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Plans and Progress.

Editor's Portfolio.

Birmingham Reformatory School 55 Beauties of Nature .


Dorchester Place Refuge for Girls 57 Contrast, The


Edinburgh Original Ragged and In- Den, A London


dustrial Schools

74 Epitaph on a Miser


Edinburgh United Industrial School 36 Heroism, Traits of


IIome in the East

96 Mother's Name, Power of a


Ipswich School of Industry

37 Poor in Spirit, Rich in Faith


Liverpool Industrial Ragged School 72 Truth is Manly


Mothers' Meeting, Hints for the For- “Whip Me, but Don't Cry." 202

mation of

219 Who is the greatest Man


Professional Beggars and Juvenile


137, 161

Notices of Meetings,


Registry of Scholars from Ragged Bedford Street, Commercial Road 204

Schools seeking Situations 222 Bermondsey, the Railway Arch

Sabbath Loan Fund, The

120 Blandford Mews


Shoe-blacks who have Emigrated, Blandford


Letters from

159 Brewer's Court, Great Wild Street 141

Vagrant Children

163 Britannia Court, King's Cross .


Carr Street, Stepney


Camden Town

A Day spent in Ragged Schools 15 Crown Square, Walworth


IIill Street Refuge and Nursery.

76 Dean's Court, Stratford


“One half the world does not know Deptford

what the other half suffers." 58 Dolphin Court Schools and Refuge,

Ragged Churches, Who will Help? . 76 Spitalfields


Ragged School Convert, The 178 Dorchester Place, Girls' Refuge 80

Ragged School Shop

76 Dover, Girls' Ragged School


Edward's Mews, Duke Street, Oxford

The Children's Gallery.



Baker, The Kind-hearted

18 Elder Walk, Islington

Beggars, The Little

17 Field Lane


Cocoa Nut Tree, The

18 Foster Street, Long Alley, Bishops-
Destitute, The Poor helping the 16

gate Street

Holiday, The

Fox Court, Gray's

Inn Lane 79

Honour thy Father and Mother, that Goldsmith Place, Hackney Road 203

it may be well thee

17 Grotto Passage, Marylebone 144

Praying and Doing .

224 Hoxton


Ragged Boy, who taught his King, Hull Ragged School



17 | Huntsworth Mews .


Tongue, The

18 Kent Street, Borough


What is Truth?

18 King Street, Spitalfields


Who is my Neighbour ?

18 Lamb and Flag, Clerkenwell



Notices of Books.
New Cut Lambeth


Family Bible, The

98 New Nichol Street, Bethnal Green


Home Thoughts

97 North Street, Bethnal Green


Nineveh ; its Rise and Ruin

97 Norwich Ragged School


Ragged Schools, Nurseries of the

Peckham, Boys' School


Tree of Life.


Girls' do.


Ragged and Industrial Schools, The 98 Phillips Gardens, New Road


Sensibility of Separate Souls Con- Red Cross Street, Mint


sidered, The

98 Robert Street, New Cut

The Reaper's Corner.


Anchor Street Ragged School, Shore- Sermon Lane, Islington



178 Southampton Ragged Schools 240

Dolphin Court School and Refuge : 176 St. Giles's and St. George's


Union Street, Well Street, Oxford Union Mews

. 100



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THE PAST AND THE FUTURE OF RAGGED SCHOOLS. In entering on the labours of another year, we invite the friends of Ragged Schools to join with us in devout thanksgivings to Him who has crowned our toils with such encouraging success. It is never to be forgotten, that by the systematic operation of these institutions, a shaft has been sunk into a lower depth of society than was ever reached before. What the Daily School and Sunday School did not, and perhaps could not have accomplished, has now by the Ragged School begun to be performed. The children of misery and crime, of both sexes, who had hitherto been treated as hopeless outcasts, have been made the subjects of a new and bold experiment, such as only a divinely imparted faith could have inspired. The “set time for favour had come,” the leaders, and the troops needed for the crisis started forth armed for the holy war, and many trophies have already been brought to the Saviour's feet. There has been the auspicious union of courageous resolution, of wise counsels, and prayerful perseverance; and as the result, not merely in the Metropolis, but all over the empire, crime has been prevented as well as diminished, industrious habits have been formed, the seared conscience has been made tender, the hard heart has been softened. The ragged boy and girl have grown up at home, or gone forth to distant lands, with minds well informed, and with worldly prosperity awaiting them. Above all, through the Divine blessing on the teaching of the truth as it is in Jesus, we have reason to believe that Christian principle has been implanted, and many souls have been made rich for eternity. The lecture lately delivered on “ The Rise, Progress, and Results of Ragged Schools," by John Macgregor, Esq., A.M., * embodies a series of authentic facts, which amply justify us

* This pamphlet is published by Sampson Low_and Co., Ludgate Hill, price sixpence, and is the most complete summary of the Ragged School movement that has yet been printed.



in expressing so warmly our gratitude to God for the signal blessing with which He has crowned the Ragged School system. We humbly trust that our “ Ragged School Union Magazine” has helped to bind more closely together friends and fellow-labourers in the one great cause, and that by recording the results of the working of schools in different localities, it has conduced to the general improvement and advancement of the system.

