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Particulars of Mr. Cowper, and his Poemso"

5 dot, however, to accuse either you of piercing reflections of his own danger wanting perspicacity, nor him of 'failing and unhappiness. in perspicuity, since the veil of obscu The allusion that follows is the most rity, which is thrown over this passage, serious possible. It can mean nothing may serve perhaps in some respect to but the mercy and deliverance of our enhance its beauty; and yet it is fit that Saviour. The wounds in his fide, in the reader should well understand the his hands and feet, seem to denote and allusion, though it may not entirely be mark this: come the writer, when he is touching There was I found by one who had himself upon his own cafe, to go into all the Been hurt by th' archers. In his fade he circumstances necessary to make us com

bore, prehend it.

And in his hands and feet, the cruel scars : ; Having myself a distant knowledge With gentle force soliciting the darts, of Mr. Cowper's history, of his present He drew them forth, and heal’d, and bade firuation, and peculiar turn of mind, I

me live. am by these means qualified to explain Although nothing can be more fc. his meaning, and to print out perhaps, rious than Mr. Cowper's style in this in fome measure, the beauty of the pas- part, he is however extremely various, fage I am speaking of.

and changes continually " from grave I underland that Mr. Cowper was

to gay, from lively to severe." There once a man immersed in all the gaieties is a passage in that beautiful apoftrophe of the town. If refpect for his present to London which you quoted, that very character did not restrain me, perhaps much marks the whole character of I might have said, that he was not free the man : from its vices. He was the companion Othou resort and mart of all the earth, and the delight of a convivial and Cheqner'd with all complexions of mankind, jolly circle, whose fociety he has long And spotted with all crimes ; in whom I see renounced, and whose system of life he Much that I love, and much that I admire, has been convinced, perhaps somewhat And all that I abhor; thou freckled fair, suddenly convinced, he could neither Thar pleases and yet chocks me, I can laugh safely nor happily persist in. It is to And I can weep, can hope and yet despond, these piercing refle&ions that he alludes Feel wrath and pity, when I think on thec. in one of the passages you have quoted,

In short, Mr. Cowper feems to unite and which I will therefore quote again : the chracters of those two philofophers, “ I was a Atricken deer, that left the herd the one of whom was for ever laughLong fince; with many an arrow deep in- ing, the other weeping, at the vices and fix'd

follies of mankind. . He is now atMy panting lide was charg'd when I withe tempting, as I have heard, a very drew

arduvus work, which is nothing less To seek a tranquil death in diftant shades ;

than a translarion of the Iliad.- What There was I found by one who had himself Been hore by th’archers. In his fide he bore his success will be, it is in vain to preAnd in his hands and feet the cruel fcars :

mise ; but I cannot help withing, that With gentle force soliciting the darts,

the originality of his genius may not be He drew them forth, and heald, and bade confined, at least cntirely, to translations. me live.

Impartial criticism obliges me to take Since then, with few associates, in remote notice of a grammatical error in one of And filent woods I wander, far from those the lines I laft quoted. My former partners of the peopled scene,

Tbou freckled fair, With few associates, and not withing more : That pleases and yet shocks me-Here much I ruminare, as much I may, With other views of men and maoners now

It should be-apleaseft and yct Mockeft Than once, and others of a life to come ; me - grant this would Tound too I see that all are wand'rers gone astray harth; yet harshness of found is no sufLacb in his own delulioos; They are lost ficient ezcure for a deviation from the Ir.chace of fancied happiness, itill woo'd rules of grammar.

A. B. And never won, &c.

The ailusion here to the Kricken and MR. URBAN, solitary deer, that forfakes the herd IN the library at Pendhurst, in Kent, with its , is are ancient portraits on board of ma

exquisite description of his own fitu. ny of the Contables or Governors of ation at the time when he left his flock Queenborough castle, in the lame coun. of former companions under all the ty. They were collected, and placed

in

tecn.

