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hail with joy the occasion that these Schools, but whoever was entitled to that things present, and that you will take honour never dreamt, when he first gagood care, under the blessing of God, thered his class of little squalid children that matters shall not revert to their around him, to what a great height that former disgusting condition. (Cheers.) movement was destined, in the providence But there is one return connected with of God, to grow. In preaching to his this paper which is singularly curious. congregation in Birmingham lately, in A vast number of children roam about, endeavouring to explain the rise of that and live by depredation, and violence, mighty river, the British and Foreign and pilfering of every kind. Captain Bible Society, he had found it was to be Hay puts a no less total of juvenile men traced up, as his Lordship, and many in dicants and thieves than 3,098. Now that meeting would know, to the tear of just consider what a seed-plot this is of a little child. (Hear, hear.) Yes, the crime and violence! If you allow such a tear of a little girl in the streets of Bala, upas tree to grow up, and shed its deadly in North Wales, was the source from poison over the whole surface of society, which, under the providence of God, the how can you wonder at the number of Bible Society sprang.

That little girl crimes—how can you wonder at the had been unable to remember the text, astonishing violences recorded, or at the owing to the bad weather having preexpenses of jails and prosecutions hourly vented her going across the hills to refer increasing? How, in short, can you won to the Bible. It occurred to her quesder at any result when, I say, there is, tioner, why should not every family have uncared for, a seed-plot of no less than a Bible of its own; which thought led to 3,098 children of tender years, who are a Bible Society for Wales, and, ultimately, suffered to grow up without a word of that idea expanded into a Bible Society instruction or advice, without the slightest for the whole world, thus forming another control; and who, if they be neglected in illustration of the expansiveness of a good their early and impressible years, will idea. It has been said, when works of grow up into proportions such as will that kind became expansive, they became be too great for all the energies of this also expensive, and so it was found in the country hereafter to combat with? Hav case of our Ragged School movement, ing called your attention to these matters, which, having become wondrously exwe will go to the Report, and thanking pansive, was now in want of a large inGod for all that he has been pleased to come. (Hear, hear.) In Mr. Arthur's do through our instrumentality, let us interesting work, the “Successful Mermake a resolution that, under his bless chant,” he had noticed how, in the early ing, we will, by our future efforts and part of Mr. Budgett's career, that worthy subscriptions, throw into the shade all man was only able to work for any good that has hitherto been done. (Loud cause. By and bye, however, prosperity applause.)

came, and he could also give. He did The SECRETARY then read the Report,

not cease working when he commenced

giving, but continued, as Mr. Arthur (for an Abstract of which see page 101.)

happily observed, to walk on two legs in The Rev. J. C. MILLER, of Birming his benevolence all the days of his life. hanı, Hon. Canon of Worcester, moved (Cheers.) This was just what they the first Resolution :

wanted. Let them, if possible, be two

legged Christians and philanthropists. “That the Report now read be received

If they could only give a trifle, let them and published, under the direction of the

work; but if ever they were blessed with Committee, which, for the ensuing year,

riches, let them not only give liberally, shall consist of the following Gentlemen :

but let them continue to work zealously. [See List of Managing Committee in the

He should very well like to have seen one Report.]

gentleman on the platform on that occaHe said: They had had, in the Report sion-he referred to the author of “Bleak which had just been read, a happy illustra House.” He was not going to enter into tion of the fertility of one good idea ; it the question of novel reading, but without was amazing to mark how one ramifica the slightest intention of giving offence, tion had succeeded to another in this he must say, he did not think that Mr. blessed movement. (Hear, hear.) We Dickens had quite done them justice. In know not, perhaps, whether the old cob the narrative of the death of poor “Jo,” bler, John Pounds, was really entitled to in apostrophising her Majesty, her Mathe credit of being the Founder of Ragged jesty's Ministers, and the Right Reverends,

