SUMMARY OF THE PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT, Sess. II. Debates in the present Seffion of Parlia Mr. M. A. Taylor gave notice, that ment, continued froom p. 405. on Tuesday next he would move for Wednesday, March 1.

teave to bring in a bill for regulating , came to

the courts of conscience, and extending the following resolutions :

that regulation all over the kingdom. That 800,00ol. be granted for build. The House having resolved itself ining, re-building, and repairing thips, to a committee, Mr. Gilbert in the

That 692,3261. be granted for the chair, ordinary of the navy, including half Mr. Brett moved, that it is the opi. pay to lea and marine officers.

nion of this committee, that a (um Bot Received and read a petition from the exceeding-800,000l. be granted to his debtors in Winchefter gaol, praying Majesty, for the purpofe of buildinga relief. Alfo,

repairing, &c. of hips, and other exOne from Edinburgh, for regulating traordinaries, relative to his Majelty's

navy, dock.yards, &c. One from the bawkers and pedlars of Capt. Macbride trufted that greater London, relating to their taz. The attention would be paid to the naty foregoing iverc ordered to lie on the now than had been done after the latt table. And

He observed with concern, that One from Cambridge, for an act for the ships in the estimate werc not equal the recovery of fir all debts, was re in force to chofe now building in ferred to a committee.

France. From the number of frigates Paffed Dover harbour bill.

which he saw on the list, he was inMr. Alcock, from the Customs in duced to with, that the repairs intended Scotland, presented wwo accounts of might be superseded, and a little

more jum imported into North-Britain, and money added for building new flips in of the tax arifing from the duty on.car. the room of the old. He doubted wheriages. Ordered the last to be printed. ther the 64 gun fhips were of any confi

Mr. Deacon, from the East India' derable advantage to our fcer. The Company, presented civo accounts; and French had relinquilhed them altoge. - the Secretary at War prefented two ac ther; and it was certain they could nccounts of arniy efimares Ordered to ver oppose a ship of the line but under de on the table.

manifeit disadvantage. The conten ander

war.

iof

490. Summary of Proceedings in the prefent Seffion of Parliament. of one of them, who, in a&tion with a formed of its effects from experience. French 74, could make it a drawn bat. As 64 gun thips, he obferved, were rle, would acquit himself with honour; found very ferticeable in former wars, but he should be sorry if, from the im- and as we had fo many in our service, proper conftruction of our ships, a Bri- : we mult pay them due atrention. It tish captain, unless against very fuperior was true, he acknowledged, that France force indeed, were intitled to praise for was building thips of greater force ; a drawn battle. It had been asserted and, to be on a level with them, we in that House, long before he had a must follow their example. He had feat in it, that a frigáte of go guns was not a doubt that a matter of such im• a match for a French 74. This he ab- portance would be properly attended to, solutely denied ; and said, that if such by those whose official duty it was to an opinion were now to be given, it consider it; and, therefore, he thought should not pass unanimadverted upon any motion on the subject in that House He mentioned a variety of instances in highly improper. the last war, in proof of the inconveni Sir Charles Middleton was surprized encies refulting from so great a number that an hon. member [Mr. Drake) of frigates; and attributed many of our should entertain a doubt of the Navy misfortunes, during that period, to this Board's bringing to account the procircumstance.

duce of ships broken up, and old stores. Mr. Drake withed to know, whether He wished that an hon. Captain [Macthe money arising from the sale of the bride) had not been so explicit in that materials of old fhips were brought to House on the fubject of coppering fhips. account?

Had he applied to him privately, he Capr. Breit said, it was included in would have given him every informethe article of old stores, the accounts of tion in his power; and he could now which had been formerly laid on the, assure him that the 'Navy Board would table.

pay every attention to a subject of so Capt. Luttrell did not wish to abolish great importance. 64 gun fhips; and was so confident of Mr. Holdswortb agreed with Captain the talents of the Firk Lord of the Ado Macbride respecting the consequences miralty, that he had not a doubt of the of coppering vessels that were to be money granted for the use of the navy laid being employed to the best advantage: Capt. Luttrell was of opinion, that if

Capt. Macbride reprobated the prace the custom of coppering thips in comtice of coppering thips that were to be mon was persisted in, it would nearly laid up in ordinarye, Copper was known destroy the navy. Caulk, he faid, preto be of a corroding nature, and, unless served a fhip, but copper wafted and great care was taken, would certainly consumed it. He did not, however, injure a fhip’s bottom. It was a mir. think that it would be proper for the taken notion, that the coppering of a Hon. Gent. to move the enquiry, as velfel rendered it fit for being lent to there could not be a doubt that the hon. fea. It should be thoroughly examined Board of Admiralty would ofe every previously to its being ordered out of - poslible precaution to obviate the feve. dock. He would not, however, have ral inconveniencies that had been now it understood that he was an enemy to pointed out. No man was more anxi. that practice on proper occasions; he ous than himself for the adoption of objected only to the mode of coppering some mode that might prevent the ruin. new fhips, and ships that were to be ous consequences of coppering. He laid up. It was useful to contractors, concluded with observing, that, not. but detrimental to the navy. The open withstanding all that had been fáid - ration, when neceffary, was foon per- , about frigates, the Hon. Gent. seemed

formed, but it was rather worse than to prefer a small fhip, by refuning to ac. useless in time of peace. The matter, , cept in the last war the command of a in his opinion, merited, and he would larger, move, a serious enquiry into it; and. Capt. Macbride acknowledged that was ready to bring evidence to the bar such an offer had been made to him, in support of what he had advanced, and he declined it for no other reason

Capt. Levison Cower thought, that, than that he could not be indulged'in as the practice of coppering vcllels had transferring his crew. They were

pot been introduced above.ten years, a brave fellows, whose gallantry he had proper judgement could not be yct often witneiled; they appeared fatisfied

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