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THE

Gentleman's Magazine :

NUO
For FEBRUARY,

1786.

BEING THE SECOND NI UBER OF VOL. LVI.

PART 1.

From varisus Correspondents, and partin invasion above a month ago from several

cularly from 4 Friend at Barnard parts of Scotland. This report, I believe, Cafike, we bave been savoured with comes from Sir George Byng, and is of a rich Store of valuable Original such a nature, that I should be cautious Letters, which shall be given to our of mentioning it to any body but your Readers as jrequently as Opportunity Excellency. will permit.

As a Sample, we begin Among the prints which I fend you with Mr, Addison. The Diplomatic by this poit, the “ Effay upon Credit Correspondence fball be resumeil in our is faid to be written by Mr. Harley; and next. It come to band too late for the that of Bicker fiaft detected I," by Mr. present month.

Congreve. Dr. Garth (under whole 1. Mr. ADDISON 10 Lord WHARTON. , hands I am at present) will not excuse

My Lord, Lond. Aug, 24, 1710. me if I do not prefent his most bumble *RE#HIS morning I had the duty to your Lordship. The Doctor

honour of a visit from this morning thewed me a copy of vei fes T

Mr. Bertie, who, upon which he has made in praile of the late my, acquainting him lord creaturer $.

with your Lordship's The Lord illay is lately returned XXX concern for his brother's from Scotland; and, it is faid, the

election, declared him. Duke of Argyle is expected cvery day self very much obliged to your Lordo from Flanders. I am, with the greateit thip; but said, his brother was fo tired respect, my Lord, your Lord hip's most with fitting in the House, that he obedient and most humble lervant, would not be in it again upon any con

(Sigacd) J. ADDISON. fideration, I hear from my Lord Dartmouth's *

2. Reports of the Town, transmitted to office, that all the particulars which I

Lori Wharton by Mr. Addilon, with

the above Leiter. had in charge to his Lordfhip have been already complicd with, except that

of the town (as to public about proroguing the parliament, which affairs) are very various : what I have I have defired may be dispatched forth the honour to write to your Loidihip is with to your Excellency, in. cale it be the talk of the confiderable ople of judged neceffary.

the one side; but, as they are none of The privy council is to meet this them in the fecret, cannot be entirely night, in order (as it was said yefier-depended upon. day) to place my Lord Peterborough at The Duke of Queensborough, it is, the head of the Admiralty t, and to deter- faid, will be fucceeded || by the Lord mine of the diflolution : but this inern. Marr, or, as others are pohrive, by the ing I hear, from very good hands, thát Duke of Shrew ibury. If the firtt hapthere is advice of the Prince of Wales pen, he is to be lord high steward of being, ready to embark with a body of the houdhold ; if the second, to be lord troops at Dunkirk, and that the admin high chamberlain. The D. of Queenfrally is to attend the privy council upon borough declares he has heard nothing this occafion.

of bis removal. I was yetierday above. It is said, the Duke of Queensborough an hour in private at his office with the has had intimations of luch a deligned Lord Marr. * Then Secretary of State. Epit.

+ This did nor take place. Edit. 1 This pamphlet has been fonctimes ascribed to Rowe, but more commonly to Yalden, EDUT. $ This Epiftle to Lord Godolphio' is printed with Garth's Poems, EDIT.

The reports

92

Original Letters from Addison to Lord Wharton. Mr. Boyle is to make way for Mr. The tories having threatened to buy Si. John*.

up the stocks if they should fall upon The D. of Somerset represents him- the lord treasurer's dilimillion, the Duke self as actuared by perfonal piques in of Beaufort accordingly laid out about what he has done, and has refolved io '5000l. and was followed by two for adhere to the whiggith principles.' It three others with smaller fums; which is gevjerally laid he is fallen off from lifted them up for one day, after which the new minifters, and that he has re, they fell again. commended avhigs to all his boroughs. The tories' address is said to be write

The Duke of Newcafiie is very well ten by Mr. Hoadly; the whigs' by Mr. seith Mr. Harley, for wliom, they say, Attesbury **; Petticum's Letter by he had formerly a great friendship and Mr. Walpole. ultecin.

The clergy of the city of London are My Lord Somers is thought to have a about presenting an addrefs to her Ma. great personal interest in her majesty, jefty, which, they fay, is finely penned by but not sufficient to support his party: Dr. Atterbury; and some imagine it to that he feeins tolye-by in expectation will immediately precede the diilolution. of proper opportunities.

