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Society hase liberally permitted the use the press, a new and enlarged edition of of, in furtherance of Mr. Chitty's plan. a Brief Examination into the lucrease of
The Rev. Mr. Davies, of Campton the Coinmerce and Revenue of Great
On the first of January will be pubDr. GEORGE Rees is preparing for the lished the first Number of a new edition press, a new edition of his book on Dise of the Book of Coinmon Prayer, printed orders of the Stomach, in which many on a large new beautiful type, and emadditional cases and important observa- bellished with elegant engravings, with tions will be introduced.
Notes illustrative and commentary, by Mr. Cars is engraving on ten folio the Rev. J. Cookson, M. A. rector of plates, & Portraiture of the Heavens as Çolman, and Prior's Dean, &c. they appear to the naked Eye, con- Mr. MYERS, of the Royal Military structed for the use of students in astrono. Academy, will shortly complete an Iva my, by the Rev. Francis Wollaston, F.R.S. troduction to Historical, Physical, and
Sir R1OHARD PHILLIPS having had Political Geography ; accompanied witle his attention called to the subject of maps, and adapied to the higher classes Grand and Petrit Juries while he was of pupils, under both public and private serving the office of Sheriff, is about to tuition. Mr. M.'s inducement to this print some practical Instructions to assist undertaking, and his guide in its accomJuries in the correct discharge of their plishment, has been utility; and to at. linportant duties.
tain this object he has condensed into On the first of January will be pub. one moderate-sized octavo volume, the Tished, a Description of the ancient Ter- most valuable matter of more extensive racottas in the British Museuin, by Tay- systems. In the construction of the LOR COŅBE, esq. illustrated with forty- maps, particular attention is paid to one plates, engraved after the drawings simplicity, perspicuity, and accuracy; of William Alexander, esq.
and it is presumed that these qualities, Chronological Memoirs of Mahoin. so essential in every elementary treatise, medan History, from its earliest period will be found to prevail in a superior de. to the establishment of the House of gree throughout the whole performance. Teymur in Hindoostan, is in great for- The Rev. Josiah Pratt, who has wardness, translated from the Persian recently published a collection of the by D. Price, esq. of the Bombay Milic Works of Bishop Hall, is engaged on a tary Establishment.
Life of that prelate ; but he is not able Preparing for the press, an extensive to fix any time for the appearance of the Military Historical Work, in quarto, by publication, as from the nature of the Captain T. H. COOPER, author of the materials and their bearings on the history Light Infantry Guide, Military Cabinet, of religion in England, and on many &c.; being a collection of all the land points warınly controverted at the prebattles fought in the Messenian, Lyti. sent day, much research and delibera, an, Sacred, Peloponnesian, Corinthian, tion are required. Hetruscan, Tarentine, Pupic, Sardi- The public may shortly expect a Life nlan, Social, Macedonian, Jugurthine, of Sir Michael Forster, one of the Judges Mitbridatic, Civil, Servile, Peruvian, of the Court of King's Bench, originally and other wars, from the foundation of written for the new edition of the BiograRome to the birth of Christ; embellished plia Britannica,while that work was under with about eighty plans of the principal the superintendance of the late Dr.. battles, and maps shewing the routes and kippis. places of actions, &c. &c.
Mr. MALCOLM has in the press, a new The Jubilee, or the Disappointed volume of Anecdotes of the Manners, Puel, in a series of elegies, by PETER Custoins, Dress, Ainusements, &c. of the Pixdar, esg, is in preparation for the Citizens of London, from the time of the Press.
Romans to 1699. A Treatise on some practical Points Mr. CROMEK will speedily publish, relating to the Diseases of the Eye, by Remains of Nithsdale and Galloway the late J. C. SAUNDERS, esq. is in the Sony, with historical and traditional press. It will be illustrated by coloured notices rela:ive to the Manners and Cuse engravings, and contain a short account toms of the Peasantry. of the author's life, with an engraving A new edition of TopLady's Historic froin a portrait by Devis.
