Imagens das páginas

the case of a largelet was a mansion for him.- poets abound with them, and many are to be Shakspeare. Ilyperbolic, hyperbolical, having found in Scripture. See Gen. xul. 15, 16; and the nature of an hyperbole, exaggerated, or er- John xxi. 25. The nicest point of all is 10 tenuated, bevonid the truth: hyperboliform, lav- ascertain the natural limits of the hyperbole, ing the form of an hyperbola

beyond which, being overstrained, it has a bad Tere unsquared

effect. Longinus with great propriety compares Which, from the tongue of roaring Typhon dropt, this kind of hyperbole to a bow-string, which Would seem hyperbolis.

relaxes by overstraining, and proluces an effect Shak.peare. Troilus and Cressida. directly opposite to what is intended.' Tatata phrases, silkeu terms precise,

HYPERBOLIC Conoid, a solid formed by the Three.piled hyperboles, spruce affectation,

revolution of a cone about its axis. Firucs pedantical, these Summer Nies,

HYPERBOLICUM ACUTUM, a solid made Have blown me full of maggot ostentation.

by the revolution of the intinite area contained

Shekspeare. Yet may all be solved, if we take it hyperbolically.

between the curve of the hyperbola and its Browne.

asyınptote. This produces a solid, which, though They were above the hyperboles, that fond poetry

intiniely long, and generated by an infinite area, bestows upon its admired objects.

Glmville. is demonstrated by Torricelli to be equal to a It is parabolical, and probably hyperbolica!, and finite solid body. therefore not to be taken in a strict sense, Boyle, HYPERBOʻREAN, n. s. Fr, hyperborúen ;

The horny or pellucid coat of the eye riseth 1p), Lat. hyperboreus. Northern. as a hillock, above the convexity of the white of the IIYPERBOREAN, in ancient geography, was eye, and is of an hyperbolical or a parabolical figure, applied to those people and places which were

Ruy on the Creation, situated to the north of the Scythians. The Cancellated in the middle with squares, with tri

ancients had very little acquaintance with these augles before, and behind with hyperbolic lines.

Ilyperborean regions; all they tell us of them is

Grew's 1:18um. Hyperboles, so daring and so bolil,

very dubious, much of it false. Diodorus SicuDisdaining bounds, are yet by rules controlled ;

lus says, the Hyperboreans were thus called, Above the clouds, but yet within our sight,

because they dwelt beyond the wind Boreas; They mount with truth, and make a tow'ring figlit. Utep signifying beyond, and Bopras, Boreas, the

Granville. north-wind. This etymology is more natural Had the velocities of the several planets been than that of Rudbeck, who would have the greater or less than they are, or had their distances word to be Gothic, and to signify nobility. from the sun, or the quantity of the sun's matter, llerodotus doubts whether there were any such and consequently his attractive power, being greater

nations as the llyperborean. Strabo, who beor less than they are now, with the same velocitirs, lieves thoro

lieves there are, does not take liyperborean to they would not have revolved in concentrick circles,

signify beyond Boreas or the north ; the prepobut have iroved in hyperbolus very eccentrick.


sition utep, he supposes only to forni a superlitThe common people understand raillery, or at least

tive, and io mean most northern. Most modern

five, il rhetorick, and will not take hyperboles in too literal a geographers, as Boilman, Cellarius, &c., place Sense. .

Swift. the llyperboreans in the north parts of Europe, Scylla is seated upon a narrow mountain, which among the Siberians and Samoieds; and think thrusts into the sea a steep high rock, and hyperbo- the Hyperboreans of the ancients were those who lically described by Homer as inaccessible.

lived farthest to the north. Thie Hyperboreans Broome's Notes on the Odyssey. of our days are those Russians who inhabit beHIYPERBOLA. See Conic SECTIONS.

tween the l'olga and the Il bite Sea. According HYPERBOLE, in rhetoric. See ORATORY. to Cluvier, the name Celtes was synonymous Lord Rames, in his Elements of Criticism, with that of Hyperboreans. observes, tható an object uncommon with re- HYPERCATALECTIC, adj. in Greek and spect to size, either very great of its kind or very Latin poetry, is applied to a verse that has one little, strikes us with surprise ; and this emotion or two syllables too much, or beyond the regular forces upon the mind a momentary conviction and just measure; as, that the objec: is greater or less than it is in

· Muex sorores sunt Minervæ. reality: the same effect, precisely, attends figura

TYPERCRITIC, n. S. I'r. hypercritive grandeur or littleness, and hence the hyper- DY PERCRITICAL, adi. Stivue; Gr. UTED, hole, which expresses this momentary conviction.

