Imagens das páginas

though I am sincerely desirous to live pioualy, and really to be so, I hope this does not necessarily entail the other character.

The pleasantest part of Mendelssohn’s life—when away from his family—seems to have been passed at Frankfort. Here is a charming account of a féle in a forest, which was given to him by three families of that city :

Within a quarter of an hour’s drive from the road, deep in the forest where lofty spreading beech-trees stand in solitary grandeur, forming an impenetrable canopy above, and where all around nothing was to be seen but green foliage glistening through innumerable trunks of trees,—-this was the locality. We made our way through the thick underwood, by a narrow footpath, to the spot, where, on arriving, a number of white figures were visible in the distance, under a group of trees, encircled with massive garlands of flowers, which formed the concert-room. How lovely the voices sounded, and how brilliantly the soprano tones vibrated in the air; what charm and melting sweetness pervaded every strainl All were so still and retired, and yet so bright ! I had formed no conception of such an effect. The choir consisted of about twenty good voices; during the previous rehearsal in a room, there had been some deficiencies, and want of steadiness. Towards evening, however, when they stood under the trees, and uplifting their voices gave my first song, " Ihr Viiglein in den Zweigen schwank," it was so enchanting in the silence of the woods, that it almost brought tears to my eyes. It sounded like genuine poetry. The scene too was so beautiful ; all the pretty female figures in white, and Herr B-—- standing in the centre, heating time in his shirt sleeves, and the audience seated on camp stools, or hampers, or lying on the moss. They sang through the whole book, and then three new songs which I had composed for the occasion. The third ("Lerohengesang ”) was rather exultingly shouted than sung, and repeated three times, while in the interim strawberries, cherries, and oranges were served on the most delicate china, and quantities of ice and wine and raspberry syrup carried round. People were emerging in every direction out of the thicket, attracted from a distance by the sound of the music, and they stretched themselves on the ground and listened. As it grew dark, great lanterns and torches were set. up in the middle of the choir, and they sang songs by Schelble and IIillcr, and Sohnyder, and Weber. Presently nlargs table, profusely decorated with timers and brilliantly lighted, was brought forward, on which was an excellent supper with all sorts of good dishes and wines; and it was most guist withal, and lonely in the wood, the DQSIténf. house being at the

istsnco ofnt least an hour, and the gigantic trunks of the treeslooking every moment more dark and stern, and the people under their branches more noisy and jovial. After supper they began again with the first song, and sang through the whole six, and then the three new ones, and the “ Lerchongessng" once more three times over. At length it was time to go; in the thicket we met the waggon in which all the china and plate was to be taken back to the town; it could not stir from the spot, nor could we either, but we contrived to get on at last, and arrived about midnight at our homes in Frankfort. The donors of the fele {were detained in the forest till two o’clock, packing up everything, and lost their way along with the large waggon, finding themselves unexpectedly at Isenburg; so they did not get home till long afterwards.

Mcndclssohn’s opinion of the two great pianists of his day is worth recording. lie is writing to his mother from Leipzig in 1840 :

Liszt was here for a fortnight, and caused quite a paroxysm of excitement among us, both in a good and evil sense. I consider him to be in reality an amiable warm-hearted man, and an admirable artist. not admit of a doubt; yet 'l‘halberg, with his composure, and within his more restricted sphere, is more perfect, taken as a virtuoso; and this is the standard which must also be applied to Liszt, for his compositions are inferior to his playing, and, in fact, are only calculated for virtuosos. A fantasia by 'l‘halberg (especially that. on tho “Donna del Lago") is an accumulation of the most exquisite and delicate efi'ects, and a continued succession of difficulties and embellishments that excits our astonishment; all is so vvell devised and so finished, carried out with such security and skill, and pervaded by themost refined taste. On the other hand, Lisll, poslessee a degree of velocity and complete independence of finger and a thoroughly musical feeling which can scarely be equalled. In a word, I have heard no performer whose musical perceptions, like those of Liszt, extended to the very tips of his fingcm emanating directly from them. With this power, and his enormous technicality and practice, he must have far surpassed all others, if a man’s own ideas were not after all the chief point, and these, hitherto at least, seemed denied to him ; so that in this phase of art, most of the great virtuosos equal, and indeed excel him. But that be, along with Thnlberg, alone represents the highest class of pianists of the present day, is, I think, undeniable.

Here is a sensible bit of criticism on the “Rheinlied,” which made so much stir in Germany in 1840:

The whole town here is rin ing with a song, supposed to have a political tendency against the with all their might to render it popular. In the present dearth of public topics, they succeed in this without any difficulty, and every one is speaking of the “ Rhcinlied," or the Coloynas'se, as they signifi

cantly call it. The thing is characteristic, for the first line begins, ‘

" Sic sollen ihn nicht haben, den freien Deutschen Rhcin," and at. the commencement of each verse is repeated “Never shall they have it," as if there were the least sense in such words! If they were at least changed into “ We mean to keep it,"-—but “Never shall they have it"

seems to me so sterile and futile. There is certainly something very ‘ boyish in this idea; for when I actually possess an object, and hold it‘

sure and fast, it is quite superfluous to sing, or to say, that it shall belong to no one else. This song is now sung at Court in Berlin, and in the clubs and casinos here, and of course the musicians pounce upon it like mad, and are immortalizing themselves by setting it. The Leipzic composers have already brought out no less than three melodies for it, and every day the papers make some allusion to it. Yesterday, amongst other things, they said I had also set the song, whereas I never even dreamt of meddling with such a merely defensive inspiration. So the people here lie like print,just as they do with you, and everywhere else.

We have quoted only from the first hulfof this charming

That he plays with more execution than all the others, docs'

ranch, and the journals are striving

was sent for by the Queen, who was almost alone with Prince Albert, 1 and who seated herself near the piano and made me play to her; first ‘ seven of the " songs without words," then the serenade, two impromptus on “ Rule Britannia,” Liitzow’s " Wilde Jagd," and " Gaudeamus igitur.” The latter was somewhat difficult, but remonstrance was out of the question, and as they gave the themes, of course it: was my duty to play them. Then the splendid grand gallery in Buckingham Palace where they drank tea, and where tvvo boars by Paul Potter are hanging, and a good many other pictures which pleased me well. I must tell you that my A minor symphony has, had great success with the people here, who one and all receive usl with a degree of amiability and kindness which exceeds all I have ever yet seen in the way of hospitality, though this sometimes makes me feel my head quite bewildered and strange, and I am obliged to‘ collect my thoughts in order not to lose all self-possession.

The second expresses the admiration in which Mendelssohn was held by the late Prince Consort: I

After the first performance of the “ Elijah " in London, Prince Albert ' wrote the following in the book of words which he used on that occasion, and sent it to Mendelssohn as a token of remembrance z—, “ To the noble artist who, though encompassed by the Baal-worship of false art, by his genius and study has succeeded, like another Elijah, in faithfully preserving the worship of true art; once more habituating the ear, amid the giddy whirl of empty, frivolous sound, to the pure tones of sympathetic feeling and legitimate harmony ;—to the great master who, by the tranquil current of his thoughts,’ reveals to us the gentle whisperings, as Well as the mighty strife of the ell‘nlt‘nlfl,—-ll) him is this written in grateful remembrance, by Amman—Buckingham Palace."


The New Newgate Calendar, containing the Remarkable Lives and Trials of Notorious Criminals, Past and Present. Nos. 1—10. Harrison. »

The following (according to the Inquirer) are the titles‘ of some of the tales now in course of publication in the penny and half-penny weekly journals: ‘ Itcd-llnnded Hugh, or the Heir of Osmond Hall ;’ ‘The Man in Gray,'» by the author of ‘ T he Woman in Black ;’ ' Sea Drift, Ol‘l the Wreckers of the Channel;’ ‘The Basilisk’s Eye ;" ‘Deeds of Darkness, or a Fight against Futc;’ ‘The, Smuggler Chieftain, or the Witch of Eccleston Moorfi ‘Tho Gipsey Buccaneer, or Secret of the Sea;’ ‘Claudej Duvol, or the Dashing Highwaymen ;’ ‘Gcntlemnn‘ Clifford and his White More Brilliant, or the Ladies'l| Highwaymen ;' "I‘he Hunted Felon, or n Mother's. Vengeance,’ by the author of ‘The Murdered Wife;’ ‘Oscur Bertrand,’ by the author of ‘Tlic Black Band;’ 'Curtouohe, or the Noble Highwaymanf ‘Tho Queen of Night, or tho Secret of the Red Lodge;’ ‘Isabel’s Vengeance, a Romance of London Life ;’ ".l‘he Mysteries of hlcrlin's Cnve,’ by the author of ‘Leonora, or Crime of tho Deepest Dye ;’ ‘ The Daughter of Midnight,’ by the author of ‘ Ruth the Bctrayer, or the Female Spy ;' ' Machpa, or the Dwarf’s Rovenge;' ‘Philip's Revenge, a ,Story of a Lone Island ;’ ‘ Sixteen-Stringed Jack, or the ,Daring Ilighwoymnn;’ ‘The New Mysteries of London;’ [‘The Women of London ;’ 'Jenny Diver, or the Lady ‘Highwsyman ;' ‘ Nan Darrell, or the Highwayman's l Daughter" ‘ The Red Chamber ;’ ‘ Confessions of a Ticketiof-Leave an ;’ ‘Black Bess, or the Knight of the Road ;’ | ‘ Jessie, the Mormon’s Daughter ;’ ' The Ghost's Secret, a lTale of Terror;’ ‘ Blue Skin, the only Romance giving the lfull adventures of Jonathan Wild and Jack Sheppard.’ :As for the quasi-fashionable novelists who have been lately profiting by the discovery that there are a Lady Betty and 11 Lord Tomnoddy of the drawing-room with brains gtorpid as those of Betsey and Jennies in the kitchen, that ican feel nothing short of a hot poker of murder, bigamy, ,or arson thrust into the midst of them and well stirred ,round, doubtless they will be glad to see the popularity of ,their vocation worthin attested by the fact that the last inew penny periodical is the ‘ New Newgate Calendar, conl'taining the Remarkable Lives and Trials of Notorious ’ ‘Criminals, Past and Present.’

