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(2.) “ Whose Bocke is this if you will know readers —have supplied to me an additional instance in letters I will plainly show
of the Dean's (casual ? or prepense?) borrowings. ye first an I in all mens sight jue second D a word of might
As the Stagyrite had forestalled his reverence's Joyn you these letters conningly
mensuration of pigmies and of giants, so did the and you shall finde his name thereby
Table-talker-E. P. Religion, iii. p. 102-anticiand if you chance his name to misse
pate his testamentary coats of the three brothers : looke down below and there it is.
an allegory little to the liking of Petrines or of John Deere 1671."
Jackites, and all the less for its uncompromising W. C. B.
directness. OPOPANAX.—Some years since this odd-looking To Mr. Arber let me take this opportunity of word was posted with an air of mystery all over saying Macte! Among his—many, I hope-reLondon. In process of time this turned out to be trievals from dusty shelves, perhaps he will not a puff of a new perfume; but, singularly enyugh, forget Lord Herbert of Cherbury. E. L. S. opopanax is described in Burton's Anatomy of
CORRUPT ENGLISH. — It is a pity that writers Melancholy as a “fetid Mexican gum.” J.L. C.
are so often to be met with who use the follow“ LEVELLING UP.”—This phrase is not of mo- ing awkward phrase, or something analogous to dern invention. Dr. Johnson, speaking to Boswell it: "It cannot be doubted but that he is sincere." in 1763 about Mrs. Macaulay, says: “Sir, your Besides being inelegant, it is positively incorrect; levellers wish to level down as far as themselves, for, literally taken, it means the reverse of what is but they cannot bear levelling up to themselves.” intended to be expressed. The word but entirely
C. J. ROBINSON. alters the sense, and should be omitted. It would CROMLECAS. – If no one has ventured to sug
be curious to know how the phrase originated. gest an eastward track for the builders of the It has been adopted without reflection, even by the cromlechs, cairns, &c. scattered along the western
best of writers. The sooner it is exploded-for the
M. A. B. coast of Europe (see Saturday Review, June 13), sake of pure English-the better. allow me to start it simply as an hypothesis. Might not the race that raised these and kindred structures in Brittany and Biscay, as well as in the
Queries. west and south-west of England, be persons of some original race (Tartar or other) that had
Ball: RECTORS OF WHIPPINGHAN, ISLE OF drifted in the first instance, and afterwards esta
Wigur. — A propos of the notice in “N. & Q.” blished an emigration, from America to Europe? about the Mayos, Vicars of Avebury, can any of Intercourse between Europe and America did not your readers tell me whether there is not a similar begin with Columbus.
0. T. DOBBIN.
instance of " long family connection with a living"
in that of the Balls, who were, I henr, connected ONCE.-Congreve's comedy of the Old Bachelor (Act I. Sc. 3) furnishes an instance of the use of for a period of nearly two centuries?
as rectors with Whippingham, in the Isle of Wight, this word in the place of when once :-
Ludoyic Houston. “I am sorry to see this, Ned; once a man comes to his soliloquies I give him up for gone."
THE DUKE's Vault (OR Vaunt) OAK IN
UNEDA. SAVERNAKE FOREST.-Can any one communicate Philadelphia.
the legend respecting this oak. It is one of the FRENCH-ENGLISH. In the first series of largest in Savernake Forest, and though much “ N. & Q.” (vols. vii. viii. and x.) will be found decayed, is still a very giant among oaks. During several amusing specimens of Italian-Englishı
a recent visit to the forest I beard from several The following, recorded by the Rer. W. Shep-persons that a curious story attaches to the onk berd, as an attempt at an English advertisement, in question, but I have been unable to gather the affixed to one of the pillars of the Théatre Fran- particulars. Locally it bears the names of the çais, seems worthy a place in the collection of Duke's Vault, or Vaunt.
