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My thanks are due to Dr. Samuel Green, of the Massachusetts Historical Society; to Mr. Theodore Dwight, of the Library of the Department of State at Washington; to Mr. Hildeburn, of the Philadelphia Athenæum ; and especially to Mr. Lindsay Swift, of the Boston Public Library, and Mr. F. D. Stone, of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, for the help so kindly given me when gathering the material for this Life of Franklin.



October, 1887.

relative to the English National Debt ";

between Britain, France, Spain, Holland, Saxony, and

America." His way of life at Passy. The privateers.
Madame Helvetius. Madame Brillon. "The Baga-
telles." His mission ended. Returns to Philadelphia.
Writes "The Retort Courteous"; "Remarks on Send-
ing Felons to America"; "Likeness of the Anti-Feder-
alists to the Jews." His anti-slavery writings.
tin's Account of his Consulship." His death.

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The Autobiography. Loss of the manuscript of the
first part. The manuscript recovered and continued.
Copies sent to England and France. Publication of the
first part at Paris. Translation of this into English.
Temple Franklin begins to edit the papers. Dr.
Price's edition with Steuben's "Life." Temple Frank-
lin accused of selling the papers. He finally publishes
a part. Loss of the unpublished papers. Their singu-
lar recovery. Bought by Mr. Stevens, and then by the
Government of the United States. Mr. Bigelow re-
covers the original manuscript of the Autobiography.
Changes made by Temple Franklin in the text. Its
popularity. The collected works. Franklin's place in
literature. Characteristics of his style; his versatility;
his philosophy. His letters. His greatness

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