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the river Indus; who sailed from Caspatyrus, a found, in the time of Alexander, to be in no detown at its source, and near the territories of gree inferior in population to the kingdom of Pactya, eastward to the sea; thence, turning Porus. The climate, soil, and productions of westward, he arrived at the place where the India, as well as the manners and customs of the Phænicians had formerly sailed round Africa, inhabitants, are exactly described, and the deafter which Darius subdued the Indians, and scriptions found to correspond in a surprising became master of that coast. His conquests, manner with modern accounts. The stated however, were not extensive, as they did not change of seasons, now known by the name of reach beyond the territory watered by the Indus; monsoons, the periodical rains, the swellings and yet the acquisition was very important, as the inundations of the rivers, with the appearance of revenue derived from the conquered territory, the country during the time they continue, are according to Herodotus, was near a third of that particularly mentioned. The descriptions of the of the whole Persian empire. But very little inhabitants are equally particular; their living knowledge of the country was acquired by this entirely upon vegetables; their division into expedition of Darius, for the Greeks paid no re tribes or casts, with many of the particularities gard to the transactions of barbarians; and as of the modern Hindoos. The military operations, for Scylax, he told so many incredible stories in however, extended but a very little way into ihe account he gave of his voyage, that he was India properly so called; no further indeed than disbelieved in almost every thing, whether true or the modern province of Lahore, and the countries false. The Greeks acquired much more know- on the banks of the Indus, from Moultan to the ledge of India by Alexander's expedition, al sea. To secure the obedience of those countries, though be went nó farther into the country than Alexander built, it is said, a number of fortified the Setlege (Hyphasis). See HIndostan. The cities; and, the farther eastward he extended his breadth of this district, from Ludhana on the conquests, the more necessary did he find this Setlege to Attock on the Indus, is computed to task. Three he built in India itself; two on the be 259 geographical miles in a straight line; and banks of the Hydaspes, and a third on the AceAlexander's march, computed in the same manner, sines, both navigable rivers, falling into the Indus, did not exceed 200; nevertheless by the spread- after they have united their streams. By these ing of his numerous arıny over the country, and he intended not only to keep the adjacent the exact measurement and delineation of all countries in awe, but to promote a commercial his movements by men of science whom he em intercourse between different parts. With this ployed, a very extensive knowledge of the view, on his return to Susa, he surveyed the western part of India was obtained. Of this course of the Euphrates and Tigris, causing the celebrated conqueror's exploits, previous to this cataracts or dams to be removed, which the Perexpedition, an accoụnt will be found under the sian monarchs had built to obstruct the naviarticle MACEDON.

gation of these rivers. After the navigation was According to major Renuel, the space of thus opened, he proposed that the valuable comcountry through which Alexander sailed on the modities of India should be imported into the Indus was not less than 1000 miles; and as, other parts of his dominions by the Persian Gulf, during the whole of that navigation, he obliged and through the Red Sea to Alexandria, and the nations on both sides of the river to submit thence dispersed over Europe. to him, we may be certain that the country on On the death of Alexander, the eastern part each side was explored to some distance. An of his dominions devolved first on Pytho, the exact account, not only of his military operations, son of Agenor, and afterwards on Seleucus. The but of every thing worthy of notice relating to latter was sensible of the advantages of keeping the countries through which he passed, was pre- India in subjection. With this view, he underserved in the journals of his three officers, Lagus, took an expedition into that country, partly to Nearchus, and Aristobulus; and these journals confirm his authority, and partly to defend the Arrian followed in the composition of his history. Macedonian territories against Sandracottus, From these authors we learn, that, in the time of king of the Prasii. The particulars of his expeAlexander, the western part of India was pos- dition are very little known; Justin being the sessed by seven very powerful monarchs. The only author who mentions them. Plutarch tells territory of Porns, which Alexander first con us that Seleucus carried his arms farther into quered and then restored to him, is said to have India than Alexander; and Pliny, whose authocontained no fewer than 2000 towns; and the rity is of considerably greater weight than either, king of the Prasii had assembled an army of corroborates the testimony of Plutarch in this 20,000 cavalry, 2000 armed chariots, and a great instance, though his language is obscure. Bayer number of elephants, to oppose the Macedonian thinks it implies that Seleucus marched from the monarch on the banks of the Ganges. The navi- Hyphasis to the lysudrus, thence to Palibothra, gable rivers with which the Panjab country and thence to the mouth of the Ganges; the abounds, afforded then, and still continue to distances of the principal stations being marked, afford, an intercourse from one part to another and amounting in all to 2244 Roman miles. But by water: and, as these rivers probably had then Dr. Robertson considers it very improbable that many ships on them for commerce, Alexander the expedition of Seleucus should have been might easily collect all the number he is said to continued so far, as in that case the ancients have had, viz. 2000; since it is reported, that would have had a more accurate knowledge of Semiramis was opposed by double the number this part of the country than they seem ever to on the Indus, when she invaded India.

