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and in that year a Fourth Book of The Dunciad was published separately*.

You by whose care, in vain decry'd and curst,

Still Dunce the second reigns like Dunce the first." To account for the change (or rather to disguise it) the Annotator thus comments, and signs the note“ Bentley.”

“ It was expressly confessed in the Preface to the first Edition, that this poem was not published by the Author himself. It was printed originally in a foreign country. And what foreign country? Why, one notorious for blunders; where, finding blanks only instead of proper names, these blunderers filled them up at their pleasure. The very Hero of the Poem hath been mistaken to this hour; so that we are obliged to open our Notes with a discovery who he really was. We learn from the former Editor, that this Piece was presented by the hands of Sir Robert Walpole to King George II. Now the Author directly tells us, his Hero is the man

who brings The Smithfield Muses to the ear of Kings. And it is notorious who was the person on whom this Prinee conferred the honour of the Laurel.-It appears as plainly, from the Apostrophe to the Great in the third verse, ihat Tibbald could not be the person, who was never an Author in fashion, or caressed by the Great ; whereas this single characteristic is sufficient to point out the true Hero ; who, above all other Poets of his time, was the Peculiar Delight and Chosen Companion of the Nobility of England; and wrote, as he himself tells us, many of his Works at the earnest desire of Persons of Quality. Lastly, The sixth verse affords full proof; this Poet being the only one who was universally known to have had a Son so exactly like him, in his poetical, theatrical, political, and moral capacities, that it could justly be said of him, Still Dunce the second reign'd like Dunce the first. Bentley."

This alteration of the Hero produced a very spirited Letter from Mr. Cibber to Mr. Pope, inquiring into the Motives that might induce him in his Satirical Works to be so frequently fond of Mr. Cibler's Name," dated July 7, 1712; and it was followed, in August, by, 1.“A Letter to Mr. Cilber, on his Letter to Mr. Pope;" 2. “Homer preserved by Colley's brazen Face; or, the Twickenham Squire laid by the Heels ;" 3. " A Blast upon Bayes; or, a new Lirk at the Laureat;" 4.“ Blast upon Blast; or, a new Lesson for Mr. Pope.”

*“ We apprehend it can be deemed no injury to the Author of the Three first Books of The Dunciad, that we publish this Fourth. It was found merely by accident, in taking a survey of the Library of a late eminent Nobleman ; but in so blotred a condition, and in so many deiached pieces, as plainly shewed it to be not only incorrect, but unfinished. That the Author of the Three first Books had a design to extend and complete his Poem in this manner, appears from the Dissertation prefixed to it, where it is said, that the design is more extensive, and that we may

Dissertations on the Poem and the Hero, and Notes Variorum. Published by Mr. Warburton *."

To this Edition is prefixed a Frontispiece (designed by N. Blakey, and engraved by C. Grignion), exhibiting the LAURELED Cubber seated on a Throne; and at the bottom the motto from The Dunciad.

“All my Commands are easy, short, and full:

My Sons! be proud, be selfish, and be dull.” “In verity (saith Scriblerus) a very bungling trick. How much better might our worthy Brethren of Grub-street be taught (as in many things they have already been) by the modern professors of Modern Theology, who, when they make free with their neighbour's property, seize upon his good works rather than his good name; as knowing that those will produce a name of their own ; so that, while the Poetaster gives his works in another man's name, the Theologaster more wisely gives his name to another man's Works. Thus Waterland transferred the reasoning and learning of Bishop Bull into his Defences of the Orthodox Faith : And Jackson, inferior to his adversary both in sense and letters, went beyond him in this, that he took to himself the entire Answers of Dr. Clarke ; and by that means gained, what he only aimed at, the reputation of the better disputant -- with the goo! faith, and, I make no doubt, with the same self-complacency of that illustrious seller of brooms, who, when a neighbour of the trade told him · he was under some surprize at his afurding brooms cheaper than himself; for, to tell you a secret, brother, says he, ' I steul my materials,' replied, 'Go, you fool, I can tell you a greater; I steal mine ready made.'

Leaden Gilbert, Book IV. of 1749, 608, was softened in 1731 into leaden G--;" and the following note withdrawn: “A reflection upon the Age the Goddess had just then restoreri, not on the Person to whom the agnomen is given, according to the sublime custom of the Easterns, in calling new-born Princes after some great and recent event."

