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egifery

The mistress of a family.

HOUSSA, or Haoussa, an extensive central You will think it unfit for a good housewife to stir kingdom of Africa, on the shores of the Niger, in or to busy herself about her housewifery.

having a capital also of this name. It appears,

Spenser on Ireland. from the accounts of Park and others, to be I have room enough, but the kind and hearty house

the most civilised of any of the native states of wife is dead.

Africa; and the city is the great mart to the A female economist.

eastward of Tombuctvo, two days' journey to Fitting is a mantle for a bad man, and surely for a the north of the Niger. The African merchants bad housewife it is no less convenient; for some of speak of it as larger and more populous than them, that he wandering women, it is half a wardrobe. Tombuctoo.

Spenser on Ireland. The country is said to be an extensive region, Let us sit and mock the good housewife, Fortune, comprehending various inferior states; particufrom ber wheel, that her gifts may henceforth be dis- larly Cano, Guber, Daura, Cabi, Nyffe, and Noro. Dosed equally.

Shakspeare. The inhabitants are negroes, but not quite black, Farmers in degree,

and the most intelligent people in the interior of He a good hasband, a good housewife she.

Africa. They have an extraordinary delight in Dryden.

dancing and singing. Their agricultural system Early housewives leave the bed, When living embers on the hearth are spread. Id.

is remarkably perfect. They manufacture also The fairest among the daughters of Britain shew a great quantity of cotton cloths, with which themselves good states women as well as good house they supply Fezzan; and can dye all colors exwices.

Addison. cept scarlet. According to Mr. Bowdich, Houssa One skilled in female business.

is situated some days journey to the north of the He was bred up under the tuition of a tender mo- branch or tributary of the Niger called the Gamther, till she made him as good an housewife as herself: baroo. he could preserve apricocks, and make jellies.

HOU-TCHEOU, a city of China, in the pro

Addison. vince of Tche-kiang. It is a city of the first HOUSEʻWIFELY, adv. From housewife. class, and is situated on a lake, from which it With the economy of a careful woman.

takes its name. The quantity of silk manufacHOUSEWIFERY, n. s. From housewife. tured here is almost incredible. To give some Skill in the arts becoming a housewife; domestic idea of it, we shall only say, that the tribute or female business; management becoming the paid by a city under its jurisdiction, named Temistress of a family.

tsin-hiem, amounts to more than 500,000 ounces You will think it unfit for a yood housewife to stir of silver. Its district contains seven cities, one in or to busy herself about her houscwifery.

of which is of the second, and six of the third

Spenser on Ireland. class.
He ordained a lady for his praise,

HOUTEVILLE (Claud Francis), a French Generally praiseful : fair and young, and skilled in author, born in 1689. He was secretary to the housewiferies.

Chapman's Iliad. French Academy, and wrote a work entitled La Little butter was exported abroad, and that discre

Verité de la Religion Chretienne prouvée par dited by the housewifery of the Irish in making it up.

les Faits. He died in 1743, aged fifty-four. Temple.

HOUTHOVE, a town of France, in the deFemale economy.

partment of Lys, and late province of Austrian Learn good works for necessary uses; for St. Paul Flanders ; six miles north-west of Bruges. expresses the obligation of Christian women to good H OW, ado.

Sax. hu; Belgic and housewifery, and charitable provisions for their family

Howbe'it, adv. Teut. wie, hoe. These and neighbourhood.

Taylor. How'be, adv. several words are adverHOUS'EL, n. s. & v. a. Sax. þurl, from Goth. Howev'ER, adv. sative conjunctions: they hunsel, a sacrifice; or Lat. hostia, dimin. hostiola. Howsoev'er, adv. ) join sentences together The holy eucharist : to give or receive the eu-: that stand more or less in opposition to each charist. Both the noun and verb are obsolete. other.' _Crabb. How, to what degree ; in wha But for as moche as man and wife

manner; for what reason ; by what means; in Shuld shew hir parish priest hir life,

what state. It is used in a sense marking proOnce a yere, as saith the boke

portion; it is used also in exclamation and aftirEr any wight his housel toke

mation. Howbeit and howbe, nevertheless; notThan have I privileges large

withstanding: they are nearly obsolete. HowThat maie of mochel thing discharge.

ever, whatsoever manner or degree; at all events; Chaucer. Romaunt of the Rose.

nevertheless. Howsoever, relates entirely to And, certes, once a yere at the lest way it is lawful to be houseled, for sothely ones a yere all thinges in

manner. tbe erthe renoveten. Id. The Persones Tale. How is it thou hast found it so quickly? Housing, or House-Line, in the sea-language,

Gen. xxvii,

How long wilt thou refuse to humble thyself before a small line, formed of three fine strands or

ine?

