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Cas. You advise me well.
lago. I protest, in the sincerity of love, and honest kindness.
She shall undo her credit with the Moor.
Rod. I do follow here in the chace, not like a hound that hunts, but one that fills up the cry.My money is almost spent; I have been to-night exceedinglywell cudgell'd; and, I think, the issue 10 will be-I shall have so much experience for my pains: and so, with no money at all, and a little more wit, return to Venice. [tience! Iago. How poor are they, that have not pa What wound did ever heal, but by degrees? 15 Thou know'st, we work by wit, and not by witchcraft;
Cas. I think it freely; and, betimes in the morning, I will beseech the virtuous Desdemona 5 to undertake for me: I am desperate of my fortunes, if they check me here.
Jago. You are in the right. tenant; I must to the watch.
Good night, lieu
Cas. Good night, honest Iago. [Exit Cassio. Iago. And what's he then, that says-I play the villain?
When this advice is free' I give, and honest,
And wit depends on dilatory time.
Does 't not go well? Cassio hath beaten thee, And thou,by that small hurt,hast cashier'd Cassio: 20 Though other things grow fair against the sun, Yet fruits, that blossom first, will first be ripe: Content thyself a while.-By the mass, 'tis morn ing:
Pleasure, and action, make the hours seem short.-25 Retire thee; go where thou art billeted: Away, I say; thou shalt know more hereafter: Nay, get thee gone.—' [Exit Roderiga
Two things are to be done,My wife must move for Cassio to her mistress; 30I'll set her on;
that I know. But, masters, here's money for you: and the general so likes your music, that he 45 desires you, of all loves, to make no more noise with it.
Enter Cassio, with Musicians.
Cas. MASTERS, play here, I will content
your pains, [general. Something that's brief; and bid-good-morrow, [Musick plays, and enter Cloren. 50 Clown. Why, masters, have your instruments been at Naples, that they speak i' the nose thus ?? Mus. How, sir, how?
Clown. Are these, I pray you, call'd wind in
Mus. Ay, marry, are they, sir.
Clown. O, thereby hangs a tail.
Myself, the while, will draw the Moor apart,
1i. e. has an appearance of honest openness, of frank good-will. elements, out of which all things are produced. • Pestilence, for poison. That is, recalls him. ? The venereal disease first appeared at the siege of Naples,
* Liberal, bountiful, as the i. e. a course level, and even with his design.
A metaphor from taking birds in meshes.
that attends the general's wife, be stirring, tell her, there's one Cassio entreats her a little favour of speech: Wilt thou do this?
Clown. She is stirring, sir; if she will stir hither, I shall seem to notify unto her. [Exit Clown. Enter lago. Cas. Do, good my friend. In happy time, Iago. Jago. You have not been a-bed then? Cas. Why, no; the day had broke Before we parted. I have made bold, Iago, To send in for your wife: My suit to her Is, that she will to virtuous Desdemona Procure me some access.
Jago. I'll send her to you presently: And I'll devise a mean to draw the Moor Out of the way, that your converse and business May be more free.
Cas. I hun bly thank you for 't. I never knew A Florentine more kind and honest.
Emil. Good morrow, good lieutenant: I am
For your displeasure; but all will soon be well.
Cas. Yet, I beseech you,
If you think fit, or that it may be done,Give me advantage of some brief discourse With Desdemona alone.
Des. O, that's an honest fellow.-Do not doubt,
But I will have my lord and you again
Cus. Bounteous madam,
Whatever shall become of Michael Cassio, He's never any thing but your true servant. Des. O, sir, I thank you: You do love my lord, [assur'd, 10 You have known him long; and be you well He shall in strangeness stand no farther off Than in a politic distance.
Cas. Ay, but, lady,
That policy may either last so long,
15 Or feed upon such nice and waterish diet,
Des. Do not doubt that; before Æmilia here, 20I give thee warrant of thy place: assure thee, If I do vow a friendship, I'll perform it
To the last article: my lord shall never rest;
Emil. Pray you, come in; I will bestow you where you shall have time To speak your bosom freely. Cas. I am much bound to you.
His bed shall seem a school, his board a shrift;
Enter Othello, and Iago, at a distance.
35 Unfit for mine own purposes.
Enter Othello, Iugo, and Gentlemen.
lago. Well, my good lord, I'll do 't. [see't? Oth. This fortification, gentlemen,-shall we Gent. We'll wait upon your lordship.