Proof of the Doctrinal Calvinisin of the "The Right lon, GEORGE Rose has in Church of England, including a brief
account of eminent persons before and The engravings for a Chinese Dice since the Reformation, in two large volumes tionary, of about seven thousand characquarto, embellished with two hundred ters, are cominenced under the superille portraits, will be published in the course tendance of Dr. MONTUCCE. The work of the ensuing year.
will be translated into Latin, French, Mr. J. CARTIR making a series of and Englisli, in compliance with the de Drawings of York Cathedral, for Sir AJ, sire of the East India Company, and will, Sykes, bart ; which, when finished, will it is hoped, be completed in five years. form the largest and most elaborate une
Sir Robert Wisus has in the press, dertaking of the kind yet gone into in this in one volume quarto, Brief Remarks of kingdom. The drawings already finished the Character and Composition of the (and done to the Society of Antiquaries' Russian Army, and a sketch of the Came Cathedral scale) are, I. Plan; 11. Foun- paign in Poland in 1806 and 7, from akse dation ditto ; III, West Elevation; IV, servations inade by him when he accom. Detail of ditto to a larger scale; v. panied Lord Huichinson to the heale South Side; VI. Detail of ditto to a larger quarters of the Emperor Alexander. seale; VII. Longiudinal sectiun, froin In our last an intention was announced West to East. Size of the drawings, to indict certain persons for conspiring $ feet 3 inches hy 2 feet.
against the property of the Medical Mr. Smart is preparing for the press,
Journal. The crime, however, has car& Guide to Parsing; which, it is ex- ried its punishment so fully along with pected, will furniski material assistance it, that an appeal to law would be thought to the study of English grammar, and vindictive and cruel. Of the New Me. The above necessary exercise, particu- dical and Physical Journal, as it is callJarly in school classes. Mr. Murray's ed, we are assured that not a hundred arrangement will be followed.
copies were sold, perhaps not fity, or Mr. Joknes, of Hatod, has engaged not enough to pay for the fine paper Mr. Stothard, the Royal Academician, to used for the covers; whereas of the Me paint sone splendid decorations at his dical and Physical Journal, not only the seat, which are already begun.
regular number of copies was sold last Mr. Gutcil, of Bristol, has published month, but also nearly fifty copies in a Catalogue of Books, including nume
addition to the usual number! Such a sous rare and curious articles, selected the confidence of the faculty in the edifrom the libraries of the late John Innys, tors, Dr. Fothergill and Afr. Roystaw, osq., Rev. J. Whitaker, Richard Gough, and such the sense of justice in an en. esq., Mr. Woolmer, of Exeter, Robert lightened public! Jones Allard, esq. &c. Such an exten
Mr. MANNING is now at Canton, in sive collection is highly creditable to the China, and has been there five years
, bookseller, as well as to the citizens of learning the language, in the dress of the Bristol, who have by their encourage- country, with a view to penetrate the inent stimulated him in his endeavours. interior. He is an able man, and has se We are happy to see such establishments adapted himself to the manners and meet with success in most of our principal feelings of the Chinese, that he is scarcely provincial cities and towns.
to be distinguished from the natives, The Rev. J. FAWOTt7 has in the press, even by natives. We understand that the Devotional Family Bible, with co- a native Chinese lady is now in London, pious notes and illustrations, partly ori. but she lives in retirement. ginal and partly selected from the most Froin the very extraordinary produce approved expositors, ancient and modern, of one potatoe planter whole, it is evi. with a devotional exercise at the end of dent that the cultivation of that usefal every chapter. It will be comprised in root in this country, is merely in its intwo volumes quarto.
fancy. In the latter end of June last, Mr. Charles ErCHHORN will shortly a gentlemian residing in Sloane-square, put to press, a translation of Gessner's planted in his garden a new species of pastoral novel, entitled Daphnis,intended potatoe, which he brouglat last spring for the use of Gernian and English scho- from the Alleghiany mountains in North lars, with an interlineary translation, America ; and, by a peculiar mode of and the English elegantly rendered at the cultivation, there grew from the original foot of each page.
parent upwards of one hundred stems, Dr. Jonper will
, in a few days, publish each measuring in length about six the first fasciculus of his long-promised feet six inches. Lately these stenus Anatomical Atlas.
were dug, when the produce weichelle
231b. ahereas the seed potatoe did not been completely successful in several weigh quite tuo ounces. Each of the parts of the district of Tarascon, situ. potatoes, on an average, measured six ated not less than ten miles from the inches in length, and the same in circum. coast, and it has been found the most ference. It is of a red colour, and is re profitable crop that could be raised. markably dry and mealy.