We see no reason why this should not become a fashionable journal. It opens handsomely with a picture of a short-haired hero with a chopper, chopping at the head of a gentleman who lies on a bed with his feet where his head should be. A beautiful girl, the heroine, is holding a candle to the hero with the chopper, that he may see to amuse himself with his lively and doubtless wholesome bit of gymnastics. She looks on with quiet, sentimental interest at the chopping exercise, and a gentleman with a smile on his face is going out at the room door. What could Lady Betty or my Lord Tomnoddy desire better than this? The beautiful heroine of this picture is named Catherine Hayes, and there is a double charm in the power of associating with something delightfully infamous the well-honoured name of a singer who has discoursed in her time sweet and noble music. Of the two Catherine Hayeses, this of the New Newgate Calendar is the one now to be admired in polite circles. Only think how nice! It is, of course, her husband, to whose hacking she holds a candle. It has not occurred to her to throw



volume, in which every page contains something noteworthy. him down a well. His head is being chopped off to prevent
We must be content to extract only two more short passages. ' recognition of the body; and only think how nice l—What
The first, a description of Mendelssohn’s popularity in ‘ she proposes is, to boil the head, and pick its bones. How
London in 1842, and his reception at Buckingham Palace: 3mm the writer of this story call so charming a Catherine

I have really been urged to do too much. Lately, when playing’by such 8' hard word as d’?b°hcal? There he shows h
the organ in Christ Church, Newgste street, I almost thought, for a inferiority to the more fashionable school of novelists. He

few moments, I must have been suffocated, so great was the crowd and pressure round my seat at the organ; and two days afterwards I played in Exeter Hall before three thousand people, who shouted

urrahs and waved their handkerchiefs, and stamped with their feet till the hall rcsounded with the uproar; at the moment I felt no bad


effects from this, but next morning my head was confused and stupe- Catherine’s exalted purity of soul, and gI'OSSly 08115 her fied. Add to this the pretty and most charming Queen Victoria, who H diabolical,”

looks so youthful, and is so gently courteous and gracious, who IPeaks such good German, and who knows all my music so well; the four books of songs without words and those with words, and the symphony, and the “Hymn of Praise." Yesterday evening I

i has told us how she was first a pretty and intelligent child,


and afterwards a rustic beauty. He Works up his incidents nfter the fashion now approved by the polite; but he doesn’t affect psychological insight into the delicious

It is a pity that there should be this defect in a work otherwise so well deserving to be ranked with the best sensation romances of the day. Can Lady Betty,

derive the sense that an incident of some sort is being told from the following passage :—The head was not boiled. It was thrown into the Thames. It was found, it was bottled. What had become of the body was Catherine Hayes’s secret. But being in arrest, she asked to see the head.

And no sooner was the head uncovered before her than she threw up her arms and exclaimed in an apparent agony of passion.

“ Oh! it is his head! It is my dear husband‘s head! It is the head of my darling husband ! Oh l that my beloved one should be so Ql'uelly murdered!" and she robbed and moaned as though her heart would break. She then took the glass jar containing the head in her arms, and embraced it wildly, shedding many tears, and kissing it re catedly.

Mr Wpestbrook ofi'ered to take the head out of the jar for her, that she might have a more distinct view of it, and be certain that it was her husband’s. Catherine assented; and the head being taken out and thoroughly exposed to view, she kissed the rocking. hideous object, and bathin it in her tears, had the audacity to request that she might be indu ged with a lock of the hair.

Mr Westbrook, who had bccn Watching her movements with much disgust, told her, that he was afraid she had already too much of the blood to require any of the hair; upon which she fell intoa fit. When she racovered she was taken before the magistrates to undergo her examination with the other prisoners.

Early on this very morning, even during the time that Catherine Hayes was shedding tears of deceit and pretending to moan and sigh over the gory head of the husband she had so horribly murdered— dsring own in her dark malignity to desecrata his death-glued lips with her fiendish kisses—a gentleman named Osborn, and his servant, were riding across Marylebone fields.

Mr Osborn, a citizen, merely riding for exercise, was delighted with the calm, bright morning, and the fresh air that blow from over the fields; and raising himself slightly in the stirrups, he took I pleased survey of the scene be-furo him; admiring the fine expanse of fresh green grass, studded with well-grown trees, and here and there intersected, garden-like, with flowering hedges. While so employed, something out of the ordinary attracted his attention in a neighbouring ditch, and riding briskly forward to obtain a nearer view, he was horrified to sec that the object which attracted his attention was part of a human thigh peeping from the green vegetable scum of the foul slimy water of the ditch.

The mere incidental suggestion of “ the foul slimy \voter “ of the ditch" must have for the readers of murderbigamy - and - arson romance a. refreshment as of the suggestion of sea-breezes to minds differently constituted. Catherine Hayes was burnt alive. Wind and damp conspired, we are told, to secure her a good roasting before she died. Of course this part of the subject inspires pen and pencil; the pen, surely that of some fashionable writer, plays thus over the theme, in the hope that it may succeed in getting into the torpid brains of Betsey the kitchen maid a sense of the fact that an incident of some sort, say womanroasting, is being told to prod her mind on into some sort. of a dull intellectual movement.

Catherine had now swooncd, or at least lost all consciousness when the executioner was pulling the rope, but after the flames had compelled him to retreat, and when they had commenced to burn tierccly around her, she recovered.

The spectators then behold her pushing sway the burning faggots with her feet and hands, while forked and hungry flames darted about her, and licked and glided over her blistered, shrivelling body, like fiends over eager to ride it of her sinful soul!

Then were the ears of the hushed and horror-stricken thousands appalled by such cries for mercy issuing from her scorched blackened and cracking lips as never before reached the ears of mortal man. Cries which caused the guilty to tremble and the good to weep.

The next heroine of this new Mirror of Fashion is Amy Hutchinson, the Beauty of the Isle of Ely, “ her hazel eyes were exceedingly fine and expressive.” Here, as in the story of Catherine Hayes, the dish to feed on is a wife troubled by thoughts divided between her husband and another man, and it is of course the husband who goes to the wall. Not to the well; for this was a case of posset. Perhaps the literature that sets forth such matter is not the most wholesome posset in the world, but we beg to assure Lady Betty that Betsey in the scullery will get it quite as beautifully served up as its like is served up to her own honourable self in the boudoir. If she is just to her own taste she will take in the ‘ New Newgate Calendar,’ for can she refuse apprecia~ tion to such “ sweet" writing as this.>

William Hanshaw, Hutchinson's foreman, had carried on the business since John’s decease, but on the day that his master was found dead he had told Amy that he could not long stay under her roof. This man had been much attached to Hutchinson, and he determined to watch the widow.

On the night following the funeral he closed the shop at the usual time, but instead of going home, he, in company with a. fellow workman, ascendcd a haystack in a field adjoining Amy’s house, and the two prepared to watch her proceedings with the greatest care. They had not been hid in the haystack more than an hour or so before a mufilsd figure approached the widow’s back door, and knocked three times; the door was soon opened by Amy, who carried a light. As soon as she recognised her visitor she held out her hand, and bent forward her pretty face to salute him; in doing so she knocked off his hat, and as the man stooped and raised himself in recovering it, the light of the candle fell full upon his face, and the watchers in the haystack recognised in the widow’s visitor the well-known features of Gilbert Woodcrcft. They waited until the door was closed, and then gliding from their lair hastened to the nearest justice of the peace; but as they sped on their way they tapped at the doors of one or two of the cottages, and were joined by other men.

The day was yet in the grey dawn of its infancy, and the hushed village, nestled by the teeming fields, meadows, and uplands, seemed to slumber as in the lap of a luxuriant mother. The mom was too far advanced for the watchful jealous ours to bark at fancied enemies. The warlike roosters having crowed forth their challenges until their very, throats aehed again with venting boastful breath, had fallen in spite of themselves into a morning doze. The drowsy sheep seemed to huddle closer together, that they might obstinater convince one another daybreak was yet far off, and the cows winked and drooped the lids over their sleepy eyes, and languidly switched their tails, as though determined to forget that the maid with the milk pail ever persecuted them into the idea that they were allowed the run of the fat meadows for other than ornamental purposes. The impatient chirp of the skylark was now and then heard, but all else was hushed and quiet. Now was the green leaf unfolding under the genial rays of the young sun of a summer morn. Now Were the glorious flowers being dyed in their most magic hues. Now the parched petals raised themselves to drink the holy dew of morn, and the blushing rose again drooped her head, ashamed of the diamond drops she had wooed to her scented bosom being spied by the eeping honeysuckle who


in the most torpid phase of her habituallnanity, fail to

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V Hdrhaa ;ants soon begin to am the beauty of the scene- That “ else the body is laid upon a bier in the woods until the ; is common there, and found the reports previously received

ahimneya in the village began to send forth their smoke; the maids to olattcr about the farm-yards; the roosters crowed loudly, cows lowed, dogs barked, sheep bloated, and swiuish wails burst forth now and then in anything but heavenly music; while hero and there a mischievous-looking, rough-headed, laughing-eyed infantile face ring through the doors, gave promise that the village Would shortly

e all astir.

Suddenly the door of the Red Lion was thrown open. No unusual event, for the Lion wasas active as any other notable in the village; perhaps more so, for he rose early and went late to bed. But, on this particular occasion, a ploughboy in an adjoining field was scandalised to behold a crowd of well-dressed individuals issuing from the Red Lion at that. early hour. He could swear to one 'ustice, two constables, the curate, the doctor, the lawyer, the linendraper, the grocer, the baker, the butcher, and he was certain he could see the widow Hutchinson’s maid-servant and workpeople. Some of the people carried spados and picks, and World all issuing from the Lion in the most orderly manner. \Vhat could it moan i The worthy, gaping rustic was so bent upon knowing that he dropped his yoke, and scampcred off to mix in the crowd.

Upon leaving the Red Lion, the crowd walked steadily on to the l in the romantic harbour of Pago Page—once the crater of a escape

ohnrchyard; when arrived at the gates, some men entered with s ades and picks, and approaching the grave in which the body 0 Hutchinson had been deposited on the previous Sunday, began to dig up the coffin.