or, as Mr. Dickens called them, the Wrong a great part of the work of building up Reverends, Mr. Dickens used the words : Christ's Church consisted in gathering “And dying thus around us, every day!” together the outcasts; and, when that He thought there was here a want of re church was found in its blessed aggregate cognition of the various efforts, especially and glory, how many of those who would so of those of the Ragged School Union, shine resplendently around the Redeemer's now being made to ameliorate the con throne, would be such as for a long period dition of such poor outcasts; and that of their earthly career, were the tenants the account would be fairer if it purported of our alleys, aye, almost of our gutters ; to refer to a period of fifteen or twenty who came from our convict hulks, and years ago. (Hear, hear.) He rejoiced to the cells of our jails ! Among the many think that efforts were, at the present noble works we were engaged in at the time, being directed to the relief of al

present day, inasmuch as eternity is most every ramification of human misery. more important than time, this movement He referred to a school which had in his was more important than the mightiest own town been established by the muni efforts for the mere temporal advanceficence of Mr. Chance, and another by ment or prosperity of this or any nation. the Hon. and Rev. Mr. Yorke, and which It was a great thing to have bridged latter had been so successful that, of the over the Menai Straits, and to have number received into it since its establish laid the telegraph through the midst of ment, not a single boy had been once the deep; the high-level bridge of. Newbrought up before the magistrates. Mr. castle-on-Tyne was a wondrous exploit of Miller referred also to his own school, human energy and skill; but the work in and gave several instances of practical which they were engaged transcended good. He felt very desirous to see the them all; and, when all those works of so-called Ragged Schools kept to their genius had passed away, then would this proper use, and hoped that this would be work be seen in its full grandeur, and in carefully observed, otherwise those classes

its eternal importance. When his Lord. for whom the instructions were primarily ship should have exchanged the coronet designed, would lose the contemplated of the noble house of Shaftesbury for that benefit. He rejoiced to hear that 1,000 brighter coronet which he believed to be of the Ragged scholars had been taken in store for him, and for men like him- regularly to the house of God. They and when the children in our Ragged might depend upon it—and all who knew Schools should have exchanged, not only much of the matter had come to the same the rags which covered their bodies, but conclusion-that nothing wanted looking to the spiritual rags of their sin-btained so much as the attendance of the children souls for the beauteous garments of salon public worship; and he advised that in vation, then, and not till then, should be creasing watchfulness should be given to known, to the glory of God, the whole that end. It might be worthy of con results of Ragged Schools. (Loud apsideration also, what were the best means plause.) of securing attention and profit to them, when once under the sacred roof, for he The Resolution was seconded by the felt there was a great lack now existing ; Rev. Hugh ALLEN, of St. Jude's, Whitetoo many of the sermons preached flew chapel. He said : I have ever been struck over the heads even of the other classes, with a contrast existing in this great and how must it be with those just taken country. No country ever has been so from the lowest degradation ? (Hear, signally blessed, No country ever has hear.) He was of opinion that the insti. had such a long-continued prosperity. tution of special services, of judicious No country has ever arrived at such a length, and of appropriate simplicity, high pinnacle of prosperity. View that would be highly advantageous. When he prosperity in any way you may think looked at that vast mass, he was reminded proper, whether intellectually, or comhow much might be effected if all were mercially, you will find that this country workers, and how glorious was the work has arrived at a very high pitch, an un-. they had undertaken. (Applause.) Their precedented pitch of prosperity. The designation was a homely one, but they wealth, not only of the country at large, had not forgotten the striking connection but of this Metropolis, is unparalleled in of those words in David's Psalms : “The the world. The merchant princes, and Lord doth build up Jerusalem.” How the princely bankers, of this city, are did He do it? He gathereth together spoken of every day. Besides, we have the outcasts of Israel." And so it was, added to our territories an immense ex.

