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Nov. 28.—-At a meeting of the Conservative Union Political Committee, at Philadelphia, a resolution is adopted nominating General M’Clellan for President, and ex-Governor Campbell, of Tennessee, for Vice-President, in the election to be held next autumn.
26.—Gcneral Joe J ohnstone assumes the command of Bragg’s army.
Dec. 2l.—-The House of Representatives pass a Bill appropriating 20,000,000 dols. for the payment of beauties and advanced pay to volunteers.
22.—The preceding resolution also passes the Senate with some amendments.
25.—The Federals shelled Charleston from the night of the 24th till the afternoon of Christmas-day.
30.—The Confederate army in East Tennessee has gone into winter quarters.
Jan. 7.-The President of‘ the Chamber of Deputies announces the resignation of Garibaldi as member. Several members advocate the nou-apceptance of the resignation, while others speak in favour of the opposite course. It is finally accepted, together with the resignation of nine other members of the Left.
Jan. 1.—The Coun‘s'er dc Dimanche is suspended for two months in consequence of an article written b M. Prevoet Parade], which “ misrepresents both the causes an the consequences of the loan voted by the Corps Legislatif, and by insulting irony endeavours to provoke hatred and contempt of the Government, whose policy he calumniates.”
In the Corps Legislatifseveral members bring forward an amendment to_the Address, expressing greater sympathy with Poland, and an opinion that it is expedient to recognise the Poles as belligerents.‘
2.—The Paris evening papers publish advices from Reunion to the 6th of December, stating that all hope of King Radama still surviving is almost abandoned.
4.—An Orsini conspiracy is discovered in Paris.‘
6.—-The_ Imps says: “It is rumoured that France will accede to the proposition of England for a conference on the question of the Duohies."
The Muts'mel in an article signed by M. Limayrac, upon the Dano~German question, refers to the proposition of a restricted congress made by England, and says: “ France will offer no impediments or obstacles to the plan, but every day shows its ineficaciousness, and proves the practical utility of the European congress proposed by the Emperor.“
Jun. 7.—M. do Quaade, up to the present Danish Minister at the Court of Berlin, provisionally accepts the portfolio for Foreign Affairs. Lord Wodehouse leaves Copenhagen.
Jan. 5.—The Novedadss has been prosecuted for having demanded tolerance of religious opinions. GREECE :
Jan. 2.—Advices received at Trieste from Corfu state that the cannon of the Vido, the fort commanding the harbour, were dismounted and taken away upon the 28th ult. The English troops will shortly leave, partly for Malta, partly for India.
6.—Major-General l’etmosus is appointed Minister of War. The troops garrisoning Tripolitza and Lumia are said to have refused to
recognise their new chief. AUSTRIA :
Jan. 4.—According to intelligence received at Vienna from Bucharest, warlike preparations continue to be made in the Danuhian Principalities. _ Parcels of arms are constantly being received from France and Belgium. These preparations are believed to have some connection with the Italian armaments.
Jam1.—The new street between Blackfriars bridge and London bridge, through Southwark. is opened for public traffic.
2.—- Green, the Whittlesey murderer, is executed at Cambridge.
3.—Joseplt Halms'g, the soldier convicted of abusing or abetting the death of a woman at Guildford, having also taken poison himself, has his sentence commuted to penal servitude for life, upon the strong recommendation to mercy of the jury, forwarded by Baron Pigott.
Whittlebnry Lodge, the seat of Lord Southampton, near Towcester, Northampton, is totally destroyed by fire. The flames made such rapid progress that none of the valuable contents of the mansion were saved; and the inmates narrowly escaped with their lives.
4.—Thc result of the Bucks’ election is officially declared. The
numbers were: for Mr Harvey (Conservative) 2,311 ; for Dr Lee (Liberal), 313. Majority for Mr Harvey 1,998. _ The final inspection of the London-bridge and Chafing-cross Railway is made by Captain Tyler, the Government inspector of the railway department of the Board of Trade. The officials connected with the railway were informed that the certificate of the Board of Trade would be granted, and that the railway might be opened for public trafiic on Monday next.
The appointment of Court Newaman—vncant by the resignation of Mr Donne—is conferred upon Mr Thomas Beard, long and honourably known in connection with the London press.
Dr Trench, the new Archbishop of Dublin, is formally enthroned in Christ’s Church and St Patrick's Cathedral.
5.-—It is announced that orders have been given for the return of the
Channel Fleet to a port in the United Kingdom. _ At the meeting of magistrates for the East Sussex Quarter Sessions, it is resolved, " That the chairman be requested to communicate with the Secretary of State with reference to the facilities alleged to have been granted by the South Eastern Railway Company for the late prize-fight in Sussex."
Williqm Whitehead, of Wexham Rectory, Bucks, the “gentleman " who so indecently assaulted a lady in a railway carriage last week, is again_brouglit up before the sitting magistrate at Msrylebone, and committed for trial in the Central Criminal Court, heavy bail being required.
At the Derbysbirc County Sessions, a remonstrance signed by forty magistrates, against the course pursued by the Home Secretary in respiting the murderer Townley, is brought before the court and unanimously agreed to.‘
The statue of Oliver Goldsmith is inaugurated in the Court of Trinity College, Dubhn, in the presence of the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland.‘
6.-At the Lewes Quarter Sessions the case of the prize-fighters committed by the Sussex magistrates, for taking part in the recent fight at Wadhnrsq came before the court, but was postponed on the ground that the prisoners' counsel had not had sufficient time to prepare their defence.‘
A petition in favour of Samuel Wright, now under sentenco of death for the murder of Maria Green, is forwarded to Sir G. Grey by the visiting justices of Horsemouger-lane Gaol.
7.—It is announced that the Government does not intend to nominate to the vacant Deanery of St Patrick’s, Dublin, as the advisers of the Crown consider that, though the exceptional circumstances of the case raise a serious question, they do not clearly establish a legal right.
At a Privy Council, held at Osborne, Parliament is prorogued from the 13th inst. to the 4th of February, then to meet for the despatch of business.
“Sire,—-The Corps Legislatif shares the confidence with which the renewal of its powers inspires you. Despite the animation of the struggle, the population has shown that it still remains profoundly devoted to the Imperial institutions, to your person, and to your dynasty. In coming to take our part in the examination of public affairs we shall never lose sight of these principles and these sentiments, and we shall act in concert with you so as not to weaken them. Your Majesty was right in preceding public opinion in the path of industrial and commercial liberty. France, which for a long time had doubted, has faith new in her own strength. Our industries have been able by their efforts and their sacrifices to meet foreign competition. They will display still greater activity when they sec the means of transport multiplied and rendered more prompt and more easy. We trust, therefore, that the activity imparted to public works will not be diminished ; that no delay will occur in the execution of the railways, and that the improvement in our ports, our rivers, our canals, our high roads, and especially of our local roads, will always be the object of the solicitudo of your Government. Our finances wisely husbanded, relieved from the exceptional circumstances which weigh upon them, will be sufficient to provide for all the wants of the country without it being necessary to recur to public credit or to fresh taxation. Your Majesty, whose liberal dispositions do not contradict themselves, again announces to as fresh reforms. We shall study those which will be submitted to us with the desire of seconding your love of real progress. Every measure, the object of which is to destroy the obstacles to the liberty of trade and to individual initiative; to settle in an equitable manner the relations between citizens placed in different positions in the labour question; and to increase the attributes of the communes and the departments without weakening the central power, will be welcomed by us with favour and gratitude. We participate in the interest your Majesty feels for everything relating to religion, charity, the arts, letters, and science. Primary instruction has rapidly developed since 1848. We think with you that the number of children who are still without it is too great; we hope to see it diminish every year, and finally disappear from our statistics, thanks to the increasing well-being of the population, having for complement the benefits of gratuitousness. We also hope that professional and agricultural instruction maybe efl'ectively encouraged, while the level of the studies giving access to the liberal careers is at the same time elevated. This system of uniformity should respond to the wants of families and to the aspirations of modern society by fortifying every career and by sparing youth frequent mistakes. The Corps Legislatif thinks with you, Sire, that the most wisely-governed nations cannot always hope to escape external complications, and that they ought to appreciate them without illusion and without weakness. The distant expeditions of China, Cochin China, and Mexico, which have followed each other, have disturbed many minds in France because of the obligations and the sacrifices they entail. We admit that they must inspire respect abroad for our countrymen and for the French flag, and that they may thus develop our maritime commerce, but we should be happy to see the good results your Majesty leads us to hope for speedin realised. The recollections of our history, the sentiments of humanity that animate us, excite our warmest sympathies for the fate of the Poles. We have seen with regret that the combined efl'orts of' the three great Powers have not succeeded in solving this grave question according to your benevolent intentions. We cannot forget either that the sincere and cordial support of Russia has more than once been useful to France on important occasions. We should regret if our good relations with that Power were to grow cool. We therefore welcomed with a profound satisfaction that noble idea of a European Congress, the initiative of which would have been an eternal honour to your reign. France, whose splendour and glory you have restored, is grateful to you, because you have not compromised her treasures and the blood of her children for causes in which neither her honour nor her interest are involved. Without regret let unjust prejudice receive with mistrust your loyal and pacific propositions. The noble and healthy ideas that God causes to arise in the hearts of sovereigns for the welfare of humanity are making their way in the world, and taking root in the heart of the people. Wait with tranquillity the effect of your generous words. France, homogeneous, compact, certain of her strength, confident in you, fears no aggression; she has no other ambition now than that of assuring hcr repose, developing her material welfare by labour and peace, and her moral welfare by the sincere and gradual practice of civil and political liberties."