Kpitikoç. A critic captious beyond use or reaA writer is generally more successful in magni

Son. fying by a hyperbole than in diminishing. The

Those hypercriticks in English poetry differ from reason is, that a minute object contracts the.

the opinion of the Greek and Latin judges, froin the mind, and fetters its power of imagination ; but

Italians and French, and from the general taste of that the mind, dilated and intiameil with a grand

all ages.

Dryden. object, moulds objects for its grauification with

We are far from imposing those nicc ant hyper. great facility. Longinus cites iue following critical punctilios, which some astrologers oblige our ludicrous instance of a diminishing hyperbole gardeners to.

Erelin. from a comic poet ;-- he was owner of a plot Such hypercritical readers will consider any buof ground not larger than a Lacedemonian let- siness was to make a body of rotuned savings, only ter.' But, for me reason now given, the hyper- taking care to produce them in the most natural man. bole has by far the greater force in magnifying ner.

Swist. objects. It is unnecessary to quote examples. PERDULIA, in the Romish thicology Homer, Virgil, Shakspeare, and all our best (from vintep, above, and inhuu, worship), the

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worship rendered to the haily virgin. The wor 5. I. monogynum, the one-styled China ship offered to the saints is called dulia; and hypericu!n, has a shrubby purplish stalk, about thai to the virgin hyperdulia, as being superior. two feet high ; oblong, stift

, smooth, close-sitting HYPERIA, in ancient geography, the seat of leaves, of a shining green above, and white underthe Phæacians near the Cyclops. Some take it neatls; clusters of small yellow flowers, with to be Camarina in Sicily ; according to others it colored cups, and only one style, flowering the is supposed to be Melita, an adjoining island. greatest part of the year. This species is propaThis is confirmed by Apollonius Rhodius. gated by layers and cuttings, planted in pots, The Phæacians afterwards removed to Corcyra, and plunged in a hot-bed. being expelled by the Phænicians, who settled HYPERIDES, an orator of Greece, and a in Melita before the Trojan war, on account of disciple of Plato and Isocrates, who governel the commodious harbours.

the republic of Athens. He defended with HYPERICUM, St. John's wort, a genus of great zeal and courage the liberties of Greece ; the polyandria order, and polyadelphia class of but was put to death by Antipater's order, A.A.C. plants ; natural order twentieth, rotaceæ : CAL. 322. He composed many orations, of which quinquepartite ; the petals five; the filaments only one is extant. He was one of the ten many, and coalited at the base into five pencils: celebrated orators of Greece; and, though the CAPS. is a pencil. Of this genus there are intimate friend of Demosthenes, accused him of eighty-eight species, most of them hardy, deci- taking bribes, and obtained his banishment. duous shrubs, and under-shrubby plants, adorned HYPERIUS (Andrew Gerard), a learned with oblong and oval simple foliage, and penta- divine of Ypres. He was educated in France; petalous yellow flowers in clusters. The most but, embracing Protestant principles, he came remarkable are,

to England,and afterwards settled as professor of 1. H. androsæmum, tutsan or park leaves, divinity at Marpurg, where he died in 1564. which has an upright under-shrubby stalk, two His works make seven vols. folio. feet high, branching by pairs opposite; and, at HYPERMETER, n. $. Greek, υπερ and the ends of the stalks, clusters of small yellow yérpov. Any thing greater than the standard flowers appear in July and August, and are suc- requires. ceeded hy roundish berry-like black capsulez. When a man riscs beyond six foot, he is an hyperThis plant is hardy, and grows naturally in meter, and may be admitted into the tall club.