* Who says, in an Advertisement, “This Edition of The Dayciad is published for the same reason that the Editor, some time ago, published the Essay on Man, to prevent surreptitious and pirated Editions, to the injury both of the Proprietor and the Purchaser. As these two Works are, in their several kinds, complete, and independent on any other, they will (for the purpose above-mentioned) be always separately continued in sale." -" There is a little Edition of The Dunciad published for the inarket. I did not think it worth sending to you, because there is a better in reserve, which I intended for you. In this there is a noted Dunce or two that came in my way. But I shall have one general reckoning with them (which I hope you will not Think unsuitable to my character), and then adieu to the Dunces for ever." Letter to Mi, Murd, Feb. 10, 1749-50.


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LETTERS to Dr. STUKELEY, from the Marquis of

LINDSEY, Lord Harley, the Earls of WINCHELSEA, HARTFORD, PEMBROKE, Oxford, Derby, and WESTMORELAND, Abp. WAKE, and the Duke of MONTAGU *.

London, Aug: 7, 1715. “I find by yours that you have now finished the draught of the Church and Steeple at Boston t, which you design to dedicate to me. If you please to send your Engraver to me, he may see my Arms, and receive what directions you


proper. “I am your humble servant,


Wimpole, Nov. 21, 1721. " I received a Letter from you of November 16, in which you desire I would allow Mr. Wanley to stay in town till the Election for a Secretary to the Royal Society be overg. I have wrote to Mr. Wanley this post, to let him know that, if he pleases, I give my consent very freely for his staying in town. i heartily wish you success in your undertaking; and am, Sir, " Your humble servant,


Eastwell, Oct. 20, 1722. Nothing could so much atone for your leaving us so soon, as letting me hear from you. I was extremely pleased to learn, by your very obliging, entertaining, and instructive Letter, thai, after a long penance here, by what you saw and observed in your way, the journey inust have been very agreeable to you; and that you are, after all your toils, arrived in good health, and are in safe harbour before the rough season of the year comes in, and where I hope very soon to wait on you. I set out from hence next Tuesday; shall dig for urns, &c. next day, and view the Kit-Coty-house ; which, by the help of your observations, I shall see to much greater advantage than I could otherwise have done. Your account of it seems very just, and, I am sure, is very ella rious. I am glad you have prevailed with Mr. Taylor to let a section be made in this grave; perhaps I shall get it done, but I doubt whether it can well be while I am present, for want of time. I am glad you think this work strengthens my conjectures concerning Julabury's grave. You encourage me to study that matter a little farther; and your learned and very judicious Letter, with the observations you made in your way from Dover to Eastwell, give me great light. I will certainly, as you desire, bring you some of the stones out of Todingden Brook. -I much fear my time will not allow me to see the Roman Durolenur, unless it falls in my coach-way to Bursted. I should enlarge a great deal upon your Letter if I did not hope to see you so soon, when we can discourse upon these things at large.

* For the greater part of this Correspondence, I am indebted to the Rev. J. F. St. Jobn (see before, p. 1).--The other Letters are transcribed from the Originals in the British Museum.

+ A good South View of Boston Church was drawn and published by Dr. Stukeley; who dedicated the Plate to “Peregrine Marquis of Lindsey, and Lord Willoughby of Eresby, eldest son of Robert first Duke of Ancaster," with a brief history of in annexed. A smaller View is inserted in bis Itinerarium Curiosum, Plate XIX.

Peregrine Bertie, afterwards second Duke of Ancaster, and Lord Great Chamberlain. He died in January 1741.

$ The vacancy was occasioned by the resignation of Dr. Edward Halley. Dr. James Jurin was the successful Candidace. 11 Edward Lord Harley, afterwards second Earl of Oxford ; see p. 785. VOL, II. 3 D


“I received a Letter last post from my Lord Hartford *, who is a great lover of Antiquities; he sent me a design of a fine Tesselated Pavement found in a church-yard at Gloucester. It seems to be very curious, but perhaps you have seen it. I have promised my Lord your acquaintance, and you will not let me break my word with him. Mr. and Mrs. Smith present their humble services to you; and I ani, Sir, your much obliged and most humble servant,


Dec. 27, 1799. “ I supped last night with my Lord Hartford, who has not yet recovered strengih enough to go this week to Hounslow, but will be very glad to go with you the next. I am commissioned in the mean time, with his humble service to you, to desire your company at dinner with him to-morrow, which day he chuses, because he is to be at home all day, and, being in waiting #, he cannot so well fix any other. If you have no engagement that interferes with this, I will call upon you to-morrow morning, that we may go together. You will much oblige my Lord, if you will carry with you a book of your drawings, and the book in which we write our names and mottos ; and, if you have e'er a ring left, I believe it will not be unwelcome.

