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Medeola virginiana. The roots are said to be eaten by the Indians, and to have a taste like cucumber.
Anthericum alüsides. Mr. Ker has elsewhere remarked, that this genus requires reforming and separating. The one here tigured, frutescers and longiscopum of Jacquin, are all three closely allied, are natives of the Cape of Good Hope, and have yellow flowers and succulent leaves.
Allium cernum. There is a singularity in the form of the germen in this species,which we do not recollect to have seen describe in any other; it is triangular, and the angles are civigated at the top of the germen into a bifid process.
in a note added to this article, Mr. Ker remarks, that allium striatum is not a native of the Cape as he had before stated it to be on the authority of Jacquin, but of North America; and that Ornithogalum bivalve, of Lionæus, is the same plant.
Albuca vittata appears to be a species not before described.
Allium fluvium. "Yellow flowers are uncommon in this genus ; this and mcly are the only ones we recollect. Mr. Ker, in a former article, No. 1143, corrected a mistake that he had failen into at No. 979, in giving a wrong plant for Allium paniculatum. He now direces, that the observation there made, that "the pedicles are intermixed with small round bulbs" should be expunged, as it belongs to oleraceum, becween which and paniculatum, these bulbs are one of the chief distinctions.
In the above enumeration, we have brought all the aloes together, though intermixed with the other plants in the publication.
I» Dr. Sims's department in the same four numbers, we find :
Phlox pilosu and amona, two nearly allied species; the former is supposed to be the aristota of Michaux, and the latter his pilos. Both these plants were introduced by Mr. Fraser, of Sloane squase, who, it is here remarked, has made seven voyages to Norih America, for the lewe dable purpose of increasing our knowledge in the vegetable productions of that part of the world.
Claytonia alsincides. This species, according to Dr. Sims, is distinct from sibirica, for wlich it has been generally taken, introduced from Nootka Sound, by Mş. Archibald Menzies.
Gouvia pubescens. A decandrous papilionaceous plant, from Van Diemen's land; which country being subject to a frosi, it is probable, thai its vegetables will be found sufficientig. hardy to endure our winters without shelter.
Lupinus Noarkarensis. Another discovery of Mr. A. Menzies, on the north-west coast of America, and already become very common in our gardens. Othonna amplexicaulis
. From the singularity of its foliage, this plant makes a very pictvsesque drawing. It is a rare specics, and was communicated by Mr. Knight, nursecyman, King's quad, Chelsea. Biliardieri mutabilis. An elegant little shrub from New South Wales.
Lonicera fiava. Supposed to be a new species of woodbine, from North America, discovered by Mr. Fraser, of Sloane-quare.
Lobelia lutea; from the Cape of Good Hope. Dr. Sims queries whether this properly belongs to the genus lobelia; to us the reversion oi the flower does not seem at all sufficient for a separasion; neither is this singular, we know at least of one other species in which the same takes place; and in this species, likewise, the tube is nearly, if not altogether, wanting.
Mantisia saliatria. This is one of the most singular scitaminevus plants we have seen. It is at the same time very beautiful. The airy-looking party.coloured corollas, have been fancifully compared to dancing girls. Dr. Sims thought it resembled the insect called mantis, whence his generic name. But adopting, at the same time, the former notion he has given it che specific name of saltatcria : and in English has called it opera girls. Though we were as firs' somewhat shocked at so whimsical and apparently unscientific a dame, yei, upon further consideration we do not see much to object to in it. Hitherto no attempt has been made to reduce the English names, to a scientific form, and whilst ladies'-tresses, friars'-cowi, Jupiters distaff, love-lies-bleeding, fresh-water-soldier, fais-maids of France, are to be found in the most scientific catalogue that this country has produced, we need not be aver fastidious. We might perhaps go farther, and maintain chat as names taken from a fancied similarity when converted into Greek, rank with the best, why should they be despised when purely English? In our opinion ladies'-slipper is in no respect, interior to cypripedium; nor would orchestndia be betier than opera-girls.