C. R. W. these curiosities :
Bath. “ Hardy Cook, living to the Louvre on the West Gate
Dante's - “INFERNO." - I have been informed nnder the vestibule, old emplacement of late M. Kolliker; that a very good translation of Dante's Inferno He will serve you with list, and he has parlours and privates rooms, receives Society, and has always some bas been recently printed by a Mr. David JohnShoucroute and Disters of Caucale. Nota he as wines of stone, at one time an M.D. of the University of Bordeaux firts quality:"_Paris in Fighteen Hundred and Edinburgh or Glasgow. I have not been able to Two and Eighteen Hundred and Fourteen, 8vo, London, ascertain the name of the publisher. Can any of 1814, p. 248.
your correspondents direct me where I can pur
chase a copy ? SELDEN: Swift.-Mr. Arber's “ English re
R. WILBRAHAM FALCONER, M.D. rints"-- especial handy-books are they for back- Bath,
TEN ENGLISH PRISONERS RELEASED BY BUONA- “THE HOLY COURT.”—In a work styled PARTE.—In the last volume (xxiii. p. 4) of the “ The Holy Court, fourth tome, The Command of Correspondance de Napoléon I, publiée par ordre de Reason over the Passions, written in French by F. N. l'Empereur Napoléon 111, I find the following Caussin, of the Society of Jesus, and Translaied into despatch from Napoleon to General Clarke Duc English by S-T. H. (Thomas Hawkins) Permissu Supe
riorum, M.DC.XXXVIII.," de Feltre, then Minister at War at Paris, dated
are the following sentences : Saint Cloud, Nov. 12, 1811:
“But it is a great error to thinke to make a religious “Lors de mon passage à Givét, un détachement de pri
man by holding a poignard to his throte, and by taking sonniers anglais a travaillé à rétablir un pont volant. hayre from his head when the consent of his heart cannot Parmi ceux-là j'ai remarqué le zèle et l'activité de huit ou
be had.”—Page 290. dix de ceux spécialement, qui se sont jetés dans un bate
“Necessity makes a Monke, where piety. could neuer let pour aider à la manoeuvre du pont. Donnez ordre
make a Christian.”—Page 325. que l'état des dix hommes qui se sont le plus distingués dans cette circonstance soit dressé ; que les hommes I made a note of the above several years since, soient habillés à neuf, et qu'on remette à chacun cing and should now like to know whether The Holy Napoléons avec un ordre de route pour Morlaix, où ils
Court is the earliest work in which they are seront réunis au Transport Office, en faisant connaître la raison de leur délivrance. Vous en instruirez le mini
J. BEALE. stère de la marine, que cette correspondance regarde. Il
Spittlegate, Grantham. est nécessaire qu'il n'y ait pas d'injustice, et que les
GENUINE IRISI BARONETAGE.—Would H. W., hommes qui se sont le mieux comportés soient choisis de préférence. Il y a la un ministre anglais qui s'est pré- who writes on the subject of the Rev. Sir William senté pour me demander la permission d'aller passer trois Palmer (antè, p. 47), oblige me by informing me mois en Angleterre ; accordez-la lui. Il pourrait être what is the name of the genuine Irish baronetchargé de la conduite des autres. Enfin je vous envoie age” to which he alludes, as I thought Sir B. une pétition qui m'a été remise dans la même circonstance Burke alone gave the lineage of the baronets ? par une Anglaise ; faites-moi un rapport sur ce qu'elle
C. S. K. demande." Is there any contemporary English record of
JERSEY FAMILIES. -Have some volumes on the this circumstance, or is it known who were the families of Jersey been published by Mr. Bertrand “ministre anglais” and the ten fortunate pri- Payne ? I have been informed that this is the soners committed to his care? T. E. case, but can find no mention of them in the Cata
F. E. GODFREY FAMILIES.—Wanted to know what logue of the British Museum. became of the descendants of Richard Godfrey, LEUGAN.-Can any of your readers explain how of Old Romney, who died 1641. His sons Robert, the practice may have arisen of dipping certain Richard, and Jobn are accounted for; but Wil- round crystals called leugan in water, for the cura liam and two others (names unknown) it is de- of diseases in cattle ? The superstition was, I supsirable to gain particulars of. Also who was pose, confined to Scotland. This is one of those Edward Godfrey of Risby, Suffolk, who died curious rites of which the probable origin has not 1727, æt. seventy-four; and Edward Godfrey of been discussed. CHARLES ROGERS, LL.D. St. James's, who died 1764. The parentage of Snowdoun Villa, Lewisham, S.E. these or any other descendants of Godfrey of Lon
LINEN PATTERN PANELS. - Can any of don will much oblige H. A. BAINBRIDGE.
your 21, Russell Road, Kensington.
readers oblige the Architectural Publication So
ciety by citing any dated examples of this curious GRIMM.-Can any of your readers inform me if design? The general impression is, that it is of any English translation exists of Grimm's work on Flemish origin; the manufacture of fine linen The Origin of Language (Ueber den Ursprung der being at its height in the low countries before it Sprache)? I have a translation in French, pub- was so in England.