Erodus. twists of hemp, smaller than rope yarn. It is

How are the mighty fallen! chiefly used to seize blocks into their strops, to

How doth the city sit solitary as a widow ! bind the corners of the sails, or to fasten the

1 Lam. bottom of a sail to its bolt-rope, &c. See Bolt How oft is the candle of the wicked put out! And Rore.

how oft cometh their destruction upon them! Job. Housing, among bricklayers, a brick which O how I love thy law! it is my meditation. is warped, or cast crooked or hollow in burning.

Psalms.

Sam.

Beattie,

hiin.

How much better is it to get wisdom than goid! By how much they would diminish the present exand to get understanding, rather to be chosen than tent of the sea, so much they would impair the ferti. silver!

Proverbs. lity, and fountains and rivers of the earth. Bentley. Howe false was, eke, duke Theseus,

Few turn their thoughts to examine how those dis. That as the storie telleth us,

eases in a state are bred, that hasten its end ; which How he betrayed Adriane.

would, however, be a very useful coquiry. Swift. Chaucer. The House of Fame.

Fain would I sing what transport stormed his soul Siker thou speakest like a lewd lorrel,

How the red current throbb’d his veins along,
Of heaven to deemon so,

When, like Pelides, bold beyond controul,
Hoube I ain but rude and borrel,

Without art graceful, without efliyrt strong,
Yet nearer ways I know.

Son

Sponser. Homer raised high to heaven the loud, the impetuous There is a knowledge which God hath always re

Song. vealed unto thein in the works of nature : this they

Loud complaint, however angrily honour and esteem highly as profound wisdom, low

It shakes its phrase, is little to be fcared, beit this wisdom saveth them not.

Hooker.
And less distrusted.

Byron. Things so ordained are to be kept, kouluit not ne

JIOWAKIL, a bay on the coast of Abyssinia, cessarily, any longer than till there grow some urgent cause to ordain the contrary.

id containing several islands, the principal of which, Marked you not,

also called Slowakil, has its eastern point in lat. Tow that the guilty kindred of the queen

15° 1'. Mr. Salt here found numerous portions Looked pale when they did hcar of Clarence's death? of the opsian, or obsidian stone of the ancients,

Shakspeure. which he wis told were more abundant up the This ring he holds

country. The thinks it the bay which is noted In most rich choice; yce in his idle tire,

for this mineral in the Periplus of the Erythrean To buy his will, it would not scein too dear,

Seit. Howe'er repented of.

N. HOWARD (Charles), an able statesman and The man doth fear God, howsoever, it seems not in

experienced seaman, was the son of lord William Id.

Howard, baron of Ethingham, and bom in 1536. How now, my love? Why is your cheek so pale ? How chance the roses there to fade so fast ? I.

i le served under his father, who was lord high Berosus, who, after Moses, was one of the most admi

admiral of England, till the accession of queen ancient, howsoever he hath been since corrupted, doth Elizabeth. In January, 1573, he succeeded his in the substance of all agree Raleigh's History. father in title and estate: after which he became

Thick clouds put us in some hope of land, knowing chamberlain of the household; and in 1585 was how that part of the South Sea was utterly unknown, made lord high admiral, when the Spaniards and might have islands or continents. Bacon. were sending their armada to conquer Eugland.

There was no arm, transmitted out of England, When he received intelligence of the approach howlit the English colonies in Ireland did win of the Spanish fleet, be the first night left the ground upon the Irish.

Duvies. port with six ships. The next morning, though A great division fell among the nobility, so much he had only thirty sail, and those the smallest of the more dangerous by how much the spirits were the fleet, he attacked the Spanish navy; but first more active and high.

Havuard.

despatched his brother-in-law, Sir Edward Hobby, How many children's plaints and inothers' cries!

to the queen, to desire her to make the proper How many woeful widows left to bow To sad disgrace!

Durici's Civil War.

disposition of her land forces for the security of Prosecute the means of thy deliverance

the coast, and to baston as many ships as posBy ransom, or how else. Milton's agonistes.

sible to his assistance. His valor was conspicuTo tract the ways

ously displayed in his repeated attacks of a suOf highest agents, deemned however, wise.

perior enemy. The queen expressed her high

Milton. sense of his merit, and granted him a pension How could the Dutch but be converted when for lite. In 1596 he commanded the naval The posues were so many tishermen. Jurvell. forces sent against Spain; and upon his return,

Consider into how many differing substances it may in 1597, he was created earl of Nottingham. The be analysed by the fire.