In Dr. Roxburgh's essay on the scisaminee, this plane is referred to the genus globba, with which it has certainly a near allinity, bus, in our opinion, Dr. Sims's reasons tor separating it are quite sufficient,
Cluytia alaverroides, A plant of no great beauty, but no intelligible representation of it . was before extant. This name was originally cluta, and was given by Boerhaave, of a Dutch professor, Clayt; and very properly changed by Mr. Dryander to claytia, whicho while it agrees be ter with the botanist's name, prevenis its being confounded with owia.
Lobelia gigantes. This has been supposed to be the çupa of Feuillée, one of the most possono ous plants upon record; smelling to the flowers proving according to the holy father, Puently cinetic; and rubbing the eyes with the fingers, accidentally smcased with the juice, intailbly
destroying the eyes. Dr. Sims, indeed, found no inconvenience from dissecting, as well as smelling to the flowers of this plant; which, liowever, he has given a good reason for subposing is not the same species as the one described and figure by Father Feuillée.
Stapelta gemineta. This plant has been before figured by Masson, but Mr. Edwards's drawn ings are so superior, that we cannot call them superfluous.
Potentilla clusiana. The petals are not so round in this as in Jacquin's figure, and are abcordate, in which respect Clusius's own figure corresponds.
Menyan hes sarmentosa. A water plant from New South Wales.
Panax guin.quifolia. The celebrated Ginseng of the Chinese; so famed through China and Japan for its medical virtues, particularly as a restorative; and so totally neglected by the merical practitioners of Europe, though easily attainable from North America.
Panax pusilla. This is a much smaller species than the last, and has a round root, very ke a small potatoe.
Fumaria fermosa. This is a third plant occuring in this report, and another still remains, which was introduced from the north-west coast of America, by Mr. Archibald Menzies, and a very valuable addition to our gardens it seems to be; being casily propagated, perfectly hardy. "and very beautiful both in foliage and flower.
Claytonia perfolieta; likewise introduced by Mr. Menzies, and from the same country. It has not any of the beauty of the last to recommend it. But it is not a little singular, it M. Boopland bas made no mistake, that this plant should be an inhabitant both of Nootka Sound, and of the tropical Island of Cuba.
We are obliged still to defer our account of English Botany to a future report.
METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. (løserontions on the State of the Weather, from the 24th of Ociober 1810, to the 24th of November 1810, inclusive, l'our Miles N.N.W. of St. Paul's, Barometer,
Thermometer. Highest, 300. Oct. 26, Wind N.W. Highest, 56o. Nov. 15. Wind W. Lowest, 28:17. Nov. 10, E.
Lowest, 319. Nov. 3.
This variation occurred Tl.is great varia
between the 14th an Greatest 95 hun. tion touk place be
15th of Nov. The variation in dredths of tween the evening variation in 15. greatest height on the 24 hours. an inch, of the 10th and 21 hours.
former day was 41", atth instant.
and on the latter it was as bigla as 56o.
The quantity of rain fallen during the present month, is equal to more than 9 inches in depth.
This unquestionably has been the most rainy November that has been known in this country for many years. The rains, we are sorry to say, bave been not only very general in almost all parts of the island, but, bave been attended with the most destructive consequences. The storms of wind accompanying many of the showers, have done great damage antong the shipping.
As might naturally be expected, the average height of the barometer has been much lower than usual; viz. less than 29.9 inches, and the temperature for the whole month is nearly 49'3.
Twice or thrice only, the thermometer has been as low as the freezing-point. The variations in the temperature have not been remarkable, the only material change is noticed above; but the variations of the mercury in the barometer, were, towards the middle of the month, very considerable; it rose and fell several times from 1 to 2 of an inch in the course of 12 or 14 hours. The wind has chiefly blown from the westerly points of the compass, and the number of days in which there has been rain is 24 out of the 31 ; og many of the otis and nights too, as will be in the recollection of every reader, it came duwo in large quantities There have been do fogs.
