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and the leaven of the Gospel so prerailing, that the sympathetic and the charitably disposed are alike found in the cottage and the palace. Indulging in a spirit of holy emulation, each fancies himself most happy in the luxury of doing most good. If there be any truth in the sentiment, that it is more blessed to give than to receive, the thus highly favoured of Britain's happy subjects, as well as our most gracious and beloved Queen, must be happy indeed; for to England long since has been assigned the grateful duty of communicating the Gospel, with its concomitant blessings, to the heathen in foreign lands, as well as the exerting its influence to the bursting asunder the cruel chain of slavery. History furnishes an interesting catalogue of a thousand glorious achievements, resulting in extensive benefits to distant nations; but the question naturally returns, What has England done for herself?

For proof that she has not been wholly indifferent to her own interests, we have but to glance at her benevolent and philanthropic institutions, which stud not only her mighty metropolis, but ornament her many cities and towns; the multitude of towering spires, topping the sacred edifices dedicated to the worship of the true and living God, and well supplied with a highly educated and evangelical ministry ; and schools for every grade of society, with a noble band of duly qualified teachers. These not only reflect great credit on the evident zeal and activity of the previous age, but augur well for the succeeding one.

Is it nothing, that in and about London some 130 schools, adapted to the wants and necessities of the lowest and least favoured of England's sons, have been established, and are in active operation ? To descend the shaft, down to the lowest strata of human society, and to establish and carry out preventive and reformatory operations, are works, great, noble, and Christ-like; and if performed in the exercise of faith and prayer, cannot fail to result in great good to the community at large. But while there is abundant cause for joy and rejoicing in the tokens of the Divine approval and blessing, still there remain important facts, which must not be overlooked ; facts which, while abstractedly considered, are of a depressing character, should, upon being made known, induce renewed effort and devout prayer. There are many needy neighbourhoods yet untouched; neighbourhoods so obscure, that they are utterly concealed from and unknown to the teeming thousands that daily throng our thoroughfares, and therefore serve well the purposes of the masses, whose degraded circumstances, or non-approved or illegal practices, need a covering.

Such a locality is KEATE STREET, SPITALFIELDS. We write from actual observation and information obtained on the spot. This street is situated in the centre of a dense group of about 360 houses, bounded by Brick Lane, on the east; Commercial Street, west; Fashion Street, on the north; and Wentworth Street, south. Of these houses, 80 are low lodging-houses, and 45 houses of ill-fame. The exterior condition of the dwellings presents a sad sight, viewed in a sanitary point of view. The interior of most of the houses is in a very filthy condition. The indefatigable missionary, who acted as our guide in this wretched spot, informed us, that frequently the stench in many of the rooms is so bad, that he cannot remain in them, and he has known many of them only to have been cleaned with a birch broom, and has witnessed as much dirt swept in the corner of the room as would fill a wheelbarrow. He has suffered greatly in his own person since labouring here, though previously he was in the enjoyment of robust health. The majority of people living here, are hucksters, beggars, and prostitutes. As many as about 600 unfortunate females, and of the lowest order, live here, and most under the age of twenty. Their ordinary deportment is most disgusting, and their conversation most blasphemous and obscene. The people generally are very migratory, their stay being but for a short time, and then they are off to similar localities elsewhere; and thus the corruptions of this wretched place are augmented by the influx of the wicked and depraved, and spread

by those who take their departure to similar secluded retreats. There are about 150 Roman Catholic families, very few of whom are able to read, and much superstition, ignorance, and bigotry prevail among them. Oh! how melancholy the thought, that in this locality there are some hundreds of children, who are not only exposed to the corrupting tendencies of the evil practices of the adult portion of the population, and wholly neglected by their parents, but for whom no provision whatever for their better training exists.