Report of the Committee on Squilc-iiiontary Credits.
The report of the committee upon the supplementary credits requested by the government has been published. It concludes as follows: “ Our mission is to warn the executive power with affectionate respect, and to hold it back upon the brink of dangerous entanglements. The best devotion is that which knows how to speak salutary truths in time of need. We are unanimous in advising that an end should be put to the Mexican expedition ; far be it from us to say, at any price, but as promptly as the interest and honour of France will permit. The expression of this wish certainly responds to the general sentiment of the country, and we think the government of the Emperor will receive it with favour." The committee unanimously propose the adoption of the bill.
Discovery of Orsini Conspiracy.
Pants, Jan. 7.-—The police have arrested four foreigners, of suspicious appearance, coming from England. At their residence were found a great quantity of English gunpowder, four poinards, four revolvers, four air-guns of a new and ingenious construction, phosphorus, percussion caps, fuses several metres in length, and eight hand grenades made on the Orsini pattern. In the pocket of one of these men was found a letter dated from London, very compromising for himself, his companions, and the writer. Three of the men are Italians, named respectively Tambnco, Grocco, and Imperatori. The fourth assumes a name evidently false. Two appear to have received an excellent education, and it is asserted that one of them has made a complete avowal of the criminal object of their conspiracy. The judicial investigation is being continued, and the trial of the prisoners will shortly take place at the assizes.
The Mom'feur publishes news from the city of Mexico to the 24th of November, reporting that the campaign had been reopened by the French with great successes to the Imperial arms. Queretsro was occupied on the 15th by the F ranco-Mexican forces under General Mejia, who, together with the French General Douai, was to advance immediawa upon San Luis de Potosi. Morelia, in the State of Mechoacan, had been abandoned to the French. General Buaine wsi marching upon Guanaxuaoo. Guadalajara was besieged by the Mexican allies. The Mexican General Vidaurri had declared himself in fagour of the Empire. The death of General Comonfort is con~ firme .
By way of San Francisco advices have also been received at New York from the city of Mexico. Great sufferings for want of provisions prevailed among the poorer classes. The fortifications were constantly being strengthened. The French had advanced no farther into the interior since occupying Queretaro. The killing of Comonfort had amused a feeling of intense bitterness among the native population. Accounts from San Luis Potoai state that a Mexican officer had returned from the United States, where he had been sent with a commission for purchasing and fitting out vessels of war under letters of marque, to prey upon French commerce, and it was reported that his mission was successful. The accounts from the same source also confirm the news of Comoufort’s death, and adds that the nchranco-Muximiliau regency was virtually dissolved by the action of the Archbishop of Mexico City. He insisted on the restoration of the Church property which had been confiscated and distributed by Juarez. This was refused; so the archbishop not only retired from the royal council, but excommunicated every pcrsonFrench and Mexican—who opposed him, from Generals Basins and Almonte, down to the drummer boys of the liberating army. The cathedral doors being closed against the parties, General Negro surrounded the bnildiug with 3,000 French soldiers, and, planting his cannon at the door, demanded admission within a certain time. The archbishop admitted the pious belligerents, officiated at mass, and gun them the episcopal benediction.
The Sociedad, a clerical journal, publishes a manifesto from General Doblado, dated Guanajuato, 9th November, 1863. Just before this document appeared the French Government believed it had gained over the General, who is Governor of the rich province of Guanajuato, to the cause of the intervention. The manifesto in question must have completely convinced it of its error. The General in fact appeals, in energetic terms, to the patriotism of his fellow countrymen, and exhcrs them to fear neither the number nor the power of the foreign invaders. “ The question," he says in conclusion, “is not merely between Maxim and France. There are interests and considerations of a far more elevated order, which will be developed in time when Mexico, sustaining an unequal struggle, with as much honour as courage, has prowl to the world that she is worthy of forming a sovereign an d independent nation by herself."
Mexico and the Archduke .Maximilian.
It is understood (says the Daily News) that the Archduke Marimiliau and Archducncss Charlotte are very shortly expected in Paw, to visit the Emperor and Empress of the French, on their wayto St Nazairc, where they will probably embark for Vera Cruz in an Austrian steam frigate, attended by a French steamer of war. Several circumstances, including more particularly the recent visit of Marshal Forcy to Miramar, are said to have determined his imperial highueae to sail on his great adventure as Emperor of Mexico. The difficulties originally started by the Archduke Were of two kinds. In the first place, he required certain securities against the contingent hostility of the United States; and in the second, he demandtd evidence of his domestic security, if not in the result of a ple'biscik, at least in a state of things which should assure him that he was not the more catspaw of a partial military rcvolution. On the former of these points it is understood that the extraordinary mission of Marshal Foray to Washington had for its result an undertaking of the United States Government not to disturb the new Mexican monarchy; and in return for this assurance, it is believed that certain promises were made by France with regard to the attitude of that country towards the Confederate States. This assurance is thought to have served to some extent, to satisfy the original requirements of the Archduke as regards pledges of security against aggression from without. For, as it was only from the United States that hostility was to be apprehended, it was thought that the assurance of the Washington Government would be practically equivalent to 8 guarantee of support from Great Britain, which was originally suggested by the advisers of the Archduke. On the latter point it his been, we believe, submitted to the Archduke that any nearer approximation to a popular vote among so scattered and ignorant a populition as the Mexicans, than such as was to be obtained from a more or less general submission to the French arms, was altogether impracticable. It is stated that in accordance with this view, the Archdulw has been ready to take the progress of the French arms as an mile! of the submission of the Mexicans to his rule. The Mom'lflfl‘ ll“ just detailed the advance of the French, Mexican, and Indian forces, under command of General Bassine. It announces that up @ihe end of November these forces had spread over the western previews, having taken Oajaca and Valladolid, and that they were then closely invested Guadalajara, which was then daily expected to surrender. It states also that in the northern provinces Juarez had fled 1° Durango; that the French were about to take Gusuajuato and 58“ Luis Potosi; while the governor of Chihuahua and New Leon. who” capital was Montercy, and which formed the extreme northqui' states, lying betvveen San Luis Potosi and Texas, had revoltcd 8581"" Juarez, and was ready to accept Maximilian. Juarez was ill“! stated to be placed between two fires. It is on such a general Iview of the state of the campaign that the Archduke'e conclusion is behthd to have been formed ; and it is stated also that the strong represenla' tions of the French government as to the impossibility of establishing the Mexican government satisfactorily in his absence, and as to the importance of thus relieving France of some of the burdens of w" and administration in that country, which press so heavily on the French cxchequer, have not been without effect.
METROPOLITAN Bannrir Socin'riss’ Asmara—The inmates of this Institution in the Ball's-pond road, thirty-two in number, were rcgnlcd with good old English fare on Monday last. The dinner “1”: served in the Chapel, Prov. G. M. Stephens and D. S. C. It. Know}? presiding ; and P.P.G.M.’s Leftly, Filsell, and Harris, and P- C- t' Morrell, and others of the leading Friendly Societies were was?“ After the usual loyal and patriotic toasts, the chairman proposed blla Asylum and Health to its Inmates,” stating it had been a comforts ihome for 160 persons, had now over 7,0001. invested, and as the '3th ml increased a larger money allowance would be given to the "I"?! r' Last year 1621. 10s. was paid to the thirty'two now living. NI 5 ‘l e; of the City Mission, responded for the ofiicers, saying it 1le been“ pleasure to him to conduct the religious services for eleven year! RE; and the inmates, he was glad to say, dwelt happily togethef- d, _ followed, and vocal and instrumental music enlivened the proceed which closed at ten, after an extempore dance by the inmates BB 'f'én tors. A series of Free Lectures was announced, the first to I!” 8" on Wednesday next, by the Rev. W. Holmes, M.A., on Th Hood and his Writings.”
Tns Guano Innmrnlorui. ALLrarvcs Home Conrarvv (Limited) is announced. The capital, which is fixed at 300,0001. (subject to increase), in 12,000 shares of 251. each, is to consist of the double form of ordinary shares and fully paid shares to bearer. The chairmm is Lord A. Lennox, chairman of the Grosvenor Hotel Company, and the board is partly English and partly Dutch. The object of the undertaking is to establish a “through system " of hotel accommodation between Holland. Belgium, France, and England, the proposal being that hotels belonging to this company in Holland and Belgium shall act “ en correspondence " and in alliance with hotels already existing in France and England and belonging to other companies. Suitable sites for the proposed buildings have been selected at Amsterdam and Rotterdam, while at Antwerp and Brussels arrangements have been made for the purchase of existing establishments. The general manager is M. E. Dremel, who organised the Hotel du Louvre at Paris. The share list is to be closed on the lith inst.
