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question, and attempts not to impose either by Odours do in a small degree nourish, and we see words or artifice. You perceive by bis embar- men an hung red love to smell hot brcad. Bacm. rassment that he is unaccustomed to low arts, his The more fat water will bear soap best ; for the good temper evidently counteracts the feeling of hungry water doth kill its unctuous nature. Id. poverty, which is therefore borne with case and Widely they gape, and to the eye they roar, content. Shirt and skin, and little else, are to
As if they hungered for the food they borc. be scen, except his long hair, which hangs loosely over bis shoulders; and all these are scarcely to
Yea, povertic and liunyet dild produce,
The best inventions, and, of chiefest use. be distinguished from each other, so disguised
G. Withers. are they by filth and negligence. The appearance
I content me, in drizzling weather of the honiys-strass, which And from the sting of famine fear no harm, is the district of the Jews, is little more attractive Nor mind it, fed with better thouzlits that feed tlian the quarter frequented by the peasants. Me hung'ring more to do my Father's will. Whoever feels inclined to study the character of this people will now find an ample opportunity.
Thyself Here they swarm together like bees, fix them Bred up in poverty and straits at home; selves on the passenger who appears likely to
Lost in a desert here, and hungerbit.
14. trade with them, or traffic amongst themselves
And when your loose desires once get dominion, with affected grimaces and assumed appearance
No hungry cburl feeds coarser at a feast:
m of activity; while they look with their eyes
or "very rauk fool goes down. Otway's Orphan,
Thus much to the kind rural gods we owe, turned both towards the right and towards the
Who pitied suttering mortals long ago; lett, on a bundred objects at a time.'
When on harsh acorns hungrily they fed, HUNGER, n. s. & 2.1.) Sax, þungen; And gave e'm nicer palates, better bread. JIUNGERBIT, adj. 1 Swed. hunger;
Drydin. IUNGERBITTEN, culi. | Belg. hunger. De
For hunger of my gold I dir.
Id. HUAGERLY, adj. dude. ( sire of food; the
As to some holy house the afllicted camc, HIUNGERSTANVET), aud. 1 pain felt from fast
The hungersturred, the naked, aad the lame,
Want and diseases, fied before her name. HONGRE), udi.
The subacid part of the animal spirits, being cast HUNGRILY, adu. any violent desire: off by the lower nerves upon the coats of the stoinach, lunur, adi.
hunverbitten, pain- vellicates the fibres, and thereby produces the sense erl, or weakened by hunger: hungerly, with keen we call hunger.
Grew. appetite : hungry, in a figurative sense', is, not But when the sun displays his glorious beams, fat ; not prolitic; fruitful, or inore disposed to And shallow rivers How with silver streams, draw from utlier substances than to impart to Then the deceit the scaly breed survey, them.
Bask in the sun, and look into the day ;
You now a more delusive art inust try Thou shalt serve thine enemies in hunger and in
And tempt their hunyer with a curious fiy thirst. Deut. xxviii. 48.
Gay's Rurul Sporls. His strength shall be hungerbitten. Job xviii. 12. Something viscous, fat, and oily, remaining in the Aud in his herte anon, ther full a thought,
stomach, destroys the sensation of hunger.
Arbuthnot on Aliments. That they for hunger wolden do him dien; Alas! quod he, alas that I was wrought.
She knew that the best feelings must have victual, Chaucer. The Monkes Tale.
And that a shipwrecked youth would hungry be;
Besides being less in love she yawned a little, Then came the autunne, all in yellow clad,
And felt her veins chilled by the neighbouring As though he ioyd in his plentious store,
sea ; Laden with fruits that made him laugh, full glad
And so she cooked their breakfast to a tittle. That he had banisht hunger, which tofore
Byron. Don Juan. Had by the belly oft him pinched sore. Spenser. Fuerie Queene.
Hunger is occasioned by long abstinence from Dirst thou so hunger for my empty chair
food when the body is in health. See ABSIIThat they will necus invest ihre with my honours, VINCE. In funine life may be protracted, with Ljetoro lliy hour be ripe? O, foolish vouth, less misery, by a moderate allowance of water. Thou srik'st the greatuess that will overwhelm for the acrimony and putrefaction of the humors thee,
are obviated by such dilution, the small vessels Stay but a little.