Collings the mcflenger is this evening Mr. Hampden refused to be a com arrived express from the Duke of millioner of the treatury, unless the par. Marlborough, with an account of the lament might be continued : it was surrender of Bethune; and it is faid certainly offcred him ; and, as they say, that he brings further intelligence of by the Queen herselt, who' (upon his the Duke's having received advices ansiver relating to the parliament) told from Spain, just before he came away, him," she had not fent for him for his of a second battle, wherein 12,000 men advise on that particular.”

were killed, and King Charles obtained Mr. Benson, a reputed whig, could the victory, not withstand the fame temptation,

Sir Sinon Harcourt, it is said, defires 3. Mr. ADDISON 10 Lord WHARTON. $ be attorney-generalt. Lord Guern My Lord,

Load. 08. 3, 17to, fcy, or Baron Price, or both, are talk I received the honour of your Lorded of to succeed the lord chancellor 1. fhip’s of the 15th, and have sent the The Earl Rivers, after having received coinmillions mentioned in it according his arreais for the Spanish tervice, and to your Lordship's commands, not hear equipage-money for his embally, fell ing as yer of any thing that hath pasied ill; and, as tomne tancy, will not recon which' fhould hinder your Lord nip ver in haste.

from signing thein. I mult, however, It is pretended by the whiga, the acquaint your Lordihip with a passage · Elector of Hanover has given asurances in one of Dawson's letters, dated the 3d that he will not accept the offer of ge- initant, which did not come to my neral; and that he is very much dir. hands will last night, haviog becii fent : pleased with the fashionable doctrine of attorine i Malmesbury by mistake. bereditary right.

I had mentioned to him, as your The Lord Rochester is by no ineans Lord hip had told me you'would have pleated with the new ministry, and lifted it believed, and as you had yourself up his hands with fome altonishment written the poft before to fome of your upon hearing in what manner the late friends in Ireland, that you had lignijerd treasurer was diliniffed. It is faid, fied to her Majesty your unwillingness ebenderter for that pui pete was delivered to continue in that government when 20 his Lordship by a groom, and that all your friends were dismissed; or to: he was directed by it to break luis fait that purpose: but at the fame time told without giving himself the trouble of him, that I believed your Lordship expoftularion 6

would not be out of it till fome months 'I heard this morning, froin good after. In answer to that letter, he hunds, ibe Duke of Shrew ibury tales of writes to me in the following words : 1. ying downx. Sir Theodore Jobulun: " You might be assured, that what. [amien] has furnihed the treasury ever you write to me was lodged in a with fome money.

tafe hand; but what you desired should * Tois conjecture was r ghi. Epit. t. And was luccessful. EDIT. I Neither of item fucceeded. The leals were put in comunillion Sept. 29; and given to Sir Simon Harcourt, as lord-keeper, 08. 9. EDIT. This is fully coofirmed by Swift's journal Letters to Siclia. Edit. #'The Duke was the lord chamberlain of the

Original Letters of Addison.Johnson's Vindication of himself. 93 not be taken notice of came over hi- , fraid what you say of his Grace docs ther by twenty letters in the same polt i not portend you any good. and the Whitehall letters froin both fe * And now, Sir, believe me, when I cretaries' offices, which came hither by affure you I never did, nor ever will, the same pacquet with yours, positively on any pretence whatsoever, take more mention my lord-lieutenant's refigna- than the stated and customary fees of tjon of liis government to her Majesty my office. I might keep the contrary on the 22d of the last month ; so that it is practice concealed from the world, were here no fecret, and every body looks I capable of it, but I could not from upon it that bis Excellency cannot act myself; and I hope I shall always fcar any more on his commiflion, but that the reproaches of my own heart more the government is absolutely in the than those of all mankind. In the mean hands of the lords justices till a new time, if I can serve a gentleman of me-governor is appointed.”

rit, and such a character as you bear in I will not take any notice of the re- the world, the fatisfaction I meet with ceipt of this letter till I hear further on such an occafion is always a sufficio from your Lordship; having by the ent, and the only, reward to, Sir, your last post, and all along, written in the most obedient, humble servant, character of fecretary to the lord-lieu. .

J. ADDISON. tenant. Your Lordship is doubtless the best judge of this matter, how far the MR. URBAN, Bath, Feb. 14. sefignation went, and how far it was

As a very dangerous miscontruction accepted; or whether it could be ac of a passage in a work of the late cepted effectually but by fuperleding Dr. Johnfon appears to have been made. your Lordship’s commiflion. I shall by foinc persons; and though the Dr. opiy take notice, that your Lordship's kindly condescended to correct the erletters to the secretary of state, and 10 ror, through the same channel that the the lords justices in Ireland, the firft re remark was firct intended to be conlating to the horses that are wanting veyed to him; yet as the misconstruction chere, and the other to the draugliting arising from a buuk may long survive the of 250 dragoons for the embarkation; explanation contained in a newspaper, both of them bear date Sept. 23. The I beg leare, through your lasting RepoInith gentlemen are positive that your fitory, in justice to the character of a Lordnip will be succeeded by the Duke most worthy man, to perpetuate the of Ormond; though there goes a whit: . Dr's Vindication of bimtelf, as well as per among fome of your Lordfhip's to communicate to the world the steps friends, that my Lord Rivers is cele which led to it, Yours, &c. A. B. tainly designed for that government.

