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WEST INDIES. No fleet has arrived since our last report, and produce of every kind is very dull in the market, for want of export to the continent of Europe. Coffee is a mere drug, and large quantities of the article are now lying in the West India Docks under bond. Sugars very flat, and in no demand. Rum sells from 45. 61. to 6s. 6d. per gallon. Cotton wool seils irom 20d. to 22d. per Ib.

SOUTH AMERICA.-The markets are over stocked with every description of British ma. na factures, and the produce of these countries imported here, barely pays first cost.

NORTH AMERICA -The trade continues the same as stated in report, with the exception, that the port of Liverpool is glutted with American produce of every description and the market is rather lower in prices than London.

Current Prices of Sbares in Docks, Navigable Canals, Bridges, Roads, Water Works, Institutions, and Fire and Life Insurance Offices, at the Office of Messrs. Wolfe and Co. No.9 Change Alley, Cornhill, 228 November, 1810.--Grand Junction Canal, 2811. per sliare. Kennet and Avon ditto, 421, ditto.-Grand Surry ditto, 721. ditto. London Dock Stock, 12341. per cent.-West India 1651. dicto.-East India ditto, 1311. ditto.--Commercial Road 1371. per cent.--East London Water Works, 1801. per share.Wese Middlesex ditco, 1151 ditto.--South London ditto, 1271, ditto --York Buildings ditto, 351. per share premium.Kent ditto, 451. ditto.-Globe Insurance Office, 1211. per share.

The average prices of Navigable Canal Property, Dock Stock, Fire-office Shares, &c. in November, 1810, (to the 25th) at the Office of Mr. Scott, 28, New Bridge-street, London. - Staffordshire and Worcestershire, 7491. 195. dividing 401. nett per annum.-Swansea, 1671. ; the last dividend 81. per share.- Monmouthshire, i21 5s. to 1351. with 21. 10s. half yearly dividend. --Grand Junction, 2931. to 2751. with 31, half yearly dividend. Kennet and Avon, 411. 10s.-Wilts and Berks, 581.-Rochdale, 551.-Ellesmere, 531.--Union, 961.-Lancaster, *261. to.271. 10s.-Ashby-de-la-Zouch, 241. Basingstoke, 451. 35.- Worcester and Birmingham Old Shares, 381.-Grand Surrey, 721. to 691. 155.-West India Dock Stock, 1651.London Dock, 1231. 10s.-Commercial Dock, 721.-Globe Assurance, 1241. per share. Albion Assurance, 601. - Imperial ditto, 761.- London Instaution, 651.-Surrey lascicution, 23). 2s.

MONTHLY BOTANICAL REPORT.

QUR two last Reports being entirely occupied by the new edition of the Hortus Kewensis,

and the preceding one in paying our arrears of notice due to the Botanist's Repository, we have fallen behind with the other periodical works, of the contents of which we may have been in the habit of making some mention.

We shall now resume our account of the Botanical Magazine, of which four numbers have been pablished, as yet unnoticed by us. We shall enumerate all the plants in Mr. Ker's* department in succession, without interrupting the series by those of Dr. Sims.

Aloe arborescens, the tree aloe; one of the most gigantic of the species, but which was considered by Linnæus as a variety of perfoliata.

Aloe aracbnoides, var. reticulata. This is one of the most diminutive species, nearly allied to the Cushion Alue.

One can hardly conceive that these two plants can be properly united under one genus, dif. feriog so much as they do in habit, in foliage, and in the form, as well as coluur, of the flower. The genus ought, if not entirely separated, to be divided into sections,

Aloe lingua ; the tongue-Aloe. All these threc afford examples of as many different seco cions, if not of distinct genera.

Alőe picta. This would fall under the same section as or boree ; as the next, Aloe carinata, would unite with lingua.

Alőe depressa. This species was considered by Linnæus as a variety of perfoliara, and would consequently be arranged under the first-mentioned section. To this plate an outline of 2 diminished figure of the whole plant is added. This is a most useful addition; without which the full-sized representation on so small a plate can hardly convey an intelligible idea of such very large plants. We can but wish that this method had been more generally adopted in cases where a small portion of a plant is insufficient to give a proper notion of the whole. We are happy to receive so many representations of succulent plants, which, hardly admitting of being preserved as dried specimens, are, on that account, more particularly desirable.

