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ADDRESS TO OUR READERS.

With the close of the year 1854, the sixth Volume of the Ragged School Union Magazine is completed ; a work which was commenced for the twofold purpose of awakening and sustaining an interest in an effort, whose especial object is the elevation of the abject and degraded portions of society. That such has been to a great extent realized, is manifest from the fact, that in the six years just concluded, the number of Ragged Schools in London has been increased from 62 to 129, and the scholars from 6,980 to 15,872. The voluntary teachers have increased in the same proportion, while the number of paid teachers has risen from 80 to 280. Such enlarged additions do not, however, indicate the full increase of our efforts, as may be gathered from the fact that some of the 62 schools in existence six years since, and which at that time consisted of only a Sunday School and Week Day Evening School, have so lengthened their cords, and strengthened their stakes, as now to include separate Day Schools for boys, girls, and infants ; Industrial Classes for both sexes ; Evening Schools for juveniles and adults ; beside Refuges for males and females ; and although the Institution embraces so many efforts, it is only counted as one among the 129 schools. The funds, also, have of course increased in proportion. The annual expenditure of some of the schools six years since amounted to £100, whereas at the present time it is upwards of £1000. Such "facts and figures,” we trust, will be encouraging to our readers, and to the public generally.

Although much has, by God's blessing resting upon these efforts, been accom. plished, yet much remains to be done, and which requires the imperative and imme. diate attention of the philanthropist and Christian. As long as such plague spots as Keate Street and St. Giles's are found in the heart of London, polluting the moral atmosphere, and poisoning all coming within their infectious influence, we must not think of lessening one iota of our efforts, but continue to push forward our parallels

, drawing nearer and nearer to the points of attack, till, as in Wild Court, a breach is made, and the fortress falls into other hands, by a successful assault of moral war fare. Such an enterprise cannot hut promote man's welfare and God's glory, and consequently deserves the Christian's best efforts and liberal support.

At the close of the year we naturally take a retrospect of the labours of the past twelve months, and somewhat linger upon those points that indicate an extension, a consolidation, a completeness of the work, as well as those that have cost us some anxiety and grief. The year has not passed without its trials and difficulties, its sorrows and bereavements. The devastations of cholera connect it with 1832 and 1849, by which many of our scholars have been brought to an early grave, and which also removed to their reward, some of our much valued teachers and friends. War has added to the number of our widows and orphans ; and resources which otherwise would have been applied to help forward our labours, have gone to supply the wants of the bereaved families of our brave veterans, who have fallen while nobly fighting their country's battles. We regret not such an application of public beneficence--we only lament its occasion. The least that can be done is to relieve and comfort the bereaved, and condole with them in their lonely sorrow. We earnestly pray that hostilities may soon and successfully come to a close; our brave soldiers return home to their families ; and our people be left at liberty to cultivate personal piety, home affections, and national prosperity.

In the last session of Parliament, three important Acts were obtained; one gives powers for the formation and support of the Industrial School for Middlesex ; another enables Scotland to establish Reformatory Schools; and the third provides for the better care and reformation of Juvenile Offenders in Great Britain. It is hoped that by the facilities afforded by these enlightened Acts, our labours will be greatly assisted, and our efforts rendered increasingly effective. We look forward to another year's exertion with increased hope, and with enlarged expectations, feeling assured that 80 long as we are faithfully discharging our duties, we shall receive the needful support from the public; and that God will vouchsafe to own our labours, and crown them with his abundant blessing.

1, Exeter Hall, December, 1854.

CONTENTS

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Papers, Original and Selected. Page

Page Abstract of the Tenth Annual Report Liverpool Ragged School Union 61

of the Ragged School Union 107 Middlesex Industrial Schools—ProA Peep into a Ragged School .

' 87
posed Legislation

101 A Ragged School in St. Petersburgh 132

and A Search in London for Ragged Popish Chaplains.

