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Oth. Not now, sweet Desdemona; some other lago. But for a satisfaction of my thought ; time.

No further harm. Des. But shall’t be shortly?

Oth. Why of thy thought, lago?
Oth. The sooner, sweet,

for
you.

lago. I did not think, he had been acquainted Des. Shall't be to-night at supper?

with it. Oth. No, not to-night.

Oth. O yes; and went between us very oft. Des. To-morrow dinner then?

lago. Indeed? Oth. I shall not dine at home.

Oth. Indeed! ay, indeed; Discern'st thoa I meet the captains at the citadel. [morn;

aught in that?
Des. Why then, to-morrow night; or Tuesday 10 Is he not honest?
Or Tuesday noon, or night; or Wednesday morn; lago. Honest, my lord?
I pray thee, name the time; but let it not

Oth. Honest! ay, honest.
Exceed three days: in faith, he's penitent; Jago. My lord, for aught I know.
And yet his trespass, in our common reason,

Oth. What dost thou think? (Save that, they say, the wars must make ex- 15 lago. Think, my lord?

[me, amples

Oth. Think, my lord;—By heaven, he echoes Out of their best) is not almost a fault

As if there were some monster in his thought, To'incur a private check: When shall he come? Too hideous to be shewn.—Thou dost mean some Tell me, Othello. I wonder in my soul,

thing: What could ask me, that I should deny, 20|| heard thee say but now,- Thou lik’dst not that, Or stand so mammering on'. What! Michael When Cassio left my wife; What didst not like? Cassio,

[time, And, when I told thee-he was of my counsel That 'came a-wooing with you; and so many a In my whole course of wooing, thou cry’dst, When I have spoke of you dispraisingly,

Indeed! Hath ta’en your part; to have so much to do 25 And didst contract and purse thy brow together, To bring him in! Trust me, I could do much, As if thou then hadst shut up in thy brain Oth. Prythee, no more: let him come when Some horrible conceit. If thou dost love me, he will;

Shew me thy thought. I will deny thee nothing.

Iago. My lord, you know I love you. Des. Why, this is not a boon;

30 Oth. I think, thou do'st; 'Tis as I should entreat you wear your gloves, Ard,—for I know thou art full of love and ho Or feed on nourishing dishes, or keep you warm;

nesty,

[breath, Or sue to you to do a peculiar protit

And weigh’st thy words before thou giv’st them To your own person : Nay, when I have a suit, Therefore these stops of thine fright me the more: Wherein I mean to touch your love indeed, 35 for such things, in a false disloval knave, It shall be full of poize’ and difficulty,

Are tricks of custom; but, in a inan that's just, And fearful to be granted.

They are close delations ', working from the heart, Oth. I will deny thee nothing:

That passion cannot rule. Whereon, I do beseech thee, grant me this,- lago. For Michael Cassio, To leave me but a little to myself.

401 dare be sworn, I think that he is honest. Des. Shall I deny you? no: Farewell, my lord. Oth. I think so too. @th. Farewell, my Desdemona: I will come to lago. Men should be what they seem; thee straight.

(teach you : Or, those that be not, 'would they might seem Des. Æmilia, come: -Be it as your fancies

none ! Whate'er you be, I am obedient.

145 Oth. Certain, men should be what they seem. [Exit with Æmil.

lago. Why then, I think Cassio's an hestest Oth. Excellent wretch'! Perdition catch my soul, But I do love thee! and when I love thee not, Oth. Nay, yet there's more in this : Chaos is come again.

I pray thee, speak to me as to thy thinkings, lago. My noble lord.

50 As thou dosi ruminate; and give thy worst of oth. What dost thou say, Iago? (lady, The worst of words.

(thoughts lago. Did Michael Cassio, when you wood my lago. Good my lord, pardon me; Know of

your
love?

[ask? Though I am bound to every act of duty, Oth. He did, from first to last: Why dost thou I am not bound to that all slaves are free to.

man.