Tun Lennon Docx Conrarvv held its half-yearly meeting on Tuesday, when the directors’ report was adopted. It stated the balance of profit for the half-year at 67,6071., against 68,7131. in 1862, and recommended the payment of a dividend of 11. 15s. per cent. for the six months, less income tax. The chairman, in drawing attention to the increase in the earnings, said that the company is advancing steadily and progressively to something like the state of prosperity it once enjoyed, and he does not see any reason why the shareholders should content themselves with the dividends they have been receiving of late.
Tux Koreans Aim Ocns Pmrr'rarrox Couraxr (Limited) is announced. It is formed under very respectable auspices, and it is understood that the directors themselves take a large stake in the enterprise. T hrce estates in Kumoan, comprising about 4,400 acres, and two others in the north of Oude, comprising about 10,000 acres, have been purchased, where tea, cinchona, silk, cotton, rhea, and other cropsare to be produced. The price of the estates is 29,0001, of which 12,0001. will be payable in money, and 17,0001. in shares, which are not to be entitled to any dividend until 8 per cent. has been in some one year paid out of the net profits of the company upon the capital paid up on all the ordinary shares. The vendors guarantee a dividend of 8 per cent. for the first three years of the operations of the company, and leave security for the fulfilment of the guarantee. The capital is 100,0001., of which 60,0001. is to be issued in the first instance in 6,000 shares of 10!. each.
Tirs Barrier Narrox Finn INSURANCE Courarrr (Limited) is announced, with a respectable direction, in connexion with the Life Assurance Association of the same name. It is pointed out that this new fire company has every element for securing at once a large and profitable business. The British Nation Life Assurance Association is stated to have an income of 170,0001. a year, and to be effecting new business, yielding a premium income at the rate of upwards of 80,0001. per annum; its policyholders amount to morevthan 20,000, and it has upwards of 3,000 agclils. The Fire Company will at once obtain the advantage of the whole working staff of the Life Company. One of the chief advantages of the association of the two undertakings is of course the saving of expenses which it will entail, both immediate and prospective.
Tun Barrisu AND Fonsrorr Conraarrr Conrarrr (Limited) is announced. with a proposed capital of no less than 3,000,000!., in 80,000 shares of 1,0001. each. The first issue, however, is to be 1,000,900L The object of this undertaking is stated to be “the undertaking or guaranteeing the execution on fixed conditions of enterprises of a sound and well-ascertained commercial value.” The prospectus further explains as follows :—“ This company is formed as a. necessary and useful auxiliary to the various financial and credit corporations, for the purpose of contracting for, and aiding in, the
collimation of “11"”. ""1 0111" Public work! at home “(1 abmld' ‘ tions of live cattle and sheep, &c., into the port of London from the 8 per Cent. New :
The company will afford to the public the opportunity of participating in the large profits derivable from carrying out public undertakings in this country, which have hitherto been monopolised by private contractors. With regard to foreign undertakings the company will not only share the profits of contractors, but derive additional advantages from an interest in valuable concessions, and the premiums on such shares as may be taken in part payment for works." It is promised that “ at all times the advice and assistance of the most eminent and experienced engineers of the day " will be sought by the directors, who meanwhile are in negotiation with a gentleman “who was for many years the practical manager of one of the most eminent contractors of the day, and under whom he superintended the execution and the financial arrangements of extensive railway and other works in this country and abroad."
'l‘na ansanmr Iaox arm Waoooa' Courarvr (Limited) have issued a prospectus. This company is formed under very respectable loenl auspices, with especial connexions in Yorkshire and Manchester, for the purpose of carrying on business as ironfounders and agricultural implement and railway waggon manufacturers. With this view it is intended to purchase from the proprietors of the Beverley (Yorkshire) Iron \Vorka their extensive freehold premises, with the steam engines, machinery, plant, and stock, which have been lately valued at upwards of 70,0001., and are to he transferred to the company for 60,0001. The business has been carried on upon an extensive scale for upwards of thirty years, and is now in full operation. The capital is fixed at 120,0001. in 6,000 shares of 201. each, but it is proposed to call up only hall' of the subscribed capital at present. An arrangement has been entered into with the present proprietors, by which one-half of the purchase money may, if desired, remain on security of the property.
A new CRILIAN Misuse COMPANY, formed under unusually re-
MISCIL1.ANEOU5.-—T116 following is a list of the Companies new winding up in the Court of Chancery: Agriculturist, Amazon, Athenzcum Life, Birkbeck, British Exchequer, British and Foreign Rel. Mar, British Provident, Caxton, Commercial and General, Consols, Cosmopolitan, Defender, Deposit and General, English and Irish Church, Era, General Commission, General Indemnity, General Live Stock, Herald, Home Counties, Hull and London Fire, Hull and London Life, Independent, J nsticc, Lancashire Guarantee, Life Assurance Treasury, Liverpool Marine, London and County Cattle, London and County Life, London Mercantile Life, London and Westminster, Mar-cantile Guarantee, Merchant Traders, Mitre, National Insurance, National Alliance, Nelson Sea Voyugcrs, Newcastle-upon-Tyne Mar, Oak, Observer, Parental, Port of London, Phoenix Lilo, Professional, Protestant, Public, Saxon, Sea, Fire, and Life, Security, Solvency Mutual, State Fire, Times F ire, Tontine, Universal Provident, Waterloo, York and London.—The jbllows'ng insurance companies have ceased to exist during the past year: Atlas Marine (founded in 1857), Family Assurance and Sick Fund (1861), Nautical (1798), New E uitablc (1851), Impartial Marine (1793), London Equitable (1855), We lingtcn (1852), Westminster Society (1792), World (1858).—An amalgamation has been arranged between the West India and Pacific Steam-ship Company (Limited) and the Liverpool, Western, and Spanish American Steampacket Company (Limited). The directors of the latter company, who are all largely interested in the West Indian and Central American trade, join the board of the West India Company.—The liquidators of the London Discount Company (Limited) have convened a meeting of the shareholders for the 15th inst.—The half-yearly meeting of the London, Brighton, and South Coast Railway Company is called for the 29th inst.-—A general meeting of the shareholders of the Bank of London is convened for the 21st inst., when an increased dividend is expected to be declared—A payment of 21. p r share becomes due on the 28th inst. on the shares of the English or Swedish Bank—Messrs Crawford, Calvin, and Co. have issued a circular, stating that Mr M. C. Wilkinson, lately of the firm of Messrs Remington and Co., Bombay, has been admitted a partner in their flan—Messrs Baring Brothers and Co. have advertised the dividends due the l2th instant on Buenos Agra Si: and Three per Cent. Bonds, and have also published the numbers of certain bonds of each loan which have been purchased and cancelled—The interest due the 13th inst. on Grand Russian Railroad shares, being 109. per share, is announced for payment by Messrs Baring Brothers and Co.—The last seven weeks’ traffic of the Lenders General Omnibus Company, in 1863, 1862, and 1861, shows that the Metropolitan Railway has damaged the omnibus traffic little or nothing. There is a gradual increase.-Mr C. A. Hulbert having acceded from the firm of Layton, Hulbert, and 00., has commenced business as a tea.broker at 21 Mincing lane, under the style of Llulbert and Co.—-The South Eastern Railway traffic return shows this week an increase of 131. over last year ; and the Brighton a decrease of ESL—The Grand Trunk Railway Company of Canada’s traffic receipts for the week ending December 12 were 21,6221., against 21,3491. in the corresponding week of last year, being an increase of 1731.—The traffic returns of the Great Western Railway of Canada for the week ending December 18 showed a receipt of 11,1621. against 11,2931. in the corresponding week of last year, being a decrease of IBIL—At the hall-yearly meeting of the Colonial Bank on Wednesday, Mr C. Maryat in the chair, the available balance was stated at 33,937l., out of which 30,0001. was appropriated to a dividend, at the rate of 12 per cent. per annum, and 2,6181. to the reserve, which is thus raised to 121,0001., leaving 1,3191. to be carried forward—A telegram received by the Electric and International Telegraph Company to-day announces that the telegraphic station at Irkontsk, on the route to lChina, was opened on the 2nd of December, the distance from St Petersbnrgh being 5,700 versts. It is believed that messages which formerly took twenty-three days by post will now reach that point in
THE FUNDS.—Consot.s opened on Monday at 91 for money an it closed on Friday at 91}.
THE CIVIL WAR IN AMERICA.
The War in Tennessee.