The average temperature, and quantity of rain fallen during the months of July, August, and Sep?cmber, in the Isle of Wight, are as follow:
Pristity of Rain.
* September-0600 Higégale, No. 24, 1810.
PRICES OF STOCKS, froin the 27th of OcToner, to the 211h ní Noremner, both inclusive.
Navy i perCt.
5 per Ci.
Ann. Irish per Ct.
3:54 per Co. Aje to Nin Consols
100$ | 17
633 601 891
655 66} &
Tolirav. 2513 655
007 67% 8825 19.
282 24.1 216 671
67 671; 821
fuit 973181 173
13 P. 15 Dis 664
13 P. 153 Dis. 6oig
Dis 003 67
15 P. 44 Dis 675
12 p. 1 Dis. 671
11 P. 14 Dis. 674 67
N. l. 1. lue 3 per Ceut. Consois the hugshest and loucest Prices are given; "the other stocks, the highest only.
Ww, TURQUAND, Scock and Exchange Braker, No. 9, St. Michael's Allev, Cornbið. THE
JANUARY 1, 1811. [6 of Vol. 30.
A: lose us thore who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving their opinions : Maximum of
Isfucnce and Celebrity, the mott extensively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greate& Ered the Curiolity of thuse who read either for Ainufemept or Infruction.---JOHNSON.
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. For the Monthly Magozine. Amsterdam were depressed as low as ABSTRACT of the REPORT of the yf",ECT from 16 to 20 per cent. below par; and COMMITTEE of the House of COMMONS, that on Paris still lower. on the urge PRICE of GOLD BULLION. So extraordinary a rise in the market
TOUR committee have found that price of gold in this country, coupled with the regulations of his Majesty's mint, is changes with the continent, very clearly, 31. 178. 10 d. per ounce of standard fine. in the judgment of your committee, ness, was, during the years 1806, 1807 pointed io something in the state of our and 1803, as high as 4l, in the market. own domestic curreniey as the cause of Towards the end of 1808 it began to ad.' both appearances. But, before they vance very rapidly, and continued very adopted that conclusion, which seemed high during the whole year 1809; the agreeable to all former reasonings and market price of standard gold in bars experience, they thought it proper to fluctuating from 41. 93. to 41. 12s. per oz. enquire more particularly into the cire The market price at 41. 10s. is about 15į cumstances connected with each of those per cent, above the mint price.
two facts; and to hear, from persons of . It appeared to your committee, that it coinmercial practice and detail, what might be of use, in judging of the cause explanations they had to offer of só unof this high price of gold bullion, to be usual a state of things. informed also of the prices of silver du- It will be found, by the evidence, that ring the same period. The price of the bigh price of gold is ascribed, by standard silver in his Majesty's mint is most of the witnesses, entirely to an 35, 22. per ounce; at this standard price, alleged scarcity of that article, arising the value of a Spanish dollar is 45. 4d. out of an unusual demand for it upon the of, which comes to the same thing, Spa- continent of Europe. This unusual denish dollars are, at that standard price, mand for gold upon the continent is worth 48. 11 d. per ounce. It is stated described by some of them as being in Wettenhali's Tables, that throughout chietly for the use of the French armies, the year 1809, the price of new dollars though increased also by that state of fluctuated from 36. 5d. to 56. 7d. per alarm, and failure of confidence, which ounce, or from 10 to 13 per cent, above leads to the practice of hoarding. the mint price of standard silver, In Your committee are of opinion, that; the course of the last month, new dollars in the sound and natural state of the Brió have been quoted as high as 58. 8d. per tish currency, the foundation of which is ounce, or more than 15 per cent, above gold, no increased demand for gold froni the mint price.
