Imagens das páginas

merit, as to bulk and extent of stooling, concerned, has been the means of proor creeping upon the ground; of the best, moting covenants between landlord and a complete little meadow, of two seasons' tenant, greatly to the general benefit. growth. As a creeping-grass, we must Fiorin.grass, of the genuine Irish stock, not describe its height, which was not may be seen, and the sets procured, at apparently considerable, but its length, the nursery of Mr. Gibbs, seedsman to which may extend many feet. It is by the Board of Agriculture. no means harsh and sapless, as I had

JOHN LAWRENCE, conjectured, but rather well saturated Somer's Town, Sept. 11. with a saccharine juice, and of good promise for nutritive quality. The usual For the Monthly Magazine. practice is to plant the grass as described JOURNAL of a recent voyage to CADIZ. in Dr. Richardson's Memoir; and every (Continued from p. 206, No. 204.) knot or joint, indeed almost every par.

December 7, 1808. It

T is now the third day since we have it is particularly hardy, acquiring roots, been in suspense as to the fate of wbereon almost it may be cast, even in Madrid; we are not yet certain of the thie interstices of a pavement, or upon a enemy being there, though the French gravel-walk, notwithstanding it is natui- party in this place, with as much modesty rally an aquatic; and when once it has as they can assume, confidently report exclusive possession of the soil, scarcely that Buonaparte is at the capital; and any hard usage is sufficient to destroy it. that the city has been treacherously surI have not seen

cut, which I


rendered to him by Morla, the late goliend, with a thick crop, must be a work vernor of Cadiz. of soine ditliculty for a scythe, from the

The former part of the report is even excessive matting of the bottom. As all more credited than the latter; they say, other grasses are still more inimical to it is impossible that their

“ faithful the fiorin than even to lucerne, it ought, Morla" can be a traitor! the man who like that plant, to be drilled and kept was among the first to support the cause clean.

of their " beloved Ferdinand;" the man Its chief use is said to be as a winter who has penned loyal addresses to the and spring grass; but I dare not enter- people; who succeeded their sacriticed lain the sanguine expectation, that in our governor (Solano), and who bad so dernclimate fiorin-grass' may be made into tedly, while here, attached him-elf to hay throughout the winter, with that patriotism, and always assured thein, by extraordinary success which has been his signature, that he was ever their experienced by Dr. Richardson, in Ire- Morla. laud, ubere the climate is so much inore

In the mean time no gazette or letters mild, and, probably from its humidity, so are brought from Madrid; the courier is much beiter adapted to the product of not quite three days coming from thence, this grass. I shall, however, not deny and we ought to have recer ed them in myself the pleasing hope, that it may be course on the evening of the fourth ; this come a yood and never failing spring is the greatest reason for believing that resource for us, and relying upon the all is not right in that qua, ter; but the presumed, or rather attested, qualities of people will not credit the courier who the grass, a certain advantageous mode brings letters from Cordova, and says, of application strikes me very forcibly. that the French are at Manzanares, in Least of all will I deny the just claiin of La Mancha. Dr. Richardson to the original discovery The consternation is easily conceived; of the merits of this grass; for although the people are clamorous to know what many of us had seen the stool-grass long has occurred, and the governor pretends since, I am not aware that it had pre that he is without advices from the army. viously occurred to any one, to recom. This silence, I understand, is always oba mend its culture. It may be found upon served when a disastrous event occurs ; wet and moorish soils, in many or most and it ofien happens that the English parts of England. The first specimen I newspapers have communicated more insaw of fiorin, was a very long string from forination respecting the enemy, than the Dr. Richardson's ground in Ireland, members of their government have shewni me by Mr. Isandley, of Pentone thought right to publish. ville, a gentleman warmly' attached to I have beard a few anecdotes of Morthe interests of agriculture; and who, in la, who, it seems, was much inclined to do certain instances whicre he has been justice, as luaving the chief controul of the


administration of the laws, in his capacity house through the roof, and taken shelof governor. In this situation, he was the ter in that of an English merchant's adjudge of all complaints, excepting in par. joining it. But as the whole range of ticular cases, when the evidence is taken buildings was invested by the mob, they in writing, and submitted to the determic said that he could not possibly escape, nation of the “upreme council for the pro. and therefore must be concealed somevince, held at Seville.

