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Enter MALCOLM and old SIWARD.
We've met with foes
SCENE VIII. The same. Another part of the plain.
Turn, hell-hound, turn!
I have no words,
[They fight. Macb.
Thou losest labour :
Despair thy charm;
Macb. Accursèd be that tongue that tells me so,
That palter with us in a double sense ;
Macd. Then yield thee, coward,
I will not yield,
[Exeunt, fighting. Retreat. Flourish (121) Enter, with drum and colours, Malcolm, old
SIWARD, Ross, Lennox, Angus, CAITHNESS, MENTEITH, and
Siw. Some must go off: and yet, by these I see,
Mal. Macduff is missing, and your noble son.
Ross. Your son, my lord, has paid a soldier's debt:
Then he is dead ?
. Ay, and brought off the field : your cause of sorrow
Had he his hurts before ?
Why then, God's soldier be he!
He's worth more sorrow,
He's worth no more :
God b' wi' him !-Here comes newer comfort.
Re-enter Macduff, with Macbeth's head on a pole. Macd. Hail, king! for so thou art: behold, where stands Th' usurper's cursèd head: the time is free: I see thee compass'd with thy kingdom's pearl, That speak my salutation in their minds; Whose voices I desire aloud with mine,Hail, King of Scotland ! All.
Hail, King of Scotland ! [Flourish. Mal. We shall not spend a large expense of time Before we reckon with your several loves, And make us even with you. My thanes and kinsmen, Henceforth be earls,—the first that ever Scotland In such an honour nam’d. What's more to do, Which would be planted newly with the time,As calling home our exil'd friends abroad, That fled the snares of watchful tyranny ; Producing forth the cruel ministers Of this dead butcher, and his fiend-like queen,Who, as 'tis thought, by self and violent hands Took off her life ;-this, and what needful else That calls upon us, by the grace of Grace, We will perform in measure, time, and place : So, thanks to all at once and to each one, Whom we invite to see us crown'd at Scone.
"1. I come, Gray-Malkin.
AN. Padock calls anon : faire is foule," &c. but surely it is evident that the author intended only the concluding couplet to be spoken in chorus.
P. 6. (3)
Say to the king thy knowledge of the broil” The folio has “ Say to the King, the knowledge,” &c.—Corrected by Walker, Crit. Eram. &c. vol. ii. p. 232.
"gallonglasses is supplied ;" So the second folio. —The first folio has “ Gallowgrosses,” &c.—" Read, with Pope,
was supplied :' the corruption was caused by · Do' just above.” W.N. LETTSOM.
P. 6. (5)
“ And fortune, on his damnèd quarrel smiling,
Show'd like a rebel's nehore: but all's too weak :" The folio has"
on his damned Quarry smiling,” &c. ; but, long before Mr. Collier’s Ms. Corrector was heard of, most of the editors had agreed that " quarrel" is the genuine reading.-"The word quarrel,” observes Steevens, "occurs in Holinshed's relation of this very fact, and may be regarded as a sufficient proof of its having been the term here employed by Shakespeare : "Out of the westerne Iles there came ynto him [Makdowald) a great multitude of people, offering themselues to assist him in that rebellious quarell. Hist. of Scotland, p. 265, ed. 1808.”_" Again in this play [p. 57],” says Ma
" i and the chance of goodness Be like our warranted quarrel ! Here we have warranted quarrel, the exact opposite of damned quarrel."
On this passage Boswell has a note, which would almost seem to have been written in ridicule of the commentators : he suggests
that here "quarry'' may mean “ arrow," and that there may be no more objection to the expression, “Fortune smiling on a warrior's quarry [i.e. arrow]," than to“ Fortune
smiling on a warrior's sword.”—Mr. Knight, who retains “quarry” in the sense of prey, says ; "the 'damned quarry' is the doomed army of kernes and gallowglasses, who, although fortune deceitfully smiled on them, fled before the sword of Macbeth, and became his quarry-his prey.” How, on earth, could "his” mean Macbeth's? surely it must have escaped Mr. Knight that the name of Vacbeth has not yet been mentioned in this scene !-Mr. Singer (Shakespeare l'indicated, &c. p. 250) is also a defender of the old lection ; " The epithet ‘damned' is inapplicable to quarrel in the sense which it here bears of condemned (which sense I am convinced it does not bear here]. Mr. Collier himself says that quarry ‘gives an obvious and striking meaning much more forcible than quarrel.'” The note by Mr. Collier ad l. to which Mr. Singer approvingly refers is; " His damned quarry, i.e. His army doomed, or damned, to become the quarry' or prey of his enemies," -as forced an explanation as well can be ; for “his quarry” could only signify — HIS OWN quarry or prey. (Indeed, a defence of “quarry” is nothing new : according to Heath, in his Rerisal, 1765, here" it means the slaughter and depredations made by the rebel. Thus in the same play [p. 59],
to relate the manner, Were, on the quarry of these murder'd deer,
To add the death of you.'” Now, if the two passages are to be considered a parallel, and “his quarry"
the slaughter and depredations made by the rebel,” must we not understand “the quarry of these murder'd deer" to mean the quarry made by these murder'd deer" ?) — 1865. “Read, with Pope, but all too weak,”” W. N. LETTSOM,
P. 6. (6)
“And ne'er shook hands," The folio has “Which neu'r shooke hands;" the “Which” being evidently repeated, by a mistake of the scribe or compositor, from the commencement of the third line above.
P. 6. (7)
“ thunders break;" So Pope. In the folio both the sense and metre are imperfect,—the line ending with the word “thunders.”—The editor of the second folio printed “ Thunders breaking.”—“ Perhaps, áburst would be better (than 'break']. (Or was the word 'threat' ?)” Walker's Crit, Exam. &c. vol. iii. p. 250.
P. 6. (8) “So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to come,
Discomfort snells." “I have not disturbed the text here, as the sense does not absolutely require it; though Dr. Thirlby prescribes a very ingenious and easy correction;
• So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd come,
THEOBALD,Hence Capell printed “ Discomfort wells.”—See note 75 on The First Part of King Henry IV, vol. iv. p. 298.