other parts of the world, however great, or Your committee have likewise found, from whatever causes arising, cannot have that towards the end of the year 1808, the eflect of producing here, for a con. the exchanges with the continent be siderable period of tinc, a material rise came very unfavourable to this country, in the inarket price of gold. But, before and continued still more unfavourable they proceed to explam the grounds of through the whole of 1309, and the ihree that general opinion, they wish to state first months of the present year,
some other reasons, which alone would llamburgh, Amsterdam, and Paris, have led them to doubt whether, in point are the principal places with which the of fact, such a demand for gold as is exchanges are esiablished at present. alleved, has operated in the manner During the last six months of 1809, and supposed. the three first months of the present
II there were an unusual demand for year, the exchanges on Hamburgh and gold upon the continent, such as could MNINLY Mac. No. 207.
iniluence influence its market price in this country, remark upon this point, that the evidence it would of course influence also, and laid before them has led them to enter. indeed in the first instance, its price in tain much doubt of the alleged fact, the continental inarkets; and it was to be that a scarcity of gold bullion has been expected that those who ascribed the recently, experienced in this country. bigh price here to a great demand That guineas have disappeared from Ilie abroad, would have been prepared to circulation, there can be no question; state that there was a corresponding high but that does not prove a scarcity of bol. price abroad. Your committee did not lion, any more than the high price provés find that they grounded their inference that scarcity. If gold is rendered dear upon any such information; and so far by any other cause than scarcity, those as your committee have been enabled to who cannot purchase it without paying ascertain, it does not appear that during the high price, will be very apt to conthe period wben the price of gold bullion clude that it is scarce. A very extensive was rising here, as valued in our paper, home dealer who was examined, and there was any corresponding rise in the who spoke very much of the scarcity of price of gold bullion in the inartiet of the gold, acknowledged that he found no continent, as valued in their respective difficulty in getting any quantity he wantcurrencies.
ed, if he was willing to pay the price for With respect to the alleged demand it. And it appears to your committee, for gold upon the continent for the sup- that, though in the course of the last year ply of the French armies, your committee there have been large exportations of inust further observe, that, if the wants gold to the continent, there have been of the military chest have been latterly also very considerable importations of it much increased, the general supply of into this country froin South America, Europe with gold has been augmented by chiefly through the West Indies. all that quantity which this great com- It is important also to observe, that the mercial country has spared in conse- rise in the market price of silver in this quence of the substitution of another mee country, which has nearly corresponded dium of circulation. And your com- to that of the market price of gold, canmittee cannot omit remarking, that not in any degree be ascribed to a scar. though the circumstances which might city of silver. The importations of siloccasion such an increased demand inay ver have of late years been unusually recently have existed in greater force large, while the usual drain for ladia and than at former periods, yet in the former China has been stopped. wars and convulsions of the continent, Since the suspension of cash payments they must have existed in such a degree in 1797, it is certain, that, even if gold is as to produce some effect.
still our measure of value and standard The two most remarkable periods of prices, it has been exposed to a vew prior to the present, when the market cause of variation, from the possible exprice of gold in this country has exceeded cess of that paper which is not concert our mint price, were in the reign of king ible into gold at will; and the limit of William, when the silver coin was very this new variation is as indefinite as the much worn below its standard, and in the excess to which that paper will be issued. early part of his present Majesty's reign, It may indeed be doubled, whether, since when the gold coin was very much worn the new system of Bank of England pay. below its standard. In both those pe- ments has been fully established, gold riods, the excess of the market price of has in truth continued to be our measure gold above its mint price was found to be of value; and whetler we bave any other owing to the bad state of the currency; standard of prices than that circulating and in both instances, the reformation medium, issued primarily by the Bank of of the currency effectually lowered the England and in a secondary manner by market price of gold to the level of the the country banks, the variations of mint price. During the whole of the which in relative value may be as inde. years 1796 and 1797, in which there was finite as the possible excess of that circu. such a scarcity of yold, occasioned by the Tating mediuin. But wherher our pre great demands of the country-bankers in sent measure of value, and standard of order to encrease their deposits, the mar- prices, be this paper currency thus varia: ket price of gold never rose above the ble in its relative value, or continues still mint price.
to be gold, but gold rendered more variaYour committee have still further to ble ihan it was before in consequence of