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rity of the master with the care and kindness of the guardian and friend. Solicitous for the welfare of his slaves, while at mount Vernon, he every morning rode round his estates to examir their condition; for the sick, physicians were provided, and to the weak and infirm every necessary comfort was administered. The servitude of the negroes lay with weight upon Puis mind; he often made it the subject of conversation, ind resolved several plans for their general emancipation ; but could devise none, which promised success, in consistency with humanity to them, and safety to the state.
The address presented to him at Alexandria, on the commencement of his presidency, fully shows how much he was endeared to his neighbours, and the affection and esteem, in which his friends held his private character.
His industry was unremitted, and his method so exact, that all the complicated business of his military command, and civil administration, was managed without confusion, and without hurry.
Not feeling the lust of power, and ambitious only for honourable fame, he devoted himself to his country upon the most disinterested principles; and his actions wore not the semblance but the reality of virtue : the purity of his motives was accredited, and absolute sonfidence placed in his patriotism.
While filling a publick station, the performance of his duty took the place of pleasure, emolument, and every private consideration. During the more critical years of the war, a smile was scarcely seen upon his countenance, he gave himself no inoments of relaxation ; but his whole mind was engrossed to execute successfully his trust.
As a military commander, he struggled with innu. merable embarrassments, arising from the short enlistment of his men, and from the want of provisione.
clothing, arms, and ammunition; and an opinion. If his achievements should be formed in view of these in. adequate means.
The first years of his civil administration were at. tended with the extraordinary fact, that while a great proportion of his countrymen did not approve his measures, they universally venerated his character, and relied implicitly on his integrity. Although his opponents eventually deemed it expedient to vilify his character, that they might diminish his political influ. enco; yet the moment that he retired from publick life, they returned to their expressions of veneration and esteem; and after his dcath, used every endeavour to secure to their party the influence of his name.
He was as eminent for piety as for patriotism. His publick and private conduct evince, that he impressively felt a sense of the superintendence of God and of the dependence of man. In his addresses, while at the head of the army, and of the national government, he gratefully noticed the signal blessings of Providence, and fervently commended his country to divine bone · diction. In private, he was known to have been ha. bitually devout.
In principle and practice he was a Christian. Th. support of an Episcopal church, in the vicinity of Mount Vernon, rested principally upon him, and hera. when on his estate, he with constancy attended publick worship. In his address to the American people, at the close of the war, mentioning the favourable period of the world at which the independence of hig country was established, and enumerating the causos which unitedly had ameliorated the condition of hu. man society, he, above science, philosophy, commerce, and all other considerations, ranked “the pure and benign light of Revelation.” Supplicating Heavon that his fellow citizens might cultivate the disposition, and practise the virtues, which exalt a community, he prebented the following petition to his God That he
would most graciously be pleased to dispose us all to do justice, to love mercy, and to demoan ourselves with crat charity, humility and pacifick temper cf mind, which were the characteristicks of the Divine Author of our blessed religion; without a humble imitation of whose example in these things, we can never hope to be a happy nation.”
During the war, he not unfrequently rode ton or twelvo miles from camp to attend publick worship; and he never omitted this attendance, when opportuni. ty presented.
In the establishment of his presidential household, ho reserved to himselt the Sabbath, free from the interruptions of private visits, or publick business; and throughout the cight years of his civil administration, ce gave to the institutions of christianity the influence of his example.
He was as fortunate as great and good.
Under his auspices, a civil war was conducted with mildness, and a revolution with order. Raised him. self above the influence of popular passions, he happily directed these passions to the most useful purposes. Uniting the talents of the soldier with the qualifications of the statesman, and pursuing, uninoved by difficulties, the noblest end by the purest means,
he had the supreme satisfaction of beholding the completo success of his great military and civil sorvices, in the independence and happiness of his country
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