The Federals in Western Virginia, under General Averill, have cut off Longstreet's communication with Richmond on the Virginia and Tennessee Railway. The line was cut in two or three places. The telegraph wires were broken, and the depots at Salem, with their contents, destroyed, together with several bridges and culverts. General Averill, on his return from this important feat, found his path blocked up by the Confederates at difi'ereut points, under no less than seven generals. He, however, evaded them under cover of night, and returned to head-quarters with trifling loss. The New York World of the 26th nlt. says: “ The positions of the contending armies in East Tennessee appear by the latest accounts to be very curiously complicated. It is now clear that the severe repulse of our pursuit, under Generals Hooker and Palmer, after the victory of Look-out Mountain, has resulted in enabling the Confederates to reorganize their forces ; and that the substitution of General Joseph Johnstone for General Bragg in the chief command of the Southern armies of the West is rapidly restoring the morale of the Confederate troops. General Grant is too wary and experienced an ofiicer to risk any rash movement in the face of a situation so materially changed, and of an antagonist so skilful as the General who now confronts him in front of Knoxville. General Longstreet is evidently meditating some dashing and decisive manmuvre. The andden return of the enterprising commander upon his retreat from the siege of the key of Eastern Tennessee has already been marked by an important advantage won over our troops at Bean‘s Station, in a conflict the proportions of which are shown to be far from insignificant by the Confederate files from Bristol of the 19th, which announce the arrival at that point. of 225 Federal prisoners, being but the first detachment of a much larger number who were captured in that action."
The War in Virginia.
The latest news from Virginia states that it may soon become necese ary for the army of the Potomac to fall back to some point nearer to \‘i'asllington. The present lengthy line of communication (upwards of sixty miles) is liable to damaging raids by the Confederate cavalry stationed at Fredericksburg, one of which, recently attempted, wellnigh proved successful. No military movements of importance have been reported.
le YORK, Dec. 29.-—-All is quiet in Virginia. Advices from Charleston to the 27th state that the Federals shelled the city from the night of the 21th till the afternoon of Christmas-day. Twelve buildings were fired; one white man was killed, and one white woman wounded. The Federal gun-boats had a brisk engagement with the Confederate batteries on Johnson Island. Mobile despatches of the 24th state that the two white regiments sent down to Fort Jackson had not recovered the fort, and fighting continued on the 25m. Wheeler's cavalry are operating through Northern Georgia and Eastern Tennessee. Gucrillas have appeared on the Arkansas shore of the Mississippi opposite Memphis. Several Confederate oflicers and soldiers are reported to have arrived at Newborn, and accepted President Lincoln's amnesty. The Confederates have returned 500 prisoners in exchange for a similar number sent to City Point by General Butler, but refuse further exchanges until their laws regarding coloured troops are acknowledged. They refuse further negotiations with General Butler on the ground that he is an outlaw. Admiral Lissoffski has visited General Butler at Fort Monroe. Advices from New Orleans report that mutual conrtesies continue between the Federal commanders in Brownsville, and theMcxican General commanding in Matamoras. The Free State men have held a convention in New Orleans, in which negroes were admitted to seats, and the convention was opened by a prayer from a coloured preacher. Two of the Chesapeake pirates have been arrested at St John's, New Brunswick, and brought for examination before a public magistrate. Count Mercier, the French ambassador, will shortly leave Washington for Paris. The iron-clad Dictator has been successfully launched at New York. The Olympus and Hammom'a have arrived out.
30 (Evening).-—The Confederate army in East Tennessee has gone into winter quarters. General Longstrcot is still around Rutledge and Morristowu, in East Tennessee. lie was unable to pursue his advantage on account of the large number of barefootediu his command. The Italian frigate Re d'Italr'a, built in New York, went ashore yesterday, near Long Branch, during her trial trip, and has not yet got off, though great efforts are being made to save her. The City q/‘Manehester has arrived out. The Adriatic has arrived at St John’s. No news of any importance has transpired. Money easy. Gold, 52* per cent. premium.
KIEL, Jan. l.——Tha Duke of Augustenburg has, under the title of Duke of Slesvig-Holatoin, issued a proclamation to-day, dated Dec. 31, addressed to the people of the Duchies. He says: “I would not hold back before your call. I fulfil a duty in bearing the cares of this momentous epoch. The Federal execution, which from the beginning was not directed against my Government, has now ceased to have any object. I am convinced that the Federal Diet will now acknowledge that the reasons which determined it to order the administration of the Duchy by Federal commissioners, no longer exist. I expect that my faithful subjects will, however, respect the Federal administration, and that they will avoid any conflict."
2.-—Duke Frederick of Angustenburg has received congratulatory deputations from all parts of the country. The Duke, in reply to the leader of a grand torclilight procession, spoke of the necessity of union between the Government and its subjects, and expressed the confident hope that he would soon assume the Government.
The King of Denmark arrived in Flensburg on the 1st., and next day issued a proclamation to the Danish army. It says: “ The new yielar finds you in arms for the defence of our Fatherland, and your
'ng is therefore among you. I have entered upon the full inheritance of my predecessor in love to our native land. Our motto is the honour of our country, and it shall be upheld with peace, or, if requisite, by force of arms. No life is too costly for the salvation of the Fatherland. From the former struggle the army has retained experienced leaders, whom the young troops will now follow with enthusiasm. Courage, not numbers, above all unhesitating military obedience, in all cases lead to victory." . His Majesty concluded by saying he should soon gladly visit the different divisions ofthe troops. His Majesty reviewed ablaqu portion of the army on the 3rd, and left for Fredrichstadt on t c t r.
COPENHAGEN, Jan. 5.—Abont 14 000 men of the r s . called out by the Ministry of War. ‘ e ewe In“? been
Fnansauao, Jun.v 4.—Large reinforcements are to he sent from Eckenviirde to the island of Fchmern. In care of war it is believed that flank attacks will be made from that position.
7,—The King and the Crown Prince of Denmark arrived here this morning by special tram, and left immediately for Sondcrburg. Thence his Majesty will at Once proceed by the steamer Sclilcsm'g to Korso'r, in order, it is said, to be present at the next sitting of the Council of State in Copenhagen. His Majesty inspected the fortifications of Friedschstadt on the 5th. It is asserted that the small canals of the Schlei are all free of ice. The inundation of the surrounding country by opening the sluioes will not be undertaken until the approach of the
enemy. The greatest activity prevails in the dockyards at Copenhagen, with the object of setting afloat a considerable fleet as speedily as possible.
ltrsnnsnnao, Jan. 4.-—Hanoverian and Austrian pioneers, with a small pontoon train, have arrived here. It is said they will be employed in erecting coast defences. It is reported that the Danish pioneers have left the Kroncnwerk with instructions to blow up the bridges next the sluice bridge immediately upon the outbreak of hostilities. Contracts have been made for supplying provisions to the Federal troops.
Faaurrnonr-on-rnn-Marne, Jan. 2.—-At the sitting of the Federal Diet to-day a motion introduced by Baron Kubeck, the President of the Diet, to the effect that the hereditary Prince of Augustenburg should be immediately summoned to leave the duchies, waslostby nine to seven.
VIENNA, J an. 5.—The semi-official General Con-espondmz of to-day publishes an article cautioning the minor German States against acting against Denmark. It expresses doubts regarding their power to undertake attacks upon the integrity and independence of States belonging to the Confederation, and says: “The mission of protecting the Confederation agaiuat any chances which might result from European complications belongs only to the great German Powers, and the minor States are mistaken if they think to be able to carrv out attacks against Denmark and her possible allies on their own risk.
7.—The General chspondenz of to-day gives a denial to the rumour that Prussia had withdrawn from the proposition for the occupation of Slesvig made by Austria and Prussia coojointly at the Federal Diet.
8.—Iulormation from a reliable source states that the German Great Powers have withdrawn their intended motion at the Federal Diet for the employment of none but Austrian and Prussian troops in the eventual occupation of Slcsvig.
Beams, Jan. 5.—-The Thirteenth Division has received orders for immediate concentration in the district of Priegnitz. It is believed that this order indicates an intention on the part of the Federal troops to immediately occupy Slesvig. It is stated that the Vienna Cabinet has positively declared to Prussia that it would not take any action in the question of Slesvig should Prussia, in the present state of things, withdraw from the London protocol.
Dnasnnn Jan. 5.—In to-dsy's sitting of the Second Chamber, Baron vou Beast declared that the vote of Saxony in the Federal Diet with regard to the stay of the Prince of Augustonburg in Holstein was opposed to the proposition of the President, and was based upon rcsp, ct for the responsibility of the Federal Commissioners, and on other reasons whicbjustify the attitude of Saxony with reference to the loyal and political sides of the question. Baron von Beust further expressed a hope that the majority in the Diet would decide in favour of the claims of tho Princc of Augustenburg, and declared that Saxonyjoined the proposition made by Wurteruberg at the Federal Diet.
Haunuuc, Jan 6.-—lt is asserted that the Hamburg Senate will vote in favour of the recognition of the rights of the Prince of Augusteuburg. The assembly of the citizens has almost unanimously voted in favour of the motion “ That the Assembly express its confident expectation that the Senate, on the occasion of the vote to be taken in the Federal Diet on the question of the right of succession in Slesvig-Holstein would vote in favour of Duke Frederick." The Federal troops have erected earthworks opposite the Crown Fort. _
Aarona, Jan. 7.—Tho Danes still occupy the northern part of Rondsbnrg. The Prince of Augusteuburg is said to intend declaring
Kiel a free port.