Shakspeare. Honry TV. are kept permeable, and the lungs are furnished That face of his the hungry cannials with that moisture which is essential to the perWould not have touched, would not have stained formance of their functions. Redi, who made with blood.
many experiments to ascertain the effects of My more having, would be as a sauce
fasting on fowls, observed that noue were able to To make me hunger more. Shukspeure. Macbeth. support life beyond the ninth day to whom drink All my followers to the cager foe
was denied; whereas one indulged with water Turn back, and fy like ships before the wind,
lived more than twenty days. Thippocrates has Or lambs pursued by hungersturred wolves.
observed, that children are more atlected by abShakspeare.
stinence than young persons; these more than the his beard
middle-aged ; and the middle-aged more than Grew thin and hungerly, and seemed to ask His sops as he was drinking.
old men. The power to endure famine, however, They are all but stomachs, and we all but food;
must depend no less upon the state of health and They eat as hungerly, and, when they're full,
strength than on the age of the suflerer. They belch us.
Id. To those who by their occupations are expos: You have saved my longing, and I feed
ed to such dreadful calamities, it is of sinous Most hungerly on your sight.
Id. importance to be instructed in the means of al.
leviating them. The American Indians are said In attempting to recover those who have suf-
, seems welı adapted to counter- scanty current of blood. Under such circum-
ally, is lord of the manor, which he holds imme-
HUNINGUE,or HUNINGUEN, a small, and not
long since a very strong, town of the department
well proves the truth of this assertion ously situated on the left bank of the Rhine, near
. The houses, which were
struction of Huninguen were marked by one of
the most astonishing deeds of arms (say the in Thrace. The Ilunns thus became masters of French) that has been witnessed in our aye, so all the country between the Tanais and Danube fertile in transactions of this kind. • Blockaded in 376, where they continued quietly uill 388, by 25,000 Austrians, its feeble garrison consist- when great numbers of them were taken into the ing of 140 men, united with a few of the inha- pay of Theodosius I. They frequently passed bitants, defended the place with the greatest the Danube, committing the greatest ravages in courage. It was not until twelve days siege, and the western empire : sometimes they fell upon the after having lost half of its defenders, that it eastern provinces, where they put all to fire and made an honorable capitulation, by which the sword. They were often defeated aod repulsed garrison was allowed to retire to the army of the by the Romans, but the empire was now too Loire. The next day a platoon of infantry, two weak to subdue or prevent them from making platoons of artillery, and tive gendarmes, headed incursions; so that they continued to make daily by general Barbarègre, with the officers of his encroachments, and became every day more forstaff, and followed by the wounded, came out of midable than before. In 441 the lungs, under the place, with drums beating, in the presence of Atila, threatened the westerr empire with total the enemy's army and an immense crowd of spec- destruction. This monarch, having made himself tators, astonished that so feeble a company, which master of all the northern countries, from the did not comprise more than fifty effective men, confines of Persia to the banks of the Rhine, incould have made so extraordinary a defence, and vaded Mesia, Thrace, and lyricum; and the treated on equal terms with an army of 25,000.' emperor, not thinking bimself sale in Constantin Iluninguen is twenty-one miles east of Altkirch, nople, withdrew into Asia. Attila then attacked and twenty-seven south-east of Mulhausen. Gaul, where he destroyed several cities, massa
HUNKS, n. s. Isl. hunsker, sordid. A covet- cring the inhabitants. At lase be was driven out ous sordid wretch; a misér; a curmudgeon. by Aetius the Roman general and Theodoric She has a husbanú, a jealous, covetous, old hunks. king of the Goths, and could never afterwards
Dryden, make any progress. About A. D. 452, or 453, The old hunks was well served, to br tricked out of Attila died, and his kingdom was split into a a whole hou for the securing of his puddings.
number of small states by his numerous children,
L'Estrange, who wased perpetual war with each other. The Irus has given all the intimations of being a close Tunus then ceased to be forinidable, and became hunks, worth money.