have possessed.' The career of Seleucus in the The country on each side the Indus was east was stopped by Antigonus, who prepared

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which titteth them be their virtues, let polity acknow. superiority, as above the common rate : this is Terigu itself in lebled 10 religion, youliness being the to be granted; a particle of connexion. It is chiefest top and well-spring of all true virlues, even used sometimes as a slight assertion or recapias God is of all things.

Houker. tulation in a sense hardly perceptible or expliHe for himself

cable, and, though some desree of obscure power Indebted and undone, bas nought to bring.


is perceiver, might, even where it is properly

enough wserted, becmitted without being missed. Let us represent to our souls the love and beneticence for which wo daily stand indebted to God.

To denote concession in comparisous.

Rogers. Some, who have not deserved judginnt of death, Few consider how much we are indebted to governo have been for their goods' sake caught up and carried ment, because few can represent how wretched man- strcight to the bough: a thing indeed very pitiful and kind would be without it. Atterbury. horrible.

Spenser. This blest alliance may

Though such assemblies he had indeed for Relivina's Th' indebted nation bountcously repay.

sake, hurtful nevertheless ihey may prove as well in Granville.

regard of their fitness to serve the turn of hereticks, We are wholly indebted for them to our ancestors.

and such as privily will venture to insul their poison Swift. into new minds.

Hooker. Thy forehead wrapt in clouds, A leafless branch thy sceptre, and thy throne,

Then didst thou utter, I am yours for ever, A sliding car indebted to no wheels. Cowper.

'Tis grace indeed.

Shakspeare. For the most valuable comforts of life we are ince Against these forces were prepared to the number dcbted to the social and benevolent attentions of one of near one hundred ships ; not so great of bulk another. Beattie. indeed, but of a more nimble motion.

Bacun, Friends fail-slaves fly-and all betray-and more I said I thought it was confederacy between the Than all the most indebted--but a heart

juggler and the two servants; tho' indeeil I had nu That loves without self-love. ”Tis here--now prove it. reason so to think.

Id. Byron. Borrows in mean affairs his subjects' pains ; INDE’CENCY, n. s. ) Fr.inulecence; Lat.

Bill things of weighe and consequence indeed,

Ilimself doth in his chamber thiem debate.
INDECENT, adj. in and decet. Any
INDECENTLY, adv. thing unbecoming;


Yet loving indeed, and therefore constant. any thing contrary to good manners; something

Sidney. wrong, but scarcely criminal: unfit to be seen on heard.

This limitation, indeed, of our author will save If on they rushed, repulse

those the labour who would look for Adam's heir

among the race of brutes ; but will very little conRepeated, and indecent overthrow

tribute to the discovery of one next heir amongst Doubled, would render them yet more despised,

nen. And to their foes a laughter.

Loche. Milton's Paradise Lost.

Such sons of Abraham, how highly soever they may Characters, where obscene words were proper in

in have the luck to be thought of, are far from being

have th
Israelites indeed.

Sruth. their moutlıs, bu! very indecent to be heard.

Dryden. There is indeed no great pleasure in visiting these He will in vain endeavour to reform indecency in magazines of war, after one has seen two or three of his pupil, which he allows in himself. Locke.


them. Till these inen can prove these things, ordered by There is nothing in the world more generally our church, to be either intrinsically unlawful or in dreaded, and yet itss to be feared, than death : indecent, the use of them, as established aicongst us, is deed, for those unhappy men whose hopes terminate necessary.

South. in this life, no wonder if the prospect of another And it is abominable, because it abounds in filthy seems terrible and amazing.

Wake. and indecent images.


When young indeed INDECIDUOUS, adj. Lat. in, di, cado

US di Latin de cade In full content, we sometimes nobly rest, In and deciduous. Not falling; not shed. Csod

L'nanxious for ourselves.

Youru). of trees that do not shed their leaves in winter.