where; they entered every house, and On some occa-ion, a poor man was at length found him in a compartment of complained of to Moria, and he expected a wall, which was so deceptious to the from the manner in which the evidence eye, that the discovery might have been might be given against him, that he should impossible, bad not the man who decoundergo a punishment; as it seldom hap- rated the room, given information of pened that the defendant escaped dis- this secret place. He was accordingly grace; but he was unexpectedly sure seized; but no other of his family was ice prised when he found himself acquitted; lested; they wanted him only. He was and, froin sentiments of gratitude to dragged into the streets amid the hootMorla, he made him a present of a num- ings and shouts of thousands, who wished ber of turkeys; they were not accepted, to put him to instant death; at last it was for the fellow had the mortification of resolved to lead him to the gallows : his being imprisoned until he had eaten the uniform was first torn from him, and he whole of them. Morla was always was paraded through the streets toward watchful over the rights of the lower the common place of execution: at interclasses, and he exercised his authority with vals, they cruelly tortured him with stabs judgment and independence. Having of the knife and bayonet, strokes of once detected a baker in selling bread the sabre, and every ignominy an endeficient of weight, he went to the shop, raged people could invent. He was a seized the bread, and sold it, with the strong, well-grown, handsome man; his utensils, asses, mules, &c. and distri- mind had not yet forsaken him; he often buted the amount to the poor.

endeavoured to address the crowd, bat Morla was appointed governor in the they wanted no harangoes, and he could month of June; he succeeded the unfor only now and then be heard calling them tunate Marquis de Solano, who was mas- “ Cowards !" He was at last brought sacred by the furious populace, after opposite to the guard at the “ Puerto four days' rioting. Solano was del Mar;" the officers and soldiers prepected to favour the French interest, and sented arms, as a sign of respect to him, to wish them again in possession of Ca- while he cast a " lingering look” toward diz; this was made known to him; and them, but they dared not to attempt the after he had kept the people in suspense rescue of their govenor. At this period, during that time, they would no longer a person rushed among the mob, and by submit to his indecision; and, on the first a well-aimed blow deprived him of life; of June, they attacked his house with it is not known, but supposed, that a fire and sword, determined to be avenged compassion for his sufferings, and a deon him. Women and children joined the sire to save him from the ignominy of an mob: they dragged the cannon through execution at the gallows, prompted some the streets, amid shouts of “Vivas!" and one thus to end bis misery. His body discharged them, while the men pelted was immediately torn asunder, and the the house with musketry, and set it on mangled links exhibited in triumph fire. Ile harangued them from a bal through the city. cony, but could not convince them of his The object of popular vengeance being loyai intentions. They told him if he now no more, the mob at length disa would not defend the place, they them- persed; and the following day tranquil. selves would; they called him traitor, lity was restored. There are divided and threatened him with execution; lié upinions ou the conduct of Solano. retired. The populace was now in the Dupont had quitted Madrid, and was greatest rage, and determined to seize advancing toward Cadiz; the Spanish him. They broke into the house, saw troops had not yet been sufficiently colhis family, but could not find him; they lected, to make an effectual resistance to assured the Marchioness, that no one his progress, and the city had not been else should be injured, and as the Mar- put in a state of defence, to resist an quis had but lately shewn himself at the allack that might have been suddenly window, they were sure of discovering made on it. The batteries were not hiin. He had bowever escaped from his mounted with cannon, (nor are they at this 3



momert,) and the French line-of-battle city should be tranquillized so soon, notships that lay in the harbour, had not withstanding the convicts were freed yet been compelled to surrender; ap- from the prisons; though their liberty pearances such as these only warranted was short, as the barriers were closed, ihe mob, at least, to conclude that they and they were nearly all speedily rewere to be consigned to French mercy; loaded with their chains. but a mot perbaps always is not put

December 12, 1808. in motion, except by some higher power, I have by this time, as you may exo and, generally speaking, they are only the pect, seen some of the churches and concombination of a machine worked by that vents. The public places of worsbip are power. Had Solano acted openly on the not so numerous as may be supposed in occasion, its life might have been so populous a city as this, which is dispared; had he intended seriously to vided into five parishes, having one wish to defend the city, he should have cathedral and ten convents; but they are taken acure measures that might have all spacious, and, being without benches indicated his inclination: on the con- or seats in the area, like our's, they trary, the people wanted to be satisfied contain a greater number of people. in their enquiries, and Solano would not Some of the churches are almost always indulye them; be hesitated whether he open for service, bells are toiling at should deign to communicate with them almost all hours of the night; and on my or not, during four days, and when it was first arrival, I was sadly annoyed, as my too late, he issued a proclamation which residence was adjoining one where the *as burnt before his face; and he was at bell was unsound, which added to the once accused of treachery, which it doleful and unaccustomed disturbance. was resolved should be expiated by his Protestantism not heing tolerated in death.

