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The Latinity of Mussatus is respec- “ Rerum satis anxius perquisitor." He table, considering the age in which he has recorded with freedom and impar wrote: that bis style is sometimes harsh tiality, events disfigured or snporemed and obscure, or his poetry occasionally by other historians; and the jealousy of defective in quantity, is not surprising. the Italians has led them to castraie bis To censure him for wanting the purity works, by tearing out offensive pages, and precision of the Augustan age, or so that it is rare to meet with a perfect that of Leo X. were as absurd as to exe copy of them. The only edition of the pect the earliest dawn to beam with me. works of Mussatus was printed at 1'e. sidian splendour. Ile certainly made nice, 1636, in folio, with notes by Osius one of the earliest and most vigorous and Pignorius, who, however, both died, efforts to recal the Latin Muses frora being infected with the plague, some time their long exile, and his works deserve before it was published: hence their more attention than they have bitherto notes are incomplete. His bistorical met with. Warton observes, in his works, with some additions froin MSS. History of English Poetry, vol. ii. p. 409, with his Latin tragedies, way be found that the name and writings of Mus. in Muratori's “ Rerum Italicarum Scripsatus were hardly known until they were tores." brought forward to the public notice in : Of his poetical works, his tragedies the Essay on Pope. As an historiogra- perhaps have most excellence. Šardopher, his character for fidelity and vera, nius says of them, that they appear to city, stands very high; and his historical bim Sophocleum quiddam spirare. But books are valuable as furnishing the best these I leave to a gentleman much more Account of the times and transactions of able to do justice to them and their auwhich they treat. He was eminently chor than myself; having with pleasure qualified, by the high stations which he observed in your literary notice, that filled, for an historian, being present, Mr. Walker intends to give an account of and frequently presiding, in the affairs them in his promised work on the revival which he relates. To his diligence Pe of the Drama in Italy. 1. G, frarch bears testimony, who styles him

SCARCE TRACTS, WITH EXTRACTS AND ANALYSES OF

SCARCE BOOKS,

IN

It is proposed in future to decote a few Pages of the Monthly Magazine to the

Insertion of such Scarce Tracts as are of an interesting Nature, with the Usc of which we may be favoured by our Correspondents; and under the same Head is introduce also ihe Analyses of Scarce and Curious Books. * Fumifugium ; or the Inconvenience of tions have heretofore preserved the fame

the Aer and Smoak of London dissi- of less public benefits; and for the reputed: together with some Remedies pairing of a dilapidated bridge, a dehumbly proposed. By J. E. esq. caied aqueduct, ihe paving of a way, or 1661,” 4to.

draining a foggy marsh, their elogies or N this invective against the smoke of reverses, have outlasted the marbles,

London, Evelyn pot only projects to and been transmitted to futurge, ages, purify the city from this domestic enemy, after so many thousand revolutions." peculiar to itself, but with an exuberance His querulous invective against the of fanciul ingenuiiy, to draw a circle smoke of London, is minutely entertainsound it of an enchanting Elysium. The ing; and those who, through long use, ima. vastuess of the present metropolis, be gine they live comfortably beneath this seems not with a prophetic eye” to shelter of fog, smoke, and dust, will have contemplated. The patriousin of scarcely comprehend the dangers of that his posterity has bonourably performed open curtain which wraps them round, their duties, and the splendour of the The late Charles Fox used to say, that metropolis has been carr on with a " a country life was the pleasantest in civic affection,

the world, but that it played the very He has a noble paragraph to the ho. devil with the constitution." There are, nour of those who study the improveit would seem, constitutions so vivated wents of a city. “Medails and inscrip. by liabil, that they can ouly hang line

gether

Fether by breathing a manufactured air; decem Lenones quam unum Lenionem,

change of climate, a pure bracing they would rather dwell near ten bawds breeze would shiver them into atoms. than one butcher." But Evelyn attributes to this smoak our The reinedy he proposes is the reexpectorations, our rheumatisms, and moval of those offensive trades who use our consumptions," which rage more in great quantities of coal, “ which, in ng this city chan in all Europe besides." city of Europe would be permitted,” to Frequently do we hear men say, speak- farther distances; such as brewers, taling of some deceased neighbour, He low-chandlers, smiths, &c. and he prowent up to London, and took a great poses to place them at the utmost excold, chich he could never afterwurds tremity of the river-side, employing clua off" again.

