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“derours up all the fry it finds.”

All's well that ends well, act iv. sc. 3. “Enough to stifle such a villain up."

king John, act iv. sc. 3. To fright the animals, and to kill them up,&c.

As you like it, act ii. sc. 1. “ " As true as Troilus' shall crown up the verse," &c.

Troilus and Cressida, act iii. sc. 2.
So too other early writers ;

Jove, that thou shouldst not haste, but wait his leisure,
Made two nights one, to finish up his pleasure.”

Marlowe's Orid's Elegies, B. i. El. xiii.,

Works, p. 323, ed. Dyce, 1858.
“ Wretched lëmpsar, having quaffed up
The brim and bottome of the Stygian cup," &c.

Sylvester's transl. of Fracastorius's Joseph, apud

Du Bartas's Works, &c. p. 417, ed. 1641. “My teares, like precious jewels, man allures To seek them up, wheres'euer they be shed."

Scots Philomythie, Part Sec., 1616, sig. C.On the phrase “kills them all up," in Jonson's Erery Man in his lumour, Gifford observes; Off, out, and up, are continually used by the purest and most excellent of our old writers after verbs of destroying, consuming, eating, drinking, &c. : to us, who are less conversant with the power of language, they appear, indeed, somewhat like expletives ; but they undoubtedly contributed something to the force, and something to the roundness of the sentence. There is much wretched criticism on a similar espression in Shakespeare, 'Woo't drink up eisel ?' Theobald gives the sense of the passage in a clumsy note (deciding that vinegar is meant] ; Hanmer, who had more taste than judgment, and more judgment than knowledge, corrupts the language as usual (reading “Wilt drink up Nile ?'] ; Steevens gaily perverts the sense (declaring himself for a rirer] ; and Malone, with great effort, brings the reader back to the meaning which poor Theobald had long before excogitated.” Jonson's Works, i. 122.-Malone, however, afterwards changed his mind, and was convinced that Steevens had rightly explained the word to mean a river, because “this sort of hyperbole was common among our ancient poets.” But, in the “hyperbolical" passages cited by Malone, what rivers do those poets mention? The Rhine, the Thames, the Meander, the Euphrates,-and not such obscure streams as the Yssell, the existence of which the commentators had some difficulty in detecting.

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P. 200. (146) “Ilhen our deep plots do fail :". The quarto 1604 has “When our deepe plots doe pall.”—The later quartos have “When our deepe plots doe fall.”—The folio has “When our deare plots do paule.” (Compare “ And, if I fail not in my deep intent," &c. Richard III, act i. sc. 1.)—1865, Dr. Ingleby would read here “fall;" not

scrupling to assert that " fall had in Shakespeare's day the same meaning as ' fail'.” The Shakespeare Fabrications, p. 115.

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P. 201. (148) “And stand a comma 'tween their amities;"! Here" comma” has been altered to “commere," " cement,” &c.—" The only circumstance of resemblance the poet seems to have had in view in this similitude is merely that of standing between. As a comma stands between two several members of a sentence, without separating them otherwise than by distinguishing the one from the other, in like manner Peace personized, or the Goddess of Peace, is understood to stand between the amities of the two kings.” HEATH.—Perhaps so.

P. 201. (149) That, on the view and knowing of these contents," So the quartos, 1604, &c.; a reading which some editors have altered to

and knowing these contents.” But see Walker's Shakespeare's Versi. fication, &c., where, p. 119, this line is cited as containing an example of a “present participle contracted," and where, p. 120, among other instances, the following is cited from our author's King Henry VIII. act i. sc. 2,

“Not well dispos’d, the mind growing once corrupt."The folio has That on the view and know of these Contents."

P. 202. (150)

" Does it not, thinks't thee, stand me now upon, -" The quartos, 1604, &c. have Dooes it not thinke thee” (quarto 1637 "you"), &c.—The folio has Does it not, thinkst thee,&c.—Walker (Shakespeare's Versification, &c. p. 281) observes, that “thinks it thee occurs in the Elizabethan poets in the sense of uwv dorei oor;" and, after citing and correcting the present passage, he adduces from Cartwright's Ordinary (Dodsley's Old Plays, vol. x. p. 216, last ed.)

“Little think'st thee, how diligent thou art

To little purpose ;" adding, thinks't thee, of course.”—Compare too, in All's well that ends well, methinks't, thou art a general offence,” &c., act ii, sc. 3, vol. iii,

p. 236,

P. 202. (151)

" this arm ?" Mr. Collier's Ms. Corrector substitutes “his own ?"

P. 202. (152)

It will be short,&c. “ Arrange and write, with the folio,

It will be short:
The interim's mine ; and a man's life's no more
Than to say one.'”

Walker's Crit. Exam, &c. vol. iii.p. 272.


