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Rough and unhospitable: My willing love,
The rather by these arguments of fear,
Set forth in your pursuit.


My kind Antonio, I can no other answer make, but, thanks, And thanks, and ever thanks: Often good turns Are shuffled off with such uncurrent pay : But, were my worth, as is my conscience, firm, You should find better dealing. What's to do? Shall we go see the reliques of this town?

And thanks, and ever THANKS: Often good turns -] The old copy reads

"And thankes: and euer oft good turnes-." STEEVENS. The second line is too short by a whole foot. Then, who ever heard of this goodly double adverb, ever-oft, which seems to have as much propriety as always-sometimes? As I have restored the passage, it is very much in our author's manner and mode of expression. So, in Cymbeline:

"Since when I have been debtor to you for courtesies, which I will be ever to pay, and yet pay still.”

Again, in All's Well That Ends Well:

"And let me buy your friendly help thus far,

"Which I will over-pay, and pay again

"When I have found it." THEOBALD.

I have changed the punctuation, Such liberties every editor has occasionally taken. Theobald has completed the line, as follows:

"And thanks and ever thanks, and oft good turns." I read-often instead of oft, to complete the measure.


7 But, were my WORTH,] Worth, in this place means wealth or fortune. So, in The Winter's Tale :


and he boasts himself

"To have a worthy feeding."

Again, in Ben Jonson's Cynthia's Revels:

"Such as the satyrist paints truly forth,

"That only to his crimes owes all his worth.”


8 the RELIQUES of this town?] I suppose, Sebastian means, the reliques of saints, or the remains of ancient fabricks.

These words are explained by what follows:


ANT. To-morrow, sir; best, first, go see your


SEB. I am not weary, and 'tis long to night;
I pray you, let us satisfy our eyes

With the memorials, and the things of fame,
That do renown this city.


'Would, you'd pardon me; I do not without danger walk these streets: Once, in a sea-fight, 'gainst the Count his gallies, I did some service; of such note, indeed,

That, were I ta'en here, it would scarce be an


SEB. Belike, you slew great number of his people. ANT. The offence is not of such a bloody nature; Albeit the quality of the time, and quarrel, Might well have given us bloody argument. It might have since been answer'd in repaying What we took from them; which, for traffick's


Most of our city did: only myself stood out :

For which, if I be lapsed in this place,

I shall pay dear.


Do not then walk too open.

ANT. It doth not fit me. Hold, sir, here's my


In the south suburbs, at the Elephant,

Is best to lodge: I will bespeak our diet,

Whiles you beguile the time, and feed your knowledge,


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"Let us satisfy our eyes

"With the memorials, and the things of fame,
"That do renown this city." MALONE.

the COUNT HIS gallies,] I suspect our author wrotecounty's gallies, i. e. the gallies of the county, or count; and that the transcriber's ear deceived him. However, as the present reading is conformable to the mistaken grammatical usage of the time, I have not disturbed the text.


With viewing of the town; there shall you have


SEB. Why I your purse


ANT. Haply your eye shall light upon some toy You have desire to purchase; and your store, I think, is not for idle markets, sir.

SEB. I'll be your purse-bearer, and leave you for an hour.

ANT. To the Elephant.-
SEB. I do remember.



OLIVIA'S Garden.


OLI. I have sent after him: He says, he'll come1; How shall I feast him? what bestow on him 2? For youth is bought more oft, than begg'd, or bor


I speak too loud.

Where is Malvolio ?-he is sad, and civil3,


He says, he'll come ;] i. e. I suppose now, or admit now, he says, he'll come. WARBURTON.


what bestow on him?] The old copy readshim," a vulgar corruption of-on. STEEVENS. Of, is very commonly, in the North, still used for on. sad, and CIVIL,] i. e. solemn and grave. and Juliet:


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"bestow of


So, in Romeo

"Thou sober-suited matron, all in black." MALONE.

So, in As You Like It:


Tongues I'll hang on every tree,

"That shall civil sayings show-.”

See note on that passage, vol. vi. p. 424.

Again, in Decker's Villanies Discovered by Lanthorne and Candlelight, &c. 1616: "If before she ruffled in silkes, now is she


And suits well for a servant with my fortunes ;Where is Malvolio?

MAR. He's coming, madam; but in very strange manner. He is sure possess'd madam.


OLI. Why, what's the matter? does he rave ? MAR. No, madam, he does nothing but smile: your ladyship were best to have some guard about you, if he comes; for, sure the man is tainted in's wits.

OLI. Go call him hither.—I am as mad as he, If sad and merry madness equal be.


How now, Malvolio ?

MAL. Sweet lady, ho, ho. [Smiles fantastically. OLI. Smil'st thou ?

I sent for thee upon a sad occasion.

MAL. Sad, lady? I could be sad: This does make some obstruction in the blood, this cross-gartering; But what of that, if it please the eye of one, it is with me as the very true sonnet is: Please one, and please all.

OLI. Why, how dost thou, man? what is the matter with thee?

MAL. Not black in my mind, though yellow in

more civilly attired than a mid-wife." Again-" civilly suited, that they might carry about them some badge of a scholler." Again, in David Rowland's translation of Lazarillo de Tormes, 1586: he throwing his cloake ouer his leaft shoulder very civilly," &c. STEEVENS.


4 But in strange manner. He is sure possess'd.] The old copy reads

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But in very strange manner. He is sure possess'd, madam." For the sake of metre, I have omitted the unnecessary wordsvery and madam. STEEVENS.

5 Were best have guard about you, if he come ;] The old copy, redundantly, and without addition to the sense, reads


Were best to have some guard," &c. STEEVENS. I have printed this speech as prose, according to the old copy. BOSWELL.

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my legs: It did come to his hands, and commands shall be executed. I think, we do know the sweet Roman hand.

OLI. Wilt thou go to bed, Malvolio?

MAL. To bed? ay, sweet-heart; and I'll come to thee.

OLI. God comfort thee! Why dost thou smile so, and kiss thy hand so oft?

MAR. How do you, Malvolio?

MAL. At your request? Yes; Nightingales answer daws.

MAR. Why appear you with this ridiculous boldness before my lady?

MAL. Be not afraid of greatness :-'Twas well writ.

OLI. What meanest thou by that, Malvolio?
MAL. Some are born great,—

OLI. Ha?

MAL. Some achieve greatness,—

OLI. What say'st thou ?

MAL. And some have greatness thrust upon them. OLI. Heaven restore thee!

MAL. Remember, who commended thy yellow stockings ;

OLI. Thy yellow stockings?

MAL. And wished to see thee cross-gartered.
OLI. Cross-gartered?

MAL. Go to: thou art made, if thou desirest to be so ;

OLI. Am I made ?


66 ―

kiss thy hand so OFT?] This fantastical custom is taken notice of by Barnaby Riche, in Faults and Nothing but Faults, 4to. 1606, p. 6: and these Flowers of Courtesie, as they are full of affectation, so are they no less formall in their speeches, full of fustian phrases, many times delivering such sentences, as do betray and lay open their masters' ignorance: and they are so frequent with the kisse on the hand, that word shall not passe their mouthes, till they have clapt their fingers over their lippes." REED.

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