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SPEECH OF THE FRENCH EMPEROR.
between glory and liberty—the glory which is not consistent with economy, but which exacts and loves heavy budgets, or the liberty
The ceremony ofconferring the Cardinal's but upon Monseigneur do which makes glory useless." M. Emile Ollivier sat down also amid Bonnechoso took place on Thursday. The Cardinal having addressed great applause, The result, of the debate is known,
the Emperor, his Majesty replied as follows :—
Intcrcsting as the preceding speeches were, they were only looked
“ I have reason to say that honours are heavy burden! imposed upon upon in Paris as the precursors of the great effort to be made by M. us by Providence, which increases duties in proportion to rank. I often Thiers in discussing the addrcsa—an effort in which he fully mainask myself, therefore, ifgood is not as great a tribulation as ill fortune. tnincd his old oratorical fame. On Monday the debate came on, and it But our guide and support is religious faith coupled with political faith, being known that M. Thiers was to speak first, the Sallo des Pas confidence in God, and confidence in a mission to accomplish You Perdus of the Corps Législatif exhibited at an early hour all the may be astonished, as I am, to see at so short an interval men. hardly hustle and animation of the old Parliamentary times. Groups of escaped from shipwreck, again call winds and tempest! to their assist- eager political gossips began to form so soon as twelve o’clock. By ance. God protects Franco too visibly to permit. the spirit of evil to one o'clock every seat in the tribune: was occupied. Prince Napoleon 01106 more call forth agitation. The BCOPQ Of our Constitution is widely was nmongst the senator! who sat on the bench [curved for memberg marked out. Every honest man can feel himself at ease within it! of the upper chamber. M. Dupin, the Marquis de Boissy, and General
bounds. Nearly every one can have the opportunity of expressing his Fleury were also there,
Several defeated candidates at the last
ideas, of controlling the acts of the Government, and of taking an equi- election, and among them M, Casimm- Pei-icy, were favoured with table part in public affairs. Exclusion no longer exists. The clergy places in the tribune. As soon as the Duke do Moray took tho chair,
are not only at liberty to occupy themselves with religious questions,
and the minutes of the last sitting had been confirmed, M. Thiers rose,
but eminent chiefs still find legitimate place in the highest body of the .nd amidst profound silence spoke as follows:
State, into which you will bring a spirit of conciliation, which does not
separate the cause of religion from that of country ; a spirit of tolerance,
I lately told you that I should very soon ask leave to speak of the homo policy of the country, and that I should take this opportunity to
which attracts and persuades, and a love of a country, which left 88 to offer some personal explanations as to the reasons for my presence in
draw closer those separated by difference of opinion.“
After an enforced silence of twelve years the voices of MM. Berrysr and Thiers have again been heard in F mace, and these great orators have been wortbil sustained by MM. Emile Ollivier and Jules Favre. the principal sp ers of the “ Five " who, up to the present session, have constituted the Opposition in the Corps Lc'gislatif. We take from the Paris correspondence of our own daily papers an outline of the late debates, on tho “ Supplemental Credits Bill" and the Address.
Of the character of M. Berryer‘s speech on the first question the Jim‘ correspondent says: "M. Berryer’s speech on the supplemental credits was listened to by ti 0 Legislative Corps with the greatest interest, not greater, however, than it deserved. T hero were no signs of impatience, no of those intemlptioas which the more obscquious or the more servile love to throw in the way of aspeaker of the Opposition to confuse, or to silence him. The gravest, tho most respectable, the most intelligent, listened with tho profoundcst attention, and the trifling and insignificant were kept, as it were, in awe b the voice and the eye of the orator. Even the President himself, did not venture even once on the slightest flippancy. Whatever murmurs were heard were to all appearance those ofpleasuro that so prosaic a topic as the supplemental credits could be made so interesting. M. Borrycr‘s speech showed all the qualities of his great talents. It was free from unnecessary ornament; it was simple, precise, and lucid. His facts were arranged in admirahls order; his figures set forth so clearly as to attract, instead of wearying, his auditory; and, though hero and the:o the initiated could detect a. certain irony which imparted a piqnancy to it, his language was moderate throughout. His political adversaries themselves admitted that the twelve years which have elapsed since his voice was heard in the French Assembly have not weakened the effect of his oratory ; and even they could not but. feel proud that Berryer, now in his seventy-fifth year, was the Berrycr whose words so long captivated Tribunals and Parliaments. The picture he drew 0f the ruin which awaited a country,—with aload such as pressed upon the finances of France,—rushiug into a European war, produced much sensation in the Chamber. " I speak," he said, " with no feeling of animosity; I speak from the dictates of my conscience, and in all honour. At the age which I have attained the future is not for me. I am moved by no personal COHSldt‘I‘lIIlOIlS; but I shall ever rcmaiu faithful to my passion for the noble and happy destinies of my country.” When he resumed his seat, after these words, approbation was general; and from many benches, even those not far from where the representatives of the Government were seated, there was a burst of applause, which did not soon subside. The deputies rose and moved from their places under the excitement of the moment, and the proceedings were suspended for at least a quarter of an hour.
M. Berryer was followed by M. Emile Ollivier, who answered one by one the arguments of M. Gouin, and contended, contrary to M. Gouin's opinion, the past was most useful as a lesson and a guide for the present and the future. A murmur, which did not seem to be one of disapprobation, rose when M. Ollivier spoke of tho necessity of disarming. “To assure peace," he said, “ it was not enough to applaud the idea of summoning to a Congress all the Sovereigns to obtain from them sacrifices and disarming. The notion of a general Peace Congress is a very noble one; and fron the time of the Abbé St Pierre to MM. Cobdcn and Girardin it has seduced noble minds. The merit is not its more repetition, but the re idering it feasible. But to do so there is but one way to assure for us the most efficacious economy, and that is the reduction of our nrmamerts—to disarm—to be the very first to disarm—and to do so courageously and sincerely. There are two modes of always endangering influence with other nations. The one is to be too weak ; the other to be too strong. The nation that is too weak is despised, and its opinion has no weight. The nation that is too strong is feared, and then those who would naturally be disunited by a feeling of prudence, approach each other and units against those they fear. The danger of France in Europe at this moment comes from her being too strong. The consequence is that every time she treats, every time she acts, whatever proposal she makes, people suppose that she has personal objects in view, and they
this chamber. I well know that great assemblies have something else to do than to think of individuals; but it seems to me a duty which I owe to my fellow-citizens, who sent me here without asking from me any profession of faith, and also to you, my colleagues, whose con~ fidence I should be happy to possess—(spplausokto give those explanations. It is now thirty-four years since I first sat within these walls. Iwasa memberof every chamber from 1830 to 1848. Iwas also a member of the Constituent and Legislative Assemblies of the Republic, and now you see me on the benches of the Corps Législatif of the Empire. During this long period of time I have seen men and things, opinions, and even affections, passing away in rapid succession, and amidst the torrent which seemed as if it would carry everything away, principles alone have survived—those social and political principles upon which modern society is based. It is true that during certain singularly dark days there were momeuu when order seemed to he so shaken that people anxiously inquired whether it would ever again be established. Later it was liberty that seemed to disappear; and yet now order is restored and liberty is on the point of reviving. Idoubt not that you, gentlemen. will have been struck by this consideration, that an individual, who must always be very little when compared with the grandeur of events, is only worth something in so far as he understands and is faithful to great principles. For myself
y there are three principles which I have always considered as the rule
of every honest life—national sovereignty, order, and liberty. I have lived with the school called that of ’89, which thinks that France has the right to dispose of her destinies, and to choose her government. My opinion is that she should use her sovereignty very seldom, and that it would be even better if she never used it at all. But when she has freely pronounced, her decision is law—(prolonged applause)— and it would be contrary at once to right and common sense to endeavour to substitute particular views for the will of the country clearly expressed. (Renewed cheering.) But after having submitted to the legal government of his country, there are two things which a citizen has a right to ask for—order and liberty. Without order society is in anguish, it is troubled, cannot attend tolabour, or at least works but little. Now the rich man may sometimes live without working, but society is a labourer, condemned to gain his children's broad by working from morning to evening. When order and employment are wanting, the tendencies of society are towards despotism. If, on the other hand, liberty is wanting, society sufl'crs in a different way, but it does not sufi'er the less; it than agitates, feels itself humilitated, becomes irritable, and, as when deprived of order it bands to despotism, so when deprived of liberty it. tends to revolution. Such are the principles which I have always kept steadily in view amidst the confusion of events. When the Republic was proclaimed, I accepted it, although it was not the government of my antecedents; and I associated myself with some courageous men who defended order in the Assembly. Order was saved; France returned to tho monarchical principle ; I submitted again out of respect to the principle of national sovereignty, but I remained in private life. During this retirement everybody knows how I have employed my time. (Cheers.) I have loyally and honestly written my country's history. (CM-era.) I would willingly have passed the rest of my life in a private station, had net the decrees of November 1861 and 1862 been promulgated. You know what great changes those decrees made in the situation. You were here to vote n.most. without amendments or discussion the bills prepared by the Council of State. (Diner-t.) You voted the budget by ministries, and the supplemental credits were only made known to you by the law of accounts, that is to say, too late for any possible serious control on your part. The Emperor has changed this state of things. He has reopened the political field. In giving you the right to discuss an address, he placed you face to face with his government, represented at first by ministers without portfolio, and now by a minister with a portfolio, the Minister of State; he has given publicity to your debates, granted you power to vote the budget by sections, and has shortened the time within which supplemental credits must be brought on for discussion. These decrees do not, no doubt, contain all the liberties which are desirable, but they are the pledge of those yet to be acquired, and I, for one, thank the Emperor for them. (Applause) After these , decrees I thought, and I said to my friends, that since it had now become possible to discuss the affairs of the country freely, and to take part in the re-estahlishment of liberty, abstention was no longer wise, dignified, or patriotic. I advised that the oath to the Empire should be taken. After having giving this advice to others, I should, however, gladly have been dispensed from following it myself. After having in
fluence will no more encounter opposition, and while you inercam our practice to give advice and then not to follow it yourself. A last con
prestige in the world you will have found the only real remedy for Our sideration decided me ; it is this—that in returning hither nobody can ; embarrassed finances. But I warn you, you will be condemned to a accuse me of ambition. My only ambition isto bring to this assembly
last sacrifice, for ncithcr economy, nor peace, nor disarming will suffice the simple tribute of my experience, to discuss the affairs of the country
if you do not grant liberty to France.” There is a word which is in in the point of view of the slate exclusively, and never in the point
freqncut use among the yer/tins of Paris, expressive of contempt or dis- of view of partics—(applausc)—and thus not to be altogether useless
belief; it is “ comm; ” and when M. Emile Ollivicr spoke of liberty, the - to my country during the latter years of my life. (Great applause.)
