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condition, and less upon the dark side ; and to consider 3 what I enjoyed, rather than what I wanted ; and this gave

me sometimes such secret comforts, that I cannot express them; and which I take notice of here, to put those discontented people in mind of it, who cannot comfortably enjoy what God has given them, because they see and covet

something that he has not given them. All our discontents 4 about what we want, appear to me to spring from the want of thankfulness for what we have.

Defoe.

SEC. IX.

IN WHAT PHILOSOPHY CONSISTS.

Philosophy consists not
In airy schemes, or idle speculations ;
1 But the rule and conduct of all social life

Is her great province. Not in lone cells

Obscure she lurks, but holds her heavenly light 2 To senates and to kings, to guide their counsels,

And teach them to reform and bless mankind.

All policy but hers, is false and rotten :
3 All valor not conducted by her precepts,

Is a destroying fury sent from hell,
To plague unhappy man, and ruin nations. Thomson.

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Swans sing before they die : 'twere no bad thing,
Should certain persons die before they sing. Dodd.

SEC. XI. A FATHER'S ADVICE TO HIS SON. 1 “ Philosophy, Daniel, is of two kinds : that which re

lates to conduct, and that which relates to knowledge. The 2 first teaches us to value all things at their real worth : to

be contented with little : modest in prosperity : patient in 3 trouble: equal-minded at all times. It teaches us our duty 4 to our neighbor, and ourselves. It is that wisdom of which 5 king Solomon speaks in our rhyme-book. Reach me the

volume." 6 Then turning to the passage in his favorite Du Bartas, he

read these lines :
7 She is God's own mirror : she's a light whose glance

Springs from the lightning of his countenance.
She's mildest heaven's most sacred influence :

8 Never decays her beauties' excellence,

Aye* like herself; and she doth always trace

Not only the same path, but the same pace. 9 Without her, honor, health and wealth, would prove

Three poisons to me. Wisdom from above 10 Is the only moderatrix, spring and guide,

Organ and honor, of all gifts beside. 11 He read this with a solemnity that gave weight to every word. Then closing the book, after a short

pause,

he

proceeded in a lower tone :

“ The philosophers of whom you have read in the dic. 12 tionary, possessed this wisdom only in part, because they

were heathens; and therefore could see no further than the

light of mere reason could show the way. The fear of the 13 Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and they had not that to

begin with : so the thoughts which ought to have made them

humble, produced pride ; and so their wisdom proved but 14 folly. The humblest Christian who learns his duty and

performs it as well as he can, is wiser than they. He does 15 nothing to be seen of men, and that was their motive for

most of their actions. 16 “ Now for the philosophy which relates to knowledge.

Knowledge is a brave thing ; (I am a plain, ignorant, untaught man, and know my ignorance ;) but it is a brave thing when we look around us in this wonderful world, to

understand something of what we see: to know something 17 of the earth on which we move, the air which we breathe,

and the elements whereof we are made : to comprehend the motions of the moon and stars, and measure the distances between them, and compute times and seasons : to observe the laws which sustain the universe, by keeping all things in their courses : to search into the mysteries of nature, and discover the hidden virtue of plants and stones, and read the signs and tokens which are shown us, and make out the meaning of hidden things, and apply all this to the benefit of our fellow-creatures.

“ Wisdom and knowledge, Daniel, make the difference 18 between man and man; and that between man and beast is

hardly greater. 19 “These things do not always go together. There may 20 be wisdom without knowledge, and there may be knowledge

without wisdom. A man without knowledge, if he walk 21 humbly with his God, and live in charity with his neigh

bors, may be wise unto sal-ation. A man without wisdom

« Ever.

22 may not find his knowledge avail him quite so well; but it

is he who possesses both that is the true philosopher. The

more he knows, the more he is desirous of knowing ; and 23 yet the farther he advances in knowledge, the better he

understands how little he can attain, and the more deeply

he feels that God alone can satisfy the infinite desires of 24 an immortal soul. To understand this, is the height and perfection of philosophy.”

Then opening the Bible which lay before him, he read these verses from the Proverbs :

My son, if thou wilt receive my words, so that thou incline thine ear unto wisdom, and apply thine heart unto understanding ; yea, if thou criest after knowledge, and

liftest up thy voice for understanding ; if thou seekest after 25 her as silver, and searchest for her as for hid treasures;

then shalt thou understand the fear of the Lord, and find the knowledge of God; for the Lord giveth wisdom : out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding : he layeth up sound wisdom for the righteous : he is a buckler to them that walk uprightly : he keepeth the paths of judgment, and preserveth the way of his saints: then shalt thou understand righteousness, judgment and equity ; yea, every good path.

- When wisdom entereth into thine heart, and knowledge 26 is pleasant unto thy soul ; discretion shall preserve thee,

understanding shall keep thee, to deliver thee from the way

of evil.” 27 “ Daniel, my son,” after a pause he pursued, " thou art

a diligent and good lad. God hath given thee a tender and 28 dutiful heart; keep it so, and it will be a wise one ; for

thou hast the beginning of wisdom. I wish thee to pur29 sue knowledge, because in pursuing it, happiness will be found in the way.