The Saxons and Danes are still facing each other at Rendsburg; but, though the delay of twenty-four hours originally fixed by the Saxon general has expired now for some days, we hear nothing yet of the commencement of hostilities. According to some of the continental journals there is a divergence of views between Prussia and Austria, the former Power showing a disposition to go the whole length with its confederate: in the Diet. Meanwhile arrangements scorn to be making in Germany for an occupation of the Duchy of Slesvig. The Kreuz Zeitrmy says that a division has received orders to concentrate immediately at Preignitz; the Gazette d0: Poster of Frankfort says that the authorities of the Grand Duchy of Wcimar have received notice that 30,000 Austrians will pass through it next week on their way to the north; and athird paper speaks of the intention of the German Powers to form a camp in F ranconia, in order to have close at hand troops which it would be necessary to send to the scene of hostilities. According, however, to aletter from Berlin one more step is to be taken at Copenhagen before proceeding to the occupation of' Slesvig. An ultimatum is to be sent to the Danish Government, which will declare that King Christian cannot be recognised unless he re-ostablishes in the Duchies the state of things which existed before lSlG—that is to say, on the condition that the Duchies of Slesvig and Holstein are only joined to the Danish crown by a personal union.
Antieipafions of W or.
The Nerd Deulsché Zeitung contains the following intelligence:
Hanan, Jan. 3.—Tlre association formed here to provide warm clothing for the Prussian contingent destined to serve in Holstein, communicated with the Minister of War for information. The Minister, Von Boon, replied by a letter, of which the following are the principal passages:
“I have no doubt that a portion of the army and navy will probably soon have to make a winter campaign, which will perhaps be bloody, but which in any case will be particularly severe, by reason of the season. I have therefore read with great satisfaction the appeals of patriotic societies; therefore, too, I am astonished that these appeals are received with indifference, and even with disdain, in circles not hostile to the Government.
“It is true that the Administration has the duty of providing the troops which enter on the campaign with everything that is necessary. But it is also true that when these needs occur unexpectedly, it is not always easy to satisfy them in the measure desired; and for these reasons I ought to receive with the warmest gratitude the good assistance of patriotic associations, which have a similar object to that of the Seciety of Hallo. In general for societies to be useful they must display a great activity everywhere and in every way, and it is desirable that a general impulse be given in this direction.
“ Prussia, it is my conviction, finds herself on the threshold of important decisions. There is in question not only in the actual moment a local strife for a special end, but the whole political future of our dear country. Consequently, nothing is more urgent, more indispensable, than to unite the national forces for the inviolable maintenance of its honour, for the increase as much as possible of its political importance. It is only on condition that each individual does resolutely what is possible for him in his sphereto attain the great ends proposed, that these ends will be attainable in spite of the hostile conduct of discordant parties. And with Divine assistance these ends shall be attained.
“ I do not hesitate to authorise you to make what use you please of this reply, and give you the assurance of my distinguished consideration. “ The Minister of War and Finance,
“Berlin, Jan. 2.” “ Von Roux."
cincts, and whether he was aware that a certain commission, composed
of borough magistrates, had sat for the purpose of inquiring info the state of mind of the convict Townley? He believed that the report of that commission had led to an event which was deeply deplored throughout the country, and that the certificates signed by those justicns had materially influenced Sir George Grey in his decision. He would not say that it had been entirel instrumental in obtaining the escape of Townley, because it was wellknown that another and higher commission had sat, with a view to ascertain the state of mind of this unhappy man, but it evidently had had an efl'ect. This had led to a result which, as ho had before said, was deeply to be deplored; and the Act of Parliament had been made use of by those interested in the defence of Townley to introduce into the gaol a. commission formed of certain justices who had previously formed and expressed an opinion upon the case which they were to investigate, and he need not say that it was highly important to the community that such investigations should be conducted by persons who are perfectly unbiassed. He found that those magistrates had previously, one and all, signed a memorial stating it to be their opinion that the convict was insane,and praying Sir George Grey to send a commission to inquire into the state of his mind ; these were the gentlemen who were called in to give the country an unbiassed opinion upon a case of this importance. Two medical men had assisted them in afiiviug at this opinion; one of them was the partner of another medical gentleman in that town who gave most powerful evidence in favour of the prisoner, and who holds the oflice of surgeon to the gaol, and who himself had previously signed this petition ; with regard to the other surgeon it would be only necessary to remark that he too had signed the same document. In such a case as this the public are entitled to be made thoroughly acquainted with all the facts of the case, and they have a right to demand that such a commission should be properly selected. It ought to have gone through its proper channel, that of the visiting justices. lle greatly feared that this deviation from the proper course had led to a signal failure ofjustice. It gave just grounds for a suspicion on the part of the general public that the rich rnau does not reap the same punishment for his crimes as the poor man does, and that such an idea should gain ground was much to be lamented. He thought that any act which they as a body of magistrates could do in order to manifest their disapproval of the present very unsatisfactory state of things ought to be done. A murder had been committed, and the murderer has been tried in open court, found guilty, and sentenced to death. The jury by their verdict declared themselves satisfied with the evidence as to the prisoner's responsibility, tbejudge declared himself satisfied with that verdict, and, after all that a secret tribunal was sent down by the Home Office to report as to the prisoner's sanity. He called the attention of the court to a remoustrance which had been framed and which the clerk ofthe peace read- It was addressed to Sir George Grey, as Secretary of State for the Home Department, and after stating the facts concluded as follows: "In this and other like cases the prisoner has been tried by a judge andjury, acting under the sanction of an oath, aided by counsel employed on both sides, witnesses examined and cross-examined, all in open court. We think, that respect for trial by jury, and confidence in the pure administration of justice, will be seriously weakened ifa verdict and sentence following such a fair and solemn trial may, in this or any other criminal case be interfered with by any inquiry less public and complete than the trial itself. “'0, therefore, more respectfully trust, also most earnestly urge upon you the propriety and necessity of abstaining to act upon this private and. cxpurto information, and of causing a full inquiry to be made into the matters referred to by some responsible authority, and in as public, fair, and complete a manner as criminal trials are conducted." The document was signed by upwards of forty magistrates.
Mr Mandy said that he was glad that Mr Crompton had given him an opportunity of explaining the part he had taken in the matter. The visiting justices felt aggrieved and much surprised that they were not informed by the surgeon of the gaol, when he changed his mind upon the subject of the prisoner Townley's sanity or insanity; he having given evidence that he considered the prisoner to be insane, although he had previously given his opinion that he was perfectly same. The justices had caused a minute to be ordered to that effect. As chainnau of the visiting justices, he had been applied to by Towuley's friends to allow them to see him, and he could not refuse so natural a request. 00 the day after Christmas day he received a request from the prisoner’s solicitor to allow certain persons to examine him, with a view to induce the Home Office to send down a commission of lunacy. Upon returning, aftera short absence, he was surprised to find that that commission had already arrived, so that Mr Sims very properly refused to allow any other interview until those investigations were concluded. They had every opportunity of making those investigations afforded to them, and of satisfying themselves as to his condition. After this, it would seem that the visit of the other justices was uncalled for and unnecessary, but, nevertheless, they did see him. On Tuesday the prisoner‘s solicitor came to the gaol to ask permission for the other commission to see the prisoner, and Mr Sims referred him to the chairman (Mr Evans), and leave was granted. It seemed to him (Mr Mandy) that this visit was cntirel y a work of supererogation, and after the report of the other commission it appeared perfectly unnecessary for any local gentlemen to have any interviews with the prisoner, the regularly formed commission having superior authority.
After some discussion, the Chairman put the question whether the remoustrance be adopted, and it was carried unauirnously.