· To hesitate, to stand in suspence. ?j. e. of weight 3 The word wretch, in some parts of England, is a term of the softest and fondest tenderness. It expresses the utmost degree of amiableness, joined with an idea, which perhaps all tenderness includes, of feebleness, softness, and want of protection. * i.e. When I cease to love thee, the world is at an end; i. e. there remains nothing Tuable or important. 5i.e. occult and secret accusations, working involuntarily from the heart, which, though resolved to conceal the fault, cannot rule its passion of resentmeat. i. e. would they might no longer scem, or bear the shape of men.

Utter Utter my thoughts? Why, say, they are vile and Think'st thou, I'd make a life of jealousy, false, -

To follow still the changes of the moon As where's that palace, whereinto foul things With fresh suspicions? No; to be once in doubt, Sometin.es intrude not? who has a breast so pure, is-once to be resolv’d: Exchange me for a goat, But some uncleanly apprehensions

5. When I shall turn the business of iny soul Keep leets, and law-days, and in session sit

To such exsuffolate and blown surmises", With meditations lawfuli?

Matching thy inference. Tis not to make me Oth. I hou dost conspire against thy friend, Iago,

jealous, If thou but think’st him wrong’d, and mak’st hi- Posay-iy wife is fair, feeds well, loves company, A stranger to thy thoughts.

[eai 10 is free of speech, sings, plays, and dances well; lago. I do beseech you,

Where virtue is, these are more virtuous; Tbough I-perchance, am vicious in my guess ?, Nor from mine own weak inerits will I draw (As, I confess, it is my nature's plague

l'he smallest fear, or doubt of her revolt; To spy into abuses; and, oft, my jealousy For she had eyes, and chose me: No, lago; Shapes faults that are not) that your wisdom yet, 15 I'll see, before I doubt; when I doubt, prove; From one that so imperfectly conceits,

And, on the proof, there is no more but this,Would take nonotice; nor build yourselfa trouble Away at once with love, or jealousy. [reason Out of his scattering and unsure observance :- Iago. I am glad of this; for now I shall have It were not for your quiet, nor your good,

To shew the love and duty that I bear you Nor for my manhood, honesty or wisdom,

20 With franker spirit: therefore, as I am bound, To let you know my thoughts.

Receive it from me:-I speak not yet of proof. Olh. What dost thou mean?

Look to your wife; observe her well with Cassio ; lago. Good name, in man and woman, dear Wear your eye-thus, not jealous, nor secure: my lord,

I would not have your free and noble nature, Is the immediate jewel of their souls:

25 Out of self-bounty“, be abus'd; look to 't: Wko steals my purse, steals trash ; 'tis something,

I know our country disposition well; nothing;

In Venice they do let heaven see the pranks Twas mine,'tis his, and has beenslave to thousands; They dare not shew their husbands; their best But he, that filches from me my good name,

conscience Robs me of that, which not enriches him, 30 Isnot to leave undone, but keep unknown. And makes me poor indeed.

Oth. Dost thou say so? Oth. By heaven, I'll know thy thought.

Tago. She did deceive her father,marrying you; Iugo. You cannot, if my heart were in your

And, when she seem'd toshake,and fear your looks, hand;

She lov'd them most?. Nor shall not, whilst 'tis in my custody.

35 Oth. And so she did. Cth. Ha!

lago. Why, go to, then; Iago. O, beware, my lord, of jealousy; She that, so young, could give out such a seeming, It is the green-ey'd monster, which doth mock' To seel her father's eyes up, close as oak, — The meat it feeds on: That cuckold lives in bliss, He thought, 'twas witchcraft:—But I am inuch Who, certain of his fate, loves not his wronger;

401

to blame; But,O, what damned minutes tells he o'er, (loves! I humbly do beseech you of your pardon, Who dotes, yet doubts; suspects, yet strongly

For too much loving you. Oth. O misery!

Oth. I am bound to thee for ever. lago. Poor and content, is rich, and rich enough; lago. I see, this hath a little dash'd your spirits. But riches, fineless“, is as poor as winter,

45 oth. Not a jot, not a jot. To him that ever fears he shall be poor

Iago. Trust me, I fear it has.
Good heaven, the souls of all my tribe defend I hope, you will consider, what is spoke
From jealousy!