It is gratifying to be able to state, that the circulation of this Magazine, and of “ Our Children's Magazine,” amounts to above 5,000 each, or about 11,000 in all. The circulation of both, however, needs to be greatly extended, and we earnestly invite our friends each to procure such additional support as shall at once double the number of subscribers. We submit that this is of easy accomplishment, and that it would powerfully help forward the good cauşe. If the public mind is not constantly stimulated by facts and arguments bearing on the subject, the danger of standing still, or rather of going back, will become imminent. Ragged Schools have not reached their zenith.” “ The successes of the past, (as was observed in our April number for 1851) “are not to be mistaken for a complete victory;" and as Lord Shaftesbury some time ago remarked, “ the novelty of these institutions having passed away, the public sympathy, which perpetually requires something new, begins to decline also.” The more widely, therefore, intelligence is diffused of the working of the system, the more largely will new friends rally round the standard, and fresh fountains of practical sympathy for the perishing ragged child be opened up. We believe that the greater number of old friends having counted the cost will remain steady, but we need their numbers to be increased a thousandfold.

In our records of the work of Ragged Schools for the past year we have published articles on the various causes of crime, as well as on some of the remedies by which the evil is to be obviated. These topics, together with the detailed “History, Locality, and Results” of particular schools, shall continue to receive our special attention. The difficulties in the way of sending out juvenile emigrants to Australia have increased in consequence of the large amount for passage money now demanded as compared with former years. We have been only able to send out thirty-four during the past year. The information which we receive from time to time as to the condition and conduct of those who have emigrated, is of a most satisfactory nature. The following letters, lately received, will be perused with great satisfaction:

Melbourne, March 4th, 1852. "DEAR FATHER AND MOTHER,—I said in my last letter that I intended going to the diggings, and, accordingly, when we were paid off, we started, with my blanket, rug, and what I stood upright in. I had about £5 in my pockets. We left town on a Tuesday and arrived at the diggings on the Saturday : there was myself and six others in the party-it is considered rather a large one. On the Monday we bought two shovels, two picks, and two tin dishes, and went as near as possible to where others were getting gold. We commenced sinking, and by Wednesday was in possession of gold. At the end of the week we had 30 ounces. We only went about five feet down when we came to a rock, and in what we call the dips, or crevices, we found the gold. We picked some pieces out with our knives, and took a cart-load of earth from between the rocks to wash, and procured the rest. Our next hole was seventeen feet, out of which we did not get anything. We left that and commenced another as deep, but with the same misfortune. We still continued sinking, and at the end of eight weeks we came to town with 50 ounces of gold per man, and a horse

and dray, for which we had given 13 ounces out of our first hole. This we had clear of all expenses.

The process of digging is to dig until you come either to rock or slate. If there is any gold in the hole you will see it in working. If any is seen, the earth in which it is seen in is carted to the water, which was three miles off. It is then put in tubs and cut up with a spade and plenty of water until it is reduced to nothing but stones, sand, and the gold, which sinks to the bottom of the tubs. This we call puddling. It is en put through the cradle, by which all the stones and sand is separated from the gold. We have turned as much as 4lbs. weight in one day. Dear Father, you may expect by the barque “Benjamin Heap," a small parcel of gold, you will get it in its pure state. I am told it is worth near £4 per ounce at home, here we can only get £3, it has been as low as £2. 14s. I intend going again in about four weeks. I am likely to be up the whole of the winter. It is about eighty miles from Melbourne. I can assure you it is a very profitable employment, labouring men are getting 10s. a day and plenty of work. The weight of gold I shall send you will be 21bs. or 24 ounces. Will you ask my friend, Mr. Short, to please to accept of the nuggett

I will send him as a specimen ? It is at the top of the box, the largest piece in it. You will of course send me an answer to this, as soon as possible. All the expenses of the gold is paid. “I remain, your dutiful and affectionate Son,

“JAMES M -." This youth was sent out from the Union Mews Schools. It is due to him to say, that in copying the letter, the only alteration made is to put capital letters at the commencement of the sentences. Mr. Short was the Superintendent of the Ragged School, Union Mews.