P. 202. (153)

court" Rowe's correction. The folio has “count.”—-From “To quit him with this arm" in the preceding speech but one to “ Peace! who comes here?" inclusive, is not in the quartos.

P. 203. (154)

your lordship" So the quartos, 1604, &c.—The folio has your friendship;" which Mr. Knight retains (and so does Dr. Delius, who defends it in a note). But it is merely an error :- and how easily such errors creep in! Though the copy from which the present edition (1857] was printed had here“ yet in the first proof-sheet which was sent to me I found "your worship.”— Elsewhere in this scene Osric four times addresses Hamlet as “ your lordship."

your lordship,

P. 203. (155)

" for my complexion." So the folio and quarto 1637.— The quartos, 1604, &c. have “or my complection;" which some editors adopt, putting a break after the words.

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P. 203. (156) " and it but yan neither," So the quarto 1604, except that it has “and yet but," &c.—The later quartos have " and yet but raw neither," &c.— The preceding speech (except its first sentence), the present speech, and a good deal more of the dialogue till the entrance of the King, Queen, &c., are not in the folio; nor to be traced in the quarto 1603.

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P. 204. (157)

"in another tongue ?" “ Surely, with the critic in Var. [Johnson), “a mother tongue." Walker's Crit. Ecam. &c. vol. iii. p. 273.

P. 204. (158)

"really." Rarely' (Theobald), of course.” Walker's Crit. Exam. &c. vol. iii. p. 273.

P. 201. (159)

but," “Surely the sense requires . ford [which Capell gave].” Walker's Crit. Eram. &c. vol. iii. p. 274.

P. 204. (160) The king, sir, hath ragered with him" So the quartos, 1604, &c.— The folio has “ The sir King ha's wag:d with him," the "wag'd” having perhaps grown out of the spelling “nagerdin the quartos.-Compare afterwards in this page, “ The king, sir, hath laid," &c. (Here the quarto 1603 has “ The King, sweete Prince, hath layd a wager on your side.")


P. 205. (161) a kind of yesty collection, which carries them through

and through the most fanned and rinnored opinions ;": The quartos 1604 and 1605 have “- the most prophane and trennowed opinions,”' &c., and so the later quartos, except that they have “ trennowned.” - The folio has “ the most fond and rinnoned opinions,” &c. - In my Remarks on Vr. Colliers and Mr. Knight's editions of Shakespeare, p. 221, I maintained that “ fond and winnoned” had been rightly amended by Warburton to “ fanned and rinnoved ;” and I still think it is an alteration which most probably restores the true reading, though Mr. Grant White (Shakespeare's Scholar, &c. p. 422) pronounces it to be altogether wrong. He says that " carries them through and through the most fond and winnowed opinions" means they go through and through they stop at no absurdity in] the most fond [affected or foolish] and winnowed (elaborately sought out) opinions ;” an interpretation which, in my judgment, the words cannot possibly bear.—1865, Mr. Grant White in his edition of Shakespeare prints " fann'd and winnowed.",

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P. 205. (162)

trial," “I suspect that, according to the old grammar, we ought to read, with the folio, 'trials'.” Walker's Crit. Exam, &c. vol. i. p. 264.

P. 206. (163)

since no man has aught of what he leaves, what ist to leave betimes ?" A very suspicious passage. I give it as it stands in the folio.—The quartos, 1604, &c. have “since no man of ought he leaues, knowes what ist to leaue betimes, let be.”


P. 206. (164)

masters, of known honour,” Walker (Crit. Exam. &c. vol. i. p. 245) suspects that “ masters" is a mistake for “ master," and that "honouroriginated in the “honour” of the preceding line but one.

P. 208. (165)

6 snoons" The old eds. have “sounds,” &c.—See note 93 on The Winter's Tale, vol. iii. p. 519.

P. 209. (166)

Ho! let the door be lock'd :" That here Caldecott, Mr. Knight, and Mr. Collier, should print "How? let the," &c., retaining the old spelling and punctuation, is marvellous,

P. 209. (167) Drink off this potion :—is thy union here ?" “* It should seem from this line, and Laertes's next speech, that Hamlet here forces the expiring king to drink some of the poisoned cup, and that he dies while it is at his lips." MALONE,

P. 211. (168) Take up the bodies :such a sight as this

Becomes the field, but here shon's much amiss.--" So the quartos, 1604, &c.—The folio has Take up the body," &c.; which Caldecott, Mr. Knight, and Mr. Collier adopt, though it is such a manifest error, that, even without the authority of any old copy, an editor would be bound to make the word plural. Fortinbras is now speaking of the bodies generally,—of Hamlet, the King, the Queen, and Laertes, who are all lying dead, and who, he says, present a spectacle that only becomes the field of battle. It would almost seem that the restorers of “body” had forgotten what precedes the present speech, viz,

66 Hor.

give order that these bodies
High on a stage be placed to the view;
And let me speak to the yet unknowing world, &c.

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