Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy: Basic Aspects and Practical Applications

Capa
Springer Science & Business Media, 04/12/2003 - 580 páginas

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy is a wide-ranging review of modern spectroscopic techniques such as X-ray, photoelectron, optical and laser spectroscopy, and radiofrequency and microwave techniques. On the fundamental side it focuses on physical principles and the impact of spectroscopy on our understanding of the building blocks of matter, while in the area of applications particular attention is given to those in chemical analysis, photochemistry, surface characterisation, environmental and medical diagnostics, remote sensing and astrophyscis. The Fourth Edition also provides the reader with an update on laser cooling and trapping, Bose-Einstein condensation, ultra-fast spectroscopy, high-power laser/matter interaction, satellite-based astronomy and spectroscopic aspects of laser medicine. Important references are also brought up to date.

 

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Índice

1 Introduction
xvii
2 Atomic Structure
1
22 Alkali Atoms
3
23 Magnetic Effects
4
232 SpinOrbit Interaction
5
24 General ManyElectron Systems
6
25 The Influence of External Fields
13
251 Magnetic Fields
14
73 Radio Astronomy
216
Lasers
221
82 Coherence
224
83 Resonators and Mode Structure
225
84 FixedFrequency Lasers
230
842 FourLevel Lasers
232
843 Pulsed Gas Lasers
235
844 The HeNe Laser
237

252 Electric Fields
17
26 Hyperfine Structure
19
262 Electric Hyperfine Structure
21
27 The Influence of External Fields hfs
22
28 Isotopic Shifts
25
3 Molecular Structure
27
31 Electronic Levels
28
32 Rotational Energy
31
33 Vibrational Energy
32
34 Polyatomic Molecules
33
35 Clusters
35
36 Other Molecular Structures
36
4 Radiation and Scattering Processes
37
42 Spectra Generated by Dipole Transitions
47
421 Atoms
48
422 Molecules
51
43 Rayleigh and Raman Scattering
57
44 Raman Spectra
59
442 Rotational Raman Spectra
60
45 Mie Scattering
61
46 Atmospheric Scattering Phenomena
62
47 Comparison Between Different Radiation and Scattering Processes
65
48 CollisionInduced Processes
66
Spectroscopy of Inner Electrons
67
511 XRay Emission Spectroscopy
69
512 XRay Absorption Spectroscopy
75
513 XRay Imaging Applications
78
52 Photoelectron Spectroscopy
81
521 XPS Techniques and Results
83
522 Chemical Shifts
86
53 Auger Electron Spectroscopy
91
Optical Spectroscopy
93
611 Line Light Sources
94
612 Continuum Light Sources
102
613 Synchrotron Radiation
104
614 Natural Radiation Sources
109
62 Spectral Resolution Instruments
110
622 Grating Spectrometers
113
623 The Fabry Perot Interferometer
117
624 The Fourier Transform Spectrometer
122
63 Detectors
124
64 Optical Components and Materials
130
642 Absorption Filters
134
643 Polarizers
137
644 Optical Materials
139
645 Influence of the Transmission Medium
140
65 Optical Methods of Chemical Analysis
144
651 The BeerLambert Law
145
652 Atomic AbsorptionEmission Spectrophotometry
147
653 Burners Flames Sample Preparation and Measurements
151
654 Modified Methods of Atomization
152
655 MultiElement Analysis
153
656 Molecular Spectrophotometry
154
657 Raman Spectroscopy
156
66 Optical Remote Sensing
158
661 Atmospheric Monitoring with Passive Techniques
160
662 Land and Water Measurements with Passive Techniques
167
67 Astrophysical Spectroscopy
172
RadioFrequency Spectroscopy
183
712 AtomicBeam Magnetic Resonance
185
713 Optical Pumping
191
714 Optical Double Resonance
194
715 LevelCrossing Spectroscopy
197
716 Resonance Methods for Liquids and Solids
203
72 Microwave Radiometry
212
845 Gaseous Ion Lasers
238
85 Tunable Lasers
240
852 ColourCentre Lasers
249
853 Tunable SolidState Lasers
250
854 Tunable CO2 Lasers
251
855 Semiconductor Lasers
253
86 Nonlinear Optical Phenomena
256
87 Ultrashort and UltrahighPower Laser Pulse Generation
270
872 Generation of Ultrahigh Power Pulses
276
Laser Spectroscopy
281
913 Excitation Methods
283
914 Detection Methods
284
92 DopplerLimited Techniques
288
923 Absorption Measurements on Excited States
291
925 TwoPhoton Absorption Measurements
293
926 OptoGalvanic Spectroscopy
295
927 SingleAtom and SingleMolecule Detection
298
and LevelCrossing Experiments with Laser Excitation
300
94 TimeResolved Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy
305
941 Generation of Short Optical Pulses
306
943 Background to Lifetime Measurements
312
944 Survey of Methods of Measurement for Radiative Properties
313
945 QuantumBeat Spectroscopy
319
95 Ultrafast Spectroscopy
325
951 Ultrafast Measurement Techniques
326
952 Molecular Reaction Dynamics Femtochemistry
330
953 Coherent Control
332
96 HighPower Laser Experiments
333
961 Above Threshold lonization ATI
334
962 High Harmonic Generation
336
963 XRay Laser Pumping
341
964 Broadband XRay Generation
342
965 Relativistic Effects and Laser Accelerators
345
971 Spectroscopy on Collimated Atomic and Ionic Beams
346
972 Saturation Spectroscopy and Related Techniques
353
973 DopplerFree TwoPhoton Absorption
362
98 Cooling and Trapping of Ions and Atoms
368
982 Ion Traps
370
983 Basic Laser Cooling in Traps
371
984 Trapped Ion Spectroscopy
373
986 SubRecoil Cooling
376
987 Atom Optics
378
989 Ultracold Fermionic Gases
381
LaserSpectroscopic Applications
383
1012 LaserInduced Fluorescence and Related Techniques
386
1013 Raman Spectroscopy
392
1015 Velocity Measurements
397
102 Laser Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere
400
1021 Optical Heterodyne Detection
401
1022 LongPath Absorption Techniques
402
1023 Lidar Techniques
408
and Raman Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids
419
1031 Hydrospheric Remote Sensing
420
1032 Vegetation Monitoring
423
1033 Monitoring of Surface Layers
424
104 LaserInduced Chemical Processes
429
1042 Laser Isotope Separation
430
105 Spectroscopic Aspects of Lasers in Medicine
435
1052 Photodynamic Tumour Therapy
437
1054 Scattering Spectroscopy and Tissue Transillumination
448
Questions and Exercises
455
References
467
Index
569
Direitos de autor