“ Pray faroor me with a line or two, and you will oblige, Sir, your affectionate brother and humble servant, WINCHILSEA." “ SIR,

April 17, 1723. “ If this finds you well enough to endure a coach, I shall send you mine to-morrow morning by eight o'clock, or soon after, to bring you to Lord Hartford's, from whence his coach will carry us with his Lordship to Hounslow. We go so early, that we may be returned hy three o'clock in the afternoon, and dine in Doverstreet. My Lord depends upon your going, if it may be without prejudice to you. He presents his humble service to you.

“Pray let me know by the bearer whether you are well enough to go upon this expedition.-I am, Sir, your very affectionate brother, and most humble servant,


Reading, May 9, 1723. Though I could not see you before my departure, I will write from hence, to let you know that in my way hither I hare

* Algernon Seyinour, son of Charles sixth Duke of Somerset. On the death of bis father in 1748 he became the seventh Duke, and died in 1750.

Lord Hartford was in the year 1724 elected President of the Society of Antiquaries; and the Earl of Wincbilsea a Vice-President.

+ Daniel Fineh, fifth Earl of Winchilsea (so the noble Earl uniformly spelt his name). He died in 1726 ; see p.783. As Lord of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales, afterwards Geo. II.


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gone through our Camp on the Heath. I was drove into it in my chaise, and all over it; and am with a great deal of pleasure satisfied (if possible) more than I was before, of its great antiquity, and of its being a Roman Camp. I will not trouble you with farther particulars, more than that I find it is almost a mile beyond a turnpike, which is two miles from Hounslow; riz. the Camp is thirteen miles from London. These are but trivial ubservations; yet, if I had passed by the Camp without going up to it (as I shall always do when I can) my conscience would have flown in my face the next time you and I had met.--I hope to be in town next Wednesday ; soon after which I shall wait on you; and, I believe, Lord Hartford (who will send you this) will be at liberty to go with us to our Antiquarian Society.- I am, Sir, your affectionate brother and humble servant, WinChilsen."

May 24, 1723. “I am very sorry to tell you, that, after your having given yourself so much trouble in setting our meeting for next Monday, a delay of a few days is yet requested ; for Lord Hartford desired me last night to let you know that the King has appointed the Opera to be on that day; and, if he goes to it, my Lord, who is in waiting, will be obliged to attend him, and therefore cannot engage to meet us next Monday ; but, if the Wednesday after will be as convenient to you and the rest of our brethren, he will not fail us that evening, or any other except Thursday, when I believe he will attend the King as far as Greenwich. My Lord is much concerned, that, from this accident, you will have the trouble of sending to stop our friends coming on the day appointed, and engaging them for the new day.

“Lord Hartford sends you his service, and I'am, Sir, your very affectionate brother and humble servant, WINCHILSEA.

from Cunetio, “ Dear BrotHER, AND VENERABLE DRUID,

July 12, 1723. “I prevent our Brother Segonax's* writing; but, with his compliments, I must pay his thanks for your Letter, and design of the famous camp on Oldbury Hill, with your description of it: I have put a copy of your drawing into Journal.

“ I have a favour to desire of you, if you have an opportunity of sending me a Letter, and time to write it before we leave this place, which will be on Tuesday next. I would desire of you to draw me the two Circles ; one, the great one which surrounds the village of Abury; the other, the outward level of the Temple of Earth at Overton Hill, without any of the other Circles; and these only scratched out without compasses, or any measure, in single lines, with the avenues which go both ways, and these each with a single line (without any mark of the stones). I desire this because I cannot perfectly recollect how they lie to the grand work; particularly, how that runs which goes to Beckhampton. -Excuse this trouble.--I have services from Lady Hartford, and all friends here, to send you. We all wish, if you cannot come

* Lord Hartford's Druidical name; Lord Winchilsea assumed that of Cyngetorir; and Dr. Stukeley was styled Chyndonar.

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