6 Enquiry concerning the ancient Paintings at Penshurft. in this caftle, by Sir Edward Hoby, the tigabili, nobilis noftri Henrici Sarnii, nineteenth Constable, in 1982, who at Equitis aurati, de academicis, republithe same time added his own portrait to ca, Europa, optime meriti. Eandem the collection. But this does not at pre- igitur cum primis ad te deferendam cufent appear among its companions at ravi; et in Bibliotheca veftri Collegii Penshurst. Where is it now. to be reponendam, velut amoris mei seu piefound?. After the dispersion or remo. tatis tefferam, et pinuóo umor, Fruere, val of the collection, Johnson, in his vive, vale! Raptim ex Caftro Burgi. . ater Plantarum, says, that he saw it in Reginæ, in agro Cantiano. Pridie Ca1629 at the vicarage-house of Gilling. lendas Martů Julianas, MDCXII:ham in Kent, when Mr. Skelton was Vere tuus, Edv. Hoby.” vicar. That house was long ago re Here the illustrious Heroine, vestra built. Johnson deicribes. Queenborg? fundatrix, is Dame Elizabeth Pauler, castle as then standing, and in good con the second wife of Sir Thomas Pope, dition, but without the portraits. It founder of Trinity college ; afterwards was afterwards demolished by Crom- married to Sir Hugh Paulet, famous in well. But to return to Sir Edward the reign of Queen Elizabeth. By Hoby, the chief object of this paper. Bernardum Adamum, we are to underHe corresponded with Camden, and was stand Bernard Adams, Bishop of Limeconnected with almost all the learned rick, who had been Scholar and Fellow

men of his time. He was entered a of Trinity college. Sir Edward Hoby * gentleman commoner of Trinity coll. died at Queenborough cattle in 1616, Oxford, in 1974, at the age of four- and was buried among his ancestors in

He jatronised Thomas Lodge Hoby's chapel, in the church of Bilham. the poet, his contemporary in that col.

INVESTIGATOR. lege. Wood, in what sense I do not exaally know, says, that Hoby had MR. UREAN, Lodge for his scholar there. ' Hé lived much at Bifham-abbey, in Berkthire; THE monogram and inscription or

the altar-tomb in Saint Pancras and gave to the said college Sir Henry Church-yard (fee vol. LV. p. 937) Savile's sumptuous edition of St. Chry; were placed by Dr. Radcliffe, in 1687, foftom, in eight folio volumes, printed in memory of Obadiah Walker, Princiat Eron college in 1612. In a blank pal of University College, Oxford, who leaf of the first volume is inserted the turned Roman Catholic to pleafe the following terse Latin epiftle, written then Government, and; after the Revowith his own hand, from Queenboroughlution, was in a great measure support castle, to the president of ihe college, ed by the Doctor's liberality, who, on Dr. Ketell.

his decease, caused the ftone to be placed “ Admodum Reverendo Antistiti, D. over him, with the inscription, which “ KETELLO, Collegii Trinitaiis, Oxon. hints both at the virtues and failings of “ vigilantiffimo Præfidi.". " Sanctæ the man.

John PAYNE. Trinitatis Collegii in me merita, mi Ketelle, non benevolentiæ fed obfequii MR. URBAN, pignora efflagitant. Quadraginta jam annis elapfis, ex quo primum in codem The famous and learned Obadiah

Walker was master of University scholaris fui. Scholaris ? Alumnus. College, Oxford, in the time of King Siqund unquam cum Musis habui com- James II. He turned Roman Catholic, mercium, apud vos rudimenta fusce- and had private mass in his lodgings, piffe, suscepta crevisse, fateri fas eft. and converted the two lower rooms 'Arctiori eriam vinculo conftrinxit præ into a chapel for that purpose, on the Dobilis Heroina, veftra fundatrix, left hand of the passage leading from quo tempore, pro amore in me fuo, the old, to what is now called the new, Bernardum Adamum, nunc Limbri- or Master's Quadrangle. censem præsulem, in Albo veftro con He afterwards set up cases of letters fcripsit, aluit, fuftentavit. Næ, huc uf- and a press in the back-part of his lodgque, nihil compensationis : negligentiæ ings, belonging to him as mafier of the nimium. En, tandem, emendationis college, where he printed his own works, ansam ; deinceps, forlan, uberiorem. and many of the learned Abrabam WoodNuperrime in vicinia nostra, D. Criso- head's his tutor, who had been a fellow ftomi Operum Græce nova et exquisita of the said college ; but, having also comparuit editio: cura summa, fide so- embraced the Roman Catholic religion, lita, impenfis ingentibus, folertia infą, retired and lived many years Yory nhi

Jan. 15.