The next is a murder story. The next, illustrated with the picture of a fashionable young lady being entreated by a gentleman highwayman in moustache, ringlets, and ruffles to elope, is entitled ‘Adventures of James Maclane, Seducer, Swindler, and Highwaymen.’ This is followed by the autobiography of ‘ Beau Langley, Scholar, Libertine, Pickpocket, and Highwaymen.’ The latest number of this new journal for tho Drawing-room and Scullery, published the day after Christmas day, ends with the story of “ the “ celebrated robber Joseph Thompson Hare. He was a " man of large natural abilities, great personal courage and “ determination, and notwithstanding his wicked course of “ life, was full of generous and manly qualities.” In fact, he was a true hero of sensation literature.

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While disclaiming the intention of “ making a book," Mr Hood has written a very interesting volume. In a simple, unaffected way he has told the story of a visit to one of those numerous groups of islands which stud the Pacific Ocean, and has given us many curious details of the manners and customs of a very interesting people as yet only half civilized. Sydney Harbour was the point of departure and return of the Fawn, and the cruise which Mr Hood describes extended as far as the Samoan group. After calling at Auckland, the ship of war "shaped her course for those islands, and on the nineteenth day, after leaving Hauraki gulf, sighted the little-known island of Nine, to which Captain Cook, on account of the ferocity of the inhabitants, gave the name of “ Savage,” :1 name which now appears to be little merited, the greeting which the Fawn received being altogether friendly, and the first salutation by which she was accosted creating great surprise.

At half-past ten o’clock we stood in within four miles of the land, when we saw the canoes of the natives paddling towards us. They soon came alongside, but as we were going fast through the water, the first two or three failed to catch the ropes thrown to them. Not in the least disooncerted, their merry-looking crews of four in each boat plied their paddles lustily, and although we ware going six knots, did not drop much nstcrn. Sail having been shortened, the next canoe succeeded in getting hold of the line, and one of the men, taking otl‘ his mat, rolled it round in a plantain leaf, and, with a net in his teeth, plunged into the water, and came up under the tafi‘rail, calling out, to our surprise, “You fiicnd Engleez; give rope, all rightl " He soon came up on the loose line thrown to him, hand over hand, and made his appearance on deck decently attired in a clean fringed mot. He was followed by another, who, not so particular, came up with his kilt of green leaves of the Dracmna, all dripping, looking like a verizable son of the sea-god. They were quickly succeeded by numbers, and we had before long eighteen to twenty canoes alongside with pigs, plantains, bananas, moldy-apples, cocoa-nuts, spears, and other articles of commerce. They seemed very anxious to trade, and had their little shops all along the dock. We soon found they had a " pretty smart" idea of the value of a " tanna,” as they had learned to call a shilling, and of doing business, gained, no doubt, by their intercourse with whalers, sailing under the " stars and stripes," which we found were now constantly in the habit of coming here for supplies. Instead of tho uncouth ferocious savages we had expected, we found them pleasant, good-looking fellows, of a light olive complexion, with well-shaped features, clean, quite sufficiently attired for the climate, very merry and happy, but quiet, and remarkably well behaved. The younger men were ready for any “ lark," as the sailors said, and after being decorated in fantastic style in the forecaslle, with red and green paint (for which the artists were paid liberally with shells and bananas) some of them danced with great glee, and in good time, to the jigs and hornpipcs played by the ship’s musician. The only fan: pas I observed committed was by one who, having obtained possession of a marine’s old scarlet jacket in exchange for his goods, had struggled into it as a pair of brooches, and came ignominiously upon his back on the

uarter-deck. He heartily enjoyed the absurdity of his position,

om which four stout fellows cxtricated him with some difficulty amid shouts of laughter. Bright cotton handkerchiefs, fish-hooks, knives and trousers, seemed most prized; and many were the inqnigin shade for Jew’s harps, of which, unfortunately, we had none on our .

How the natives of Nine had become familiar with the English language was caplained by the fact that intercourse with American Whalers was frequent, and that a missionary and his wife were living on the island. Though the extension of Christianity amongst the inhabitants had greatly tended towards their civilisation, it was found that many old customs still prevailed. “ The women,” says Mr Hood, “are modest; infidelity is severely punished, “ and illegitimate children are always thrown into the sea. “ Suicide is not unusual, when urged by some violent “ paroxysm of passion, they rush to the edge of some high “ coral cliff, and throw themselves down headlong. Their " dead are generally put into a canoe, and sent adrift; or

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skeleton is bleached, when the bones are placed in family vaults in the limestone.”

There being no anchorage at Nine, the Fawn remained there only a single day, and then proceeded to Samoa,-—the

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,‘visiting party landing in canoes at Falcasau, on the island.

‘of Manu’a. Here their reception was quite enthusiastic,
:‘and, to avoid repetition, the same may be said of the
‘conduet of the natives wherever the Papalangis (as the
, English are called) went ashore. The Samoaus, indeed, are
every amiable race, and civilization is making great pro-
lgress amongst them; to show their hospitalit , pleasant-
, faced damscls fanned the English officers as they lunched
at one of the chief’s houses on baked fowls and yams,
bread-fruit and paln-sammy, the last an excellent dish
made of the tops of the Taro (the Arum. esculcnlum), and
cocoa-nut. At T utuila, the next island, the Fawn anchored

i volcano,—and during a week’s stay there was much intercourse. The men of Tutuila are fine, handsome fellows, whose usual dress is a “ tite" or kilt of the green leaves of the Dracwna. tenninalis or a flowing dress, called “lava“lava,” of coloured siapo (made of the inner bark of the mulberry) and sometimes of white cotton, and they are in general elaborately tattooed from the waist to the knees, in a most artistic manner. The women, though nice-looking and strongly-made, cannot, Mr Hood thinks, he called pretty, but they make the most of themselves, and their dress is becoming, consisting of siapo robes or short petticoats of dracama, : they also wear wreaths of scarlet hibiscus flowers in the hair, which is cut. short and brushed back, (1 Z'Impératrice, and powdered with fine coral lime. As such well-attired ladies deserve, they are treated by the male sex with great consideration. Both men and women are a gay, light-hearted race, and dancing is their great amusement. How a ball is conducted in Tutuila, Mr Hood tells us as follows:

First entered five or six splendid-looking fellows in full native costumc, wearing small aprons of red dracmna, which being oiled glittcrcd and reflected a dark red light. All the tattooing is visible, of course. On their heads were full wigs of a reddish colour, frizzed out gloriously, made of their own hair, which every man for a certain period allows to grow long for the purpose of making thcse headdresses, worn in war and dance. Around their foreheads they twine strings of large heads made from the pearl nantilus shell, or coronets of the flowers of the scarlet hibiscus, which, together, look very handsome. The performance cannot properly be termed dancing. They go through an infinite variety of strango motions and attitudes, springing up at times many feet from the ground, their agility and correctness being anxiously watched and criticised by the assembly, especially the leader’s, who is generally some young chief, whose every motion is instantly followed by all the others. In the rapidity and exactness of imitation and exact time consists the perfection of the performance. When they left the house a number of girls entered, who went through a somewhat similar set of evolutions with infinite exactness and grace. It may scorn incredible to our fair sisters in England that a young lady, arrs ed in no other garment but a mat tied round her waist, should look handsomely dressed, but could they see those Samoan belles enter the circle in thtir full evening costume, with their coroncts of nantilus shell and scarlet hibiscus, and their necklaces of rod and yellow flowers, I believe they would admit that their appearance is highly imposing. Some were beautifully plaitcd fine mats, which are so highly prized that they cost more than a rich silk or satin dress. Others had white shaggy dresses, made from the inner fibres of the hibiscus, the amplitude of which would satisfy the most extensive patroness of crinoline, and indulged in trains equalling in length those worn by the domes of England in former days, while their carriage and airs plainly showed that, whatever we might think, they felt themselves superior beings.

Not on all occasions, however, do these gay damscls limit their ndornmcnts to the promptings of a natural taste. Though they know nothing of the prevalent custom among English ladies of making themselves as smart as possible when they go to church, they have instinctively hit upon the same plan, and accordingly Mr Hood, when he attended the mission-church, saw very much what he might have seen in any place of worship in England.

I confess (he says) it was rather difficult to preserve onc’s gravity. Wherever one’s eyes turned, they were sure to rest upon something most astounding in the way of bonnets. Under a huge coalscuttle of native manufacture, built upon the most exaggerated state of the fashion prevailing when Europeans first came to these islands, you saw the happy contented-looking face of a girl, looking as though she had been got up for a pantomime, who, in her native head-dress of a single flower, would have been much more becomingly arranged. Perhaps beside her eat her mother, who, with spectacles on her nose, pored over her book with an equally astonishing work of art overshadowing her ahrunken figure.

The Samoans are every courteous people and understand the laws of politeness as well as Lord Chesterfield, who, besides teaching its study to a son who turned out a cub, practised it in his dying moments, “Give Mr Duyrolles “ a chair,” being almost the last words the sick man uttered. In their “ fonos ” or public meetings, the strictest attention is paid to precedency, and it would be an excess of ill-breeding unheard of among themselves to walk across the circle round which the chiefs are seated. “ Sometimes a white man, looking upon himself as far "' superior to the ‘ savages,’ that he may infringe all their “ rules, marches carelessly with his pipe in his mouth in “front of the speaker. The only remark they make is, “ ‘ Oh, the poor white pig, he knows no better.’ ” White pigs are plenty enough, as every day’s experience shows. Mauga, the principal chief of 'l‘utuila, afforded evidence by his own conduct of his powers of restraint, a convertible term for politeness, for in an entertainment given on board the Fawn in his honour, though suffering from a severe attack of fever, he behaved with perfect amenity and good humour, not for a moment allowing his indisposition to betray him into the slightest breach of etiquette.

While at Tutuila, Mr Hood was desirous of ascertain;ing the habits of the Ou-ou, a cocoa-nut eating crab which


about them corroborated:

Mr Darwin mentions that in the Seychelles, and elsewhere, there is a species which is in the habit of hacking the nuts on the ground, and then tapping one of the eyes with its great claw to reach the l kernel. Its congener here ascends thc cocoa-trees, and having thrown the nuts down, husks them on the ground; this operation performed, again ascends with the nuts, which he throws down, generally breaking them at the first attempt, but if not successful, repeating it until the object is attained. Wherever one goes here, individuals of the crab genus are to be seen, well deserving the appellation of their great relative; for not content with robbing the occupants of different land and sea shells of their lives, they walk off with their houses, and are to be seen marching about in all directions with divers-shaped tenements on their backs, out of which the natives have an odd way of whistling them.

