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vant. May, Jan 1786

Plate I.

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NW. Prospect of the Ruins of the Chapel &Steeple

of S. Rule, at S'Andrews, taken in 1776.

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St. Rule's Church in Scotland.-Chapel at Knaresbrough. 9 Mr. URBAN,

Mr. URBAN, Notts, Dec. 4, I N a tour I made some years ago 1 you think the inclosed account and

through the northern parts of this drawings of St. Robert's chapel at kingdom, I could not help being much Knaresbrough are worthy of a place in ftruck with the beauiy of an old tower, your very entertaining Magazine, they I found at St. Andrew's in Scotland,' are very much at your tërvice: and was not less furprized on being told

Your's,&c. H. R. of its very great antiquity, as it was The drawing (plate II. fig. 1,) is the then almoit entire, and the tiones of entrance of the chapel, which is cut into which it is built scarcely at all weather a high folid rock at the end of the

The tower, in the dialect of town, in a romantic situation ; the fithe country, is called the feeple of St. gure cur in the rock was intended to Rule, and was built, together with a represent a knight-teinplar guarding the small chapel adjoining to it, which is of door. the same kind of materials and work Fig: 2. is the inside of the chapel ; manship, some time in the 4th century, the pltar (which is part of the folid by a St. Regulus, a native of Italy, rock), and roof, are ornamented with who introduced or established Chriftia Gothic sculpture; behind the altar is a nity in those parts. The tower, I was niche in which formerly was an image; told (for I did not measure it) is about on the right-hand side are three heads 120 feet high. It is built of a kind of cuc in the rock, said to be done by free-stone of a dullith white colour, and some monks of the order of the Holy the joints between the stones were then Trinity, of which the heads are supso close, that the point of a knife could posed to be emblematical; near the ennot have been thrust into any chink be trance (but which could not be takeit tween them. I took a drawing of the in in this drawing), is another head, tower and adjoining chapel, which I said to be John the Baptist's, to whoni fend along with this, and ivhich I hope this chapel was dedicated. ---Length of will find a place in your valuable repo the chapel; 10 feet 6 inches; width, 9 fitory. Will be glad if any of your feet; hvight, 7 feet 6 inches. correspondents, who are well acquaint The best account I could get of this ed with the history and antiquities of saint is in the following extract :--" St. that place, will favour the public, Robert, the reputed founder of this through the same channel, with a bet- chapel, was the son of Tooke Flower, ter account of these than I could pick mayor of York, in the reign of Richard up in the course of a hatty ramble. The the First. Being remarkable from his cathedral, which was in the fame close youth for his learning and piety, and, with this tower, was built many centu after having spent some years in each of ries later; but the stone of which it was the monafteries of Whitby and Foun. built has been to bad as to be wafted by tains, he was made abbor of New Minfter the weather exceedingly.

in Northumberland, which dignity he Please to take norice, that the large foon after relinquithed, and repaired to arched gateway on the west fide of the a folitary hermitage amongst the rocks tower, which is now in part built up at Knare brough. After living here with Nones, has been evidently cut out fome time, a rich matron (probably a of the wall at a later period, as the na lady of the Percy family) gave him ture of the stone and style of workman the chapel of St. Hilda, feuated at a Thip evidently shew. In performing place now called St. Hile's Hook*, with this work, a contiderable rent has been fome land adjoining: here he led a life made above the arch, which is repre. of the greatest austerity, and the fame fented in the drawing. ( See plate I.) of his fan&lity became univerfal. Will.

At the time I was there, the inside of Estoville, lord of Knaresbrough, from the tower was open from top to bottom, being his perfecutor, became his benewithout any, 'roof. I have been just faetor, and gave him all ihe land irom now informed by a gentleman who was his cell to Guimbald bridge. K. John lately in that country, that it is now co also gave forty acres of land in Swinevered in with a roof, and a fair carried fea. Numerous and exti aordinary are up to the top within it; and that it is in the miracles taid to have been performnievery respect fo thoroughly repaired, as to give room to hope that it will remain * This place is still called Chapel Field; a beautiful monument of art to a very part of the foundation of the chapel fill rediftant period. A TRAVELLER. maios. GENT. MAG. January, 1786.