word “comm’I was heard from some member unknown. “ I hear After these explanations, which I would lain have made shorter, I come the word ‘comm,"’ M. Ollivicr continued, “But I am not put out. of to the great objects for which we are assembled. I shall not on this countenance by the interruption. I will only observe to the hon. occasion spank either of finance or foreign politics, but only of our gentleman who has used it that his interruption is the best testimony , home policy, which ought to be the development of Our institutions in he can offer to me and to my friends. When an Opposition is carping the direction of moderate and regulated liberty.
and captions, wretched and without a future, it has no object, no systematic plan ; it goes on at hazard seeking where it may be critical or offensive, constantly changing, and turning round to recommenco. But when an Opposition is honourable, conscientious, and full of vitality, it has an object, and this object it pursues indefatigably. Our object is liberty, and we will never cease to pursue it and recall it to you. Without liberty you cannot count upon having peace. To prove it, I will repeat the profound observation of one whose authority you will not dispute. The present Emperor, in a work remarkable on divers accounts, explains why the Stuarts fcll while William III. founded a dynasty; and, among other reasons, he gives this,—‘No one can for any length of time support liberty at home without giving glory abroad.’ This maxi-n contains one of the most fundamental truths of the art of governing. When one has to do with a nation's conduct, powerful and generous like ours, aliment must be constantly given to its nntiring activity. Ifyou do not give it the progressive satisfaction of liberty you must give it the heroic satisfaction of glory.
After observing that the Constitution expressly declared itself susceptible of improvement, and that the Corps Legislatif was empowered on the discussion of the address to make known the wishes of the country, M. T hicrs continued:
When we reflect upon our history, it is impossible not to be struck by this fact, that France can sometimes do without liberty, and that so completely as not to appear to think of it. But it is only to return to it again with singulnrpertinaoity and almost irresistible force. I find the proof of this in many leading events. There was a period when France was naturally forgetful of her liberties—I am speaking of 1800, immediately after the terrible ordeal of the revolution. then before her a wonderful man, whose restoring hand touched everything. She was merged in him, and for a time seemed to have left 03 thinking. She was content to see him act, and certainly the spectacle was worth looking at. (Applause.) France once more began to think when she saw a portion of her armies precipitated into the burning gulf of Spain, and the other part in the icy gulf of Russia. Then
which she had too disastroust abandoned. On December 31, 1813, she demanded peace of the Emperor. Her voice was not listened to. A few months later the victorious enemy entered Paris, and bleeding Franco fell at the feet of the Bourbons. What did she ask of them ? Peace; and with peace that liberty the value of which she had then learned to feel. The Bourbons stayed there but for s fleeting moment. Napoleon returned, and from him Franco again asked for peace and liberty. Ponce, which during a long period he was master of, he could now no longer givo: but liberty ha granted at once and complately. It has been alleged that he did not grant liberty in good faith. That is a singular homage rendered to his memory. But, no. Napoleon acted in perfect good faith. He constantly repeated in privato conversation that a dictatorship could only bc a concession made for a few years to a man of genius like himself. The example of Napoleon, the conqueror, elated by success, is often cited; let me take an example from Napoleon aggrandizcd and ripened by misfortune. (Applause.) But. liberty at this period was not to be a successful experiment. Waterloo put an end to all ideas of liberty. An immense reaction commenced in Europe against all the ideas of the revolution. \Vhou we ventured some low murmurs in favour of liberty, we were shown the scafl'old of Louis XVI. for an answer. In 1825, 1826, and 1827, we were nearly attaining our end. We approached those obscure and perilous boundaries where powers are exposed to come into collision, where the prerogatives of the sovereign come face to face with those of the country. Twice under different forms, this great question agitated the country, and two thrones fell. If I may be allowed a simile, I would say that this fatal question has been for us what the tompcstuous Cape was for navigation in the fifteenth century. People trembled on approaching this rsdoubtable Cape; but John of Portugal had the happy idea of christening it the Cape of Good Hope, and then the Cape was happily doubled. May God grant that our tsmpestuous Capo may change its name also and be as happily passed. (Great applause on several benches.) I will say nothing of our agitations in 1848. We went through the Republic to come to the Empire. The idea of liberty once more disappeared. An immense military reaction ruled in Europa. Nevertheless the vivifying spirit of the age acted upon peoples, and even upon sovereigns. The princes were assembled in Paris in the persons of their representatives to regulate the consequences of the glorious peace of the Crimea, and for the first time liberty had a congress for a tribune, and a diplomatistfor an orator. The illustrious Count Cnvour was authorised to denounce the Italian princes, some because they had not given liberty, and others because they were the sons bf princes who had refused it. The emotion caused by this event was immense. The Italians armed, the Austrians armed also; they were soon in conflict; we rushed to the rescue, and Italy was freed. The impulsion was so rapid that in spite of our stipulations at Villal'rauca all the princes were overthrown, and but for the universal faith of the peoples in a prudent policy the Pope would have fallen like the others. (Movement.) This is not all. The agitation extended to all Europe. Austria has sought in liberty a compensation for her defeats. The name of liberty comes back to us in every echo, and F rancc cannot be deaf to the word. The decree of November 24 was issued. The necessity of liberty was once more felt. Well now, if this is a real and serious necessity, in what measure must it be satisfied? That is a grave question, I admit; and yet, if we examine it well, it is not insoluble. I well know that liberty excites in France very various sentiments. Some are inspired by the name with unlimited desires, others with chimerical fears. But that there is a measure of liberty which is necessary cannot be doubtful. Ask at Vienna, Berlin, Madrid, and Turin, and you will find that fact admitted beyond discussion. I am happy to say that this necessary measure is quite compatible with our existing institutions, provided we do not dry up the happy source from which emanated the decree of November 24. Five things are indispensable to constitute what I call the necessary measure of liberty.
M. Thiers proceeded to define these five requisites as individual liberty, liberty of the press, liberty of elections, liberty of candidates, who should be allowed the utmost freedom to canvass, and lastly, that when public opinion was once sufficiently declared the Government should be guided by it. M. 'Ihiers then at great length, and with consummate ability, enlarged upon the five heads of liberty which he desired, uttering in the course of his arguments a variety of pithy sentences which will be long remembered, such as “Liberty in Parlia~ ment without liberty of the press is like telling a secret to ten people, with strict injunctions not to mention it to an eleventh. That is nonsensicn "—" Universal sufl'rago is the divine right of our time"—“Just as you say to the press, you may criticise within certain limits, so you say to universal suffrage, you may elect whom you please within certain limits"—“ The irresponsibility of the sovereign is the liberty of the country." After insisting very strongly upon the necessity of ministerial responsibility, he concluded a magnificent speech, which in the opinion of many of his hearers was the finest he ever pronounced, by declaring that he promised his most unreserved support to the Empire if the Empire would grant liberty; and he warned them that the country would ultimately exact its liberties, if what it now respectfully asked for was not conceded.