Three or four of these crabs of enormous size were caught during Mr Hood’s stay, and their strength was evinced by 'their bursting the coils of cocoa-nut rope in their efforts to The land crab (Gegarcinus) is common also in i Tutuila, and its habits correspond with those of the West l Indian species. A neighbouring island abounds with hermit-crabs, of which Mr Hood says:

It was amusing to see walking up the trees and along the branches, sea-shells of all colours and species, each being the stolen abode of one of these robbers, which, if you approach the tree, tumble down from it at ones like a shower of crab-apples. The way (he adds) r in which these creatures adapt themselves to their habitation is very ‘ interesting, their two larger claws forming, when retracted, a perfect


i We have spoken of the civilised habits of the Samoans, _‘ but progress is greatly checked by the jealousy that exists

between the chiefs, leading them to the practice of great barbarity, an illustration of which is thus given by Mr 1 Hood :


“Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown " in Samoa, as elsewhere. There is great jealousy existing amongst the principal chiefs, and they never go to sleep without guards on the watch, lest they should be murdered by the often unbidden retainers of some rival chicf. They come in the darkness of night, oiled all over, and with their hair cut short, so that they cannot be easily lsid hold of, and like the Thugs, gently tickle the sleeping unfortunate until he is in the position required for effecting his destruction in a manner similar to that by which Edward II. perished. The instrument used is the slander barbed “ sting ” of the Kay, which, penetrating further and further into the intestines, causes a certain but cruelly lingering death.



Some lingering superstitions—additional obstacles to improvement—also exist in the Camoan islands, and a certain American whaling captain told Mr Hood the following amusing anecdote in illustration:

Off an island near the Line, some time ago, the natives came on board the ship in great numbers, and Were thronging in over the bulwarks in a very suspicious inauncr, whilst more canoes were seen coming off from the shore with armed crews. They were consulting on board how they should get rid of their visitors withouta collision, when one of the sailors happened to go near a large whito cociratoo, who immediately raised his crest, and commenced his gnrruloua speech. Instantly, with the wildest exclamation of alarm, the savages jumped ovarboard as fast as they could, and warning their friends of the presence of this awful “Aitu,” they made tor the shore ; nor could any persuasion induce one to venture into his presence again.

Mr Hood adds that another vessel had a somewhat similar escape at Byron Island, where a jabbering assembly of invaders were scared away by a barrel organ,-—but in this instance the Polynesians only did what we ourselves should have done,—they leapt overboard at once and fled from the angry God of the whale-catching white men. It is curious to find how customs prevail among these islanders which were observed in Europe not later than two or three centuries ago. Mr Hood tells us that the Samoan chiefs keep fools, or privileged jeaters, but he gives them a bad character, calling them “ most offensive rascals," and this may well be so, seeing “ their chief recommendation is “ making hideous noises and taking insolent liberties, which. “ would cost others their lives, such as walking over the “ chief’s legs, snatching his food from before him, and so on." It appears they are trained in impudence from their youth to fit them for their calling. These practical jokers represent a phase of Samoan merriment: grief, m_o_no of its forms, is displayed in the amputation of finger jomts. Of the beauty of the scenery in Tutullo, we have the following animated picture:

We rode out to-day on one of the little, active, island-bred horses, some miles into the country. The road or rather pathway, led us through a most luxuriant forest of cocoa-nut, bread-fruit, and orange trees, minglcd with bananas; underneath, in thcmoist shade-flourished a rank growth of pine-apples, red-peppers, etc. After a mile or two, these plantations, as they are called, gavo place to larger forest-trees, conspicuous among which was the beautiful banyank out and in amongst whose feathery branches sailed the boatswam-btrds in their snowy plumage, locking almost transparent against .010 bright my a of the tropical sun. We reached a picturesquo village wrth open glades, in which a few cattle were feeding, givingIlife to the scene. Through it ran a sparkling little river, now rushing swrftly among the basaltic rocks in its bed, at the foot of high cliffs, over which hung beautiful true-ferns, and frequently leaping in bright cascades over the dykes of lava, from fifty to a hundred feet high, over which the native girls rejoiced to plunge themselves.

But however charming to the eye, the country, owing to the damp heat, is very undesirable for a European to dwcll in.

On leaving the Samoan Islands Mr Hood has a few words to say respecting cannibalism. To this reproach the Samoans are not open:

They may perhaps have been so to a certain extentin remote times; but so far as their own traditions reach. they never actually had a relish for “ Bskole," or human flesh. This word (literally meaning “ eating food ") is the only one the Fijians have to denote the human body, unless indeed when they speak of Puaka-balava, or long pig, in contradictinction to Puaka-dina, short pigs _ They admit that at. times an enemy, notorious for cruelty and hostility, has been cooked, and a portion of the body tasted by each of ill. conquerors .ns the token of utmost detestation and triurn hant vcngcancg. Nor did they ever practise any of the horrible crue ties of the bumps and other Melanasians (as the islanders of the Papuan or Negrtllo race are called by the French), who launched their wsr‘canoes over the prostrate bodies of half a hecatomb of living men, used as rollers; and with each post of a new house, buried some unfortunates alive, placed in the post-holes, each standing up with his arms round the tree. Of the ferocity of these savages, no stronger illustration can be given than the lament of a chief over his son, whose many virtues and amiable qualities he enumerated in the bitterness of his sorrow, winding up with the exclamation, "Oh my son, my soul So just, so brave, and fierce was he; if even any of his own wives disobeycd him, be cooked and ate them on the spot! "


The return voyage of the Fawn included a visit to Use or Wallis Island, for the purpose of enforcing payment of a fine of twenty tune of cocoa-nut oil inflicted by the Commander of HMS. Elk, for plundering a vessel which got ashore on a reef and maltreating her crew. Into the rights of this question it is not necessary to enter, though we are inclined to think, with Mr Hood, that the natives

many of his countrymen, first by unscrupuloust fulsome adulation, and afterwards by an unscrupulous detraction. He was over-cautious, indeed, but of blameless probity, and to him alone was due the rescue of Maryland. Captain ’Chesney points out that Lee also, as after knowledge lproved, lost by over-caution a great opportunity of follow‘ing up his victory at Fredericksburg.

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words may be given to the Queen of the island, a very old Th, volumeg (Fem 8,0, m, 320, m, 264.) Chapman and Hall.

lady, who very politely received the unpleasant demand,‘

seated on a throne composed of folded “tapas” (cloths), with one round her waist and not a very elegant dimity upper garment, having two maids of honour on either side, and a large assembly of sages, sitting cross-legged on mats, around. Her chief interpreter and principal adviser was an individual named Solomon. native is not stated, but he had once been a cab-driver for two years in Paris, and consequently spoke French, besides a little English. By her minister’s recommendation the Queen, after a good deal of feminine (or political) controversy, agreed to settle the demand, and the various interviews for the purpose of ensuring its acceptance passed off very pleasantly. Mutual compliments were paid, and the Queen, in approval of those which were paid by Captain Cater of the Fawn, patted her “ tapa ” approvingly with her three fingers, “ her allowance on either hand, the “ others having been sacrificed, joint by joint, as tributes “ of affection, upon their death, to her dead relatives.” Leaving the Feejee group unvisited, the Fawn, after quitting Uea, and touching at New Caledonia, proceeded to Norfolk Island, not long since a name of terror, but now, we are glad to find, a place which Mr Hood describes as one of the loveliest spots on earth, and “now occupied by perhaps “ the most moral and well-behaved community in exist“ once, after having been for fifty years a blot upon the “ face of creation.”

A Military View of Recent Campaigm in Virginia and Maryland. By Capt. C. C. Chesney, R.E., Professor of Military History, Sandburst College. With Maps. Smith, Elder, and Co.

This is precisely the sort of book on the American War that is most wanted by those who endeavour at moderate cost to place on their own shelves clear and sufficient records of contemporary history. It is well for those who can afford to keep their libraries well stocked with literature of the day, to give a few shelves to a collection of the scattered voices that express the conflict of the mind in a historical event of such moment as the transatlantic Civil War. How diverse are those voices, and what large books have sometimes been written to set forth such a theory as might be enounced sound and complete in ten minutes of speculative after-dinner talk, we have already briefly shown. Of books absolutely dispassionate, that give with original thought and some freshness of information, a critical narrative of events approaching as nearly as may be to the dignity of contemporary history, the number is very few indeed. There are several volumes of remarkably good picturesque description, the lively records of eye-witnesses, including anecdotes and biographical sketches; but many who get such books from the circulating library, ask where they may find a volume or two not too expensive for the multitude of private book-buyers, that will narrate and interpret simply and soundly, without any ornamental wilderness of words, the whole or part of the tale of the Civil War, in a way convenient for present information and for future reference. One such book is this volume by Captain Chesney, Professor of Military History at Sandhurst. It is a book for the home library, not much more than 200 pages long, and divesting the subject of all passionate feeling, it describes the unsuccessful operations of the North against the Southern Capital. Having sketched from the military historian’s point of view the theatre of war, the armies and their leaders, Captain Chesney writes the history of McClellan’s advance on Richmond by the Peninsula and his retreat; of Pope's campaign in Virginia ; of the attempt of the South to turn the tide of war back into Maryland and Pennsylvania. He tells how check was put upon this project by the battle of Antietam, and how the subsequent fourth invasion of Virginia was followed by the dismissal of McClellan, and the appointment of Burnside as his successor. Captain Chesney then describes the nature of Burnside’s change of base, and the defeat he prepared for himself at Fredericksburg, in December 1862. Here the narrative ends with the important chapter of military history of which it gives a clear detail; the detail of a skilled critic, who knows what are essential facts in the great miscellany of reports from public and private correspondents on the spot, and of a critic who is also well supplied with private communications from spectators of the incidents he narrates and interprets. A chapter is added by which the narrative is advanced to the battle of Chancellorsville, won by J ackson's successful flank march, and the book ends with the death of General Jackson, on the 11th of May, last year. While defining the nature of the superior generalship of the Southern leaders, Captain Chesney is just to McClellan, who suffered at the hands of

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re. Depictcd by Robert Smirke. (Square limo, 9 photoL. Booth.

