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CONTAINING EVERY THING NECESSARY FOR THE DEFENSE OF THE
And overcome us like a summer's cloud,
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C IN C IN N AT I :
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1868, by
In the Clerk's office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the Southern
PREFACE. . .
THE editor and compiler of this work, from his previous professional occupation, was enabled to accumulate a vast amount of material, which, properly condensed and arranged, would be of service to Democratic speakers and editors, in the great National duty they are called upon to discharge to their country in the existing Presidential campaign. Wishing to contribute to the cause, which he believes to be the cause of good government, and the only hope for the restoration of a Constitutional Union, as much of personal service as he may be capable of rendering, he has prepared the book which follows with a view of facilitating the Democratic champions of the Constitution in the great work of defense and assault which is to distinguish them during this campaign, and which is to rescue the nation from the anarchy of Radicalism, or consign it permanently to the disintegrating and destructive influences of that revolutionary school. His great difficulty has been to
condense a great deal into as little space as possible; and while his book omits very much that he would like to embrace in it, in order
to bring it within the space to which he is restricted, he believes it will serve, to a great extent, to relieve the use of the ponderous scrap-books and authorities which are so burdensome to the prosecution of an active political campaign. *
The nomination of Horatio Seymour and Francis P. Blair, jr.,
by the National Democratic Convention, and the distinct and patriotic platform upon which they were placed, gives assurance to the nation that the ancient Guard of the Constitution is still intact, and that, like the famous Guard of Napoleon, it “never surrenders.” Should it triumph in this, the most critical hour of the nation’s peril, a return of the Government to its natural and Constitutional motion will give repose to domestic strife, security to the individual rights of the citizens, restored Constitutional governments to Iron o
oppressed and proscribed States, and protection to each of the coordinate branches of the Government against the assaults of either or both of the others. It will reinvigorate and put in exercise the discarded checks and balances of the Constitution; and, by making its administration.in all of its departments to conform to the organic law, it will re-elevate the nation to its former position of commanding respect, and place it on the highway to still greater achievement than the most hopeful votaries of the system ever anticipated, or the most sanguine prophet stretched his vision to foresee. Should this result be the crowning compensation of the present Democratic effort, the contribution toward it, though small, of this endeavor to aid the champions of the public liberty in the fierce struggle for the right, will afford a sufficient satisfaction to the editor for the labor this work has cost. The arrangement of matter is not as perfect as was intended, owing to the delay in procuring and preparing portions of it after other parts referring to the same subject had necessarily been furnished to the printer—a difficulty inseparable from a work prepared, as this has been, in a great hurry, and under circumstances of great embarrassment. o The political classification of Congressmen on certain votes is according to their party associations at the time when they were called upon to act on the various questions. To the Democratic speakers and editors of the country the compiler and editor dedicates his labors, because upon them depends • the good work which is to produce the fruit of a restored Constitution, on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November next.
DEMOCRATIC SPEAKER'S HAND-BOOK.
been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia
1 The Preamble violated by the Radical party, in this : that the blessings of liberty are denied to the people of ten States, who, by act of Congress, are subjected to the government of Military despotisms, and to the people of Tennessee, who, by an usurping Radical State Government, erected upon the ruins of the legitimate Constitution of the State, and acting under the cover of an irregular bogus Constitution, have deprived a majority of the White people of their dearest franchises, and are im
posing upon them the most cruel and oppressive measures, pretending to be laws, and sustained by the United States Army, a partisan Militia, armed with Federal bayonets, and a ruling horde of illiterate and brutal negro suffragans.
2 This section violated inasmuch as the duly elected Representatives of ten States of the Union are arbitrarily excluded from their rightful seats by the Radical majority in the House of Representatives.