tent of country; we have colonies of vast The Union has long helped it, and I thank extent, countries in themselves vast em- the Union, from the platform ; and if any pires. Then, if you consider the great here present feel any interest in my wealth which is in this country, or con- labours, I ask of you to pour your gifts nected with this country ; if you consider into the coffers of this Union, which has that a sovereign sits upon a throne, who so liberally helped me in my labour and has under her sway a kingdom upon toil. (Applause.) But the Report speaks which the sun never sets; if you, more- of opposition. The Report speaks ollow over, consider the philanthropy, and the theatres. Ah! there are our opposers ! real religion, of this great country—then I envy not the man who gets the groundyou will be amazed that, in this great coun- rent from a penny theatre. I envy not try, and in this Metropolis, there should the man who gains anything by these be such a fearful amount of immorality low wretched places. And there are other and of misery. (Applause.) Many causes such places, “penny gatls,” and saloons may be suggested in explanation, and for music and dancing, and all the rest of different minds will suggest different ones ; such nasty things. But there are other but I doubt not a large amount of opposers. No less a person than the this misery may be traced to the fearful Cardinal Wiseman has opposed, for he has and rapid strides which have been made preached in opposition to the movement in the violation of the Sabbath day dur- we are met to celebrate. So the Report ing the last forty or fifty years. And, states, and I am bound to accept its testitherefore, with this belief I took a deep mony. I tell him we are not afraid of his interest in this question of the Sabbath, opposition. There are at this time of the when, the other day, there was a fearful year, many Societies holding their anniattempt to render this profanation even versary meetings, and I would wish to see greater than it is at present. But this them all prosper, and their resources douSociety does not so much debate about bled; but let me say, this is not the least the causes which have led to this state of of them all. We read, in an interesting things, this fearful contrast to which I narrative in the history of our blessed have alluded, but sets to work at once to Saviour, that when the disciples of John remedy it. It does, in fact, what I think came to Him to ask, “Art thou he that the great Dr. Chalmers recommended : should come, or look we for another?” the “ There is nothing,” said he, “like visiting Saviour answered them, “Go and show from house to house ; there is nothing like John again those things which ye do hear going alongside the poor man.

and see; the blind receive their sight, and then talk to him ; and he will talk freely the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, to you, when for a moment he thinks you and the deaf hear, the dead are raised feel for him;" and he said, “The house- up,” and, as if He had said, these are going minister is sure to have a crowded great proofs of my Messiahship, but church.” (Applause.) I have repeatedly there is one ground more for the claim, a addressed Ragged Schools in my own higher ground than all--it is, “and the neighbourhood, and one of my objects has poor have the Gospel preached to them.” been, to inculcate the dignity of labour, I would, therefore, my Lord, say, go on and the honour of toil. (Hear, hear.) with your Missionary Societies, with your This is a prominent feature in the pro- Bible Societies--go on with allthe Societies ceedings of this Union. (Hear, hear.) for bettering the condition, physically, They encourage industrial classes, and

mentally, socially, morally, and spiritually, establish departments for making shoes, and eternally, of the people ; but, when and departments for tailoring, and you have done all, I will point you to a joinery departments. Will this produce higher mission still. I will ask you to go first-rate shoemakers or tailors, or affect down with me to the very dregs of the markets ? Oh no! They cannot in society. Go with me there, and you will the course of a few months make first- give a striking proof that you are the rate joiners or tailors; the market need followers of the meek and lowly Jesus. not be afraid at all; the object is merely Come with me, and help this noble instito furnish the youths with the means of tution; help it a hundred-fold more than gaining an honest livelihood. (Cheers.) you have done, and you will reach the I am here this evening, paying a debt of climax, and give the culminating evidence, gratitude. The Union has liberally con- that you are yourself the follower of tributed to the Institution of which I am that Jesus, that you are walking in his president -I mean the Dolphin Court steps, justified by his righteousness, sancSpitalfields Ragged and Industrial School. tified by his Spirit, and on your way to

You can


oceail waves.

that home of bliss and glory, which he great people, there would be a kindling glow, has prepared for all his dear people. and confidence would beat once established. (Applause.)