M. Rouher, tin reply, recalled the words used by M. Thiers, “ The country will exact," and stated that he considered that expression a threat, of which the Government was not afraid, as it did not belong to those whom people mcnnct-d. M. Rouher maintained that none of the liberty demanded by M. Thiers was deficient in the country, that the Parliamentary system which it was sought to bring back had had its day, that the Emperor reigns and governs, and that liberty would follow when the time had arrived, but that it was necessary to wait. M. Jules Favre, replying to the speech of M. Rouher, reproduced in part the arguments of M. Thiers. Of his speech we have no detailed report, and in that particular, as well as in the history of the rest of the debate, can only cite the more sketch given in Renter's telegrams. On Tuesday the debate was continued. After MM. Latour Dumouliu, T aillefer, and Glsis-Bizoin had addressed the Chamber, the general debate was closed. Upon the amendment of the Opposition with regard to the elections, M. Segris protested against the assumption of tho deputies of Paris in condeming the elections in the departments, and claiming for themselves the monopoly of independence. M. Mario surrendered his right of speaking on account of fatigue. M. Picard explained the amendment, which was rejected. On Wednesday th e debate on the late elections and official candidatures was resumed. M. Ancel spoke against and M. Lafon do Suint-Miir in favour of these candidaturee. M. Jules Favre made a speech which caused great excitement. M. Ronland, the Minister, in reply, dwelt upon the disloyalty of the preceding speaker. This expression was received with loud dissatisfaction, and was subsequently withdrawn by M. Ronland at the request of the Duke do Morny. M. Thiers supported the amendment of the Opposition respecting the elections. He attacke the principle of nominations, and expressed much respect for the rights and origin of the majority, but regretted the abuses of the Administration and the introduction ofthe name of the Emperor into the nomi nations. He was only able to understand oficial nominations upon th 0 condition of every kind of liberty being respected. M. Thiers points d out the abuses of power with which the Opposition reproached t he Government, and ended by declaring his opinion that universal suffrage will prove the safeguard of the country. (Loud interruption. The speaker explained that his remark was not intended as s threa but merely as a warning. M. Rouher declared that there was no differencc in the views of MM. Thiers and Jules Favra, and showed that the right of the Government to interfere in the elections was absolute, and had existed under all Governments. The Minister then drew a picture of the elections under preceding Administrations, and criticise the conduct of the Opposition, his remarks calling forth the energetic applause of the majority. llo declared plainly that the Constitution
Jan. 9.—In the Chamber of Deputies the Minister for Foreign Affairs lays upon the table the Treaty of Commerce and Navigation concluded by Italy with England and Russia.
lO.—Tho Italian Government signs tho contract for the purchase of the Bologna and Ancona Railway, and the treaty for the cession to the Roman Railway Company of the Lignrian River Railway and the railway from Nice to Spezzia.
11.—The brigands taken from the Aum's are sent to Naples, to be tried at the Court of Assizes in the Terra di Lavora.
12.—In the Chamber of Deputies the Bill for the repression of brigandsge is passed by 150 to 46 votes.
13.—Iu the Senate to-day the debate upon the Treaty of Commerce and Navigation with F ranco, which began the day before, is closed and the treaty adopted by 70 votes to 8.
Jan. l3.—Iu the Chamber of Deputies the vote upon the Military Budget is taken. The Conservative members, the Ministers, and a few Catholic members only vote for the expenses of the reorganization of the army (5.500,000 thalers) as proposed by the Ministry. The Ministerial proposition is thus rejected by a large majority. The f urther proposition of the Ministry that the Chamber should grant the expenses as an extraordinary credit is likewise lost by 280 to 35. AUSTRIA:
Jan. 13.—In the Upper House of the Reichsrath the entire amount of the Marine Budget asked by the Ministry, which had previously been reduced by the Lower House, is granted after an animated debate. The reason given for this vote is the importance of the fleet in a strategical and commercial point of view.
Jan. 12.—Tho Duke of Wcrmland is seriously ill. An extraordinary Session of the Storthing is convoked to discuss war armaments. The Session will open on the 1st of February.
Jan. 13.—On account of the election of the clerical candidates“ Bruges, the Ministers place their resignations in the King‘s hands. SPAIN :
Jan. 9.—The Budget for 1864 is published. The increase of receipts is stated at 167,000,000 reals. The Finance Minister proposes to realize the bonds of the purchasers of national property, to impose a new tax upon travellers by railway, and to levy some further imposts. Marshal Narvaez declares to-day in the Senate that ho had always considered that Gibraltar belonged to Spain, and regretted that Spain had not long since claimed it.
i2.—In Congress Senor Carrigniri brings forward a Bill for the construction of a railway from Pampeluna to the French frontier. MEXICO :
Dec. 7.—Adviccs from the city of Mexico report that the French occupied Morelia on the 30th ult., and had also possessed themselves of Acamboro, Cabija, San Miguel, and Salamanca. President Juarez and his Ministers are stated to have abandoned San Luis de Potosi.
and gone to Durango. The Mexican General Negrete has succeeded Comoufort as Minister of War.
THE DANUBIAN PRINCIPALITIES:
Jan. 14.—Notwithstanding the protest of the Porte. made in conjunction with the Cabinets of London, Petersburg, Vienna, and Berlin, against the secularisation of the monastic property, the Chamber unanimously maintains its formervote on the subject.‘
Dec. 29.-An oflicial telegram from Lahore, dated December 24, states that the Guide Corps and a contingent of the Bonair tribe, which were detached for the purpose of destroying Mulka, have returned to Umhallah, after having fought two actions, in which the enemy suffered heavily, our loss being also great. The Bonair tribe surrendered their chief and submitted. The original object of the expedition has thus been accomplished, in the destruction of the seat of the Hindustanec fanatics. The force, therefore, will return to the plains, and, after the exaction of hostages from the J udoon and Othmanzye tribes, will go into quarters. The Peshawar district and border are quiet. The Punjab is perfectly tranquil.‘
Wales, and gave immediate orders for preparation to be made for prOceeding to Frogmore House early next morning. Accordingly on Saturday the Queen, accompanied by Princess Helena and Princess Beatrice, lefi; Osborne for Windsor, where they arrived at one o'clock. The Prince of Wales met the Queen at the Windsor Station, and drove with her Majesty to Frogmore House, where aha passed the day. On Sunday her Majesty repeated her visit, and remained for the afternoon. On the two following days the Queen also visited the Pnncess, and on Wednesday afternoon took her departure for Osborne.
Respecting the delivery of the Princess of Wales, the Lancet of to-day has the following remarks: “ The event," 1t_says, “was not altogether so sudden and without premonitory warnings as has been currently reported, nor is there any reason to_snppose that it w_as prematurely hastened by her visit to the ice. Shght symptoms existed in the earlier part of the day, which some of the more experienced of the ladies around the Princess attributed to what proved later_to be the true cause. But her Royal Highness, equally with the Prince, has tho strongest dislike to what, in ordinary phrase, is called " making a fuss," and on this occasion preferred to pass over these matters as of no moment. On returning from the ice, at about six o’clock, the symptoms were more urgent. A telegram was then despatched to _London for Dr Sieveking, of St Mary's Hospital, Physician m 01'de to her Royal Highness. Presently the aspect of affairs became unmistakable. A second telegram was then despatchcd for Dr Farre, of Hartford street, who had been appointed acooucbeur to her Royal Highness. Mpantime, however, it was evident that more immediate and was required, and Mr Henry Brown, of Windsor,wns summoned, and had the happiness of bringing the infant prince into the world . . . D_r Stovokln reached Frogmore at about nine p.m., immediawa after the_1nfant_ was rn, and Dr Arthur Farre, who had come down by a special tram instantly on receiving his summons, arrived afterwards. All the arrangements had been made, as is known, for the accouchement to have taken place at the beginning of March, at Marlborough house; as it was, there was not anything in readiness, nor was any nurse present, and the maternal experience of the Countess of Macclesfield was most useful. Dr F arre has remained at Frogmore in continuous attendance throughout the week. Dr Sicveking has also visited her Royal Highness daily, until Wednesday, when he was attacked so severely with muscular rh_eiimatisin of an acutely painful character, after returning from his visit, that he has since been and is now temporarily confined by it to bed. . . The health of the Princess is excellent, and her convalescenca has been uninterrupted. The infant Prince is, happily, a fine und_hcalthy child. Very precise statements have been made as to the uterine age of the infant Prince, and his weight; but these statements have been more precise than accurate. He is believed by those best able to form an opinion to be somewhat more than “ a seven-months child." The weight of nine pounds gravely assigned to the young Prince is altogether incorrect; we are assured that he has not been weighed at Hts weight is estimated at considerably less than nine pounds, which isa good weight for a fine child of fully nine months' development; ‘st pounds would probably be nearer to the truth, and yet leave nothing to regret. Every one is, of course, anxious to know how the Prince is to be brought up. He will be suckled by a wet nurse. The same difficulties presented themselves in this as in other mutton, from the unexpected and premature arrival of the little stranger. A nurse was, however, carefully selected in the emergency by Dr Sieveking from those on the list of the York-road Lying-in Institution—Mrs Connor, is married woman, of irreproachable character, good health and antecedents, and possessing the requisite physical qualities. The little Prince feeds well, and is in excellent health."
The bulletins of the health of the Princes and her baby have been throughout the week of the most favourable character.
Jan. 9.—Dr Stanley, the new Dean of Westminster, is formally installed by Dr Cureton, the rector of St Margaret’s. Dr Wordsworth, who protested against the appointment, was spared the difliculty, his term of residence having expired. l
Lake Charles, who was convicted at the recent South Lancnshire Assizes, before Mr Justice Willcs, of the wilful murder of his wife, is executed at Kirkdale.