The following letter is from a lad who had been a scholar in the Wapping School, and left England in the “Duke of Portland," for Port Philip, in October, 1850. Nothing had been heard of him until last month, when his former teacher received a letter, from which the following is an extract:

Melbourne, 20th August, 1852. RESPECTED SIR,—I hope you will pardon the liberty I have taken in troubling you with this letter. It is from the young man who, in your goodness, you was the means of sending out to this colony. My name is Patrick Maloney, for whom you got a passage in the ship “Duke of Portland,” to Port Philip, and for which I shall feel ever grateful to you for your goodness to me. This is to inform you that I have been to the gold diggings here, and have been a little successful, and I am now sending my mother a little money, which will be of service to her and her family. I intend it for my mother, after paying any expenses which may be incurred on your part, respected sir. In receiving this, you will be pleased to see that, in case of my mother's death, you will give the proceeds to my sister Betsy, and that she will look after my little brother John, and see that he is taken care of, as I hope before long to have him with me.

“Respected sir, you will think me 'very ungrateful in not writing to you before this. The reason is, being up the country, and no means of getting a letter forwarded. Were it not for this reason, respected sir, I would have written to you before, and I hope you will pardon me for my negligence.

"Dear sir, be so good as to remember me to Mr. Gray, [the Missionary,] and I hope he is quite well. I now, sir, finish this letter with my sincere wish and prayer for you and family, and every happiness. From your obliged and humble servant,

“PATRICK MALONEY." The “little money” which the lad of sixteen years of age sends to his poor mother is no less than £50! There is reason to hope that the

good seed” has not fallen, in his case, into entirely barren ground; for not only do we find in the letter above quoted the promise of his prayers for his teacher, but, in a letter to his mother, which the teacher saw, he reverently ascribes his success to God's good providence. These

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traits, added to the particular and affectionate solicitude he evinces for his mother, little brother, and sister, lead us to indulge the belief that in one other instance the liberality of those who found a free passage for a destitute boy to Australia has not been misplaced. He has been enabled by their means to earn for himself an honest livelihood, besides ministering to the necessities of his relatives at home. It should be added that Maloney made £300 at the diggings at his first visit, and when he wrote was about to set off on another.

The writer of the next letter was a young woman who was selected from John Street School, Mint. When in this country she obtained her living by selling stay-laces, etc., in company with her widowed mother, in the streets of London.

July 21st, 1852. “MY DEAR MOTHER,—This comes with my kind love to you, hoping you are well, as it leaves me at present. Dear mother, I have enclosed you a small sum of money, hoping that it will be received by you, dear mother, though so far away. I do not forget you, and at some further period I hope and trust I may enjoy the pleasure of your society. The sum enclosed is £12. When you receive this letter, write and let me know. I hope you and my sister are well and happy. I myself am very well, so believe me to remain, “Your ever dutiful and affectionate Daughter,

" MARGARET Mack." In a former letter received from her this girl enclosed for her mother's use £5. Such facts need no comment; they are complete in themselves.

We would urge on professing Christians with affectionate earnestness the duty of devoting themselves to the work of voluntary teaching in our Ragged Schools. While we entreat those already in the field " not to be weary in well doing,” we invite others who have time on their hands, and the love of Christ and of souls in their hearts, at once to increase the staff of voluntary teachers.*

A vast field of labour is as yet uncultivated, and there are multitudes of the young for whose souls no man cares. Young Christian ! if yours is the freshness and fervour of " first love," oh! cherish and perpetuate it by doing good. Well and beautifully has it been said, that there is no surer destroyer of youth-of youth's privileges, and powers, and delights, than yielding the spirit to the empire of selfishness. Faith in good is its own reward. To believe good and to do good truly and trustfully is the healthiest of humanity's conditions. TO PROMOTE THE HAPPINESS OF OTHERS IS THE WAY TO INSURE AN ENDURING SPRING OF EXISTENCE."'+


* “If teachers become tied to their respective schools by a bond of interest and hope, it

may be truly said that the scholars too are often greatly attached to these homes of their childhood, and are sometimes led to show their gratitude by their own efforts to sustain them. An instance had occurred of this to which I cannot help adverting.

“A gentleman, whilst his boots were being blacked in the streets, asked the industrious Shoe-black from what school he came ? The boy mentioned one in the east of London, and added that he hoped the gentleman would visit it, because the school was in want of voluntary teachers.'

“Interested, no doubt, by this unusual request, the gentleman went to the school saw and loved the work. Yes, my Christian friends, and what is more, engaged himself personally about it, and is now not only a valued teacher in that school, but a subscriber to the Shoe-black Society.”—Lecture by J. Macgregor, Esq.

Mrs. Cowden Clarke

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