Boyle.

le. next eminent service in which he was engaged Our chief end is to be freed from all, if it may be, was in 1599. when the Spaniards seemed to me. houerer, from the greatest evils ; and to enjoy, if it

Tillotson.

ditate a new invasion. way be, all good, however the chiefest.

The queen, however, In your excuse your love does little say;

drew together, in a fortnight's time, such a tect, You might howe'er have took a fairer way.

and army, as took away all appearance of suc

Dryden. cess from her foreign and domestic foes; and Whence am I forced, and whither am I borne? she gave the earl the sole and supreme comHuw, and with what reproach shall I return? Id. mand of both the fleet and army, with the title We examine the why and the how of things. of lord lieutenant general of all England, an

L'Estrange. Office unknown in succeeding times. When age "Tis much in our power how to live, but not at all and infirmity had untitted him for action he how or when to die.

1. resined his office, and spent the remainder of Its views are bounded on all sides by several his life in retirement, till bis decease; which ranges of mountains, which are houerer at so great a jane distance, that they leave a wonderful variety of beau

happened in 1624, in the eighty-seventh year of tiful prospects.

Addison on Italy.

his are. It is pleasant to see iwe che small territories of this TOWARD) (Henry), earl of Surry, a soldier and little republick are cultivated to the best advantage. 2 poct, the son and standson of two lords trea

old. surers, dukes of Lorfolki, was born about 1520, I do not build my reasoning wholly on the case of and educated in Windsor Castle, with young persecutiou; however I do noi exclude it. Atterbury. Fitzroy, earl of Richmond, natural son to king

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llenry VIII. Wood says, that he was for some in a Lisbon packet, to make the tour of Portutime a student at Cardinal College, Oxford. In gal, when the vessel was taken by a French pri his youth he became enamoured of the fair Ger- vateer. Before we reached Brest,' says he in aldine, whom his sonnets have immortalised; his Treatise on Prisons, p. 11, ' I suffered the and whose superlative beauty he maintained, in extremity of thirst, not having for above forty the romantic spirit of the times, in various tour- hours one drop of water, nor hardly a morsel of naments in the principal cities of Italy, against food. In the castle at Brest I lay six nights all comers, whether Christians, Jews, Saracens, upon straw; and observing how cruelly my counTurks, or cannibals,' and was victorious in them trymen were used there and at Morlaix, whither ail; as well as in one fought in 1540 at West- I was carried next, during the two months I was minster, against Sir John Dudley, Sir Thomas at Carhaix upon parole, I corresponded with the Seymour, and others. In 1542 he marched, English prisoners at Brest, Morlaix, and Dinan; under his father, against the Scots; but was, on at the last of those towns were several of our his retum, confined in Windsor Castle for eating ship's crew, and my servant. I had sufficient flesh in Lent, contrary to the king's proclama- evidence of their being treated with such barbation. In 1544, on the expedition to Boulogne, rity, that many hundreds had perished, and that he was appointed field-inarshal of the English thirty-six were buried in a hole at Dinan in one army; and after taking that town, in 1546, made day. When I came to England, still on parole, captain-general of the king's forces in France; I made known to the commissioners of sick and but, attempting to intercept a convoy, he was wounded seamen the sundry particulars, which defeated by the French, and soon after super- gained their attention and thanks. Remonseded in his command by the earl of Hertford. strance was made to the French court; our He married Frances, daughter of John, earl of sailors had redress; and those that were in the Oxford ; and, after her death, had the boldness three prisons mentioned above were brought to propose himself to the princess Mary. For home in the first cartel ships. Perhaps,' adds this the Seyinours, rivals of the Norfolk family, Mr. Howard,' what I suffered on this occasion and now in favor with the king, accused him of increased my sympathy with the unhappy aspiring to the crown. Accordingly Surry and people whose case is the subject of this book.' his father, the duke, were committed to the tower He afterwards made the tour of Italy; and at in December, 1546 ; and, on the 13th of January his return settled at Brokenhurst, a pleasant villa following, Surry was tried at Guildhall, and be- in the New Forest, near Lymington, in Hampheaded on Tower Hill on the 19th, nine days shire, having in 1758 married a daughter of before the death of the king. The accusations Edward Leeds, esq., of Croxton, Cambridgeshire, brought against this amiable and innocent young king's serjeant. This lady died in 1765 in childnobleman on his trial, were so extremely ridicu- bed, and after her death Mr. Howard left Lylous, that one is astonished how it was possible, mington, and purchased an estate at Cardington, even in the most despotic reign, to find a judge near Bedford." Being appointed, in 1773, sheriff and jury so pusillanimously villanous as to carry of Bedfordshire, this office brought the distress on the farce of justice on the occasion. Walpole of prisoners more immediately under his notice. speaks of him as an almost classic author, the He personally visited the county jail, where he ornament of a boisterous, yet not unpolished observed such scenes of calamity as he had court; a man, as Sir Walter Raleigh says, no before no conception of. He inspected the less valiant than learned, and of excellent hopes. prisons in some neighbouring counties, and, His poems were published in 1557, 12mo.; and finding in them equal room for complaint, he in 1565, 1574, 1585, and 1587, 8vo.