Addison. many parts of Britain. It has long held a place in the medicinal catalogues; but its virtues are HYPERMNESTRA, in fabulous history, one not much valued at present. The leaves given of the fifty daughters of Danaus, king of Argos, in substance are said to destroy worms. By the only one who refused to obey her father's distillation they yield an essential oil. The bloody order. See DANAIDES and Danaus. flowers tinge spirits and oils of a fine purple

HYPERSARCOʻSIS, 1. s. Gr. uteprápewrit, color. Cows, goats, and sheep, eat the plant; útep and caprós. The growth of fungrus or horses and swine refuse it. The dried plant, proud flesh. boiled in water with alum, dyes yarn of a yellow Where the hypersarcosis was great, I sprinkled it color; and the Swedes give a fine purple tinge with precipitate, whereby I wore speedily, freed the to their spirits with the flowers.

ulcer of its putrefaction.

Wiseman, 2. H. ascyron, or dwarf American St. John's HYPERTHYRON, in architecture, å sort of wort, has spreading roots, sending up numerous table, usually placed over gates or doors of the şlender, square stalks, a foot long; oval, spear Doric order, above the chambranle, in form of a shaped, close-sitting, smooth leaves, by pairs frieze. opposite; and, at the end of the stalks, large HYPHEN, 7. 8. Gr. ügèv. A note of conyellow flowers. It'is a hardy plant.

junction; as, vir-tue, ever-living. 3. H. Canariense, has shrubby stalks, dividing HYPNOʻTIC, n. s. Gr. 7 VOS. Any meand branching six or seven feet high; oblong, dicine that induces sleep. close-sitting leaves by pairs; and, at the ends of HYPNUM, feather-moss, in botany, a genus the branches, clusters of yellow Áowers appear- of the natural order of musci, and the cryptogaing in June and July. This species and the mia class of plants. The antheræ are operculated, hircinum propagate by suckers.

or covered with a lid; the calyptera smooth; the 4. H. hircinum, or stinking St. John's wort. filament lateral, and rising out of a perichætium, It rises three or four feet high, with several or tuft of leaflets different from the other leaves shrubby two-edged stalks from the root, branch- of the plant. There are 156 species, many of ing by pairs opposite at every joint; oblong, them natives of Great Britain. The most reoval, close-sitting, opposite leaves"; and, at the markable are, ends of all the young shoots, clusters of yellow 1. H. parietinum, which has shoots nearly flat flowers. Of these there are three varieties; one and winged, undivided for a considerable length, with strong stalks, six or eight feet high, broad and the leaves shining ; but the old shoots do leaves, and large flowers; the other with strong not branch into new ones. It


in woods stalks, broad leaves, and without any disagreeable and shady places, and is used for filling up the odor; the third has variegated leaves. All these chinks in wooden houses, whence the trivial varieties are shrubby and hardy plants. They name. flower in June and July in such numerous 2. II. proliferum is of a very singular strucclusters, that the shrubs appear covered with ture, one shoot growing out from the centre of them; and produce abundance of seeds in another; the veil is yellow and shining; the lid

with a kird of long bill; the leaves not shining;

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sometimes of a yellowish, and sometimes of a fore they are ripe: the juice is expressed, then formed deep green. This moss covers the surface of the into cakes.

Hill. earii in the thickest shades, through which the lyPocist, or llyPocistis is obtained from sun never shines, and where no other plant can the sessile asarum, and greatly resembles the true grow

Eryptian acacia. The juice is evaporated over TYPOBOLE, or subjection, from uro, and a very gentle tire, 10 the consistence of an exBaliw, I cast, in rhetoric, a figure, when several tract, ani, when formed into cakes, is exposed things are mentioned, and each of them is re- to the sun to dry. It is an astringent of confuted in order. When complete it consists of siderable power; is good against diarrhæas and three parts; a proposition, an enumeration of hemorrhages of all kinds; and may be used in particulars with their answers, and a conclusion. repellent cargarisms in the manner of true acaThus Cicero, upon lus return from banishunent, cia; but it is rarely met with genuine, the Gervindicates lus conduct in withdrawing so quietly, man acacia bein's usually solid under its name. and not opposing the faction that ejected him. See Isikum. See (RATORY.