watermen for the carriage of their arHe observes on the smoak, or the fu- ticles, liginous crust yearly contracted, which After having purified the air, he would adheres to the side of our chimnies where next convert the city into an elysium, by this great fuel of sea-coal is used, that if continuing his majesty's plan of plantawe imagine a solid tentorium or canopy tions in the moist grounds about the over London, what a mass of soote towri. This could only have been prac. would then stick to it, which now comes ticable in Evelyn's time, when there down every night in the strects on our were cottages opposite to Whitehall. houses, the waters, and is taken into our His flowery project amuses the fancy. bodies. He traces its effects in our He has enumerated a catalogue of native charnbers on the earth; and observes plants, familiar to our country and clime, that "in the waters it leaves a thin web, is whose redolent and agreable emissions or pellicle of dust, dancing upon the sure would even ravish our senses, as well as face of it, as those who bathe in the perfectly improve the aer about London." Thames discern and bring home on their One of his favourite plants is rosemary, bodies; while it sticks on the hands, face, “the flowers whereof are reported to and linen, of our fair ladies, and nicer give their scent many leagues off at sea, dames, who reside constantly in London, on the coasts of Spain. Those who take fespecially during winter) as the prodigio notice of the scent of the orange-flowers ous waste of almond-powder for the one, from the rivage of Genoa, or the odoria soap and wearing out of the other, do ferous wafts which flow from Fontenay sufficiently manifest." His majesty and Vaugirard even to Paris, in the (Charles II.) who was a lover of build- season of roses, will consent to what I ings, pictures, and gardens, &c. had long suggest ;--that is, to the liberal probeheld it as a prodigious enemy to their duction of such things, as upon every lustre and beauty. Evelyn gives a cu. gentle emission through the aer, should rious piece of information: he had heard so perfume the adjacent places with their in France, that those parts lying south- breath, as if, by a certain charm, or in west of England, complain of being in, nocent magic, they were transferred to fested with smoak from our consts, which the happy Arabia." injured the wines in flower!

Such was the amiable project of the He observes further, “respecting the patriot and the enthusiast, to render chandlers and butchers, that because of ihis city one of the sweetest and most those horrid stinks and unwholesome delicious habitations on the earth! And smells which proceed from the tallow and surely, if we cannot have these gardens of corrupted blood, no catlle shouldbe killed fancy, we might at least push on his great within the city, by which ineans also might enemies, the brewers, the smiths, and be avvided the driving of cattle through the dyers, higher up by the rirer-side, the streets, a great inconvenience and otherwise we must stiil' regret the abo 20 me danger. The Lcr Cornaric of the sence of what this good man promises Romans, forbid bulchers to have their "the skie fair, and the aer in good slaughter-house within the walls; and temper," Erasinus says, malunt habere Vicinos

Ertracts

ER

CARDS.

10

Extracts from the Portfolio of a Man of Lettets.
INCREASE OF INSANITY.

subdivide those which convened to NARL Philip Moritz, a German writer many, books. un mental derangement, reckons

PROPORTION OF TALENT. among the causes of the increase of in.

Shenstone says, that if the public were sanity the diminished use of bleeding, divided into one hundred parts, the relaand the diminished use of tobacco, both tive distribution of intellect might be which he considers as of sedative and estimated thus: calming tendency.

Fools

15

Persons of common sense One of our periodical writers pretends, Wits

13 that a pack of cards was originally a per- Pedants

15 petual almanack, used in Hindostan, and Persons of wild taste brought to Europe by the Portuguese.

Persons of improved taste The individual cards represent the fifty

Shenstone, who piqued himself on the two weeks, the four suits are the four refinement of bis taste, manifestly enseasons, the twelve court-cards are the deavours here to represent as the most twelve months. The oriental astrologers, select ciass, that in which he excelled. or jugglers, he says, would find a man's An accomplished taste is a gift of edu. birth day on the cards, and affect to cal- cation rather than of nature: in rich culate his luck.

luxurious communities it is more comFather Menestrier, on the contrary, mon than in poorer; in old countries, maintains, that cards were invented in more common than in newer; in pacifio 1392, for the amusement of the Emperor ages, more common than in turbulent Charles, who became insane: but he times. But the proportion of wits and thinks that tarocco cards were in use fools, being a gift of nature, not of cirbefore the abridged pack, and that the cunstance, remains invariably the same; Germans, who made these, first invented and is surely not so considerable as Shena the art of printing, by copying the card stone assumes. Pedantry is one form maker's process.