Comes from my love :-But, I do see, you are Oth. Why? why is this?

mov'd ;

The poet's meaning is, “Who has a breast so little apt to form ill opinions of others, but that foul suspicions will sometimes mix with his fairest and most candid thoughts, and erect a court in his mind, to enquire of the offences apprehended!” - i. e. am apt to put the worst construction on every thing. ' i. e. loaths that which nourishes and sustains it. This being a miserable state, lago bids him beware of it. * i.e. unbounded, endless, unnumbered treasures. The allusion is to a bubble. Self-bounty, for inherent generosity. Dr. Johnson observes, that “this and the following argument of lago ought to be deeply impressed on every reader. Deceit and falsehood, whatever conveniencies they may for a time promise or produce, are, in the sum of life, obstacles to happiness. Those who profit by the cheat, distrust the deceiver; and the act by which kindness was sought, puts an end to confidence. The same objection may be made with a lower degree of strength against the imprudent generosity of disproportionate marriages. When the first heat of passion is over, it is easily succeeded by suspicion, that the same violence of inclination, which caused one irregularity, may stiniulate to another; and those who have shewn, that their passions are too powerful for their prudence, will, with very slight appearances against them, be censured, as not very likely to restrain them by their virtue." .: Close us oak, means, close as the grain of the oak: To seel is an expression taken from falconry.

3 Y 3

I ain

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with you,

(Going. 30

I am to pray you not to strain my speech And knows all qualities, with a learned' spirit, To grosser issues', nor to larger reach,

Of human dealings: If I do prove her haggard', Than to suspicion.

Though that her jesses' were my dear heart-strings, Oth. I will not.

I'd whistle her off, and let her down the wind, lago. Should you do so, my lord,

5 To prey at fortune 10, Haply, for I am black; My speech should fall into such vile success ? And have not those soft parts of conversation As my thoughts aim not at. Cassio 's my worthy That chamberers "I have : Or, for I am declin'd friend :

Into the vale of years ;-yet that's not much ;My lord, I see you are mov'd.

She's gone; I am abus'd; and my relief Oth. No, not much mov'd:

10 Must be to loath her. O curse of marriage, I do not think but Desdemona's honest.

That we can call these delicate crcatures ours, Iago. Long live she so ! and long live you to And not their appetites ! I had rather be a toad, think so!

And live upon the vapour of a dungeon, Oth. And yet, how nature erring from itself,-. Than keep a corner in the thing I love, lago. Ay, there's the point: As,--be bold 15 For others' uses. Yet, 'tis the plague of great ones;

Prerogativ'd are they less than the base : Not to affect many proposed matches,

'Tis destiny unshunnable, like death; Of her own clime, complexion, and degree; Even then this forked plague " is fated to us, Whereto, we see, in all things nature tends : When we do quicken. Desdemona comes: Foh! one may smell, in such, a will most rank ’, 120 Enter Desdemona and Emilia. Foul disproportion, thoughts unnatural. – If she be false, O, then heaven mocks itself!-But pardon me; I do not, in position,

I'll not believe it. Distinctly speak of her: though I may fear, Des. How now, my dear Othello? Her will, recoiling to her better judgement, Your dinner, and the generous islanders!! May fall to match you with her country forms, 25 By you invited, do attend your presence. And (happily) repent.

oth. I ain to blame.

[well! Oth. Farewell, farewell:

Des. Why is your speech so faint? are you not If more thou dost perceive, let me know more; Oth. I have a pain upon my forehead here. Set on thy wife to observe: Leave me, Iago. Des. Why, that's with watching; 'twill away Iago. My lord, I take iny leave.

again: Oth. Why did I marry ? - This honest creature, Let me but bind it hard, within this hour doubtless,

[folds. It will be well. Sees and knows more, much more, than he un- Oth. Your napkin is too little; Iago. My lord,- I would, I might entreat your

[She drops her landkerchief. honour

35 Let it alone. Come, I'll go in with you. To scan this thing no further; leave it to time: Des. I am very sorry that you are not well

. And though it be fit that Cassio bave his place,

[Exeunt Des. and Oth, (For, sure, he fills it up with great ability)