Wmn.—‘The Vine and its Fruit, more especiallv in relation to the Production of Wine; embracing an Historical and Descriptive Account of the Grape, its Culture and Treatment in all Countries, Ancient and

'Modcrn. Drawn from the best Authorities, and incorporating a Brief

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To our usual classified list of the new books of each week we shall henceforth join a current account of what they look like. Except that a couple of general reports upon the Fiction and the Verse of 1863 are due from us, and that a few sterling works are yet reserved for notice at the leisure such books only can afford to wait, we enter into the new year with an unusually light satchel of unnoticed literature at our back. So long as we don't set ourselves up for critics who, like one of the spiritualists of the day, have only to touch a book to know everything about it, we may make the simple weekly report of a glance through the new books and pamphlets convenient to readers and an act of fair justice to many writers. But such report will be, of course, only the supplement to a full critical notice of the chief works of general interest published in this country during the year.

Of a book like Mr Jamison’s ‘ Life and Times of Bertrand du Guesclin,’ we can any little more than that the volumes are handsome, that the work is printed upon fine toned paper, and that it has prefixed to it a portrait of Du Guesclin engraved on steel. But while we defer criticism of a book that can be judged only after careful reading, and is not to be read in a day, it is but the labour of a few minutes to cut the pages of the preface and tell from them how the author himself describes his design in writing of Du Guesclin the son of a poor and obscure Breton knight, leader of a band of adventurers during the wars between John de Montfort and Charles de Blois for the succession to the Duchy of Brittany, who having won fame in his own province, attracted the notice of the King of France by his daring courage, led the Free Companies into Spain, dethroned Peter the Cruel, and came home to France where he was made Constable and gradually drove the English out of all their extended possessions in that country, until little was left them but the city of Bordeaux in the south and Calais in the north. Mr Jamison sees in this hero a man of stern virtue, and in his times the interesting transition period,

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when the feudal system was being forced to yield to the

growing influence of the communes and of men acting in masses, when chivalry began to decline and the true influence of woman was enlarged as she became more free the age of Chaucer in England and Froissart in Frame; We may also, without affecting premature criticism a1; once give as much interest to the book as belongs ti; its date from Charleston, and the fact stated in his preface by the author, that the civil war broke off from his work an account of Europe during the first half of the fourteenth century, which he designed for its introduction, but has had neither the leisure nor the heart to write; and that the book, which is the result of six or seven years Of assiduoug labour, had to bear all risk of loss in running the blockade before it could be published.

The other biography of the week is the first of two volumes that are to tell the Life of the Rev Dr Lyman Beecher. It contains portraits well executed in litho. graphy of Dr Beecher, at the ages of 28 and 58, and a few sketches in woodcut of localities connected with his life. Dr Beecher was the father of Mrs Beecher Stowe. He was descended from J ohu Beecher, one of a highly-respectable party of merchants and others led by a London clergyman, who settled in New England in 1638, 18 years after the arrival of the Mayflower. His great grandfather was strong enough to lift a barrel of cider and drink out of the bunghole. His grandfather was only able to lift the barrel of cider into a cart. His father also could lift the barrel of cider out of the cart and carry it into the cellar. Dr Beecher’s grandfather and father both were blacksmiths. His father was a well-read man, with whom college students boarded, and who remembered everything he had read ; but when he came in from the barn with his pocket full of eggs at least twelve times he was known to sit upon them. Such anecdotes of the past cheerful Doctor Beecher remembered when in his later years he thought of writing a history of his own life and times. He was, we are told in the introduction to the book, a careful writer. Though in speaking he used rustic dialect and would say “ creetur” and “ notur,” in writing his sister has it that “ he was given to the lust of finishing." More than once he began his autobiography; he got his son to arrange his sermons, letters, and MSS. Then, in the sitting-room of his daughter, Mrs Stowe, he would tell his life conversationally, while his children questioned him and wrote down what he told and they elicited. Afterwards what was produced thus was read over to him, or compared with recollections of other of his children, and in this pleasant domestic way grew that autobiography of an American divine of which the first volume is in our list of Books of the Week.

Lady Horuby’s ‘ Constantinople during the Crimean War’ is a book expensiver produced, and illustrated with five or six coloured lithographs from pictures of harem life by Mrs Walker. The work is stated, iua note prefixed to it, to be an edition for the public, remodelled and enlarged, of a work by Lady Hornby entitled ‘ In and Around Stamboul,’ of which, some years ago, only a limited number of copies were printed. It is in the form of private letters from the authoress, chiefly to her own nearest relatives.

The neat little library edition of the ‘ Poetical Works of Henry Taylor’ is a pleasant companion to the recent issue of the works of Robert Browning, by the same publishers, Messrs Chapman and Hall. The first volume contains ‘ Philip van Artevelde ;’ the second, ‘ Edwin the Fair’ and ‘Isaac Comuenus ’; the third, ‘ a Sicilian Summer,’ ‘ St Clement’s Eve’ and the lesser poems. Each volume is provided with an independent title-page, and may be procured for binding as a separate and independent work.

The novels of the week are the ‘Belle of the Village' and the ‘ Belle of the Ball.’ The ‘ Belle of the Village’ is a two shilling reprint of a tale by Mr John Mills. The ‘ Golden Rule,’ which gives its name to the little book by Miss Mary C. Hume, is the first of seven simple tales for children, here and there with a few wholesome lines of musical verse interpolated between one story and another. We have read enough of this little volume to entitle us at once to recommend it as a story book with enough quickness of incident to please the young. It is the Work of an earnest, graceful mind, here and there directly religious in the tone of thoughts alive with a sense of love to God revealed in His Son and in Nature, but unsectarian, and nowhere risking failure of impression on the young mm by obtrusive preachfuluess.

At once, too, we may commend, as we describe, 8 charming like gift book, issued by Mr Booth, of small photographs, that exquisitely reproduce Smirke’s illustrations to the ‘Seven Ages of Man,’ Shakespeare's 111168 facing each illustration; photographs of Shakespeare, from the Stratford monument and from Droeshout’s engravrng, are prefixed to this little book, which, in its elegant whlie and gold, or crimson and gold cover, is a fit ornament for any table. _ _

Mr Denman’s book upon the ‘Vine and its Fruit’ 18 an enlarged edition of a former essay. .

‘Counsel and Comfort spoken from a City Pulpit! 1! “ prettily printed volume of sixteen sermons, by the author of ‘ Recreations of a Country Parson,’ prefaced by a repl'lflt from ‘ Good Words ’ of his essay ‘ Concerning the close of Holiday Time; with some thoughts on Pulpits.’ ‘ Golden Words ’ is a series of extracts chiefly from Divine: 0f Part of the fifteenth and of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, compiled by a lay member of the Church of Englfllldo with a prefatory collection of short page-long biographm of authors quoted.

Dean Alford’s little book on the ‘ Queen's English ' W35 first born in the excellent periodical ‘ Good Words.’ All


essay of his in that journal produced strictures from a Mr Washington Moon, by which the Dean seems to have been urged to write more, and to lay stress enough on his subject to form what he has written into a little book, which will invite, we hope, serviceable discussion, and of which we shall not omit in due time to speak as it deserves.


‘Ths Bundle of Ballads,’ edited by the author of ‘ Guy Livingstone,’ which represents the verse of the week, is handsomely printed. Of its quality we shall speak when we speak, as we mean soon to do, of the main body of the poetry of the year 1863.

Three of the monthly publications in our list are new. The first shilling part of the Rev. J. G. Wood’s ‘Homes without Hands ’ is very nicely printed and neatly produced, with five excellent woodcuts, including a whole page picture and sectional plan of a Prairie Dog Town, and two sheets of clearly printed text in demy octavo. This first number describes the homes of burrowing mammalia, including the Mole, the Fox, the Badger, and the Rabbit. Part 1 of ‘ Christian Work,’ published at the office of ‘Good Words,’ is, in fact, the recommeneement, in a modified form, of the plan of a recent journal, entitled ‘ Christian Work all over the \Vorld.’ It is a magazine of religious and missionary information, of about the sizs of ‘ Chambers’s Journal,’ clearly printed in double columns, forty-eight pages in the sixpenny part, and contains first, papers of information and

criticism, then letters descriptive of the movements, in all countries effecting Christian Work, and lastly, a short 5 account of New Books bearing on home and foreign mis-l sionary work. The third novelty of the week is Number 1 l of a new series, the fourth, of our excellent old friendl ‘ Chambers's Journal,’ with new type larger and rather more i “mm {mm this weak" numb“

luminous than of old, but withrunfailing signs of the old clear head and right heart that have been its life for twoand-thirty years.