HYPOCRISY, n. s. Cr. VTOKOLOIS and TYPOCACSTUV, from VO ani raw, t0 HYPOCRIT, 1. s. (VOKOUNS Dissiburn, among the ancient Greeks and Romans, a llyPOCRU'ICIL, wii mulation with resubterraneous place, where was a furnace to heut TYPOCRITICALLY, adı, ard to the moral or the baths. Hypocaustum was also a kind of religious character; an insincere dissembling kiln to beat their winter parlours. The remains person : falsely; in a dissembling manner. of a Roman hypocaustum were discovered under wise man hateth not the law; but he that is an

round at Lincoln in 17:39. We have an accollit hyncrite ther-in, is as a ship in a storin. of these remains in the Philos. Trans. No. 161.

Ecclus. xxxiii. 3. HYPOCILERIS, hawh's-eye, in botany, it Thou shalt not sbrive thee for vainc gloric, ne for genus of the polygamia aequalis order, and syn- pocrisie', ne for no cause, but only for the doute of genesia class of plants; naturl order forty-uinthi, Jesu Crist and the hole of thy souli. composita. The receptacle is paleaceous : (L.

Chaucer. The Persones Tale. aliule imbricated; the pappus plumy. There He heartily prays some occasion may detain us are five species, of which the most remarkable be of which the most remarkable longer: I dare swear he is no hypocritt, but prays

from his heart. is the

Shukspeure. Il maculata, or spotted hawk's-eye, a native

Who can describe

Women's hypocrisies? their subtle wiles, of Britain. It grows on high grounds. The

Betraying siniles, feigned tcars, inconstancies? leaves are oblony, egy-shaped, and toothed; the

Otrcuy's Orphan. stem alınost naked, generally with a single Next stood Hypocrisy with holy leer, branch; the blossoms vellow, opeving at 6 A. Soft smiling and drinurely looking down; M. and closing at 1 P. M. The leaves are boiled But hid the danger underneath the gown. and eaten like cabbage. Ilorses are fond of this

Drydin. plant when green, but not when dry. Cows, Fair hypocrite, you seek to cheat in vain; goats, and some pat it; sheep are not fond of it. Your silence argues, you ask time to reign. ld.

WYPOCHONDRES, n. s.) Fr.hypocondri; Now you are contesing your enormities; I know HYPOCHONDRIC, ali. Gr. OYÚrcocev.


it by that hypocritical, down-cast look, · Il y POCHONDRICAL, ani. The two regions Kinys and priests are in a manner bound lving on each side of the cartilayo eusiformis, For reverence sake to be close hypocritt's. Id. and those of the ribs, and the tip of the breast, Beware, yo honest: the third circling glass which have in one the liver, and in the other Suffices virtue ; but may hypocrites, the spleen.-Quincy. Hypochondriac, melan Who slily speak one thing, another think, choly; because this discase was formerly sup

Hatful as held, still pleased unwarned drink on, posed to be connected with the state of the liver,

And through intemp’rance grow awhile sincere. which is placed in the right hypochondrium.


Whatever virtues may appear in him, they will be Cold sweats are many times mortal, and always

Wys este med an hyperisul imposture on the world ; and, suspected; as in great fears, and hypochondriacul pay in his retired pleasures, he will be presumed a libersions, being a relaxation or forsaking of the spirits,


Rogers. Bacon's Natural History.

The making rolnion recessary to interest might The blood, moving too slowly through the celiack



increase hypocrisy ; but if one in twenty should be ana mesenterick arteries, produces various complaints brou

brought in true piety, and nineteen be only hypocrites, in the lower bowls and hypochondries; from whence

the advantage would still be great.
the a

Swift. sich persons are called hypochondriack. Astrutlet. Socratcs laid down his life in attestation of that

That Hypuurisy is louch more trouble than open inmost fundamental truth, the belief of one (od: and idelity and vice; it wears the livery of religion, and Wit he's not recorded cither as fool or hypochondriuck. is cautious of giving scandal: nay, continued dis

Decay of Pictu. guise's are too great a constraint : men would leave

off their vices, rather than undergo the toil of prac. HYPOCHONDRIASIS, in medicine. See using RIASIS, in medicine. Deltising them in private.