Æmil. I am glad, I have found this napkin; Yet, if you please to hold him off a while, This was her first renembrance from the Moor: You shall by that perceive him and his means * : 40 My wayward husband hath a hundred times Note, if your lady strain his entertainment 5 Woo'd'ine to steal it; but she so loves the token, With any strong, or vehement importunity; (For he conjur'd her, she should ever keep it) Much will be seen in that. In the mean time, That she reserves it evermore about her, Let me be thought too busy in my fears,

To kiss and talk to. I'll have the work ta'en out, (As worthy cause I have, to fear-I am) 45 And give it Iago : And hold her free, I do beseech your honour. What he 'll do with it, heaven knows, not !; Oth. Fear not my government'.

I nothing but to please his phantasy. Jago. I once more take my leave. [Exit.

Enter layo. Oth. This fellow's of exceeding honesty, lago. How now? what do you here alone? ' Issues, for conclusions.

2 Iago means,

Should you do so, ny lord, my words would be attended by such infamous degree of success, as my thoughts do not even aim at.” A rank will, is self-will overgrown and exuberant. * i.e. You shall discover whether he thinks his best means, his inost powerful interest, is by the solicitation of your lady: 5 i. e. press hard his ré-adınission to his pay and office.--Entertainment was the military term for admission of soldiers. 1. e. do not distrust my ability to contain my passion. Learned, for experienced. * A haggard hawk is a wild hawk, a hawk dificult to be reclaim'd.--It appears also, that haggard was a term of reproach'sometimes applied to a wanton. ' Jesses are short straps of leather tied about the foot of a hawk, by which she is held on the fist. 10 Dr. Johnson observes, that the falconers always let fly the hawk against the wind ; if she flies with the wind behind her, she seldom returns. If therefore a hawk was for any reason to be disniissed, she was let down the wind, and from that time shifted for herself, and prey'd at fortune. 1 i. e. men of intrigue. In allusion, according to Dr. Johnson, to a barbed or forked arrow, which, once intixed, cannot be extracted. Or, according to Dr. Percy, the forked plague may mean the cuckold's horns.

." The generous islanders are the islanders of rank, distinomion : i. e. your pocket-handkerchief.

prove it,

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Æmil. Do not you chide ; I have a thing for (Farewell the neighing steed, and the shrill trump, you.

[mon thing. The spirit-stirring drum, the ear-piercing fife, lago. You have a thing for me?-It is a com- The royal banner; and all quality, Amil. Ha!

Pride, pomp, and circumstance of glorious war! lago. To have a foolish wife.

[now 5 And O you mortal engines, whose rude throats Amil. O, is that all? what will you give me The immortal Jove's dread clamours counterfeit, For that same handkerchief?

Farewell ! Othello's occupation's gone! lago. What handkerchief?

lago. Is it possible?-My lord, Æmil. What handkerchief?

Oth. Villain, besure thou prove my love a whore; Why, that the Moor first gave to Desdemona; 10 Be sure of it; give me the ocular proof; That which so often you did bid me steal.

[Catching hold on him. lago. Hast stolen it from her?

Or, by the worth of mine eternal soul, Æmil. No; but she let it drop by negligence; Thou hadst been better have been born a dog, And, to the advantage, I, being here, took it up'. Than answer my wak'd wrath. Look, here it is.

(15) lago. Is it come to this? Iago. A good wench; give it me.

Oth. Make me to see it; or (at the least) so Æmil. What will you do with it, that you have þeen so earnest

That the probation bear no hinge, nor loop, To have me filch it?

To hang a doubt on: or, woe upon thy life! lago. Why, what is that to you? [Snatching it.20 lago. My noble'lord, Æmil. If it be not for some purpose of import,

oth. If thou dost slander her, and torture me, Give it me again: Poor lady! she'll run mad, Never pray more: abandon all remorse * ; When she shall lack it.

On horror's head horrors accumulate; lago. Be not you known on't; I have use for it. Do deeds to make heaven weep, all carth amaz’d; Go, leave me.