A Patent of Precedence is granted to Mr Sergeant Ballantr'ns.
ll.--Hsnry Horace Linguarde, the actor, whose arrest for swindling we reported last week, is again examined at the Mansion House, and committed to Newgats for trial.
At the weekly meeting of the Lancashire Distress Committee, Mr M‘Lure reports that 2465!. were received last week, and that the balance in the bank was 214,343!. 115. 7d. Mr Farnall ststes that, on the 2nd inst. there was an increase in the number of persons receiving parochial relief in twenty-seven unions in the cotton manufacturing districts, as compared with the number so relieved in the previous of 2,830.
Judgment given in the Alexandra case in the Court of Exchequer. The Court being equally divided, the junior, Baron Pigott, according to Custom, withdrew his opinion, and the judgment stands in favour of the defendants, but the Crown has a right to carry the case to Error,—which it may be presumed will be done.
The official correspondence between the Home Office and Mr Evans, MP. for Derby, on the subject of the murderer Townley, is published"
Townley, the murderer, is removed from Derby Gaolto the Criminal Lunatic Asylum in St George's-in-tbo-fields, London.
The Charing-cross Railway is publicly opened.
W. H. Mamie", the dishonest poor-rate collector of Larnbcth, is finally examined at the Lambeth l’olice Court, and committed for trial, on the charge of embezzlement to the extent of l,5001., received by him on account of the parish.
12.—Samuel Wright, for the alteration of whose sentence great efforts were made by a number of Surrey magistrates, is executed at Horsomonger-laus gaol.‘
Mr J. Paget, of the Middle Temple, is appointed a metropolitan police magistrate, in the room of Mr Combe, deceased. Mr Woolrych succeeds Mr Combo at the Southwark Police Court, and Mr Puget will take Mr Woolrych‘s place at the Thames Police Court.
13.—Thc formal prorogation of Parliament takes place, to meet on the 4th of February for the despatch of business.
14.—Mr Corrie, one of the stipendiary magistrates at Bow street, is elected City Remembrancer in the room of Mr E. Tyrrcll, resigned.
The remarks of H.R.H. the Field-Marshal Commander-in-Chicf on the Crowley Court-Martial are published in general orders."l
15.—Dr Magce, lcctor oi lnniskillcn, is appointed Dean of Cork.
France has addressed a circular Note to the secondary German States, explaining her position in reference to the proposal of England for the assembling of a Conference on the Slesvig and Holstein question. It is asserted that F runce states in this circular Note that the London Conference of 1852 had only creafed an impotent work, which has been condemned by events. A new Conference must be based upon proper conditions. Such a Conference must take as its starting point the state of things now existing in Holstein, and must not be in opposition to the Federal Diet, as it would discuss questions which might have already been resolved by events. Franco would also wish the Diet in be represented at this Conference. but must first know whether the Federal Diet, which has hitherto objected to the interference of the foreign Powers who signed the Protocol of London in the quarrel with Denmark, has changed its views on that subject.
The C'mzfe'rcncc Proposed by England. Cor-nanaonn, Jan. 14.—It is stated that Bishop Monrad, the Minister President, declared to the Extraordinary Ambassadors of England and Russia, Lord Wodehouse and Councillor Ewers, before their departure from Copenhagen, that the Danish Government would willingly accept the English proponal of a conference for the settlement of the Slesvig and Holstein questiOn, although of the opinion that it would scarcely lead to any result. But in any case the Powers who agree to the conference must take care that in the meantime not a single German soldier crossed the Eider. Should this nevertheless take place, the Danish Government is resolved to enter upon war with all energy, and to prosecute it as long as the resources of the country would permit.
Important Circular of Count Rcclzbcrg on the Competency of the lt'cdcml Diet.
VIENNA, Jan. 14.--lt is asserted that Count Rechbarg addressed a circular note the day before yesterday to all the German States, formally requesting that the Federal Diet should strictly observe the limits of its competency. Should it go beyond these limits in the question of the succession to tho duchies the two great German Powers would be compelled to settle that question themselves.
Rejection of the admire-Prussian llfoiimt.
anmrroa'r-ox-rnn-Mama, Jan. 14.--At the sitting of the Federal Diet to-day the Austro-Prussian proposal was lost by 11 to 5. The proposal is as follows :—-" That the Confederation should require Denmark definitively to suspend the November Constitution with regard to Slesvig, and should at the same time notify that in case of refusal the Confederation will be compelled to obtain a pledge for the fulfilment of its just demands by the military occupation of Sleswig. That the Federal Diet shall also request the military committee to submit propositions for raising the forces possibly required for the occupation of Slesvig to the necessary strength. After the vote had taken place Austria and PrilSslll declared that they would take the matter in hand themselves. Electoral Hesse and Mecklenburgh, having each one Vote, and the following seven States, viz.-—Lichtcnatein, Waldeck, the two branches of House, Scbaumburg Lippc, Lippc-Detmold, and Hesse Homburg, together having one vote, agreed with Austria and Prussia. The other States partly declined the proposition absolutely. and partly acceded to it conditionally. Even, however, where absolutely favourable to Austria and Prussia, these latter States would not constitute the required majority of votes. Saxony and Bavaria and some other States lodged a protest against the vote, which was replied to by a counter‘protest of Austria and Prussia.
Proclamation of the Federal Conmnz'ssimzcrs.
A proclamation of the Federal Commissioners was issued on the 9th decreeing the reorganisation of the Central Administration of Holstein. According to this ordinance the Government authorities of Holstein, hitherto established at Pliin, will cease to exercise their functions after the 12th inst. The whole Central Administration of Holstein will be carried on by Ducal authorities in Kiel, who will administer the existing laws of the country under the control of the Federal Commissioners, whose orders they will execute, and to whose decision they will be subject in all such cases where the ratification of the King of Denmark was formerly necessary. The Ducal Government, consisting of a President and five members, will enter upon their functions on the 12th inst.
HAMBURG, Jan. 10.—The Danes have opened the dams of tho Eider near Tonningen, for the purpose of inundating the country. It is officially reported that the approach to Frederickstadt is partially obstructed.
13.-—Advices received here from Copenhagen of Monday state that great hopes are entertained of the preservation of peace.
Hanovnn, Jan. lO.—A popular meeting of 3,000 persons, from all parts of the country, has unanimously resolved to send a deputation to the King to petition for the withdrawal of Hanover from the London protocol, and the recognition of Prince Frederick of Auguatcuburg as Duke of “ Schleswig-Holstein."
l2.—-Iu reply to the address presented by the deputation of the popular meeting, Herr vou Hammerstein, the Minister of the Interior, declared that it was known how great an interest the King takes in the Duchies, but that his Majesty could not by any explanation anticipate the decision of the Federal Diet. The Minister refused to give any positive explanation as to the intentions of the King’s Goveniment, but observed that there was no reason to suppose that the reply of the King would be unfavourable.
AL'ros'a, Jan. 11.—The principal military forces of Denmark, numbering 16,000 men, is concentrated in the city of Schleawig. The inhabitants-of the city are heavily burdened by the number of soldiers billetcd upon them. Liberty square, in the city of Schlcswig, is defended by five 84-pounder cannon. Colossal palisades and extensive barracks are being erected at the dam of the Daunewerk. The class of soldiers of the age of thirty-five years has been called out.
l3.—A proclamation by the Federal Commissioners has been issued to-day, ordering a provisional regulation of the Customs. Dating from the 22nd ult., Denmark and Schleswig are to he considered, with reference to Customs, as a foreign country. The navigation dues are to be paid according to the rate up to the present in force. The import of goods subject to duty can only take place by land via Readsburg and Levensau.
Cornxnscmv, Jan. 11.-The Faedrehnda of to-day publishes a telegram from Norway stating that orders had been given for the completion of the war nwtén'el of Norway, and for the training of subaltern oflicers. Sixteen thousand men, composed of the reserve lately called out, will be quartered in Copenhagen to-morrow. The Danish Rigsrad met to-day for the discussion of the special affairs of the monarchy.
I'rzanou, Jan. 12.--Advices from Schlcswig to the 10th inst. state that the Mayor, Johannseu, of Husum, has been requested to assume the Ministry for Schlcswig, and that he has left for Copenhagen.
VIENNA, Jan. 12.—-It is stated that the Danish Minister for Foreign Affairs has addressed a note to the Austrian Cabinet indirectly admitting that Dcnmark had not fulfilled her engagementg and requesting that the negotiations between Denmark and Germany might be com tinucd from the point at which they ceased in 1851-52. Austria has declined the offer of Hcrr von Quaudc, the Danish Minister for Foreign Affairs, to rccommcncc negotiations with Denmark.
ananroa'r-on-rnn-Mam, Jan. l2.-Austria has insisted at the Fodcral Diet that her motion for the occupation of Schlcswig should be speedily taken into consideration.
No additional clause has been appended to the motion by Austria.
Rannsut'ac, Jan. l2.—The Federal Commissioners arrived here to-day. They are believed to have come to treat upon the matter of the six villages on the north of tho Eider claimed by Holstein, but not yet evacuated by the Danes.