Let others skriw their hypocrilick face. Id. TYPOCIST, n. s. Cr. Tóal-ug; Fr. 14

If I am nothingpociste.

For nothing shall I be an hypocrite, Hypocist is an inspissated juice considerably hard

Aud seen well pleased with pain. Byron. and heavy, of a fine shining black colour, when bro.

POG.IS kon. The slete of the plant is thick and feshy; and

9110; much ihicher at the topthan towards the bottom. The Gr. 770 and yu 90. Scaled in the lower part fruits contain a tough glutinous liquor, gathered be of the bells.


The swelling wo supposed to rise from an effusion defined to denote the same with essence or subof serum through all the hypogastrick arteries. stance; so that it was heresy to say that Jesus

Wiseman. Christ was of a different hypostasis from the FaHYPAGASTRIC, an appellation given to the ther; but custom altered its meaning. In the internal branch of the iliac artery.

necessity they were under of expressing themHYPOGASTRIUM. See ANATOMY. selves strongly against the Sabellians, the Greeks

HYPOGEʻUM, or HYPOGÆUM, n. s. Gr. Úto used the word hypostasis, and the Latins perand yn. A name which the ancient architects sona; which proved the occasion of endless dis. gave to all the parts of a building that were agreement. The phrase TPELS UTOSAJels, used under ground, as cellars and vaults. It was also by the Greeks, offended the Latins, who transused by the Greeks and Romans for subter- lated urtosaoig by substantia. The barrenness of raneous tombs in which they buried their dead. the Latin tongue in theological phrases allowed

HYPOGEUM, in astrology, a name given to the them but one word for the two Greek ones, yola celestial houses below the horizon: especially and utosaois; and thus disabled them from disthe imum cæli, or bottom of heaven.

linguishing essence from hypostasis. They HYPOGLOSSI, externi, or majores, in ana- therefore chose rather to use the term tres pertomy, the ninth pair of nerves, called also lin- sonæ and tres hypostases.-An end was put to guales et gustatorii. See ANATOMY.

these logomachies in a synod held at AlexanHYPOGLOSSIS, or IIYPOGLOTTIS, of vro, dria about A. D. 362, at which St. Athanasius under, and ywrta, tongue, in anatomy, a name assisted : after which the Latins made no scrugiven to two glands of the tongue, situated under ple of saying tres hypostases, nor the Greeks it , near the venæ ranulares. There are other three persons. two, one on each side of it. They serve to fil- HYPOSULPHURIC Acid. See SULPHURIC trate a kind of serous matter, of the nature of Acid. . saliva, which they discharge into the mouth by HYPOTHEC, or HYPOTHECA, Gr. UnoOnxn. little ducts near the gums.

a thing subject to obligation; in the civil law, HYPOLITE (St.), in France. See HIPPOLYTE. an obligation, whereby the effects of a debtor

HYPOMOCHLION, the fulerum or prop of are made over to his creditor to secure his debi. a lever, or the point which sustains its pressure As the hypotheca is an engagement for the secuin raising or lowering bodies. It is also used rity of the creditor, various means have been for a roller set under a lever, or under stones, made use of to secure to him the benefit of the timber, &c., to assist in removing them.

convention. The use of the pawn or pledge is HYPONITRIC Acid. See Nitric Acid.

the most ancient, which is almost the same with HYPOPHOSPHORIC Acid. See PuosPHOthe hypotheca; all the difference consisting in RIC ACID.

this, that the pledge is put into the creditor's HIYPOSCENIUM, in antiquity, a partition hands; whereas, in a simple hypotheca, the thing under the Logeum, or pulpit of the Greek remained in the possession of the debtor. It was theatre, appointed for the music.