The missionary conducted us to the very centre of this, which might with propriety be called the seat of Satan, and having passed through a gang of men engaged in tossing, whom our guide knew, and who he assured us were professional thieves, we entered a room of exceedingly rude construction." This, sir,” said he, "is a Ragged Church, and recently been converted into its present state from an old shed, in such a tumble-down condition, that in endeavouring to prop it up, one side, the cther gave way. We have, however, at last made it secure, and what you see it to be.” It measures 34 feet by 15. Daylight is very visible through the tiled roof, and some old pannelling, sold as a charity at about one penny a foot, nailed against the upright pieces of wood, made a tolerably good wainscot. The Ragged Church and Chapel Union paid the expenses of its adaptation; and here service is held twice a week, and on the average, 100 of the class abore described are assembled here, and listen to the word of God.

Right glad were we to hear that a few working men, poor but pious, had united themselves together as a Committee and a band of teachers, resolving, if possible, to establish here and conduct a Ragged School on the Sabbath; also to employ a paid teacher to conduct a Day School, and a Week Evening School. To carry these purposes out efficiently, funds will be wanting, to provide school furniture, to make the room weatherproof, as well as to pay the current expenses which must be necessarily incurred. Support can only be obtained from without; there is not a person resident within the locality of whom with any propriety pecuniary assistance could be solicited. The necessities and claims of this locality are now under the consideration of the Committee of the Ragged School Union, who no doubt will render it all the assistance in their power ; but unless the little devoted band, who are about to engage in this most needful, self-denying, and arduous work, are assisted by the benevolent from without, their efforts will be greatly retarded. We therefore commend the consideration of the claims of this wretched neighbourhood to the sympathies and prayers of the benevolent, feeling fident that the facts of the case have only to be made known, and the necessities will be amply met; for, adopting the language of Lathrop,

· Beneficence, regardless of herself,
Of pride, ambition, policy, or pelf,
Enjoys, in blest return for one poor mite,
A mine, an empire of sublime delight.”


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SCHOLARS' PRIZES. EARLY in the present year, a Prize Card and a Reward of Ten Shillings were awarded by the Committee of the Ragged School Union, to the boys and girls who had left schools for situations, and retained them for twelve months with good characters. So gratifying was the information the Committee received of the good conduct of a large number of the children in places, and so satisfactory were the results of the rewards for last year, that they have again decided upon offering a reward of Ten Shillings and a Prize Card, to those who come within the following conditions. In awarding about 150 prizes for last year, it was found that the condition that made it necessary for the young persons to be in their situations on the 25th of December last, without answering any very valuable purpose, cut off many very deserving


This has been kindly revised, so as to give an opportunity for all deserving scholars to become successful applicants. We need scarcely add, that the schools referred to are those only that are in connexion with the Ragged School Union. CONDITIONS :

1. To be above twelve and under eighteen years of age.
2. To have attended the Ragged School at least six months previous to obtaining

the situation.
3. To have remained twelve months in one situation, such period ending in any

part of the year 1854, and to be well recommended by the master or mistress ; but if left for a better place to be still eligible, provided recom.

mendations are furnished by other employers up to Christmas, 1854, EXCEPTIONS :1. Those Girls only will be entitled to the Reward who are engaged as domestio

servants. 2. Boys employed as labourers, earning more than ten shillings per week, are

ineligible for the Reward. 3. Those Scholars who received Prizes and Rewards for the year ending Christ

mas, 1853, will be eligible for the Prize Card only for 1854. The Prize Cards were distributed on the last occasion to the awardee by the Earl of Shaftesbury, at a meeting held in Exeter Hall; the Prize of Ten Shillings, although given by the Committee of the Ragged School Union, was afterwards presented by the Committees of the Local Schools at meetings held in their own school-rooms. A similar plan will, in all probability, be adopted on the ensuing occasion. Those who intend to apply for the Prize, can obtain at 1, Exeter Hall, the necessary printed forms of application, certificates, etc.