Hæmanthus puriceus. io a former number, Mr. Ker had observed, lat Hæmanthus multia Acrus probably did not properly belong to this genus; but he here acknowledges that it bears a red berry, which corresponds with the rest of the genus, and, in consequence, desires his former observation to be annulled.

This botanist being every where quoted by his present name in the Hortus Kewensis, we sball in future follow chis example, and drop that of Gawler, though the letter G. still continues to point out his articles,

Medeola

Medeola virginiana. The roote are said to be eaten by the Indians, and to have a taste like Cucumber.

Anthericum aläoides. Mr. Ker has elsewhere remarked, that this genus requires reforming and separating. The one here figured, frutescers and longiscapum of Jacquin, are all three closely allied, are natives of the Cape of Good Hope, and have yellow flowers and succulent leaves.

Allium cernuum. There is a singularity in the form of the germen in this species,which we do not recollect to have seen describe in any other; it is triangular, and the angles are clongated at the top of the germen into a bifid process.

In a note added to this article, Air. Ker remarks, that allium striatum is not a native of the Cape as he had before stated it to be on the authority of Jacquin, but of North America; and that Ornithogalum bivalve, of Lionæus, is the same plant.

Albuca vittata appears to be a species not before described.

Allium flavum. Yellow flowers are uncommon in this genus; this and mely are the only ones we recollect. Mr. Ker, in a former article, No. 1143, corrected a mistake that he had failen into at No. 975, in giving a wrong plant for Allium paniculatum. He now direccs, that the observation there made, that "the pedicles are intermixed with small round bulbs" should be expunged, as it belongs to oleraceum, between which and paniculatum, these bulbs are one of the chief distinctions.

In the above enumeration, we have brought all the aloes together, though intermixed with the other plants in the publication.

Iu Dr. Sims's department in the same four numbers, we find :

Phlox pilosa and amona, two nearly allied species; the former is supposed to be the aristota of Michaux, and the latter his pilosa. Both these plants were introduced by Mr. Fraser, of Sloane-square, who, it is here remarked, has made seven voyages to North America, for the leodable purpose of increasing our knowledge in the vegetable productions of that part of the world.

Claytonia aksinoides. This species, according to Dr. Sims, is distinct from sibirica, for wbica it has been generally taken. Introduced from Noorka Sound, by Mr. Archibald Menzies.

Goodia pubescens. A decandrous papilionaceous plant, from Van Diemen's land; which country being subject to a frost, it is probable, thai its vegetables will be found sufficientig hardy to endure our winters without shelter.

Lupinus Noukatensis. Another discovery of Mr. A. Menzies, on the north-west coast of America, and already become very common in our gardens. Othonna amplexicaulis

. From the singularity of its foliage, this plant makes a very pittusesque drawing. It is a rare species, and was communicated by Mr. Knight, ausseryman, King's road, Chelsea. Billardierii mutabilis. An elegant little shrub from New South Wales,

Lonicera fiava. Supposed to be a new species of woodbine, from North America, discovered by Mr. Fraser, of Sloane-square.

Lobelia lutea; from the Cape of Good Hope. Dr. Sims queries whether this properly belong to the genus lobelia; to us the reversion of the lower does not seem at all sufficient for a separa. fion; neither is this singular, we know at least of one other species in which the same takes place; and in this species, likewise, the tube is nearly, if not altogether, wanting.

Mantisia saliatria. This is one of the most singular scitamineous plants we have seen. It is at tbe same time very beautiful. The airy-looking party.coloured corollas, have been fancifully compared to dancing girls. Dr. Sims thought it resembled the insect called mantis, whence his generic name. But adopting, al: the same time, the former notion he has given it the specific name of saltatoria : and in English has called it opera girls. Though we were as firs, somewhat shocked at so whimsical and apparently unscientific a name, yet, upon further consideration we do not see much to object to in it. Hitherto, no attempt has been made to reduce the English names, to a scientific form, and whilst ludies'-tresses, friars'-cowi, Jupiters distaff, love-lies-bleeding, fresh-water-soldier, fair-maids of France, are to be found in the most scientific catalogue that this country has produced, we need not be aver fastidious. We might perhaps go farther, and maintain that as names taken from a fancied similarity when converted into Greek, rank with the best, why should they be despised when purely English? la our opinion ladies'-slipper is in no respect inferior to cypripedium; nor would orchestridia be betier than opera-girls.

