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August 3. The small brown beetle denominated by Linnæus plinus pectinicornis, appears on old wood.

August 6. The meadow saffron (colcbicum autumnale,) soap-wort (saponaria officinalis, ) strawberry trefoil (trifolium fragiferum,) yellow medick (medicago falcata,) common St. John's wort (bypericum perforatum,) trailing. St. John's wort (bypericum bumifusum,) and marsh Sca John's wort (bypericum elodes,) are now in flower.

August 16. The wheat harvest has commenced.
Lapwings begin to congregate.

August 18. The young broods of wasps have come to life, and are flying about in immense Dumbers. It is remarked by Mr. Mark wick, in his edition of the Rev. W. White's Natural History of Selborne, that, in the year 1775, these insects abounded so prodigiously, that ia the month of August, no fewer than seven or eight nests were plowed up in one field.

The goat-suckers have not yet left us.

August 20. The emperor math (bombyx pavonus of Haworth,) and the drinker moth (bombyx potatorius,) Ay abroad.

August 24. House flies are now abundant.
The clouded-yellow butterflies (papilio edusa) are seen flying about the hedges and fields.

August 27. It was supposed that the bees would have been very unproductive chis year; but the late fine weather, after the rain which preceded it, bas tended greatly to recovee them.

August 30. The wheat harvest is nearly at an end, and the whole crop has been harvested in this part of the country, without a single wet day.

Hampsbire.

METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. (Ibservations on the State of the Weather, from the 24th of August 1810, to the 24th of September 1816, inclusive, Four Miles N.N.W. of St. Paul's. Barometer.

Tbermometer. Highest, 30.00. Sept. 7 and 15. Wind N,

Highest, 81o. Sept. 2d. Wind S.E. Lowest, 29:50. Sept. 17.

N. W.

Lowest, 45°. 15. N. W.

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The quantity of rain fallen this month, is equal to about two inches in depth.

Never was there a more favourable season for the gathering and housing the corn: its late. ness has been amply repaid by its excellence. We remark, that there have been out of thirty one days scarcely more than six or eight on which there has been rain; and almost all the others may be denominated brilliant. The weather has not only been finer, but the temperature has been, on the average for the whole month, highes (viz. 63o nearly,) than it has been all the summer :

In June, the average heat was 610. 2
July,

60.9
· Aug.

60 3 Sept.

62 8. The hottest day in the year was on Sunday the ed of September, when the mercurg stood as high as 81°, besides this, it stood at 300 on the 1st; was one other day at 79o ; one at 780; four ac 77o ; and once at 76%. A few days have been cold; and ance or twice there were severe storms: and in the night of the 31st ult, the thunder was louder than was ever remembered to have been heard. The wind has been chiefly N. N.W. On this hill these bave been twa chick fogs, brought by southerly winds.

Higbgate, Sept. 24, 1810. ERRATA. In the first article of this Magazine, signed COMMON SENSE, page 202, col. 1, line 3, for " service," read “privilege;"

And in the note relative to a communication of the same correspondent, at page 199 of our last, traospose the words on the country bankers, to meet the general run," into "' to meet the general run on the country bankers." Page 214, col. 1, for "Reddlestone,'' read “Keddlestone."

PRIC

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PRICES or STOCKS, from the 26th of AUGUST to the 25 h of SEPTEMNIL, boh inclusive.

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N. B. In the 3 per Cent, Consuls die highest and lozcest Prices are guven; in the other Stocks, the highest only:

WM, TURQUAND, Stock and Exchange Broker, No. 9, St. Michael's Alley, Cornhill.

THE

No. 205.]

NOVEMBER 1, 1810.

14 of Vol. 30.

As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving their opinions a Maximum op

Infuence and Celebrity, the mot extendivelý circulated Miscellany will repay with the greated Efea che Curiosity of those who read etter for Amu teneat or Inftru&tion.--JOHNSON,

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

regions, if it is to continue to be dependanc For the Monthly Magazine.

on the caprice, partiality, and unequal 1The intelligente that a French fleet was bearing, of Bank discount.] Sailing victorious in the English Channel, REPORT of the SECRETARY of the Trea

SURY, on the SC BJECT OF AMERICAN could scarcely be considered more impor

MANUFACTURES, inade April 17, 1810, tant to the interests of Great Britain, than

in obedience to a Resolulion of the the facts contained in the following Report.

HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES, It appears, that while the lion and the

Domestic Munufactures. . bear are contending for the prize, the fox

TH) is carrying it off. While Great Britain is

THE following manufactures are car

ried on to an extent, which may be contending against the chimera of French considered adequate to the consumption commerce and competition, and encum- of the United States; the foreign articles bering herself with a worthless paper cur- anmually imported, being less in value rency to support such a contest; while her than those of American mano facture bemerchants are solely occupied in discoun- . longing to the same general class, which ting accommodation-bills at the Bank of are annually exported, viz. England; and while that barik itself is sup

Manufactures of wood, or of which porting ruidous monopolies and combina- wood is the principal material.- Leather tions in every branch of trade, by such and manufactures of leather.-Soap and

tallow candles.--Spermaceti oil and candiscounts; America is rapidly undermining dles.-Flax-seed oil.-Refineil the foundations of our national wealth, Coarse earthen-ware.-Snuff

, chocolate,

sugar.and rivalling all our staple manufactures. bair-powder, and mustarih. The relative prospects of the two coun. The following branches are firmly es. tries, may be compared to those of two tablished, supplying, in several instances, tival traders in the same town, one of the greater, and in all a considerable part whom carries on his trade by means of of the consumption of the United States, accommodation-bills, and issues of promis- viz. téry notes ; and the other pays for every Iron and manufactures of iron.-Ma. thing in cash,' and trades on his stock of nufactures of cotton, wool, and flax.cash, which is constantly increasing. The Tlats.-Paper, printing types

, printed event cannot be doubtsul, as we witness books, playing cards. Spirituous and the parallel and its effects every seven

malt liquors.-Several manufactures of

hemp.-Gun-powder.-Windo glass. years, in every trading street in the empire. There is, in this reasoning, no spe- factures of lead. --Straw bonnets and

-Jewelery and clocks,-Several manoculation or dubious hypothesis ; and it hats.Wax candles. behoves our statesmen forthwith to re-tread

Progress has also been made in the their steps, to put an end to factitious cuso following branches, viz : rency, to allow no currency but specie, Paints and colours; several chemical or no paper which is not the sign of it, and preparations, and medicinal drugs; sally convertible into it at pleasure ; in short, manufactures of copper and brass ; jeit behöves them to restrict and regulates panned and plated ware; calico p, inting; the deleterious operatior.s of the Bank of queen's and other earthen and glass England, which, by its discounts, fosters wares, &c. monopolies of every kind, and gives a fac

Many articles, cespecting which no titious value to alá, the recessaries of life. information has been received, are unThe Bank of England, it is to be feared, is doubtecily omitiert; and the substance of becoming

the information obtained on the most a sort of Pandora's box to this empire, and our trade must depart to other under the following heads:

important branches, is comprehevided MoxTal? MAG. No. 205.

Wood

dullars a year.

Wood and Manufutures of, Wood. of Baltimore amount to twenty-two, All the branches of this manulacture are seventeen of which have together a capie carried to a high degree of perfection, tal of 187,000 dollars, and tan annually supply the whole demand of the United 19,000 hides, and 25,000 calf skins. States, and consist principally of cabinet Morocco is also made in several places, ware, and other household furniture, partly from imported goat skins, and coaches and carriages, either for pleasure principally from sheep skins. And it or transportation, and ship-building,

may be proper here to add, that deer The ships and vessels abore twenty skins, which form an article of exportatons burthen, built in the United States . tion, are dressed and manufactured in during the years 1801 a 1807, measured the United States to the amount required 774,922 tons, making on an average for the consumption of the country. about 110,000 tous a-year, and worth The principal manufactures of leather more than six millions of dollars. About are those of shoes and boots, harness, and two-thirds were registered for the foreign saddles. Some inconsiderable quanti trade, and the remainder licensed for the ties of the two last articies are both imcoisting trade and fisheries.

ported and exported. The annual imOf the other branches, no particular portation of foreign boots and shoes, account can be given. But the annual amounts to 3,250 pair boots and 50,000 exportations of furniture and carriages pair of shoes, principally kid and mo. amount to 170,000 dollars. The value rocco. The annual exportation of the of the whole, including ship building, same articles of American manufacture, cannot be less than twenty millions of to 8,500 pair of boots and 127,000 pair

of shoes. The shoe manufactures of Under this head may also be menti. New Jersey are extensive. That of oned pot and pearl-asli, of which, be- Lyon, in Massachusetts, makes 100,000 sides supplyirg the internal demand, pair of women's shoes annually. 7,400 tons are annually exported.

The value of all the articles annually Leather and Manufactures of Leather. manufactured in the United States, -Tanneries are established in every part which are embraced under this head of the United States, some of them on a (leather), may be estimated at twenty very large scale; the capital employed in millions of dollars. a single establishment amounting to one Soap and Tallow Candles. A great hundred thousand dollars. A few hides portion of the soap and candles used in are exported, and it is stated that one- the United States, is a family manufacthird of those used in the great tanneries ture. But there are also several estaof the Atlantic states, are imported from blishments on an extensive scale in all Spanish - America. Some superior or the large cities, and several other places, particular kinds of English leather, and Those of the village of Roxbury near of moro co, are still imported; but Boston, employ alone a capital of one about 350,000lbs.* of American leather hundred thousand dollars, and make anare annually, exported. The bark is nually 370,000 pounds candles, 980,000 abundant and cheap; and it appears pounds brown soap, and 50,000 pounds that hides cost in America 54 cents, and Windsor and fancy soap, with a profit