Addison. daily less able to cope with the other barbarous HUNNIADES (John Corvinus), waywode of nations whom Auila had kept in subjection. Still, Transylvania, a general of the Hungarian armies, however, their dominion was considerable; and who was the terror of the Turks, and repeatedly in the time of Charles the Great they were masdefeated them under Amurath II. and Mahometters of Transylvania, Walachia, Servia, ('arniola, II. He forced both these bloody conquerors to Carinthia, and the greater part of Austria, togeiher raise the siege of Belgrade; but died, to the with Bosnia, Sclavonia, and that part of llungary great grief of all Christendom, in 1456. See Con- which lies beyond the Danube. In 776, while STANTINOPLE,
Charles was in Saxony, two princes of the HUNNS, or lluns, an ancient race, who for- Hunns, Caganus and Juganus, sent ambassadors merly inhabited that part of Sarmatia bordering to him, requesting an alliance with him. Charles on the Palus M otis and the Tanais, the ancient received them with extraordinary marks of boundary between Europe and Asia. Their friendship, and readily complied with their recountry, as described by Procopius, lay north of quest. However, they entered, not long after, into Mount Caucasus, which, extending from the an alliance with Taffila of Bavaria, who had reEuxine to the Caspian Seas, parts Asiatic Sar- volted from Charles. Accordingly Charles, having matia from Colchis, Iberia, and Albania; lying assembled a very numerous army, divided it into on the isthmus between the two seas. Here they two bodies, one of which he commanded himself, resided unknown to other nations, and themselves and the other he committed to the care of his ignorant of other countries, till the year 376. At generals. The two armies entered the country this time a hind pursued by the hunters, or, ac- of the Hunns at different places, ravaged their cording to some authors, an ox stung by a gad- country far and near, burnt their villages, and fly, having passed the marsh, was followed by took all their strong holds. This he continued some Hunns to the other side, where they discófor eight years, till the people were almost totally vered a country inuch more agreeable than their extirpated; nor did the Ilunns ever afterwards own. On their return, having acquainted their recover themselves, or appear as a distinct nacountrymen with what they had seen, the whole tion. nation passed the marsh, and falling upon the The llunns according to Marcellinus were a Alans, who dwelt on the banks of the Tanais, very savage and barbarous nation. They begin almost exterminated them. They next fell upon to practise their cruelty, says Jornandes, upon the Ostrogoths, whom they drove out of their their own children, the very first day they come country, and forced to retire to the plains between into the world, cutting and mangling the cheeks the Borysthenes and the Tanais, now known by of their males, to prevent the growth of hair, the name of Podolea. Then, attacking the l'isi- and to strike terror into the enemy with their goths, they obliged them to shelter themselves in countenances, thus deformed and covered with the most mountainous parts of their country; ull scars. Their food was roots and raw meat, they at last the Gothic nations, finding it impossible being quite unacquainted with the use of fire', to withstand such an inundation of barbarians, and having no houses, nor even huts; but living obtained leave from the emperor Calens to settle in the woods, and on the mountains, where,
from their infancy, they were inured to hunger, strictest sense for objects not within sight: as
Wilt thou hunt the prey for the lion, or fill the ap-
petite of the young lions ?
Job xxxviii. 39. religion; but complied with their inclinations,
Evil shall hunt the violent man to overthrow him,
That halfe on slepe they me ybrought.
Methought, I herde an hunter blowe
T'essay his gret horne. faithless nation, and thought themselves no
Chaucer. Boke of the Duchesse. longer bound by the most solemn treaties than
And therwithall Diane gan appeare
With bowe in hond right as an hunteresse.
Id. The Knightes Tale.
Not certainly affirming any thing, but by confer.
Spenser armies against the Goths and other barbarous
Like as a huntsman, after weary chace, nations ; nay, they were ready, for hire, to fight Seeing the game escape from him away, against each other?
Sits down to rest him.
The fields are fragrant, and the woods are green.
The man that once did sell the lion's skin,
While the beast lived, was kiiled in hunting him. in the reign of the emperor Zeno, being pro
la. voked by Perozes king of Persia laying claim to
I've heard myself proclaimed ; part of their country, they defeated the Persians
And by the happy hollow of a tree, in two pitched battles, slew their king, overran
Escaped the hunt.
Id. King Lear.
Of dogs, the valued file
Distinguishes the swift, the slow, the subtle,
The housekeeper, the hunter.
At court your fellows every day
Give the art of rhiming, huntsmanship, or play.
Harvey on Consumptions,
Down irom a hill the beast that reigns in woosis,
Shall I call
Antiquity from the old schools of Greece, wealth, and partake of all his diversions ; but,
To testify the arms of chastity ?
Hence had the huntress Dian her dread bow,
Fair silver-shafted queen, for ever cbaste.
Such game, whilst yet the world was new,
The mighty Nimrod did pursue :
Or dogs, dare such a monster chace?
from þundd, a
strained HUNTING-HORN, N. S.
dog. The lead- By sovereign power, her company disdained,
ing idea in this Grinncd as they passed.
Dryden. Hind and Panther.
after; and in the
in the same grave.
Another's crimes the unhappy hunter bore,
fessors. His father has designed him for the Gluiting his fatier's eyes with guiltless gore.
church; but, becoming acquainted with the
Id. Eneid. celebrated Dr. Cullen, he resolved to devote Apply this moral rather to the huntsman, that himself to the profession of physic. His father manayed the chace, than to the master. L'Estandje' havinr consented, he, in 1737, went to reside One followed study and knowledge, and another
with Dr. Cullen, and at the end of three years it hawkiag and hunting.
was agreed that he should prosecute his mediVery much of kin to this is the hunting after arru
cal studies in Edinburgh, and London. He acments to make good one side of a question, and wholly to neglect and refuse those which favor the cordingly set out for Emburgh in November other side.