A. A. lished at Paris in 1859, but I am told that no (Of) Poets' Corner. English edition is to be found at the library of Mary BEATRICE, QUEEN OF JAMES II.-Père. the British Museum.
Gaillard, the French Jesuit and celebrated preacher, PRINCE ETIENNE DE CROUY.
wrote for publication a life of Mary Beatrice; but Pall Mall.
her son, the First Pretender, would not allow it HERALDIC QUERY.—What is the English of the to be published for political reasons. The book following description of a French coat of arms: was entrusted to Mr. Dicconson of Wrightington, "De gueules à la main au naturel gonfalonnée her treasurer, who himself had a duplicate copy d'hermine, à l'épée d'argent en pal.' What is of it. Can any reader of “ N. & Q." say where also the English of a coat of arms en abime or either of these is to be found? There is a letter semé, with another coat of arms. Does any dic- from Mr. Dicconson saying it would be well to detionary of French and English heraldic terms posit them in a place of safety, but he does not exist ?
H. VAN LAUN. designate such place. They are not amongst the Cheltenham.
Stuart papers at Windsor Castle. A. E. L.
TITE INVENTOR OF ENVELOPES.
ROBERT MORRIS.—Where can I find any parti- That being so, how can it be said that sea culars of Robert Morris, a barrister, secretary to bathing is better than fresh river-water bathing? the Bill of Rights Society, who was the subject I sbould be glad of the rationale of this, which of some comments by Chief Justice Acton on the no doubt the eminent medical men and patholotrial of Almon for publishing Junius' Letter to the gists on your staff will be able to give. King, and who thereupon addressed a very strong
RATIONALIST. letter to tbe chief justice ? QUEJUNIRISTUS. THE PARABLE OF THE LILY. — Who painted
Queries with Answers. this picture ? When was it painted ? (La Jeune.) ORIGIN OF ENVELOPES. I beg to ask a place German lithographic copies of it are extensively in “N. & Q.” for the following, now that we have Bold at present in this country. JOHN WRIGHT.
one house alone making many millions monthly. Castle Street, Carlisle.
W. Wiley. A PARODY.—Where is a parody upon Moore's Birmingham. song of “The Legacy" to be found ? A lawyer's wig is substituted for a heart. Two of the lines
“ To the Editor of The Stationer.
“Sir,-Now that envelopes are made by the million “ Bid them not waste one stick of pomatum,
and for the million, it may be as well to trace out and Nor buy any oil decayed hairs to mend."
identify the originator and inventor of them. This I beUNEDA.
lieve I can do, and therefore present the following facts
to the consideration of your readers. About forty years Philadelphia.
ago, there lived at Brighton a bookseller and stationer of PARASE.—What is the meaning of the following the name of S. K. Brewer, and he used to place in bis passage?
shop-window piles of paper, beginning at the largest up
to the then smallest size, 16mo; but to finish off the pile “ V consonne et séjour.”
he cut cards so as to bring them up to a point. Ladies Cte X. de Maistre, Voyage autour de ma Chambre, used to go in and ask for that . dear litile paper,' which in: ch. xxxiii.
duced him to cut paper in small sizes. Then came thể G. A. SCHRUMPF.
difficulty of the place for address ; and the result was he Whitby.
invented the envelope, and had metal plates made for Who was SainT HEREFRID ?-I find the fol- cutting them to shape and sizes. This pleased the
ladies, and orders came to him for the little paper and lowing in a list of church goods compiled in 1486:
envelopes from all parts. This at length became such a “j come of Ivery that was saynt herefridis." demand upon his time, that he got Dobbs & Co., of Lon
don, to make them for him. Such was the ginning of No such person occurs in Alban Butler's Lives of the envelope trade When a child I have just a rememthe Saints, nor in Sir Harris Nicolas's Chronology brance of playing with the cutting plates, and the above of History. Potthast's Bibliotheca L'istorica Medii account I have had from my mother, who is now alive Ævi mentions an anonymous “ Vita b. Herefridi and well up in years.