, it in England seven cents a pound; that the is said, of 15 per centuin on the capital bark used for tanning, costs in England, employed. nearly as much as the hides, and in The annual importations of foreign America not ove-lenth part of that sum. manufacture, candles 158,000 It is at the saine time acknowledged that pounds, soap 470,000 pounds. much Americav leather is brought to The annual exportations of domestic market of an inferior quality, and that manufacture, are candles 1,775,000 better is generally made in the middle pounds, soap. 2,290,000lbs. than in the northern or southern states.

The annual value manufactured in the The tanneries of the state of Delaware United States, and including the quan. employ collectively a capital of one hun. tity made in private families for their dred and twenty thousand dollars, and own use, cannot be estimated less than ninety workmeii, and make annually eight willions of dollars. 100,000 dollars-worth of leatber. Those Spermacete Oil und Candles. The

establishments for this manufacture are . Unless otherwise stated, the impor. at Nantucket and New Bediord in Mas tai ions and exportations are, in this Report, sochusetts, and at Hudson in New York. ta en on the average or the years 1806 and Besides supplying the whole of the do.

mestic consumption, they furnished an.

nually,

are

nually, for exportation to foreign coun- commenced in Rhode Island, and one in tries, 230,000 pounds of candies, and Connecticut; making altogether fifteen 44,000 gallons of oil. The whole quan- mills erected before the year 1808, worktity annually manufactured amounted to ing at that time about eight' thousand atout 500,000 dollars. But the exclua spindles, and producing about three hun. sion from foreign markets has lately dred thousand pounds of yarn a-year; affected the manufacture,

Returns have been received of eighty. Refined Sugar.-The annual importa- seven mills which were erected at the end unns of foreign refined sugar, amount, for or the year 1809; sixtv-two of which (48 the years 1803 to 1807, 19 47,000lbs. water and 14 borse mills,) were in opera,

The annual exportations of American tion, and worked at that time thirty-one refined sugar, amount, for the saine years, thuusand spindles. The other ewentyto 150,000lbs.

five will all be in operation in the course The then existing duty was, in the rear ofitus year, and together with the former, 1801, collected on 3,827,000 pounds; ones (almost all of which are increasing and, as the manufacture bas kepi pace their machinery,) will, by the estimate with the increase of population, the received, work more than eighty thou. quantity now annually made may be sand spindles at the cominencement of estimated at five millions of pouads, the year 1811. worth one million of dollars. The capi. The capital required to carry on the tal employed is stated at three inilions mnufacture on the best terins, is estiand a half of dollars; and, as the estan mated at the rate of one hundred dollars blishments have increased in number, for eachi spindle; including both the some of them bare declined in business. fixed capital applied to the purchase of It is believed that if a drawback, equi. the mill-scars, and to the construction of valent to the duty paid on the inporta- the mills and machinery, and that emtion of the brown sugar used in the re- ployed in wages, repairs, raw materials, fined sugar exported, was again allowed, gnods on hand, and contingencies. But the foreign demand, particularly of Rus. it is believed that no inore than at the şia, would give a great extension to this rate of sisty dollars for each spindle is branch. A special report has been made generally actually employed. Forty-tiva on that subject to the Co:nmittee of pounds of cotton, wirth about 20 cents Commerce and Manufactures,

a-pound, are on an average arcualry COTTON, WOOL AND FLAX. used for each spindle; and these produce I. Spinning Mills, and Munufacturing about thirty-six pounds of yarn of diseEstablishments. The first.cuilon mili rent qualities, worth on an average lne was erected in the state of Rhode Island, dollar and 124 cents a pouri. Bagairt in the year 1791; another in the same liundred spindies einploy turiy persons, stale, in the year 1795; and two more in viz. five men, and thirty-five women an't the state of Massachusetts, in the years children. On thosc data, the general 1803 and 1804. During the three suc- results for the year 1811, are estimated ceeding years ten more were erecied or in the following table:

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The increase of carding and spinning The seventeen mills in the state of of cotton by machinery, in establishe Rhode Island, worked 14,290 spindles in ments for that purpose, and exclusively the vear 1809, are also stated to have of that done in privaie families, has there used, during that year, 640,000 pounds fore been fourfold during the cru last of cotton, which produced 510,000 years, and will have been tenfold in three pounds of yarn; of which, 124,000 pounds years. The greater number is in the were sold for thread and knitting; 200,000 vicinity of Providence, in Rhode Island;' pounds were used in manufartures atthey are scattered, and extending through- inched to, or in the vicinity of, the millas out all the states,

2:1d the residue was either sold for wick,

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