Id. 1740; where he attended the lectures of the This was the arms or device of our old Roman mtuical professors. Dr. Douglas soon after hunters ; a passage of Manilius lets us know the invited him into his family to assist iu his dissecpagan hunters had Meleager for their patron. tions, and to superintend the education of his
Addison. son; and by his friendly assistance enabled bim le hunts a pack of dogs better than any, aud is to enter as a surgeon's pupil at St. George's famous for findiny, harcs.
Hospital under Mr. James Wilkie, and as a dis
IL We should single every criminal out of the herd,
' secting pupil under Dr. Frank Nichols. He and hunt him down, however forinidable and over
" scon became expert in dissection, and Dr. grown; and, on the contrary, shelter and defend vir
Douglas was at the expense of having several of tut'.
10. On the old pagan tombs, masks, hunting matches. his preparations engraved. In 1743 he comuwuand Bacchanals are very cominon. Id. on Italy.
nicated to the Royal Society an Essay on the Whilst a boy, Jack ran from school,
Structure and Diseases of articulating Cartilages. Fond of his hunting-hurn and pole, Prior. At length an opportunity occurred for the dis
To vain palignant streams and winter fogs play of his abilities as a teacher of anatomy. Load the dull air, and hover round our coasts; A society of navy surgeons had an apartment The huntsman ever gay, robust, and bold,
in Covent Garden, where they engaged the Defies the noxious vapor and contides
late Mr. Samuel Sharpe to deliver a course of In this delightful exercise to raise
lectures on the operations of surgery. Mr. His drooping head, and cheer his heart with joy.
Sharpe continued to repeat this course, il, find.
Somerrille's Chuse. Bold Nimrod first the savage chacc began,
ing that it interfered too much with his other A mighty hunter, and his game was man. Pope.
engagements, he declined the task in favor of Let old Arcadia boast her ample plain,
Mr. Hunter; who gave the society so much The iminortal huntress, and her virgin train;
satisfaction, that, in the winter of 1716, they reNor envy Windsor,
Id. quested him to extend bis plan to anatomy, and Would Edwin this majestic scene resign
gave him the use of their room for his lectures. For aught the huntsman's puny craft supplies ? In 17417 he was admitted a member of the corAb! no: he better knows great nature's charms to poration of surycons; and in the spring of 1718, prize.
soon after the close of his lectures, he set out in Mild was the morn, the sky serene,
company with his pupil, Ur. James Douglas, on The jolly hunting band convenc,
a tour through Holland to Paris. He returned The beagle's breast with ardour burns,
to Londoa early enough to begin his winter The bounding steed the champaign spurns,
course of lectures about the usual time. Dr. And fancy oft the game descries
Douglas had now acquired considerable reputaThrouyl the hound's nuse and huntsman's eyes.
tion in midwifery; which induced Mr. Hunter Id
to direct his views chiefly to the same practice; Behold ine, earth, what is the life he hunts for,
and he was elected surgeon, first to the MiddleCome to my cave', thou human hunter come.
Maturin. sex, and soon afterwards to the British Lying-in What is here?
Hospital. In 1750 he obtained the degree of Who seems net of my trade, and yet hath reached M. D. from the university of Glasgow, and A height which none even of our mountaineers, began to practise as a physician; when he Save our best hunters may attain.
quitted the family of Mrs. Douglas and went to
Byron. Manfred. reside in Jermyn Street. In 1756 he was adHUNT (Thomas, D. D., a learned oriental mitted a licentiate of the Royal College of Physcholar of the last century, was born in 1696, sicians. Soon after he was elected a member of and graduated at Oxford in 1721 as A. M. In the Medical Society; and to the Observations 1738 he was elected Arabic professor in that and Enquiries, published by that society, he at university; and his inauguration address on this different periods contributed several valuable occasion has been printed. In 1744 he took his papers. In 1762, when the queen became prerdoctor's degree, and three years after became nant, Dr. Hunter was consulted ; and in 1764 regius professor of Hebrew and canon of Christ. he was appointed physician extraordinary to her church. He wrote also Observations on the majesty. In 1767 Dr. Hunter was elected Proverbs, wbich with his Sermons were edited by F. R. S.; and in 1768 communicated to that Dr. Kennicott in 1774.
learned body observations on the bones, comHunter (Dr. William), a celebrated ana- monly supposed to be elephants' bones, which tomist and physician, was born in 1718, at hilhave been found near the Ohio in America. bride in Lanarkshire. At fourteen his father In 1768 he became a fellow of the Society of sent him to the college of Glasgow, where he Antiquaries; and, at the institution of a Royal spent five years; and by his prudent behaviour Acadeiny of Arts, he was appointed by his maand diligence acquired the esteem of the pro- jesty to the office of professor of anatomy. In