If I have said any thing now which is 30 above thy years, it will come to mind in after time, when I 31 am gone, perhaps, but when thou mayest profit by it. God

bless thee, my child !" 32 He stretched out his right hand at these words, and laid

it gently upon the boy's head. What he said was not for33 gotten; and throughout life, the son never thought of that

blessing without feeling that it had taken effect. Southey.

Sentence 13th.—The first part of this sentence is a comp. decl. single compact of the third form: correlative words, though-yet. Sent. 20th.—The same, with correl. words, as-s0. Sentence 23d.-The

parts of this sentence the same, with correlative words, when then. Sentence 28th.—The second part of this, the same, with correlative words, if-then. Sentence 30th.--A mixed sentence.

SEC. XII.

SYMPATHY WITH FRANCE AND BONAPARTE IMPUTED

TO THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT.

Were ever a body of men so abanıloned in the hour of 1 need, as the American cabinet, in this instance, by Bona

parte ? was ever any body of men so cruelly wounded in the 2 house of their friend? This, this was “the unkindest cut 3 of all.” But how was it received by the American cabi

net ? Surely they were indignant at this treatment ? surely 4 the air rings with reproaches upon a man, who has thus

made them stake their reputation upon a falsehood, and then

gives little less than the lie direct to their assertion ? No, 5 sir, nothing of all this is heard from our cabinet; there is a

philosophic tameness that would be remarkable, if it were not, in all cases affecting Bonaparte, characteristic. All the Executive of the United States has found it in his heart to say in relation to this last decree of Bonaparte, which contradicts his previous allegations and asseverations, is, that “this proceeding is rendered, by the time and manner of it, liable to objections !"

Quincy. Sentence 4th.-A compound indirect interrogative perfect loose, in two parts : the first simple indirect, and the second compact single, third form: whenthen, correlative words. Sentence 5th.- A compound declarative double compact. No is followed by its equivalent. The first and third propositions only are expressed.

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SEC. XIII.

A VEHEMENT ATTACK ON THE ALIEN AND

SEDITION LAW.

But, as if this were not enough, the unfortunate victims 1 of this law are told, in the next place, that, if they can convince the President that his suspicions are unfounded, he may, if he pleases, give them a license to stay. But how

can they remove his suspicions, when they know not on 2 what act they were founded ? how take proof to convince

him, when he is not bound to furnish that on which he pro3 ceeds? Miserable mockery of justice! Appoint an arbi4 trary judge, armed with legislative, and executive powers

added to his own; let him condemn the unheard, the unaccused object of his suspicions; and then, to cover the injustice of the scene, gravely tell him, “ You ought not to complain ; you need only disprove facts you never heard ; remove suspicions that have never been communicated to you; it will be easy to convince your judge, whom you

shall not approach, that he is tyrannical and unjust; and when you have done this, we give him the power, he had before wo pardon you, if he pleases !"

Edw. Livingston.

Senten:e 4th.-As a whole, a inixed sentence: a compound declarative single compact, third form: correlative words, whenthen, in the portion preceding the quotation : then begins another single compact with correlative words, thereforebecause ; which introduces a third, with correlative words, as-so: the whole linked thus : " when you appoint-then gravely tell him, therefore you ought not, because, as you need-s0 it will be easy,” &c. The second part of this last compact is perfect loose, and concludes with the single compact: correlative words, whenthen.

SEC. XIV.

A LEGITIMATE BRITISH INFLUENCE.

In what school did the worthies of our land, the Wash1 ingtons, Henrys, Hancocks, Franklins, Rutledges of Ame

rica learn those principles of civil liberty, which were so

nobly asserted by their wisdom and valor ? American re2 sistance to British usurpation has not been more warmly

cherished by these great men and their compatriots, not more by Washington, Hancock and Henry, than by Chat

ham and his illustrious associates in the British parliament. 3 It ought to be remembered, too, that the heart of the Eng

lish people was with us. It was a selfish and corrupt min4 istry, and their servile tools, to whom we were not more

opposed than they were. I trust that none such may ever 5 exist among us; for tools will never be wanting to sub

serve the purposes, however ruinous or wicked, of kings and ministers of state. I acknowledge the influence of a

Shakespeare and a Milton upon my imagination : of a 6 Locke upon my understanding : of a Sidney upon my po

litical principles : of a Chatham upon qualities, which, would to God, I possessed in common with that illustrious

man! of a Tillotson, a Sherlock, and a Porteus, upon my 7 religion. This is a British influence I can never shake off.

Randolph.

SEC. XV.

THE STATES A BARRIER TO CONSOLIDATION.

1 There are certain social principles in human nature,

from which we may draw the most solid conclusions, with

respect to the conduct of individuals and communities. We 2 love our families more than our neighbors : we love our

neighbors more than our countrymen in general. The hu3 man affections, like the solar heat, lose their intensity, as

they depart from the centre, and become languid, in proportion to the expansion of the circle, on which they act.

On these principles, the attachment of the individual wil: 4 be first and forever secured by the state governments : they will be a mutual protection and support.

Hamilton.

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