T. SIR, Baih, May 4, 1782. Nobody here knows what to think of Conscious of the motive froni which the present state of atlairs. Those who I write, and trusting that it will readily got the last parliameut diffolved are as and clearly appear; I thall leave it to much aftonillics, and they say troubled, plead my cxcule for the trouble I may for the glut of tories that will be in the hicreby give you. Without farther bext, as the whigs themieres. Tam, preface, therefore, I take the liberty to with great respect, my Lord, your inform you, that, in the Morning ChroLordhip’s moft obedient and moti lium. nicle of Dec. 12 lat, a person, in the Wic servant,

character of a master of an academy, (Signed) J. ADDISON. recommended the “Beauties of your

Writings," a book published last year, 4. Mr. ADDISON to Mojor DUNBAR *, to all persons who have the care of on receiving a Bank bill of 300 guineas. youth, as well calculated to convey ar SIR,

June 26, 1715 once both pleature and instruction, parI find there is a very fiong oppolie ricularly to young mindo. Iluwerei, zion formed against you; but i thall he pointed out one pallage in it, under wait on my lord-licutcoantt this morn the article DEAT!!, which, he said, is ing, and lav your cale before him as fuppaled by foine readers to recommend advantageously as I can, if he is not suicide; but, knowing your principles cngaged in other company. I am ae. too well to join in this opinion, he

* We are aware that this letter has been ellewhere printed, but withost acknowledgements (which we are not alhained of making) to Curll, who originally produced it to pullic police. The honour it ruilccts on Aduiton's integrity is a Swieni apolugy íor die

ance.

94 Original Correspondence with Dr. Johnson, on Suicide. hoped you would favour the public, but an opinion fo weighty and serious af through the channel of the same paper, yours has determined me to do, what I with an explanation, which will effec- should, without your feafonable admotually remove so erroneous an idea. nition, have omitted ; and I will direct The paffage is as follows : “ To dic, my thought to be thewn in its true fate. is the fate of man; but to die with lin- If I could find the passage, I would direct gering anguilh is generally his folly."

you to it. I suppose the tenor is this: I confess, I have joined in the wish of « Acute diseases are the immediate and the letter-writer, but have not had the inevitable strokes of Heaven; but of pleasure of seeing it gratified. Pollibly them the pain is fort, and the concluthe letter has not come to your know, fion speedy: chronical disorders, by ledge, and therefore I take this method which we are suspended in tedious torní acquainting you with it; or proba- ture between life and death, are combiy the passage, when taken with the monly the effect of our own milconduct context, luses its exceptionable appear. and intemperance. To die,” &c. This,

I own, I do not recollect my Sir, you see is all true, and all blamehaving met with it is any of your leis.' I hope, fome time in the next works, though I cannot but suppote ie weck, to have all rectified. My health is to be found there, and on that ac has been lately much thaken; if you Fount you may have thought it unne favour this with any antwer, it will be cessary to give it any farther explana, a comfort to me to know that I have tion. Whatever may be the cause of your prayers. I am, Sir, your most your not having taken any notice of the humble servant, SAM. JOHNSON, larter, I cannot be satisfied whilst any To the Rev. Mr.

at Bath. thing, which has the sanction of your name, even appears, uncontroverted,

3. SIR,

Bath, May 18, 1782. to recommend suicide ; whilst the ac

I am to acknowledge and thank you knowledged friend of Religion and Vir. for your favour of the 15th; and I am tue is supposed, uncontradicted, to have happy to find, that you think the busipublithed any sentiment inconfitent neis on which I wrote to you not undewith the Chrißian Religion. I fall serving your attenzion. The feptimcot, ftill hope, therefore, that you will not as you liave prefaced and explained it, think your time mis-spent by publicly as I doubtedot would be the case, is removing this, pollibly, fone of

quite unexceptionable. %? fiuinbling," this, as it appears,

" rock

I am glad to find that you are better of offence;” especially as your filence than you have been, and on the recomay rend to confirn the opinion of very.' Indeed, I thould be wanting in those who understand the passage sa chis gratitude, as well as benevolence and very unfavourable fenle : and if you charity, if you had not, in return for thall think this del:rving of your pri.. the grear pléature I have received from vale notice, you will thereby confer an

jour writings, my, best wishes and prayhonour, as well as an obligation, 'or, ers; and particularly, as my last and Sir, your obedient humble servant, &c. beft, that, when the period of the preTo Dr. Johnton, &c.