* It is indeed true that habits of long acquaintance will sometimes overcome dislike.

Beatrie We find the statue of the sun framed with rays

Tuuleed a certain fair and fairy one about the head, which were the indecidruius and un

Of the best class, and better than her class. shaken locks of Apollo. Broune'.

Byron. Dun Juun. INDECLINABLE, adj. Fr. indeclinable ;

I dread it, indeed, but upon far other grounds; ! Lat. indeclinabilis. Not varied by terminations.

dread it from a consciousness of the tremendous Pondo is an indeclinable word, and when it is joined

power Great Britain possesses of pushing hostilities to numbers it signifies libra.

Arbuthnot. in which she may be engaged to consequences which INDEC’OROI'S, udj.) Lat. in, decus, inde- I shudder to contemplate.

Cunning. INDECO'rum, n. s. I corus. Conduct un- INDEFAT'IGABLE, adi.) Spanish and suitable, unsemly, and improper: unbecoming: INLETAT'IGABLY, adv. " $ Frencb, indefati

What can be more indecorous than for a creature to gable; Lat. in and derutigo. Inwearied; net violate the commands, and trample upon the authority, exhausted with labor; diligent: without interof that awful Excellence to whom he owes his life? mission, and without liring.

The soft address, the castigated grace,

Who shall spread his airy flight,

Unborne with indefatigable wings, Arc indecorums in the modern maid. Young.

Over the vast abrupi.

Milton INDEED', adv. Belg. inde dadt; Teut. A mar. inde fatigably zealous in the service of thin inder that, i.e. that is truly. See DEED. In church and state, and whose writings have highly reality; in truth : used emphatically to express deserved of buth.


The ambitious person must rise early and sit up Wilful perpetration of unworthy actions brands late, and pursue his design with a constant indefatio with indelible characters the name and memory. gable attendance: he must be infinitely patient and

King Charles. servile.

South. They are indued with indelible power from above to INDEFECTIBILITY, n. s.) Lat, in and

feed, to govern this household, and to consecrate pas. INDEFECTIBLE, adj. I defectus. The

tors and stewards of it to the world's end. Sprat,

Thy heedless sleeve will drink the coloured oil, quality of suffering no decay, decline, or defect:

1: Aud spot indelible thy pocket soil.
Aud spot ind

Guy's Trivia. unfailing; constant. INDEFEI'SIBLE, adj. Fr. indefaisable. Not adi. Fr. indefaisable. Not INDELICACY, n. s. 2 Latin in and deliciæ ;

NT to be cut off; not to be vacated; irrevocable.

INDELICATE, adj. Shence delicatus. Wart So indefeisible is our estate in those joys, that, if

e of decency; coarseness of appearance or manwe do not sell it in reversion, we shall, when once

ner: inelegant. See DELICACY. invested, be beyond the possibility of ill husbandry. Your papers would be chargeable with worse than

Decay of Piety.

indelicacy, they would be immoral, did you treat detest

able uncleanness as you rally an impertinent selfINDEFEN'SIBLE, adj. Lat. in and defen

Addison. sus. That cannot be defended or maintained.

INDEMNIFICATION, n. S.) Fr. indemAs they extend the rule of consulting Scripture to INDEMNIET...

nité ; Ital. inall the actions of common life, even so far as to the


) demnitu; taking up of a straw, so it is altogether false or inde

in, Sanderson

and Lat. damno. fensible.

Security against loss; reim

bursement of penalty or loss, and security from INDEF'INITE, adj.) Fr. indefini; Italian

punishment: to preserve from injury. INDEFINITELY, adv. indefinite ; Lat. indefiINDEFIN'ITUDE, n. s. ) nitus. Not determined

I will use all means, both of amnesty and indem

nity, which may most fully remove all fears, and bury or limited ; undecided; large beyond human

all jealousies in forgetfulness. King Charles. comprehension, although not absolutely without

Insolent signifies rude and haughty, indemnify to limits : quantity not limited or defined.

keep safe.

Watts. We observe that custom, whereunto St. Paul al. Just laws, to be sure, and admirable equity, if a ludeth, and whereof the fathers of the church in their stranger is to collect a mob which is to set half Man. writings make often mention, to shew inde finitely what chester on fire; and the burnt half is to come upon was done ; but not universally to bind for ever all the other half for indemnity, while the stranger goes prayers unto one only fashion of utterance. Hooker. off unquestioned, by the stage !