determined to visit the principal prisons in EngHOWARD (John), esq., commonly characterised land. The farther he proceeded the more by the epithet of the philanthropist, was the son shocking were the scenes he discovered, which of an upholsterer in St. Paul's Church Yard. induced him to exert himself to the utmost for He was born at Hackney in 1726; and was put a general reform in those places of confinement; apprentice to a grocer in Watling Street. His considering it as of the highest importance, not father died in 1742, leaving only this son and a only to the wretched objects themselves, but to daughter, to both of whom he bequeathed hand- the community at large. Upon this subject he some fortunes. His constitution being very was examined in the house of commons in weak, the remaining time of his apprenticeship March 1774, when he had the honor publicly was hought up, and he applied himself to the to receive their thanks. This encouraged him to study of medicine and natural philosophy, proceed. He revisited all the prisons in the Falling into a nervous fever, while he lodged kingdom, together with the principal bouses of with a widow lady, Mrs. Sarah Lardeau, he was correction. In 1775 he enlarged his circuit by nursed with so much care and attention, that he going into Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, where resolved to marry her out of gratitude. In he found the same need of reformation. One of vain did his friends expostulate with him upon his principal objects was, to put a stop to the the extravagance of such a proceeding, he being jail fever; which raged so dreadfully in many of about twenty-eight and she about fifty-one years the prisons as to render them to the last degree of age; nothing could alter his resolution, and dangerous : a distemper by which more had they were privately married about 1752. She been taken off than by the hands of the execuwas possessed of a small fortune which he pre- tioner; and which, in several instances, had been sented to her sister. His wife died November communicated from the prisoners into the courts 10th, 1755, aged fifty-four, and about this time of justice, and had proved fatal to the magishe was elected F.R.S. In 1756 he embarked trates and judges, and to multitudes of persons

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who attended the trials, as well as to the families concerning the best methods to prevent the of discharged felons and debtors. Another end spreading of the plague. He then proceeded to he proposed was, to procure the immediate Smyrna and Constantinople, where that most release of prisoners, who upon trial were ac dreadful of human distempers prevailed, and, quitted, but who often continued long to be though he actually caught the plague, 'that merunjustly detained for not being able to pay the ciful Providence,' as he remarks, which had accustomed fees. But the greatest object was, hitherto preserved him, was pleased to exteud his to introduce a thorough reform of morals into protection to him in this journey also, and to our prisons; where he had found the most bring him home once more in safety.' In his flagrant vices to prevail in such a degree, that return he revisited the chief prisons and hospitals they were become seminaries of wickedness and in the countries through which he passed, and villany, and the most formidable nuisances to afterwards went again to Scotland ; and thence the community, in consequence of the promis- to Ireland, where he inspected the Protestant cuous intercourse of prisoners of both sexes, Charter Schools, in some of which he had oband of all ages and descriptions; whereby the served shameful abuses, which he had reported young and less experienced were initiated, by to a committee of the Irish house of commons. old and hardened sinners, into all the arts of At Dublin he was created LL.D. by the univillany and the mysteries of iniquity, For the versity. At Glasgow and Liverpool he was enattainment of these great objects, Mr. Howard rolled among their honorary members. Upon spared neither pains nor expense, and cheerfully his return, having again inspected the prisons in exposed himself to much inconvenience and England, and the hulks on the Thames, to see hazard; particularly from that malignant dis- what alterations had been made, he published temper, of which he saw many dying in the most the result of his last laborious investigations, in loathsome dungeons, into which none who were An Account of the principal Lazarettos in Europe not obliged, besides himself, would venture. I with various Papers relative to the Plague, tohave been frequently,' says Mr. Howard, “asked gether with further Observations on some foreign what precautions I use to preserve myself from Prisons and Hospitals, and additional remarks infection in the prisons and hospitals which I on the present State of those in Great Britain visit. I here answer, next to the free goodness and Ireland, with a great number of plates. He and mercy of the Author of my being, temper- also published the Grand Duke of Tuscany's ance and cleanliness are my preservatives. New Code of Criminal Law, with an English Trusting in Divine Providence, and believing Translation. He concluded his Account of Lamyself in the way of my duty, I visit the most zarettos with announcing his 'intention again to noxious cells; and, while thus employed, I fear quit his country, revisit Russia, Turkey &c., and no evil. I never enter an hospital or prison extend his tour to the East.' Accordingly, he before breakfast; and, in an offensive room, I set out in summer 1789 on this hazardous enterseldom draw my breath deeply. His laudable prise; the principal object of which was to adendeavours he had the pleasure to see, in some minister James's Powder, a medicine in high instances, crowned with success; particularly repute in malignant fevers, under a strong perin regard to the healthiness of prisons, some of suasion that it would be equally efficacious in the which were rebuilt under his inspection. With plague. In this second tour in the East, a view to a more general and happy regulation, having spent some time at Cherson, a Russian and the reformation of criminals, Mr. Howard settlement on the Dnieper, he caught a maligresolved to visit other countries, in hopes of nant fever, in visiting the Russian hospital, collecting some information which might be which carried him off on the 20th of January