One hectare bas produced 22 quintals The sinali bells set a-ringing by means of matter, at 180 francs per quintal; of De Luc's electric column, continued and 90 lectolitres of seed, at 24 francs finging on the evening of the 24th of Au- ench, making a total of 6120 francs ; gust, and had been doing so, without while the expences amount only tn 774. stopping, for a period of 152 days and a Moist soils, and those contiguous to them, Baill. This long continuance renders it have always been found inost favoura not improbable that the weight of the able to this culture; but the distance of dapper may be so adapted to the power this successtul experimest from the sea of the apparatus, as to cause small' bells renders it remarkable. to continue ringing for years together
GERMANY, without intermission.
It is in contemplation to extend the Sir H. C. ENCLEFIELD recommends plau of the institution established at a new mountain barometer, in which the Vieuna, by the appellation of the cistern has a bottom of leather, on which Oriental Academy. It was founded in a screw presses in the usual mode, so as 1754, by Prince Kaunitz, then prime to force the mercury nearly to the top of minister, under the auspices of the Em. the tube when packed for carriage. press Maria Theresa. It has produced This screw is to be unscrewed as far as a considerable number of eminent oriental k can, when the barometer is prepared scholars, many of whom bave been emfor use; and the leather bag is so ad- ployed in the legation to Constantinople, justed, that there can be no reason to and published nany works of great infear that the capacity of the cistern thus terest on Eastern literature. uniscrewed for use, will ever be sensibly The University of Ilalle has received different from itself at different times. an augmentation of its allowances, to be
Dr. SATTERLEY's Course of Clinical expended on the library, the botanic instruction, at the Middlesex llospital, garden, the cabinet of natural history, began on the first of November. and the salaries of professors. The
Dr. Young will begin, in February, number of young students expected in at the same Hospital, a Course of Lec- that university will be increased by those tures on Physiology, and on the most from Pressia, the government having important parts of the Practice of Physic. given all its subjects permission to frea The annual Courses of Lectures, at quent this seat of learning. the Suriy Institution, Blackfriar's Bridge, According to accounts from Illyrian commenced on the fifteenth ult, and will Carinthia, a terrible rain-spout descended be continued every succeeding Monday on the niglit lietween the 27th and 28th and Thursday evenings, at seven o'clock, of August, at flerniajor and its vicinity, during the season. The following gen. threatening destruction to the whole tlemen have been engaged for the re- village. The water flowed into the spective "departments, viz. : Zoology, market place and its neighbourhood sa GEORGE SHAW, M. D. F.R.S.; Music, high, as to penetrate the windows of the Mr. S. WESLEY ; Zoonomy, Joux Mai first fours.
More than hity persons for Good, esq.; the Chemistry of the were hurried away by the torrent; many Art, FREDERIC ACCUM, M. R. I. A.; of whom were alive, and called piteously Natural Philosophy and Astronoiny, Mr. for assistance, wluch no one could af
ford. All the bridges, and twelve houses, * Mr. STÁGER'S Lectures on the Expe were washed away, and a great quanting rimeutal Sciences, will recommence in of cartle perished in the fields. A short time at the Institution, No. 3, A Bavarian engineer has invented a Prince's.street, Cavendish-square. The method of constructing wooden bridges, object of this establishment, is to fa- which, for strength and solidity, promise cilitate the attainigent of experimental a duration of several centuries. They knowledge, by combining the advantages are likewise remarkable for the elegance of private instruction with the facility of of their form and the width of their arches. public lectures.
