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As brings a thousand-fold more care to keep,
Q.Mar. My lord, cheer up your spirits; our foes are
K. Hen. Edward Plantagenet, arise a knight ;
Prince. My gracious father, by your kingly leave,
Enter a Messenger.
Clif. I would, your highness would depart the field ;
Q. Mar. Ay, good my lord, and leave us to our fortune.
Prince. My royal father, cheer these noble lords,
WICK, NORFOLK, MONTAGUE, and Soldiers.
Q.Mar. Go, rate thy minions, proud insulting boy!
Edw. I am his king, and he should bow his knee ;
Have caus’d him, by new act of parliament,
Clif. And reason too ;
Rich. Are you there, butcher ?-0, I cannot speak !
Clif. Ay, crook-back ; here I stand, to answer thee, Or any he the proudest of thy sort.
Rich. 'Twas you that kill'd young Rutland, was it not?
crown? Q.Mar. Why, how now, long-tongu'd Warwick ?
dare you speak ?
War. Then 'twas my turn to fly, and now 'tis thine.
thence. North. No, nor your manhood, that durst make you
Clif. I slew thy father: Call'st thou him a child ?
Rich. Ay, like a dastard, and a treacherous coward, As thou didst kill our tender brother Rutland ; But, ere sun-set, I'll make thee curse the deed. K.Hen. Have done with words, my lords, and hear
me speak. Q.Mar. Defy them then, or else hold close thy lips.
K.Hen. I prythee, give no limits to my tongue ; I am a king, and privileg'd to speak.
Clif. My liege, the wound, that bred this meeting here, Cannot be cur'd by words ; therefore be still.
Rich. Then, executioner, unsheath thy sword :
Edw. Say, Henry, shall I have my right, or no?
War. If thou deny, their blood upon thy head ;  It is my firm persuasion; I am no longer in doubt. JOHNS:
20 VOL, V.
For York in justice puts his armour on.
Prince. If that be right, which Warwick says is right, There is no wrong, but every thing is right.
Rich. Whoever got thee, there thy mother stands ;
Q.Mar. But thou art neither like thy sire, nor dam ;
Rich. Iron of Naples, hid with English gilt,
Edw. A wisp'of straw were worth a thousand crowns,
Geo. But, when we saw our sunshine made thy spring,
 “A stigmatic," says J. Bullokar in his English Expositor, 1616, “is a notorious lewd fellow, which hath been burnt with a hot iron, or beareth other marks about him as a token of his punishment." STEEV.
 A channel, in our author's time, signified what we now call a kere nel. STEEV.Kennel is still pronounced channel in the North
RITSON. (9) To show thy meanness of birth by the indecency of language with which thou railest at my deformity. JOHNS.
 I believe that a wisp signified some instrument of correction used in the time of Shakspeare. STEEV.
(2] Callet, is a lewd woman, a drab, perhaps so called from the French calote, which was a sort of head-dress worn by country girls. GREY.
(3) i.e. a cuckold. STEEV.
And that thy summer bred us no increase,
Edw. And, in this resolution, I defy thee;
Q.Mar. Stay, Edward.
Èdw. No, wrangling woman; we'll no longer stay : These words will cost ten thousand lives to-day.[Exeunt.
Alarums : Excursions. Enter WARWICK.
 When we saw that by favouring thee we made thee grow in fortone, but that we received no advantage from thy fortune Aourishing by our fa. vour, we then resolved to destroy thee, and determined to try sonie other means, though our first efforts have failed.
JOHNS. 15] We should read near Towton. Shakspeare has here, perhaps, intentionally thrown three aifferent actions into one. The Lord Fitzwater, be. ing stationed by King Edward, to defend the pass of Ferrybridge, was assaulted by the Lord Clifford, and immediately slain, “and with hym” says Hall the bastard of Salisbury, brother to the earl of Warwycke, a valeaunt young gentleman, and of great audacitie. When the earl of Warwicke," adds he, “was informed of this feate, he lyke a man desperated, mounted on his hackeney, and came blowing to kynge Edwarde, saiyng : Syr, I praye God have mercy of their soules, which in the beginning of your enterprise bath Jost their lyfes, and because I se no succors of the world, I remit the vengeance and punishment to God our creator and Redeemer ; and with that lighied doune, and slewe his horse with his swourde, saiyog: let them Aye that wyl, for surely I wil tarye with him thit wil tarye with me, and kissed the crosse of his swourde." Clifford, in his retreat, was beset with a party of Yorkists, when “ eyther,” says the historian, "for heat or payne, putting of his gorget, sodainly with an arrowe (as some say) without an hedde (he) was striken into the throte, and incontinent rendered his spirite, and the erle of Westmerlandes brother, and almost all his company were thare slayn, at a place called Dinting dale, not farr fro Tow ton.” In the af. ternoon of the next day (Palm Sunday eve 146!) on a plain field between Towton and Saxton, joined the main battles which continued engaged that night, and the greater part of the following day : upwards of 30,000 men, all English (including many of the nobility and the flower of the gentry, especially of the northern parts) being slain on both sides. This battle, says Carte, “decided the fate of the house of Lancaster, overturning in one day
Enter EDWARD, running.
Edw. Bootless is fight, they follow us with wings; And weak we are, and cannot shun pursuit.
Enter RICHARD. Rich. Ah, Warwick,why hast thou withdrawn thyself? Thy brother's blood the thirsty earth hath drunk, Broach'd with the steely point of Clifford's lance: And, in the very pangs of death, he cry'd,Like to a dismal clangor heard from far,Warwick, revenge ! brother, revenge my death So underneath the belly of their steeds, That stain'd their fetlocks in his smoaking blood, The noble gentleman gave up the ghost.
War. Then let the earth be drunken with our blood :
Edw. O Warwick, I do bend my knee with thine ;
an usurpation strengthened by sixty-two years continuance, and established Edward on the throne of England.” RITSON.
The royal army consisted, according to Hall, of about forty thoạ. sand men, and the young duke of York's forces were 48,760. In this combut which lasted fifteen hours, and in the actions of the two following days, thirty-six thousand seven hundred and seventy six persons are said to have been killed, the greater part of whom were undoubtedly Lancastrians. The total number of persons who fell in the contest between the houses of York and Lancaster, was ninety-one thousand and twenty-six. MAL.