[Exit Æmil. 25 For nothing canst thou to danination add, I will in Cassio's lodging lose this napkin, Greater than that. And let him find it: Trifles, light as air,

Iago. O grace! O heaven defend me! Arc, to the jealous, confirmations strong

Are you a man? have you a soul, or sense? As proofs of holy writ. This may do something. God be wi' you; take mine office.-O wretched The Moor already changes with my poison:- 130 fool, Dangerous conceits are, in their natures, poisons, That liv'st to make thine honesty a vice! Which, at the first, are scarce found to distaste; O monstrous world! Take note, take note, O But, with a litue act upon the blood,

Tobe direct and honest, is not safe. [world, Burn like the mines of sulphur.—I did say so: I thank you for this profit: and, from hence, Enter Othello.

351 'll love no friend, sith love breeds such offence, Look, where he comes! Not poppy, nor man- Oth. Nay, stay:-Thou should'st be honest. dragora’,

lago. I should be wise; for honesty's a fool, Nor all the drowsy syrups of the world,

And loses that it works for. Shall ever med'cine ihee to that sweet sleep Oth. By the world, Which thou ow’dst' yesterday.

40 I think my wife be honest, and think she is not; Oth. Ha! ha! false to me: to me?

I think that thou art just, and think thou art not;
Jago. Why, how now, general i no more of that. I'll have some proof: Her name, that was as fresh
Oth. Avaunt! be gone? thou hast set me on the As Dian's visage, is now begrim'd and black
rack:

As mine own face. If there be cords, or knives, 1 swear, 'tis better to be much abusod,

45 Poison, or fire, or suffocating streams, Than but to know a little.

I'll not endure it. --'Would, I were satisfied! lago. How now, my lord?

lago. I see, sir, you are eaten up with passion; Oth. What sense had I of her stolen hours of lust? I do repent me, that I put it to you. I saw it not, thought it not, it harın'd not me: You would be satisfied? I slept the next night well, was free, and merry;150 Oth. Would? nay, I will.

[lord ? I found not Cassio's kisses on her lips :

lago. And may; But, how ? how satisfied, my He that is robb’d, not wanting what is stolen, Would you, the supervisor, grossly gape on? Let him not know it, and he's not robb’d at all. Behold her tupp'd'? Jago. I am sorry to hear this.

Oth. Death and damnation! 01. Oth. I had been happy, if the general camp, 55 Iugo. It were a tedious difficulty, I think, Pioneers and all, had tasted her sweet body, To bring 'em to that prospect : Damn them then, So I had nothing known: O now, for ever, If ever mortal eyes do see them bolster, Farewell the tranquil mind! farewell content ! More than their own! What then? how then? Farewell the plumed troop, and the big wars, What shall I say? Where's satisfaction? That make ambition virtue! O, farewell ! \60.It is impossible, you should see this,

' i. e. I being opportunely here, took it up. · The mandragoras, or mandruke, has a soporific quality, and the ancients used it when they wanted an opiate of the most powerful kind. possessedst, or hadst. : i. e. pity • A ram, in Staffordshire and some other counties, is called 3 Y 4

Were

3 i.e.

a tup.

Were they as prime' as goats, as hot as monkeys, To the Propontic, and the Hellespont;
As salt as wolves in pride, and fools as gross

Even so my bloody thoughts, with violent pace,
As ignorance made drunk. But yet, I say, Shall ne'er look back, ne'er ebb to humble love,
If imputation, and strong circumstances, 'Till that a capable and wide revenge
Which lead directly to the door of truth,- 5 Swallow them up.—Now, by yon marble heaven,
Will give you satisfaction, you might have it. In the due reverence of a sacred vow [He kneels.

Oth. Give me a living reason that she's dis- I here engage my words.
Iago. I do not like the office: [loyal. lago. Do not rise yet.-

[Iago kneels,
But, sith I am enter'd in this cause so far,- Witness, you ever-burning lights above!
Prick'd to it by foolish honesty, and love,-- 10 You elements that clip us round about!
I will go on. I lay with Cassio lately;

Witness, that here lago doth give up And, being troubled with a raging tooth,

The execution of his wit, hands, heart, I could not sleep.