of taste; the pedants are of those who

pursue accomplishments of mind, withe The word lunatic, being derived from out being under the guidance of a strong luna the moon, signifies moon-struck. judgment. Common sense is necessaNow that the tbcory is abandoned of the rily the lot of a majority of every civilized moon's having any influence over diseases society ; because men call common sense of the brain, this word is become in that way of thinking and acting, in whicle proper: It is a superstitious expression, the majority are agreed. which inculcates error, and tends to per

The list then should be reformed some petuate credulity.

wbat thus ;
Persons of common sense

55 CATALOGUE.

Fools Disputes have often arisen among the Wits Jearned, respecting the neatest subdivi- Tasters sion of heads in a catalogue of books. Among persons of this last description, Lambecius, Mattaire, and Maichaud, a majority must always fall short of good followed distinct systems. Martin, the taste; because men are agreed to call by librarian of Paris, prefixed to his cata- the name refinement, or good taste, that logue an original plan of distribution : which meets the approbation of the se his five chief heads are, Theology, Juris- lect few, of the picked critics in mana prudence, Arts and Sciences, Fine Lie ners, literature, and art. terature, and History. Ilis subdivisions

EPIGRAM. are numerous and indistinct, as well as his main divisions.

Menage praises this epigram on a stary All these schemes of distribution seem

gazer, who stumbled and fell: to have been made a priori: a surer road

Qui fuit astrologus, tunc geometra fuit. to convenient arrangement would be, to

JOIX PETER DRIESS. begin a posteriori with a number of heads J. P. Driess was born about the year proportioned to the mass of books to be 1740, and educated at the celebrated arranged, and then to throw together the seminary of Joachims-thal. His relatopics which produced too few, and to cious destined bin for the ecclesiastical

professione

LUNATIC.

10

profession, and be made a progress in to destroy himself with a pen-knife; but, classical acquirenents, commensurate not succeeding, he determined on the with their solicitude. But his curiosity slower process of voluntarily starving strayed into bolder investigations than himself. were suited to his intended employment; Mendelsohn, Hagen, Nicolai, and and by the study of Brucker's History of other humane men, visited him, and Philosophy, Bayle's Dictionary, and endeavoured to awaken the love of life. Spinoza's works, he attained a state of Independence, or insanity, gave a franko mind which indisposed him to con- ness to his discourse, which enabled them formity.

to succeed. They induced prince Henry When the time for decision arrived, he of Prussia to leave his card, and carried declined stooping to ordination. His word to poor Driess, that he might be family, who could with difficulty afford appointed lecturer to his royal Highness. the expense of his education, progres- Driess now accepted nourishment, and sively withdrew their assistance; but recovered. Prince Henry allotted him a confident in his intellectual resources, stipend; and indicated certain days for he expected a liberal maintenance by his attendance in the library. Life had writing for the booksellers at Berlin. again cbarins, while the dream of ambia

His earlier literary efforts were anony- tion could endure. He went in new mous, and concealed in various perio. clothes to thank Mendelsohn for his kind. dical publications; at length he adver- ness, and to consult him about winning tised a dissertation on ile propriety of further trophies from superstition. abolishing public prayer. He con

The humanity of the prince had given tended, that it was absurd to suppose an audience, but intended no acquainthe laws of nature would be suspended tance. The next work of Driess, which for the contradictory requests of men; defended suicide, was as unpopular as' and that if prayer was notoriously fruit- the last. Another attack of hypochonless, there was little sense in continuing driasis came on, which necessitated his the symphony. The book was reviewed, removal to a public mad-house, where he abused as atheistical, and the poor au beat out his brains against the wall for tior, out of employ, fell into extreme want of any implement of destruction. want,

Free-thinking has its martyrs as well On the 14th of January, 1774, being as superstition, and this was one of them. then about five and thirty, he attempted

ORIGINAL LETTERS.