, useful in his own. For this purpose he after an illness of about twelve days. He was travelled into France, Flanders, Holland, Ger- buried, as he desired, in the garden of a villa, many, Switzerland, Prussia, and Austria, and belonging to a French gentleman from whom he visited Copenhagen, Stockholm, Petersburg, had received much kindness, by his faithful serWarsaw, and some cities in Portugal and Spain. vant who had attended him in his former jourOn his return, he published in 1717 The State neyings. While absent on his first tour to of the Prisons in England and Wales, with Pre- Turkey, &c., his character for active benevolence liminary Observations, and an Account of some had so much attracted the public attention, that foreign Prisons, 4to. And in 1778 he took a a subscription was set on foot to erect a statue to third journey through the Prussian and Austrian his honor, and in no long space above £1500 dominions, and the free cities of Germany and were subscribed for that purpose. But in conser Italy. The observations made in this tour were quence of two letters from Mr. Howard himself published in 1780 with remarks respecting the to the subscribers (inserted in the Gentleman's management of prisoners of war, and the hulks Magazine) the design was laid aside. The teson the Thames. In 1781 he again revisited timony of public respect, which he refused when Holland, some cities in Germany, and the capi- living, has however been conferred on his metals of Denmark, Sweden, Russia, and Poland; mory, and his monumental statue was one of the and in 1783 some cities in Portugal and Spain, first placed in the cathedral of St. Paul's. And and returned through France, Flanders, and surely if the devotion of time, strength, fortune, Holland. The substance of all these travels was and finally life, to the sole service of his fellow afterwards thrown into one narrative, published creatures merits a token of public esteem, it was in 1784. He also published a curious account deserved by one who (to adopt the expressive of the Bastile, in 8vo. He next visited the laza- words of Burke) visited all Europe and the East, rettos in France and Italy, to obtain information

* 1101 10 survey the sumptuousness of palaces, ('?

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the stateliness of temples; not to make accurate Howe, and born in Nottinghamshire. He was measurements of the remains of ancient grandeur, M. P. for Cirencester in the convention parlianor to form a scale of the curiosity of modern ment 1688-9, and was re-elected for that town art; not to collect medals, or to collate MSS.; or for Gloucestershire in the three last parliabut to dive into the depth of dungeons; to ments of king William III., and the three first plunge into the infection of hospitals; to survey of queen Anne. He was a zealous friend of the the mansions of sorrow and of pain; to take the Revolution, and wrote a panegyric on king Wilgauge and dimensions of misery, depression, and liam, but afterwards opposed his measures, and contempt; to remember the forgotten; to attend it was chiefly owing to Mr. Howe, that, in 1699, to the neglected ; to visit the forsaken ; and to the house agreed to allow half-pay to the dishandcompare and collate the distresses of all men in ed officers. In 1702 he was made a member of all countries. His plan is original; and it is as the privy-council, vice-admiral of Gloucester, full of genius as it is of humanity. It is a voy- and paymaster-general of the guards; in which age of discovery, a circumnavigation of charity; last he was succeeded by Mr Walpole in 1714. and already the benefit of his labor is felt more He died at his seat of Stowell in 1721. He was or less in every country.'