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William Makepeace Thackeray belonged to a Yorkshire family, and was descended from that Dr Thackeray who was for some time Head Master of Harrow, and who introduced the Eton system there. His father, the son of the Rev. B. Thackeray, of Hadley, in Middlesex, Was in the Civil service of the East India Company, and the subject of this memoir was born at Calcutta in 1811. The future author was sent to England in his seventh year, when, the ship having touched at St Helena, he saw Napoleon. He has himself described the incident. “My black servant took me a walk over paths and hills till we passed a garden, where we saw a man walking. ‘ That is Bonaparte,’ said the black ; ‘ he eats three sheep every day, and all the children he can lay his hands on.’ " Thackeray was placed at the school of the Charterhouse, commemorated in more than one of his works in a spirit of affectionate loyalty. From thence he proceeded to Cambridge, but left the University without taking a degree. On coming of age he found himself in possession of a fortune of 20,000!., but not wishing to lead an idle life he chose the profession of an artist, in the pursuit of which he visited Italy and Germany. For a time he resided at Weimar when Goths was at the summit of his fame, and in a letter to Mr G. H. Lewes he has given his reminiscences of the greatest of German poets and critics. It was when he was about three-and-twenty years of age, and when his inherited fortune had been much reduced by losses, that Mr Thackeray gave his thoughts in earnest to literature. He began as a writer in Fraser's Magazine, in the days when Dr Maginn was its ruling spirit, and, under the name of Michael Angelo Titmarsh, wrote numberless essays, reviews, tales, sketches and poems of various degrees of merit. He also contributed to other periodicals, and worked for numerous publishers, without, however, acquiring much pecuniary advantage from his untiriog labour. The first of his works which appeared in a separate form were “ The Paris Sketch Book ” (1840), and “ The Second Funeral of Napoleon,” and " The Chronicles of a Dream," in metre, published together (1841). But neither these, nor “ The Irish Sketch Book " (1843), made a permanent impression on the public. From an early date he was connected with Punch, at first as the “ Fat Contributor," and soon after as the author of the inimitable “J eames's Diary," and “ The Snob Papers,” contributions which greatly attracted public attention. In 1846 he advanced to a higher form of composition than he had before attempted. His first and perhaps greatest novel, “Vanity Fair,” began to appear in that year, and being continued in monthly parts, grew in public favour until, on its completion in 1848, its author was universally recognised as one of our greatest living writers of fiction. Passing over some small occasional and Christmas books, "Notes of a Journey from Cornhill to Grand Cairo (1846), “Mrs Perkins’s Ball " (1847), “ Dr Birch and his Young Friends " (1849), we come to “Pendennis,” a young man of not the most amiable character, whom Mr Thackeray invited the world, “knowing how mean the best of us is,” to receive with charity “with all his faults and shortcomings, who does not claim to be a hero, but only a man and a brother.” In 1851 Mr Thackeray delivered at Willie's rooms a course of “ Six Lectures on the English Humourists," which delighted some of the most brilliant audiences which have honoured a literary man in these days, and have since been numbered with his published works. In 1852 “The History of Henry Esmond, Esq." was given to the world, and was followed by “ The Newcomer," in 1855. The success of the lectures on the English Humourists, and the tendency of the historical studies evident in " Esmcnd," led Mr Thackeray to prepare a series of lectures on “ The Four Georges," which he delivered first in the United


States, and afterwards in London. In 1857 Mr Thackeray solicited the sufi‘rsges of the constituency of the city of Oxford, but his opponent, Mr Cardwell, was returned. In the same year he published his “Virginians,” the last of his principal novels. In 1860 he became the editor of the Cornhill Magazine, in which appeared “ Level the Widower " and “ The Adventures of Philip," and at the time of his death he was engaged on a work of fiction which is spoken very highly of by those to whom the earlier sheets were shown.

Mr Thackeray's association with the newspaper press, though formed while he was still a very young man, was never permanent. In the year 1836, when the Constitutional daily paper was established on ultra-liberal principles, under a directory of which his step-father, Major Carmichael Smith, was a prominent member, Thackeray was the colleague of Douglas Jerrold, Laman Blanchard, and one or two other literary men who still survive,-—his services being rendered in the shape of letters from Paris, where, after the failure of the Constilutr'onal from pecuniary causes, he continued to reside, and where he chiefly lived for several years afterwards. On the unhappy decease of Laman Blanchard, in the beginning of the year 1845, Mr Thackeray, who had just returned from that journey, the account of which when published bore the title of “From Cornhill to Cairo," occupied the post of sub-editor of this journal, but retained it for a few months only,—and from that time to the date of his lamented death, all regular connection with journalism ceased, though to Punch, as we have seen, he still continued a constant contributor. How he earned the affection of his colleagues in that famous periodical may be gathered from the following words which we “ While generous tributes are everywhere paid to the genius of him who has been suddenly called away in the fulness of his power and the maturity of his fame, some who have for many years enjoyed the advantage of his assistance and the delight of his society would simply record that they have lost a dear friend. At an early period in the history of this periodical he became a contributor to its pages, and he long continued to enrich them ; and though of late he ceased to give other aid than suggestion and advice, he was a constant member of our council, and sat with us on the eighth day from that which has saddened England’s Christmas. Let the brilliancy of his trained intellect, the terrible strength of his satire, the subtlety of his wit, the richness of his humour, and the catholic range of his calm wisdom, be themes for others: the mourning friends who inscribe these lines to his memory think of the affectionate nature, the cheerful companionship, the large heart and open hand, the simple courteousness, and the endearing frankness of a brave, true, honest gentleman, whom no pen but his own could depict as those who knew him would desire."

Tar. ruxnnar. of Mr Thackeray took place at Kensal-green cemetery on Thursday, and the ceremony is thus described by one who was present: “The day was beautifully fine, with a clear blue sky, and a warm sun shining brightly down on the white monuments with which the burial-ground is so plentifully studded, and which, from the had arrangement and incongruity of design, give the place very much the appearance of a stone-cutter’s yard. The entrance gate is approached from the shabbiest suburb in the neighbourhood of London, and the inhabitants were at the time the funeral procession was expected all engaged in their ordinary occupations, a funeral being an every-day, almost an every-hour, occurrence in Kensal green. There were labourers at work in the grounds, and hearses returning from ordinary funerals. Soon after, groups of friends and strangers, clad in mourning, came up to the gate, and whispered an inquiry into the ears of Mr Chesterton, the undertaker, after which they passed in, forming, as they increased in numbers, a long, dark, moving thread down the centre of the pathway that leads to the chapel. Then came private carriages, one of which bore the coronet of Earl Granville, and from another Mr Dickens, accompanied by his son-in-law, Mr Charles A. Collins, alighted. Ladies now arrived pretty numerously, but not all in mourning; then more persons on foot, next a few broughams and carriages, and finally, the simple funeral procession itself. There was but one mourning coach, and in this and the succeeding carriage, which was the private one of the deceased, were seated the Rev. F. St John Thackeray and Mr James Rodd, cousins of the deceased, Captain Shaw, his brother-in-law, and the Hon. E. Carson. The chapel was not as yet open, but its steps were crowded With the representatives of art, of literature, and of science, come to see the last of their great friend who had been so suddenly taken from amongst them. Most of the literary men now in town, and many of the artists, were there, including Mr Charles Dickens, Mr Robert Browning, Mr Anthony Trollope, Mr Millais, Mr Robert Bell, Mr G. H. Lewes, Mr E. S. Dallas, Mr Charles Allston Collins, Mr Theodore Martin, Mr Richmond, M. Louis Blane, Mr E. S. Piggott, Mr Creswick, Mr George Cruikshank, Mr J. Hollingshead, Sir J. Carmichael, Mr 11. Cole, C.B., Mr O'Neale, R.A., Archdeacon Hale, Mr Herman Merivale, Rev. W. Brookfield, Baron Marochctti, Rev. W. Mitchell, Mr R. Sturgis, Mr G. Smith, Mr Palgrave Simpson, Mr W. Richmond, Mr J. Millais, Mr R. Doyle, Mr V. Princep, Sir W. Alexander, Mr R. Redgrave, and others. Punch sent its deputation in the persona of the Messrs Evans, father and son, Mr Mark Lemon, Mr John Leech. Mr Tom Taylor, Mr Tenniel, Mr Shirley Brooks, and Mr Horse. Mayhew. The Garrick Club, of which the illustrious deceased nad been a leading member and frequent visitor, was represented by Mr W. H. Russell and Mr Deane, and a host of others whose names would not be so speedily recognised by the public. There was, strictly speaking, no proces

sion, no ceremonial in carrying the coffin. Two young ladies, closely veiled, and rcverently escorted by Mr Hrnry Cole, followed it closely into the chapel. Every one knew who they were, and why they were there, but their sorrow was too sacred even for the prying curiosity of a London crowd. The coffin was a long

one, and eight men tottered under the weight of what, a week since, was the stalwart living form of lVilliam Makcpesce Thackeray. In the chapel the Rev. C. Stuart, of King’s College, read the prayers with becoming solemnity. The grave is not far from the southern wall of the burial-ground, and the crowd hurrying to it from the chapel soon overflowed the narrow pathway and hastened to the point which all were anxious to reach. Room was, however, again made for the two mourners in chief, and in a very few minutes the coffin had been lowered, the earth had been shovelled in, and the solemn words, “ Ashes to ashes, dust to dust," told the outer world that “ Vanity Fair ” was over for the great artist who had given its imperishable picture to the world.

As there are many stories in circulation respecting the circumstances which immediately preceded Mr Thackeray's death, the following facts, which were given to a writer in the Daily News by one of his most intimate personal friends, may not prove uninteresting. It appears that although generally enjoying good health, he was at intervals subject to severe spasms of the stomach, which caused violent rctching and nausea, and left him in a state of utter prestration often for hours after the first violence of the attack had passed away. On the night of his death, his mother, who slept overhead, heard him get up and walk about his room, but was not alarmed, as this was a habit with her son when he felt any symptoms of an attack coming on. In the morning his valet came into Mr Thackeray's bedroom as usual, and saw him lying on his back quite still, with his arms spread over the coverlet, but he took no notice, as he also was accustomed to see his master thus after one of his stomach attacks. He brought some coffee and set it down beside the bed, and it was only when he returned after an interval and found that the cup had not been tasted, that a sudden alarm seized him, and he discovered that his master was dead. Mr Thackeray had in fact been seized when his mother heard him get up in the night and walk about the room, and the violence of the attack, it is supposed, brought on the effusion on the brain, which, as the post-mortem examination showed, was the immediate cause of death. Mr Joseph Durham, the eminent sculptor, has undertaken to preserve the likeness of his deceased friend in a marble bust, which he means to present to the Garrick Club.”

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We shall be able next week to give a comparative estimate of all the Christmas pantomimes and burlesques. But as that can only be done by our usual way of seeing them all with the same pair of eyes, and hearing them all with the same pair of ears, so that they may all be measured by one standard of opinion, we have not yet had time to become fully instructed. We can only report upon four theatres visited this week-— Danny Lana, the Hanrsaa'srr, the Parscass’s, and the Sr Jauas’s; and as we cannot compare their entertainments with those not yet seen, it will not be fair to say much of them until we can speak of all impartially. Let it be enough then now to say that the Dnuar Lass pantomime of Sindbad the Sailor is a capital children’s pantomime, with a bright and pleasant introduction, a very pretty ballet, some lively and clever occasional dances, and a very liberal allowance of pantomime business in the harlequinade. In the evening performance it is preceded only by a farce, and keeps the children merry for almost three hours. At Covsn'r GARDEN, also, the pantomime is planned on a liberal scale and is well spoken of; but we must speak of that next week, from our own knowledge.

