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They left above." On this side lie interr'd,
Touching the question which thou askest me,
Within here thou shalt soon be satisfied : So shall that wish which thou unfoldest not.’ 2 Whence I replied ; “I do not keep conceal’d My thought from thee, kind Guide, save that I may Speak little, as thou oft hast warned me.” ‘Tuscan, who thro’ the fiery city thus Rovest alive such sweet speech uttering, O stay thy course, and rest awhile with us. That voice of thine declareth thee to be 25 A native of that noble land wherein I wrought perhaps with a too troublous hand.” Suddenly from among the sepulchres Issued this utterance, whereat I clung In fear somewhat more closely to my Guide; 30 Who said to me ; “Turn thee : what doest thou ? See see where Farinata stands upright: From the waist upward thou may’st him behold.” * That is, after the day of judgment. “I will gather all nations, and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat, and will plead
with them there.' Joel iii. 2. See also Inf. vi. 95; xiii. 103. * Probably the wish to see Farinata, already mentioned in Canto vi.
I had already fix'd my gaze on him ;
Then rose there to the view—but not beneath
The chin disclosed—near where he stood—the shade
Of one who seem'd to rest upon his knees. *
* “The ancestors of Dante, and Dante himself, were Guelss. He did
not become a Ghibelline till after his banishment.' Longfellow.
* Cavalcante Cavalcanti.
Round me he gazed a while, as tho’ he were 55
Nor moved his neck, nor from his state inclined. 75
* Guido Cavalcanti was more addicted to philosophy than to poetry. And, as a Guelf, he would naturally be hostile to the teaching of Virgil, the poet of the Empire.
‘And if,' said he, his former speech renewing,
* “The moon, called in the heavens Diana, on earth Luna, and in the infernal regions Proserpina.' Longfellow.
* The battle of Monte Aperto, near the river Arbia, in which the Guelfs were routed by the Ghibellines, who were commanded by Farinata.
* Prayers for deliverance from the Uberti were offered up in the Churches of Florence. Public deliberations were held in the Churches. Either of these facts may have been referred to in this line.
Again I spake ; 'So may thy people find Repose in other days—resolve for me 95 This doubt, which wraps me in a wildering maze : It seems, if I hear rightly, that you see Beforehand that which time brings on with it, While of things present you are unaware?” “We see, as those who have defective sight,’ ICO He answer'd, 'things which are from us remote : So much of light the sovran Lord vouchsafes. - When they are near, or present, vanish'd quite Is that foreknowledge ; and, unless inform'd, We have no knowledge of your actual state. IO5 Whence easily thou may'st infer that all Our power of knowing will expire, when once The portal of futurity is closed.' Then for my negligence 11 contrition feeling I said; 'Now speak to him who there lies fallen, I IO And say his son is yet among the living : And if before I lingered in replying, Tell him that I was mentally revolving This doubt, which thy solution has resolved.'
* At the diet of the Ghibellines assembled, after the battle of Monte Aperto, by Guido Novello at Empoli. * In not answering Cavalcante's question contained in v. 69.