author of several poems. His son was created Howard (Sir Robert), an English historian lord Chidworth. and poet of the seventeenth century. He was a Howe (Richard), earl Howe, a late brave younger son of Thomas earl of Berkshire, and English admiral, born in 1725. He entered the educated at Magdalen College, Oxford. He naval service very young, and when only twenty suffered much during the civil war, but on the was appointed captain of the Baltimore sloop of Restoration was knighted, and elected M.P. for war, in which he attacked and beat off two Stockbridge, in Hants, in 1661. He was after- French frigates of thirty guns each. In this acwards appointed auditor of the Exchequer; but, tion he was dangerously wounded in the head; upon James II.'s accession, became a zealous but recovering was made a post-captain in the friend to the Revolution. He wrote, 1. The His- Triton frigate. After this he obtained the comtory of the reigns of Edward II. and Richard II. mand of the Dunkirk of sixty guns, when he in 8vo. 1690. 2. The History of Religion ; 8vo. took a French sixty-four gun ship, off the coast 1694: and some Poems and Plays. He also of Newfoundland. In 1757 he served under translated Statius's Achilles, and the fourth admiral Hawke on the French coast, and in 1758 book of Virgil's Æneid, 8vo. 1660. He died was appointed commodore of a squadron with about 1699.

which he destroyed a great number of ships and HOWDEN, a town in the East Riding of magazines at St. Malo. In August 6th 1759 he Yorkshire, 180 miles from London, on the north took Cherbourg, and destroyed the basin. At side of the (use. It has a market on Saturday, the unfortunate affair of St. Cas, he displayed and four fairs. Here was formerly a collegiate equal courage and humanity, by saving the rechurch of five prebendaries, erected in the six- treating soldiers at the risk of his life. By the teenth century; adjacent to which the bishops death of his brother, in 1758, he became lord of Durham have a palace. One of them built a Howe, and soon after had a share in the glorious very tall steeple to the church, whither the inha- victory over Conflans; for which he received bitants might retire in case of inundations ; to the thanks of king George II. In 1763 he was which it is very liable from the great freshes that appointed first lord of the admiralty, and in 1765 come down the Ouse sometimes at ebb. It is treasurer of the navy. In 1770 he was made sixteen miles south-east of York, and twenty-three rear-admiral of the blue, and commander-in-chief west of Hull.

of the Mediterranean. During the American war HOW'DYE. Contracted from how do ye. he commanded the feet on that coast. In 1782 In what state is your health? A message of ci- he was sent to the relief of Gibraltar, which he vility.

accomplished in sight of the enemy's fleet, which I now write no letters but of plain business, or he in vain challenged to combat. In 1783 he plain howd'ye's, to those few I am forced to corres was made first lord of the admiralty, and contipond with,

Pope. nued in that high station till 1788, when he was HOWE (John), a learned English nonconfor- created an earl. In 1793 he commanded the mist divine, born in 1630. He became minister channel fleet, and on June 1st, 1794, obtained a of Great Torrington in Devonshire, and was ap- decisive victory over the most powerful feet ever pointed household chaplain to Cromwell; but equipped by the French republic; for which he finally offended him by preaching against the received the thanks of their majesties, who visitdoctrine of particular faith. When Oliver died ed him on board of his ship at Spithead, when he continued chaplain to Richard ; and, when the king presented him with a magnificent sword, Richard was deposed, he returned to Torrington, a gold chain and medal. He also received the where he continued till the act of uniformity set thanks of both houses, and the freedom of the him aside. He afterwards settled at Utrecht, city of London. In 1795 he succeeded admiral until the declaration for liberty of conscience was Forbes as general of the marines, and in 1797 priblished by king James II., under shelter of was made knight of the garter. He died in which he returned to London, where he died in August 1799, aged seventy-four. 1705. He published a great number of sermons Howe's ISLAND, or LORD Howe's ISLAND, and religious works, which have been reprinted a small island in the neighbourhood of New in 2 vols. folio.

South Wales, discovered February 17th, 1788. Howe (John), esq. an eminent English states- South lat. 31° 36' E., long. 159° 4'. It is of an man and writer, was the brother of Sir Scroop arched figure, lying from north-west to south

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