In Dr. Roxburgh's essay on the scitamineæ, this plant is referred to tlie genus globba, with which it has certainly a near aflinity, but, in our opinion, Dr. Sims's reasons tor separating it are quite sufficient.

Cluytia alarernoides. A plant of no great beauty, but no intelligible representatio of it was before extant. This name was originally cutia, and was given by Boerlaare, in honor of a Dutch professor, Clayt; and very properly changed by Mr. Dryander to claytia, which, while it agrees be ter with the botanist's name, prevenis its being confounded with cusia.

Lobelia gigantea. This has been supposed to be the cupa of Feuillée, one of the most poison." ous plants upon record; smelling to the flowers proving according to the holy father, viuently einetic; and rubbing the eyes with the fingers, accidencally sweased with the juice, infalibly

destroying

destroying the eyes, Dr. Sims, indeed, found no inconvenience from dissecting, as well as smelling to the flowers of this plant; which, liowever, he has given a good reason for sup. posing is not the same species as the one described and figured by Father Feuillée.

Stapelia geminata. This plant has been before figured by Masson, bat Mr. Edwards's drawn ings are“ so superior, that we cannot call them superfluous.

Potenoilla Clusiana. The petsis are not so round in this as in Jacquin's figure, and are abcordate, in which respect Clusius's own figure corresponds.

Menyan hes sarmentosa. A water plant from New South Wales.

Panax quinquefolia. The celebrated Ginseng of the Chinese ; so famed through China and Japan for its medical virtues, particularly as a restorative; and so totally neglected by the mesical practitioners of Europe, though easily attainable from North America.

Panax pusilla. This is a much smaller species than the last, and has a round root, very like a smail potatoe.

Fumaria formosa. This is a third plant occuring in this report, and another still reriains, which was introduced from the north-west coast of America, by Mr. Archibald Menzies, and a very valuable addition to our gardens it seems to be; being easily propagated, perfectly hardy, and very beautiful both in foliage and flower.

Claytonia perfoliata; likewise introduced by Mr. Menzies, and from the same country. It has not any of the beauty of the last to recommend it. But it is not a little singular, if M. Boopiand has made no mistake, that this plant should be an inhabitant both of Nootka Sound, and of the tropical Island of Cuba.

We are obliged still to defer our account of English Botany to a future report.

METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. Observations on the State of the Weather, from the 24th of October 1810, to the 24th of November 1810, inclusive, Tour Miles N.N.W. of St. Paul's, Barometer.

Thermometer. Highest, 50%. Oct. 26, Wind N.W. Highest, 56o. Nov. 15. Wind W. Lowest, 28:17. Nov. 10, E.

Lowest, 31o. Nov. 3.

-W.

This variation occurred Tl.is great varia

between the 14th and Greatest 95 hun. tion louk piace be

Greatest

15th of Nov. The dredths of

tween the evening variation in 15.0 greatest height on the 21 hours. an inch. of the 10th and 21 hours,

former day was 41", 11th instant.

and on the latter it was as high as-56o.

variacion in

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above;

Tre quantity of rain fallen during the present month, is equal to more than 9 inches in depth.

This unquefionably has been the most rainy November that has been known in this counttry for many years. The rains, we are sorry to say, bave been not only very general in almost all parts of the island, but, bave been attended with the most destructive consequences. The storms of wind accompanying many of the showers, have done great damage among the shipping.

As might naturally be expected, the average height of the barometer has been much lower than usual; viz. less than 29.3 inches, and the temperature for the whole month is nearly

Twice or thrice only, the thermometer has been as low as the freezing-point. The variations in the temperature have not been remarkable, the only material change is noticed

bu; the variations of the mercury in the barometer, were, towards the middle of the month, very considerable; it rose and tell several times trom 1 to 9 of an inch in the course of 12 or 14 hours. The wind has chiefly blown from the westeriy points of the compass, and the number of days in which there has been rain is 24 out of the 31; op inany of the dais and nights too, as will be in the recollection of every reader, is came down is large quantities There have been no fogs.