“I am yours, &c. Episcopi Autissiodorensis," but I cannot think
“CHARLES BREWER. this is the person intended. Hereferth, Bishop of “73, Bold Street, Liverpool, Winchester, was killed in battle with the Danes “May 30, 1868.” at Charmouth in 833 or the following year. (Ang. [It cannot strictly be said that Mr. S. K. Brewer of Sax. Chron. sub anno; Godwin, Cat. of Bishops, Brighton, about forty years ago, was the inventor of en1601, p. 162.). Was he, in consequence of having velopes. The late Mr. Clarence Hopper found one in the fallen by the hands of the heathen, considered as a State Paper Office similar to our modern envelopes atmartyr
K. P. D. E.
tached to a letter dated May 16, 1696, addressed by Sir St. Nicolas Acon.—This church was destroyed James Ogilvie to the Right Hon. Sir Wm. Trumbull, Secreby the yreat fire of London. I should be much tary of State. The practice of using covers in epistolary obliged to any correspondent of “N. & Q.” who correspondence most probably originated with the French. would tell me if copies of the monuments as they in the Gil Blas of Le Sage (liv. iv. chap. v.), where he existed at the time of the fire are still extant, speaks of Aurora de Gusman, he says she took two and where. Some early ones are given by Stow, billets, "les cacheta tous deux, y mit une enveloppe et me but I have searched several MSS. at the British donnant le paquet,” &c. Our correspondent, Mr. EdMuseum for those of later date, without success.
WARD Foss, has in his possession a letter of the great
Frederick, King of Prussia, addressed to an English geneGEORGE W. MARSHALL.
ral in his service, dated July 28, 1766, at Potsdam, and SEA WATER. Sailors are instructed, when enclosed in an envelope just like those now in use, except obliged to take to the boats after the foundering that it opens on the side like the deeds used by lawyers. of a ship, not to drink sea water, but to immerse In the Egerton MS. 39, fol. 27 (Brit. Mus.) is also an their bodies in the sea, when the skin will absorb envelope made precisely like those now in use, with an the water, leaving the salt of the water on the ornamented border. It enclosed a letter dated 1760, from surface of the skin.
Madame de Pompadour to the Duchesse d’Aiguillon. That envelopes of some shape were in use during the early be a version of the Janua Lingurrun of J. A. part of the last century is evident from the fourth stanza
Comenius. It does not app-ar in Lowndes. of Dean Swift's Advice to Grub Street Verse Writers) 2. Who was the author, and what is the title, 1726 : –
of certain epistles – " Lend these to paper-sparing Pope,
“ De Russorum Religione, Ritibus Nuptiarum, FunoAnd when he sits to write,
rum, Victu. Vestitu, et aliis Moribus," and "De Religione No letter with an envelope
et Sacrificiis veterum Borussorum,” Could give him more delight.”
printed in 1582 ?
W. C. B. Again, Charles Lamb, writing to Bernard Barton on ['The latter work is entitled : “De Russorum MoscoviMarch 20, 1826, says: “When I write to a great man at tarum et Tartarorum Religione, Sacrificiis, Nuptiarum, the court end, he opens with surprise upon a naked note, Funerum Ritu. E diversis Scriptoribus, Quorum Nomina such as Whitechapel people interchange, with no sweet
versa pagina indicat. His in fine quædam sunt adjecta, degrees of envelope. I never enclosed one bit of paper in de Livonia pacisque conditionibus, et pace confecta hoc another, nor understood the rationale of it. Once only I anno inter Serenissimum Regem Poloniæ et Magnum sealed with borrowed wax, to set Walter Scott a wonder- Ducem Muscoviæ. Nunc primum in lucem edita, cum ing, signed with the imperial quartered arms of England, indice copiosissimo. Spiræ, libera civitate Veterum Newhich my friend Field bears in compliment to his descent, metum, excudebat Barnardus D'Albinus, anno 1582." in the female line, from Oliver Cromwell. It must have The editor is Joannes Lasitzki, or Lasicki.] set his antiquarian curiosity upon watering."