A'r run Maxsron House, on Monday, Henry Horace Linguarde, a man of 30, described as an actor, and as residing at Butler-street buildings, East Smithfield, was placed at the bar, before the Lord Mayor, charged with swindling. J. Millhouse, manager to Messrs Mills, clothiers in Aldgate, deposed that, on the afternoon of Saturday, the prisoner, who was a stranger to them, came to their shop and asked to see some ready-made clothes. He was shown some in the presence 0f witness, and selected a few coats, waistcoats, and trowsers, to the amount of 211. 17s. A bill was made out and the prisoner said he would write a cheque for the amount, which he did upon a half sheet of note-paper, on the Provident Savings Bank in St Martin’s lane. He tried on the clothes and at length kept on one suit which he approved, consisting of a great coat, coat, waistcoat, and trowsers. He then asked to see other goods in the hosiery department, and, while some were being shown to him, witness sent off the cheque he had given to be cashed. In the hosiery department the prisoner selected shirts, stockings, and other articles to the amount in the whole of 581. 14s. While he was so engaged he complained of being thirsty, and witness supplin him with some wine and a cigar. He directed the whole of the goods he had chosen, except those in which he stood, to be sent to 4 Ovington square, Brompton, where he said he was residing with his wife. Witness had told him he should at once send the cheque and get the money. Before the messenger returned the prisoner asked to be recommended to a place in the neighbourhood where he could dine, and witness mentioned the name of a house a few doors off. The prisoner invited him to dine with him, which witness agreed to do, not liking to lose sight of him so long as the prisoner was wearing one of the suits of clothes he had selected, and as the messenger, who had been sent to get the cheque cashed, had not returned. After they had dined the prisoner was going out without paying the bill, amounting to 8s. 7d., and on witness remarking that it had not been paid the prisoner told him to pay the amount and put it down to his account. Witness thereupon paid the bill, and the prisoner and he returned together to the shop. There witness was told by the messenger, who
had by that time returned, that the bank having closed the cheque had not been paid. He told the prisoner what the messenger had said, adding that as the cheque had not been paid he should expect him to pay at once for the clothes ho was wearing. The prisoner said he had no ‘money about him, but that if witness would ride with him in his carriage, which was at the door, to Ovington square, he would pay for the articles he had on, and hand him a cheque upon Messrs Coutts for the balance, amounting to 691. 9s 6d. On that understanding the cheque he had given on the Provident Bank was to be returned to him, and the goods he had ordered wereto be sent to Ovington square. He afterwards told witness he had a balance of 2001. at the bank of Messrs Coutts. Witness went with him in his carriage to 4 Ovington square, where the prisoner got out and rapped at the door, followed by witness. On the door being opened the prisoner asked for some one by a name. The servant requested him to repeat the name, which he did, when an answer was given in the negative and the door shut. The prisoner, accompanied by witness, returned to the carriage, and directed the ooachman to drive to some livery stables in the neighbourhood of Russell square, which he did. On arriving there the prisoncr got out i and was going away without paying for the hire of the carriage, for a hired one it happened to be, when the proprietor presented hnnsclf and asked to be paid. The prisoner sought to excuse himself by saying he had no money. The reply was that the preprietor must have the prisoner's watch or some other security. The prisoner said he had nothing to offer in that way, upon which the proprietor demanded his
two inches long and two inches deep; the femoral artery had been severed, and the flesh and sinews Were much lecerated. At the inquest held on Saturday, it was proved that the boar had never before shown any signs of viciousness, but had frequently been left to wander about the yard and in the lanes, without attempting to do any one injury. The jury returned a verdict of “ Accidental death," in accordance with the circumstances. The boar was shot next day.
Tn: waacx or area Muss'rr‘s ounaoa'r Lrvznr, which was reported last week, occurred near Oostmahon. on the Texel range of the Dutch coast, whither she had been sent in search of the missing trawling smacks from the north-east coast of England. The Licch left Berwick in pursuance of directions from the Lords of the Admiralty, and steamed right across the North Sea. She enconntered the most fearful weather. On nearing the Dutch coast the was struck by a terrific sea, which swept over the vessel and rushed down the hatchwnys. It was then discOverr-d that she had suddenly gone into shallow water. The gale kept increasing, the sea rising higher and higher.
"The vessel was running as well as she could, in order to clear the ‘ ground, but the engines at times were nearly immersed in water, and
as it was clear the steamer would founder if she remained in deep water. her head was turned towards the shore, so as to run her aground, the only chance of escape which remained for those who were on board. The next moment after her course was changed, a tremendous sea
coat. To that witness strongly objected, telling the proprietor that the ellugllt the ship, and very nearly washed every one on deck overboard. clothes the prisoner was wearing belonged to Messrs Mills, his cmploy- ' Some Of her man were much hurt. In a few minutes the steamer era. The prisoner, in spite of tho remonstrance, took off the under- bumped on the ground, and the fidling tide soon left her waterlogged coat and left it in pled e for 25s., the charge for the use of the car- I 0n the lands. The crew were then employed in freeing the vessel of rings. The value of r 9 cont was 275, On the suggestion of the y the water that was in her, and guns were frequently fired during the prisoner, they took a cab in the emergency to call upon his sister, who, , "Isl", bl}! no assistance arrived. The tide again came up, with a he said, resided in East Smithfield ; but on arriving there witness, not‘ heavy Wind and sea. The crew were preparing to make a raft, when
liking the neighbourhood, made an excuse to Call at his master's premises before they went further, and the prisoner and he then returned together to the shop in Aldgate. There he told the prisoner he believed he had come there with a determination to swindle them, and he asked him to take 05' the things that belonged to them, which the prisoner did, and witness sent for a policeman and gave him in charge. The case was then remanded, and the prisoner asked, with the coolest efi'rontcry, whether he would be admitted to bail. The Lord Mayor said certainly not, when the prisoner said, in a very off-hand manner, “Very well, then I shall immediately commence an action against those parties." He was then removed to the cells. l
A FLAGBAN'I‘ manner: on THE onoarv-onrxmxo NUlSANCE , was brought forward in the Marylcbonc Court on Monday. Mr Lee, i a gentleman residing at 82 Maldon road, Kontish Town, made the l following statement to Mr Knox: He said he had a daughter, aged 3 nineteen, lying at the point of death ; five doors from his house was al baker’s shop, which first commenced business last Saturday. The proprietor inaugurated the business by having about a dozen men play- ‘ ing in front of his house on brass instruments from half-past four in the afternoon to ten o’clock in the evening, when they went inside the shop, where they kept playing until midnight. He did not arrive home until eight at night, when he immediately sent his servant to ask them to discontinue playing, giving his reason for making the request. They refused. He then explained the case to acoustable, and insisted on his removing tho nuisance. The constable went away, but instead ofstopping the noise he fraternised and joked with the players. Illness had had the effect of making his daughter extremely nervous, and he had no doubt that the tumult ofSaturdny night would hasten her end. He now asked if he had any means of redress. He did not know the number of the constable, but he would be able to recognise him.—Mr Knox: It. is not for me to prejudge a case, but if this be true it is indeed most scandalous. At any rate, it must be thoroughly inquired into. A sergeant of the S division said Maldon road was on his section. Mr Knox directed him to make a searching investigation, and to report to him upon it at a future day.
THE CHAPTER OF ACCIDENTS.
A DBEADFUL nxrnosrorr took place at a ladies' school, kept by Miss Collins, in St Mary‘s place, Stamford, on Monday evening. In the scullery. on the ground floor, was a small boiler of the saddle shape, capable of containing about two gallons. 'It was used for the purpose of supplying hot water to a bath on an upper story. On Monday morning a fire was lighted under the boiler with the view of preventing the water in the pipes from freezing. About four o'clock in the afternoon the attention of Miss Collins was directed to the boiler, owing to the fact that the water in the bath-room still remained cold. She had not left the scullsry more than five minutes when a terrific explosion took place, alarming the whole neighbourhood. As soon as the smoke and steam had subsided the scullery was entered. On the floor lay the lifeless body of Arthur E. B. Barston, aged about twenty, whose sister is a teacher at Miss Collins’s. Near him was the cook, Charlotte Billing, aged twenty-two, who it was at first feared had been killed also, but on further examination it was found that she was still alive. She was conveyed on a stretcher to the infirmary, where she now lies in a precarious state, suffering from a compound fracture of the thigh . and various other injuries. The deceased had been skating on Burghley pond during the afternoon, and on his return called with his sister at Miss Collins's, when it is supposed that his attention was attracted by a suspicious noise made by the boiler, and that ho had gone to look at it. The door and window of the scullery were blown , out, and almost everything in the place was destroyed. The effect of the concussion extended to the adjoining kitchen, where a large ' number of pots were thrown down and broken. An inquest was opened the same night before Mr After, the borough coroner. The 1 body of the deceased presented a shocking appearance. Miss Collins,I was the only witness examined. Having described the explosion an ‘ its effects, she stated that the bath was last used about three weeks ago, just before the Christmas holydays; it then worked vt-ry well. In consequence of the frost she had had a fire lighted under the boiler on Saturday and Sunday last, and again on Monday morning. About five minutes before the explosion she went to look at the boiler, thinking that something was wrong, because the water in the bathroom was cold, notwithstanding that there had been a fire some hours. i She was about to send for a plumber when the accident occurred. A juror expressed his opinion that there was ice in the pipes leading from the boiler to the bath, and that the circulation of the steam was thus prevented. The inquiry was adjourned in order that a scientific examination might be made.
ON Nzw Ynan’s DAY, aman named Seeds, employed as cowman on the home farm of Mr Howard of Grcystoke Castle, was killed b a boar. The deceased, who was thirty-four years of age, had been emp oyed on that day in cleaning out the stye occupied by a boar, which he turned out into the yard. When he had removed the litter, he went to drive the animal back into its house. He found that it had strayed towards a gate leading to an adjoining field, whereupon he took a hazel stick in his hand, and finding that the boar refused to move he struck it several times upon the head. This seems to have irritated the animal, which, raising itself upon its hinder parts, gored him severely in the thigh with its tasks. The man called for help, and the dairymaid, hearing his cries, went out with a. stick to his assistance. She heard the man call out “ I'm dying," and saw blood running from his leg. When he had gone about a dozen paces he fell down and died. Mr Barker, steward, and Sir J. Ogilvie, who was on a visit to the Castle, had by this time reached the spot, having been attracted by the cries of the deceased, but their services were now, of course, of no avail. It was found that the fatal wound in the thigh was about
[ country clergyman.
l Admiralty have already forwarded a powerful steamer to her aid.
