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of many merchants in the United States have already taien this direction, and a petition wus presented to the Congress at Washington, uurinn its last sessior, demanding a removal of the discrimination now nade in favor of the silks of France, by urguments founded on the present unfavorable bulance of trade between the iwo countries, and setting forth che comparative aus antages of other chancels of commerce for the sup ply of the sume wants. I necil no cemark to your excellency ban much tliese arguments would be strengthened by the adoption of a magure, wlich, in the present unfavorable state of the trar', botu. ro two Coai ies, would occasion a furthi rauction in the luo cfile. exports of the United States to Iran:..
If any other guaranter then the intable, un conciliacery seriments expressed by your excellency, were utilig te assure me hat as measure threatering such a detriment to the commerce of the United "tates, vich ' out correspradeni advantages to France, would not be diopted, I should find it in. We promptitude with which, in 1700, upon the ropresintation of the A' ierican minister, an order was issued by his Majesty's Govern. ment io te farmers-general, which, among other things, expressiy 1:"0.. hibited them from entering into any contract of the kind : ut proposi!
I avail !nyself, witia pleasure of this occasion to express to yon ?XC4lency the nigh quasieration with wisich I have the honor to be your excellency's met huole and most obedieut servant,
WILLIAM C. KIVES. His Excellency BIPOT DE MONTBEL,
Mini ter of meerence.
. Rives to pr. 7an ?ures. (No. 42.]
Paris: gesi 19, 13?? Sir: In my despatch yes erday, transmitiu a copy of the communicatior I had addressed to the late Minis:er vi finance, respecting the propo sed change in the systein of supplying te regie willenare in tobacco, ? expressed the hope that my represütilations would bersihe ctect of finally preventing the adoption of the change proposed. In this, it seems, I was deceived. I have just learned that the new Arrisier on lisance pronounced his decision yesterday morning in favore de viage, and that, in all probability, it will be carried into effect. I have the honor, &C., C.,
W. ☺ KINES. . Hon. :1. VAN BUREN,
Secretary of State.
Str. Kives to Mr. Van Buren. meu! 1:1 [No. 43.]
Paris, Septemver S, 1830. Srr: The siciiness of Mr. Harper, about the time of the suling of the last packet, prevented ine froin sending you then the enclosed copies of
notes addressed by me to the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance on the tobacco question, and of their answers, as it did also of the regular transmission of the duplicates of former despatches and of the journals.
Although I had heard, as I informed you in my supplemental despatch of the 19th ultimo, that the Minister of Finance had pronounced his decision in favor of the proposed change, yet, as nothing of an irrerocable nature had yet been done, I thought it expedient to call the attention of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, as well as that of the Minister of Finance, to the subject. At the same time, as the question was of a peculiar character, appertaining rather to their system of internal economy than to that of ordinary diplomatic relations, I did not feel myself authorized to press it farther than by asking a candid consideration of the views I had presented in my communication to the late Minister of Finance. The decision taken, although we cannot make it a matter of grave complaint and I am inclined to hope that its effects may not be quite as injurious as my first views of it led me to anticipate), yet serves to mark the narrow spirit which actuates this government in regard to commercial questions, and of all others, I fear, in which money is involved.
Mr. Rives to Compte Molé.
Paris, August 18, 1830. MONSIEUR LE COMTE: I would not intrude upon your excellency's time at a moment when, I presume, it is much occupied with other affairs, if the occasion were not of immediate urgency. A proposition, aflecting an important branch of the commerce between France and the United States, and of a nature calculated to carry a serious prejudice to the interests of the United States without a correspondent benefit, in the view I have taken of it, to France, is now depending, I am informed, in the ministry of finance. The same proposition was under the consideration of the late Minister of Finance, and, upon his invitation, I presented to him in writing those views of the measure which had been already expressed by me verbally. I beg leave to submit to your excellency a copy of that communication, and to invoke your excellency's consideration of it in the persuasion that, unless I have unconsciously fallen into great error in the views there presented, his Majesty's Government will find, in a just appreciation of its own interests as well as in an equitable regard to those of a friendly power, abundant motives against the adoption of the measure proposed. In your excellency, I feel assured that the question will meet with every disposition to judge it fairly and candidly, as well as that your excellency will not regard with indifference any thing which has in view a just conciliation of the interests of both countries. I seize with pleasure this occasion, &c., &c.,
W. C. RIVES. His Excellency COMPTE Mole,
&c., 4.C., &c.
Mr. Rives to Baron Louis.
Paris, August 18, 1830. The undersigned, Minister of the United States, has the honor to présent his respects to his excellency, Baron Louis, his Majesty's Minister for the Department of Finance, and begs leave to invite his excellency's attention to a communication addressed by him on the 20th July last, to the late Minister of Finance, a copy of which he takes the liberty herewith to enclose.
The subject of that communication is one of much interest to an important branch of the commerce between France and the United States, and will, he doubts not, receive the candid and equitable consideration of his excellency. The undersigned seizes, with eagerness, this occasion, &c., :
. : : W, C. RIVES, · His Excellency Baron Louis,
Minister of Finance.
Count Molé to Mi. Rives.
Paris, August 24, 1830. SIR: I have received the letter which you did me the honor to write on the 19th of this month. I hastened to communicate with Baron Louis on the project contemplated by the late Minister of Finance, and against which you reclaim, of confiding for the future to a single contractor the purchase of the American tobacco, which is annually made to the account of our administration.
Not having a suflicient knowledge of the facts to pronounce as yet a positive opinion on the subject, I deemed it necessary to beg Baron Louis to enlighten me. But, at the same time, I expressed to him a desire that your reclamation should be examined with all the interest and cordiality compatible with the relations, mutually advantageous and friendly, which exist between France and the United States, and which it is so desirable to render more and more intimate. Receive the assurances, &c.,
Baron Louis to Mr. Rives.