Canning. Though a position should be wholly rejected, yet INDENT', o. a., v. n. & n. s.) Fr. denté ; that negative is more pregnant of direction than an INDENTA'TION, n. S.

Ital. indentare; inde finite; as ashes are more generative than dust. INDENTURE, n. s.

Latin in and Bacon's Essays. dens; a tooth. To mark any thing with ineHer advancement was left indefinite ; but thus, qualities like a row of teeth ; to cut in and out; that it should be as great as ever any former queen to make a wave or undulate. Indent, from the of England had.


method of cutting counterparts of a contract toif not inde finitude, by their various positions, combin

'gether, that, laid on each other, they may fit, and nations, and conjunctions.

Hale. any want of conformity may discover a fraud; We conceive no more than the letter beareth; that to contract; to bargain; to make a compact. is, four times, or indefinitely more than thrice. Indent, inequality; incisure. Indentation, wav,

Browne. ing in any figure. Indenture, a covenant, so Tragedy and picture are more narrowly circum- named because the counterparts are indented or scribed by place and time than the epick poem ; and cut one by the other; a contract of which there the time of this last is left indefinite. Dryden, is a counterpart.

If the word be indefinitely extended, that is, so far In Hall's chronicle much good matter is quite as no human intellect can fancy any bounds of it, then marred with indenture English. what we see must be the least part.


Ascham's Schoolmaster. Though it is not infinite, it may be indefinite; Trent shall not wind with such a deep indent, though it is not boundless in itself, it may be so to To rob me of so rich a bottom here. Shakspeare human comprehension.

Spectator. Shall we buy treason, and indent with fears, A duty to which all are indefinitely obliged, upon When they have lost and forfeited themselves ? some occasions, by the expressed command of God.


About his neck
INDELIB'ERATE, adj. Fr. indeliberé. A green and gilded snake had wreathed itself,
INDELIB'ERATED. SIn and deliberate.

Who with her head, nimble in threats, approached Unpremeditated; done without consideration.

The opening of his mouth; but suddenly,

Seeing Orlando, unlinked itself, Actions proceeding from blandishments, or sweet And with indented glides did slip away persuasions, if they be indeliberated, as in children, Into a bush.

Id. As You Like It. who want the use of reason, are not presently free He descends into the solemnity of a pact and coveactions.

Bramhall. nant, and has indented with us. Decay of Piety. The love of God better can consist with the indeli- Trent, who, like some earth-born giant, spreads berate commissions of many sins, than with an allowed


His thirty a

His thirty arms along the indented meads. Milton, persistance in any one. Government of the Tongue.

The serpent then, not with indented wave, INDEL'IBLE, adj. Fr. indelebile ; Lat. in- Prone on ihe ground, as since ; but on his rear delebilis. Not to be blotted out or effaced; not Circular base of rising folds, that towered

Fold above fold, a surging maze! to be annulled.


The margins do not terininate in a straight line, INDEPENDENCY. Under the term Bishop we but are intenteil, each indentation beinz continued in have stated at considerable length the chief ara small ridige, to the indentation that answers it on the guments in favor of the episcopal form of church opposite margin.


government. It will be fair to add a more deThe margins on cach side do not terininate in a Bled veo

tailed statement of the principal arguments of straight line, but are intented.

Id. the ludependents in favor of their plan. In supThe critick to his grief will find

port of it, they observe, that the word Ekki nota, How lirmly these indentures bind. Swift.

translated church, is always used in Scripture to INDEPENDENCE, 1. s.) French inlepon signity either single congregation, or the place INDEPENDENCY, 11, s. (dance ; ill, and where a solo con ration meets Thuth INDEPENDENT, adi.& n. S. ( Latin, dependio. wwwful assembly at Ephesus, brought torther

INDIPE V'DENTLY, adr. Freedom; ex- against Paul by the cratismen, is called Eranoia, emption from control: not dependins; rot :Up- a church. Acts xix. 32, 39, 41. The word, ported by any other; not relying on another; bowever, is generally applied to a more sacred not controlled. It is used with on, of, or from, use; but still it signifies either the body assemthe object; of which on seems most proper, since bling, or the place in which it assembles. The we say to depend on, and consequently depen- whole body of the disciples at Corinth is called dent on; not relatint to any thing else as its the church, and spoken of as coming together superior. Independent, one who holds that into one place. 1 Cor. xiv. 23. The place into every congreration is a complete chureli, subject, which they came to ether has been likewise in religious matters, to no superior authority. thought to be called a church. See 1 Cor. xi. Independently, without reference to other things 18, 20. Wherever there were more congregaor subjects.

tions than one there were likewise more We shall, in our sermons, take occasion to justify churches than one. See 1 Cor. xi. 18. The such passages in our liturgy as have been unjustly whole nation of Israel is indeed called a church, quarrolled at by presbyterians, independents, or other but it was no more than a single congregation: puritan sectariis.

