Elements of Chemistry: Theoretical and Practical, Volume 3

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Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1867

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Índice

Method of Dumas
23
Method of Relative Volumes
24
Determination of Sulphur and of Phosphorus
25
Determination of Chlorine Bromine and Iodine
26
Determination of the Equivalents of Organic Compounds ib 1953 Distinction between Combining Proportion and Molecular Weight
28
Vapour Densityits Theoretical Value
29
Distinction between Atomic Weight and Molecular Weight 3 I
31
General Principles of Classification
33
Homologous SeriesIllustration from the Alcohols
34
SpermacetiCetyleneEthal
39
TABLE OF CONTENTS
42
Io92 Arguments for doubling the Atomic Weight of Oxygen
48
TABLE OF CONTENTS
49
Theory of Polybasic Elements
56
59 Collateral SeriesTable of the Derivatives of Alcohol
59
Io95 Application of the Theory of Multeguivalent Elements
64
Icó9 Influence of Position of the Atoms in a Compound upon
70
3 Metamorphosis by Substitution
77
of 4 Inverse Substitutions
84
Stearin
87
of 8 1 Cane Sugar or Sucrose
93
Quantitative Estimation of Sugar I
102
Fluorine F 19o S 2
119
IIo3 CºllinVegetable Parchment
134
7 Vanadium V
137
Tunicin 1 40
140
II Coal and other Combustille
146
a Alcoholic Fermentation I 52
152
4 Nature and Properties of Yeast
158
TABLE OF CONTENTS
172
Acetal
181
ſ 29 Tetrylic or Butylic Alcohol
190
Isethionic Parethionic and Althionic Acids
198
4o General Properties of the Ethers
207
I51 Nitric Ether
225
PARAGRAPH
229
Methylsulphuric Ether
235
Chloral or Trichloraldehyd
242
ZincEthyi
255
PAGE
264
12c2 VII Hydrocarbons derived from
270
b Homologues of Marsh Gas e H
276
o 3 Tritylene
282
Ethers of Glycol
288
1461
292
Cause of the Rancidity of Fats
296
253
300
Palmitin
307
Different forms of Glycerin
315
Acrolein or Acrylic Aldehyd
326
9
330
MannidesCompounds of Mannite with Acids
334
Io 11 12 Capric Euodic and Lauric Aldehyd
349
Simple and Compound or Colligated AcidsSulpho Acids
360
Oxychlorides of the Monobasic Acids
366
1273
373
Thiacetic Acid eH98
396
6
402
234
413
Malates
431
xxviii
436
Ordinary Tartaric or Dextroracemic Acid
441
Citrates
448
PARAGRAPH
452
I334 Pyrogallic AcidPyrogallin
458
CHAPTER VI
465
Action of Heat upon Citric AcidAconitic Acid
472
a Amides of the Monobasic Acids
483
Oxamic Acid
489
Artificial Production of Organic Bases
496
General Arrangement of the Organic Bases
502
General Methods of obtaining the Alcohol Bases
521
Methylia Trimethylia Hydrated Tetramethylium oxide
529
Diethylenia Acetylia Hydrated Piethylenium oxide
536
Bases which contain Orygen
544
308
545
b Alkaloids contained in Opium
550
Narceia
559
f Alkaloids of Coffee Tea and ChocolateCaffeine
565
Pleagh Arti page 1625 Parabanic Acid 81 I
567
17 Gluten
572
A Pure Hydrocarbons
578
236
581
Products of the Oxidation of Oil of Turpentine
585
409
589
9 Oils Analogous to the Aldehyds
595
Benzoic AcidBenzoic AnhydrideSulphobenzoic
605
309
608
Benzoic Alcohol and Ethers
613
Cumini SeriesEssence of Cumin
619
Anisyl HydrideAnisylic AlcoholAnishydramide
638
238
642
I474 Allyl SulphideEssence of Garlic
646
GuaiacumGuaiacic Acid
652
Resin of Jalap
659
PhloridzinPhloretinPhlorizein
661
Yellow Dyes1 Quercitron2 and 3 Old and Young Fustic
669
Extract of AloesAloinChrysammic Acid
677
White or Reduced IndigoIndigo Dye Wats
683
IsathydSulphisathyd
689
PARAGRAPH race
692
4
693