FRAGMENT SCHOOLS; OR, THE SOUTHWARK SUNDAY SCHOOLS. THINGS not novel cease to strike-by their continuance they seem to become part and parcel of our constitution. America, when first discovered, excited universal attention; now, no one speaks of it as a wonder. The book first printed from type attracted notice and surprise ; now the daily issue of new books, however elegant, ceases to excite attention. The first perfected action of the electric telegraph was on everybody's lips; but now messages are so numerous and constant, that our surprise has ceased. Discoveries in the arts and sciences are an illustration of this remark, not less so the changes that have taken place in our social state. A hundred years ago there was not a single Sunday School after the present model to be found in our land; the Holy Scriptures were so scarce and dear, and the education of the poor so neglected, that among the working population there were to be found neither the Scriptures to read, nor the ability to read them. Since then the strides of education have indeed been great ; by benevolent and other efforts the moral waste has become a fruitful field; the circulation of the Scriptures, and the increase of useful books for the instruction of the poor, exceed all calculation. The religious principle has also much extended through the progress of knowledge, and that progress has been wonderfully facilitated by the establishment of Sunday Schools. At the present time the returns of the late census show that 2,500,000 children of our working population are instructed by 300,000 gratuitous teachers on the Sabbath day. The good effects of such devoted labour exceed all comprehension, whether we think of our own country or the world at large. The duty of the public to encourage and uphold such institutions is paramount and clear, for the instruction has acted like leaven, spreading the principles of truth, cleanliness, sobriety, honesty, and religion, among the masses of our huge population : its fruits have been, and still are, manifest to the most casual observer; and where can we look without perceiving that the good seed of the kingdom has taken deep root, and brought forth fruit, in some thirty, some sixty, and in others a hundred-fold. It has had the effect of qualifying for the industrious performance of mechanical labour, and the diligent discharge of the duties of domestic


life, vast numbers both of its male and female scholars, and thereby added largely, through the principles imparted, to the frugal, upright, and industrious portion of the working classes ; maný, by the principles inculcated and habits formed, it has raised from the lower to the middle ranks of society; it has furnished worshippers beyond calculation to the Christian sanctuaries in every district ; it has led to the union of large numbers with Christian churches; it has qualified the heads of families for the more efficient discharge of parental duty; and by its teaching to “fear God and honour the king," has augmented largely the number of patriotic, loyal, and respectable citizens. By the blessing of God upon its labours, dormant talent has been brought to light, and it has given the first impulse of faith, energy, and zeal, to a large class of faithful teachers, ministers, and missionaries.

The rise of Sunday Schools in our land was silent and unobserved. The editor of a newspaper at Gloucester pitied the young urchins found in the streets of that city, and engaged a woman to take them into her house, and train them to good behaviour on the Sabbath day. The Rev. Rowland Hill, whose country residence was at Wootton-under-Edge, about twenty miles distant, caught the idea, and opened, on his coming to London, the first Sunday School in the Metropolis at his own chapel

, then lately erected in St. George's Fields, Southwark. Thomas Cranfield, a veteran in this cause, opened the second school in Kent Street, and the third in the Mint; both these localities were then far more depraved than even now, for it was not safe for a respectable person to enter either of them. And the scholars admitted were just of that class now found in Ragged Schools. One school was opened expressly for chimney sweeps ; several, called Fragment Schools, to whose scholars clothes were lent on the Sabbath day. These three schools were formed into the Southwark Sunday School Society in 1799; and now that Society has under its auspices the following schools, namely :

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SCHOOLS. 1 1785 Surrey Chapel Adjoining Surrey Chapel 2 1798 Kent Street

Amicable Row, Kent Street 3 1799 Mint

John Street, Mint 1802 Borough

Chapel Court, Borough 1802 Borough Road

Mansfield Street, Borough Road 1808 Castle Yard

Castle Yard, Holland Street 1809 Dockhead

Butler's Place, Dockhead 8 1816 Jurston Street

Jurston Street, Tower Street 1817 Bond Street

Bond Street, Commercial Road 10 1828 Hawkstoue Hall Waterloo Road


SCHOOLS. 11 1839 Jurston Street

Jurston Street, Tower Street 12 1841 John Street

John Street, Mint
SELECT CLASSES, in which Young Persons are trained for Teachers