Tun J APAXEBB DIFFICULTY, intelligence has been rtceivcd that after long discussions, extending over three days, the agents of Prince Satsuma have agreed to make immediate paymentof tho indemnity, and have promised in writing not to relax in active search for the murderers of Mr. Richardson, and to subject them to capital punishment, in the presence of one or more British ofiieers.
Nor wawrnn HERE. A Madrid journal states that the Queen, being somewhat indisposed, in consequence of pregnancy, has ordcrtd the right arm of St. John to be transferred to her private chaptl from one of the churches in catalonia, where it has long been kept, The relic will not besent back to oatslonia until after Her Majesty’s confinement.
Massas Lame am) Mannmsw, of Minoing lane, in the annual circular just issued, make the following remarks on the prevailing mania for joint-stock associations: “One important feature of the past year has been an extraordinary extension of the movement for the formation of joint-stock companies, under the limited liability act, which partially developed itself during 1862. The gross nominal capital of those established during the last twelve months amounts more than l,000,000,0001., but probably the actual proportion paid up, does not represent more than one-third of that sum, and as many of these undertakings consist in the transfer to a public company of a business previously carried on by private parties, the operation has in a less degree effected the money market. In addition to these limited liability companies, the foreign loans negociatcd during the year represent a total of 40,000,0001. ; of this sum however not exceeding one-fourth is estimated to have placed in the markets of Great Britain. Amongst the home and colonial undertaking new banks figure for large amounts, and it is difficult to see from what sources the promoters expect to derive a business that can be profitable to the shareholders. It is to be feared that the competition engendered by so many new undertakings may result in a too great extension of credit to admit of their being carried on with safety."
Tun Fmaxclar. CORPORATION (Limited) is announced. The capital is fixed as high as 6,000,0001, in 30,000 shares of 1001. each, of which 15,000 shares, or 1,500,0001. are to be issued in the first instance. The direction is composed as follows, viz.: Mr J. Goodson (Chairman of Great Eastern Railwsv Company), Mr R. Spooner gcputv Chairman of the Bank of Hindustan, China, and Japan),
rJ. D. Thomson (of Messrs Thomson, Watson, and 00.), Mr T. Cotterell (Director of the Bank of Hindustan, China, and Japan). Mr G. Smith (Deputy Chairman of the Kent Waterworks, and Director of the East London Bank), Mr J. W. Hollond (of Forest hill). Mr R. Collum (Director of the Scottish Union Insurance Company), Mr L. Nathan (Director of the Van Diemen's Land Company), and Mr R. D. Heatley (of Messrs Heatlcy, Cowan, and Co.) The solicitors are Messrs Maples, Maples, and Teasdale, and Messrs Hughes, Mastermsn, and Hughes; the bankers, Messrs Barclay, Bevan, Tritton, Twells, and Co.; and the brokers, Sir R. W. Garden and Son. The prospectus recites that the association “ will undertake all financial business of importance, including the negotiation and arrangement of loans on security of rates, harbour dues, or other similar securities, and will itself make advances wherever the transaction is only for a limited period.” The preliminary expenses are to be limited to} per cent. on the nominal capital. The directors waive all “ remuneration until after a dividend of five per cent. is paid to the shareholders, and their remuneration will not exceed one-fifth part of the surplus after payment of such five per cent."
Tits INTERNATIONAL FINANCXAL Socrarr have intimated that they are prepared to receive subscriptions for the‘capital of the AngloItslian Bank (Limited). This project‘ commends itself to attention not only because there is at present no bank for facilitating transactions between England and Italy, but also by reason of the high respectability of the names attached to it. The reputation, wealth, and financial experience of the Baron Ricasoli, late a member of the Turin cabinet, render his co-operation an advantage of no small importance, even apart from the assurance which it conveys that the institution is formed under official auspices and enjoys government favour. The other gentlemen composing the council of directors are Sir J. Hudson, late British minister at Turin; Mr J. Lubbock, of Roberts, Lubbock, and 00.; Mr R. Benson ; Mr J. Bordicr, of Bordier, Fabris, and (30.: Mr F. Doulton, M.P.; Mr C. Glischen, of Fruhling and Giischen; Mr I. Leoninc; Mr G. G. Nicol; and Mr C. Bell, of Thomson, Bonar, and Co. The solicitors are Messrs Bircham, Dalrymple, Drake, and Ward, and the broken Messrs Seymour and Co. and Cazenove and Co. The aims of the new institution embrace a wide soope, comprising not only the transaction of financial business between Great Britain and Italy, and the extension to the latter country of the English banking system, but also the development of the commercial resources of Italy by means which will doubtless be more fully developed in due season. The prospectus mentions that "direct communication has been held with the government, and with many of the leading commercial and financial interests of Italy, and the formation of the company has not been undertaken until it has been ascertained that its establishment will be regarded with ‘ the greatest favour ' by the government, and will meet with the warm and cordial support of the commercial public." There can be no doubt that in point of banking facilities Italy is remarkably backward, and it is equally clear that the interests of the country demand that the financial monopolies of the olden times should cease, and that a due place should be accorded to associations of capitalists like the one now formed, working in accordance with the progressive movement of the times. In introducing a project of this class, therefore,
other parts of the East. In answer to a shareholder the chairman said that the first call of 2000001. has not yet been employed, and that there is consequently no probability of a further call'for some time. —-The dividend declared at the meeting of the Dawn Bank_ of Australia was at the rate of eight per cent. for the half year. leflvmg upwards of 6,0001. to he carried oven—The Brighton Railway traffic returns show this week a decrease of 8731., compared With last year;
closing of the transfer books of the General Credit Finance (10'lepany of London, preparatory to the general meeting—The third ordinary general meeting of the shareholders of fill? 11W Bank (Limited) is called for the 18th inst., when adividend is to be declared. —A general meeting of the National Discount Company 18 convened for the 201h inst—The half'yecrly mceting of the 8001118113411"!!le Investment Company is called for the 29th ‘instant.——llio Great Western Railway Company of Canada have intimated that "the loss on exchange by the conversion of American money TCOBWBd 101' the carriage of through tratlio from the commencement of the current hnlf~year to Dec. 26, 1863, amounted to the sum of 30,0831. 9s. 3d... and at that date there was a further sum of American funds still remaining to be converted of 34,805 dols. 58c."—Th0 direcw" 01: the Cwuolidalerl Discount Company notify the commencement of: business at- No. 4 Abchurch lanc.—The first call of 31. is t0_bi_5 paid 011 the shares of the National Steam Navigation Company (blunted) by Feb8.-A special meeting of the Lmulon Financial Assocullwn Will be held on the 20111 inst., to confirm the resolutions passed on the 21st ult.— A first call of 11. 10s. is to be paid on the shares in the London Tavern Company (Limited) by the 30th inst.—An extraordinary meeting of the lllaremmana Railway Company is convened for the 6th of February at Leghorn—The receipts of the Great Western Raily'uy of Canada for the week ending the 25th December, were 11,3981, being 1.2431. more than in the corresponding weck_of the prewous year.-—-Mr A. R. Lil/one, of Liverpool, who suspended in March, 1353, with mercantile liabilities for 2465491., but who undertook, upon receiving a letter oflicencc, to pay ultimately 20s. in tlic pound, with interest at 5 per cent., has already accomplished that obJeCt, and fully justified the confidence rcposcd in him.—-A petition for tho Winding-up of the Pneumatic Sln'p Raising and Universal Salvage Company (L‘mlwll) is to be heard before the Master of the Rolls on the 16th lush—The Crystal Palace Cmnpany have announced that the hall-yearly dlvidends on the Seven per Cent. Preference Stock and the Six Per Cent. Debenture stock to the 3lst December, and the dividend on the ordinary stock for the twelve months ending 31st October last, would be payable on the 15th instant.—A prospectus has been issued ofthe London Mercantile Discount Company, with a capital of 1300,0001. (of which halfis to be first issued) in shares of 50l.—Tlic Indian Carrying Company have advices from Calcutta by the present mail, stating that the Government had provisionally accepted their tender forthe bullocktrnins b which the transport work of the Government has hitherto been 0 acted, and that the transference would probably be made by the 1st of January or February—The lenders and North Western Railway traffic return shows this week an increase of 7,1801. over last year; the London and South Wrslern an increase of 9011.; the Great Eastern an increase of 9461.; the Great Northern an increase 014,0491.; and the Great Western an increase of 3,6261.-—Tlie half-yearly meet~ ing of the Petroleum Trading Company (Limited) was held at the company's offices on Wednesday, when the report and balance-sheet to the 31st December were read and adopted, and a dividend declared at the rate of 10 per cent. per annum for the six months, being at the same rate as that paid for the previous half-year.
of both companies. The r
Tris REPORT or THE UNION BANK OF LONDON, at the meeting held on Wednesday, was of a verv satisfactory character. The net profits for the six months ending December last amount to “4,3231. to which l'must be added 6681. brought forward from .1 unc last. The dividend declared for the half-year was 18s. per share,'clear of income tax, being at the rate of 15 per cent. per annum, and leaving a
balance of 60,9921, 60,0001. of which is appropriated to the reserve ,‘
fund, increasing it to 170,0001. Out of the latter the directors now add 11. per share (60,0001.) to the paid-up capital, which is thus raised to 780,0001. The balance carried forward is 9921.