He had read somewhat respecting the

condition of Rag Fair, and he had heard The Resolution was then put, and

such accounts condemned as over-coloured; passed unanimously.

but he could affirm, having been there, The Rev. Dr. DUFF, of India, moved the fact was, those acco its were utterly the second Resolution :

prosaic and tame, and did not come up That this meeting desires to express

at all to the awful reality. In the first its general approval of the conduct and

place, it was no easy matter to get through sentiments of the Committee as detailed

Rag Fair; it was not one or two streets, and expressed in the Report, and pledges

but a labyrinth of streets and lanes; and itself to assist in carrying out such sen

then it had its great attractions ; there timents, especially as regards Emigration,

were Exchanges there, and it had now a Refuges for Destitute Children, and im

Crystal Palace, and it was called the proved treatment of Juvenile Vagrants,

Crystal Palace. (Laughter.) It was calwho are neglected or perverted by their

culated, and, he believed, it was not a parents.”

whit beyond the reality, that there must

be congregated within those narrow streets He said : At that late hour, and after and lanes at least 10,000 human beings. so many glowing speeches, he felt scarcely The policemen had stated to him on his competent to afford them much assist- visit that, known to them, there were

He was, however, anxious to give moving up and down, through that mass, utterance, as a stranger there, to what at that time, upwards of 1,000 of the his eyes had seen, and his ears heard, in most noted thieves and burglars in Lon. those very lanes, and courts, and alleys, don, who had been committed again and to which reference had been made that again. Well, you got into the crowd, and evening. (Cheers.) He had felt inclined endeavoured to push forward; it was to compare notes as between the states of however too dense, and you were carried the heathen of London and the heathen with the stream, just like a straw on the of India, and he must say, in one sen

Then, the sounds were tence, that much as he had been horrified overwhelming to the ear. You might in the midst of the outrageous baccha- hear English, Welsh, Irish, French, Gernalian orgies of a wild, rampant heathen- man, and Italian ; you were sure to imaism, in various parts of India, he had gine you had got back to old Babylon, witnessed, within the bounds of this Me- such was the confusion of tongues. tropolis, scenes surpassing in heathenish (Laughter.) All things were sold there, depravity, aught that he had witnessed and at rates which indicated whence they abroad. It might not be thought to When they offered you a pair of be an employment befitting the Sabbath braces, which you knew were worth halfday, but until ministers learned to go a-crown, for a penny, you could scarcely down on the Sabbath day, from the great doubt the article was stolen. And you churches, to those dingy lanes and alleys, had to learn a new language to under. they would never have the Augean stable stand these folk, with their talk of“ dodges," cleaned out. For his own part—and he and "pitches,” and “stalls.But when had declared it to the mightiest preachers they set to work deliberately, the “coy" in England and Scotland-if he were in was before you, drawing your attention; their places and their circumstances, he another was behind you, ready to operate; would set up a substitute in his pulpit, he was called the “ kid,probably, he if it were but the curate, and go down to thought, on account of the analogy bethese low places at the very time when tween a kid sucking milk and the operathe great people were worshipping in his tions of this worthy. (Laughter.) Then, if church; for he had noticed that those the “fogle,(that was the handkerchief,) depraved persons, slighted by society, was difficult of extraction, they got up a with the insolent scowl of contempt upon mock fignt. Immediately the crowd got their countenances, were very apt to look dense, you were squeezed and pressed on with scorn upon subordinate agents sent every side, so that you could not feel, down to them, and to consider themselves even if they were cutting off your coat. really despised, as though their souls were tails. (Laughter.) In this way handnot worth as much as the souls of the kerchiefs were stolen in one spot, and, in higher classes. But if the clergy went a few minutes, the thieves were selling down to them, instead of preaching to the those handkerchiefs in another part of the