Dyeing and Calico PrintingMordants
699
3
705
Pyrene and Chrysene
706
Components of Coal Tar
717
NitrobenzolDinitrobenzol
723
PAhagharri ragr 1557 Carbazotic or Trinitrophenic AcidChloropicrin 73o 1558 Oxyphenic Acid or Pyrocatechin
731
Styphnic Acid
732
Naphthalic SeriesNaphthali
733
Cyanide of GoldPotassic Aurocyanide
748
Cyanides of Iron
749
Ferrocyanides MFeCy ib 1580 Hydroferrocyanic Acid
750
Potassic Ferrocyanide Prussiate of Potash
751
Prussian Blue
753
Basic Prussian Blue
754
Nitroprussides MFe0yid N 9Nitrosulphides of Iron
757
I
758
Cobalticyanides M600ys
760
PARAGRAPH Page 1587 Chromicyanides M GrCy Osmiocyanides Ruthenio cyanides
762
Platinocyanides M PtCy ib 1589 Platinicyanides
763
Iridicyanides MFrCyDouble Cyanides
764
Sulphocyanides M SCy ib I592 Hydrosulphocyanic AcidProducts of its Decomposition
766
MellonMellonidesMséNi
767
MelamMelamineAmmelineAmmelid
768
Cyanuric Acid
769
Isomerides of Cyanuric AcidCyanilic Acid 77 I
774
Compounds of Ammonia with Cyanic Acid
775
Bases of Animal Origin
776
UreaNatural and Artificial Sources ib 1602 Compounds of Urea with Salts and with Metallic Oxides
780
Liebigs Method of estimating Urea and Chlorides in Urine
781
Compound Ureas
783
Ureides
784
Biuret
785
Kreatine
787
Kreatinine
789
Sarkosine ib 161o Methyluramine
790
16II GuanineGuanidine 79 I
791
Xanthine 79 2
792
Hypoxanthine
793
Bases Homologous with Glycocine H141N6
794
GlycocineGlycolic Acid
796
Alanine
797
LeucineLeucic Acid
798
Uric Acid and its Derivatives 1619 Uric Acid
801
162o Urates
802
Products of the Decomposition of Uric Acid
803
Alloxan 8o3 1623 Alloxanic AcidDifluanLeucoturic Acid 8 Io 1624 Mesoxalic Acid 81 I
804
Oxaluric Acid
812
Alloxantin ib 1628 Dialuric Acid
813
Hydurilic Acid
814
Violuric Acid
815
Dilituric AcidViolantin ib 1632 Dibromobarbituric Acid Bromalloxan
816
Barbituric Acid
817
Tribromacetylurea
818
Review of Derivatives of Barbituric Acid ib 1636 Uramil or Dialuramide
819
Murexid Purpurate of Ammonia 82 o 1639 Pseudo Uric Acid 82 I
821
AllantoinAllanturic Lantanuric Acid
822
Hydantoin
823
GlycolurilGlycoluric Hydantoic Acid
824
Cystic Oxide ib 1644 Kynurenic Acid
825
Products of the Oxidation of the Albuminoid and Gelatige nous Groups
826
I Albuminoid Group
827
Properties and Composition of the Albuminoid Compounds
828
Proteinits Derivatives 83 I
832
Effect of Bases on Albumin
835
Sources of AlbuminParalbumin
837
Globulin
838
Vitellin ib 1655 Fibrin
839
Varieties of Fibrin
840
Casein 84 I
841
Action of Bases and Salts on Casein
843
Legumin
844
I66o II Gelatigenous Substances
845
GelatinOssein
846
Chondrin
847
PARAGRAPH
849
Colouring Matters of the LichensUsnic Acid
855
CartilageFibrous and Elastic Tissues
863
I681
873
1689
879
423
881
1694
885
The Bloodits general Character and Properties
895
The Chyle
902
CHAPTER XIII
904
Mineral Constituents of the Food of Plants 9
912
Chemia Nature of the Food of Animals 92 I
921
The Saliva
925
721 Nutrition and Disintegration 9 28
928
734 Animal Heat
937
Secreti Il
946
PARAGRAPH PAGE
947
PAGh
952
Atomic Volume of Solids1 Simple Bodies
956
2
957
427
963
903
965
a 2 Cinchonidine 3 Cinchonicine
968
Discussion of Kopps Conclusions
970
3I 2
971
502
975
368
977
I
981
315
984
243
986
594
987
Drinkwaters Table of the Quantity of Absolute Alcohol in Dilute
988
1248
991
443
992
398
993
529
994
875
998
I
1000
537
1002
876
1004
626
1006
879
1010
Fruit Sugar or LaevuloseInverted Sugar

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