Outras edições - Ver tudo

Palavras e frases frequentes

Passagens conhecidas

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Página 505 - Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,
Página 544 - DG Fried, TC Killian, L. Willmann, D. Landhuis. SC Moss. D. Kleppner. and TJ Greytak, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3811 (1998).
Página 567 - Laser Doppler perfusion imaging by dynamic light scattering", IEEE Trans.
Página 536 - Th. Udem, SA Diddams, KR Vogel, CW Gates, EA Curtis, WD Lee, WM Itano, RE Drullinger, JC Bergquist, and L, Hollberg, "Absolute Frequency Measurements of the Hg* and '"Ca Optical Clock Transitions with a Femtosecond Laser", Phys.
Página 563 - Rapid near-infrared Raman spectroscopy of human tissue with a spectrograph and CCD detector,
Página 518 - Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,

Referências a este livro

Acerca do autor (2003)

Sune Svanberg is a professor of physics and head of the Atomic Physics Division of the Lund Institute of Technology. He is also the director of the multi-disciplinary Lund Laser Centre at the Lund University. He has extensive research experience in radiofrequency, optical and laser spectroscopy, and in the use of lasers in combustion diagnostics, environmental monitoring, and medical diagnostics and treatment, and is thus in good position to cover the vast scope of the book. Sune Svanberg has coauthored almost 500 papers and trained a large number or undergraduates and graduates in basic and applied atomic and molecular spectroscopy. He served extensively in international organisations and scientific advisory committees. He is a member of five academies and holds three honorary doctor degrees.

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