Spain, there is not consequently any The tumult having subsided, certain public place for our religious duties, and officers of the city were desired to Sunday is passed according to inclinaexamine Solano's papers; they did so, tion; for it must, I think, be considered but could not find in his portfolio any little better than mockery, when we encorrespondence indicating in the least ter the churches during service, merely degree an inclination to favour the for the sake of “ going to church," and enemy's plans. This was a period of bending to the altar-a ceremony of importance, and the people ought to course not exacted, though considered have been fully sati:ficd by their gover- respectful. nor, that he would protect them; had he There is a great deal to attract adiniacted candidly instead of contemptu- ration in the churches; they are magniously, had he been condescending, and ficently decorated with many

beautiful not haughty, he would not probably have altars, glittering with gold and silver been sacrificed; and for these reasons ornaments; the bigh altar especially, his memory is now blamed by his superbly towering to the roof, and surfriends, and his enemies express pity for mounted with carvings and paintings of his fate.

the lamb, the virgin, the crucifixion, &c. His house will long remain as a mark &c. The walls arc crowded with conof the transactions; the marble pillars fessional boxes, large paintings, and and sculpture of the door are studded sculptures of saints, gaudily dressed ; with bullets; cannon-shot battered the some of them inclosed within glass walls in various directions; fire consumed frames, haring lamps burning before the whole of the wood work, furniture, them; but the exterior of these buildings &c, and a twenty-four-pound shot entered is not worth notice. the house at a window, with such force The handsomest church that I have as to break an iron bar of a balcony, and seen, belongs to the convent of Carmeturn it into a neat scroll. The populace lite Friars; it is spacious, light, and wished to annihilate whatever could clean, but full of ornaments, which gives remind them of his name, and they the idea of being in a room of an acadestroyed a plantation of trees which be demy of arts. I was conducted to the had made to adorn a small square, cailed convent by my friend, the Abhè M — the Queen's-square; but it is remarkable, who is a French einigrant. The friars that no other person was killed in this tuo were remarkably polite; I was shewil a mult,which began on the 27th of May, and private chapel where are two fine paintsoutinued nearly five days; and that the ings, oue by Poussin, representing the

Day Day of Judgment, about six feet by five, lish feet in diameter, the sides bent upand containing nearly a hundred figures, ward. whose countenances and positions are all Now I am ou the subject of friars and varied. On the right band, in the fore. convents, I may as well tell you that in ground, is a most horrid looking figure, Spain are such a variety of orders, as representing Satan dragging at his back would be tedious and uninteresting to a man in chains, while he is listing a enumerate Indeed, the Abbé tells me, child by the hair of his head, which he that it would be difficult for me to prohas twisted around his arm ; near him is cure a list of them, with any tolerable a man kneeling in a devout posture, description of their variation, they being bffering up his supplications. On the so numerous, and differing only in trifles. left, in the back-ground, is a female, Our religious sects in England may be whose face is sweetly expressive of reé compared with them in this respect; signation; and in the perspective, are when we hear of the baptists, and pedu. various groupes of figures, appearing to baptists; the sublapsarians, and supraenjoy their happy situation after judge lapsarians; &c &c. ment: the Almighty is represented in The Capuchins are in general the the centre, sounding the trumpet, sur. most respected, and take the lead of the rounded with glory, and numerous che other orders in affairs where the clergy rubs encircling hiin.

are interested: their dress is a coarse The second picture (the painter un- brown cloak, and a jacket of the same; known) is the Denial of St. Peter. He is they do not share. At a short distance addressing himself to Pilate's female ser- froin the principal entrance to their convant, with an air of extreme surprise; vent, is a beautiful alabaster alto-relievo and her expressive attention to him, of the Crucifixion of Christ and the two as well as that of a Roman centinel bý Thieves. The Spaniards are proud of her side, is admirably drawn : this pic- the possession of it; and they feared, ture contains eight figures, as large as while Nelson lay off the place, occasi. lite.

onally throwing a shell into the city, that A third picture represents Christ : some unlucky one would destroy this it is small, badly designed, and worse object of piety: but it has escaped in. executed.