found more easy to engage an estate by a civil HYPOSTASIS, n. s.) Fr. hypostase ; Gr.

covenant than by an actual delivery ; accordingly HYPOSTAT'ICAL, adj. Jumosaois. Distinct

it was first practised among the Greeks; and subsistence; personality, as applied to the holy

from them the Romans borrowed it; only the Trinity: hypostatical, constituent as distinct

Greeks, the better to prevent frauds, used to fix ingredients; distinctly; personal.

some visible mark on the thing, that the public

might know it was hypothecated or mortgaged by Let our Carneades warn men not to subscribe to the proprietor ; but the Romans, looking on such the grand doctrine of the chymists, touching their

beir advertisements as injurious to the debtor, forthree hypostatical principles, till they have a little ex

- bade the use of them. The Roman lawyers disamined it.


tinguished four kinds of hypothecas : the conThe oneness of our Lord Jesus Christ, referring to ventional, which was with the will and consent the several hypostases in the one eternal, indivisible, of both parties; the legal, which was appointed divine nature, and the eternity of the Son's generation by law, and for that reason called tacitly the and his co-eternity and consubstantiality with the Father, are assertions equivalent to those comprised

prætor's pledge, when, by the flight or non-apin the ancient simple article.


Peams Or me debtor, the
pearing of the debtor, the creditor was put in

possession of his effects; and the judiciary, when HYPOSTASIS literally signifies substance, or the creditor was put in possession by virtue of a subsistence, but is used in theology for person. sentence of the court. Thus we hold that there is but one nature or es. HYPOTH'ENUSE, n. s. Fr. hypotenuse ; sence in God, but three hypostases or persons. Gr. únotévega. The line that subtends the This term is of a very ancient standing in the right angle of a right-angled triangle ; the subchurch. St. Cyril repeats it several times, as tense. well as the phrase union according to hypostasis. The square of the hypothenuse, in a right-angled The first time it occurs is in a letter from that triangle, is equal to the squares of the two other sides. father to Nestorius, where he uses it instead of

Locke. poow Tov, the word we commonly render per HYPOTHENUSE. See GEOMETRY. son, which did not seem expressive enough. HYPOTH'ESIS, n. s. ) Fr. hypothese ; This term occasioned great dissentions in the HYPOTHETICAL, adj, Gr. Ümocouc. A ancient church, both among the Greeks and the HYPOTHET’ICALLY, udv.) supposition ; a sysLatins. In the council of Nice hypostasis was tem formed upon some principle not proved : loypothetical, including a supposition : condi- ferred their fenale slaves to them, she saved her Fionally.

father's life. The Argonauts, soon after landing The mind casts and turns itself restlessly from one at Lempos, rendered the women pregnant, and thing to another, till at length it brings all the ends Hypsipyle bad twins by Jason. Being afterwards of a long and various hypothesis together ; sees how banished by her subjects, she was taken by pione part coheres with another, and so clears off all rates, and sold to Lycurgus, king of Nemæa. the app aring contrarieties that seemed to lie cross, and NYTSISTARII, from viisos, highest, a sect wake the whole unintelligible.

Svuth. of heretics in the fourth century; so called from With imagined sovereignty

the profession they made of worshipping the Lord of his new hypothesis he reigns :

most bigh God. Their doctrine was a compound Ile reigns : how long? till some usurper rise :

of Paganism, Judaism, and Christianity. They And he too, mighty thought, mighty wiso, Studies new lines, and other citcles fcigns.

adored the most high God with the Christians;

but they also revered fire and lamps with the The only pare liable to imputation is calling her a

lable to imputation is calline hera Heathens, and observed the sabbath, and the disgoddess; yet this is proposed with modesty and doubt, tinction of clean and unclean things with the and hypothetically.