Tm: Fisascui. CORPORATION, with a capital of 3,000,0001., onebalf of which is to comprise the first issue, in shares of 1001. each has issued its prospectus. One of the chief arguments used by the directors in launching this project is the high premium attained by several other undertakings of a similar character. They state that the enormous increase of commercial and industrial enterprise has caused proportionate requirements for financial accommodation.
Tm: In-rsnxariossi. Fiaaxcur. Socrs'rr announces that it is prepared to receive subscriptions for the capital of the Land Securities Company (Limited), captial, 2,000,0001. in 40,000 shares of 501. each, of which 1,000,000]. in 20,000 shares of 501. each, are only to be issued at present. 31. per share to be paid on allotment. The company has been established to make advances on land with promptitude, at a moderate rate of interest, and at small attendant expense. The company will act. as agents between the investing public and the borrower. They will also make advances rcpayahle at fixed terms, or by terminable annuities, on Landed Estate, and on every charge upon Land, such as county and parish rates, rates levied on land under public or private acts of parliament, royal charters, commissioners of sewers, improvement rent charges on private estates, town improvement rates, ground rents, harbour trusts, Sic.
MisceLLana-ous.—At the annual meeting on Monday of the London and Brazilian Bank a dividend of 17s. 6d. per share was declared free of income tax, being at the rate of 5 per cent. per annum. The reserve fund now amounts to 20,0001. The proceedings were regarded as very satisfactory—At the meeting on Monday of the Land Mortgage Bank ofladio, Mr S. Laing in the chair, it was resolved to accept the agency of the Crédit Fonciar of the Island of the Mauritius,
agent amount of we own,“ of the Anglo, I thus raised to 60,0001., while a dividend at th
and of similar agencies, should they offer, from cognate societies in
0 rate of 10 per cent. forward.
and the South Eastern an increase of 204L—Notice is given of the [
CORN MARKET, FBIDAY.—Iirromarioss Into London from the 11th of January to the 11th of January, 1864,
English and Scotch ... riah Foreign
THE FUNDS—Consent! opened on Monday at 911 for money and
THE CIVIL WAR IN AMERICA.
The war intelligence this week is scanty. General Thomas has telegraphed to General Halleck that General Wheeler captured a Federal supply train at Charleston, in Tennessee, on the 29th. General Wheeler attempted to capture the escort also; but reinforcements from Calhoun arriving for the Federals, he was obliged to retire. The Federals claim to have killed and wounded several of the Confederates, and captured 125 prisoners. They state their own loss at one man wounded. The Confederate General Forrest destroyed a portion of the Memphis and Charleston Railway between Collinsville and Moscow, in West Tennessee, on the 29th, but is said to have been worsted in engagements with the Federals at Summorvillc and Middleburg. The Federal General Ellett, with a brigade of men, is patrolling the banks of the Mississippi for the purpose of preventing the firing upon the merchant steamers by guerillas, several parties of whom he has succeeded in capturing. According to deserters’ accounts, Generals Early, Imboden, and Rosser, with 11,000 Confederates, are at Newmarket and Fort Jackson, in the Shenandoah Valley.
The following are the remarks of his Royal Highness the FieldMarshal Commanding-in-Chief on the General Court-martial held at Aldershott, on the 17th November, 1863, for the trial of LieutenantColonel T. R. Crawlcy, 6th Dragoons:
“ Horse Guards, Jan. 14, 1864.
“ After a patient and protracted trial the court-martial on LieutenantColonel Crawley has been brought to a close by the full and honourable acquittal of that oflicer. The Judge-Advocatc-General has submitted to her Majesty to confirm and approve the proceedings, and the Field Marshal Commanding-in-Chief has recommended to her Majesty that the verdict of the Court should be now carried out. Lieutenant-Colonel Crawley will, therefore, resume the command of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons with the least possible delay, and his Royal Highness trusts that he will prove by tact and judgment in the performance of his duties that he appreciates the irnpertancs of his position as aoommunding oflicer, and that the painful experience of the past has not been lost upon him. For it is only by a happy combination of temper, judgment, and discretion, united with firmness, that the command of a regiment can be properly conducted, and the more difficult the elements with which a commanding officer may bare to deal the more requisite is _it for him to possess and exercise these qualifications for command.
“The Court has remarked on the animus displayed by Major Swindley in giving his evidence, and has further noticed the evasive, hesitating, and unsatisfactory character 'of the evidence of Surgeon Turnbull and Lieutenant and Adjutant Fitzsimon. In the proceedings of the Mhow Court-martial botu Major Swindlcy and Surgeon '1' urnbull were similarly reflected upon. His Royal Highness was disposed on that occasion to give these oflieers a further trial, and did not remove them at that period from the Inniakilling Dragoons, but he feels that he cannot again treat them with a like lcnicncy. Major Swindloy has, unfortunately, not availed himself of the forbearance then shown to him. He has not ceased to entertain feelings which strike at the root of all discipline. His continuance in the 6th Dragoons can therefore no longer be permitted, and he will be removed from the regiment accordingly. Surgeon Turnbull, in like manner, has laid himselfopen to the gravest censure. His conduct with reference to the entries in the Hospital Records will become the subject of further inquiry, and, should his explanations not prove satisfactory, most serious notice must necessarily be taken of his proceedings; but, at all events, his continuance in the Inniskilling Dragoons has become impouible. Lieutenant and Adjutant Fitzsimon has by his replies and evasive answers proved himself utterly unfit for the post of adjutant, the duties of which he carried out in so unsatisfactory a manner, as proved by his own evidence. It is further most undesirable that he should continue in the 6th Dragoons. He therefore will likewise be removed from the regiment. The general tone and temper evinced by a portion of tho ofiicers of the Inuiskilling Dragoons is most do
lorable. When the Field-Marshal Commanding-in-Chicf issued his Memorandum on the Mhow Court-martial, he was not, as he is now, aware of the extent of ill-feeling which actually prevailed. Discipline cannot be maintained when such views are entertained by any portion of the officers of the regiment. and it greatly redounds to the credit ofthe corps generally that its efficiency did not stiffer more by the insubordinute and defiant tone manifested by some of its leading members. The sad and painful lesson which has been experienced by all will, it is hoped, not be forgotten by those who have escaped censure. Without discipline an army is worse than useless, and, under all circmstances, it must, therefore, be maintained. Ilia Royal Highness, having had a personal and intimate knowledge of what the Inniskilling Dragoons were' in former days, is most painfully im
ressed with the altered tone of the regiment in respect of too many of its officers which is now brought to his notice. Bad elements must have been introduced, which have tended to this lamentable change in a corps second to none in former days, both as regards discipline and efficiency. The Field-Marshal Commandinan-Chief trusts that the decisive steps now taken may at once and for ever put a stop to similar practices, alike destructine to the interests of the corps and to those of the individuals concerned. His Royal Highness cannot conclude these remarks without observing that he considers it due to the Commander-in-Chief in India to state that, while he is still of opinion that the character for sobriety of Sergeant-Major Lilley up to the period of his arrest was supported by the evidence before the Court, statements were subsequently made to Sir H. Rose, home out by the opinions of the medical ofiicers of the regiment, which explain to the Field-Marshal Commanding-in-Cbief the grounds upon which that distinguished Generai officer made the observations on that portion of the ease included in his remarks on the Mhow Court-martial.—By Zpfiunfiaud of his'Royal Highness the Field-Marshal Commanding-in
“W. F. Fons-ran, Military Secretary."
P O L A N D.
Private letters from Lithuania to the 25th of December are lamentable. One of the latest acts of General Mouraviefl' was to order the General commanding the district of Jezorosy not to appear before him until he had completely suppressed the insurrection, in that quarter. The General came to the conclusion that it was useless to make any distinction in a country where the entire population is favourable to the insurrection and be determined to strike a great blow. Having selech a colonel and two other superior oflicers notorious for their cruelty as his assistants, he arrived at Dusinty, a chateau belonging to the Counts Ladislss and Career Plater, which had been confiscated by Mouraviefi', and there established his head-quarters. He commenced by transporting all the farmers on the estate on was without any trial, and with them the Abbé
. Viotwaricz, the parish priest of Dnsiaty-a mun beloved by his parishioners. The Canon Macewioz was the next victim. llaving got rid of all the clergy, the General prececded to the village of Aulllzuzs, consisting often farmhouses. Determined, if possible, to discover the chiefs of the national organization, he ordered ten peasants to be brought before him, the greater number of them being fathers of families, and, having selected two, the bastinado was applied to them dunng the night. The following day he ordered ten victims to be led to the market-place of Dueiaty, and in the presence of the neighbour
ing communes the General ordered that from 200 to 500 blows with a
Wanaavv, Jan. 10.—A Government ordinance has been issued to-
The Polish National Government has addressed a proclamation to its troops, dated Dec. 15th. It is a strong cxhortation to courage and perseverance, and concludes with these words : “ Soldiers! you must accomplish your task to the end, and always cry ‘Poland for ever! free, ope, and independent, with Lithuania and Rnthenia united to it!’