Anecdotes of the famous Obadiah Walker.

7 scurely at Hoxton, near London, where garden in Oxon. Over the gate-way he died, and was likewise buried in the within fide the old quadrangle, becweca church-yard of St. Pancras, under an the windows of the under-graduates' lia altar-monument of brick, covered with brary, is a good ftatue of King James II blue marble, with the following infcrip. The inscription beneath it, probably tion: "A. W. obiit Maii 4, A. Ď. written by Obadiah Walker, is now con“ 1678, ætatis fuæ LXX. Elegi ab- cealed by a flat stone, which was placed “jectus efle in domo Dei; & manh in before it, on the accession of King Wil“ solitudine, non quærens quod mihi liam to the throne. BEXLEYENSIS. “urile ett, sed quod multis."

Mr. Obadiah Walker being ejected MR. URBAN, from the mastership of University Colo THE

THE once famous Obadiah Walker lege, February 4, 1689, on account of was son of Mr. William Walker, his religion, retired to London, or near of Worsperdale, near Barnsley, in Yorkji, where he lived to a great age, and thire, was entered of Univerlity College, was interred in the church-yard above Oxford, under the tụition of the no lets mentioned, the usual cæmitery for many celebrated Mr. Abraham Woodhead, persons of the Romish faith in and near whose fervitor he was in the year 1631; town. See a full account of these two was ejected 1648 ; but restored to his learted men and their writings, in the fellowship at the Restoration; after second volume of Mr. Anthony à having travelled abroad, and pafled Wood's Athenæ Oxonienses, Edit. 2. through various stations at the univer

Mr. Walker translated from English fity; though I find not he took any into Latin the Life of King Alfred, academical degrees, except in arts, nota founder of his college, from the MS, withstanding he had early, his grace by Sir Jobu. Spelman, in the Bodleian from the convocation for barchelor of library, which was afterwards published divinity whenever he chose to take it by Mr. Hearne in the same Language in out; became master of Univerfity Col.. which it was written. Mr. Walker, to lege, which he had once before refused, some of Woodbead's Discourses which he upon the death of Dr. Richard Clayton printed, prefixed the picture of King in 1676. Having become a conveit to Alfred ; but whether engraved from the Roman Catholic persuasion, at or that in the MS. in the library, which before the accession of King James the Hearne has prefixed to his edition, or Second, he was ejected from the masa from the small antient picture on board tership at the Revolution, viz. Feb. 14, of the faid king, preserved in the maí. 1689, for being a papist. After his dil. ter's lodgings of University College, I grace, he lived a retired life, and was am pot certain. Mr. Wije, in his edin principally patronized by one of his old tica of the Annals of King Alfred by Icholars, the eminent' Dr. Radcliffe, Afferius Menevensis, bas copied the who, though averse to his religious latter picture, and likewise the head of principles, had a sincere regard for him, the king in stone over the door of the and took him into his house. It is unirefectory in Brazen-Nose College, both versally acknowledged by all partie: , engraved by George Verrue. I hope I that Mr. Walker was a man of first-ra! shall be excused the digression, if I only abilities and learning, had long been a add, that I remember to have seen in very noted tutor at Oxford, and was the faid lodgings, when Dr. Thomas author of many works of great merit, Cockman was master, an excellent pic. particularly, ainong the reit, of the ture, painted by Su’man, of Robert Mo- Gieck and Roman History, illustrated rijon, M. D, which was formerly in the by medals; this he published after his old lodgings in the time of Mr. Obadiah ejeciment in 1692. Some fay he died Walker, who had been his acquaintance, that year; but, according to your maand by whose intereft he was chosen gazine, in 1699, as is said there to be Botanic Profesor in that university. confirmed by his epitaph: this was An admirable print was engraved from probably composed by Dr. Radcliffe. it by R.While, and prehxed to the Doc- The expreffion, per bonam famam et tor's History of Plants, in two volumes por infamiam, undoubtedly, alludes to folio : the second volume, or third part, his former celebrity, and his latter obwas published after the author's death, {curity. under the direction of that skilful bota. Yours, &c. GETHLINGUS pift, Jacob Bobari, keeper of the physick

MR.