Des. Well, do your discretion.
That he would steal away so guilty-like,
Oth. I do believe, 'twas-he.
I have been talking with a suitor here,
Des. Why, your lieutenant Cassio.
If I have any grace, or power to move you,
For, if he be not one that truly loves you,
Another Room in the Castle.
Enter Desdemona, Cassio, and Æmilia. Des. Be thou assur'd, good Cassio, I will do All my abilities in thy behalf.
Emil. Good madam, do; I know it grieves my 60 As if the case were his.
Des. Ay, sooth; so humbled, That he hath left part of his grief with me, To suffer with him: Good love, call him back.
It is said, that the ferocity of beasts, insuperable and irreclaimable by any other means, is subdued by keeping them from sleep. 2 Cunning, for design, or purpose, simply.
Oth. Not now, sweet Desdemona; some other
Des. But shall 't be shortly?
Des. To-morrow dinner then?
Oth. I shall not dine at home.
Des. Why then, to-morrow night; or Tuesday 10 Or Tuesday noon, or night; or Wednesday morn; I pray thee, name the time; but let it not Exceed three days: in faith, he 's penitent; And yet his trespass, in our common reason, (Save that, they say, the wars must make ex-15 amples
Out of their best) is not almost a fault
To incur a private check: When shall he come?
Iago. But for a satisfaction of my thought;
Oth. O yes; and went between us very oft., lago. Indeed?
Oth. Indeed! ay, indeed;- -Discern'st thou
Iago. Honest, my lord?
Jago. My lord, for aught I know.
Oth. Think, my lord;-By heaven, he echoes As if there were some monster in his thought, Too hideous to be shewn.-Thou dost mean some
20I heard thee say but now,-Thou lik'dst not that,
I will deny thee nothing.
Des. Why, this is not a boon;
"Tis as I should entreat you wear your gloves,
Oth. I will deny thee nothing:
Des. Shall I deny you? no: Farewell, my lord.
[Exit with Emil.
Oth. Excellent wretch'! Perdition catch my soul, But I do love thee! and when I love thee not, Chaos is come again*.
Oth. Why of thy thought, Iago?
Iago. I did not think, he had been acquainted
25 And didst contract and purse thy brow together,
Jago. My noble lord.
Oth. What dost thou say, Iago?
Iago. Did Michael Cassio, when you
Iago. My lord, you know I love you.
And, for I know thou art full of love and ho-
Are tricks of custom; but, in a inan that 's just,
Iago. For Michael Cassio,—
401 dare be sworn, I think that he is honest.
Oth. I think so too.
Iago. Men should be what they seem;
Or, those that be not, 'would they might seem
Oth. Certain, men should be what they seem.
To hesitate, to stand in suspence. 2 i. c. of weight. 3 The word wretch, in some parts of England, is a term of the softest and fondest tenderness. It expresses the utmost degree of ainiableness, joined with an idea, which perhaps all tenderness includes, of feebleness, softness, and want of protection. * i. e. When I cease to love thee, the world is at an end; i. e. there remains nothing va fuable or important. i. e. occult and secret accusations, working involuntarily from the heart, which, though resolved to conceal the fault, cannot rule its passion of resentment. they might no longer seem, or bear the shape of men.
⚫ i. e. would
Utter my thoughts? Why, say, they are vile and
As where's that palace, whereinto foul things
Oth. I hou dost conspire against thy friend, Iago, If thou but think'st him wrong'd, and mak'st his A stranger to thy thoughts.
Tosay-my wife is fair, feeds well, loves company,
30 Is not to leave undone, but keep unknown.
Iago. She did deceive her father, marrying you;
Iago. I do beseech you,
Though I-perchance, am vicious in my guess,
Oth. What dost thou mean?
Iago. Good name, in man and woman, dear
Is the immediate jewel of their souls:
'Twas mine,'tis his, and has been slave to thousands;
Oth. By heaven, I'll know thy thought.
Nor shall not, whilst 'tis in my custody.
Think'st thou, I'd make a life of jealousy, To follow still the changes of the moon With fresh suspicions? No; to be once in doubt, is once to be resolv'd: Exchange me for a goat, 5 When I shall turn the business of my soul To such exsuffolate and blown surmises", Matching thy inference. "Tis not to make me jealous,
Iago. O, beware, my lord, of jealousy;
Oth. O mise
Iago. Poor,and content, is rich, and rich enough;
Oth. Why? why is this?