sent state of your existence hall ap:

proach, you may have a thort and ealy. 2. SIR,

May 15, 1782. pailage from this life to that in which Being now in the country in a state

good men • reît from their labours, of recovery, as I hope, from a very and their work's foliisiv them.” i ard, oppiettive disorder,' I cannut neglect Sir, with great efeen, your obliged tric acknowledgement of your Christian and obedière humble fervant, &c. failli. The book, called “ The Beau

To Dr. Johnton, &c. zic's of )--n," is the production of I know not whom; I never saw it but 4. The following appeared in the Mornby casual inspection, and considered ing Chronicle of May 29, 3782. myself as utterly disengaged from its - A. correfpondent having mentioned, cunliqucnces. of the pallage you in the Morning Chronicle of Dec. 12, Bichuun I remember fome ovlice in the last clause of the following paratome paper; but, knowing that it must graph, as seeming to favour lucide; we bu millepicfented, I thought of it no arc requetied to print the whole piata more, nor do I now know where to fage, that its true meaning may appear, tilu se in my own books. I an accuf. which is not to recommend suicide, but Bud to think iltic of nen drapers; exercise.

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“ Exercise cannot secure us from that truth which can bind a man to fociety, diffolution to which we are decreed; I never have seen the above work of but, while the soul and body continue Mr. Jackson, called, as the Reviewer united, it can make the association fays, Thirty Letters; nor have ever pleasing, and give probabic hopes that heard it mentioned.

Nor have any They shall be disjoined by an ealy sepa- letters, or other writings, of Mr. Jackration. It was a. principle among the fon, been ever read, seen, or heard of,, ancients, that acute diseases are from by me. heaven, and chronical from ourselves; Perhaps some of your correspondents the dart of death indeed falls from hea. can inform when that book was pubven, but we poison it by our own mis- lithed; and, if quite recently, I foconduct : to die is the fate of man; but lemnly assure you that my “ Letters": co die with lingering anguish is gene. were designed, as appears from my comrally his folly." Vide RAMBLER, vol. mon-place books, in 1779 (tivo years II. No 83.

before any other work imputed to me

was published), and were, in 1980 and MR. URBAN,

Feb. 16. 1981, mentioned as a dcfign to two or cal Review hach, in his account finished in November, 1783. Of the of my little work, made two reflections last date proof can be produced, if one on my character, which might stain it or two respectable friends have kept both as an author and as a man, I must, my letters, or can charge their memory beg of you to admit a few lines in vin- with the time. At any rate, a letter dication. The reflections are, 1. An from one of our first literary characters, accusation of puffing my own writings, dated Dec 28 1781+ [eighty-ONE), though I loudly condemn that practice and in ansiver to one in which I acin these Letters. 2. A positive charge quainted him with the title, plan, and of plagiarism from book, called chief subjects meant to be treated, is " Letters by Mr. Jackson,” very lately left with Mr. Nichols, your printer, for printed.

the inspection of any person : in which 1. The error of the first charge may, he says, “ I shall be very glad to see perhaps, be more particularly known to any future publication of yours, and you, Mr. Urban, because you have ad. especially the Letters of Literature which mitted many friendly letters about my you propose,” &c. trifling performance into your Mifcel. As the Reviewer seems as much difa lany; and, it is likely, know from what posed to praise as to blame, and is not hands they come. But I must add, deftitute of candour, though quite misand that upon the whole faith and vera- informed in many particulars he adcity of a man who hath a much more mits, for want of reflecting that the precious character than that of author most insignificant writer may have many to maintain, that I never have used, enemies, it is hoped he will with plca. nor shall use, any such infamous arts. sure retract these iwo grcat mistakes. If any friend has sent any thing in this The Author of Leiters ofʻLiterature. way to the periodical prints, it is utter, ly without my knowledge. But, in Mr. URBAN, deed, the numerous arracks upon these In our account of the refult of the a nature

different petitions to the House man can fincerely imagine my friends, 'of Commons upon the subject of conor me, to have any concern in them. troverted elections (v. the last Supple. By pufing, I here mean, Mr. Urban, ment, p. 1016,] you have made two any intercourse with any periodical or three mistakes, one of which is wittı prints, either in praise or blame of one's respect to Bedford; the place was Bedwritings. In respect of defence, this fordshire, and the hon. St. Andrew St. may furely be allowed; yet, were it John was declared duly elc&ted. The not for an occasion of this fingular kind, I should ever entrust that to the reader

It appeared in 1783. See our vol. III. with refpe&tful filence.

p. 332. Edit. II. With regard to plagiarism, heary which a circumstance in the end puis the

† We have seen this letter of 1781 (of is the charge, nay, utterly destructive,

date beyond a doubt); and are convinced, were it not wholly without foundation.

from that and many other circurnítancer, For, Mr. Urban, upon the solemn ad thai boih the abeve charges are wholly wiinajuration ahove used, and by every wie of our foundation. Boit.

peticior

Feb. 15

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