Jan. 7.

o poetis ;

Apparent Change of Sex in Birds.-Useful Remarks, MR. URBAN,

or be reduced into writing. It must be IT

respondent, J.L. (p. 959, of the months, unless reduced into writing December Magazine) to require a par- within fix days; and it must be made ticular confirmation of fo extraordinary in the teftator's laft fickness. There an assertion, as that a cock Mackaw had

are other directions in the act, and it is lain several eggs. The feeming change hazardous to trust to partial extracts. of fex, by old hen-birds assuming the P. 860. It is much to be wished, that plumage of the male, is generally known fome one belonging to the Augmenta to modern naturalifts,

When I saw tion-Olice would gratify the public so Mr. Hunter's account (Phil. Tranf. far as to explain what becomes of the yol. LXX. p. 534.) of the appearance interest of money given for augmentaof the change of sex in Lady Tynte's' tion of small livings beyond the two pea-hen, it reminded me of a passage in per cent, allowed the clergy. If it goes Ausonius to the fame purpose :

in increase of the fund, it will not hurt • Vallebanæ (nova res & vix credenda them to say fo. It is an enquiry often

made. Clericus does not do the laity “ Sed quæ de vera promitur hiftoria,) justice, when he says that donations in « Femineam in fpeciem convertit mascu. addition to the fund rarely happens, "s lus ales ;

The iaity are not so bad, and would be “Pavaque de pavo constitit aote oculos." berter if the clergy refided and did thcie

Epig. 69. duty conscientiously in their own paA male bird was changed into a fe- rishes. « male at Vallebana ; a strange thing, P. 877. Lord D.... is not the only “ and scarcely to be believed even peer who has endeavoured, by the “ among the poets, but which is taken weight of his purse, to overcome the “ from a true story): a pea-cock ap. right of a pour clergyman; nor the on“ peared transformed into a pea-hen.” ly peer who has found a poor clergyThis change of sex is, however, the re man able and willing to support and verse of that described by Mr. Hunter; recover his just rights. The case of for here the male is changed into a fe- Breem and Lord Brownlow ought to male; and this metamorphosis contra

be more known. dias the ingenious hypothesis of that Is it really true, as Eusebes afferts, gentleman, that females after parturi. p. 888, that “ every

father of a family tion ceases approach in their resem, in the neighbourhood of Whitechapel blance toward the male. Allowing as wish that more places of public enterJirtle authority as the inaccuracy of an

tainment were alloved !! The beginantient poet deseryes, yet, as far as re- ning of what he says about the very lates to appearance only, I know not excellent magistrate who put a stop to how this account can be controverted. the licencing some new houses seems I could with that the gentleman ironical ---surely the above muit be

Philo-Dram, wants a who signs J. L. would not too haftily meant so too! affent to the prevailing notion, that a

play-house at Oxford; Erlebes one at cuckow hath an inability for incubation Whitechapel !" Wife heads !" from a particular conformation of parts. An answer to your enquiry after Mr, That this bird does not hatch its own Benjamin Martin, p. 583; may be given eggs proceeds rather from an impulse in few words. He was the younger of inftin&t than from any peculiarity of son of a yeoman farmer, who lived at structure. Neither is this deviation Worplesdon, near Guiidford, in Surrey, from the common course of nature fin. he kept a small ?chool for foine time at gular, for some insects are known to Guildford; and then travelled the deposit their eggs in the bodies of country with a philosophical apparatus, others, where they are hatched. reading lectures in different places,

T. H. W. After this, as I think between 1954 and

1758, he took the thap in Fleet-street, MR. URBAN,

in which he continued ull his death.

The grave observation, p. 915, on YOU of " Wills," vol. LV. p. 809, in co

the trial of the gambler, is mifapplied. pying directions gor a nuncupative wil!, The prosecutor intended to cheat what has forgot a very cffential circumstance; he thought a drunkea man, and was bir. the time within which it must be proved,

S. H.
MR.

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