Tun 2x'riuoanrxxnr nrronrs made by large numbers of people in Lambetb and Southwark, aided by the memorial of the visiting justices of the county prison of Surrey, to procure a commutation of the capital punishment of the convict Samucl Wright having been unavailing, he was executed on Tuesday morning in front of Horsemonger-lane gaol, in which he had been confined after sentence of death was pronounced. So great was the excitement, especially among people on the Surrey side of the river, consequent upon the failure to avert the convict‘s doom, that about 1,000 of the metropolitan police, some of them mounted, were posted and held in reserve in the immediate neighbourhood of the place of execution, in apprehension of a disturbance, and a rumour was current on Monday night that the military would be cullcd out if necessary. As the event proved, there never was less occasion for more than ordinary precautions to maintain order. The crowd was much less numerous than is accustomed to assemble at executions in London, and, upon the whole, behaved with greater decorum, excepting perhaps during the few moments that the convict appeared upon the scaffold, when some expressions of indignation were used, directed, bewever, not against him, but the department which had refused to grant his reprieve. Besides the efforts previously made to obtain a remission of the capital punishment, Mr Gurney, M.P., and Mr Phillips, two of. the visiting justices of the prison, had an interview on Monday With Mr Justice Blackburn, before whom the prisoner had pleaded “ Guilty." They entrcated the learned judge in the most earnest manner to inter-pose with the Home Secretary, but he stated that he could not see anything in the case that would justify his interference, and that the law must take its course so far as be was concerned. From that time it was felt that nothing more could be done to save the prisoner, although up to a late hour on Monday night it was still hoped that a reprieve might. arrive. A handbill in the following terms, and with a border in mourning, was extensively circulated in the neighbourhood of Horscmonger lane: “A Solemn Protest against the Execution of Wright.-Meu and women of London, abstain from witnessing this sad spectacle of injustice. Let Calcraft and C0. do their work this time with none but the eye of Heaven to look upon their crime. Let all window shutters be up and window blinds be down for an hour on Tuesday morning in Southwurk. Englishmen, shall Wright be hung? If so, there is one law for the rich and another for the poor ! " After sentence the convict was attended by the Rev. Mr Jessop, the chaplain of the gaol. On one occasion, while in cenversatiou with this gentleman, he stated that on the night of the murder, after he and the deceased woman had quarrelled in consequence of her threatening to leave him, he lay down on a bed and went to sleep; that she came and shook him, saying she would not allow him to sleep there; that he jumped up and seizing a razor which lay on a table he cut her throat; and that the last words she uttered were, “ Oh, Sam, I did not mean to do that 1" He did not know whether she meant that she did not intend to leave him, or that she did not intend to use a knife to him, which she had previously threatened to do. At the last moment he was asked whether he had anything to add to the statements he had made in reference to the crime. He replied that he had not, and that all he had stated was true. The convict was escorted to the scaffold by Mr Abbott, the Under Sheriff of Surrey; the Rev. Mr Jessop, the chaplain; Mr Sterry and Mr Dermer, two of the visiting justices; and by Mr Kecnc, the governor of the prison. He was calm and collected, and entire way expressed his gratitude for the exertions that had been made to save his life. He walked with a firm step through the corridors of the gaol, and ascended the scaffold without assistance. It was then nine o’clock. The moment he was seen by the crowd there were loud cries of “Shame,” " Judicial murder,” “ Where‘s Townley ? " and grout yelling and booting, which lasted some moments. The convict appeared touched by the interest taken in him by the crowd, and repeatedly bowed in acknowledgment. The drop at length fell, amid a roar of indignation, and he soon ceased to live. After hanging the usual time the body was cut down, and buried towards evening within the procincts of the prison. On Sunday and Monday he addressed letters in affectionate terms to his mother, and expressing great solicitndc about his two unfortunate children by a former wife, it is understood. Both in the vicinity of the prison and the neighbourhood in which be had lived blinds were drawn down and shops partially closed in token of his untimely end.
in 1827 he became the Regina Professor of Divinity. In 1830 he
was preferred to the dcanery of Peterboreu h, from whence, in 1842, be was transferred to the deanery of estminster; and in 1845 he was consecrated Bishop of Ely. Dr Turton was a most learned divine, a profound mathematician, and an elegant and correct classical scholar. His theological works are numerous, but he is principally known by his refutation, in two volumes, of the doctrine which had been laid down by Cardinal Wiseman with reference to the Eucharist. In 1827 he published, under the signature of Crito Cantabrigicnais, a vindication of the literary character of Professor Person from the aspersions of Dr Burgess. In 1835 he issued a valuable work, entitled “ Thoughts on the Admission of Persons, without regard to their Religious Opinions, to certain Degrees in the Universities of England." Having suffered much from ill-health, his lordship has led a very retired life for several years, and has interfered very little either in political or ecclesiastical affairs. By the Bishop of Ely's decease, Bishop Ellicott (Gloucester) obtains his seat in the House of Lords, from which Bishop Turton's successor, so long as be is junior bishop, will be excluded.
‘ua EARL or CLARE died on Sunday, after a protracted illness, at his residence at Kensington. He was born 2nd Oct, 1793, and married, 1825, Diane, eldest daughter of Mr C. B. Woodcock, whose former marriage with Mr M. Crosbie Moore was dissolved in the early part of- that year. By his marriage he leaves survivin issue three daughters—Lad Florence, married to Lord Wodehouse; ady Louisa, married to the on. G. N. Dillon; and Lady Elinor, married to Mr F. -_H. Cavendish. The only son of the late earl, Viscount Fitzgibbon, a lieutenant in the 8th llussars, was killed at. the battle of Balaklava in October, 1854. Lord Clare was formerly in the army (in the Grenadier Guards), and sewed on the staff in the Peninsula; was present at Oportc, Talavers, and also took part in the battle of Busaco, for which he had received the war medal and clasp. In default of male issue the title becomes extinct.
Mn. J. P. PLUMPTRE, formerly M.P. for EastKent, died at his residence, Fredville, near Dover, on the 6th inst, in his aeventy-third year. He belonged to a distinguished Nottinghamshire family, and for several centuries the name was associated with the Parliamentary representation of the borough of Nottingham. On the death of his father in 1827 Mr l’lumptre succeeded to the family estates in Kent, and became a partner in the ,Canterbury Bank. Hie onition gave him great influence, and for some time be represented ‘ast Kent in Parliament. In 1852 he retired froPPat'liament. He was appointed by the late Duke of Wellington Deputy Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, and for many years acted as a commissioner of Dover harbour. Mr Plumptre was of an exceedingly benevolent disposition, and his contributions to religious and charitable institutions oonncctad with East Kent were on a scale of the most princely liberality.
Ma Bauxite, 'rur. Scuar'ron, died last week. “ Afcw years ago," says the Athencum, “this artist was in good practice, especially as a modeller of busts; and he possessed natural talents sufficient to have raised him to one of the highest places of his noble calling. But he fell into troubles about money, and other things, which preyed on his spirits, and left him too weak and agitated for his real genius to have a fair trial. The best judges, hoWevcr, thought very highly of his work. Of late he lived much alone; and his eyes were closed, we are sorry to add, in the Middlcscx Hospital."
BISHOP Ansowr, of 'l‘rcverl, of “Holy Coat" celebrity, died in that city of apoplexy on the 7th inst., in his seventy-third year.
Tun Lara Loan ELGIN.—Tb8 result of the post-mortcm examination of the late Lord Elgin has proVed what had been suspected from the first—that his death was not attributable to any disease of Indian origin. It was found that the heart was in a state of what is called professionally “ fatty degeneration "-——that is, that it had lost its muscular character, and become weak and dilated. The right ventricle was fatally affected. There was also advanced disease of the kidneys. The changes in the structure of these vital organs had been long in progress. It is strange that they had not earlier given marked evidence of their existence, for they would have seen proved fatal under any circumstances and in any climate.
The burns IN Loxnos LAsT wean were 1,798, an excess of 279 above the average. The increase arose from the recent depression of temperature, a is more particularly shown b the number of deaths from diseases of the respiratory organs. The number of deaths in this class, which more than others rises and falls with the fluctuations of heat and cold, rose last week to 473. In the previous week the number was 813. The corrected average of the class for ten corresponding weeks is 354. The deaths from bronchitis in the last four weeks were 147, 154, 177, and 326. Pneumonia does not exhibit any increase. Phtbisil, which was fatal in the previous week in 165 cases, numbered last week 194. Epidemic diseases do not disclose any remarkable feature. Typhus yields 75 deaths, the largest contribution to the mortality of this class; acarlatina 74, whooping-cough 48, measles 2S, small-pox 10. Nine persona died at the age of 90 years and upwards; among these a gentleman is registered as having died in Mary street, I'ancras, ou the 6th of January, at the age of 100 years.