Sanderson. for it had but one place of public worship, viz. Dispose lights and shadows, without finishing every first the tabernacle, and afterwards the temple. thing independently the one of the other. Dryden.

The Catholic church of Christ, his holy nation Since all princes of independent yovernments are in

non in and kingdom, is also a single congregation, hava state of nature, the world never was without men in that state.


ing one place of worship, viz. heaven, where all Creation must needs infer providence, and God's the members assemble by faith and hold commaking the world irrefragably proves that he governs munion; and in which, when they shall all be it ton; or that is being of dependent nature remains fully gathered together, they will in fact be one nevertheless independent upon him in that respect. glorious assembly. Hletind it called the gene

South. ral assembly and church of the first-born, whose Dreamis may give us some idea of the great excel. names are written in heaven, The Independent lency of a human soul, and some intimations of its can find no other description of a church in the independency on inatter.


New Testament; not a trace of a diocese or A very famous independent minister was head of a

presbytery consisting of several congregations all college in those times. I. Spectator. "

The number of The town of St. Gaul is a protestant republick, in- subject to 010 jurisdiction. dependent of the abbot, and under the protection of disciples in Jerusalem was certainly great before the cantons.

Addison. they were dispersed by the persecution; yet The consideration of our understanding, which is they are never mcutioned as forming distinct an incorporeal substance independent from matter; assemblies, but as one assembly meeting with its and the contemplation of our own bodies, which have eders in one place; sometimes in the temple, all the stamps and characters of excellent contrivance; sometimes in Solomon's porch, and sometimes these alone do very easily guide us to the wise Author in an upper room. After the dispersion the of all things.

Bintliy. disciples who ted from Jerusalem, as they couli Let fortune do her worst. w butever she makes us

is no longer asseinble in one place, are never called Jose, as long as she never makes us lose our honenty a church by themselves, or one church, but the and our independence.

Give me, I cried, enough for inc,

churches of Judea, Samarin, and Galilee (dets My bread and independency:

ix. 31, Gal. i. 22). Whence the Independents So lon ht an annual rent or two,

conclude that in Jerusalem the words church And lived just as you see I do.

Id. and congregation were of the same import; and Dail! Independence, fail! Heaven's next best gift if such was the case there, where the respel was To that of life and an immortal soul!

first preached, we may reasonably expect to find

Thomson's Liberty. it so in other places. Thus, when l'aul on bis I praise you much, ye meek and patient pair, journcy calls the elders of the church of Ephesus For ye are worthy; chusing rather far

to Miletus, he speaks to them as the joint overA dry but independent crust, hard carned,

sters of a single congregation. See Acts xx. And raten with a sigh, ihan to endure

28. Had the church at Ephesis consisted of The rugged frowns and insolent rebutis Of hures in officc.


different congregations, united under such a juHe was as independent-ayr, much more

risdiction as that of a modern presbytery, it Than those who were not paid for independence.

e would have been natural to say "Take heed 10

Burund. Don Juan. yourselves, and to the flocks over which the The house of Braganza was placed at the head of Holy Ghost liath made you overseers:' but this an independent monarchy at the instance ined by tie is a way of speaking of which the Independents friendship of Great Britain.

Canning. find not an instanice in the whole Yew Testamenc. The sacred writers, when speaking of all the to tell it to that particular church or congregaChristians in a nation or province, never call tion to which they both belong; and the sentence them the church of such a nation or province, of that assembly, pronounced by its elders, is in but the churches of Galatia (Gal. i. 2), of Mace- a very solemn manner declared to be final, from donia (2 Cor. viii. 1), and of Asia (1 Cor. xvi. which there lies no appeal to any jurisdiction on 10). On the other hand, when speaking of the earth. disciples in a city or town, who might ordinarily With respect to the constituting of elders in assemble in one place, they uniformly call them any church or congregation, the Independent a church; saying the church of Antioch, the reasons as follows. The officers of Christ's apchurch at Corinth, the church of Ephesus, and pointment are either ordinary and permanent in the like.