The pantomime of Tom Tucker that we have seen at the

Palacsss‘s is ingeniously preluded by an introduction that weaves six or eight nursery rhymes into a connected fable. Its author should be named, since he has catered singularly well for the small patrons of his muse. The scenery in this pantomime is good, the transformation scene surpases in real beauty any that we have seen for many years, arid we hardly expect to find an equal to it this year at any of ,the other houses. The succeeding harlequinade is not 1 stinted, and has had some little thought spent upon it. 1 At the Haruaaxs'r there is a bright little burlesque ,version of King Arthur, by Mr W. Brough, added to a irevised edition of ‘Dundreary.’ The scenery is pleasant, lthe acting good, and Mr Brongh’s jokes and puns are above the average of burlesque writing. There is a plea‘sant little ballet introduced, but great stress is not laid lupon it; the distinctive merit of the burlesque being ,rather its good incidental singing, for advantage being taken of the voices of Miss Louisa Keeley, who is the King Arthur; and of Miss E. Romer, who is engaged for the piece, really good music is introduced, besides the popular tunes of the street; and the burlesque closes by taking from Dryden’s ‘King Arthur’ Purcell’s ‘Come if you dare ?’

At the Sr Jasras’s Mr Webster, whatever the croakcrs may say, will, we believe, draw full houses, for even now, although cumbered with a curiously poor burlesque called ‘ 1863,’ that must soon be withdrawn, he brings such a force of clever acting on the stage that, with Mrs Stirling to delight the public in her charming part as the oppressiver kind and tender mother, with Mr Tools to save the burlesque, and while he keeps the house in a roar, give high dramatic value to his part in Mr Hollinghead’s farce of the Birthplace of Badgers, with pleasant Miss Cottrell and Mr Paul Redford, now on the St James’s stage, and Mr Webster himself coming, Mr and Mrs Charles Mathews too, and other famous entertainers, there will be no empty benches at the so often unlucky theatre in King street. Even now, though the burlesque is a failure, on the whole certainly not the least pleasant of the four evenings of entertainment here recorded was that spent at the St James’s, thanks especially to Mrs Stirling and to Mr Toole.

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Dec. 17. --The New York Herald nominates General Grant as candidate for the next Presidency, and puts forward as an electioneering cry that he would demand from England an indemnity for the depredations of privateers, and would expel the French from Mexico.

18.—The steamer Ella and Annie captures the Chesapeake, with three of her crew, in Sambro harbour, Nova Scotia. The Chesapeake was taken to Halifax for judicial decision. The British authorities have ordered the arrest of the pirates who seized the Chesapeake.

The Richmond press denounces President Lincoln‘s amnesty proclamation as an infamous document, which will but arouse the Southern people to new Zenl and new efforts."

The Federal House of Representatives passes a resolution by 93 to 64 that the war shall be prosecuted so long as the rebels are found in arms.

19.—-The New York Tribune asserts that as the Chesapeake was captured in British waters, she will be delivered to the British authorities, but it was not believed that the pirates would be allowed to put to see again. Mr Seward has a friendly interview with Lord Lyons on the subject.


Dec. 29.—A report of Marshal Randon, approved by the Emperor, is published. “It decides that general officers on service, no matter how employed, shall be legally relieved of their functions as soon as they have reached the age of seventy.

The Moniteur publishes the reply oi the Sultan to the Emperor‘s invitation to the Congress?

The Pay: says: “Positive information enables us to deny the

hesitation asserted to be shown by the Archduke Maximilian to accept __> i

the Mexican throne.”

30.-—The Gazette de France asserts that General F orey will shortly to Miramar, on a mission to the Archduke Maximilian.

31.—-It is asserted that the Austrian Government will send two iron-cased frigates to the North Sea. l

The Pay: says: “A rumour is current that Lord Cowley will be superseded in his post as English ambassador at Paris."

P It is announced that the Archduke Maximilian will shortly arrive in am.

A telegram from Suez, dated 30th inst., announces the inauguration of the meeting of the waters of the Nile with the Red Sea. A banquet took place on the occasion, at which toasts were proposed to Ismail and Said Pashas.

Advices received at Marseilles from Constantinople to the 24th inst, assert that the Ports will shortly address an explanatory note to France on the subject of the Suez canal, in conformity with its note of the 6th of April.


Dec. 27.—Garibaldi sends in his resignation as deputy in the Italian Parliament.

The Di'ri'uo ublishes a manifesto, signed by twenty-nine deputies of the Left, exp aining the motives which determined the majority of the Left in Parliament not to quit their posts, but to remain in the Chamber.

The Italic asserts that the manifesto of the Hungarian committee emanated direct from Kossuth : “ A National Committee has been organized in Hungary, acting on the same footing as the secret Polish Government. A manifesto issued by this committee has been placarded i

proceed ‘

in all the towns of Hungary and Transylvania, producing an immense ‘ sensation."

The Stampa gives a denial to the rumours of extraordinary arms-i - . merits being carried on by the Italian Government, and says: “ Italy l commumumon' has been occupied for the last four years in forming her army. The possession of Venice by Austria is doubtless fraught with continual. danger to peace in Europe, but it will not be Ital who by impatience i will give the signal for war. Italy will not apart from that wise moderation of which she has given so many proofs, and to which she owes her successes."


Dec. 29.—The English Consul is authorised by the Government to sign passports and Italian papers. PRUSSIA:

Dec: 27.—The Royal replv to the Address of the Chamber of Deputies announces that the Federal Diet, in co~operation with Prussia, has reserved its decision on the question of hereditary succession in Holstein. Withdrawal on the part of Prussia from the London trotty would not be feasible without further consideration.


Dec. 25.—Advices from Athens announce that the Ministry had resolved that the military posts in Athens should be occupied by the police and gendarmes, instead of by the National Guard. Disturbances were consequently created by the latter. The sittings of the National Assembly were of a turbulent character. An address to the King requesting the dissolution of the National Assembly and a new Constitution was circulating in the provinces. The King has received a deputation from the Ionian Islands, requesting him not to accept the union of the Islands with Greece under the stipulated conditions. THE DANUBIAN PRINCIPALITIES:

Dec. 28.—The General Corruplmdevts of Vienna announces that all the fortresses 0n the Servisn and Wallaehian frontiers are being hastily 1:53;? I\in a state of defence by the Turks.

is found out early, and the destruction only includes one corn stack. The great number of incendiary fires of late has caused an extraordinary number of applicants for insurance, and the Sun oilice has met the demand by raising its rate from 5s. to one guinea per cent. for lfarm produce.

26.—A colliery explosion takes place at Muesteg, the property of the Llynvi Vale Iron Company, by which the lives of thirteen or fourteen persons are lost.

Sir G. Grey orders a medical commission of inquiry on the state of mind of Townley, the murderer of Miss Goodwin.‘

, 28.—At the weekly meeting of the Lancashire Distress Committee,

1 Mr Maclure reports that 1071. was received during the week, and that

‘ the present balance in the bank is 224,985”. Mr Farnall stated that on the 19th ult. there was an increase in the number of persons receiving parochial relief in the twenty-seven unions in the cotton manufacturing

, districts, as compared with the number so relieved in the previous week, of 2,046.

1 29.—The Earl of Kintorc is appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Aberdeensbire, in the room of the late Marquis of Huntly, and Sir J. Ii. Burnett, Bari., Lord-Lieutenant of Kincardineshlre, in the room of the Earl of Kintorc.

Acting on the report of the medical commission sent to Derby, Sir G. Grey respites the murderer Townley, till the Queen’s command on the subject is known.‘

The Herald is authorised to state that there is no truth in the report that the Earl of Cardigan has subscribed either 1001. or 500l. towards

1 paying Colonel Crawley’s expensea, or that pending the proceedings of

i the general court-martial he has placed himself at the head of a list of

‘ subscribers. [The Herald first ave currency to the report.]

30.—-It is announced by the caution that the Archbishop of York has offered the valuable living of Bolton Percy to the Bishop of Tasmania.

Jmi. l.—The Buckingliamshire election results in the return of the Conservative candidate, Mr Harvey, by a majority of nearly 2,000 over his opponent, Dr Lee.


The War in Tennessee.

The Federal pursuit of Longstreot appears to be reversed, the accounts from New York of the 19th ult. representing them as falling back before the Confederate General, who had turned upon them. Despaiches from Cumberland Gap of the 16th report that General Longstreet captured twenty-two loads of quartermasters’ stores at the fight on the 14th, which is now stated to have occurred at Bean’s Station. The Federal General Wilcox had been driven back to Tazewell, where he was fortifying. Fighting was reported in pro~ gross at Blair's Cross-roads on the 16th, from which it would seem that the Federals have been also forced to retreat towards Knoxville. Considerable anxiety is evinced by the public in New York to learn

1 the true situation of affairs at Knoxville. Astatcment in the despatch from Cumberland Gap on the 16th, to the effect that the Union citizens were leaving Knoxville, lead to the belief that General Long

{ street was about to again besiege the town. The World remarks:

“‘ The news from Knoxville has not a very cheerful look. One of two things, we fear, has happened-either our forces have been too widely scattered, with a view to cut off Longstrect, upon the theory

ithat he was retreating in disorder; or else he has been lately rein

l forced from General Lee’s army. This last is practicable. It would

be an awkward circumstance if, after all, Knoxville and East Ten

, nessee should be repossessed by the Confederates.”

‘ Chattanooga despatches of the 18th state that General Wheeler has rejoined General Hardee at Dalton, where he is reorganizing his cavalry for an active winter campai n against the Federal lines of On the 16th the onfederate cavalry commander i Ferguson, with a small force, captured the train of the lat Cavalry Division, while on the route from M'Minnville to Sparta, in Tennessee. The same dcspatehes announce that General Morgan crossed i, the Tennessee River at Gillespie's Landing, sixty miles above Chat‘tsnooga, on the l3th. Captains W. and R. Cummings, who escaped with General Morgan from Columbus, were captured, together with fourteen of their escort, during the ride from that town. General Howard’s cavalry was in pursuit of General Morgan, who had escaped southwards across the Tennessee river, sixty miles abova Chattanooga. Sixteen of his escort were captured.

The Siege of Charleston.