Fair ; and they had been known thus to children, and with masters and servants, steal and sell until, one morning, the so with the State and its subjects, rights article had passed through half-a-dozen and duties were correlative, and that, hands. One must expect to come away while the State took upon itself punitive aching in every sense and in every limb, power, it should not shrink from exercisfor every sense was sure to be offended, ing protective power, and when-as was "and the limbs to be wearied with the ex the case in thousands of nuisances in the ertion necessary to move about. On re Metropolis-parents neglected, or basely tiring from that abominable scene, he had mistrained, their offspring, step in, and stepped into the church of their friend take charge of such children. This he who had last spoken, and it was like could not admit would be any infringegetting out of Pandemonium into Para ment of the proper liberty of the subject. dise itself. Their friend had said this It was a parent's duty to educate, to the Society was not immediately concerned best of his ability, the offspring bestowed in causes ; but he might say this Society upon him ; and if he either could not, or and the City Mission, unquestionably, would not, bestir himself in the matter, were the means of bringing to light the the State should take his place, and thus various evils which were now being sought develop the powers and faculties that to be remedied. (Applause.) Yes, they otherwise would be dormant, or grossly had to do with causes, with the springs perverted. (Applause.) If any man went which supplied the Ragged School Union down alone at night into the low regions and the City Mission with work, and which of London, or, on a Sabbath morning, to filled the jails ; and unless the leak were Rag Fair, resolved to do somewhat to stopped, they might pump for ever: un lessen the depravity, his heart would faint less something were done to put an end within him; he would feel that for him to to the monstrosities existing in Rag Fair, do anything there, would be like holding and to put down gin palaces and dancing up a wisp of straw to restrain a raging saloons, it was of no use; for they were hurricane, or laying down a few particles keeping open perennial fountains, which of sand in order to repel the advance of poured in bitter waters to the reservoirs the ocean in a storm, or to arrest the of evil. (Applause.) What was the use mighty cataract of Niagara. Therefore, of a Legislature that would not come to what was required was to multiply their their aid, when, by joining them, and regiments. If there were regiments in giving them the necessary support, they, the service of Satan, why should they jointly, might succeed in drying up the have only their units in the service of springs

, and ultimately in emptying the Christ — why not have their regiments reservoir of its loathsome contents ? (Ap too? (Applause.) When he was in Rag plause.) The idea should be carried home Fair, on the occasion referred to, a little by that vast multitude, that, if the City incident had occurred which showed Mission were strengthened, and if the forcibly the value of the efforts made to Ragged School were strengthened, and spread Scripture knowledge. He had the Legislature were then to come and do overheard a Papistical haranguer give its share of the work, their object would, forth a challenge to the whole Protestant in the course of time, be accomplished, world to come and answer him the quesand the two Societies might come to a tion : “What was the rule of Faith?triumphant dissolution. (Applause.) All unaware that one so near him was willing their present efforts were in their very to give him a reply. He immediately nature temporary, and only required until offered to accept the challenge. He exthat happy consummation when the plained that, having been warned not to whole earth becomes evangelized. If the carry anything about him, he had not in cholera came, great efforts were used to his possession a Bible, but insinuated that lessen its virulence; this would not imply as his friend had been preaching he had that they wished to be in a perpetual one, and would lend it to him. But no, state of cholera. (Laughter.) Just so he had none.

One was at length prowith Ragged Schools. The sooner they cured, (though not without a deposit could be really dispensed with the better thereon, such was the character of the for the world. The evil, he firmly be spot,) and he then read two chapters of lieved, was exhaustible, and it ought to be the Revelations, and succeeded, appaexhausted. If they were faithful to their rently, in satisfying at least some present trust, that day might come within their that John had really received a commisown experience. (Applause.) He argued sion to write, and in showing what was that, as was the case with parents and the rule of faith of a Christian. When

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