134 Scholars

· 195 New Nichol Street Ragged School 95 Beneficence-Ancient and Modern . 156 Orphan Ragged Scholar, The . 128 Birmingham Reformatory School 165 Patent Art Toys in Ragged Schools 150 Boys' Refuge-Whitechapel

89 Phonetic Mode of Teaching to Read 181 Brutalizing Sport

12 Proceedings of the Tenth AnniCarlisle Reformatory

239

versary of the Ragged School Conference at Birmingham, on the

Union

111 Reformation of Juvenile Delin. Ragged Boy Shipwrecked, The 66 quents

15 Ragged School Blossoms and Fruit. 92 Educational Exhibition, The 136, 175 Ragged School Emigration-Which Emigrants' Farewell . 136 is the best Field ?-No. I.

26 Field Lane Ragged Church

No. II.

50 Fathers' Meetings . 177 Ragged School Gardens .

46 Feed my Lambs

200, 210 Red Cross Court Ragged School 75 Fleet Ditch Ragged School, The 7 Reformatory and Preventive InstituFragment Schools; or, The South

tion

225 wark Sunday Schools

221 St. Giles's Rookery and its Ragged Free Schools for the Poor-Ancient

Schools—No. I.

125 and Modern 234

-No. II. 153 Hill Street and Huntsworth Mews,

No. III. 171 Schools — Refuge - Nursery and

Scholars' Prizes

57, 220 Laundry

30
School Agents.

19 Home for the Outcast

72 Spitalfields and its Ragged Schools . 93 Irish Ragged Schools--No. I. . . 185 Street Preaching

122 No. II. . 205 Teaching “ Common Things” 41 Juvenile Crime, Legislation on 21 The Census and Ragged Schools 233

- Criminals, Reformatories The Cholera and our Schools. 215 for

97 The Greenock Ragged Boys make Delinquents, Public Meet good Seamen

239 ing at Birmingham on the Refor The Earl of Portsmouth on Sectarian mation of 34 Education

239 Deputation to The London Crossing-Sweepers Lord Palmerston on the Reforma

Should they be Organized ? . 216 tion of 53 The London Shoe-blacks .

157 Keate Street, Spitalfields—Its People The Pastor's Letter to his Ragged and its Claims 218 School Teachers .

231 Kindness and Punishment

193 The Ragged Churl and the Royal Lending Libraries 161 Teacher

13 Light and Darkness

10 The Rough Pebble being Polished 192 Lord Palmerston's Bill-Reforma The Tenth Anniversary of the Ragtory Schools 145 ged School Union

106

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Page

Page

The United States and their Juvenile

Reformatories

The Children's Gallery.

The War, but not with Russia

133

A Word to Little Girls

123

The Work and its Workers

1 Grand Junction and Great Salvation

Traits of Heroism

140, 161 Railway

777

Wild Court, Present and Prospective 229

The Royal Missionary

. 203

Youthful Offenders' Act

198 Trip to (the) Poles .

141

Two Ways to do Good

Poetry.

Victoria and her Mother.

123

A Word to Little Girls

. 128

Gems from the “ Annie Jane".

Notices of Meetings, etc.

No. I. The Boy that Read the Book 90

No. II.“ Looking Up”.

137 Brewer's Court, Great Wild Street . 163

Lines on Reading an Appeal in be-

Camden Town

124

half of “ The Ragged Schools” 162 Chatham

. 164

Old School versus New School 39 Compton Place and Sandwich Street 78

Poverty's Children

182 Crown Square, Walworth

20

Teach, Speak, Give .

Dolphin Court, Spitalfields

80

The Great Supper

236 East Greenwich

.240

The Halls of the Rich and the Field Lane

143

Homes of the Poor

203 Foster Street, Bishopsgate Street 100

The New Year-1854

20

Golden Lane

143

The Prison Bell

236 Hope Street, Spitalfields .

40

The Ragged Traveller Rescued 77

Hoxton

144

Hull Ragged School

80

Notices of Books.

Manual of Needlework

Huntsworth Mews and George Street 124

141

One Hundred Hymns, etc., for Rag-

Ipswich,

John Street, Mint

ged Schools .

141

Pictorial Pages

Kingsland

141

Lamb and Flag Court

The Youth's Safeguard against Po-

Lansdown Street, Kent Street.

pery and Tractarianism

141

Nelson Street, Camberwell

Correspondence.

New Nichol Street

A Ragged School Fifty-five Years Norwich.