The average temperature, and quantity of rain fallen during the months of July, Auguse, and Seprember, in the Isle of Wight, are as follow:

Onintity of Rain
July .....64664

5 in. Po
August...63 36

September-06 00 Highgate, Not. 24, 1810.

TRICES

Average Temperature,

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N. l. In the 3 per Cent. Consols the highest and lowest Prices are given in the other stocks, the highest only.

Ww. TURQUAND, Stock and Exchange Broker, No. 9, St. Michael's Alley, Cornbill.

No. 207.] JANUARY 1, 1811. [6 of Vol. 30.

A: long as thore who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving their opinions a Maximum of

Issuence and Celebrity, the mott extensively circulated Mifeellany will repay with the great Efe& the Curiety of thuse who read either for Amusemept or In&ruction.----JOHNSON.

Y ,

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. For the Monthly Magazine. Amsterdam were depressed as low as ABSTRACT of the REPORT of the yf",ECT from 16 to 20 per cent. below par; and

COMMITTEE of the house of Commons, that on Paris still lower. on the nigh PRICE of GOLD BULLION. So extraordinary a rise in the market

OUR committee have found that price of gold in this country, coupled with the regulations of his Majesty's mint, is changes with the continent, very clearly, 31. 178. 101d. per ounce of standard fine. in the judgment of your committee, ness, was, during the years 1806, 1807 pointed io something in the state of our and 1803, as high as 4l, in the market. own domestic currency as the cause of Towards the end of 1808 it began to ad. both appearances. But, before they vance very rapidly, and continued very adopted that conclusion, which seemed high during the whole year 1809; the agreeable to all former reasonings and market price of standard gold in bars experience, they thought it proper to fluctuating from 4l. 9s. to 41. 12s. per oz. erquire more particularly into the cire The market price at 4l. 10s. is about 15{ cumstances connected with each of those per cent, above the mint price.

two facts; and to hear, froin persons of : It appeared to your committee, that it coinmercial practice and detail

, what might be of use, in judging of the cause explanations they had to offer of so unof this high price of gold bullion, to be usual a state of things. informed also of the prices of silver du- It will be found, by the evidence, that ning the same period. The price of the high price of gold is ascribed, by standard silver in his Majesty's mint is most of the witnesses, entirely to an 55. 2d. per ounce; at this standard price, alleged scarcity of that article, arising the value of a Spanish dollar is 4s. 4d. out of an unusual demand for it upon the or, which comes to the same thing, Spa- continent of Europe. This unusual de: nish dollars are, at that standard price, mand for gold upon the continent is worth 43. 11 d. per ounce. It is stated described by some of them as being in Wettenhall's Tables, that throughout chiefly for the use of the French armics, the year 1809, the price of new dollars though increased also by that state of fluctuated from 55.5d. to 58. 7d. per alarn), and failure of confidence, which ounce, or from 10 to 18 per cent. above leads to the practice of boarding. the mint price of standard silver, In Your commitice are of opinion, that; the course of the last month, new dollars in the sound and natural state of the Brió have been quoted as high as 5s. 8d. per tish currency, the foundation of which is ounce, or more than 15 per cent. above gold, no increased demand for gold front the mint price.

other parts of the world, however great, or Your committee have likewise found, from whatever causes arising, cannot have that towards the end of the year 1808, the effect of producing here, for a con. the exchanges with the continent be- siderable period of tinc, a material risé came very unfavourable to this country, in the inarket price of gold. But, before and continued still more unfavourable they proceed to explain the grounds of through the whole of 1309, and the ihree that general opinion, they wish to state first months of the present year.

some other reasons, which alone would Ilamburgh, Amsterdam, and Paris, have led them to doubt whether, in point are the principal places with which the of fact, such a demand for gold as is exchanges are established at present. allegedd, has operated in the manner During the last six months of 1809, and supposed. the three first months of the present If there were an unusual demand for year, the exchanges on Hamburgh and gold upon the continent, such as could MONTHLY Mac. No. 207.

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