One consisting of a single arch 200 tect
wide has been thrown over the river The cultivation of the soda-plant bas Roth. Another 286 feet wide has been
made for a large city. The archés may the famous wine called Lachrýma Christi. be so constructed as to admit ships of From the hermitage to the foot of the war, or merchant vessels, to pass through cave, there is a long quarter of a league thein, an aperture being made in the of road, tolerably good; but in order to centre which can be opened and shut at reach from thence the crater, it is neces. pleasure. The bridges may be taken to sary to climb a mountains of cinders, where pieces in two days, if necessary, to stop at every step you sink up to the midthe progress of an eneing, or for any otlier leg. It took my companions, myself
and our guides, tivo hours to make this ITALY.
áscent; and it was already midnight An account of a new and dreadful when we reached the crater. The fire eruption of Vesuvius, is given in the role of the volcano served us for a torch; lowing letter from Naples, dated Sep: the noise had totally ceased for leo tember 24: The recent eruption will hours; the flame had also considerably make the vear 1810 an epuch in the and decreased: these circumstances auge nals of Vesuvius, on account of the mana mented our security, and supplied us ner in which it began, and the disasters with the necessary confidence in trao it has produced. It is considered as a versing such dangerous ground. We apo very extraordinary circunstance that proached as near as the heat would perthis eruption was not preceded by the mit, and set fire to the sticks of our guides usual indications; every convulsion of in the lava, which slowly ran through Vesuvius being previously announced by the hollows of the crater. The surface the drying-up of the wells of Naples. of this inflamed matter nearly resembles This phenonienon did not take place on metal in a state of fusion, but as it this occasion; and, to the great surprise flows, it carries a kind of scum, which of the inhabitants, Vesuvius began to hardens as it cools, and then forins masses emit fames on the night of the 10th of of scoria, which dash against each other, September. On the morning of the 11th, and roll, all on fire, with noise, to the the Aames became more intense, and foot of the mountain. Strong fumes of the lava began to flow froin the east sulphuric acid gas arise in abundance and south-east sides of the mountain, from these scoria, and by their caastic
Towards evening the conflagration in- and penetrating qualities render respl creased, and about twilight two grand ration difficult. We seemed to be pretty streams of fire were seen to flow down secure in this situation, and were far the ridge of the volcano : night produced from thinking of retiring, when a fright no cange in this state of things. On ful explosion, which projected into the the morning of the 12th, a hollow sound mir fragments of burning rocks to the was heard, and apt increasing; the fire distance of more than 100 fathoms, te. and smoke likewise augmented in inten- minded us of the danger to which we sity, and towards evening the 'horizon were exposed. None of us hesitated a was obscured. The breeze, usual in moment to retreat; and in five minutes these parts, having blown from the south. we cleared in our descent a space east, dissipated the accumulated clouds. which we had taken two hours to climb. The mountain continued to vomit lava We had not reached the hermitage before and a dense smoke, which even at a a noise more frightful than ever was distance was strongly sulphureous; the heard; and the volcano, in all its fury, hollow noise in the sides of the mountain began to throw op a mass equal to some continued to increase. Curious to wit- thousand cart-loads of stones, and frage ness, as near as possible, one of the mostments of burning rocks, with a force astonishing phenomena of nature, and which it would be difficult to calculate. forgetting the misfortune of Pliny, I set As the projection was vertical, alipost out from Naples, and at eight in the the whole of this burning mass fell back evening I reached Portici. From thence again into the mouth of the volcans, 2o the summit of the niountain, the road which vomited it forth anew to receive is long and difficult. About half way it again, with the exception of some there is hermitage, which has long at fragments, which, flying off, fell at a dis. forded refuge and shelter to the travelleri tance, and alarned the inquisitive spece a goud hermit has there fixed his resi- tator. The 13th commenced with nearly Jence, and for a moderate sum furnishes the same appearances as those of the refreshments, which to ihe fatigued ira preceding day. The volcano was tranquil, veller are worth their weight ju gold. and the lava ran slowly in the channels The environs of this liecintage produce which it had forined during the night;