jury, though some smaller figures which We walked through a long range of decorate the railing near it, bave been galleries, and went into the church by a either injured by time, or defaced by door immediately leading to the altar. mischief. At intervals, on the path The Abbé instantly knelt down to leading to the convent, for the distance the Virgin; I did not, of course: at of four hundred feet, are several large this, a servant belonging to the convent, plain crosses, in a line from each other, who accompanied us, looked at me with erected to denote the approach to holy a sort of wild astonishment, on observing ground. my omission of this act of reverence; his The Franciscans is another numerous countenance was so scvere, that I desired order: their dress is a coarse woollen, of the Abbé to explain my heretical princi- blue, black, and white mixture. Their ples, and that my religious ceremonies convent, and the church, is very large; did not require the performance of a the latter elegant in gilded ornaments, genuflexion on the same occasions as with many small altars and dirty pictures. iheir's, and that it was not disrespect but There are also Dominicans, Augustines, persuasion, that caused me to be unob- Descalzos (or those who wear neither servant of that practice. He smiled, and shoes or stockings, but sandals), &c. &c. bowed politely; and as nothing was to be The clerky, or priests, are distinct from seen in the church requiring a particular any of these orders; they have a respect. notice, we retired, and were shown into able appearance, and dress in black a rooin, where, as a curiosity, were generally, though they are not confined pointed out to me two black-and-white to it: their bats are large, like those of veined marble slabs, each about ten feet the Capuchins, &c. A few secular in length, and four and half in breadth, clergy inhabit a convent appropriated to wliich are used for tables. I glimpsed at them; they are chiefly employed on mise an clegantly decorated private chapel, sions to foreign countries; but their but we could not enterit.

number is now reduced to six or eight. The friars wear white robes or cloaks, Here are three convents for females: reaching to the feet; a small black jacket, the nuns are not numerous, but the spier cassuck; white liats, about two Eng. rit of retirement from the world in these



secluded habitations, is still alive, as it To the Edilor of the Monthly Magazine. was but the other day that the ceremony SIR, of a profession took place : but I have T the Rose," was

, I conceived, so weil not been able to obtain permission to visit their abodes.

known, that nobody could possibly le Of hospitals, two are for mien; and unacquainted with it; and the remote one for women: this is supported by the botanical speculations of your correcontributions of females, and is superin. spondent, Nemo, in your Number for tended internally by an ecclesiastic. August, 1309, have satisfactorily proved One of the liospitals for men, is sup- that I was not mistaken. Had that gentleported in the same manner, and the man ever considered with attention the other was at the expence of the nation; Archæologia of'archbishop Potter, which, it is now in decay, in consequence of the though liable to the objection of frequent seizure of the lands appropriated to its repetitions, contains a larger mass of iinsupport by the Prince of Peace, within portant information than any other simithese last few years; and throughout lar work, it would have been impossible Spain, institutions of this nature have for him not to have observed, and ren met the same fate from the same collected, the following passage in the

394ih page of the second volume. An extensive foundling-hospital is also “ I shall add nothing farther upon this established; children are received into it head, only that the rose being dedicated without any one's previous application, by Cupid to llarpocrates, the god of or personal attendance, beyond that of silence, to engage bim to conceal the ringing a bell, and leaving the infant in a lewd actions of Venus, was an einblen receptacle at the door. There were of silence, whence to present it to ang lands also belonging to an establishment one in discourse, served instead of aa for the protection of orphans; but they admonition, that it was time for hun to were sold for the private emolument of hold his peace; and in entertaining the Prince of Peace, and consequently rooms, it was customary to place a rose this charity is in decay.

above the table, in signify that, what was There are two colleges, neither of there spoken should be kept private, them worth more notice than to say, that This practice is described in the followinstruction in the languages and sciences ing epigram: is at a very low ebb; they are attended Est rosa flus Veneris, cujus quo facta laterest, by a few students, among whom are some Harpocrati, matris dona, dicavit Amor; young Irishmen. Boys are taught to Inde rosa men-is hospes suspendic amicis, read and write at a charity-school, the Conviva ut sub eâ dicta taceoud sciat." expence of which is defrayed by the from this ancient cusion then, it is

evident, the expression “Under the Rose," The only public library belongs to the

was derived; and to a similar origia we Dominican friars; it is not well fur- might easily trace a thousand other nisted with books, and although open to phrases and ceremonies, at present any person's use, very few avail theine equally incomprehensible. I shall, howe. selves of access to it. The Spaniards do ever, only trouble you with two of the not in general appear fond of reading any latter, recommending it to your numething besides the news of the day; and,

sous correspondents, as a subject capable cxcepting certain standing works in their of affording both amusement and instrucown language, they have no modern tion.-1. Kissing hands mt parting. Lue ones of value. If I ask at bookseller's

cian informis us, that those who had no. for an entertaining book, they offer thing to offer as a sacrifice, merely kissed Don Quixote,” or “ Gil Blas," univer- their right hand to the altar. 'llence sally; any other works in this style, are

our custom of kissing the hand to a translations from the French or Englisis

, person at parting ; and, as sacrifices are and must have been previously submitted unknown in a Christian country, we by to the ordeal of the priest's taste. Of this action signify, that we offer up our prayer-books and sermons, there are

prayers to God, that he may bless the abundance: the best Spanish authors

person to whom the action is thus din are, I believe, more read by foreigners rected. Indced it is generally accine than by natives.

panied by the words “ Godbicos you," (To be continued.)


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