79

Old

237 Paddington Wharfs

40

Broomers and Shoe-blacks

56 Peckham

80

Factory Employment for Girls 139 Princes Street, Lambeth

124

Lectures to Working Men

56 St. Giles's and St. George's

79

Ratcliffe Ragged and Industrial Shoe-blacks, Whitechapel

Schools

138 Union Mews

99

The Mothers' Treat

237 Wrexham

224

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THE

RAGGED SCHOOL UNION

Magazine.

JANUARY, 1854.

Papers, Original and Selected.

THE WORK AND ITS WORKERS. THE New Year has come. We hail its advent with hope and gladness. In a cheerful spirit we gird up our loins for fresh toils, gathering from the memories of the past renewed courage to press onward. We begin our labours for 1854 with a paper specially devoted to the WORK AND ITS WORKERS." It will, we trust, furnish topics for consideration, which, under the Divine blessing, may suggest much that is valuable as to future and accelerated progress. We invite attention, then, first, to a brief review of the work itself; and, secondly, to the agents by whom it is maintained and advanced. It will be found that both subjects embrace a wider range than might previously have been supposed.

Prominent and pre-eminent, in connection with “THE WORK," are our Day, Evening, and Sunday Ragged Schools. These are provided for the instruction of infants, juveniles, and adults, all having homes (in general wretched ones,) but otherwise of a class so destitute and outcast, that ordinary Day and Sunday Schools have never sunk a shaft into that “lower depth where they are imbedded, and out of which the Ragged School specially attempts to raise them. As we have hinted already, and as will speedily appear, these schools do not constitute the sole feature of our work, but they form the vis vita, and the primary source whence other ameliorating influences derive both their existence and their moral

progress in this our own department of la bour has been such, as to call for the most hearty thanksgiving ; whether we contemplate the number of paid and voluntary teachers engaged, the number of children and adults in attendance, or the Pecuniary aid supplied by the Christian public. This progress has been

arefully noted in the successive Annual Reports of the Union, and the following statistics will convey a vivid

and correct view of its extent and importance.

power. The

NO. LXI.-VOL. VI.

B

In the Report furnished at the Annual Meeting in May, 1850, we read

“The following table will show the rapid increase of the Society from 1845 to 1850 :

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200
250

450
822 Vol.

80 Paid. 929 Vol.

124 Paid. 1,392 Vol.

£ 696

82

9,000

£3,632

Sixth Year, ending May, 1850 .

95

10,900

£2,658"

167 Paid.

.

In the following year the increase reported was not proportionately so great as in former years. “ The Committee did not anticipate that it would, for they expected, that as the various low districts became supplied with schools, as Christian visitation proceeded, and as the City Missionary and the Scripture Reader laboured to raise the masses to a better condition, the necessity for the Ragged School would not be so great.” It is, however, highly gratifying, to find the latest official intelligence as to the extent of the ground occupied by our special work as under: In Day Schools

8,008 In Week Evening ditto

5,892 In Sabbath Schools

. 11,733 In Industrial Classes

2,040 • The number of paid teachers is 221; of voluntary teachers, 1,787, The number of schools is now 116, and 13 new schools have been opened.This last-mentioned fact reminds us, that there is “yet much land to be possessed." The opening of every fresh school is, as it were, a solemn rebuke to the indolence of the past, which would not, or å painful memorial of the inability which could not overtake existing necessities. The work of “excavation” is not completed either in the Metropolis, or in the great cities and towns of the United Kingdom. In London itself, there are many districts where one Ragged School exercises an important influence, where there is ample room for two, amid a teeming and ever-multiplying population. Besides this, there are localities over which still broods « a darkness which might be felt." Into these the torch of Christian truth must be borne, nay, be permanently kindled there, before our “work” shall have realized its ideal, or our responsibilities shall have ceased. And then, as to the provinces, while we know that much has been done, and more is being done, yet our friends and fellow-labourers there will join with us in lamenting, that the work and its agencies need to be multiplied an hundred-fold. We fear that it would be easy to point out large towns, with a population verging upon from seventy thousand to one hundred thousand, which have not one Ragged School, properly so called, in existence. To the extent of this evil we invite the attention of philanthropic individuals, and we shall gladly publish any statistics furnished us, in the

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