but, at four in the afternoon, a frightful island ; several houses, unable to resist and continued noise, accompanied with its violence, were thruwn down, and frequent explosions, announced a many others were greatly damaged; and Eruption; the shocks of the volcano were such persons as sought salery in the oper so violent, that at Castel Uovo, built air were dashed to the ground. Hitherto upou a rock, where I then was, at the the calamity had been contined in its distance of near four leagues, I felt ose effects, and though great injury had been cillations similar to those produced by an sustained, we had to congratulate ourearthquake. At five o'clock the eruption selves on the loss of few lives; but we commenced, and continued during the were yet to witness a most dreadful specgreater part of the night. This time tacle. On the 12th at mid-day, a hollow the burning matter flowed down all the rumbling sound was heard, the clouds sides of the mountain, with a force hi- gathered, and the wind was hushed into therto unprecedented, all Vesuvius was silence; the rocking returned, and in a on fire, and the lara has caused the great few minutes afier, the village of Cozas, est losses; houses and whole estates situated on a plain, comprising twentyhave been overwhelmed ; and at this day two houses, was swallowed up, and in families in tears, and reduced to despair, the spot where it stood a lake of boiling search in vain for the inheritance of their water gushed forth. Many of the un ancestors, buried under the destroying fortunate inbabitants, who had previously lava, At ten at night, the hermitage retired to the elevated ground, behelt was no longer accessible: a river of fire the sight with a degree of horror, and had obstructed the road. The districts amazement, which enchained all their situated on the south-east quarter of the faculties; their whole property swept mountain were doomed to suffer still away in a few minutes, and in the plade more. Mount Vesuvius was now but one where their once beautiful gardens and vast flame; and the mariner, at a prodi- flourishing orchards stood, nought now rious distance, might contemplate at appeared but a vast expanse of water. leisure this terrific illumination of nature. About thirty-two persons, it is calcular
The scarcity of oil at Venice, in 1807, ted, have lost their lives by. this awla! occasioned by the destruction of the olives and calamitous event, and cattle and trees, during the war, led to the intro. property to a considerable amount are'deduction into that state of the Chinese stroyed. A great degree of alarni con radish, which has, of late, been culti- tinues to pervade the whole island, as on Vated there with great success. The oil the east side an orifice has been disco. is represented to be superior to any al- vered, resembling the crater of a volcano, ready known, not merely for the table, and out of which flames occasionally but for burning, and many medical pur- burst. Ihitherto they have been upacposes, especially in pulmonary and rheu- companied by any ejection of volcanic matic affections, and in pleurisies and matter." convulsive coughs.
In the evening of April 8, two sucA letter from St. Michael, one of the cessive shocks of an earthquake were Azores, dated August 24, gives the foule distinctly felt in Calcutta and its vicinity. lowing account of the destructive effects The time was between twenty and twenof an earthquake, lately experienced in ty-five minutes past seren, and the duthat island. “ One of those dreadful ration of each succession was estimaied phenomena never witnessed in your at from six to thirty secord. The ricountry, has plunged many here in una brations appeared at tinut in pass in a speakable wretcheduess and allliction, line from north.cat in south-west, and and continues to occasion great terror to then to return in an opposite direction. all the inhabitants of this island. Oil Reports from various stations in the lower the 11th of August, at ten P. M. slight parts of Bengal, as far up as Moorshedashocks of an earthquake were felt at in- bad, mention the occurrence of a similar dervals of a few minutes for four bours. phenomenon, nearly at the same hour. During this time the inhabitants, under By a letter from Ramnugur, the vibrathe influence of alarm for their personal tion is stated to have been felt there af safeiy as well as property, were running half-past seven, and to have continued to and fro in the greatest distress. Be- for an unusually long time. At Guttall, tween two and thice a dreadful rocking the shock distinctly repeated was experienced throughout the whole thrice. MutuLY MAG, No. 206.