I humbly do beseech you of your pardon,
Oth. I am bound to thee for ever.
Oth. And so she did.
Jago. Why, go to, then;
She that, so young, could give out such a seeming,
He thought, 'twas witchcraft:-But I am much
Iago. I see, this hath a little dash'd your spirits.
Iago. Trust me, I fear it has.
I hope, you will consider, what is spoke
The poet's meaning is, "Who has a breast so little apt to form ill opinions of others, but that foul suspicions will sometimes mix with his fairest and most candid thoughts, and erect a court in his mind, to enquire of the offences apprehended?" i. e. am apt to put the worst construction on every thing. 3i. e. loaths that which nourishes and sustains it. This being a miserable state, lago bids him beware of it. * i. e. unbounded, endless, unnumbered treasures. "The allusion is to a bubble. Self-bounty, for inherent generosity. 'Dr. Johnson observes, that "this and the following argument of lago ought to be deeply impressed on every reader. Deceit and falsehood, whatever conveniencies they may for a time promise or produce, are, in the sum of life, obstacles to happiness. Those who profit by the cheat, distrust the deceiver; and the act by which kindness was sought, puts an end to confidence. The same objection may be made with a lower degree of strengthagainst the imprudent generosity of disproportionate marriages. When the first heat of passion is over, it is easily succeeded by suspicion, that the same violence of inclination, which caused one irregularity, may stimulate to another; and those who have shewn, that their passions are too powerful for their prudence, will, with very slight appearances against them, be censured, as not very likely to restrain them by their virtue." Close as oak, means, close as the grain of the oak: To seel is an expression taken from falconry.
Iago. Long live she so! and long live you to think so!
And knows all qualities, with a learned' spirit,
If she be false, O, then heaven mocks itself!-
Oth. And yet, how nature erring from itself,Iago. Ay, there's the point: As,-to be bold with you,
Not to affect many proposed matches,
To scan this thing no further; leave it to time:
Oth. This fellow's of exceeding honesty,
Oth. Farewell, farewell:
If more thou dost perceive, let me know more;
Des. How now, my dear Othello?
Your dinner, and the generous islanders 13 25 By you invited, do attend your presence. Oth. I am to blame.
[well? Des. Why is your speech so faint? are you not Oth. I have a pain upon my forehead here. Des. Why, that's with watching; 'twill away again: Let me but bind it hard, within this hour It will be well.
Oth. Your napkin 14 is too little;
[She drops her handkerchief. Let it alone. Come, I'll go in with you. Des. I am very sorry that you are not well. [Exeunt Des. and Oth, Emil. I am glad, I have found this napkin; This was her first remembrance from the Moor: 40 My wayward husband hath a hundred times Woo'd me to steal it; but she so loves the token, (For he conjur'd her, she should ever keep it) That she reserves it evermore about her,
To kiss and talk to. I'll have the work ta'en out, 45 And give it Iago:
What he 'll do with it, heaven knows, not I;
Iago. How now? what do you here alone?.
'Issues, for conclusions. Iago means, "Should you do so, my lord, my words would be attended by such infamous degree of success, as my thoughts do not even aim at." A rank will, is self-will overgrown and exuberant. * i. e. You shall discover whether he thinks his best means, his most powerful interest, is by the solicitation of your lady. i. e. press hard his re-admission to his pay and office.—Entertainment was the military term for admission of soldiers. ì. e. do not distrust my ability to contain my passion. 'Learned, for experienced. A haggard hawk is a wild hawk, a hawk difficult to be reclaim'd.—It appears also, that haggard was a term of reproach some times applied to a wanton. "Jesses are short straps of leather tied about the foot of a hawk, by which she is held on the fist. 10 Dr. Johnson observes, that the falconers always let fly the hawk against the wind; if she flies with the wind behind her, she seldom returns. If therefore a hawk was for any reason to be dismissed, she was let down the wind, and from that time shifted for herself, and prey'd at fortune. "i. e. men of intrigue. 12 In allusion, according to Dr. Johnson, to a barbed or forked arrow, which, once infixed, cannot be extracted. Or, according to Dr. Percy, the forked plague may mean the cuckold's horns. "The generous islanders are the islanders of rank, distinction. 14
i. e. your pocket-handkerchief.