the church, or they were extraordinary and peIn each of these churches or congregations culiar to the planting of Christianity. The there were elders or presbyters, and deacons; extraordinary officers were employed in laying and in every church there seem to have been the plan of the gospel churches, and in publishmore than one elder, in some many, who‘labored ing the New Testament revelation. Such were in word and doctrine.' Thus we read (Acts xiv. the apostles, the chosen witnesses of our Saviour's 23) of Paul and Barnabas ordaining elders in resurrection; such were the prophets inspired every church; and (Acts xx. 17) of a company by the Holy Ghost for explaining infallibly the of elders in the church of Ephesus, who were ex- Old Testament by the things written in the New; horted to feed the flock, and to take heed to and such were the evangelists, the apostle's mithemselves, and to all the flock over which the nisters. These can be succeeded by none in Holy Ghost had made them overseers :' but of that which was peculiar to them, because their such elders as are to be found in moderr. Pres- work was completed by themselves. But they byterian churches, who neither teach, nor are apt are succeeded in all that was not peculiar to to teach, the Independents find no vestige in the them by elders and deacons, the only two ordiScriptures, nor in the earliest writers of the nary and permanent orders of ministers in the Christian church. The rule or government of church. We have already seen that it belongs this presbytery or eldership in a church is not to the office of the elder to feed the flock of their own, but Christ's. They are not lords over Christ; and the only question to be settled is, God's heritage, nor can they pretend to more how men are ordinarily called to that office; for power over the disciples than the apostles had. about the office of the deacon there is little or no But when the administration of the apostles in dispute. No man now can pretend to be so the church of Jerusalem, and other churches called of God to the ministry of the word as the where they acted as elders, is enquired into by apostles and other inspired elders were, whom he an Independent, it does not appear to him that chose to be the publishers of his revealed truth, they did any thing of common concern to the and to whose mission he bore witness in an exchurch, without the consent of the multitude: traordinary manner. nay, it seems they thought it necessary to judge But what the apostles were to those who had and determine in discipline in presence of the the divine oracles from their mouths, that their whole church (Acts vi 1, 6; xv. 22; 1 Cor. v. writings are to us: and therefore, as no man can 3, 4, 5).

lawfully pretend a call from God to make any Excommunication and absolution were in the addition to those writings, so neither can any power of the church at Corinth, and not of the man pretend to be lawfully called to the ministry elders, as distinguished from the congregation of the word already written, but in the manner (1 Cor. v., 2 Cor. i.) The apostle indeed speaks which that word directs. Now there is nothing of his delivering some unto Satan (1 Tim. i. 20), of which the New Testament speaks more clearly but it is by no means clear that he did it by him- than of the characters of those who should exerself, and not after the manner pointed at, 1 Cor. cise the office of elders in the church, and of the v. 4, 5; even as it does not appear, from his actual exercise of that office. The former are saying, in one epistle, that the gift was given graphically drawn in the epistles to Timothy and unto Timothy by the putting on of his hands, that Titus; and the latter is minutely described in this was not done in the presbytery of a church, Paul's discourse to the Ephesian elders, in as in the other epistle we find it actually was. Peter's exhortation to elders, and our Lord's The trying and judging of false apostles was a commission to those ministers with whom he matter of the first importance: but it was done promised to be always present even unto the end by elders with the flock at Ephesus (Rev. of the world. It is not competent for any man ii. 2; Acts xx. 28—30); which flock did in the or body of men to add to, or diminish from, the days of Ignatius all partake of the Lord's supper, description of a gospel minister given in these and pray together in one place. Even the places, so as to insist upon the necessity of any power of binding and loosing, or the power of the qualification which is not there mentioned, or to keys, as it has been called, was by our Saviour dispense with any qualification as needless which conferred not upon a particular order of disci- is there required. Neither has Jesus Christ, the ples, but upon the church. See Matt. xviii. 15, only legislator to the church, given to any mi16, 17, 18. It is not said, if he shall neglect to nisters or people any power or right whatsoever hear the one or two, tell it to the elders of the to call, send, elect, or ordain, to that office, any church; far less can it be meant that the offend- person who is not qualified according to the deed person should tell the cause of his offence to scription given in his law. Let a man have all the disciples in a presbytery or diocese con- hands laid upon him by such as could prove an sisting of many congregations : but he is required uninterrupted descent by imposition of hands

Vol. XI.

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