In his address at the inauguration of the Goldsmith statute at Dublin, on Tuesday, Lord Carlisle said: “ We contemplate a career (Goldsmith's) not free from imprudonce, from error, or even from ridicule, but redeemed by the most guileless simplicity, by the most We contemplate a genius of which no more accurate or pithy summary can be given than in the words which his great friend, Dr Johnson, inscribed upon the stone which bears his name in Westminster Abbey: "I‘here was no style of composition which he did not essay—none he assayed which he did not adorn.’ But of so
romantic benevolence, and by the most manly independence.
much variety and so much excellence, if I were called upon to select the most striking specimens, I should naturally name “The Deserted Village,‘ ‘Thc Traveller,’ and above all, perhaps, ‘The Vicar of Wakefield.’ Why the walls of the Royal Academy ‘lof England would not know themselves if a single year came ‘round without exhibiting a subject from ‘The Vicar of \Vakeficld.’ Still, novelist, historian, satirist, essayist, dramatist, as he may be, it is mainly as a poet that we represent to ourselves Oliver Goldsmith. If I were to search for an adjective by which to distinguish his poetry, I do not think I could find one so fitting as ‘exquisite.’ Others have soared to greater heights, and shed intenser light in the poetical heaven; but where was ever combined more perfect rhythm, more mellow harmony, more refined simplicity, more graceful truth? Short as my limits must needs be. I would justify my praise by the most convincing process I could use, by recalling a few notes of music of his strain to your, I am sure, not unaccustomed ears. Take the decline of a virtuous old age-lines I once heard with singular effect applied by Lord Brougham to Mr Wilberforce. (Here his Excellency repeated the passage commencing with the line, ‘For him no wretches born to work and weep.’) From this it is no violent transition to the It is very refreshing to observe how Goldsmith, amidst all his own irregularities and weaknesses, cherished in his heart ofhcarts the most genuine and fervid sympathy with goodness. In the case before us this feeling is probably heightened by both his filial and fraternal afi'ectiOn. (Here his Excellency quoted the passage commencing, ‘At church, with meek and unaffected grace,’ and proceeded.) Goldsmith had a most happy gift of satire. - I consider Pope to have been the greatest master that ever lived, both of the most exquisite panegyric and one of the most fierce and flaying Between these two extremes Goldsmith could hit 05' the character of his acquaintance with a touch that was keen, incisive, but never ungeutle. Thus, he said, of his great friend Edmund Burke, of whom I shall still have to say a word more. (Ills Excellency here quoted the passage beginning with the line ‘Ilcre lies our great Edmund, whose genius was such.') Then of Garrick—
Here lies David Garrick, describe him who can,
It is difficult to say in these instances whether the praise or blame predominates, as must naturally happen when mixed characters are the subject, save only when he comes to Sir Joshua Reynolds, of whom he felt and delighted to feel, that there was nothing but praise to be spoken. I remember no English poet—except, indeed, it be Milton—who made more harmonious use of proper names in his verses. (His Excellency repeated the lines in which occur ‘ 0n Idra's cliff, as Arno‘s shelvy side.’) I remember consoling myself with that couplet for a whole day when I was becalrned 05 the mouth of the Altama. But, above all, the passage I quote too, for other reasons, not the least of these
being that it seems to me to be strung to the highest chord in the whole compass of his lyre—
And then, sweet Poetry! thou loveliest maid, 8:0.
Hence the full burst of harmony—
Farewell! and, oh, where'cr thy voice be tried, (kc.
Well, these tables are turned, at all events. Why are we not here today, the goodliest of the city—rank, amiability, talent, beauty—but to pay honour to what he thought neglected and decried, to what was his shame in crowds? Here, in front of his own university, where he was the obscure sizar, but where he has given occasion to every aizar since to feel proud of his position ; even here, where we are told that he was laid prostrate on the floor by his brutal tutor Mr Wilder—there are no such tutors in Trinity College now, the home of all dignified and gentle learning, under the mild survey of the venerable provost; even here we are gathered round the poet's status before London has erected a single statue in the open air to any of England's mighty bards. Mr Foley has amply atoued for Mr Wilder."
Low An'r.-“ Give me," he used to say, when declaring his tastes —“givo me a pictur that represents something I can understand. I don‘t care twopence for Allcgories, or whatever you call ’em ; Sacred subjects, in my opinion, is impious, and the Historicals is all bosh. How doI know what they mean unless I've read all about 'em in books? If I’d wasted my time in reading instead of attending to business, where should I have been? A pauper in the Union, most likely i No, no, catch me at that sort of fun. I've quite enough to do to read my ledger and make that all straight. Now for picturs, what’s the use of 'cm, I should like to know, if they don't set before your
eyes the likenesses of what you meets with every day ! A chap that can paint mo a lobsterjust as I see him crawling over my marble slab, —or a dog a gnawing of a bone like the one down at my lodge,—or the inside of my shop in Thames street,—or my coach and 'orscs,—or anything else that I can handle and look at,—ho'a the man for my money : he's the painter for me! That's the reason why I deal with l’ith, now, and such as him. When they made Pith a member of the Royal Academy they did the right thing for once. He gives ‘om natur, and natur in a pictur is what I goes in for." The soundness of this critical canon there is no disputing. As much nature as you please! Indeed, let all be as natural as art can accomlish. But, unless you exhibit more taste in following nature than was observed by those whom Mr Hardback Pfllfullllt'd, you will not reatly advance the interest or develop the true principles of Art. ’ith, whose pictures lined Mr Hardback's walls, was a clever fellow, no doubt. He possessed great imitative power and much manipulative skill, but he had a vulgar mind, and all his works were tainted by vulgarity. His great picture, “The Fight between Human and Tom Sayers," which attracted such crowds the year it was exhibited, and which Mr Hardback bought for a thousand guineae, was a striking example of his style. The action of the pugilieta was unimpoachable, every muscle was admirably developed, the expression of their countenance: was as rufianly as the most ardent patron of the Ring could desire; and so of the assembled rascaldom that filled the rest of the canvas. There was not a low follow in London who might not exultingly have pointed to his portrait in this work of Art as a perfect likeness, mental as well as physical, and on account of its wonderful truth, which was all Mr Hardback cared for, this picture occupied the most conspicuous place in his dining-room. “ The Oyster-shop in the Haymarkct," also by Pith, was another favourite of his, and cost him nearly as much as “ The Fight." It was the chief ornament of Mr Hardback’s drawing-room, greatly to his delight, though exceedingly to the annoyance of his daughter Arabella, nor—it must be added—much to the satisfaction of Mrs Nibbletit, who said, and truly said, that it was “ full of shocking things.”
“Look at the cabman tossing ofi'a glass of gin," ran Mr Hardback's eulogy: “ never was anything better painted than that ; you can tell it's gin by the twinkle of his eye, though he has only one; and that walerman, blowing the froth off a pot of stout—just as I’ve done myself, many and many a time—ain't that natur? Then the tipsy swell, in the corner there, trying to light his pipe at the gaslight, with the cove behind him picking of his pocket; and them gay ladies with the red feathers in their little hats, drinking sherry and brandy-and-water, you can almost hear 'cm laugh, they do it so natural. Here's another bit. Look at that sister-knife! You could take it up and open with it. I never see the pictur but I feel inclined to."—' Mr Grimshaw's Little Love Affair,‘ in Bentley’s Miscellany for January.
TIMES awn Tamas—The immediate effect of severe cold upon the public health has been very clearly indicated in the figures collt-ctcd by the Registrar-General: it is seen in the great increase of respiratory affections, and an enhanced mortality amongst persons of advanced age. The cold weather which has just declared itself is, honevcr, pronounced by some of those who profess to be capable of forming opinions on this difficult and uncertain subject, as likely to be continuous as well as intense. We are threatened, in fact, with a recurrence of a winter such as that of 18l3-14— a season of severe and enduring frost. If this prognostication should be verified, it will afford occasion for a medical study of much interest and importance. It has been stated by competent observe-rs, that the effect of such a season has been to bring about a change in the type of disease. Lately, London has suffered under a prevalence of epidemic disease of low type ; and even ordinary diseases have for some years shown asthcnic characters, which are said to differ very widely from the characters observed by our fathers. Periods of cold have been considered to destroy this nsthenic type of disease; and in this way it is said that changes of doctrines in therapeutics, such as the adoption or rejection of the practice of venesectiOn, may be satisfactorily explained. It remains to be seen whether the present season will afford occasion for carrying out this important inquiry. If we should have a long and very cold winter, the attention of practitioners will be profitably directed towards the study of the type of disease as presented during the period of frost and subsequent to its cessation.— The Lancet.
Cnma.-—The following telegram, dated Suez, Dec. 31, has been received 2 “ Prince Kong having refused to ratify the agreement. made by Mr Lay with Captain Osborn, Captain Osborn proceeded to disband his force. The European Ministers protested against Prince Kung having the ships on his own terms, and Prince Kung then requested Mr Bruce to sell the ships for him. Mr Bruce having requested Captain Osborn to undertake their disposal, a part of the squadron were to sail for England, and Captain Osborn, with the Keangsoo, Quontung, and Amoy, had sailed for Bombay. Captain Osborn may be shortly expected in England."