To wrong'd Othello's service! Let him command, There are a kind of men so loose of soul,

And to obey shall be in me remorse,
That in their sleeps will mutter their affairs; 15 What bloody work soever'.
One of this kind is Cassio :

Oth. I greet thy love,

(teous, In sleep I heard him say,–Sueet Desdemona, Not with

vain thanks, but with acceptance bourLet us be wary, let us hide our lores !

And will upon the instant put thee to't: And then, sir, would he gripe, and wring my hand; Within these three days let me bear thee say, Cry;-0 sweet creature and then kiss me hard, 120 That Cassio 's not alive.

[quest: As if he pluck'd up kisses by the roots,

lago. My friend is dead; 'tis done at your r& That

grew upon my lips: then lay his leg But let her live. Over my thigh, and sigh, and kiss ; and then Oth. Damn her, lewd minx! 0, damn her! Cry,--Cursed fate ! that gare thee to the Moor!

Come, go

with me apart; I will withdraw, Oth. O monstrous! inonstrous!

25 To furnish me with some swift means of death lago. Nay, this was but his dream.

For the fair devil. Now art thou my lieutenant, Oih. But this denoted a foregone conclusion" ; lago. I am your own for ever. [Excunt. 'Tis a shrewd doubt, though it be but a dreap. Iago. And this may help to thicken other proofs,

SCENE IV. That do demonstrate thinly:

301 Oth. I'll tear her all to pieces.

Another Apartment in the Castle. Iago. Nay, but be wise ; yet we see nothing

Enter Desdemona, Æmilia, and Cloun. done;

Des. Do you know, sirrah, where lieutenant She may be honest yet. Tell me but this,

Cassio lies? Have you not sometimes seen a handkerchief, 35 Clown. I dare not say, he lies any where. Spotted with strawberries, in your wife's hand? Des. Why, man?

Oth. I gave her such a one; 'twas my first gift. Clown. He's a soldier; and for me to say a sol

Iago. I know not that: but such a handkerchief dier lies, is stabbing. (I am sure, it was your wife's) did I to-day Des. Go to; Where lodges he? See Cassio wipe his beard with.

40 Clown. To tell you where he lodges, is to tell Oth. If it bé that,

you where I lie. Jago. If it be that, or any, if’twas hers,

Des. Can any thing be made of this? It speaks against her, with the other proofs. Clown. I know not where he lodges; and for

Oth. O, that the slave had forty thousand lives; me to devise a lodging, and say—he lies here, of One is too poor, too weak for my revenge! 45 he lies there, were to lie in inine own throat. Now do I see 'tis true.-Look here, Iago;

Des. Can you enquire him out and be edify'd All my fond love thus do I blow to heaven: by report? 'lis gone.

Cloun. 'I will catechize the world for bim; Arise, black vengeance, from thy hollow cell! that is, make questions, and make them answer. Yield up, O love; thy crown, and hearted throne, 50 Des. Seck him, bid hini come hither: tell him, Totyrannous hate! swell, bosom, with thyfraught", I have mov'd my lord in his behalf, and hope, all For tis for aspicks' tongues !

will be well. Iago. Pray, be content.

Clozen. To do this is within the compass of man's Oth. O, blood, Iago, blood ! [change. wit; and therefore I will attempt the doing of it. Iago. Patience, I say; your mind, perhaps, may 55

(Erit

, Din. Never, Iago : Like to the Pontic sea, Des. Where should I lose that landkerchief

, Whose icy current and compulsive course Emilia Ne'er feels retiring ebb, but keeps due on

Æmil. I know not, madam.

' Prime is prompt, from the Celtic or British prim. · Living for speaking, manifest. ! Con clusion, for fact. * Hearted throne, is the heart on which thou wast enthroned. "j. e. swell, because the draught is of poison. • i. e. ample; capacious. Mr. Tollet explains this passage thus : " Let hini command any bloody business, and to obey shall be in me an act of pity and compassion for wrong'd Othello.--- Remorse frequently signifies pity, mercy, compassion, or a tender ness of heart, unattended with the stings of a guilty conscience,

Des

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