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Excavations near Nottingham.--General Hospital there. ed by him ; such as taming wild beasts, beginning after the rude manner of causing deer to become so tractable as to their days, and make them subserviens yield their necks to the yoke, and a list to their owu purposes. After the rein the services of agriculture ; and some duction of Britain by the Romans, they others too extraordinary to mention. might not be inhabited or occupied pera Notwithstanding which, it is certain, haps for fomne centuries, until they that, while he resided at Fountains ab were used for religious purposes, as is bey, he was indefatigable in labour, evident by that part resembling a diligent in reading and meditation, de church, &c. A view of the whole of vout in prayer, wife in council, and the inside could not be taken. eloquent in fpecch.

You receive likewise an elevation of “ After living to a great age, a re the General Hospital * near this town, markable example of picty and benevo which may boast of two things : 1. of lence, he died beloved and lamented by being an eleemofinary asylum to the inall that knew him. After his deceale, digcnt and impotent; and 2. that it is the monks of Fountains defiring to have built upon the identical spot on which his remains interred in their monastery, the unfortunate Charles I. fixed his brought him their habit, and would royal standard on the 25th of August, have taken his body away by force, had 1642. The south east front (the view they not been prevented by a company given) commands a beautiful prospect of armed men fent for that purpose from towards Belvoir Castle, the seat of the the castle. He was interred in the cha Duke of Rutland, situated on a vast cpel of the Holy Cross at Knarcíbrough. minence about twenty miles distant. On A man so famed for fanétity received digging for the foundation of this build every posthumous honour that his sur ing were found human bones, a sword vivor could bestow *.

and rarget, broken spears, &c. and the Mathew Paris observes, “ that in the boundaries of a camp are very evident year 1209 the fame of Robert, the her

in the park below. mic of Knaresbrough, was univerfal, It is said of Sir Isaac Newton, that and that a medicinal oil flowed from his he never knew woman t; or, at least, tomb."

H. R. that it was his death-bed declaration;

words which we generally depend on as MR. URBAN, Nolting bam, Dec. 20. facts. His continued engagements as As you gave your readers an exter a philosopher, from the days of ado

lescence even to his death, were such this town in your Magazine for Novem as almost exempted him from the enjoyber, it will, no doubt, prove a gratifi- ment of the transitory pleasures of in cation to them to be acquainted with temperance; but certainly nature was the inside formation of these remarkable bounteous, and furnished his mind with fructures, for which realon I tend you such continued delightful scenes of conan accurate internal view of themt. It templation, as made him conteinptuously feems highly probable, that they once spurn and annul

every licentious bclonged to fome religious house or thought. Is fortitude hereditary, Mr. other, though at what æra is not Urban? If fo, doubly blessed are the known : they still retain the name of descendants of Newton. Pray, of what popish, or papils boles, which, in some religion was Sir Ifaac ? I mean, was he degree, confirms the conscctures of ma a member of any incorporated feet? By, viz. 'that they actually belonged to Had Charles 1. of England possessed an abbey, or monafiery, probably that the natural boldness, though infernal of Leriton, built by William Peverel spirit of Charles XII. of Sweden, he in the reign of Henry I. and fituated

had never come to the block. The about a quarter of a mile distant from least infult provoked the Swedish king them.

to retaliate : the pious Charles of EngYet ibis by no means over turns Dr. land had a philofophic mind; he bore Stukeley's hypo:hesis, viz. that they with a manly courage the insults of his were originally ancient British cells. parliament, and had to lament the de- , The Brocains imight form them in the pravity of the people. What inonarch

could luftain the repeated indignitics of * Harg ave's “ History of the Castle,

Sir). Hotham at Hull, or quietly bear Town, and Forest of Knaresbrough,”. &c. &c. p. 43, an evterraioing init le book, which

* See plate 11. fig. 4: the inquililive traveller will and well worih + The late Dr. Fothergill declared the Jis perusal.

fame, See piase II. kg. 34

the

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