Tun Snaxsrann CELEBRATION AND rna LATE Ma Tnacxnaar. -—A meeting of the General Committee, which has charged itself with the duty of duly celebrating the tercentenary of Shakspere, was held on Monday, when the subject of the motion adopted last meeting, refusing to invite Mr Thackeray to be one of the vice-presidents, was brought under discussion on the minutes of last meeting being read for approval. It was moved that the record of the vote referred to be expuugod from the minute. Mr Hepworth Dixon, in supporting this proposal, said he should infinitely regret that there should remain on the records of a committee like theirs any such entry as that to which reference had been made. That proposition, he believed, was made in haste. It was said, on one side, that there was a misapprehension with regard to the character of it. He was perfectly certain that under the circumstances all regretted that it had been made. He expressed an individual opinion when he said that he never thought of contesting Mr Thackeray’s high claims, or his right to any place on that committee to which they thought proper to appoint him. He believed the whole thing had arisen in a misrepresentation about the form in which the invitation should be sent. He would therefore propose that the chairman be authorised to erase that entry from the minutes before confirming them, so that the book, which would certainly some day be deposiled in the British Museum, and remain as a permanent record of the committee, should not bear on the face of it an entry which was the result of haste, and which was certainly a matter of very profound regret. Mr George Cruikshank seconded the resolution. A discussion then took place, when it was thought that the case should be met by a declaratory resolution, and not by an erasure of the minutes, and a
' resolution was eventually carried :--“ That the general committee deeply deplore the premature decease of Mr Thackeray, and regret that circumstances should have occurred to prevent the enrolment of his name in the list of vice-presidents.”
Tun Sxana (N onwnoran) Sinvnu anro Couraxr, with a capital of 50,0001., in shares of 2!. each,is before the public. The object of this company is to work the well-known native silver mines of Norway, known as the “ Skara Mines," which are seventeen in number, and comprise an area of upwards of 75,000 acres, lying about seven English miles north-east of the city of Kongsberg, the seat of the Government mining direction, about forty milcs from Christiania, the capital of Norway, and about twenty miles from the seaport of Drainmen. from whence there is steam communication to within seven miles of Shara, leaving only that distance of land carriage to and from the mines. The exclusive rights over all the precious metals in the entire district are held by the present proprietors in perpetuity undersgrant direct from the King of Swaden and Norway, at a nominal rent of sixty specie thalers (about 161.) per annum, and they will be conveyed to the company by the vendors for l5,000!., 10,5001. payable in fully paid up shares, which are only to be entitled
to dividends on the amount called up on the other shares, and the remaining 5,0001., which will include all their outlay uptotbe present time, by instalments extending over several years. The prospectus further shows that other Norwegian mines have made very large returns, and states that the manager of the Government mines in Norway has, by permission, joined the board of this company.
VISCOUNT VALENTIA died on the 30th ult., at Bletchington park, near Woodstock, in his seventy-ninth year. He was the eldest son of Mr Arthur Annesley, (fourth in descent from the Hon. Francis, sixth son of Francis, first viscount), and on the death of the second Earl of Mountnorris, in 1844, succeeded to the original Irish titles conferred in 1622 and 1628. He married in 1808 Eleanor, daughter of Mr H. O’Brien, ofBlatherwick park, Northunts, by whom, who died in June, 1843, he had a large family. He is succeeded by his grandson, Arthur, only son of the late Hon. Arthur Annosley, born in 1842.
Mrss Amour CAMPBELL, only sister of the late Lord Clyde, died rather suddenly at her residence, No. 4 Stanhope street, Hyde park, on the 30th nlt., aged sixty-seven.
Mauon-annnan Wanronx, 11.13., died on Monday, in Charles street, St James's, aged sixty-seven. He had been in active service since 1816.
Amsmar. or run Fnanr Sin W. H. Gaoa, G.C-B., G.C.11., died on Tuesday at his counnty seat in Norfolk, in his eighty-seventh year. He was the third and youngest son of the first Viscount Gags, and entered the navy in 1789. He was midshipmau of the Princess Royal in Lord Ilotham’s actions in 1795, and of the Bad/brd at the recapture of the (know by the French squadron; was lieutenant ofthc MiMNM at the capture of the Sabina and action with the Ceres, Spanish frigate; and off Cape St Vincent commanded the boats of the Minerva. He was captain of tho Tcrpsickore at the capture of the French vessels in Tunis Bay, and was also at the blockade of Malta. As captain of the Urania, was present when the boats of that vessel assisted in cutting out the Chem-em from under the batteries of Camsret, near Brest. He subsequently commanded the Tlu'h's and the Indus. From September, 1841, to July, 1846, during Sir Robert Peel’s Government, he filled the office of one of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty; and from 15-18 to 1851 held the post of Commandor-in-Chiof at Plymouth.
Amman. Arscouon, whose death took place a few days since, was the oldest officer in the service. He was born on board her Majesty's ship Swan, during a desperate action fought by that vessel while on her passage home from North America, and was son of the late Capt. Ayscough, who commanded the Swan on the Occasion. This officer entered the navy in 1787, and served with great distinction, throughout the long war with France, in all parts of the world.
MR COMDE, the police magistrate, died on Thursday, aged seventyfive. On the 11th of December last he was transacting business at the Southwark l’olicc Court, apparently in his usual health; on the Saturday he was taken unwell with a cold, and on Monday fever intervened and caused a complete prostration of the system. His death was daily expected, but he seemed to rally, and on Monday last information was received at his Court that he was recovering. On Tuesday he was visited by Mr Burchum, his colleague, who found him much exhausted, a relapse having taken place, and then all hopes of recovery were gone. He was called to the Bar at Gray's Inn on the 19th of November, 1813. He was a Chancery barrister, and was a few years ago elected a bencher at his own inn. He was first appointed a metropolitan police magistrate at the time Of Lord Melbourne’s Government, in 1833. He first sat at the Thames Police Court with Mr Balluntins; afterwards he sat occasionally at Lsmbeth-street Police Court, and
than he was appointed to Hutton garden; thence be removed to the new Clerkenwcll Police Court, and in 1851 he at his own request came to Southwark Court, in lieu of the late Mr Seeker, who was removed to Greenwich. During the time Mr Combo presided at Southwark he was much respected by the Bar and all who had business at the Court.
The Berlin papers record the death of the King’s head gardener (Fmrnusamv) at Charlottenburg, on Christmwday, at the age of ninety. When young, he was employed at Sans Souci, and he loved to tell how Frederick the Great used to point to the finest figs with his cane and make him fetch them down from the trees. It was he who cultivated the first dahlias, which Alexander von Humboldt introduced into Prussia, and to him are due the chief attractions of the gardens on Peacock's Island, near Potsdam, the favourite resort of Frederick William III.
Tris: WILL of G. Hobson, Esq., of Westbourno road, was proved in the London Court under 100,000l. personalty. He has bequeathed the bulk of his property, with the exception of an annuity of 5001., to be held in trust by his executors for the benefit of his son, including the lestator's interest and share in the business and firm of Messrs Reid and (30., brewers-his sen receiving 400]. a year during hisminority.—Tho will of W. Gardner, Esq., of Sussex gardens, Hyde park, was proved in London, under 200,000L personalty, by his brother, 11. Gardner, 11511., the solo executor, to whom he has intrusted the whole of his property, making a provision for his (testator's) wife, and leaving to his (testator's) niece a life interest in the sum of 60,000L—The will of G. E. Russell, Esq., late in the Madras Civil Service, was proved in the London Court under 70,0001. pcrsonalty. To his wife the testator has left an annuity of l,000!., with all the furniture; the plate, paintings, and books, upon her deceaso, to become the property of his eldest son. To his sons he leaves the residue of his estate, bequeathiug to the children ofhis late daughter, Mrs Hill, 10,0001. ; to his daughter, Jane Leonora, 15,0001.; together with certain contingent interests to his children; and an annuity of 2501. to his sister, Leonora Russell.
THEATRE ROYAL. DR UBY LANE. Mann ers, Messrs EDMUND FALCONEII. and F. B. CHATTER 1N.
Morning Performance of the Pantomime next Wednesday at Two o‘clock, when the Boys of the Duke of York's Schoo with their hand willattcnd.
On Monday and following nights, is Now Scrio-Comic Drama, b Edmund Falconer, entitled NIGHT AND MORN. 'ncipal characters by Mr Phelps. Messrs Ryder, Ra nor, Fitzjamcs. kc; Misses IL Leclerc . Atkinson, an Heath. After which the GREAT DR RY LANE ANNUAL, in the form of n GRAND COMIC CHRISTMAS PANTOMIME, entitled SINDBAD THE SAILOR,
sraucu MANUFACTURERS T0 ELK. THE PRINCESS 0F wants
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AND AWARDED THE PRIZE MEDAL, 1862.
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