QUOTATIONS WANTED. — I have been asked “in Previous to the establishment of the penny postage what plays of Shakespeare the following lines are system on Jan. 10, 1840, it was customary to charge to be found ? " and as I have not myself the double postage on paper enclosed in another paper. The slightest recollection of them, I shall be much use of envelopes did not become general until May 6, obliged if you can inform me:1840, when stamped and adhesive envelopes were intro.
“ Honest water is too weak to be a sinner, it never left duced. Hill and De la Rue's ingenious machine for fold
man in the mire." ing envelopes was patented March 17, 1845.]
[Timon of Athens, Act I. Sc. 2.] THE PEOPLE CALLED QUAKERS. – I have a “ Here's a pot of good double beer; neighbours, curious, and I believe rare, pamphlet with the drink.” long title of
[King Henry VI. Part II., Act II. Sc. 3.] “ A Declaration of the present Sufferings of above I also wish to know where this line is to bo 140 Persons of the People of God (who are now in Prison) found ? called Quakers, with a briefe accompt of above 1900 more; being but a part of many more that have suffered
They also serve who only stand and wait.” within these six years last past, whose names and par
[Milton, Sonnets, son. xix.] ticular sufferings are not here set down. Together with
F. H. K. the number of 21 Persons who were imprisoned and per
Ivory, TIE MATHEMATICIAN.
Where can I secuted until Death. All which was delivered to Tho. Bampfield, then Speaker of the Parliament, on the sixth
find the best account of this scientific writer, and day of the second month, 1659. London: Printed for of the nature and importance of his investigations ? Tho. Simmons, at the Ball and Mouth, near Aldersgate,
J. M. 1659." 4to.
[James Ivory, LL.D., F.R.S., the celebrated mathemaTwo of the pieces are signed “E. B.,” pp. 34- tician, died at Hampstead on Sept. 21, 1842, aged seventy40. Is anything known of the author ? Query, seven. There is an excellent memoir of him, derived Was he Edward Burrough?
from the last Annual Address of the President of the [This work is in the British Museum, and is noticed Royal Society, printed in the Gentleman's Magazine for in Joseph Smith's Descriptive Catalogue of Friends' May, 1843, p. 537.] Books, 1867, ii. 653. “E. B.” is certainly Edward Bur- LEGGINGS. - Can any of your correspondents rough. The editor's name is unknown.]
inform me when this word came into use? It BIBLIOGRAPHICAL.
does not occur in the second edition of Todd's 1. “ The Gate of Languages unlocked : or, A Seed-Plot
Johnson (1827). I may add that the abore-menof all Arts and Tongues; containing a ready way to learn tioned authority states that gaiters, which is sythe Latin and English Tongue. Formerly translated by nonymous with leggings, is quite a modern term. Tho. Horn; afterwards much corrected and amended by
F. GLEDSTANES Waugh, Joh. Robotham; now carefully reviewed by W. D., to
Hutton Hall, York. which is premised a Portal. As also, there is now newly added, the Foundation to the Janua, containing all or the
[This word was in vogue in 1817, for Sir Walter Scott chief Primitives of the Latin Tongue, drawn into Sen- speaks of “strong clouted shoes studded with hobnails, tences, in an Alphabetical order, by G. P. London :
and gamaches, or leggins, made of thick black cloth, Printed by E. Cotes for the Company of Stationers, completing his equipment." (Tales of my Landlord, ii. 14.) 1664" 8vo.
We are under the impression that the word is also used The first part of the title, in Latin, shows it to by Southey.]