MY LORD,

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MRS, MONTAGUE to LORD KAIMES. Confidence in you has had time to take Sandleford, October 27th, 1773. root. A long winter cannot blast, dreary

seasons cannot wither, it. Under its TITH' the history of man, I dare shadow I am protected from any appre.

say, your lordship has written hensions from your genius and learning. the history of woman. I beg that, in spe. You appear to me in no character but cifying their characters, you would take that of my friend, and in the sacred chanotice, that time and separation do not racter of my old friend. The years of operate on the female heart as they do absence, the months of vacation, in our on that of the male. We need not go correspondence come into the account, back so far as the time of Ulysses and for I remembered you when I did not Penelope, to prove this. We may pass hear from you, I thought of, when I did over the instances of his dalliance with not see, you. Esteein, nursed by faiththe sole suitor that addressed him, the ful remembrance, grew up without interlevely Calypso, and the constant Pene- mission. lope's continued disdain of the whole I ain most sincerely rejoiced that your train of pertinacious wooers.

lordship has completed your great work. The more near and recent an example May you long enjoy the fame, and may is the better; so my lord we will take our you see mankind derive advantage as own times. You feel, you say, when well as pleasure from your iahour. The you take up your pen to write to me, the more man understands binself

, the less same forinality as on our first acquain- averse will he be to those divine and hulance. I on the contrary find, that iny man laws that restrain lis licentious ap. Mostuly Mao. No, 206,

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petites

petites. It is from ignorance of his na. I agree with your lordship, that I ought ture that he misapprehends his interest: not to lament the death of lord Lyttleton not comprehending how he is made, he on his own account. His virtoe could disputes the will of his Maker.

not have been more perfect in this mortal i am impatient for the publication of state, nor his character greater than it your book, and bope your printer will was, with all whose praise coald be an make all possible haste to indulge us with object to a wise and worthy man. He it. I rejoice that it has pleased God to now reaps the full reward of those vir give you life and health to finish this tues, which, when here, though they work; and I flatter myself, though you gave him a tranquil cheerfulness amidst may not again embark in so great an un

many vexations, and the sufferings of dertaking, that so able a pen will not be sickness, yet could not produce a perfect consigned to indolent repose. As to my calm to the wounds inflicted on his pa.poor goose-quill, it is not much to be ternal affection. When I consider how regretted that, very probably, it will unhappy bis former, how blessed his prescribble no more. 'I have neither the sent, state, I am ashamed to lament him. force of good health, nor the presumption The world has lost the best example, of good spirits, letc to animate me, and modest merit the best protector, mankind without the energy of great talents, these its gentlest friend. My loss is unspeakare necessary to the task of undertaking able; but as the friendship of such a man something for the public.

is the best gift of God, and I am sensible I have been for many months teazed that I was never deserving of so great a with a slow fever; and the loss of iny ex- blessing, I ought rather to offer thanks cellent friend lord Lyttelton, has cast a that it was so long bestowed, than to reeluud over my mind. I remember, sir pine that it was taken away. I ought William Temple says, in one of his es. also to beg that, by the remembrance of says, that“ when he recollects how many his precepts and example, I may derive excellent men and amiable women have the same helps to doing my duty in all died before him, he is ashamed of being relations of life, and in all social engage alive.” With much more reason than ments, that I did from his advice. But sir William (whose merit was equal to virtue never speaks with such persuasion that of auty of the friends he survived) I aš when she horrows the accents of a feel this very strongly. I have lived in friend; moreover, my time in this world the inost intimate cosmexion with suine will probably be very short, and if it went of the highest characters of the age. long, I could never cease to adatire so They are gone, and I remain: all that perfect a pattern of goodness. adorned me is taken away, and only a eypress wreath is left. I used to borrow

My lord, &c. &c. Lestre from them, but now I seem respec

ELIZABETH MONTAGNE sable, even in my own eyes, only as the moerver of departed merit.

I am ever,

ORIGINAL POETRY.

WRITT

LINES,
BY MAJOR

CO? LORD
WELLINGTON'S ARMY, TO A LADY,
DA'I ED, PORTUGAL, 1810.
I'VE long, dear lady, try'd in vain

To write you in poetic strain,

In lieu of common prose;
But let me woo her as I will,
The truant Muse eludes me still,

And scarce a stanza flows.
Sometimes I scize the pen to write
The tale of Talavera's fight,

Where trance and England bled: To tell how British valour shone, Renard ibe dying soldier's groan,

And celebrate the dead.

And then within my bosom glow
The mingled throbs of joy and woe,

Of triumph, and of grief;
For then I glory in the hour
That check'd usurping France's pow'rg

And offer'd Spain relief.
And then, I long for deathless lays
To sound our gallant Wellesley's praise,

And deeds of wonder tell ;
And then, I feel a soldier's pride
In having fought by Sherbrooke's side,

And where Mackenzie fell!
Fond dream; another moment's thought
Is with the mighty slaughter fraughly

And all my ardour diet ;

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