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WILLIAM WESLEY & SON,
Just Published: Parts 1 & 2, 4to, 6 coloured plates, 5s. each part, post free. NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS, by H. Nehrling. To be completed in 12 parts, containing 36 coloured plates, after Water-colour Drawings by Robert Ridgway, A. Goering, and Gustav Muetzel. 1889.
"Your work is far more satisfactory than other works which have come before me professing more than they performed. Your pages bear evidence of careful and enthusiastic observation and study of our birds, and, while containing much having that value to science which always attaches to records of original observation, is, at the same time, by no means too technical for bird lovers who are not ornithologists. There is an out-of-doors' atmosphere to your pen-pictures, a flavour of the woods and fields, which cannot fail to be appreciated by all who appreciate Nature."-E. P. BICKNELL of the American Ornithologists' Union.
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THE HOUSE SPARROW, by J. H. Gurney, jun., Col. C. Russell, and Dr. Elliott Coues. 1885.
CONTENTS:-The House Sparrow, by an Ornithologist,-J. H. Gurney, jun. The House Sparrow, by a Friend of the Farmers,-Colonel C. Russell. The House Sparrow in Yarrell's British Birds. The Sparrow in our Bill of Fare. The English Sparrow in America, by Dr. Elliott Coues. A Ruffian in Feathers, by Olive Thorne Miller.
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MONOGRAPH OF THE BRITISH CICADE OR TETTIGIIDÆ.
(FROGHOPPERS AND GRASSFLIES.)
By GEORGE BOWDLER BUCKTON, F. R.S., Corr. Memb. Acad. Nat. Hist. of Philadelphia,
No coloured monograph of the British Cicada exists, and it is even believed that no adequately illustrated monograph exists of European species. Partly to meet this want, it is proposed to publish eight quarterly parts, each containing on an average ten litho-chromo plates and letterpress, illustrating the forms, metamorphoses, general anatomy, and the chief details connected with the life-history of this family of insects. The work will contain also short diagnoses of all the British species, about 230 in number, most of which have come under the author's notice, each species being illustrated by one or more coloured drawings. Some account will be given of the curious myths and tales told by ancient Greek and Latin poets, and descriptions will be appended relating to the curious sound-organs possessed by some species, and other subjects connected with the economy of this interesting but difficult group of Rhynchotous insects. Mr. Buckton's name is well known to entomologists, and this book represents the labour and observation of many years.
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An Artistic Periodical. Edited by P. G. HAMERTON. Published Monthly,
the year of its
Publishers have decided to take the beginning of the year 1890 as a convenient opportunity for the introduction of several important improvements.
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Containing a Complete List of the Clergy of England, Wales, Ireland, Scotland, and the Colonies.
Fully Corrected and Revised up to the time of going to press.
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The Selborne Society's Magazine.
NOVEMBER 15, 1890.
THE INFLUENCE OF THE ENVIRONMENT UPON PLANTS.
N the first number of the Selborne Magazine I very briefly sketched a theory of the Evolution of Plants, differing widely from that which is connected with the name of Mr. Darwin. Since that time I have published a volume in the International Scientific Series on the subject, and have secured the adhesion of a large number of naturalists in our own country and abroad. I now lay the following account of my views before the readers of NATURE NOTES with the hope that some of the many Selbornians who are in the habit of carefully studying nature, may be able to supply some facts which will confirm the hypothesis I have suggested. I shall be equally obliged to those who will give an account of observations which appear to contradict it; as my object is not to defend a theory at all hazards, but by continual investigation to ascertain the truth.
Let me first give in a sentence or two the main points on which all evolutionists are agreed; I shall refer only to the vegetable kingdom. Concerning it the evolutionary belief may be briefly summed up as follows: it was thought at one time that all species of plants were fixed entities, and admitted of no, or at least very little change; so that "varieties" were restricted and never transcended the limits of the characters by which the species was recognisable—that the latter were, in fact, specific creations. A more extended study of plant life has shown that these views are quite untenable, and that all plants have descended from pre-existing ones by "descent with modification," as it is called.
Now, if one has become satisfied that evolution is the only interpretation of existing life, the question arises: How have plants become changed? A very obvious phenomenon is that