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The importance of giving a moral and religious training to the children of the masses in this country cannot be overrated, especially of the lowest and most degraded class, when its position among the nations iš remembered. inhabitants of these isles are emigrating at the rate of nearly 400,000 of persons per annum, and will influence, for good or evil, myriads wherever they settle, a necessity is laid upon Christians to educate the young in the knowledge of God and godliness, The destinies of the world seem placed, to a great extent, in the hands of Britain and her sons. Cross the Atlantic and behold the millions of her children there ; visit the islands of the seas, or the shores of Western and Southern Africa, or the rast continent of Hindoostan; above all, witness the extraordinary and unparalleled emigration going on, at the rate of a thousand persons per day, to America and Australia, remembering that these that go to the latter will form the nucleus of a mighty empire, covering a larger area than the whole of Europe. Think of the impetus which that emigration will probably receive when the voyage shall be

completed in as few weeks as it now requires months; and who it may be asked) among the most sanguine can contemplate the immense importance of infusing into the minds of British youth, those principles of right and reason, and religion, which are treasured up in the Book of God? Left alone, the children of our land will become a curse wherever they go ; instructed only in secular knowledge, they will be powerful for evil and not for good: but with minds enriched by the truths taught in these Ragged Schools, and their hearts renewed by Divine grace, they will then go forth to become the -salt of the earth and the lights of the world! Should the time arrive when every British child shall be taught in those Scriptures which are able to make wise unto salvation, and the tide of emigration last, and the British language, and British commerce, and British dominion continue, the period of millennial glory 80 beautifully described by the prophet (Isaiah xi. 6—9) shall be fully realized.

We are happy to call attention to the appeal among our advertisements this month for funds, to enable the Committee to furnish a new building in Harrow Street, Mint. This is much needed, as the old room in John Street, was not only ill-adapted for educational purposes, but in a sanitary point of view, altogether unfit for a public school. And we congratulate that neighbourhood on this additional means of moral improvement, and trust the machinery now in operation, will effectually alter the character of that notorious locality.


TEACH, SPEAK, GIVE. YE Ragged Schools, so dear,

Behold that ragged child, Where boys and girls are found,

Stretched on the bed of death; While kept from doing other wrong, Hark! how he sings God's praises now, They hear the Gospel's joyful sound; With his last weak expiring breath; Teach, teach, teach

Sing, sing, sing The ignorant, covered with dirt,


praise with cheerful heart and voice, The girls, with ragged garments on, I soon shall soar to heaven above, And boys without a shirt.

Come all with me rejoice. Hail, ye who teach these youths,

Ye Ragged Schools, so poor, Ye brave and toiling band,

Let all who can support, From fire, by God's almighty grace,

To raise poor outcasts from the dust, You have plucked out many a brand ;

From vice and misery's sad sport; Speak, speak, speak

Give, give, give To the lost and wretched ones,

Your time and money to this cause, Tell girls they may God's daughters be,

'T will be less far than to support

Those who still break the laws. And boys become God's sons.

To help the Ragged School, Some, who were ragged once,

Sure each might something do; Are clean now, and well clad;

If you cannot give a help then, In England and Australia, too,

Still, earnest prayer becometh you; They prosper, sober, wise, and glad;

Pray, pray, pray Still, still, still

For those who pray, and toil, and give ; Pursue the straight and narrow way,

Pray for the souls of the lost ones, 'T will lead your souls, through Christ's

That they by grace may live. To dwell in endless day. (rich grace,

God's faithful servants dear, That ragged child at home,

Who preach Christ crucified, Hark! listen to its cry,

Still point them to the Lamb of God, “O father, mother, I am faint,

Who for the lost and wretched died; I feel I soon, alas! must die ;

Toil, toil, toil Send, send, send

In prayer, and faith, and hope, and love For my kind teacher; he will come; Oh! give them souls, Lord, for their hir He told me of God's wondrous love, Whom they shall meet above. In giving Christ his Son."

Mirror of Truth.

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