ROMAN INSCRIPTION AT CANNES. worship. The Augustales, instituted by Tiberius
and Livia, and mentioned by Tacitus and Sue
tonius as cited, worshipped the deified Augustus, On page 269 MR. TITE gives the following and are known as Sodales Augustales. Similarly copy of a Latin inscription that he noticed at we have Flaviales, Tra/anales, Hadrianales, &c., Cannes in France :
for the worship of other emperors after their
In M. DE COURCEL's communication in English,
“ Had I within my reach the Inscriptions of Orelli or
Gruter, I would have copied out the one concerning and asks, “Where shall I find the best and Letitia, which seems to contain the fullest, if not the only
account, of the Severi [Seviri] Augustales.” fullest account of the Sexviri or Seviri Augustales"
Who, or what, is the Letitia mentioned here ? On page 420, M. DE COURCEL discusses the sub
I must confess total ignorance on the point. Can ject in a communication addressed to the Editor it be that the reference is to the will found at letter reprinted from the Revue de Cannes. His and Spangenberg, p. 64, as noticed by hiin? of.“ N. & Q.," and in a courteous and interesting Petelia, or l'etilia, which is given by Orelli
n. 3678; and Gruter, ccxv. 17; Fabretti, p. 401; expansion and translation are * :
Are the words," the one concerning," a mis“ Diis Manibus. Venusiæ Anthimille, Caius Venusius translation of " celle de"? and is Letitia a typoAndronicus, sex virorum Augustalium corporis, filiæ dulcissimæ " i. e. " Aux dieux mânes. A Venusia An- graphical mistake for Petilia? This is the only thimilla, sa fille chérie, Caius Venusius Andronicus, du interpretation of the sentence that I can suggest. corps des sévirs augustales."
It seems to be justified by Clarac's words : In reply to Mr. TITE's query, he subjoins an
par celle de Petilia (Orelli, no 3678) qui contient un extract from
long testament en faveur du Corpus Augustalium et où
il n'est question que de ces sévirs, sans qu'on y trouve “ Musée de Sculpture ancienne et moderne (Musée du cependant rien de précis sur les fonctions de cette corLouvre) du comte de Clarac, Paris, 1841."
poration." As M. DE COURCEL's and Mr. Tire's copies of Full information on Augustales and Seviri Authe inscription almost exactly agree, I may, I gustales may be found in Egger's “ Examen think, assume that we have got the correct text critique des historiens anciens de la vie et du règne of the epitaph; except, indeed, as to the position d'Auguste,” Append. ii. Paris, 1844; also in bis of the points, which I venture to assert are not at Appendice, Nouvelles observat. sur les Augusthe foot but opposite the middle of the letters tales (Revue Archéologique, iii. 1846); Zumpt's preceding them, e. gr. AvG. CORP. not AvG. CORP. Commentatio epigraphica de Augustalibus et Seviris M. DE COURCEL's expansion is not correct. For | Augustalibus, Berlin, 1846; and in Marquardt's "sex virorum Augustalium corporis," we should and Henzen's dissertations in Zeitschrift für alread sexvir (sevir) Augustalis corporatus.” See terth. Wissensch., 1847, 1848. Numerous inscripOrelli's No. 3929, and Henzen's Nos. 6111, 7102, tions relating to them may be seen in Gruter's 7103. Nor am I satisfied with the name Andro- and Muratori's collections; and both Orelli and nicus. I prefer Andron, and regard this example Henzen have given excellent selections. There as confirming the reading Androni in Mommsen's is no satisfactory discussion of the subject in Inscrip. Reyni Neapol., N. 2923. The information English, so far as I am aware. It is briefly treated given in the extract
, although sufficient for ordi- by Dr. Smith, Dict. of Antiquities, p. 117; Wellnary purposes, is neither full nor satisfactory beloved, Eburacum, p. 103; and Horsley, Britanwhen regarded with reference to the present state nia Romana, p. 310. By the two latter it is of knowledge on the subject. And the statement incidentally noticed in their comments on an inin the note
scription found at York, in which the office of “ Les Viri Augustales n'ont pas été institués par Auguste,
sevir is mentioned. This is, I think, the only mais
par Tibère et Livie en l'honneur d'Auguste (Tac. example in Latin inscriptions found in Britain in Ann. i. 54, Hist, ii. 95 ; Suet. Claud, 6.)"
which this office is named. Nor is there any is erroneous. The Augustales, of whom “ C. Ve example in them of an Augustalis. * I shail nusius Andron" was one, were instituted by The term often occurs, but in a different sense, in Augustus. The Lares were the objects of their expansions of some of those inscriptions by Horsley, Dr.
Bruce, and Mr. Roach Smith. They take LEG. AUG. as * In M. DE COURCEL's copy, the letters “D.m.” with abbreviated forms of Legatus Augustalis, but Legatus which Latin epitaphs usually begin, are given ; MR. Augusti should have been adopted by them. Similarly Tite has inadvertently omitted them.
LEG. AVGG. stand for Legatus Augustorum.