Paris, Augusi 31, 1830. Sir: I have received the letter which you did me the honor to address me on the 18th instant, and by which you remind me of the conimunication which you sent to my predecessor on the 20th of July last, concerning the change contemplated in the manner of making the purchase of foreign tobacco necessary for the consumption of Frauce.
I have the nonor to acquaint you that the question., ufter having bc I. maturely examined under every point of view, has just beca Lacid de aur that the provision of foreign tobacco necessary for the supply of the ad. ainistration of indirect contributions, will be put for the future in adj tidication, in, che single lot. The trade has been informed of this new l·lation by a notice inserted in the Monitor of the 19th of tuis inonth. Receive, sir, the assurances, &C., the Minister of Finance,
Mr. Van Buren to Mr. Rives.
Taslinsiune Ciriho p . 19. Sir. * ; It is tu? hoped, and expected, that the lat runs lake orgizin of thr ernment of France may rendei ti, preseli i imali nero far vision and amelioration of the geri al commercial policy ci the
18, with respect to each other. u that case, I can only rit pertine ti general instructions of this icpartment. of 20in July, 15, will iudica ig the views and wishes of the President unon that sunat. in ker te tri mrrovement of that occasion by correspondent exertions
a youn art to ocure te introduction of such changes into that play os may come to the mutual dvantage of the parties, ar to a stil more extensive and beneficial intercoursé between then. They carni be more usefully employed tovard that end, than in proeuring i relaxation of that policy, with resperi to the runous monopoly, all the lurdensome regulation, which France stil: adlieres to, in liorrigie upon our tobaccoes. You are. 5) fully and intimately acquainted, unlits dals, with the nature and exicni of the export trade vi this country, which is thus injuriously affected by the monopoly and regulations referred 10, ?n:1 are so thoroughly impress d with the importance of a modificati i of them, which may relieve it from the shackles under which it is not carried on, with increasing ladytor, ud rapidly progressive dipirin il. the quantity, that it is only ar-cessary to refer yon, upon the past occasion, to the suggestions in your general instructions in relatior: “) the t truly important interes... ins especially illustrative of the Presides irish upon the subject.
Kr. M Lime to Mr. Livingston.
(EXTRACTS.] i No
DEPARTMENT OF STUE,
Tiashingtonat 3, 1933. Sire: use · Ar: important, it not the incst important object of your lisen, will be . to improve the commercial regulations between the two cuties, and prodare some amelioration in the ouercus duties imposiapu ceriaın productions of the tnited States, upon their introductivi. into the ports of France.
The régie of France upon Auic. in lubacco, however, still remains · withoui mitigation. This duty is ev. to be on every principle extravagant; and as it operates mos - ju'ilsly :) the interests of the Unid States, it is expected that ; 3. parcalar exertions will be earnestly uirect to procure some favoran' Tertion on this point.
The ostuisible obiect of this regie i;.;19 nderstood to be revenire, an adhercure to it and its present announ n a be much less injurious, as well to this object as to the trade of , Liin , thar to tl:at of the United States ; tid this will be parent iron? .1?inir utior: in the exports of ihat article from the United States ti zrance, which have dininished, since the year 1827, from 9,563 hogskiets te only 1.813, the average of the exportation in recent years.
From this fact it musi be obvions, thani dg water amount oi exportarou of tobacco would be maile to that coutry, and consequently a greate. amount of revenue wouid be derived in m it by France, if 'ier Cuvernment would consent ic such a reason.le alry as would enable its own citizens to engage in the trade upon be ficai jerms.
'n If even ihis crot s, it is nevethele urceniable that the nperg. tion of this uigi luty is seriously 1.juus ile interests of the United States. without a corresponding benci to Truce.
Tle importance of til tade, in itse alue of mobacco, to the citizens of the United States gorerally, and evenlly to those in the southern, southwestern, and western parts of 13 Cnice, makes it an object of peculiar attention and oicitude; and i t s wat directs that you will spare !!!excito? to encetul advantaseet3?targement lipon this subjecu.
It is believed than the logislation of ii e last sessi le of Congress las preseated air oro lavorrble opportunity fir this purposan has previously occurred ir our relating with Srance; anu aise to wake a proper appear to the Fiench venti..., not only in the ground of a just and liberal reciprocity, but also oli 1,1* of a t'ne igari 13 its own in ciests.
By the ace of Congr. o oiti: ad oi Maicii t'ji, the wiids, and all manUacturas ~ France, we whici: silk shall be a cookit purt, vill be adniited into ive poris of the Voited Siates, after tiesis: Leverberaxt, irto Cruise " cucy whais. Over; axi after the same day, the excess over 27 per conturl of toe ! to win ai ohe articles of the preally and lilanufacture or Piac e a r! Sunt liable, will be reducci to 23 per cent., auri will also lo induce iti per auto biennially inertafier, uuiil none of the said aile; üil!.' Table is in higher duiy tian 20, er celit. upon the Palue thicreos.
It will be obs.rved. Treni", ihai le these redictions are made upon the silks and Fitnes, wil ons pradura and nariufactures of France, ide untivorable vic:1, nr natioù aguiusi tie silks from places from beyond the Cap of Good li Sreserved.
These liberal measure I cutiile tie 'nitei Satos to expect that their overtures will be mei in amser pirti by ti Ciovonment of France, and that the advantages 14 Teby o d may be receer nji oniy mulual, but permanent between the two various
It is apparent, bowever, that in ordu: to secite 10 France her proper participation in to increase One which may be expected from these liberal modifications in the American Grill, she musi ouerurage the introduction into her poris of shiuse artics of Americain periduce wlich alone can be exchanged for Finch produce and manufactures ; anul thyi,