Tun Wan IN New Znauxo. The chief feature of the war last received was the evacuation of Mere Mere, the Maori stronghold, by the rebels. On Thursday October 20, the steam gunboat Pioneer made her first reconnaissance of the native position on the \Vaikato, when she was fired upon by the rebels, but without sustaining any injury. General Cameron and his staff remained half-an-hour, making themselves acquainted with the nature of the position. while the natives were expending much amuniticn to no purpose. The steamer then retired. On the sunday following a new post, which had been established above Mere Mere, was attacked by the rebels, when a sapper was shot dead and a sailor wounded in the leg. I: was supposed that one of the rebels was killed. on the same day the Pioneer proceeded up the river, and fircd several shots at some
natives. News was soon afterwards brought that the enemy were evacuatin Mere Mere, and paddling over the swamp in 13 lsrge canoes. hen the steamer arrived at More More, tberc was not the
least sign of the enemy. 0n the following day the troops landed, when they found no one to oppose tbsm ; and the news we hear of the rebels is that they have turned up in the neighbourhood of the Thames, and that the natives of that district had joined them. Farticulars of those occurenccs are from General Cameron ietest despetch.
D 188 BATEMAN.—LE A H.-The
triumphant and enthusiastic success of the great Tragic Artiste, Miss Bateman. on her first appearance in the character of LEAH. in the new five-act Drama of that title, having been nightly repeated, and even exceeded, during the last sixteen weeks amidst the applause and tears of crowded audiences, and the profound impression created upon all who have witnessed the touching impersonation by Miss Bateman of the heart-broken Jewish maiden, bein confirmed by the unanimous verdict and critical a rov of the entire rcss, the Manager of the NEW A I-ILPIII THEATRE has the honour to announce that Miss Bateman will up r in the New Drama of LEAH EVERY EVENING, till further notice; and. in order to meet as far as possible the increasing demand for stalls, has added two more rows to those previously existing.
On Monday and following nights, a New Serio-Coniie Drama, b Edmund Falconer. entitled NIGHT AND MORN. Rrineipal characters by Mr Phelps. Messrs Ryder, Ra nor, I‘itzjamee. to: Misses 1t. Leelercq. Atkinson. and Heath. ' After which the GREAT DRURY LANE ANNUAL, in the form of aGRAND COMIC CHRISTMAS PAN'I‘OMIME, emitted SINlillAl) I‘Hld SAILOR, the Great Rock of the Diamond Valley, and the Seven Wonders of the World. The extensive and magnificent Scrhdl'] by Mr'William Beverley. Characters in the o ening by Messrs Neville, I-it 'amea, Tom Matthews. and aster Percy Roselle. Misses '. Weston Coventry, Rose Lcclercq, Cicely Nott, and Miss Lizzie Wilmore. Ilarlefiuinadtk— Clowns, Harry Boleno and C. Lauri. Pantaloon, essrs W. A. Ilarnes and J. Morris. Harlequins, Messrs .l. Cormack and S. Seville. Columbincs. Madame Boleno and the Misses Gunnis. Pricesas usual. Box~olilec open from ten till five
OYAL ST JAMES‘S THEATRE.
NICOLL’S WARM OVERCOATS AND JACKETS l
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OUSE FURNISHING.—Tho immense assortment of First Class Cabinet Furniture, Upholstery Goods, Dedateads fixed, Superior Bedding, Carpets, new Fabrics for Curtains, 82c. kc., conveniently arranged Itl' inspection in the Furniture Galleries and Show Rooms of Messrs DRUCE and CO, is unequalled in extent and variety. Purchasers before deciding elsewhere should visit this Celebrated Establishment, every article being marked in plain figures, that they may make their own calculations from the goods before them, or Estimates will be given for furnishing any class of residence in Town or Country, free of charge, and the goods can be at once selected from the Show Itooma, with which a written warranty for twelve months will be given. Public attention is particularly invited to several suites of Chamber Furniture exactly similar to those in the Exhibition of 1862, also to some very beautiful Brussels Carpet in Class 22, universally admired, and now offered by them at a great deduction in price. N.B.-l"ive Hundred Fashionable Lasy Chain, Settccs, Side and Centre Ottomans of the newest forms. One Hundred Superior Ward
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THE GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY
The Directors entertain APPLICATIONS for ALLOTMENTS of GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY DEBEN'I‘UItI-l STOCK, which has been created under the powers of the Company’s Act of Is53, for the purpose of paying off“ and extinguishing the mortgage debt of the Company.
The Stock has a fixed and perpetual yearly dividend or interest, at the rate 0H per cent. per annum; and such dividend or interest is the first charge u the tolls and undertaking, and lands, tenements, and ereditaments of the Company, and has priority of payment over all other dividends on any other stock or shares, whether Ordinary, Preference. or Guaranteed.
Any amount of stock not being a fraction of a pound can be subscribed for.
Interest will commence from the date of the receipt of the money by the Company, and will ,be paid half-yearly, on the ISO: January and 15th July, by warrants on the Company's Bankers, which will be sent to the address of each registered proprietor.
Communications on the subject to be addressed to
11 EN RY OAKL BY, Secretary.
Secretary‘s Office. King's-cross Station, London,
TO IRON MASTERS
REAT NORTHERN RAILWAY.
The Directors are prepared to receive TENDERS for the
Persons disposed to Tender may obtain a eifieations and forms of Tender (on which forms only cndcrs will be received) at this omee, on or after the 15t instant.
Tenders, scaled up and marked " Tender for Chain, Spikes, or Bolts." as the case may he, must be led at. this Office before Eleven o'clock am. on FRIDAY, the 29th inst.
NIL—The Directors do not bind themselves to accept the lowest or any 'I‘ender
HENRY OAKLEY, Secretary.
Secretary's Oflice. King'wroea Station, Lendon.
ROYAL FREE HOSPITAL, Gra ’s' inn road, in the immediate vicinity of the Great ortherl Runway 'I‘eriiiinus, King's cross.
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land a ver large collection of Parisian Tables, Cabinets, and
The return of Youth to their respective Boarding schools induce a solicitude for their personal comfort and attraction, and
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ROWLANDS' ODON‘I‘O, or Pearl Dentifricc, for rendering the teeth beautifully white, and preserving the game, are considered indispensable accompaniments to the attainment of those personal advantages so universally sought for and admired.
Sold by A. ROWLAND and SONS, 20, Hatton Garden, London, and by Chemists and Pcrfumers.
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',' IIomtno ailiic Practitioners, and the Medical Profession genera ly, recommend Cocoa as being the most healthful of all haverages. When the doctrine of Homoeopathy was first introduced Into this country, there were to be obtained no preparations of Cocoa either attractive to the taste or acceptable t i the stomach : the not was i either supplied in its crude state or so uiisltilfully niann-i fnctured as to obtain little notice. i
J. RPI’S, of London, Homoeopathic Chemist, was induced in the year 1839 to turn his attention to this subject, and at lennth succeeded, with the assistance of claboratc machinery, in being the first to produce an article runs in its composition, and so refined by the perfect trituration it receives in the process it passes through, as to he most acceptable to the delicate stomach. For general use,
3 P P 8'8 0 O C O A
OCIETY of PAINTERS in WATER
CtiLOURS.—The ANNUAL WINTER EXHIBITION of SKETCH LS and STUDIES by the Members is now OPEN at their Gallery, 5 Pallmall east. 9 till dusk. Admission 1s.
JOS. J. JENKINS, Secretary.
YOUNG'S PATENT PARAFFINE OIL.
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nervous palpitation all over, ad digestion, constant sleeplessncss, low spirits. and the most intolerable nervous agitation, which prevented even her sitting down for hours together, and which for seven years had resisted the careful treatment of the best French and English medical mom—l Cure No. 1,771. Lord Stuart dc Decies, Lord-Lieutenant of Waterford, of many ears’ dyspe sia.—Cure No. 49,842.. “Fifty years' indescrf able agony rout dyspepsia, nervous-i neas, asthma, cough, constipation, flatuleney, spasms, sick- i i
ness. and vomiting. Marin Joly."-Cure No. 46,270. Mr
OLLOW AY’ S PILLS—Nothing Better.-These Invaluable Pills exert a greater and more beneficial influence over nervous dhorders than any other medicine. Their mode of action is thoroughly conr-onsnt with reason—they completely purify the blood, relieve boih head and stomach of all faulty functions. and expel all - ppresslvc accumulations fiom the bowels. With the blood purified and all poisons purged from the system, regularity must prevail throughout the body; aches and pains must cease; healthful energy must snpplanrwearlrises, and the shaky nerves mutt regain their wholesome tone. A course of iliese Pills eradicales low spirits, nervous cxcitablllty, hysteria, neuralgie twitches, and other derangements dependent on nervous maladies, whlch every considerate person may thus certainty and alfely remove.
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giving ease. nILCr the first application, and, if repeated ac. cording to the directions, seldom failing to effect a perfect cum—Price 1s. lid. and 2a. ad. per Bottle—Please observe that the names of “BARCLAY and SONS, I‘arringdon street," are engraved on the Government stamp—Sold by
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D E B ILIT Y; its Causes and Cure.
stamps, from ' Health‘ Officin Racquct court, first street,
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