Confederate telegrams from Charleston report that from four to fourteen Greek fire-balls were thrown into the city each day on the 11th, 12th, 14th, and 16th ult. They caused, however, but trifling damage. A part of the wood in Fort Sumter accidentally took fire on the 17th, and before it could be extinguished caused the explosion of some ammunition, which killed ten men and wounded many others.

The official reports of the commanders of the Monitors made to Admiral Dupont immediately after the failure of the attack upon Fort Sumter, in April last, have been submitted to Congress by Secretary Welles with his annexed report, and show that these vessels were incapable of resisting the concentrated fire of heavy rifled ordnance. Captain Drayton, of the Passive, says: “ I was struck in quick succession in the lower part of the turret by two heavy shots, which bulged in its plates and beams, and forcing together the rails on which the carriage of the 11-inch gun worked, rendered it wholly useless for the remainder of the action ; a little after a very heavy rifle-shot struck the upper edge of the turret, broke all of its eleven plates, and then glancing upwards struck the pilot-house with such


Dec. 29.-—A semi-official announcement states that the Council of in)?" “5 i° "lid it “9': open the Plates! and squeeze Wt the lop,

Ministers is decidedly favourable to the assembling of a Congress at Paris, in order to avoid the consequences of an European war.

80.—It is positively denied that the Spanish Government is about to contract a loan of 800 million reels in Paris. JAPAN: _ Advices received at Shanghai on November 9, so. that affairs are in a critical state. A great conference had taken p ace at Yeddo to discuss the advisability of entirely excluding foreigners from the country. According to news received in Paris on Wednesday, the parties of tlie Tycoon and Prince Satsuma had agreed upon their expulsion. The yielding of the Tycoon was attributed to the pressure exercised by Prince Satsuma.

Nov.26 (from Shanghai ).-Prince Satsuma has proposed to pay an indemnity. to erect a mausoleum to Mr Richardson, and otherwise to atone for his death.

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iexposing the inside of the pilot-house, and rendering it extremely ilikely that the next shot would take off the top entirely." Captain iItodgers, of the Wuhawlien, reports: " Two or three heavy shots ,struc-k the side armour near the same place. They so broke the iron that it only remained in splintered fragments, much of which could be picked off by hand, and the wood was exposed. The deck was . pierced so as to make a hole, through which water run into the vessel; [thirty-six bolts were broken in the turret, and a great many in the lypilot-house. To the Patapeco no damage was done which disabled , her, although injuries which she received, if multiplied, would do so. iForty bolts in the funnel were broken. After the third shot from the 15-inch gun of the Nantuclz aport stopper became jammed, several yahots striking very near the port and driving in the plating. It was inot used again. A number of the same plates were started so much 1that another shot in their vicinity would have knocked them off. i'l‘he deck plates were out in twelve places; one shot out through the 1 iron, and about two inches into the beam, starting the plates, several i bolts, and the planking, for some feet below. The plates on the side armour of the Naliant were bedl broken in several places, and one, where struck by two shots in cfbse proximity, partly stripped from the wood, and the wood backing broken in, with edging of back plates started up and rolled back in places. The deck was struck twice damagingly, one shot near the propeller wheel quitc shattering and tearing the plate in its passage, and starting up twenty-five bolts, another starting plates and twenty bolts in the turret. There were marks of nine shots; fifty-six of the bolts were broken perceptibly, 1tho heads flying off inside the turret, and the bolts starting almost I their length outside, some of them flying out completi ly, and being 'found at a considerable distance from the turret, on the deck. One ‘shot struck the upper part of the turret, breaking through i-vcry

on the farm of Mr Horsley, but plate. The pilot-house was inth damaged and wrecked, ad four

more such shots as it received would have demolished it. One shot at the base broke every plate through, and evidently nearly penctrated it.”

The Cmifederate Press on Mr Lincoln’s Proclamation.

The Richmond Inquirer, in publishing Mr Lincoln's proclamation of amnesty, rejects its projects in the following language: “He is going to forgive us something, it seems, on certain terms. Forgive us what? Forgive us because he has invaded our States with armed multitudes to compass our destruction? Forgive us because he has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our townr, dcsolated our homes? Forgive us for the many thousands of brothers and sons whom he has slain upon our soil while repelling his invasion, and for the many dear mutilated ones who will remain the legacy of the war when the war is over? He may forgive us for all these his crimes, but so long as we have hearts to feel and hands to strike we shall never forgive him. But he goes further, he makes his forgiveness dependent upon terms. We have to swear that the proclamation of emancipation which we received with mocking last year, and which has since been a general derision, shall be submitted to by us. \Ve must abandon to that demon thirst for their bloud all the men under whom we have won fame, if not a name among nations. We must give the President to Abraham's tender mercies. The army of the Potomac must offer up their glorious leader, under whom both have become illustrious. Beauregard must be hanged. Is even Lincoln base enough to imagine a brave people such as the Confederates have proved themselves, would, under any stress of fortune, prove traitors to the men whom they have called to lead them in camp or council? This infamous proclamation will but arouse us to new zeal and new efforts."

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The Pam'e of the 23rd tilt. says: “The news of the condemnation to death of the young Count Stanislaus Zamoyski was evidently believed to be true in the Senate, and even in oflicial quarters, for, if we are correctly informed, communications of the highest character were addressed on this subject to the Russian court, and it is because of these steps, taken almost simultaneously at Brussels, Paris, and London, that tlie despatch from St Petersburg, announcing that the trial is not yet concluded, was issued. We have no cause to cast doubts on the authenticity or accuracy of this despatch. But we cannot help recalling what occurred in 1861, when the condemnation to death of Canon Bialobrzeski was reported all over Europe. On the 17th of December a despatoh was issued from Warsaw stating that the trial was not yet concluded, and a few days after the official papers announced that the penalty of death which had been pronounced against the prelate had been commuted to that of detention in a fortress."

The Cologne Gazette says that the increasing development of the insurrection caused the authorities at St Petersburg to ask General Berg whether he could undertake to put it down in two months. Berg promised to do so on certain conditions, which were granted. Among them was his being empowered to banish or otherwise put out of the way any person likely to interfere in any way with his plans. The military authorities are now drawing up lists of the persons in their respective districts, who are arranged in two classes—the “dangerous " and the “ harmless.” These lists are expected to be completed in a month, when banishments on a sweeping scale will take place. General Berg has also decreed that foreigners implicated in the insurrection are not to be sent out of the country, as hitherto, but treated as Poles, in consequence of which twenty-five Prussian subjects were banished, and one, Demski, executed, on the 21st. On the 1611i an Italian named Becchi, formerly a lieutenant under Garibaldi, was also shot at Woclawek, although the Italian ambassador, Marquis Pepoli. had interceded with the Emperor in his favour. He died exclaiming, “ God save Poland.”

The battles in various parts of Poland continue to succeed each other at short intervals. The engagement of Major Rudowski at Kielce, on the 14th, was followed by another on the 16th in the Ilzy woods, where a small body of Polish infantry, under Major Lady, was attacked by fourteen companies of Russians, but succeeded in cutting its way through the enemy with the bayonet, after a sanguinary handto-hand fight, in which the losses were very severe on both sides. In the palatinates of Sandomir and Cracow the insurgents, under General Bosak, are in great force—the various detachments numbering 3,000 infantry and about 300 cavalry in all, under such experienced leaders as Bogdun, Rombajlo, Ostoju, and Liwocza.

Koruosnnno, Dec. 28.—'l‘he Cows-fer do Wilna confirms the news of the arrest of the Abbe' Mackevitch, and announces that a gunner of the fortress of Wilna, named Casimir Sytcboucli, who had passed over to the insurgents, was shot on the 22nd inst. in the market-place of Wilna. The same journal also announces the execution of a Podolian noble, M. Maurice Dnybacki, accused of having taken part in the revolutionary organization. M. Dnvbacki was executed on the 11th of December in the moat of the citadel of Kieff.

Bunsen}, Dec. 29.--According to advices from Warsaw, numerous arrests were made in that city on Christmas day.

30.—Arrests continue to be made in Warsaw, particularly at the hotels. The National Government has made a fresh appeal to the insurgents in arms. Intelligence received from Radom states that Chimielinski has been shot at that place.

CRACOW, Dec. 29.-—Advices from Warsaw state that the agents of General Berg in that city have commenced enforcing the signature of addresses expressing loyalty to the Czar. The first addresses submitted to the inhabitants for signature were taken round to the Jewish quarter of the town, M. Pezewuski, the substitute of Archbishop F elinuki, was required by an agent of the Government to issue a pastoral letter recommending the signature of the addresses, but he refused to comply.

3l.-A new insurgent corps, under the command of Zubr, has made its appearance in the government of Radom. Numbers of volunteers, including peasants, are waiting to be supplied with arms in the government of Lublin. The National Government has issued a decree dividing all the forces of the insurrection into four commands, the three first of which are apportioned to Bosak, Kruk, and Luda respectively. The fourth commander is not yet appointed.

BERLIN, Dec. 80.-—The Counter do Wllna of the 26th inst. announces that Lieutenant Dominique Malckki had been shot, having been found guilty of passing over to the insurgents.

WARSAW, Dec. 30.—An order has been issued by GenerulBerg that until the complete restoration of tranquillity all the police authorities, including the head of the police, shall be subordinated to the military authorities.

VIENNA, Dec. 3l.--Tlie General Correspondenz of to-dny confirms the intelligence of the insurgents having defeated the Russians at Wodzislnw, near Crucow, in the kingdom of Poland. The Russians, who were commanded by Colonel Danilow, were pursued up to the gates of Miechow.


Triscxnitax’s CIIARITY.—Aml(l the nuinbcrlcss traits recorded of Thackeray’s universal kindness and generosity, the following, comiuunicatcd by the Paris correspondent of the Morning Post, is worthy of being recorded: “ One morning, on entering Mr Thackeray‘s bed-room in Paris, I found him placing some Napoleons in a pill-box, on the lid of which was written, ‘One to be taken occasionally.’ ‘What are you doing 9’ said I. ‘ Well,’ he replied, ‘ there is an old person here who says she is very ill and in dielt‘CSG, and I strongly suspect that this is the sort of medicine she wants. Dr Thackeray intends tolcave

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