Broome. Jews. They bore a near resemblance to the Conditional or hypothetical propositions are those Echites, or Massaliaus. whose parts are united by the conditional particle if; HYRAY, the saphan, or ashikoko, in zooloty, as, if the sun be fixed, the earth must move.

a genus of the mammalia class of animals, and

Watts. of the order of glires. The generic characters HIYPOTHESIS, in disputation. False hypothes are, two broad and distinct fore teeth above; ses are often made, in order tu draw the antayo- four contiguous, broad, fat potched, fore teeth nist into absurdities; and even in geometry below; and four large grinders on each side in truths are often deducible from false hypotheses. both jaws. The fore feet have four toes, the Every hypothetical proposition may be distin- hind feet only three. There is no tail, and the guished into hypothesis and thesis; the first re- clavicles are wanting. There are two species. hearses the conditions under which any thing is 1. ll. Capensis, the Cape ashkoko, has Hat athrmed or denied ; and the latter is the thing nails on all the toes, except one toe of each hind itself affirmed or denied. Thus, in the propos foot, which is armed with a sharp-pointed claw. sition, a triangle is half a parallelogram, if the li inhabits the Cape of Good llope; is about bases and altitudes of the two be equal; the lat- the size of a rabbit, being about fifteen inches ter part is the hypothesis, . if the basis,'&c., and long; the head is short, with the back part very the former the thesis, ' a triangle is half a paral- thick, and the snout very short and blunt; the lelogram.' In strict logic we are never to pass eyes are sinall; the ears oval and open, brown, from the hypothesis to the thesis ; that is, the woolly, and half hid in the fur; the legs are very principle supposed must be proved, before we short, the upper joints of both being concealed require the consequence to be allowed.

beneath the skin; the hind legs are rather longer HYPOTHESIS, in physics, &c., denotes a sys- than the fore; the feet are large, black, and naked; tem formed to account for some phenomenon the body is short, thick, and contracted, with or appearance of nature; such as gravity, inag- a prominent belly, and is covered with a soft vetism, the deluge, the tides, &c. The real woolly fur, of a yellowish-brown or grayish color, causes of natural things generally lie very deep; hoary at the roots; the sides are of a dirty whitish observation and experiment are in most cases gray, and along the back is a brownish stripe. extremely slow, and the human mind is very This fur is interspersed with longer and coarser impatient : hence we often iuvent something black hairs, and a few very coarse long löristles. that may seem like the cause, and which appears The fore feet have four short, scarcely divided, calculated to answer the several phenomena, so thick toes, furnished with flat nails; the two that it may possibly be the true cause.

outer toes of the hind feet are similar, but the IIYPOTIPOSIS. See ORATORY.

inner toe is longer, and has a sharp claw. This HYPOXIS, in botany, i genus of the mono- animal has a sharp voice, and acute sense of gynia order, and hexandria class of plants; na- hearing; its gait is very wavering and unsteady, tural order tenth, coronariæ : COR. is divided into owing to the shortness of its thighs, and unsix parts, and persisting, superior : CAPS. nar- equal length of the hind and fore legs; notwithrowing at the base: cal. à bivalved glume. standing which it is very active, and moves by Species thirteen, natives of warm climates. leaps ; it is very cleanly, lives entirely on vege

HTYPSICLES, an ancient mathematician of table food, drinks little, is fond of heat, and Alexandrid, who tlourished under Marcus Aure- burrows in the ground. In mampers and geneling He wrote a work entitled Anaphoricus, or ral appearance this animal resembles the marA Book of Ascensions, printed in Greek and mot and cavy; in the conformation of its toes it Latin at Paris in 1680.

has some analogy with the maucauco; but, from TYPSICRATES, an ancient Phænician nis- the circumstances of the teeth, it cannot be rauhed torian, who wrote a history of Phænicia in his with the last ; and the peculiarity of the feet hies native tongue, which was saved from the flames caused Gmelin to separate it froin both of the of C'arthave when that city was destroyed, and former. translated into Greek.

2. II. Syriacus, the Syrian ashkoko, of Bruce TYPSIPYLE, in fabulous history, the daugh- and Schreber, has soft tender nails on all the ter of Thoas, queen of Lemnos. All the women toes. It inhabits Syria and Ethiopia. The in the island having conspired to murder the body of this species is more lengthened than that inen, in revenge for their busbands having price of the former; and the snout more oblong. The

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